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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326814/paediatric-dentistry-novel-evolvement
#1
REVIEW
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316616/revitalising-silver-nitrate-for-caries-management
#2
REVIEW
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Irene Shuping Zhao, Steve Duffin, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Silver nitrate has been adopted for medical use as a disinfectant for eye disease and burned wounds. In dentistry, it is an active ingredient of Howe's solution used to prevent and arrest dental caries. While medical use of silver nitrate as a disinfectant became subsidiary with the discovery of antibiotics, its use in caries treatment also diminished with the use of fluoride in caries prevention. Since then, fluoride agents, particularly sodium fluoride, have gained popularity in caries prevention. However, caries is an infection caused by cariogenic bacteria, which demineralise enamel and dentine...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284955/knowledge-and-attitude-of-dental-surgeons-about-ocular-complications-due-to-dental-infection
#3
Prahalad Hunsigi, Vinod Kumar, M R Pradeep, B C Arun Kumar
Background: Ocular complications such as ophthalmia, defective vision, orbital cellulitis, and blindness (temporary or permanent) are rare complications due to dental infection. Currently, there is lack of guidelines in preventing and managing ocular problems. Hence, we assessed the dentist's knowledge and attitudes about ocular complications due to dental infection. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional prospective survey selecting practicing dentists or academicians was carried out through e-mail using a standardized self-administered questionnaire...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282167/pediatric-dental-resident-s-education-on-children-with-special-health-care-needs-in-the-united-states
#4
Suher Baker, Marc Thomas
PURPOSE: To describe pediatric dental residents education as it pertains to children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN). METHODS: A web-based survey was administered to 80 program directors of pediatric dental residencies recognized by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD). The survey identified demographic data and education and training methods pertaining to CSHCN. RESULTS: Forty surveys (50 percent) were received from programs in all six AAPD regions...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188451/pediatric-cleft-palate-patients-show-a-3-to-5-fold-increase-in-cumulative-radiation-exposure-from-dental-radiology-compared-with-an-age-and-gender-matched-population-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Reinhilde Jacobs, Ruben Pauwels, William C Scarfe, Carl De Cock, Karl Dula, Guy Willems, An Verdonck, Constantinus Politis
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare estimates of pediatric cumulative exposure and lifetime attributable risk (LAR) of radiation-induced cancer from dental radiology between cleft palate (CP) subjects and age- and gender-matched controls (non-CP), with and without orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The radiation exposure frequency of CP subjects and non-CP controls with and without orthodontic treatment was compared for two-dimensional radiography (intra-oral, panoramic and cephalometric radiography), computed tomography (CT), and cone-beam CT (CBCT) using cumulative radiation dose as an estimate...
November 29, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179353/use-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-for-dental-caries-management-in-children-and-adolescents-including-those-with-special-health-care-needs
#6
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: This manuscript presents evidence-based guidance on the use of 38 percent silver diamine fluoride (SDF) for dental caries management in children and adolescents, including those with special health care needs. A guideline workgroup formed by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry developed guidance and an evidence-based recommendation regarding the application of 38 percent SDF to arrest cavitated caries lesions in primary teeth. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The basis of the guideline's recommendation is evidence from an existing systematic review "Clinical trials of silver diamine fluoride in arresting caries among children: A systematic review...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070149/use-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-for-dental-caries-management-in-children-and-adolescents-including-those-with-special-health-care-needs
#7
Yasmi O Crystal, Abdullah A Marghalani, Steven D Ureles, John Timothy Wright, Rosalyn Sulyanto, Kimon Divaris, Margherita Fontana, Laurel Graham
BACKGROUND: This manuscript presents evidence-based guidance on the use of 38 percent silver diamine fluoride (SDF) for dental caries management in children and adolescents, including those with special health care needs. A guideline workgroup formed by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry developed guidance and an evidence-based recommendation regarding the application of 38 percent SDF to arrest cavitated caries lesions in primary teeth. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The basis of the guideline's recommendation is evidence from an existing systematic review "Clinical trials of silver diamine fluoride in arresting caries among children: A systematic review...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029969/cross-year-peer-assisted-learning-using-the-inverted-flipped-classroom-design-a-pilot-study-in-dentistry
#8
Maximilian Quoß, Stefan Rüttermann, Susanne Gerhardt-Szep
BACKGROUND: The inverted classroom model (ICM) represents a special combination of online and attendance learning. The implementation of the didactic concept of "peer-assisted learning" (PAL) within an ICM design has not yet been described in the literature for the field of restorative dentistry. OBJECTIVE: It was the goal of the present study to develop an ICM offering in a cross-year PAL format (ICM-cyPAL), and then introduce and evaluate it. METHOD: The pilot project was conducted at the dental clinic at the Goethe University of Frankfurt/Main, where following its conceptual development and implementation with three consecutive cohorts of students in their first clinical semester (the sixth semester at university) the ICM-cyPAL offering was evaluated...
