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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655065/impact-of-acute-intestinal-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury-on-hemodynamics-and-remote-organs-in-a-rat-model
#1
Meng Wang, Rabea Verhaegh, Konstantinos Tsagakis, Lisa Brencher, Denise Zwanziger, Heinz G Jakob, Herbert de Groot, Daniel-Sebastian Dohle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654892/intrinsic-remote-conditioning-of-the-myocardium-as-a-comprehensive-cardiac-response-to-ischemia-and-reperfusion
#2
Noemi Pavo, Dominika Lukovic, Katrin Zlabinger, David Lorant, Georg Goliasch, Johannes Winkler, Dietmar Pils, Katharina Auer, Hendrik Jan Ankersmit, Zoltán Giricz, Márta Sárközy, András Jakab, Rita Garamvölgyi, Maximilian Y Emmert, Simon P Hoerstrup, Derek J Hausenloy, Péter Ferdinandy, Gerald Maurer, Mariann Gyöngyösi
We have previously shown that distal anterior wall ischemia/reperfusion induces gene expression changes in the proximal anterior myocardial area, involving genes responsible for cardiac remodeling. Here we investigated the molecular signals of the ischemia non-affected remote lateral and posterior regions and present gene expression profiles of the entire left ventricle by using our novel and straightforward method of 2D and 3D image reconstruction. Five or 24h after repetitive 10min ischemia/reperfusion without subsequent infarction, pig hearts were explanted and myocardial samples from 52 equally distributed locations of the left ventricle were collected...
June 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654682/low-intensity-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-interventions-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-compared-to-waiting-list-for-therapist-led-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-3-arm-randomised-controlled-trial-of-clinical-effectiveness
#3
Karina Lovell, Peter Bower, Judith Gellatly, Sarah Byford, Penny Bee, Dean McMillan, Catherine Arundel, Simon Gilbody, Lina Gega, Gillian Hardy, Shirley Reynolds, Michael Barkham, Patricia Mottram, Nicola Lidbetter, Rebecca Pedley, Jo Molle, Emily Peckham, Jasmin Knopp-Hoffer, Owen Price, Janice Connell, Margaret Heslin, Christopher Foley, Faye Plummer, Christopher Roberts
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is prevalent and without adequate treatment usually follows a chronic course. "High-intensity" cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) from a specialist therapist is current "best practice." However, access is difficult because of limited numbers of therapists and because of the disabling effects of OCD symptoms. There is a potential role for "low-intensity" interventions as part of a stepped care model. Low-intensity interventions (written or web-based materials with limited therapist support) can be provided remotely, which has the potential to increase access...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654550/promoters-and-barriers-to-implementation-of-tracheal-intubation-airway-safety-bundle-a-mixed-method-analysis
#4
Katherine Finn Davis, Natalie Napolitano, Simon Li, Hayley Buffman, Kyle Rehder, Matthew Pinto, Sholeen Nett, J Dean Jarvis, Pradip Kamat, Ronald C Sanders, David A Turner, Janice E Sullivan, Kris Bysani, Anthony Lee, Margaret Parker, Michelle Adu-Darko, John Giuliano, Katherine Biagas, Vinay Nadkarni, Akira Nishisaki
OBJECTIVES: To describe promoters and barriers to implementation of an airway safety quality improvement bundle from the perspective of interdisciplinary frontline clinicians and ICU quality improvement leaders. DESIGN: Mixed methods. SETTING: Thirteen PICUs of the National Emergency Airway Registry for Children network. INTERVENTION: Remote or on-site focus groups with interdisciplinary ICU staff. Two semistructured interviews with ICU quality improvement leaders with quantitative and qualitative data-based feedbacks...
June 24, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654273/luminescent-dinuclear-ruthenium-terpyridine-complexes-with-a-bis-phenylbenzimidazole-spacer
#5
Debiprasad Mondal, Sourav Biswas, Animesh Paul, Sujoy Baitalik
A conjugated bis-terpyridine bridging ligand, 2-(4-(2,6-di(pyridin-2-yl)pyridin-4-yl)phenyl)-6-(2-(4-(2,6-di(pyridin-2-yl)pyridin-4-yl)phenyl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-6-yl)-1H-benzo[d] imidazole (tpy-BPhBzimH2-tpy), was designed in this work by covalent coupling of 3,3'-diaminobenzidine and two 4'-(p-formylphenyl)-2,2':6',2″-terpyridine units to synthesize a new series of bimetallic Ru(II)-terpyridine light-harvesting complexes. Photophysical and electrochemical properties were modulated by the variation of the terminal ligands in the complexes...
