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Special needs dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905673/single-versus-multiple-visits-for-endodontic-treatment-of-permanent-teeth
#1
REVIEW
Maddalena Manfredi, Lara Figini, Massimo Gagliani, Giovanni Lodi
BACKGROUND: Root canal treatment (RoCT), or endodontic treatment, is a common procedure in dentistry. The main indications for RoCT are irreversible pulpitis and necrosis of the dental pulp caused by carious processes, tooth cracks or chips, or dental trauma. Successful RoCT is characterised by an absence of symptoms (i.e. pain) and clinical signs (i.e. swelling and sinus tract) in teeth without radiographic evidence of periodontal involvement (i.e. normal periodontal ligament). The success of RoCT depends on a number of variables related to the preoperative condition of the tooth, as well as the endodontic procedures...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871192/specialised-dental-care-for-children-with-complex-disabilities-focusing-on-child-s-functioning-and-need-for-general-anaesthesia
#2
Johanna Norderyd, Gunilla Klingberg, Denise Faulks, Mats Granlund
PURPOSE: To describe and analyse dental care and treatment modalities for children with complex disabilities from a biopsychosocial perspective, with special focus on dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) and its relationship to child's functioning. METHOD: An ICF-CY Checklist for Oral Health was completed using structured interview, direct observations, and dental records for patients attending a specialist paediatric dentistry clinic. Descriptive and comparative data analysis was performed...
November 22, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713436/information-regarding-restorative-dentistry-for-new-graduates
#3
A S Kalsi, N J Lewis, K W Hemmings
A recent national survey has shown the need for clarification regarding the various disciplines encompassed by restorative dentistry and their respective training pathways. This document aims to address this by outlining the remit of restorative dentistry, in addition to the various job roles involved. This information is being disseminated by the British Society for Restorative Dentistry, and given the relevance to referrers and those looking for insight into the speciality, it has been reproduced here. Roles within the speciality range from dentists with special interests to specialists and consultants, whether primarily academic or clinical...
October 7, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670933/referral-patterns-of-special-needs-patients-at-the-royal-dental-hospital-of-melbourne-victoria-australia
#4
Maryani Mohamed Rohani, Hanny Calache, Mina Borromeo
BACKGROUND: Special Needs Dentistry (SND) has been recognised as a dental specialty in Australia since 2003 but no studies addressing the profile of patients for specialist care. The purpose of this study is to identify, via referrals received, the profile of patients and quality of referrals at the largest public SND Unit in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: All referrals received over a six months period (January 1 - June 30, 2013) by the Integrated SND Unit (ISNU) were reviewed prior to allocation to the outpatient clinic (OP), domiciliary (DOM) or general anaesthetic (GA) services...
September 27, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617372/pediatric-dentistry-specialty-as-part-of-a-longer-continuum-of-care-a-commentary
#5
H Barry Waldman, Rick Rader, Stephen Sulkes, Steven P Perlman
The transition of teenagers with special needs to young adulthood is a complex period for the children and their families. This transition is especially difficult when it comes to securing needed oral health care. The teenager is forced to transfer from the services of an age defined pediatric dental specialist with training to provide care for individuals with special needs, to 1) general practitioners with limited formal training and often unwillingness to provide care and 2) at a period when most states provide limited or lack of adult dental Medicaid programs...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555870/frequency-and-influencing-factors-of-rubber-dam-usage-in-tianjin-a-questionnaire-survey
#6
Huiru Zou, Yanni Li, Xiaoli Lian, Yan Yan, Xiaohua Dai, Guanhua Wang
Objective. To investigate the frequency and influencing factors of rubber dam usage for endodontic procedures among general dentistry practitioners and specialized practitioners (endodontist) in Tianjin. Methods. Three hundred questionnaires were distributed among practitioners from 3 different types of medical institutions in Tianjin. Data were collected and analysed using Chi-square tests. Results. There were 63.3% of respondents who have used rubber dam (response rate 82.7%, valid response rate 76.3%). However, only 0...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460329/survival-of-dental-implants-in-patients-with-down-syndrome-a-case-series
#7
Jacobo Limeres Posse, Julian López Jiménez, José C Ruiz Villandiego, Antonio Cutando Soriano, Javier Fernández Feijoo, Maialen Linazasoro Elorza, Márcio Diniz Freitas, Pedro Diz Dios
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The need for tooth replacement in individuals with Down syndrome (DS) is explained by the high prevalence of dental agenesis and by the premature loss of teeth through severe periodontal disease. Dental implants may be the dental procedure of choice in some of these patients. PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical study was to analyze dental implant survival in a series of patients with DS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective, observational study...
