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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350225/visible-light-induced-multicomponent-cascade-cycloaddition-involving-n-propargyl-aromatic-amines-diaryliodonium-salts-and-sulfur-dioxide-rapid-access-to-3-arylsulfonylquinolines
#1
Deli Sun, Kun Yin, Ronghua Zhang
A visible-light-induced, Eosin Y catalyzed three-component synthesis of 3-arylsulfonylquinoline derivatives through N-propargyl aromatic amines, diaryliodonium salts and sulfur dioxide has been discovered. This transformation represents an efficient and attractive method for the straightforward synthesis of 3-arylsulfonylquinoline derivatives via the formation of C-S bonds and quinolines in one step. In addition, it exhibits good substrate scope and functional group tolerance. The use of easy-to-handle diaryliodonium salts, sulfur dioxide sources and the cheap photocatalyst Eosin Y together with facile operation at room temperature makes this protocol very practical...
January 19, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347912/genome-wide-analysis-of-the-potato-hsp20-gene-family-identification-genomic-organization-and-expression-profiles-in-response-to-heat-stress
#2
Peng Zhao, Dongdong Wang, Ruoqiu Wang, Nana Kong, Chao Zhang, Chenghui Yang, Wentao Wu, Haoli Ma, Qin Chen
BACKGROUND: Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are essential components in plant tolerance mechanism under various abiotic stresses. Hsp20 is the major family of heat shock proteins, but little of Hsp20 family is known in potato (Solanum tuberosum), which is an important vegetable crop that is thermosensitive. RESULTS: To reveal the mechanisms of potato Hsp20s coping with abiotic stresses, analyses of the potato Hsp20 gene family were conducted using bioinformatics-based methods...
January 18, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345307/competitive-ability-stress-tolerance-and-plant-interactions-along-stress-gradients
#3
Man Qi, Tao Sun, SuFeng Xue, Wei Yang, DongDong Shao, Javier Martínez-López
Exceptions to the generality of the stress-gradient hypothesis (SGH) may be reconciled by considering species-specific traits and stress tolerance strategies. Studies have tested stress tolerance and competitive ability in mediating interaction outcomes, but few have incorporated this to predict how species interactions shift between competition and facilitation along stress gradients. We used field surveys, salt tolerance and competition experiments to develop a predictive model interspecific interaction shifts across salinity stress gradients...
January 18, 2018: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344914/high-lithium-tolerance-of-apocynum-venetum-seeds-during-germination
#4
Li Jiang, Lei Wang, Chang-Yan Tian
Identification and use of lithium (Li) accumulator plants is a promising strategy to remediate Li-contaminated soil. Apocynum venetum is reported as a Li accumulator. However, its tolerance to Li salt during germination is still unknown. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of two Li salts on seed germination of A. venetum. At the same concentrations, germination percentages in LiCl solution were higher than that in Li2CO3 solution. At 25 °C, seeds germinated to 4-90% at 0-400 mmol L-1 LiCl and 3-91% at 0-150 mmol L-1 Li2CO3...