June 27, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654086/a-multiscale-dataset-for-understanding-complex-eco-hydrological-processes-in-a-heterogeneous-oasis-system
#6
Xin Li, Shaomin Liu, Qin Xiao, Mingguo Ma, Rui Jin, Tao Che, Weizhen Wang, Xiaoli Hu, Ziwei Xu, Jianguang Wen, Liangxu Wang
We introduce a multiscale dataset obtained from Heihe Watershed Allied Telemetry Experimental Research (HiWATER) in an oasis-desert area in 2012. Upscaling of eco-hydrological processes on a heterogeneous surface is a grand challenge. Progress in this field is hindered by the poor availability of multiscale observations. HiWATER is an experiment designed to address this challenge through instrumentation on hierarchically nested scales to obtain multiscale and multidisciplinary data. The HiWATER observation system consists of a flux observation matrix of eddy covariance towers, large aperture scintillometers, and automatic meteorological stations; an eco-hydrological sensor network of soil moisture and leaf area index; hyper-resolution airborne remote sensing using LiDAR, imaging spectrometer, multi-angle thermal imager, and L-band microwave radiometer; and synchronical ground measurements of vegetation dynamics, and photosynthesis processes...
June 27, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653582/waste-management-outlook-for-mountain-regions-sources-and-solutions
#7
Larisa Semernya, Aditi Ramola, Björn Alfthan, Claudia Giacovelli
Following the release of the global waste management outlook in 2015, the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), through its International Environmental Technology Centre, is elaborating a series of region-specific and thematic waste management outlooks that provide policy recommendations and solutions based on current practices in developing and developed countries. The Waste Management Outlook for Mountain Regions is the first report in this series. Mountain regions present unique challenges to waste management; while remoteness is often associated with costly and difficult transport of waste, the potential impact of waste pollutants is higher owing to the steep terrain and rivers transporting waste downstream...
June 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653315/effectiveness-of-medtronic-carelink-express-system-in-identifying-patients-with-high-energy-electrotherapy-devices-requiring-clinically-significant-intervention
#8
Marcin Grabowski, Sabina Sadecka, Andrzej Cacko, Marcin Michalak, Leszek Blicharz, Paweł Balsam, Grzegorz Opolski
BACKGROUND: The number of patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) or cardiac resynchronization therapy and defibrillator (CRT-D) is growing. This results in high workloads for centers performing standard controls (SC) of these systems. Medtronic CareLink Express (MCLE) is a solution enabling remote controls (RC) of implantable devices. In cases of detecting arrhythmias or device malfunctioning, it automatically generates alarms transmitted to the controlling physician...
June 27, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653309/refined-heart-failure-detection-algorithm-for-improved-clinical-reliability-of-optivol-alerts-in-crt-d-recipients
#9
Mate Vamos, Noemi Nyolczas, Zsolt Bari, Peter Bogyi, Balazs Muk, Barna Szabo, Bettina Ancsin, Robert G Kiss, Gabor Z Duray
BACKGROUND: The reliability of intrathoracic impedance monitoring for prediction of heart failure (HF) by implantable cardiac devices is controversial. Despite using additional device-based parameters described in the PARTNERS HF study, such as new onset of arrhythmias, abnormal autonomics, low biventricular pacing rate or patient activity level, the predictive power of device diagnostic algorithm is still in doubt. The objective of this study was to compare the device diagnostic algorithm described in the PARTNERS HF study to a newly developed algorithm applying refined diagnostic criteria...
