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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074555/pediatric-stress-from-neuroendocrinology-to-contemporary-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Stavroula Stavrou, Nicolas C Nicolaides, Elena Critselis, Christina Darviri, Evangelia Charmandari, George P Chrousos
BACKGROUND: Stress is defined as a state of threatened or perceived as threatened homeostasis. A broad spectrum of extrinsic or intrinsic, real or perceived stressful stimuli, called "stressors", activates a highly conserved system, the "stress system", which adjusts homeostasis through central and peripheral neuroendocrine responses. Inadequate, excessive or prolonged adaptive responses to stress may underlie the pathogenesis of several disease states prevalent in modern societies. The development and severity of these conditions primarily depend on the genetic vulnerability of the individual, the exposure to adverse environmental factors and the timing of the stressful event(s), given that prenatal life, infancy, childhood and adolescence are critical periods characterized by increased vulnerability to stressors...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073739/the-associations-among-individual-factors-ehealth-literacy-and-health-promoting-lifestyles-among-college-students
#2
Shu-Ching Yang, Yi-Fang Luo, Chia-Hsun Chiang
BACKGROUND: eHealth literacy is gaining importance for maintaining and promoting health. Studies have found that individuals with high eHealth literacy are more likely to adopt healthy eating, exercise, and sleep behaviors. In addition, previous studies have shown that various individual factors (eg, frequency of seeking information on health issues, degree of health concern, frequency of eating organic food, and students' college major) are associated with eHealth literacy and health-promoting lifestyles...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057317/factors-influencing-emergency-nurses-burnout-during-an-outbreak-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-in-korea
#3
Ji Soo Kim, Jeong Sil Choi
PURPOSE: Emergency department (ED) nurses suffer from persistent stress after experiencing the traumatic event of exposure to Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), which can subsequently lead to burnout. This study aimed to assess ED nurses' burnout level during an outbreak of MERS-CoV and to identify influencing factors in order to provide basic information for lowering and preventing the level of burnout. METHODS: Study participants were ED nurses working in eight hospitals designated for treating MERS-CoV-infected patients in Korea...
December 2016: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049675/the-embedded-counseling-model-an-application-to-dental-students
#4
David Francis Adams
Prior research has suggested that dental students experience high rates of stress, anxiety, and mood concerns, which have been linked to poor academic performance, health concerns, and substance abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an embedded counseling office at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics in its first three academic semesters. Data were gathered from students attending appointments, and two inventories were used to monitor students' counseling progress and gather psychological outcomes data: the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046034/the-effect-of-timing-and-frequency-of-push-notifications-on-usage-of-a-smartphone-based-stress-management-intervention-an-exploratory-trial
#5
Leanne G Morrison, Charlie Hargood, Veljko Pejovic, Adam W A Geraghty, Scott Lloyd, Natalie Goodman, Danius T Michaelides, Anna Weston, Mirco Musolesi, Mark J Weal, Lucy Yardley
: Push notifications offer a promising strategy for enhancing engagement with smartphone-based health interventions. Intelligent sensor-driven machine learning models may improve the timeliness of notifications by adapting delivery to a user's current context (e.g. location). This exploratory mixed-methods study examined the potential impact of timing and frequency on notification response and usage of Healthy Mind, a smartphone-based stress management intervention. 77 participants were randomised to use one of three versions of Healthy Mind that provided: intelligent notifications; daily notifications within pre-defined time frames; or occasional notifications within pre-defined time frames...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045085/expression-of-acetylcholinesterase-1-is-associated-with-brood-rearing-status-in-the-honey-bee-apis-mellifera
#6
Young Ho Kim, Ju Hyeon Kim, Kyungmun Kim, Si Hyeock Lee
Acetylcholinesterase 1 (AmAChE1) of the honey bee, Apis mellifera, has been suggested to have non-neuronal functions. A systematic expression profiling of AmAChE1 over a year-long cycle on a monthly basis revealed that AmAChE1 was predominantly expressed in both head and abdomen during the winter months and was moderately expressed during the rainy summer months. Interestingly, AmAChE1 expression was inhibited when bees were stimulated for brood rearing by placing overwintering beehives in strawberry greenhouses with a pollen diet, whereas it resumed when the beehives were moved back to the cold field, thereby suppressing brood rearing...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042963/a-systematic-review-of-brief-mental-health-and-well-being-interventions-in-organizational-settings
#7
Ivana Ivandic, Aislinne Freeman, Ulrich Birner, Dennis Nowak, Carla Sabariego
Objectives The aim of the systematic review was to provide an overview of the evidence on the effectiveness of brief interventions targeting mental health and well-being in organizational settings and compare their effects with corresponding interventions of common (ie, longer) duration. Methods An extensive systematic search was conducted using the Medline and PsycINFO databases for the period of 2000-2016. Randomized-controlled trials (RCT) and quasi-experimental studies evaluating primary or secondary brief interventions carried out in the workplace settings were included...
