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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437144/framingham-risk-score-and-estimated-10-year-cardiovascular-disease-risk-reduction-by-a-short-term-yoga-based-life-style-intervention
#1
Rashmi Yadav, Raj Kumar Yadav, Kumar Sarvottam, Ritesh Netam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a short-term yoga-based life-style intervention program in lowering Framingham Risk Score (FRS) and estimated 10-year cardiovascular risk. METHODS: This was a single-arm, pre-post interventional study including data from a historical cohort with low to moderate risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). It was conducted in a tertiary-care hospital. Participants with low (0 or 1 CVD risk factors) to moderately high risk (10-year risk between 10% and 20% and two or more CVD risk factors) were included...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436999/clinical-practice-guidelines-on-the-evidence-based-use-of-integrative-therapies-during-and-after-breast-cancer-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Heather Greenlee, Melissa J DuPont-Reyes, Lynda G Balneaves, Linda E Carlson, Misha R Cohen, Gary Deng, Jillian A Johnson, Matthew Mumber, Dugald Seely, Suzanna M Zick, Lindsay M Boyce, Debu Tripathy
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE Patients with breast cancer commonly use complementary and integrative therapies as supportive care during cancer treatment and to manage treatment-related side effects. However, evidence supporting the use of such therapies in the oncology setting is limited. This report provides updated clinical practice guidelines from the Society for Integrative Oncology on the use of integrative therapies for specific clinical indications during and after breast cancer treatment, including anxiety/stress, depression/mood disorders, fatigue, quality of life/physical functioning, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, lymphedema, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, pain, and sleep disturbance...
April 24, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434155/nitrogen-fertility-and-abiotic-stresses-management-in-cotton-crop-a-review
#3
Aziz Khan, Daniel Kean Yuen Tan, Muhammad Zahir Afridi, Honghai Luo, Shahbaz Atta Tung, Mir Ajab, Shah Fahad
This review outlines nitrogen (N) responses in crop production and potential management decisions to ameliorate abiotic stresses for better crop production. N is a primary constituent of the nucleotides and proteins that are essential for life. Production and application of N fertilizers consume huge amounts of energy, and excess is detrimental to the environment. Therefore, increasing plant N use efficiency (NUE) is important for the development of sustainable agriculture. NUE has a key role in crop yield and can be enhanced by controlling loss of fertilizers by application of humic acid and natural polymers (hydrogels), having high water-holding capacity which can improve plant performance under field conditions...
April 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421096/regulation-of-banana-phytoene-synthase-mapsy-expression-characterization-and-their-modulation-under-various-abiotic-stress-conditions
#4
Navneet Kaur, Ashutosh Pandey, Shivani, Prateek Kumar, Pankaj Pandey, Atul K Kesarwani, Shrikant S Mantri, Praveen Awasthi, Siddharth Tiwari
Phytoene synthase (PSY) is a key regulatory enzyme of carotenoid biosynthesis pathway in plants. The present study examines the role of PSY in carotenogenesis and stress management in banana. Germplasm screening of 10 Indian cultivars showed that Nendran (3011.94 μg/100 g dry weight) and Rasthali (105.35 μg/100 g dry weight) contained the highest and lowest amounts of β-carotene, respectively in ripe fruit-pulp. Nendran ripe pulp also showed significantly higher antioxidant activity as compared to Rasthali...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419468/activation-of-the-akt-creb-signaling-axis-by-a-proline-rich-heptapeptide-confers-resistance-to-stress-induced-cell-death-and-inflammation
#5
Johannes Herkel, Jörg Schrader, Neta Erez, Ansgar W Lohse, Irun R Cohen
Cell stress of various kinds can lead to the induction of cell death and a damaging inflammatory response. Hence, a goal of therapeutic cell-stress management is to develop agents that might effectively regulate undesirable cell death and inflammation. To that end, we developed a synthetic peptide of 7 amino acids based on structural mimicry to a functional domain of p53, a key factor in the responses of cells to stressful stimuli. This heptapeptide, which we term Stressin-1, was found to inhibit both cell death and the secretion of inflammatory mediators by various cell types in response to different stressful agents in vitro...
April 17, 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415959/the-practices-and-meanings-of-care-for-nurses-working-on-a-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplant-unit
#6
Caroline F Morrison, Edith J Morris
Bone marrow transplant (BMT) units are stressful work environments with high staff burnout, anxiety, and turnover. A qualitative study was undertaken to better understand care for nurses within the context of their clinical practice on a pediatric BMT unit. Understanding care practices for BMT nurses will allow us to design interventions and provide appropriate support for this subspecialty of nurses. Focus groups were held with 24 nurses as key participants, and 2 focus groups with general participants: unit management (N = 2) and caregivers of inpatients (N = 7)...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414065/effects-of-depression-screening-on-diagnosing-and-treating-mood-disorders-among-older-adults-in-office-based-primary-care-outpatient-settings-an-instrumental-variable-analysis
#7
Taeho Greg Rhee, Benjamin D Capistrant, Jon C Schommer, Ronald S Hadsall, Donald L Uden
Existing literature shows mixed findings regarding the efficacy and effectiveness of depression screening, and relatively little is known about the effectiveness of depression screening among older adults in primary care visits in the U.S. This study examines the effects of depression screening on the three following outcomes: mood disorder diagnoses, overall antidepressant prescriptions, and potentially inappropriate antidepressant prescriptions among older adults ages 65 or older in office-based outpatient primary care settings...
