keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dopamine and sex

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924005/nigral-glutamatergic-neurons-control-the-speed-of-locomotion
#1
Dimitri Ryczko, Swantje Grätsch, Laura Schläger, Avo Keuyalian, Zakaria Boukhatem, Claudia Garcia, François Auclair, Ansgar Büschges, Réjean Dubuc
The Mesencephalic Locomotor Region (MLR) plays a crucial role in locomotor control. In vertebrates, stimulation of the MLR at increasing intensities elicits locomotion of growing speed. This effect has been presumed to result from higher brain inputs activating the MLR like a dimmer switch. Here, we show in lampreys (Petromyzon marinus) of either sex that incremental stimulation of a region homologous to the mammalian substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) evokes increasing activation of MLR cells with a graded increase in the frequency of locomotor movements...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922168/evaluation-of-rna-blood-biomarkers-in-individuals-at-risk-of-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Jose A Santiago, Judith A Potashkin
BACKGROUND: Substantial progress has been made in the discovery of blood biomarkers for Parkinson's disease (PD), a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects more than 4 million worldwide. Olfactory dysfunction and dopamine deficits usually precede motor symptoms years before the onset of PD. A readily accessible biomarker useful for identifying patients at risk of PD is expected to accelerate clinical trials. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate previously identified PD blood RNA biomarkers in a cohort of asymptomatic individuals at risk of PD...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918947/hormonal-signaling-cascade-during-an-early-adult-critical-period-required-for-courtship-memory-retention-in-drosophila
#3
Sang Soo Lee, Yike Ding, Natalie Karapetians, Crisalejandra Rivera-Perez, Fernando Gabriel Noriega, Michael E Adams
Formation and expression of memories are critical for context-dependent decision making. In Drosophila, a courting male rejected by a mated female subsequently courts less avidly when paired with a virgin female, a behavioral modification attributed to "courtship memory." Here we show the critical role of hormonal state for maintenance of courtship memory. Ecdysis-triggering hormone (ETH) is essential for courtship memory through regulation of juvenile hormone (JH) levels in adult males. Reduction of JH levels via silencing of ETH signaling genes impairs short-term courtship memory, a phenotype rescuable by the JH analog methoprene...
September 7, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912301/early-onset-drug-induced-parkinsonism-after-exposure-to-offenders-implies-nigrostriatal-dopaminergic-dysfunction
#4
Seok Jong Chung, Han Soo Yoo, Hyojeong Moon, Jungsu S Oh, Jae Seung Kim, Yong Hee Park, Jin Yong Hong, Byoung Seok Ye, Young H Sohn, Phil Hyu Lee
OBJECTIVES: The onset of parkinsonism in patients with drug-induced parkinsonism (DIP) exhibits extensive individual variability following exposure to offending drugs. We investigated whether the individual variations in the onset time of parkinsonism reflected the underlying subtle dopaminergic dysfunction in DIP. METHODS: We enrolled 71 patients with DIP who had visually normal striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) availability in (18)F-FP-CIT positron emission tomography scans...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899020/progression-marker-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-4-year-multi-site-imaging-study
#5
Roxana G Burciu, Edward Ofori, Derek B Archer, Samuel S Wu, Ofer Pasternak, Nikolaus R McFarland, Michael S Okun, David E Vaillancourt
Progression markers of Parkinson's disease are crucial for successful therapeutic development. Recently, a diffusion magnetic resonance imaging analysis technique using a bitensor model was introduced allowing the estimation of the fractional volume of free water within a voxel, which is expected to increase in neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease. Prior work demonstrated that free water in the posterior substantia nigra was elevated in Parkinson's disease compared to controls across single- and multi-site cohorts, and increased over 1 year in Parkinson's disease but not in controls at a single site...
August 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894175/sexual-congruency-in-the-connectome-and-translatome-of-vta-dopamine-neurons
#6
Amanda S Chung, Samara M Miller, Yanjun Sun, Xiangmin Xu, Larry S Zweifel
The ventral tegmental area (VTA) dopamine system is important for reward, motivation, emotion, learning, and memory. Dysfunctions in the dopamine system are linked to multiple neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders, many of which present with sex differences. Little is known about the extent of heterogeneity in the basic organization of VTA dopamine neurons with regard to sex. Here, we characterized the cell-specific connectivity of VTA dopamine neurons, their mRNA translational profile, and basic electrophysiological characteristics in a common strain of mice...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889207/antipsychotic-induced-hyperprolactinemia-synthesis-of-world-wide-guidelines-and-integrated-recommendations-for-assessment-management-and-future-research
#7
REVIEW
Jasmin Grigg, Roisin Worsley, Caroline Thew, Caroline Gurvich, Natalie Thomas, Jayashri Kulkarni
RATIONALE: Hyperprolactinemia is a highly prevalent adverse effect of many antipsychotic agents, with potentially serious health consequences. Several guidelines have been developed for the management of this condition; yet, their concordance has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this paper were (1) to review current clinical guidelines; (2) to review key systematic evidence for management; and (3) based on our findings, to develop an integrated management recommendation specific to male and female patients who are otherwise clinically stabilised on antipsychotics...