January 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342282/membrane-fluxes-bypass-flows-and-sodium-stress-in-rice-the-influence-of-silicon
#5
Rubens Flam-Shepherd, Wayne Q Huynh, Devrim Coskun, Ahmed M Hamam, Dev T Britto, Herbert J Kronzucker
Provision of silicon (Si) to roots of rice (Oryza sativa L.) can alleviate salt stress by blocking apoplastic, transpirational bypass flow of Na+ from root to shoot. However, little is known about how Si affects Na+ fluxes across cell membranes. Here, we measured radiotracer fluxes of 24Na+, plasma membrane depolarization, tissue ion accumulation, and transpirational bypass flow, to examine the influence of Si on Na+ transport patterns in hydroponically grown, salt-sensitive (cv. IR29) and salt-tolerant (cv...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342194/tolerance-to-mild-salinity-stress-in-japonica-rice-a-genome-wide-association-mapping-study-highlights-calcium-signaling-and-metabolism-genes
#6
Julien Frouin, Antoine Languillaume, Justine Mas, Delphine Mieulet, Arnaud Boisnard, Axel Labeyrie, Mathilde Bettembourg, Charlotte Bureau, Eve Lorenzini, Muriel Portefaix, Patricia Turquay, Aurore Vernet, Christophe Périn, Nourollah Ahmadi, Brigitte Courtois
Salinity tolerance is an important quality for European rice grown in river deltas. We evaluated the salinity tolerance of a panel of 235 temperate japonica rice accessions genotyped with 30,000 SNP markers. The panel was exposed to mild salt stress (50 mM NaCl; conductivity of 6 dS m-1) at the seedling stage. Eight different root and shoot growth parameters were measured for both the control and stressed treatments. The Na+ and K+ mass fractions of the stressed plants were measured using atomic absorption spectroscopy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338040/identification-and-expression-analyses-of-wrky-genes-reveal-their-involvement-in-growth-and-abiotic-stress-response-in-watermelon-citrullus-lanatus
#7
Xiaozhen Yang, Hao Li, Yongchao Yang, Yongqi Wang, Yanling Mo, Ruimin Zhang, Yong Zhang, Jianxiang Ma, Chunhua Wei, Xian Zhang
Despite identification of WRKY family genes in numerous plant species, a little is known about WRKY genes in watermelon, one of the most economically important fruit crops around the world. Here, we identified a total of 63 putative WRKY genes in watermelon and classified them into three major groups (I-III) and five subgroups (IIa-IIe) in group II. The structure analysis indicated that ClWRKYs with different WRKY domains or motifs may play different roles by regulating respective target genes. The expressions of ClWRKYs in different tissues indicate that they are involved in various tissue growth and development...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335788/over-expression-of-a-grafting-responsive-gene-from-hickory-increases-abiotic-stress-tolerance-in-arabidopsis
#8
R M Saravana Kumar, Guocun Ji, Haipeng Guo, Liang Zhao, Bingsong Zheng
A grafting response gene CcPIP1;2 was cloned from hickory plant, further functional characterization of the gene for water transport activity and abiotic stress tolerances were carried out through heterologous expression in Xenopus and Arabidopsis. Plasma membrane intrinsic proteins (PIPs) are multifunctional channel proteins belonging to the membrane intrinsic protein (MIP) family. In this study, a grafting-responsive gene from hickory (CcPIP1;2) was cloned and functionally characterized. Application of non-selective water inhibitors (HgCl2 and phloretin) led to the death of grafted hickory plants at 30 days after grafting (DAG)...
January 15, 2018: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335785/heterologous-expression-of-rice-9-cis-epoxycarotenoid-dioxygenase-4-osnced4-in-arabidopsis-confers-sugar-oversensitivity-and-drought-tolerance
#9
San-Gwang Hwang, Chia-Yun Lee, Ching-Shan Tseng
BACKGROUND: The 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenases OsNCED4 was cloned from rice in conjunction with OsNCED 1-3 and 5, of which 3 has been shown to function in ABA biosynthesis and alteration of leaf morphology. In higher plants, NCEDs have been shown to be key enzymes controlling ABA biosynthesis and belong to a differentially expressed gene family. Aside from OsNCED3, it remains largely unknown if other OsNCED genes are involved in ABA biosynthesis in rice. Thus, transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing OsNCED4 were generated in the 129B08/nced3 mutant background to explore OsNCED4 function in ABA biosynthesis...
January 15, 2018: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331925/overexpression-of-chrysanthemum-lavandulifolium-clcbf1-in-chrysanthemum-morifolium-white-snow-improves-the-level-of-salinity-and-drought-tolerance
#10
Wenjie Gao, Miao He, Jie Liu, Xin Ma, Yu Zhang, Silan Dai, Yunwei Zhou
This paper reports the first study on plant CBF transcription factors (TF) in salt and drought stress responses in Chrysanthemum lavandulifolium. A CBF homolog gene, named as ClCBF1, from C. lavandulifolium was isolated using rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The deduced peptide is comprised of 210 amino acids (AA) containing an AP2 structural domain characteristic of the AP2 gene family. Quantitative real-time PCR revealed that ClCBF1 gene exhibit differential expression patterns across root, leaf and stem tissues, and it was strongly induced under salt and drought treatments of C...
