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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750625/trends-and-characteristics-of-pediatric-dentistry-patients-treated-under-general-anesthesia
#1
Maxwell N Rudie, Michael M Milano, Michael W Roberts, Kimon Divaris
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to describe the demographic characteristics of pediatric dentistry patients undergoing dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia (DRGA) at UNC-Chapel Hill during the last 13 years and identify factors associated with multiple (1 versus 2 or more) DRGA visits during that timeframe. STUDY DESIGN: Administrative claims data were used to identify children and adolescents (age <18 years) who underwent DRGA between 1/1/2002 and 12/31/2014 at the UNC Hospitals system...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738623/compartmentalized-medicine-generalized-dentistry-and-care-for-individuals-with-specials-needs
#2
EDITORIAL
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman, Rick Rader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724987/platelet-rich-plasma-prp-rinses-for-the-treatment-of-non-responding-oral-lichen-planus-a-case-report
#3
Elisabetta Merigo, Aldo Oppici, Anna Parlatore, Luigi Cella, Fabio Clini, Matteo Fontana, Carlo Fornaini
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been proposed for different applications in the medical field and in maxillofacial surgery thanks to its many growth factors, such as epidermal growth factor (EGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF). Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a disease that affects the oral mucosa in a chronic way. This disease frequently worsens the quality of life of patients, particularly when clinical manifestations are of the erythematous or erosive/ulcerative type. The properties of PRP that are supported by scientific literature in both oral medicine and other medical fields have suggested the introduction of PRP in clinical practice for the medical treatment of different soft tissues diseases, such as when OLP patients do not respond to conventional therapies, or when conventional treatments have some contraindications or side effects...
February 6, 2018: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719402/compounding-medications-in-a-rural-setting-an-interprofessional-perspective
#4
Selina Taylor, Catherine Hays, Beverley Glass
Background: Interprofessional learning (IPL) which focuses on the pharmacist's role in specialty practices as part of a multidisciplinary health care team has not been explored. This study aimed to determine health care students' understanding of the role of the pharmacist in compounding medications to optimize health outcomes for patients in rural and remote health care services. Methods: Four workshops followed by focus group interviews were conducted with undergraduate pharmacy, medical, nursing, physiotherapy, dentistry, Aboriginal public health, and speech pathology students (n=15)...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670726/decayed-missing-and-restored-teeth-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#5
Reinhard E Friedrich, Anika Reul
Background: NF1 is a relatively frequently occurring autosomal dominant inherited disease. There are conflicting reports about oral health status in NF1. The aim of this study was to analyze the dental status of patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Material and Methods: Radiographs of 179 patients with NF1 were analyzed for decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) in a cross-sectional, retrospective study. The results were compared to age- and sex-matched controls of individuals not affected by NF1...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627211/intraoral-scan-bodies-in-implant-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Ryan M Mizumoto, Burak Yilmaz
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Intraoral scan body (ISB) design is highly variable and its role in the digital workflow and accuracy of digital impressions is not well understood. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the relevant reports pertaining to ISBs with regard to design and accuracy and to describe their evolution and role in the digital dentistry workflow. Special attention was placed on their key features in relation to intraoral scanning technology and the digitization process...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607853/evaluation-of-oral-health-status-and-influential-factors-in-children-with-autism
#7
S Onol, Z Kırzıoğlu
Aims: The aim of the present study was to comparatively analyze oral health status and influential factors in children with autism living in the Western Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Subjects and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two steps: 1 - questionnaire and 2 - interview. This study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey, within the period from March to July 2016...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578417/relationship-between-general-health-oral-health-and-healthy-lifestyle-in-elderly-population-review
#8
S Puturidze, M Margvelashvili, L Bilder, M Kalandadze, V Margvelashvili
This literature review aims to investigate how a poor oral health impacts on general health and healthy lifestyle of elderly people. The literature review was performed using ScienceDirect, Scopus and PubMed databases to identify relevant published studies. The year of publication was limited to over the past 5 years and the language was limited to English. Having considered the relevant articles' abstracts the 36 articles were selected. Systematical literature revision shows that recently, the older population has increased worldwide and it is being predicted to keep growing in near future...