September 9, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887803/psychosis-in-spinocerebellar-ataxias-a-case-series-and-study-of-tyrosine-hydroxylase-in-substantia-nigra
#8
Katherine W Turk, Margaret E Flanagan, Samuel Josephson, C Dirk Keene, Suman Jayadev, Thomas D Bird
Spinocerebellar ataxias are a genetically heterogeneous group of degenerative diseases typically characterized by progressive ataxia and to various degrees, neuropathy, amyotrophy, and ocular abnormalities. There is increasing evidence for non-motor manifestations associated with cerebellar syndromes including cognitive and psychiatric features. We studied a retrospective clinical case series of eight subjects with spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) 2, 3, 7, and 17, all displaying features of psychosis, and also measured tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) staining of the substantia nigra (SN) at autopsy, among four of the subjects...
September 8, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867385/olfactory-conditioned-same-sex-partner-preference-in-female-rats-role-of-ovarian-hormones
#9
M B Tecamachaltzi-Silvaran, M Barradas-Moctezuma, D Herrera-Covarrubias, P Carrillo, A A Corona-Morales, C A Perez, L I García, J Manzo, Genaro A Coria-Avila
The dopamine D2-type receptor agonist quinpirole (QNP) facilitates the development of conditioned same-sex partner preference in males during cohabitation, but not in ovariectomized (OVX) females, primed with estradiol benzoate (EB) and progesterone (P). Herein we tested the effects of QNP on OVX, EB-only primed females. Females received a systemic injection (every four days) of either saline (Saline-conditioned) or QNP (QNP-conditioned) and then cohabited for 24h with lemon-scented stimulus females (CS+), during three trials...
September 11, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860780/association-between-comt-val158met-and-dat1-polymorphisms-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-obese-population
#10
Maciej Bieliński, Marcin Jaracz, Natalia Lesiewska, Marta Tomaszewska, Marcin Sikora, Roman Junik, Anna Kamińska, Andrzej Tretyn, Alina Borkowska
OBJECTIVES: Depressive symptoms are common among patients with obesity. Abnormalities in dopamine signaling involved in the reward circuit may ensue excessive consumption of food, resulting in obesity and leading to neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression. This study sought to investigate the association of polymorphisms in the genes encoding DAT1/SLC6A3 and COMT with the intensity of depressive symptoms in obese subjects. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Prevalence and severity of depressive symptoms were assessed in a group of 364 obese patients using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858992/the-genotypes-and-methylation-of-mao-genes-as-factors-behind-smoking-behavior
#11
Emmi M Tiili, Natalia V Mitiushkina, Olga A Sukhovskaya, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Ari P Hirvonen
OBJECTIVE: Smoking dependence is the main cause for tobacco-related illnesses. The addiction-causing substance in tobacco, nicotine, acts through the dopamine pathway in the brain, causing several pleasurable experiences through cigarette smoking. Thus, both genetic and epigenetic factors related to dopamine metabolism may play an important role in influencing an individual's smoking behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied the 1460 C/T variation and the variable number tandem repeat polymorphism in the MAOA gene and A/G variation in intron 13 in the MAOB gene together with four DNA methylation sites in both of these genes in relation to several smoking-related phenotypes in a study population of 1230 Whites of Russian origin...
August 29, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855580/attentional-control-in-adolescent-mice-assessed-with-a-modified-five-choice-serial-reaction-time-task
#12
Mariasole Ciampoli, Gabriella Contarini, Maddalena Mereu, Francesco Papaleo
Adolescence is a critical period for the development of higher-order cognitive functions. Unlike in humans, very limited tools are available to assess such cognitive abilities in adolescent rodents. We implemented a modified 5-Choice Serial Reaction Time Task (5CSRTT) to selectively measure attentiveness, impulsivity, broad monitoring, processing speed and distractibility in adolescent mice. 21-day old C57BL/6J mice reliably acquired this task with no sex-dependent differences in 10-12 days. A protocol previously used in adults was less effective to assess impulsiveness in adolescents, but revealed increased vulnerability in females...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833754/trait-impulsiveness-is-related-to-smaller-post-commissural-putamen-volumes-in-males-but-not-females
#13
Fernando Caravaggio, Eric Plitman, Jun Ku Chung, Philip Gerretsen, Julia Kim, Yusuke Iwata, Mallar Chakravarty, Gary Remington, Ariel Graff-Guerrero
Impulsivity is considered a vulnerability trait for addiction. Recently, we found trait non-planning impulsiveness measured with the Karolinska Scales of Personality was negatively correlated with dopamine D2/3 receptor availability in the ventral striatum of healthy humans. While also observed in rodents, human studies have failed to find this association with other measures of trait impulsivity. We explored whether another rodent finding, reduced ventral striatum volume with greater impulsivity, could also be observed in humans using this scale...