October 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024268/perception-of-special-needs-dentistry-education-and-practice-amongst-australian-dental-auxiliary-students
#9
G L Borromeo, M S Ahmad, S Buckley, M Bozanic, A Cao, M Al-Dabbagh, A Athale
INTRODUCTION: The role of dental auxiliaries in collaborative care of patients with special needs is compelling. This study was undertaken to investigate the perceptions of Special Needs Dentistry (SND) education and practice amongst students enrolled in Australian programmes in dental auxiliary, namely dental hygiene, dental therapy and oral health therapy (DH/DT/OHT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All Australian institutions offering DH/DT/OHT programmes (n = 14) were invited to participate in a self-administered questionnaire survey, conducted online, involving students across all academic years...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019379/special-smiles-sports-dentistry-and-the-special-needs-athlete
#10
EDITORIAL
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman, Luc Marks, Thaddeus J Arnold
There is a need to expand dental services to underserved populations, such as athletes with intellectual and developmental disabilities. This review introduces dentists to this need by sharing the direction taken by the Special Smiles program of Special Olympics and addressing the need to educate special needs athletes on prevention and care of sports-related mouth injuries.
June 22, 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947693/-oral-healthcare-for-the-persons-with-special-needs
#11
Ichijiro Morisaki
The field of special care dentistry is rapidly gaining recognition as a service that should be provided to the persons with physical, mental or intellectual disabilities by general practitioner, pediatric or geriatric dentists as well as dental hygienists. Because the oral healthcare and dental treatments are given in the narrow space of oral cavity and also accompanying technical difficulties with high risk of injury, the special needs patients are treated under being controlled their behavior or body motion by applying psychological, physical or pharmacological techniques...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940883/development-of-a-battery-of-tests-to-measure-attitudes-and-intended-behaviours-of-dental-students-towards-people-with-disability-or-those-in-marginalised-groups
#12
D Faulks, A Dougall, G Ting, T Ari, J Nunn, C Friedman, J John, B Daly, V Roger-Leroi, J T Newton
INTRODUCTION: Recommended curricula in Special Care Dentistry (SCD) outline learning objectives that include the domain of attitudes and behaviours, but these are notoriously difficult to measure. The aims of this study were (i) to develop a test battery comprising adapted and new scales to evaluate values, attitudes and intentions of dental students towards people with disability and people in marginalised groups and (ii) to determine reliability (interitem consistency) and validity of the scales within the test battery...