January 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034822/induced-oxidative-stress-management-in-wounds-through-phenolic-acids-engineered-fibrous-protein-an-in-vitro-assessment-using-polymorphonuclear-pmn-cells
#8
T Thiruselvi, S Thirupathi Kumara Raja, S K Shanuja, S Iswarya, A Gnanamani
The present study explores the preparation, characterization and the role of phenolic acid tethered fibrous protein in the management of induced oxidative stress studied under in vitro conditions. In brief, the biomaterial is prepared by engineering the fibrous protein with dihydroxy and trihydroxy phenolic acid moieties and subjected to characterization to ensure the tethering. The resultant biomaterial studied for its efficacy as a free radical scavenger using polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells with induced oxidative stress and also as an agent for cell migration using fibroblasts cells...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031044/coping-with-stress-in-medical-students-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-using-a-mindfulness-based-stress-prevention-training-medimind-in-germany
#9
S M Kuhlmann, M Huss, A Bürger, F Hammerle
BACKGROUND: High prevalence rates of psychological distress in medical training and later professional life indicate a need for prevention. Different types of intervention were shown to have good effects, but little is known about the relative efficacy of different types of stress management interventions, and methodological limitations have been reported. In order to overcome some of these limitations, the present study aimed at evaluating the effect of a specifically developed mindfulness-based stress prevention training for medical students (MediMind) on measures of distress, coping and psychological morbidity...
December 28, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029852/impact-of-a-mindfulness-based-weight-loss-intervention-on-sleep-quality-among-adults-with-obesity-data-from-the-shine-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Elizabeth Adler, Anand Dhruva, Patricia J Moran, Jennifer Daubenmier, Michael Acree, Elissa S Epel, Peter Bacchetti, Aric A Prather, Ashley Mason, Frederick M Hecht
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbance is a common problem among adults with obesity. Mindfulness interventions have been shown to improve sleep quality in various populations but have not been investigated in adults with obesity. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a mindfulness-based weight-loss intervention with an active control on self-reported sleep quality among adults with obesity. METHOD: This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial and included 194 adults with a body mass index in the range 30-45 kg/m(2)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027041/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia-a-systematic-review
#11
Janet L Poole, Patricia Siegel
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review addresses the effectiveness of occupational therapy-related interventions for adults with fibromyalgia. METHOD: We examined the literature published between January 2000 and June 2014. A total of 322 abstracts from five databases were reviewed. Forty-two Level I studies met the inclusion criteria. Studies were evaluated primarily with regard to the following outcomes: daily activities, pain, depressive symptoms, fatigue, and sleep...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017518/effectiveness-of-a-stress-management-pilot-program-aimed-at-reducing-the-incidence-of-sports-injuries-in-young-football-soccer-players
#12
Aurelio Olmedilla-Zafra, Victor J Rubio, Enrique Ortega, Alexandre García-Mas
OBJECTIVES: Several attempts to reduce the incidence of sport injuries using psychosocial interventions produced fruitful, although inconclusive results. This paper presents the effectiveness and implementation issues of a pilot 3-month stress-management and muscle relaxation program aimed at reducing sport injury incidence. DESIGN: Pre-post treatment-non treatment group comparison. PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION: The program was administered by a trained psychologist on a once-a-week, 1-h session basis...
September 6, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011334/-the-five-minute-check-in-intervention-to-ease-the-transition-into-professional-education-a-descriptive-analysis
#13
Rebecca A Cox-Davenport
BACKGROUND: Students can have problems transitioning into nursing education, and nursing instructors can have an impact on this transition by using an active coaching role. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate how early an academic coaching intervention helped students progress during the beginning of their first nursing semester. Student perceptions of the intervention were also explored. DESIGN: This study followed a descriptive non-experimental design...