February 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566048/competency-model-for-dentists-in-china-results-of-a-delphi-study
#9
Yunxia Geng, Liying Zhao, Yu Wang, Yiyuan Jiang, Kai Meng, Dongxiang Zheng
OBJECTIVE: With the increasing awareness of the importance of oral health, patients have an increasing need for integrated care from dentists. In China, the dentistry examination consists of two parts: a practical skills examination and a comprehensive medical examination; to date, no assessment methods that are based on specialized dentistry competencies, unlike the United States, Canada, and other countries, have been established. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to construct a competency model for dentists in China in order to guide the development, admission, training and assessment of dentists...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509521/practice-patterns-of-dentist-anesthesiologists-in-north-america
#10
Andrew S Young, Michael W Fischer, Nicholas S Lang, Matthew R Cooke
This study provides trends in the discipline of dental anesthesiology. A questionnaire-based survey was sent to 338 members of the American Society of Dentist Anesthesiologists to evaluate practice patterns. One focus of the study was modality of sedation/anesthesia used for dentistry in North America. Age, gender, years in practice, and geographic region of practice were also obtained. Data gathered from the returned questionnaires were entered into an Excel spreadsheet and then imported into JMP Statistical Discovery Software (v12...
2018: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422477/parental-presence-absence-in-the-dental-operatory-as-a-behavior-management-technique-a-review-and-modified-view
#11
Hicham Riba, Asma Al-Shahrani, Hayat Al-Ghutaimel, Adel Al-Otaibi, Salim Al-Kahtani
INTRODUCTION: Parental presence/absence in the dental operatory (also called: Parent-in-parent-out technique) is an extremely controversial aspect of the nonpharmacological BMTs. Historically, dentists used to exclude parents from dental operatory to avoid their interference with the dentist's aptitude to build a rapport and relationship with the child, hence increasing the child management problems by disrupting treatment and making the dentist unfocused and uncomfortable. AIM: The purpose of this article is to review and emphasize on the importance of parental presence/absence in the dental operatory, especially in a certain age group, as a behavior management technique (BMT) in pediatric dentistry, and to present a modified view of this technique...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371175/integrated-decentralized-training-for-health-professions-education-at-the-university-of-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-protocol-for-the-i-dect-project
#12
Pragashnie Govender, Verusia Chetty, Deshini Naidoo, Ntsikelelo Pefile
BACKGROUND: The Integrated Decentralized Training (i-DecT) project was created to address the current need for health care in South Africa among resource poor climates in rural and periurban settings. The University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) in South Africa has embarked on a program within the School of Health Sciences (SHS) to decentralize the clinical learning platform in order to address this disparity. Framed in a pragmatic stance, this proposal is geared towards informing the roll out of decentralized clinical training (DCT) within the province of KwaZulu-Natal...