September 22, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856133/pioneering-and-interprofessional-pediatric-dentistry-programs-aimed-at-reducing-oral-health-disparities
#13
Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Hamida Askaryar, Cambria Garell, Jennifer Ogren
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most chronic childhood disease and more predominant in low-income and underserved children. Although easily transmitted, ECC is entirely preventable. Dr. Ramos-Gomez and his team at the University of California, Los Angeles put together an interprofessional curriculum where both medical and dental knowledge and practice is integrated to prepare dentists and primary care providers to more cost effectively address ECC and thereby reduce disparities in oral health. The curriculum, known as the Strategic Partnership for Interprofessional Collaborative Education in Pediatric Dentistry (SPICE-PD), consists of nine evidence-based training modules: applied statistics and research, community partners, interprofessional education/training, quality improvement, policy and advocacy, disease management/risk assessment, ethics/professionalism, cultural competency and children with special heath-care needs...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714836/the-importance-of-the-evaluation-of-expectations-and-perceptions-to-improve-the-dental-service-quality
#14
Juliana Rocha, Andres Pinto, Marilia Batista, Janice Simpson de Paula, Glaucia Ambrosano
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the use of SERVQUAL to assess service quality in Dentistry, by evaluating patients' expectations and perceptions of dental care and their association to patients' sociodemographic data. Design/methodology/approach The sample constituted of 379 subjects in the first assessment and 155 in the second phase. All employees of the companies that were clients of the dental insurance participated, a total of four companies in two states (São Paulo and Minas Gerais) of Brazil...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688182/analysis-of-the-adverse-events-reported-to-the-office-of-the-clinical-director-at-a-dental-school-in-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#15
María F Huertas, Juliana Gonzalez, Sandra Camacho, Ana L Sarralde, Adriana Rodríguez
Dentistry is interested in identifying and controlling adverse events, understood as involuntary injuries to the patient during dental care. The aim of this study was to analyze the adverse events reported to the Office of the Clinical Director at the School of Dentistry at Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (Colombia) during 2011-2012. It was an observational, descriptive study that evaluated 227 dental clinical records of patients who filed a complaint with the Office of the Clinical Director. Of these, 43 were adverse events and were used as the basis for this study...
April 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567142/clinical-analysis-of-analgesics-and-steroids-use-for-extraction-of-teeth-in-patients-with-intellectual-disability-under-general-anesthesia
#16
Shigeru Maeda, Yuka Honda, Hiroshi Tanimura, Yumiko Tomoyasu, Hitoshi Higuchi, Naomichi Murata, Masahiko Egusa, Takuya Miyawaki
BACKGROUND: The extraction of lower wisdom teeth is often performed under general anesthesia in patients with intellectual disabilities. However, the choice of analgesics has not yet been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the use of analgesics during general anesthesia for extraction including lower wisdom teeth in patients with intellectual disabilities. METHODS: This research is a retrospective observational study. The study population was composed of all patients presenting for extraction of lower wisdom teeth under ambulatory general anesthesia in the clinic of Special Needs Dentistry in Okayama University Hospital from April 2011 to March 2016...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561922/master-in-oral-biology-program-a-path-to-addressing-the-need-for-future-dental-educators
#17
Margaret A Jergenson, Laura C Barritt, Barbara J O'Kane, Neil S Norton
In dental education, the anatomical sciences, which include gross anatomy, histology, embryology, and neuroanatomy, encompass an important component of the basic science curriculum. At Creighton University School of Dentistry, strength in anatomic science education has been coupled with a solid applicant pool to develop a novel Master of Science in Oral Biology, Anatomic Sciences track degree program. The program provides a heavy emphasis on developing teaching skills in predoctoral students as well as exposure to research processes to encourage the cohort to pursuing a career in academic dentistry...
November 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469925/periodontal-profile-and-radiographic-characterization-of-the-jaws-in-a-patient-with-autosomal-dominant-osteopetrosis
#18
Davi da Silva Barbirato, Mariana Fampa Fogacci, Mariana Arruda, Monique Oliveira Rodrigues, Leonardo Vieira Neto
Osteopetrosis (OP) comprehends a rare group of conditions, presenting on radiographs increased bone density, deriving from irregularities in osteoclast differentiation or function. In the autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (ADO), some patients stay asymptomatic for some time, or only develop mild symptoms. The dental surgeon is often the first to presuppose the disease during routine imaging examinations, referring the patient to a specialized medical group. Furthermore, osteomyelitis is one of the major OP complications, and should be refrained through frequent dental monitoring...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#19
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394546/occupational-contact-dermatitis-amongst-dentists-and-dental-technicians
#20
REVIEW
Liborija Lugović-Mihić, Iva Ferček, Tomislav Duvančić, Vedrana Bulat, Josip Ježovita, Gaby Novak-Bilić, Mirna Šitum
Since the working medical personnel including dentists and dental technicians mainly use their hands, it is understandable that the most common occupational disease amongst medical personnel is contact dermatitis (CD) (80%-90% of cases). Development of occupational CD is caused by contact of the skin with various substances in occupational environment. Occupational etiologic factors for dental personnel are foremost reactions to gloves containing latex, followed by various dental materials (e.g., metals, acrylates), detergents, lubricants, solvents, chemicals, etc...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
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