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salt tolerance

Jian-Ping An, Ji-Fang Yao, Rui-Rui Xu, Chun-Xiang You, Xiao-Fei Wang, Yu-Jin Hao
It is known that ethylene signaling is involved in the regulation of salt stress response. However, the molecular mechanism on ethylene-regulated salt stress tolerance remains largely unclear. In this study, an apple NAC (NAM ATAF CUC) transcription factor, MdNAC047, was isolated and functionally characterized to be involved in ethylene-modulated salt tolerance. MdNAC047 gene was significantly induced by salt treatment and its overexpression conferred increased tolerance to salt stress and facilitated the release of ethylene...
March 12, 2018: Physiologia Plantarum
Mohammad Akbari, Nasser Mahna, Katam Ramesh, Ali Bandehagh, Silvia Mazzuca
Pistachio, one of the important tree nuts, is cultivated in arid and semi-arid regions where salinity is the most common abiotic stress encountered by this tree. However, the mechanisms underlying salinity tolerance in this plant are not well understood. In the present study, five 1-year-old pistachio rootstocks (namely Akbari, Badami, Ghazvini, Kale-Ghouchi, and UCB-1) were treated with four saline water regimes (control, 8, 12, and 16 dS m-1 ) for 100 days. At high salinity level, all rootstocks showed decreased relative water content (RWC), total chlorophyll content (TCHC), and carotenoids in the leaf, while ascorbic acid (AsA) and total soluble proteins (TSP) were reduced in both leaf and root organs...
March 12, 2018: Protoplasma
Yang Jiao, Zhenzi Bai, Jingyu Xu, Mingli Zhao, Yaseen Khan, Yongjun Hu, Lianxuan Shi
Wild soybean (Glycine soja) is an excellent germplasm resource and has strong resistance and wide adaptability to different environments. Hence, the physiology and metabolomics characteristics of wild soybean under different types of salt stress were determined to improve understanding of salt-tolerant mechanisms of wild soybean in the field. Two types of wild soybean seedlings were exposed to two different types of salt stress for 14 d. The photosynthesis of wild soybean seedling extracts were analyzed using metabolomics based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
March 5, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
V L N Brandao, X Dai, E M Paula, L G Silva, M I Marcondes, T Shenkoru, S R Poulson, A P Faciola
Camelina is a drought- and salt-tolerant oil seed, which in total ether extract (EE) contains up to 74% polyunsaturated fatty acids. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of replacing calcium salts of palm oil (Megalac, Church & Dwight Co. Inc., Princeton, NJ) with camelina seed (CS) on ruminal fermentation, digestion, and flows of fatty acids (FA) and AA in a dual-flow continuous culture system when supplemented at 5 or 8% dietary EE. Diets were randomly assigned to 8 fermentors in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design, with four 10-d experimental periods consisting of 7 d for diet adaptation and 3 d for sample collection...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Yuxuan He, Xiangdong Yang, Chong Xu, Dongquan Guo, Lu Niu, Ying Wang, Jingwen Li, Fan Yan, Qingyu Wang
Myeloblastosis (MYB) transcription factor (TF) plays a positive role in the growth and stress response of plants; however, information on the functions of MYB repressors in soybean is limited. In the present study, the gene GmMYB3a was identified and characterized as a member of the R2R3 MYB repressor family, which is induced by various abiotic stresses. To understand the functions of GmMYB3a, a transgenic soybean over-expressing GmMYB3a was obtained and the photosynthetic index under salt-alkali treatments was evaluated...
March 7, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ning Xu, Yingying Zheng, Xiaochen Wang, Terry A Krulwich, Yanhe Ma, Jun Liu
Corynebacterium glutamicum is generally regarded as a moderately salt-alkali-tolerant industrial organism. However, relatively little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying these specific adaptations. Here, we found that the Mrp1 antiporter played crucial roles in conferring both environmental Na+ -resistance and alkali-tolerance, whereas the Mrp2 antiporter was necessary in coping with high KCl stress at alkaline pH. Furthermore, the Δ mrp1mrp2 double mutant showed most severe growth retardation, and failed to grow under high salt or alkaline conditions...
March 9, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Dan Feng, Yan Xia
Covalent organic framework (COF) was explored as a novel matrix with a high desorption/ionization efficiency for direct detection of small molecules by laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LDI-TOF MS). By using COF as an LDI MS matrix, we could detect not only biological micro molecules such as amino acids and fatty acids, but also emerging environmental pollutants like bisphenol S (BPS) and pyrene. With COF as the matrix, higher desorption/ionization efficiency, and less background interference were achieved than the conventional organic matrices...