July 23, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418351/cooperative-learning-in-special-needs-in-dentistry-for-undergraduate-students-using-the-jigsaw-approach
#8
M M Suárez-Cunqueiro, D Gándara-Lorenzo, R Mariño-Pérez, S Piñeiro-Abalo, D Pérez-López, I Tomás
INTRODUCTION: The goals of this study were to (i) describe the use of the Jigsaw approach for the resolution of clinical cases by undergraduate students in the subject 'Special Needs in Dentistry' and (ii) assess the impact of its implementation on academic performance and the students' perception. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Jigsaw approach was applied to the fifth-year in the subject 'Special Needs in Dentistry', as part of the Dentistry degree curriculum of the University of Santiago de Compostela, during the academic years 2012/2013 and 2013/2014...
July 15, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349001/why-do-saudi-women-refrain-donating-their-blood-a-study-on-the-attitude-belief-and-motivation-of-saudi-female-university-students-towards-blood-donation
#9
Al-Waleed Al-Johar, Abdulrahman Al-Saud, Yazeed Abalkhail, Talal Jawdat, Saleh Al-Khamees, Al-Thunayan Faisal, Abdel G Abdel-Gader
BACKGROUND: Saudi females constitute less than 5% of blood donors and as demand for blood is ever increasing there is a need to identify the factors that discourage them from donating their blood and subsequently to find approaches to enhance their share as blood donors. The aim of this study is to find out the knowledge, attitude and motivation of Saudi female university students towards blood donation. METHODS: This is a questionnaire-based cross-sectional descriptive study among female students (n = 300) from six colleges: Medicine, Dentistry, Applied Medical Sciences, Science, Arts, and Business Administration at King Saud University, Riyadh...
2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348951/the-impending-oral-health-crisis
#10
Carl H Tegtmeier, David J Miller, Judith L Shub
Last May, the New York State Dental Association and the New York State Dental Foundation convened the first "Oral Health Stakeholders' Summit on the Future of Special Needs Dentistry, Hospital Dentistry and Dental Education." The summit was chaired by David J. Miller, then NYSDA President Elect, and Carl H. Tegtmeier, then chair of the NYSDA Council on Dental Health Planning and Hospital Dentistry. It brought together experts, called to frame the issues and provide information necessary for a reasoned response...
April 2016: New York State Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27319041/accidental-ingestion-of-a-foreign-body-of-orthodontic-origin-a-review-of-risks-complications-and-clinical-recommendations
#11
Ashish Handa, Jasleen Kaur Handa
Ingestion/aspiration episodes of foreign bodies are potential complications in almost all branches of dentistry. Occasionally, orthodontic appliances or small orthodontic components are accidentally swallowed and have caused problems with either the airway or the gastrointestinal tract, especially where the patient is supine or semi-recumbent. Despite their rare occurrence, the morbidity from a single incident and the level of specialized medical care that may be needed on emergency basis to manage such incidents is too high to ignore...
2016: International Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264856/making-treatment-of-special-needs-patients-an-important-part-of-your-growing-dental-practice
#12
REVIEW
Craig C Spangler
Today many young dentists want to find a way to make their practices satisfying in ways other than the financial rewards of dentistry. Some of these practitioners have gained additional training in diagnosis and treatment of medically and physically compromised patients in hospital-based, general practice residency programs. A hospital affiliation can create a unique niche that will allow dentists to differentiate themselves from other dentists. By welcoming those ongoing relationships for patients with special needs, and having the resources and desire to treat them, dentists will achieve greater visibility and a reputation as caring, capable practitioners in their community...
July 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264853/evidence-based-dentistry-and-its-role-in-caring-for-special-needs-patients
#13
REVIEW
Alan N Queen
Evidence-based dentistry is a concept ideally suited and applicable to special needs dentistry. As the special needs of patients varies according to the individual, so should the way we evaluate our patient, prescribe a course of treatment, and implement that treatment plan. Future generations of dental students and residents should be trained in these concepts not just for patients with special needs, but also for the general patient population. It is imperative that the dental community not retreat in the face of what many deem to be "difficult" patients with special needs...
July 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149766/a-review-of-daycase-ga-services-for-special-care-patients-at-university-hospital-bristol
#14
S Ali, C Sims, S Foy, A McIndoe, R Yates, T Brooke
This paper describes and discusses a review of adult special care dentistry day cases in a UK hospital over a two year period and makes recommendations for other such reviews and for practice. Dental public health competencies illustrated: oral health needs assessment and evaluation of dental health services.