December 19, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004586/psycho-ophthalmology-contributions-of-health-psychology-to-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-glaucoma
#14
Jorge Luis Méndez-Ulrich, Antoni Sanz
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic in its early stages, glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide. While psychosocial factors are taken into consideration for a host of diseases such as cancer, heart disease and autoimmune conditions, to date, psychological issues have been ignored in the clinical management of glaucoma. OBJECTIVE: This work reviews the most relevant contributions from a health psychology perspective for the assessment and treatment of glaucoma, which is emerging in the field of psycho-ophthalmology...
December 22, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999570/gene-turnover-contributes-to-the-evolutionary-adaptation-of-acidithiobacillus-caldus-insights-from-comparative-genomics
#15
Xian Zhang, Xueduan Liu, Qiang He, Weiling Dong, Xiaoxia Zhang, Fenliang Fan, Deliang Peng, Wenkun Huang, Huaqun Yin
Acidithiobacillus caldus is an extremely acidophilic sulfur-oxidizer with specialized characteristics, such as tolerance to low pH and heavy metal resistance. To gain novel insights into its genetic complexity, we chosen six A. caldus strains for comparative survey. All strains analyzed in this study differ in geographic origins as well as in ecological preferences. Based on phylogenomic analysis, we clustered the six A. caldus strains isolated from various ecological niches into two groups: group 1 strains with smaller genomes and group 2 strains with larger genomes...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989278/the-effectiveness-of-a-stress-reduction-and-burnout-prevention-program
#16
Marita Stier-Jarmer, Dieter Frisch, Cornelia Oberhauser, Götz Berberich, Angela Schuh
BACKGROUND: Chronic psychological distress appears to have increased in recent years, mainly among the working population. The data available indicate that mental and behavioral disorders, including burnout syndrome, represent not only a personal problem for those afflicted, but also a serious public health issue. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of an outpatient burnout prevention program in a mono-center health resort setting. METHODS: Adults experiencing an above-average level of stress and thus being at an increased risk of burnout were randomized either to the intervention group (IG) or the waiting control group (WG)...
November 18, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987566/predictors-and-determinants-for-weight-reduction-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#17
Ralf Schiel, Alexander Kaps, Günter Stein, Antje Steveling
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, overweight and obesity are known as posing serious health risks. Successful methods for weight reduction have remained elusive. This multicenter non-randomised trial aimed to identify parameters and determinants of long-term weight reduction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 143/159 overweight and obese children and adolescents (90 %) completed the prospective multicenter trial (age 13.9±2.4 years, BMI 31.2±5.4kg/m(2), BMI-SDS 2.51±0...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981154/the-effectiveness-of-support-groups-in-asian-breast-cancer-patients-an-integrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Fang-Yu Chou, Frances Lee-Lin, Lily Y Kuang
Cancer support group has been studied as an intervention to improve patient psychosocial well-being. The effectiveness of support groups among Asian breast cancer (BC) patients has been unclear and received limited attention to the evidence of its effectiveness. The social-cognitive processing theory underlies the principles of support groups and advocates that a positive, supportive social environment can improve cognitive processing. The purpose of this paper is to present an integrative review of research evidence on the effectiveness of cancer support groups with Asian BC patients...
April 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979046/effects-of-exercise-and-stress-management-training-on-nighttime-blood-pressure-dipping-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Andrew Sherwood, Patrick J Smith, Alan L Hinderliter, Anastasia Georgiades, James A Blumenthal
INTRODUCTION: Blunted nighttime blood pressure (BP) dipping is prognostic of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) are often characterized by a blunted nighttime BP dipping pattern. The present study compared the effects of 2 behavioral intervention programs, aerobic exercise (EX) and stress management (SM) training, with a usual care (UC) control group on BP dipping in a sample of CHD patients. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a randomized, controlled trial with allocation concealment and blinded outcome assessment in 134 patients with stable CHD and exercise-induced myocardial ischemia...
January 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978858/increasing-engagement-with-and-effectiveness-of-an-online-cbt-based-stress-management-intervention-for-employees-through-the-use-of-an-online-facilitated-bulletin-board-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kathryn Greenwood, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: The evidence for the benefits of online cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT)-based programmes delivered in a clinical context is clear, but this evidence does not translate to online CBT-based stress management programmes delivered within a workplace context. One of the challenges to the delivery of online interventions is programme engagement; this challenge is even more acute for interventions delivered in real-world settings such as the workplace. The purpose of this pilot study is to explore the effect of an online facilitated discussion group on engagement, and to estimate the potential effectiveness of an online CBT-based stress management programme...
December 15, 2016: Trials
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