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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344727/work-related-stress-as-a-cardiovascular-risk-factor-in-police-officers-a-systematic-review-of-evidence
#1
N Magnavita, I Capitanelli, S Garbarino, E Pira
PURPOSE: Several studies suggest that work-related stress in police officers may be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. A systematic review of studies is, however, still lacking. METHOD: According to PRISMA statement, a systematic search of PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Cinahl and PsychInfo electronic databases was undertaken. Studies published in English between 1/1/2000 and 31/12/2016 were included. A studies quality assessment was performed using the Newcastle Ottawa scale (NOS)...
January 17, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342910/academic-stress-and-self-regulation-among-university-students-in-malaysia-mediator-role-of-mindfulness
#2
Nur Hamizah Hj Ramli, Masoumeh Alavi, Seyed Abolghasem Mehrinezhad, Atefeh Ahmadi
Academic stress is the most common emotional or mental state that students experience during their studies. Stress is a result of a wide range of issues, including test and exam burden, a demanding course, a different educational system, and thinking about future plans upon graduation. A sizeable body of literature in stress management research has found that self-regulation and being mindful will help students to cope up with the stress and dodge long-term negative consequences, such as substance abuse. The present study aims to investigate the influence of academic stress, self-regulation, and mindfulness among undergraduate students in Klang Valley, Malaysia, and to identify mindfulness as the mediator between academic stress and self-regulation...
January 15, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338751/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-a-designated-program-on-illegal-drug-cessation-among-adolescents-who-experiment-with-drugs
#3
Chiu-Ching Chang, Jung-Yu Liao, Chiu-Mieh Huang, Hsiao-Pei Hsu, Chih-Che Chen, Jong-Long Guo
BACKGROUND: Studies indicate that adolescent-onset drug users experience a greater likelihood of dependence that continues into adulthood. The importance of early intervention was evident in treating adolescents before their substance use progressed. We examined the effectiveness of an intervention program that prevents students who experiment with drugs from reusing them. METHODS: The study was based on 10 out of 18 invited schools that were randomly assigned to either the intervention group (5 schools, n = 43) or the comparison group (5 schools, n = 41)...
January 16, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335233/internet-based-group-intervention-for-ovarian-cancer-survivors-feasibility-and-preliminary-results
#4
Ellen M Kinner, Jessica S Armer, Bonnie A McGregor, Jennifer Duffecy, Susan Leighton, Marya E Corden, Janine Gauthier Mullady, Frank J Penedo, Susan K Lutgendorf
BACKGROUND: Development of psychosocial group interventions for ovarian cancer survivors has been limited. Drawing from elements of cognitive-behavioral stress management (CBSM), mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), we developed and conducted preliminary testing of an Internet-based group intervention tailored specifically to meet the needs of ovarian cancer survivors. The Internet-based platform facilitated home delivery of the psychosocial intervention to a group of cancer survivors for whom attending face-to-face programs could be difficult given their physical limitations and the small number of ovarian cancer survivors at any one treatment site...
January 15, 2018: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334748/-how-to-apply-the-ambulatory-cardiovascular-rehabilitation-guidelines-of-the-working-group-for-cardiovascular-rehabilitation-at-slovak-society-of-cardiology
#5
Štefan Farský, Viliam Rus, Katarína Sládeková
Authors have proposed a concept of guidelines for applying the ambulatory complex cardiovascular rehabilitation (ACCVR) into the clinical practice in Slovakia. As a background they have used an actual cardiovascular mortality and morbidity data from home country and abroad as well. They emphasize the non-optimal situation in this aspect which may not be solved by the increasing supporting the invasive revascularization methods and by the intensifying pharmacotherapy only, because the favourable effects of these procedures is timely missing if it is not accompanied by the therapeutic lifestyle changes...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334521/new-educational-model-to-promote-breast-cancer-preventive-behaviors-assists-development-and-first-evaluation
#6
Maryam Khazaee-Pool, Tahereh Pashaei, Rashin Alizadeh, Koen Ponnet
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of breast cancer in Iran has increased. An effective approach to decrease the burden of breast cancer is prevention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate an educational model, called the ASSISTS, for promoting breast cancer-preventive behaviors in women. METHODS: A multiphase method was used to develop the model designed to promote breast cancer prevention behaviors. A conceptual model was generated based on a secondary analysis of qualitative data...