March 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113992/scda-task-force-on-a-special-care-dentistry-residency
#15
Jeffery Hicks, Lakshmi Vishwanat, Maureen Perry, Judith Messura, Kristin Dee
The Special Care Dentistry Association (SCDA) has acted on a proposal regarding the status of training in the care of patients with special needs. Two phases of action were undertaken. Phase 1: (a) examination of the literature on existing training and curricula in the care of patients with special needs and (b) a survey of existing postdoctoral programs in special needs. Phase 2: establish a group of experts who: (a) submitted to the Commission on Dental Accreditation a request to approve a postdoctoral general dentistry residency program in Special Care Dentistry and (b) created suggested accreditation standards for such postdoctoral programs...
July 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103509/treatment-of-dental-complications-in-sickle-cell-disease
#16
REVIEW
Priti Mulimani, Samir K Ballas, Adinegara B L Abas, Laxminarayan Karanth
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is the most common single gene disorder and the commonest haemoglobinopathy found with high prevalence in many populations across the world. Management of dental complications in people with sickle cell disease requires special consideration for three main reasons. Firstly, dental and oral tissues are affected by the blood disorder resulting in several oro-facial abnormalities. Secondly, living with a haemoglobinopathy and coping with its associated serious consequences may result in individuals neglecting their oral health care...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103289/the-use-of-the-bda-case-mix-model-to-assess-the-need-for-referral-of-patients-to-specialist-dental-services
#17
N A AlKindi, J Nunn
BACKGROUND: Access to health services is a right for every individual. However, there is evidence that people with disabilities face barriers in accessing dental health. One of the reasons associated with this is the unclear referral pathway existing in the Irish dental health service. The appropriate assignment of patients to relevant services is an important issue to ensure better access to healthcare. This is all the more pertinent because there are only a few trained dental practitioners to provide dental treatment for people with disabilities, as well as even fewer qualified specialists in special care dentistry...
April 22, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022817/anesthesia-for-off-floor-dental-and-oral-surgery
#18
Joseph A Giovannitti
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Anesthesia for dentistry is commonly performed outside the operating room. The combination of a shared airway between surgeon and anesthetist, the variety of open airway techniques, and the out-of-operating room setting often results in anxiety and avoidance of dental cases among anesthesia personnel. This review attempts to demystify dental treatment and facilitate the anesthesia provider in providing effective sedation of dental procedures performed in the nonoperating room setting...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26996547/efp-delphi-study-on-the-trends-in-periodontology-and-periodontics-in-europe-for-the-year-2025
#19
Phoebus Madianos, William Papaioannou, David Herrera, Mariano Sanz, Amelie Baeumer, Anna Bogren, Philippe Bouchard, Maria Chomyszyn-Gajewska, Korkud Demirel, Rok Gaspersic, Marina Giurgiu, Filippo Graziani, Karin Jepsen, Sören Jepsen, Tiernan O Brien, Ioannis Polyzois, Philip M Preshaw, Mia Rakic, Michele Reners, Nives Rincic, Andreas Stavropoulos, Serdar Sütcü, Christian Verner, Juan Carlos Llodra
AIM: The aim was to assess the potential trends in Periodontology and Periodontics in Europe that might be anticipated by the year 2025, using the Delphi method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expert opinion of 120 experts was sought through the use of an open-ended questionnaire, developed by an advisory group, containing 40 questions concerning the various trends in periodontology. RESULTS: The experts (113 responders) expect a stabilization of the prevalence of periodontitis, both for the chronic as well as the aggressive cases, but an increase in implant-related diseases up to the year 2025...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933105/dental-students-clinical-expectations-and-experiences-treating-persons-with-disabilities
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Darsi J Perusini, Marcia Llacuachaqui, Michael J Sigal, Laura J Dempster
Persons with disabilities (PWDs) have a disproportionate level of dental disease relative to the general population. Access to care is a cause along with dentists' willingness to treat PWDs. The aim of this study was to investigate the expectations and experiences of dental students in providing treatment to these patients in a hospital-based dental clinic for PWDs. Senior dental students at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto (n=92) were surveyed prior to (Phase I) and at the end of (Phase II) mandatory clinical rotations at the Mount Sinai Hospital's Dentistry Clinic for Persons with Special Needs...
March 2016: Journal of Dental Education
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