January 8, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331610/pseudomonas-putida-modulates-the-expression-of-mirnas-and-their-target-genes-in-response-to-drought-and-salt-stresses-in-chickpea-cicer-arietinum-l
#11
Ram Jatan, Puneet Singh Chauhan, Charu Lata
MicroRNAs are small non-coding regulatory RNA molecules that play an important role in the modulation of gene expression during various environmental stresses. Pseudomonas putida RA, a plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) colonizes the root surface of plants improving their growth and development during abiotic stresses modulating the expression of stress-responsive genes; however, the impact of RA on stress responsive-miRNA remains elusive. The present study was an attempt to delineate the role of PGPR in modulating stress responsive-miRNAs in a tolerant desi chickpea genotype exposed to drought and salt stresses...
January 10, 2018: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330692/a-new-method-for-the-in-vitro-determination-of-the-bile-tolerance-of-potentially-probiotic-lactobacilli
#12
Peng-Li Hu, Ya-Hong Yuan, Tian-Li Yue, Chun-Feng Guo
A new in vitro method was developed to determine the bile tolerance of potentially probiotic lactobacilli. The overnight culture of various lactobacilli strains was inoculated into sterile, half-strength MRS broth supplemented with and without 0.3% (wt/vol) oxgall, buffered with 0.1 M sodium phosphate buffer at a final pH of 7.3, and incubated at 37 °C for 12 h under anaerobic conditions. The bile tolerance ability of the lactobacilli strains was expressed as the percentage of the propagation generations of the bacterial cells in the presence of oxgall to those in the absence of oxgall...
January 12, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330361/discovery-of-microrna-target-modules-of-african-rice-oryza-glaberrima-under-salinity-stress
#13
Tapan Kumar Mondal, Alok Kumar Panda, Hukam C Rawal, Tilak Raj Sharma
Oryza glaberrima is the second edible rice in the genus Oryza. It is grown in the African countries. miRNAs are regulatory molecules that are involved in every domains of gene expression including salinity stress response. Although several miRNAs have been reported from various species of Oryza, yet none of them are from this species. Salt treated (200 mM NaCl for 48 h) and control smallRNA libraries of RAM-100, a salt tolerant genotype, each with 2 replications generated 150 conserve and 348 novel miRNAs...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329278/t-dna-tagging-based-gain-of-function-of-oshkt1-4-reinforces-na-exclusion-from-leaves-and-stems-but-triggers-na-toxicity-in-roots-of-rice-under-salt-stress
#14
Yuuka Oda, Natsuko I Kobayashi, Keitaro Tanoi, Jian Feng Ma, Yukiko Itou, Maki Katsuhara, Takashi Itou, Tomoaki Horie
The high affinity K⁺ transporter 1;4 (HKT1;4) in rice (Oryza sativa), which shows Na⁺ selective transport with little K⁺ transport activity, has been suggested to be involved in reducing Na in leaves and stems under salt stress. However, detailed physiological roles of OsHKT1;4 remain unknown. Here, we have characterized a transfer DNA (T-DNA) insertion mutant line of rice, which overexpresses OsHKT1;4, owing to enhancer elements in the T-DNA, to gain an insight into the impact of OsHKT1;4 on salt tolerance of rice...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327930/synthesis-of-cyclic-enones-by-allyl-palladium-catalyzed-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-dehydrogenation
#15
David Huang, Yizhou Zhao, Timothy R Newhouse
The use of allyl-palladium catalysis for the one-step α,β-dehydrogenation of ketones via their zinc enolates is reported. The optimized protocol utilizes commercially available Zn(TMP)2 as base and diethyl allyl phosphate as oxidant. Notably, this transformation operates under salt-free conditions and tolerates a diverse scope of cycloalkanones.