June 27, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652937/primary-health-clinic-toilet-bathroom-surface-swab-sampling-can-indicate-community-profile-of-sexually-transmitted-infections
#10
Philip M Giffard, Jiunn-Yih Su, Patiyan Andersson, Deborah C Holt
BACKGROUND: The microbiome of built environment surfaces is impacted by the presence of humans. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that analysis of surface swabs from clinic toilet/bathroom yields results correlated with sexually transmitted infection (STI) notifications from corresponding human populations. We extended a previously reported study in which surfaces in toilet/bathroom facilities in primary health clinics in the Australian Northern Territory (NT) were swabbed then tested for nucleic acid from the STI agents Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Trichomonas vaginalis...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652571/discovery-of-long-range-inhibitory-signaling-to-ensure-single-axon-formation
#11
Tetsuya Takano, Mengya Wu, Shinichi Nakamuta, Honda Naoki, Naruki Ishizawa, Takashi Namba, Takashi Watanabe, Chundi Xu, Tomonari Hamaguchi, Yoshimitsu Yura, Mutsuki Amano, Klaus M Hahn, Kozo Kaibuchi
A long-standing question in neurodevelopment is how neurons develop a single axon and multiple dendrites from common immature neurites. Long-range inhibitory signaling from the growing axon is hypothesized to prevent outgrowth of other immature neurites and to differentiate them into dendrites, but the existence and nature of this inhibitory signaling remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that axonal growth triggered by neurotrophin-3 remotely inhibits neurite outgrowth through long-range Ca(2+) waves, which are delivered from the growing axon to the cell body...
June 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652373/materials-and-processing-approaches-for-foundry-compatible-transient-electronics
#12
Jan-Kai Chang, Hui Fang, Christopher A Bower, Enming Song, Xinge Yu, John A Rogers
Foundry-based routes to transient silicon electronic devices have the potential to serve as the manufacturing basis for "green" electronic devices, biodegradable implants, hardware secure data storage systems, and unrecoverable remote devices. This article introduces materials and processing approaches that enable state-of-the-art silicon complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) foundries to be leveraged for high-performance, water-soluble forms of electronics. The key elements are (i) collections of biodegradable electronic materials (e...
June 26, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652357/neighbor-detection-at-the-leaf-tip-adaptively-regulates-upward-leaf-movement-through-spatial-auxin-dynamics
#13
Chrysoula K Pantazopoulou, Franca J Bongers, Jesse J Küpers, Emilie Reinen, Debatosh Das, Jochem B Evers, Niels P R Anten, Ronald Pierik
Vegetation stands have a heterogeneous distribution of light quality, including the red/far-red light ratio (R/FR) that informs plants about proximity of neighbors. Adequate responses to changes in R/FR are important for competitive success. How the detection and response to R/FR are spatially linked and how this spatial coordination between detection and response affects plant performance remains unresolved. We show in Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica nigra that localized FR enrichment at the lamina tip induces upward leaf movement (hyponasty) from the petiole base...
June 26, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652341/high-speed-acoustic-communication-by-multiplexing-orbital-angular-momentum
#14
Chengzhi Shi, Marc Dubois, Yuan Wang, Xiang Zhang
Long-range acoustic communication is crucial to underwater applications such as collection of scientific data from benthic stations, ocean geology, and remote control of off-shore industrial activities. However, the transmission rate of acoustic communication is always limited by the narrow-frequency bandwidth of the acoustic waves because of the large attenuation for high-frequency sound in water. Here, we demonstrate a high-throughput communication approach using the orbital angular momentum (OAM) of acoustic vortex beams with one order enhancement of the data transmission rate at a single frequency...
June 26, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651898/remote-ischaemic-preconditioning-in-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-ripcolt-trial-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-feasibility-study
#15
Francis P Robertson, Rup Goswami, Graham P Wright, Charles Imber, Dinesh Sharma, Massimo Malago, Barry J Fuller, Brian R Davidson
BACKGROUND: Ischaemia Reperfusion (IR) injury is a major cause of morbidity, mortality and graft loss following Orthotopic Liver Transplantation (OLT). Utilising marginal grafts, which are more susceptible to IR injury, makes this a key research goal. Remote Ischaemic Preconditioning (RIPC) has been shown to ameliorate hepatic IR injury in experimental models. Whether RIPC can reduce IR injury in human liver transplant recipients is unknown. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing liver transplantation were randomized to RIPC or a sham...
