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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546676/mental-stress-neurophysiology-and-its-regulation-by-sudarshan-kriya-yoga
#1
Sushil Chandra, Amit Kumar Jaiswal, Ram Singh, Devendra Jha, Alok Prakash Mittal
AIM: The present study focuses on analyzing the effects of Sudarshan Kriya yoga (SKY) on EEG as well as ECG signals for stress regulation. To envision the regulation of stress Determination Test (DT) has been used. We have chosen a control group for contriving a cogent comparison that could be corroborated using statistical tests. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 20 subjects were taken in the study, of which 10 were allotted to a control group. Electroencephalograph was taken during a DT task, before and after SKY the sky session with 30 days of SKY session given to the experimental group...
May 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543269/building-expert-agreement-on-the-importance-and-feasibility-of-workplace-health-promotion-interventions-for-nurses-and-midwives-a-modified-delphi-consultation
#2
Lin Perry, Rachel Nicholls, Christine Duffield, Robyn Gallagher
AIM: To use a Delphi panel to determine the relative importance and feasibility of workplace health promotion interventions to promote and support the health of the Australian nursing and midwifery workforce BACKGROUND: The nursing workforce experiences rates of ill health above that of other workforces yet there is little investment in workplace health promotion. DESIGN: The study used a modified Delphi design conducted between September - November 2015. METHODS: Eleven of 19 purposively selected expert panellists discussed, rated and provided feedback through two rounds of an electronic questionnaire about the relative importance and feasibility of 46 workplace health promotion interventions and processes for nurses and midwives...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541137/clinical-use-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Anders L Carlson, Deborah M Mullen, Richard M Bergenstal
Hemoglobin A1c is an excellent population health measure for the risk of vascular complications in diabetes, while continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is a tool to help personalize a diabetes treatment plan. The value of CGM in individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) has been well demonstrated when compared with utilizing self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) to guide treatment decisions. CGM is a tool for patients and clinicians to visualize the important role that diet, exercise, stress management, and the appropriate selection of diabetes medications can have in managing type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
May 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541057/promoting-resilience-in-stress-management-for-parents-prism-p-an-intervention-for-caregivers-of-youth-with-serious-illness
#4
Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Kaitlyn Fladeboe, Victoria Klein, Lauren Eaton, Claire Wharton, Elizabeth McCauley, Abby R Rosenberg
INTRODUCTION: It is well-known that parental stress and coping impacts the well-being of children with serious illness. The current study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and satisfaction of a novel resilience promoting intervention, the Promoting Resilience in Stress Management Intervention for Parents (PRISM-P) among parents of adolescents and young adults with Type 1 diabetes or cancer. Secondary analyses explored the effect of the PRISM-P on parent-reported resilience and distress...
May 25, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535108/the-effects-of-occupational-stress-work-centrality-self-efficacy-and-job-satisfaction-on-intent-to-quit-among-long-term-care-workers-in-korea
#5
Jeongkyu Park, Seokwon Yoon, Sung Seek Moon, Kyoung Hag Lee, Jueun Park
A large and growing elderly Koreans with chronic conditions necessitates an increase in long-term care. This study is aimed at investigating the effects of occupational stress, work-centrality, self-efficacy, and job satisfaction on intent to leave among long-term care workers in Korea. We tested hypothesized structural equation model predicting the intention to quit among long-term care workers in Korea. Survey data were collected from 532 long-term care workers in Seoul, Korea. Results showed that occupational stress was positively associated with intention to leave the job...
May 23, 2017: Home Health Care Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529114/perceptions-of-healthy-eating-amongst-indian-adolescents-in-india-and-canada
#6
Natasha Correa, Divya Rajaraman, Sumathi Swaminathan, Mario Vaz, K G Jayachitra, Scott A Lear, Zubin Punthakee
INTRODUCTION: Dietary patterns have contributed to the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity among Indian adolescents. Yet there are limited studies on their perspectives on healthy eating. The purpose of this study was to understand perceptions and attitudes of Indian-origin adolescents in India and Canada that may contribute to healthy eating behaviour. METHODS: Qualitative data collection and analysis of 13 focus group discussions (FGD) was conducted among 34 boys and 39 girls (total number of participants: 73) of different weight and socioeconomic status (SES) in rural and urban India, and urban Canada aged 11-18 years...
May 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528126/emotional-intelligence-increases-over-time-a-longitudinal-study-of-australian-pre-registration-nursing-students
#7
Kim Foster, Judith Fethney, Heather McKenzie, Murray Fisher, Emily Harkness, Desirée Kozlowski
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been associated with positive outcomes for nursing students. Higher EI is associated with personal wellbeing and stress management, higher academic performance, stronger nursing leadership and practice performance, and greater patient safety. While there is an increasing body of evidence on nursing students' EI, there is minimal evidence on EI over time during pre-registration programs. OBJECTIVES: To measure EI in pre-registration nursing students from program commencement to conclusion to ascertain EI over time and examine the relationship between EI and academic performance...