July 19, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Santosh Karki, Fengjian Shi, Jieutonne J Archer, Habiballah Sistani, Robert J Levis
The detection of lysozyme, or a mixture of lysozyme, cytochrome c, and myoglobin, from solutions with varying salt concentrations (0.1 to 250 mM NaCl) is compared using laser electrospray mass spectrometry (LEMS) and electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). Protonated protein peaks were observed up to a concentration of 250 mM NaCl in the case of LEMS. In the case of ESI-MS, a protein solution with salt concentration > 0.5 mM resulted in predominantly salt-adducted features, with suppression of the protonated protein ions...
March 8, 2018: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Mingzhe Sun, Xue Qian, Chao Chen, Shufei Cheng, Bowei Jia, Yanming Zhu, Xiaoli Sun
Receptor-like kinases (RLK) play fundamental roles in plant growth and stress responses. Compared with other RLKs, little information is provided concerning the S-locus LecRLK subfamily, which is characterized by an extracellular G-type lectin domain and an S-locus-glycop domain. Until now, the function of the G-type lectin domain is still unknown. In a previous research, we identified a Glycine soja S-locus LecRLK gene GsSRK , which conferred increased salt stress tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis . In this study, to investigate the role of the G-type lectin domain and to breed transgenic alfalfa with superior salt stress tolerance, we transformed the full-length GsSRK ( GsSRK-f ) and a truncated version of GsSRK ( GsSRK-t ) deleting the G-type lectin domain into alfalfa...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Feng Cui, Na Sui, Guangyou Duan, Yiyang Liu, Yan Han, Shanshan Liu, Shubo Wan, Guowei Li
HIGHLIGHTS Metabolites and transcripts related to plant physiology in salt stress conditions, especially to the recovery process were disclosed in peanut. Peanut ( Arachis hypogaea L.) is considered as a moderately salt-sensitive species and thus soil salinity can be a limiting factor for peanut cultivation. To gain insights into peanut plant physiology in response to salt stress and alleviation, we comprehensively characterized leaf relative electrolyte leakage (REC), photosynthesis, leaf transpiration, and metabolism of plants under salt stress and plants that were subjected to salt stress followed by salt alleviation period...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Runjun Dowarah, Ashok Kumar Verma, Neeta Agarwal, Putan Singh, Bhoj Raj Singh
The present study was aimed to develop an effective probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from piglet feces and in vitro characterization of probiotic properties. To confirm host-species specificity of probiotics, the efficacy of isolated LAB on growth, nutrient utilization, health and antioxidant status was observed in early weaned piglets. A total of 30 LAB were isolated from feces of five healthy piglets (28d old). All isolates were Gram positive, cocco-bacilli and catalase negative. Out of thirty LAB isolates, twenty were shortlisted on the basis of their tolerance to pH (3...
2018: PloS One
Khaled M Hazzouri, Basel Khraiwesh, Khaled M A Amiri, Duke Pauli, Tom Blake, Mohammad Shahid, Sangeeta K Mullath, David Nelson, Alain L Mansour, Kourosh Salehi-Ashtiani, Michael Purugganan, Khaled Masmoudi
Sodium (Na+ ) accumulation in the cytosol will result in ion homeostasis imbalance and toxicity of transpiring leaves. Studies of salinity tolerance in the diploid wheat ancestor Triticum monococcum showed that HKT1;5 -like gene was a major gene in the QTL for salt tolerance, named Nax2 . In the present study, we were interested in investigating the molecular mechanisms underpinning the role of the HKT1;5 gene in salt tolerance in barley ( Hordeum vulgare ). A USDA mini-core collection of 2,671 barley lines, part of a field trial was screened for salinity tolerance, and a Genome Wide Association Study (GWAS) was performed...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Ali Ahsan Bajwa, Muhammad Farooq, Ahmad Nawaz
Salt stress impedes the productivity of wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) in many parts of the world. This study evaluated the potential role of benzyl aminopurine (BAP) and sorghum water extract (SWE) in improving the wheat performance under saline conditions. Seeds were primed with BAP (5 mg L-1 ), SWE (5% v/v), BAP + SWE, and distilled water (hydropriming). Soil filled pots maintained at the soil salinity levels of 4 and 10 dS m-1 were used for the sowing of primed and non-primed seeds. Salt stress suppressed the wheat growth; seed priming treatments significantly improved the wheat growth under optimal and suboptimal conditions...