January 12, 2018: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325872/structure-and-function-of-a-highly-active-bile-salt-hydrolase-bsh-from-enterococcus-faecalis-and-post-translational-processing-of-bsh-enzymes
#16
Deepak Chand, Priyabrata Panigrahi, Nishant Kumar Varshney, Sureshkumar Ramasamy, C G Suresh
Bile Salt Hydrolase (BSH), a member of Cholylglycine hydrolase family, catalyses the de-conjugation of bile acids and is evolutionarily related to penicillin V acylase (PVA) that hydrolyses a different substrate such as penicillin V. We report the three-dimensional structure of a BSH enzyme from the Gram-positive bacteria Enterococcus faecalis (EfBSH) which has manifold higher hydrolase activity compared to other known BSHs and displays unique allosteric catalytic property. The structural analysis revealed reduced secondary structure content compared to other known BSH structures, particularly devoid of an anti-parallel β-sheet in the assembly loop and part of a β-strand is converted to increase the length of a substrate binding loop 2...
January 8, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324287/expression-of-heterologous-transporters-in-saccharomyces-kudriavzevii-a-strategy-for-improving-yeast-salt-tolerance-and-fermentation-performance
#17
Hana Dibalova-Culakova, Javier Alonso-Del-Real, Amparo Querol, Hana Sychrova
S. kudriavzevii has potential for fermentations and other biotechnological applications, but is sensitive to many types of stress. We tried to increase its tolerance and performance via the expression of various transporters from different yeast species. Whereas the overexpression of Z. rouxii fructose uptake systems (ZrFfz1 and ZrFsy1) or a glycerol importer (ZrStl1) did not improve the ability of S. kudriavzevii to consume fructose and survive osmotic stress, the expression of alkali-metal-cation exporters (ScEna1, ScNha1, YlNha2) improved S...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322303/salt-tolerance-of-two-perennial-grass-brachypodium-sylvaticum-accessions
#18
Nir Sade, Maria Del Mar Rubio Wilhelmi, Xiaojuan Ke, Yariv Brotman, Matthew Wright, Imran Khan, Wagner De Souza, Elias Bassil, Christian M Tobias, Roger Thilmony, John P Vogel, Eduardo Blumwald
We studied the salt stress tolerance of two accessions isolated from different areas of the world (Norway and Tunisia) and characterized the mechanism(s) regulating salt stress in Brachypodium sylvaticum Osl1 and Ain1. Perennial grasses are widely grown in different parts of the world as an important feedstock for renewable energy. Their perennial nature that reduces management practices and use of energy and agrochemicals give these biomass crops advantages when dealing with modern agriculture challenges such as soil erosion, increase in salinized marginal lands and the runoff of nutrients...
January 10, 2018: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319512/comparison-of-microbial-communities-associated-with-halophyte-salsola-stocksii-and-non-halophyte-triticum-aestivum-using-culture-independent-approaches
#19
Salma Mukhtar, Ayesha Ishaq, Sara Hassan, Samina Mehnaz, Muhammad S Mirza, Kauser A Malik
Halophyte microbiome contributes significantly to plant performance and can provide information regarding complex ecological processes involved in osmoregulation of these plants. The objective of this study is to investigate the microbiomes associated with belowground (rhizosphere), internal (endosphere) and aboveground (phyllosphere) tissues of halophyte (Salsola stocksii) through metagenomics approach. Plant samples were collected from Khewra Salt Mines. The metagenomic DNA from soil, root and shoot samples was isolated with the help of FastDNA spin kit...
September 27, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316629/increase-of-salt-tolerance-in-carbon-starved-cells-of-rhodopseudomonas-palustris-depending-on-photosynthesis-or-respiration
#20
Sawa Wasai, Nanako Kanno, Katsumi Matsuura, Shin Haruta
Bacteria in natural environments are frequently exposed to nutrient starvation and survive against environmental stresses under non-growing conditions. In order to determine the energetic influence on survivability during starvation, changes in salt tolerance were investigated using the purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris after carbon starvation under photosynthetic conditions in comparison with anaerobic and aerobic dark conditions. Tolerance to a treatment with high concentration of salt (2...
January 6, 2018: Microorganisms
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