May 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528015/the-mediating-effect-of-mindful-non-reactivity-in-exposure-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-severe-health-anxiety
#8
Erik Hedman, Hugo Hesser, Erik Andersson, Erland Axelsson, Brjánn Ljótsson
Exposure-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of severe health anxiety, but little is known about mediators of treatment effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate mindful non-reactivity as a putative mediator of health anxiety outcome using data from a large scale randomized controlled trial. We assessed mindful non-reactivity using the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire-Non-Reactivity scale (FFMQ-NR) and health anxiety with the Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523020/prevalence-predictors-and-triggers-of-migraine-headache-among-medical-students-and-interns-in-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#9
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Afnan Khalid Alotaibi, Abrar Mansour Alhazmi, Rawan Zaher Alshehri, Rawan Nabeel Saimaldaher, Maradi Abdulkader Murad
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, predictors, triggers and educational outcome of migraine among medical students and interns in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was completed among 566 participants selected through a multistage stratified random sample method. A validated, confidential, self-administered data collection sheet was utilized. It contained ID Migraine test™, Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS)...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511454/the-factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-the-revised-prenatal-coping-inventory-nu-pci
#10
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Hajar Pasha, Sorayya Khafri, Shima Heidary
INTRODUCTION: Familiarity with coping strategies is essential for stress management during pregnancy. The Revised Prenatal Coping Inventory (Nu-PCI) was developed to assess coping strategies during pregnancy. AIM: This study aimed to assess the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Nu-PCI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After forward-backward translation, the Nu-PCI was administered to 210 pregnant women who were enrolled in two teaching referral clinics in the North of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Babol)...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511079/psychosocial-stress-and-obesity-among-children-residing-in-kaunas-city
#11
Regina Grazuleviciene, Inga Petraviciene, Sandra Andrusaityte, Birute Balseviciene
INTRODUCTION: An unfavorable psychosocial environment has been associated with an increased prevalence of obesity among children. However, the available evidence on the association of low socioeconomic status and parent-child relationships with childhood obesity is scarce. The aim of our study was to conduct a simultaneous evaluation of the risks associated with pathological mother-child relationships, education level, and overweight/obesity among 4-6 year-old children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1489 mother-child pairs living in Kaunas city, Lithuania...
May 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508139/functional-annotation-of-a-novel-toxin-antitoxin-system-xn-relt-of-xenorhabdus-nematophila-a-combined-in-silico-and-in-vitro-approach
#12
Lalit Kumar Gautam, Mohit Yadav, Jitendra Singh Rathore
Toxin-antitoxin (TA) complexes play an important role in stress responses and programmed cell death in bacteria. The RelB-RelE toxin antitoxin system is well studied in Escherichia coli. In this study, we used combined in silico and in vitro approaches to study a novel Xn-RelT toxin from Xenorhabdus nematophila bearing its own antitoxin Xn-RelAT-a RelB homolog of E. coli. The structure for this toxin-antitoxin pair is yet unknown. We generated homology-based models of X. nematophila RelT toxin and antitoxin...
June 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504073/exploring-the-relationship-between-mentoring-and-doctors-health-and-wellbeing-a-narrative-review
#13
Gemma Wilson, Valerie Larkin, Nancy Redfern, Jane Stewart, Alison Steven
The health and wellbeing of doctors are crucial, both for the individuals themselves and their ability to deliver optimum patient care. With increased pressures on healthcare, support mechanisms that attend to doctors' health and wellbeing may require greater emphasis to safeguard those working in frontline services. To inform future developments, this systematic narrative review aimed to identify, explore and map empirical and anecdotal evidence indicating the relationships between mentoring activities and the health and wellbeing of doctors...
May 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499753/emotional-intelligence-and-stress-management-in-nursing-professionals-in-a-hospital-emergency-department
#14
Tatiana Nespereira-Campuzano, Miriam Vázquez-Campo
OBJECTIVE: To determine stress levels and to identify if there is a relationship between emotional intelligence and work stress in nurses and healthcare assistants of the Emergency Department. METHOD: Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. The population were nurses and healthcare assistants of the Emergency Department of the University Hospital of Ourense. The data were collected between January and May 2016. The tool used was a validated, anonymous, and self-administered questionnaire that included the Trait Meta-Mood Scale and Moreno's Brief Burnout Questionnaire...