January 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328357/sensitizing-inpatient-mental-health-staff-to-the-challenges-of-aging
#7
Michelle R Zechner, Joseph C Birkmann, Jennifer Sperduto, Carlos Pratt
Although the aging inpatient population in state psychiatric hospitals is growing significantly, there are few examples of available training to improve staff knowledge and practice. The current article describes a 10-week training series developed through a university and psychiatric hospital collaboration. Training was attended by 135 direct care nursing and rehabilitation staff and focused on improving aging awareness, problem solving, using person-centered therapeutic techniques, and engaging older adults...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325481/stress-management-and-the-role-of-rhodiola-rosea-a-review
#8
Ion-George Anghelescu, David Edwards, Erich Seifritz, Siegfried Kasper
OBJECTIVE: Stress describes the physiological reaction to threat or pressure, which manifests as physical symptoms of exhaustion or energy loss and psychological symptoms, including irritability or tension. If untreated, chronic stress or burnout may develop, both are areas of unmet medical need. Evidence-based treatment and prevention measures are needed. METHODS: Prevention strategies and existing treatment options for stress-related symptoms were evaluated to establish criteria for an adequate pharmacological approach to stress...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306937/the-effects-of-stress-and-meditation-on-the-immune-system-human-microbiota-and-epigenetics
#9
Ayman Mukerji Househam, Christine Tara Peterson, Deepak Chopra
Context • Globally, more than 25% of individuals are affected by anxiety and depression disorders. Meditation is gaining popularity in clinical settings and its treatment efficacy is being studied for a wide array of psychological and physiological ailments. An exploration of stress physiology is an essential precursor to delineation of the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of meditation practices. Objective • The review outlines a model of interconnected physiological processes that might support the continued inclusion and expansion of meditation in the treatment of diverse medical conditions and to investigate the role that gut microbiota may play in realizing well-being through meditation...
October 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294737/intimate-partner-violence-against-women-among-north-korean-refugees-a-comparison-with-south-koreans
#10
Boyoung Nam, Jae Yop Kim, Wonjung Ryu
North Korean refugees in South Korea have been reported as at higher risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). However, few studies have examined risk factors of IPV among North Korean refugees. This study aimed to report the prevalence of IPV against women among North Korean refugees, and compared the risk factors of IPV against women between South Koreans and North Korean refugees in South Korea. Data from a nationwide survey about domestic violence in South Korea were used. The rate of IPV against women by North Korean refugees was 57...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286989/effects-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-based-stress-management-program-on-stress-management-competency-self-efficacy-and-self-esteem-experienced-by-nursing-students
#11
Ulrik Terp, Fredrik Hjärthag, Birgitta Bisholt
Nursing students' exposure to stress negatively affects both academic and clinical performance and potentially their future as professional nurses. This pilot study measured the effects of a 10-week cognitive behavioral therapy-based stress management program, using a quasi-experimental design. Independent t tests showed positive effects of the training program compared with a control group. Students' perceived stress management competency, self-efficacy, and self-esteem were higher 1 year after the intervention...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286282/an-assessment-of-emotional-intelligence-in-emergency-medicine-resident-physicians
#12
Dimitrios Papanagnou, Kathryn Linder, Anuj Shah, Kory Scott London, Shruti Chandra, Robin Naples
Objectives: To define the emotional intelligence (EI) profile of emergency medicine (EM) residents, and identify resident EI strengths and weaknesses. Methods: First-, second-, and third-year residents (post-graduate years [PGY] 1, 2, and 3, respectively) of Thomas Jefferson University Hospital's EM Program completed the Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i 2.0), a validated instrument offered by Multi-Health Systems. Reported scores included total mean EI, 5 composite scores, and 15 subscales of EI...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283451/investigating-the-influence-of-intra-individual-changes-in-perceived-stress-symptoms-on-injury-risk-in-soccer
#13
Damien Clement, Andreas Ivarsson, Ulrika Tranaeus, Urban Johnson, Andreas Stenling
Research has shown that high levels of stress and stress responsivity can increase the risk of injuries. However, most of the research that has supported this notion has focused on between-person relationships, ignoring the relationships at the within-person level. As a result, the objective of this study was to investigate if within-person changes in perceived stress symptoms over a one-month time period could predict injury rates during the subsequent three months. A prospective design with two measurement points (Time 1 - at the beginning of the season and Time 2 - one month into the season) was utilized...