April 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413278/work-related-stress-a-survey-of-indian-anesthesiologists
#8
Sumitra Ganesh Bakshi, Jigeeshu Vasishtha Divatia, Sadhana Kannan, Sheila Nainan Myatra
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Work-related stress is common among medical caregivers and concerns all perioperative care providers. Although anesthesiologists are known to experience stress, there are limited Indian data addressing this issue. This survey was conducted among Indian anesthesiologists to determine their awareness about work stress and views regarding prevention programs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A survey questionnaire was distributed to delegates visiting the exhibits at the national anesthesiology conference in 2011...
January 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405151/systematic-review-the-placebo-effect-of-psychological-interventions-in-the-treatment-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#9
Carla E Flik, Laura Bakker, Wijnand Laan, Yanda R van Rood, André J P M Smout, Niek J de Wit
AIM: To determine the placebo response rate associated with different types of placebo interventions used in psychological intervention studies for irritable bowel syndrome. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials comparing psychological interventions (stress management/relaxation therapy (cognitive) behavioral therapy, short-term psychodynamic therapy, and hypnotherapy) for the treatment of adult patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) diagnosed with the Manning or Rome criteria with an adequate placebo control treatment and reporting data on IBS symptom severity were identified by searching PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL and PsycINFO databases...
March 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399316/predicting-health-promotion-and-quality-of-life-with-symptom-clusters-and-social-supports-among-older-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Wenhui Zhang, Heather Becker, Alexa K Stuifbergen, Adama Brown
Symptoms common among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) may influence health promotion and quality of life, especially among older adults, who often experience multiple chronic conditions. To identify and examine symptom clusters' effect on health promotion and quality of life, data from 215 adults with MS older than 60 (average years with diagnosis = 29) were analyzed. Correlations among symptoms ranged from 0.33 to 0.81. Factor analysis identified two symptom clusters: (a) physical/psychological/cognitive symptoms and (b) pain symptoms...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394724/a-multimodal-nonpharmacologic-intervention-improves-mood-and-cognitive-function-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Jennifer E Lee, Babita Bisht, Michael J Hall, Linda M Rubenstein, Rebecca Louison, Danielle T Klein, Terry L Wahls
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine whether participation in a 12-month multimodal intervention would improve mood and cognitive function in adults with progressive multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: In this one-arm, open-label feasibility trial, participants were prescribed a home-based multimodal intervention, including (1) a modified Paleolithic diet; (2) an exercise program (stretching and strengthening of the trunk and lower limb muscles); (3) neuromuscular electrical stimulation (EStim) of trunk and lower limb muscles; and (4) stress management (meditation and self-massage)...
March 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393652/meditation-induced-neuroplastic-changes-in-amygdala-activity-during-negative-affective-processing
#12
Mei-Kei Leung, Way K W Lau, Chetwyn C H Chan, Samuel S Y Wong, Annis L C Fung, Tatia M C Lee
Recent evidence suggests that the effects of meditation practice on affective processing and resilience have the potential to induce neuroplastic changes within the amygdala. Notably, literature speculates that meditation training may reduce amygdala activity during negative affective processing. Nonetheless, studies have thus far not verified this speculation. In this longitudinal study, participants (N = 21, 9 men) were trained in awareness-based compassion meditation (ABCM) or matched relaxation training...
April 10, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388982/mediating-role-of-psychological-capital-in-relationship-between-occupational-stress-and-turnover-intention-among-nurses-at-veterans-administration-hospitals-in-korea
#13
Hee-Yun Yim, Hyun-Ju Seo, Yoonhyung Cho, JinHee Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the mediating role of psychological capital (PCP) in the relationship between occupational stress and turnover intention in nurses. METHODS: Data were collected from a sample of 447 nurses working at four Veterans Administration Hospitals throughout South Korea from July 1 to July 31, 2014. We collected data from the nurses using the following surveys: the Short Form Korean-Occupational Stress Scale, the Korean version of the Turnover Intention Scale, and the Korean version of the Psychological Capital Questionnaire...