May 9, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497699/humanitarian-space-and-well-being-effectiveness-of-training-on-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-host-community-refugee-interaction
#15
Zeina Chemali, Christina P C Borba, Kelsey Johnson, Rebecca S Hock, Lindsey Parnarouskis, David C Henderson, Gregory L Fricchione
Social and fieldworkers face enormous challenges in assisting millions of Syrian refugees in Lebanon since the Syrian war in 2011. We sought to assess the feasibility and acceptability of an adapted version of the SMART-3RP (Stress Management Relaxation Response Resilience Training) training to address the emotional and physical burden on the humanitarian field. Data were collected using the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), blood pressure, pulse and a brief qualitative survey at months 0, 3, 6 and 9. We compared mean SCL-90 scores and physiological measures from these time points and subjected qualitative data to a thematic analysis...
May 12, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495391/engaging-women-with-an-embodied-conversational-agent-to-deliver-mindfulness-and-lifestyle-recommendations-a-feasibility-randomized-control-trial
#16
Paula M Gardiner, Kelly D McCue, Lily M Negash, Teresa Cheng, Laura F White, Leanne Yinusa-Nyahkoon, Brian W Jack, Timothy W Bickmore
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial evaluates the feasibility of using an Embodied Conversational Agent (ECA) to teach lifestyle modifications to urban women. METHODS: Women were randomized to either 1) an ECA (content included: mindfulness, stress management, physical activity, and healthy eating) or 2) patient education sheets mirroring same content plus a meditation CD/MP3 once a day for one month. General outcome measures included: number of stress management techniques used, physical activity levels, and eating patterns...
April 26, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492802/gonadotrophic-prolactin-corticosterone-and-gonadal-hormones-levels-over-15-months-in-giant-amazon-river-turtles-podocnemis-expansa-schweigger-1812-testudines-podocnemididae-in-captive-conditions
#17
G E Freneau, V A Sá, C R Franci, D Vieira, B N Freneau
In order to achieve successful captive breeding the Podocnemis expansa, it is necessary to study their reproductive endocrinology. The purpose of this research was to evaluate and characterize plasma concentrations in gonadotrophic, gonadic, corticosterone and prolactin hormones from Giant Amazon Turtles under captive conditions. Blood samples were collected over a 15 month period. The samples were assayed by the use of radioimmunoassay, prolactin, corticosterone, LH, FSH, testosterone, 17β-estradiol and progesterone...
May 4, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491039/daily-moderate-exercise-is-beneficial-and-social-stress-is-detrimental-to-disease-pathology-in-murine-lupus-nephritis
#18
Saba I Aqel, Jeffrey M Hampton, Michael Bruss, Kendra T Jones, Giancarlo R Valiente, Lai-Chu Wu, Matthew C Young, William L Willis, Stacy Ardoin, Sudha Agarwal, Brad Bolon, Nicole Powell, John Sheridan, Naomi Schlesinger, Wael N Jarjour, Nicholas A Young
Daily moderate exercise (DME) and stress management are underemphasized in the care of patients with lupus nephritis (LN) due to a poor comprehensive understanding of their potential roles in controlling the inflammatory response. To investigate these effects on murine LN, disease progression was monitored with either DME or social disruption stress (SDR) induction in NZM2410/J mice, which spontaneously develop severe, early-onset LN. SDR of previously established social hierarchies was performed daily for 6 days and DME consisted of treadmill walking (8...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484067/patient-entered-wellness-data-and-tailored-electronic-recommendations-increase-preventive-care
#19
Julie Foucher-Urcuyo, David Longworth, Michael Roizen, Bo Hu, Michael B Rothberg
PURPOSE: We investigated whether a tool using patient-entered wellness data to generate tailored electronic recommendations improved preventive care delivery. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods retrospective study of primary care encounters utilizing an Integrated Wellness Tool with a matched-comparison before-and-after study design. Encounters took place at a single clinic within the Cleveland Clinic Health System. The primary outcome was preventive orders placed...
May 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476101/community-based-randomized-controlled-trial-of-diabetes-prevention-study-for-high-risk-individuals-of-type-2-diabetes-lifestyle-intervention-using-web-based-system
#20
Seon-Ah Cha, Sun-Young Lim, Kook-Rye Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Borami Kang, Yoon-Hee Choi, Kun-Ho Yoon, Yu-Bae Ahn, Jin-Hee Lee, Seung-Hyun Ko
BACKGROUND: The trend of increasing numbers of patients with type 2 diabetes emphasizes the need for active screening of high-risk individuals and intensive lifestyle modification (LSM). METHODS/DESIGN: The community-based Korean Diabetes Prevention Study (C-KDPS) is a randomized controlled clinical trial to prevent type 2 diabetes by intensive LSM using a web-based program. The two public healthcare centers in Korea are involved, and 420 subjects are being recruited for 6 months and will be followed up for 22 months...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
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