August 22, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821671/learning-and-stress-shape-the-reward-response-patterns-of-serotonin-neurons
#14
Zhong Weixin, Yi Li, Qiru Feng, Minmin Luo
The ability to predict reward promotes animal survival. Both dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and serotonin neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) participate in reward processing. Although the learning effects on dopamine neurons have been extensively characterized, it remains largely unknown how the response of serotonin neurons evolves during learning. Moreover, while stress is known to strongly influence reward-related behavior, we know very little about how stress modulates neuronal reward responses...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802938/impulse-control-and-related-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Daniel Weintraub, Daniel O Claassen
Impulse control disorders (ICDs), such as compulsive gambling, buying, sexual, and eating behaviors, are a serious and increasingly recognized complication in Parkinson's disease (PD), occurring in up to 20% of PD patients over the course of their illness. Related behaviors include punding (stereotyped, repetitive, purposeless behaviors), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) (compulsive medication overuse), and hobbyism (e.g., compulsive internet use, artistic endeavors, and writing). These disorders have a significant impact on quality of life and function, strain interpersonal relationships, and worsen caregiver burden, and are associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794277/modulation-of-social-space-by-dopamine-in-drosophila-melanogaster-but-no-effect-on-the-avoidance-of-the-drosophila-stress-odorant
#16
Robert W Fernandez, Adesanya A Akinleye, Marat Nurilov, Omar Feliciano, Matthew Lollar, Rami R Aijuri, Janis M O'Donnell, Anne F Simon
Appropriate response to others is necessary for social interactions. Yet little is known about how neurotransmitters regulate attractive and repulsive social cues. Using genetic and pharmacological manipulations in Drosophila melanogaster, we show that dopamine is contributing the response to others in a social group, specifically, social spacing, but not the avoidance of odours released by stressed flies (dSO). Interestingly, this dopamine-mediated behaviour is prominent only in the day-time, and its effect varies depending on tissue, sex and type of manipulation...
August 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780627/primary-pediatric-hypertension-current-understanding-and-emerging-concepts
#17
REVIEW
Andrew C Tiu, Michael D Bishop, Laureano D Asico, Pedro A Jose, Van Anthony M Villar
The rising prevalence of primary pediatric hypertension and its tracking into adult hypertension point to the importance of determining its pathogenesis to gain insights into its current and emerging management. Considering that the intricate control of BP is governed by a myriad of anatomical, molecular biological, biochemical, and physiological systems, multiple genes are likely to influence an individual's BP and susceptibility to develop hypertension. The long-term regulation of BP rests on renal and non-renal mechanisms...
September 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751855/interactive-effects-of-dopamine-baseline-levels-and-cycle-phase-on-executive-functions-the-role-of-progesterone
#18
Esmeralda Hidalgo-Lopez, Belinda Pletzer
Estradiol and progesterone levels vary along the menstrual cycle and have multiple neuroactive effects, including on the dopaminergic system. Dopamine relates to executive functions in an "inverted U-shaped" manner and its levels are increased by estradiol. Accordingly, dopamine dependent changes in executive functions along the menstrual cycle have been previously studied in the pre-ovulatory phase, when estradiol levels peak. Specifically it has been demonstrated that working memory is enhanced during the pre-ovulatory phase in women with low dopamine baseline levels, but impaired in women with high dopamine baseline levels...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743598/decrease-in-endogenous-brain-allopregnanolone-induces-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-like-behavior-in-mice-a-novel-animal-model-of-asd
#19
Ken Ebihara, Hironori Fujiwara, Suresh Awale, Dya Fita Dibwe, Ryota Araki, Takeshi Yabe, Kinzo Matsumoto
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with core symptoms of social impairments and restrictive repetitive behaviors. Recent evidence has implicated a dysfunction in the GABAergic system in the pathophysiology of ASD. We investigated the role of endogenous allopregnanolone (ALLO), a neurosteroidal positive allosteric modulator of GABAA receptors, in the regulation of ASD-like behavior in male mice using SKF105111 (SKF), an inhibitor of type I and type II 5α-reductase, a rate-limiting enzyme of ALLO biosynthesis...
July 22, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741626/dopamine-and-stress-system-modulation-of-sex-differences-in-decision-making
#20
Polymnia Georgiou, Panos Zanos, Shambhu Bhat, J Kathleen Tracy, Istvan J Merchenthaler, Margaret M McCarthy, Todd D Gould
Maladaptive decision making is associated with several neuropsychiatric disorders, including problem gambling and suicidal behavior. The prevalence of these disorders is higher in men versus women, suggesting gender-dependent regulation of their pathophysiology underpinnings. We assessed sex differences in decision making using the rat version of the Iowa gambling task. Female rats identified the most optimal choice from session 1, while male rats from session 5. Male, but not female rats, progressively improved their advantageous option responding and surpassed females...
July 25, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
keyword
keyword
62444
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"