March 2018: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
Jian Zheng, Xiaohua Ma, Xule Zhang, Qingdi Hu, Renjuan Qian
Salt stress is a critical factor that affects the growth and development of plants. Salicylic acid (SA) is an important signal molecule that mitigates the negative effects of salt stress on plants. To elucidate salt tolerance in large pink Dianthus superbus L. (Caryophyllaceae) and the regulatory mechanism of exogenous SA on D. superbus under different salt stresses, we conducted a pot experiment to evaluate leaf biomass, leaf anatomy, soluble protein and sugar content, and the relative expression of salt-induced genes in D...
March 2018: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
Matthew S Dowling, Wenhua Jiao, Jie Hou, Yuchun Jiang, Shangsheng Gong
A straightforward method for preparing 3,6-disubstituted-1,2,4-triazines through a redox-efficient cyclodehydration of β-keto-N-acylsulfonamides with hydrazine salts is described. Two approaches for synthesizing the requisite β-keto-N-acylsulfonamides are presented, which allow for the late stage incorporation of either the C3 or C6 substituent in a flexible manner from acid chlorides or α-bromoketones, respectively. The scope of this methodology includes primary and secondary sp3-linked substituents at both the C3 and C6 positions, and the mild reaction conditions tolerate a variety of sensitive functionality...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Bo Jiang, Xiao-Tong Zhu, Tian-Shu Zhang, Qi Zhao, Pei-Jun Cai, Wen-Juan Hao, Shu-Jiang Tu
A new sulfinate salt-mediated radical relay for the completion of C(sp3)-H bond indenylation of cyclic ethers with readily available 2-alkynylbenzonitriles by combining silver/tert-butyl peroxide (TBHP) was established, providing a wide range of 3-alkylated 1-indenones with generally good yields. Interestingly, the current reaction system can tolerate two different S-centered radical and C-centered radical in a one pot, in which S-centered radical promoted the formation C-centered radical to induce the radical cascades without disturbing the reaction process...
March 7, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Shaghayegh Nasr, Mona Mohammadimehr, Marzieh Geranpayeh Vaghei, Mohammad Ali Amoozegar, Seyed Abolhassan Shahzadeh Fazeli
A new ascomycetous black yeast-like species was recovered from healthy plant (Avicennia marina) of Hara protected mangrove forests at Qeshm Island, Iran. Morphological, physiological analysis as well as a molecular analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and partial large ribosomal subunit (D1/D2 domains) confirmed the placement of this strain in the genus Aureobasidium and based on considerable sequence divergence, distinguishable cardinal growth temperatures and salt tolerance a new species Aureobasidium mangrovei sp...
March 6, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Neelam Soda, Brijesh K Gupta, Khalid Anwar, Ashutosh Sharan, Govindjee, Sneh L Singla-Pareek, Ashwani Pareek
Cytoskeleton plays a vital role in stress tolerance; however, involvement of intermediate filaments (IFs) in such a response remains elusive in crop plants. This study provides clear evidence about the unique involvement of IFs in cellular protection against abiotic stress in rice. Transcript abundance of Oryza sativa intermediate filament (OsIF) encoding gene showed 2-10 fold up-regulation under different abiotic stress. Overexpression of OsIF in transgenic rice enhanced tolerance to salinity and heat stress, while its knock-down (KD) rendered plants more sensitive thereby indicating the role of IFs in promoting survival under stress...
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Cene Gostinčar, Nina Gunde-Cimerman
Exposure of microorganisms to stress, including to high concentrations of salt, can lead to increased production of reactive oxygen species in the cell. To limit the resulting damage, cells have evolved a variety of antioxidant defenses. The role of these defenses in halotolerance has been proposed before. Whole genome sequencing for some of the most halotolerant and halophilic fungal species has enabled us to investigate the possible links between oxidative and salt stress tolerance on the genomic level. We identified genes involved in oxidative stress response in the halophilic basidiomycete Wallemia ichthyophaga , and halotolerant ascomycetous black yeasts Hortaea werneckii and Aureobasidium pullulans , and compared them to genes from 16 other fungi, both asco- and basidiomycetes...
March 6, 2018: Genes
Kayla D Coldsnow, Rick A Relyea
Humans are altering environments by destroying habitats, introducing species, and releasing pollution. One emergent pollutant is the salinization of freshwater habitats from road deicing salts. Government agencies have set thresholds to protect freshwater ecosystems, yet many exceed these values. The present study investigated the tolerance of Asian clams (Corbicula fluminea), a common invasive bivalve, to the common road salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) and two alternatives (magnesium chloride, MgCl2 ; calcium chloride, CaCl2 )...
March 6, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
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