January 25, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326814/paediatric-dentistry-novel-evolvement
#13
REVIEW
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316616/revitalising-silver-nitrate-for-caries-management
#14
REVIEW
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Irene Shuping Zhao, Steve Duffin, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Silver nitrate has been adopted for medical use as a disinfectant for eye disease and burned wounds. In dentistry, it is an active ingredient of Howe's solution used to prevent and arrest dental caries. While medical use of silver nitrate as a disinfectant became subsidiary with the discovery of antibiotics, its use in caries treatment also diminished with the use of fluoride in caries prevention. Since then, fluoride agents, particularly sodium fluoride, have gained popularity in caries prevention. However, caries is an infection caused by cariogenic bacteria, which demineralise enamel and dentine...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284955/knowledge-and-attitude-of-dental-surgeons-about-ocular-complications-due-to-dental-infection
#15
Prahalad Hunsigi, Vinod Kumar, M R Pradeep, B C Arun Kumar
Background: Ocular complications such as ophthalmia, defective vision, orbital cellulitis, and blindness (temporary or permanent) are rare complications due to dental infection. Currently, there is lack of guidelines in preventing and managing ocular problems. Hence, we assessed the dentist's knowledge and attitudes about ocular complications due to dental infection. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional prospective survey selecting practicing dentists or academicians was carried out through e-mail using a standardized self-administered questionnaire...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282167/pediatric-dental-resident-s-education-on-children-with-special-health-care-needs-in-the-united-states
#16
Suher Baker, Marc Thomas
PURPOSE: To describe pediatric dental residents education as it pertains to children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN). METHODS: A web-based survey was administered to 80 program directors of pediatric dental residencies recognized by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD). The survey identified demographic data and education and training methods pertaining to CSHCN. RESULTS: Forty surveys (50 percent) were received from programs in all six AAPD regions...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188451/pediatric-cleft-palate-patients-show-a-3-to-5-fold-increase-in-cumulative-radiation-exposure-from-dental-radiology-compared-with-an-age-and-gender-matched-population-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Reinhilde Jacobs, Ruben Pauwels, William C Scarfe, Carl De Cock, Karl Dula, Guy Willems, An Verdonck, Constantinus Politis
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare estimates of pediatric cumulative exposure and lifetime attributable risk (LAR) of radiation-induced cancer from dental radiology between cleft palate (CP) subjects and age- and gender-matched controls (non-CP), with and without orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The radiation exposure frequency of CP subjects and non-CP controls with and without orthodontic treatment was compared for two-dimensional radiography (intra-oral, panoramic and cephalometric radiography), computed tomography (CT), and cone-beam CT (CBCT) using cumulative radiation dose as an estimate...
November 29, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179353/use-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-for-dental-caries-management-in-children-and-adolescents-including-those-with-special-health-care-needs
#18
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: This manuscript presents evidence-based guidance on the use of 38 percent silver diamine fluoride (SDF) for dental caries management in children and adolescents, including those with special health care needs. A guideline workgroup formed by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry developed guidance and an evidence-based recommendation regarding the application of 38 percent SDF to arrest cavitated caries lesions in primary teeth. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The basis of the guideline's recommendation is evidence from an existing systematic review "Clinical trials of silver diamine fluoride in arresting caries among children: A systematic review...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070149/use-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-for-dental-caries-management-in-children-and-adolescents-including-those-with-special-health-care-needs
#19
Yasmi O Crystal, Abdullah A Marghalani, Steven D Ureles, John Timothy Wright, Rosalyn Sulyanto, Kimon Divaris, Margherita Fontana, Laurel Graham
BACKGROUND: This manuscript presents evidence-based guidance on the use of 38 percent silver diamine fluoride (SDF) for dental caries management in children and adolescents, including those with special health care needs. A guideline workgroup formed by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry developed guidance and an evidence-based recommendation regarding the application of 38 percent SDF to arrest cavitated caries lesions in primary teeth. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The basis of the guideline's recommendation is evidence from an existing systematic review "Clinical trials of silver diamine fluoride in arresting caries among children: A systematic review...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029969/cross-year-peer-assisted-learning-using-the-inverted-flipped-classroom-design-a-pilot-study-in-dentistry
#20
Maximilian Quoß, Stefan Rüttermann, Susanne Gerhardt-Szep
BACKGROUND: The inverted classroom model (ICM) represents a special combination of online and attendance learning. The implementation of the didactic concept of "peer-assisted learning" (PAL) within an ICM design has not yet been described in the literature for the field of restorative dentistry. OBJECTIVE: It was the goal of the present study to develop an ICM offering in a cross-year PAL format (ICM-cyPAL), and then introduce and evaluate it. METHOD: The pilot project was conducted at the dental clinic at the Goethe University of Frankfurt/Main, where following its conceptual development and implementation with three consecutive cohorts of students in their first clinical semester (the sixth semester at university) the ICM-cyPAL offering was evaluated...
October 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
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