March 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382938/thiourea-priming-enhances-salt-tolerance-through-co-ordinated-regulation-of-micrornas-and-hormones-in-brassica-juncea
#14
Ashish Kumar Srivastava, Gaurav Sablok, Michael Hackenberg, Uday Deshpande, Penna Suprasanna
Activation of stress tolerance mechanisms demands transcriptional reprogramming. Salt stress, a major threat to plant growth, enhances ROS production and affects transcription through modulation of miRNAs and hormones. The present study delineates salt stress ameliorating action of thiourea (TU, a ROS scavenger) in Brassica juncea and provides mechanistic link between redox, microRNA and hormones. The ameliorative potential of TU towards NaCl stress was related with its ability to decrease ROS accumulation in roots and increase Na(+) accumulation in shoots...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377806/job-stress-and-burnout-in-the-care-staff-of-leros-pikpa-asylum-25-years-after-the-first-deinstitutionalisation-and-rehabilitation-greek-project
#15
Anastasia Bougea, Manolis Kostas Kleisarchakis, Nikolaos Spantideas, Panagiota Voskou, Thomas Thomaides, George Chrousos, Sophia Andreas Belegri
Aims and method To identify correlates between burnout and job stress of care staff at Leros PIKPA Asylum. Forty-nine asylum employees were assessed by Maslach's Burnout Inventory, a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale and the Job Content Questionnaire. Results Emotional exhaustion is related negatively to social support (P = 0.010, r = -0.362). Lack of job achievements is related positively to overall job responsibility (P = 0.040) and negatively to lack of job satisfaction (r = -0.430)...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371304/clinical-nurse-leaders-and-academics-perspectives-in-clinical-assessment-of-final-year-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#16
Xi Vivien Wu, Karin Enskär, Lay Hoon Pua, Doreen Gek Noi Heng, Wenru Wang
The nature of nursing practice is diverse; therefore, clinical assessment is a complex process. This study explores the perceptions of clinical nurse leaders and academics on clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing education during transition to practice. An explorative qualitative approach was applied. Eight nurse managers, six clinical nurse educators, and eight academics from two tertiary hospitals and a university in Singapore participated in four focus group discussions. Thematic analysis was conducted...
March 30, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366413/adverse-effects-of-female-obesity-and-interaction-with-race-on-reproductive-potential
#17
REVIEW
Barbara Luke
Across the reproductive spectrum, obesity is associated with greater risks for adverse health outcomes, including higher rates of infertility, subfertility, early pregnancy loss, fetal deaths and stillbirths, congenital anomalies, and pregnancy complications. The excess reproductive morbidity associated with obesity may increase with longer duration, making the current trends among children and young adults particularly critical in terms of their future reproductive potential. Obese women have a lower chance of pregnancy following in vitro fertilization (IVF), require higher dosages of gonadotropins, and have reduced rates of implantation, clinical intrauterine gestation, and live birth rates and increased rates of pregnancy loss, as well as greater risks for prematurity and preeclampsia even when stratified by plurality...
April 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362146/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-stress-among-incoming-college-freshman
#18
Renee Garett, Sam Liu, Sean D Young
OBJECTIVE: 1) examine changes in stress during first semester among freshmen undergraduates; 2) identify predictors of stress (coping strategies, emotional states and quality of sleep). PARTICIPANTS: 197 freshmen students were recruited for a 10-week study during first quarter (Oct-Dec, 2015). METHODS: Students completed weekly self-report surveys on stress, coping strategies, emotions, and quality of sleep. A General Linear Mixed-Model was used for analyses...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360246/evidence-on-health-promoting-lifestyle-practices-and-information-and-communication-technologies-scoping-review-protocol
#19
Elizabeth M Joseph-Shehu, Busisiwe P Ncama
INTRODUCTION: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) play a key role in improving health and maintaining health promoting behaviours. ICTs are therefore one potential solution for promoting healthy lifestyles. In addition, they can assist in the reduction and control of the menace of both communicable and non-communicable diseases. This study will map evidence of interventions that demonstrate the effect of ICTs on health-promoting lifestyle practices that can prevent and control diseases...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358274/comparison-of-two-approaches-to-prevention-of-mental-health-problems-in-college-students-enhancing-coping-and-executive-function-skills
#20
Alexandra H Bettis, Mary Jo Coiro, Jessica England, Lexa K Murphy, Rachel L Zelkowitz, Leandra Dejardins, Rachel Eskridge, Laura L Hieber, Janet Yarboi, Daniel Pardo, Bruce E Compas
OBJECTIVE: College students face a significant number of stressors, increasing risk for internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. The current study examines two promising avenues of intervention aimed to reduce stress and prevent psychopathology in this population: a coping skills group and a cognitive training program. PARTICIPANTS: 62 undergraduate students from two universities were recruited from 2013 to 2015. METHODS: Students were randomized to a 6-week coping skills group or cognitive training program and completed measures of stress, coping, executive function, and symptoms of anxiety, depression and ADHD at pre- and post-intervention...
March 30, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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