June 23, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651860/fractional-fetal-thigh-volume-in-the-prediction-of-normal-and-abnormal-fetal-growth-during-the-third-trimester-of-pregnancy
#16
Louise E Simcox, Jenny E Myers, Tim J Cole, Edward D Johnstone
BACKGROUND: Currently 2D ultrasound (US) estimation of fetal size rather than fetal growth is used to define fetal growth restriction (FGR), but single estimates in late pregnancy lack sensitivity and may identify small for gestational age rather than growth restriction. Single or longitudinal measures of 3D fractional thigh volume may address this problem. OBJECTIVES: To derive normal values for 3D fractional thigh volume (TVol) in the third trimester, determine if TVol is superior to 2D ultrasound biometry alone for detecting FGR and whether individualised growth assessment parameters have the potential to identify FGR remote from term delivery...
June 23, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651557/amphibian-and-reptile-road-kills-on-tertiary-roads-in-relation-to-landscape-structure-using-a-citizen-science-approach-with-open-access-land-cover-data
#17
Florian Heigl, Kathrin Horvath, Gregor Laaha, Johann G Zaller
BACKGROUND: Amphibians and reptiles are among the most endangered vertebrate species worldwide. However, little is known how they are affected by road-kills on tertiary roads and whether the surrounding landscape structure can explain road-kill patterns. The aim of our study was to examine the applicability of open-access remote sensing data for a large-scale citizen science approach to describe spatial patterns of road-killed amphibians and reptiles on tertiary roads. Using a citizen science app we monitored road-kills of amphibians and reptiles along 97...
June 26, 2017: BMC Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650802/translational-motion-tracking-of-leg-joints-for-enhanced-prediction-of-walking-tasks
#18
Roman Mark Stolyarov, Gary Burnett, Hugh Herr
OBJECTIVE: Prediction of walking tasks in powered leg prostheses is an important problem in the development of biomimetic prosthesis controllers. This article proposes a novel method to predict upcoming walking tasks by estimating the translational motion of leg joints using an inertial measurement unit. METHODS: We asked six subjects with unilateral transtibial amputations to traverse flat ground, ramps, and stairs using a powered prosthesis while inertial signals were remotely collected...
June 22, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650194/remotely-delivering-real-time-parent-training-to-the-home-an-initial-randomized-trial-of-internet-delivered-parent-child-interaction-therapy-i-pcit
#19
Jonathan S Comer, Jami M Furr, Elizabeth M Miguel, Christine E Cooper-Vince, Aubrey L Carpenter, R Meredith Elkins, Caroline E Kerns, Danielle Cornacchio, Tommy Chou, Stefany Coxe, Mariah DeSerisy, Amanda L Sanchez, Alejandra Golik, Julio Martin, Kathleen M Myers, Rhea Chase
OBJECTIVE: Remote technologies are increasingly being leveraged to expand the reach of supported care, but applications to early child-behavior problems have been limited. This is the first controlled trial examining video-teleconferencing to remotely deliver behavioral parent training to the home setting with a live therapist. METHOD: Racially/ethnically diverse children ages 3-5 years with disruptive behavior disorders, and their caregiver(s), using webcams and parent-worn Bluetooth earpieces, participated in a randomized trial comparing Internet-delivered parent-child interaction therapy (I-PCIT) versus standard clinic-based PCIT (N = 40)...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649768/measuring-canopy-loss-and-climatic-thresholds-from-an-extreme-drought-along-a-fivefold-precipitation-gradient-across-texas
#20
Amanda M Schwantes, Jennifer J Swenson, Mariano González-Roglich, Daniel M Johnson, Jean-Christophe Domec, Robert B Jackson
Globally, trees are increasingly dying from extreme drought, a trend that is expected to increase with climate change. Loss of trees has significant ecological, biophysical, and biogeochemical consequences. In 2011, a record drought caused widespread tree mortality in Texas. Using remotely sensed imagery, we quantified canopy loss during and after the drought across the state at 30-m spatial resolution, from the eastern pine/hardwood forests to the western shrublands, a region that includes the boundaries of many species ranges...
June 26, 2017: Global Change Biology
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