December 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281315/determining-the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-and-social-appearance-anxiety
#14
Nevin Sanlier, Merve Pehlivan, Güleren Sabuncular, Sevinç Bakan, Yeşim Isguzar
The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between nutritional status, healthy lifestyle behaviors and social appearance anxiety of individuals aged 20-65 (n = 500). A significant, positive relationship was seen between body mass index and nutrition, and negative relationship between body mass index and spiritual development, interpersonal relations, stress management. There was a negative relationship between the ORTO-15 score and health responsibility, physical activity, nutrition, spiritual development, interpersonal relationships, stress management...
December 27, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275906/optimizing-performance-through-stress-training-an-educational-strategy-for-surgical-residents
#15
Michael B Goldberg, Michael Mazzei, Zoë Maher, Joel H Fish, Richard Milner, Daohai Yu, Amy J Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Stress management programs improve efficacy in aviation, military, and professional sports; however, similar educational strategies have not been adopted in surgical training. We have evaluated the effectiveness of a stress management program for surgical residents. METHODS: From 2011 to 2016, 137 surgical residents participated in a prospective, blinded study. The intervention group (n = 65) underwent training in self-awareness, focus, relaxation, positive self-talk, visualization, and team building...
December 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261007/stress-and-coping-strategies-among-nursing-students-an-international-study
#16
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Ioanna V Papathanasiou, Olaide B Edet, Konstantinos Tsaras, Michael C Leocadio, Paolo Colet, Christos F Kleisiaris, Evangelos C Fradelos, Rheajane A Rosales, Katherine Vera Santos-Lucas, Pearl Irish T Velacaria
BACKGROUND: Mounting literature on stress and coping in nursing students are available; however, most of the findings are confined to a single cultural group. AIMS: This study was conducted to determine the level of stress, its sources and coping strategies among nursing students from three countries: Greece, the Philippines and Nigeria. METHODS: Using a descriptive, comparative research design, 547 nursing students (161 Greek nursing students, 153 Filipino nursing students, 233 Nigerian nursing students) participated in the study from August 2015 to April 2016...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260708/-the-epic-healthcare-system-in-denmark
#17
Nadia Landex
In 2016 the first Danish hospitals adopted "Sundhedsplatformen", the Danish version of the Epic electronic health record. There has been much discussion about the perceived shortcomings of Sundhedsplatformen. This article reviews documents, that the introduction of electronic health records is associated with an increase in time spent on charting and an increase in errors. Even after several years of working with electronic health records physicians may consider themselves less than proficient in the use of the electronic health record...
December 11, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260423/maghemite-nanoparticles-acts-as-nanozymes-improving-growth-and-abiotic-stress-tolerance-in-brassica-napus
#18
N G Martin Palmqvist, Gulaim A Seisenbaeva, Peter Svedlindh, Vadim G Kessler
Yttrium doping-stabilized γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles were studied for its potential to serve as a plant fertilizer and, through enzymatic activity, support drought stress management. Levels of both hydrogen peroxide and lipid peroxidation, after drought, were reduced when γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles were delivered by irrigation in a nutrient solution to Brassica napus plants grown in soil. Hydrogen peroxide was reduced from 151 to 83 μM g-1 compared to control, and the malondialdehyde formation was reduced from 36 to 26 mM g-1...
December 19, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247572/identifying-potential-molecular-factors-involved-in-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-5113-mediated-abiotic-stress-tolerance-in-wheat
#19
Islam A Abd El-Daim, Sarosh Bejai, Ingela Fridborg, Johan Meijer
Abiotic stressors are main limiting factors for agricultural production around the world. Plant growth promoting bacteria have been successfully used to improve abiotic stress tolerance in several crops including wheat. However, the molecular changes involved in the improvement of stress management are poorly understood. The present investigation intended to address some molecular factors involved in bacterially induced plant abiotic stress responses by identifying some differentially expressed genes in wheat (Triticum aestivum) seedlings treated with the beneficial bacterium Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp...
December 16, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243175/survival-of-the-drowsiest-the-hibernating-100s-ribosome-in-bacterial-stress-management
#20
REVIEW
David W Gohara, Mee-Ngan F Yap
In response to nutrient deprivation and environmental insults, bacteria conjoin two copies of non-translating 70S ribosomes that form the translationally inactive 100S dimer. This widespread phenomenon is believed to prevent ribosome turnover and serves as a reservoir that, when conditions become favorable, allows the hibernating ribosomes to be disassembled and recycled for translation. New structural studies have revealed two distinct mechanisms for dimerizing 70S ribosomes, but the molecular basis of the disassembly process is still in its infancy...
December 14, 2017: Current Genetics
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