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Chelsea R Amiel, Hannah M Fisher, Charles S Carver, Michael H Antoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2016: Future Oncology
Zhe Meng, Cristina Ruberti, Zhizhong Gong, Federica Brandizzi
Completion of a plant's life cycle depends on successful prioritization of signaling favoring either growth or defense. Although hormones are pivotal regulators of growth-defense tradeoffs, the underlying signaling mechanisms remain obscure. The unfolded protein response (UPR) is essential for physiological growth as well as endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-stress management in unfavorable growth conditions. The plant UPR transducers are the kinase and ribonuclease IRE1 and the transcription factors bZIP28 and bZIP60...
October 16, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
L Guillod, S Habersaat, M Suter, T Jeanneret, C Bertoni, P Stéphan, S Urben
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a stressful period where important biological, psychological and social changes occur. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable during this developmental period and can use various strategies to deal with daily stress, such as substance use or externalizing behaviors. In previous studies, stress in adolescents with externalizing behaviors was often linked to ineffective cognitive coping strategies (i.e., constructive thinking) and overlooking the biological aspects involved in stress management such as neuroendocrine regulation...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
Hafiz Mamoon Rehman, Zahid Hussain Shah, Muhammad Amjad Nawaz, Muhammad Qadir Ahmad, Seung Hwan Yang, Kang Hee Kho, Gyuhwa Chung
This review provides an insight into the beta-cyanoalanine synthase pathway in higher plants for cyanide (CN) detoxification and describes how it contributes to various physiological activities, such as plant growth and development. In higher plants, CN is produced as a natural toxin through the biosynthesis of ethylene and camalexin, the degradation of glucosinolates and cyanogenic glycosides, the oxidation of amino acids, and the metabolism of glyoxylate and hydroxylamine. To maintain cellular homeostasis by maintaining CN at non-toxic levels, plants have evolved four different biochemical pathways: the β-cyanoalanine synthase pathway (beta-CASP), the thiocyanate pathway, the formamide hydrolase pathway, and the natural release of CN through volatilization...
October 15, 2016: Planta
John R Wingard, William A Wood, Michael Martens, Jennifer Le-Rademacher, Brent Logan, Jennifer M Knight, Paul B Jacobsen, Heather Jim, Navneet S Majhail, Karen Syrjala, J Douglas Rizzo, Stephanie J Lee
Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network (BMT CTN) Protocol 0902 evaluated whether exercise and stress management training prior to hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) improved physical and mental functioning after HCT. Neither overall survival nor other patient-reported transplant outcomes were improved by the training intervention. In some animal studies of HCT, moderate intensity exercise for 8 weeks before HCT has been associated with positive effects on hematopoietic progenitors resulting in improved donor engraftment and improved survival...
October 11, 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Navdeep Kaur, Kamal Kirat, Shivani Saini, Isha Sharma, Pascal Gantet, Pratap Kumar Pati
Salinity stress is one of the major environmental challenges which adversely affects plant growth and productivity. The acquisition of salinity stress tolerance has been an interesting area of investigation for plant abiotic stress management. Recently, we investigated the interdependency of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generating and scavenging system for offering salt stress adaptation in rice. In continuation to our earlier findings, in the present study we analysed the transcript level expression of different respiratory burst oxidase homologs (Rbohs) genes in salt sensitive and salt tolerant cultivars of rice to corroborate this result with their activities...
October 14, 2016: Plant Signaling & Behavior
Fariba Samadian, Nooshin Dalili, Ali Jamalian
Hypertension is the most important, modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality. High salt intake may predispose children to develop hypertension later. A modest reduction in population salt intake worldwide would result in a major improvement in public health. Regarding smoking as another risk factor, there are various strategies that can be used to promote smoking cessation. Physicians are in an excellent position to help their patients stop smoking. Targeted weight loss interventions in population subgroups might be more effective for the prevention of hypertension than a general-population approach...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Chandra Prakash, S V Amitha Mithra, Praveen K Singh, T Mohapatra, N K Singh
BACKGROUND: Drought stress tolerance for crop improvement is an important goal worldwide. Drought is a complex trait, and it is vital to understand the complex physiological, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms of drought tolerance to tackle it effectively. Osmotic adjustment, oxidative stress management (OSM), and cell membrane stability (CMS) are major components of cellular tolerance under drought stress. In the current study, we explored the molecular basis of OSM in the drought tolerant rice variety, Nagina 22 and compared it with the popular drought sensitive rice variety, IR 64, under drought imposed at the reproductive stage, to understand how the parental polymorphisms correlate with the superiority of Nagina 22 and tolerant bulk populations under drought...
October 4, 2016: BMC Genomics
Kelsey Merison, Howard Jacobs
While the diagnosis of migraine in children is generally straightforward, treatment can seem complex with a number of medication choices, many of which are used "off label." Patients with intermittent migraines can often be managed with ibuprofen or naproxen taken as needed. Unfortunately, by the time that children present to our practice, they have often tried these medications without improvement. Triptans are frequently prescribed to these patients with good success. It is important to make the patient aware of the possible associated serotonergic reactions...
November 2016: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
Teresa A Lapa, Filipa M Madeira, Joaquim S Viana, José Pinto-Gouveia
Anaesthesiologists face stressful working conditions that can culminate in burnout syndrome. Despite various studies and protective measures which have attempted to prevent this situation, burnout continues to be a problem within the profession, impacting negatively on physicians' lives and their performance. In this review article mechanisms and consequences of burnout are described in addition to individual strategies for stress management and burnout reduction with potential impact on health care quality and wellbeing in anaesthesiologists...
October 4, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Ildiko Tombor, Lion Shahab, Jamie Brown, David Crane, Susan Michie, Robert West
Pregnant smokers may benefit from digital smoking cessation interventions, but few have been designed for this population. The aim was to transparently report the development of a smartphone app designed to aid smoking cessation during pregnancy. The development of a smartphone app ('SmokeFree Baby') to help pregnant women stop smoking was guided by frameworks for developing complex interventions, including the Medical Research Council (MRC), Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) and Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW)...
October 3, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Lauren Bishop-Fitzpatrick, Nancy J Minshew, Carla A Mazefsky, Shaun M Eack
This study examined differences between adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; N = 40) and typical community volunteers (N = 25) on measures of stressful life events, perceived stress, and biological stress response (cardiovascular and cortisol reactivity) during a novel social stress task. Additional analyses examined the relationship between stress and social functioning as measured by the Social Adjustment Scale-II and the Waisman Activities of Daily Living scale. Results indicated that adults with ASD experienced significantly more stressful life events and perceived stress, and greater systolic blood pressure reactivity than typical community volunteers...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Carl J Lavie, Arthur R Menezes, Alban De Schutter, Richard V Milani, James A Blumenthal
The role of psychological risk factors has been under-recognized in most subspecialties of medicine, as well as in general medicine practices. However, considerable evidence indicates that psychosocial factors are involved in the pathogenesis and progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Emerging data from cardiac rehabilitation (CR) settings and CR exercise training (CRET) programs have demonstrated the value of comprehensive CRET to improve psychological functioning and reduce all-cause mortality. Recent evidence also supports the role of CRET and the added value of stress management training in the secondary prevention of CVD...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Michael H Antoni, Laura C Bouchard, Jamie M Jacobs, Suzanne C Lechner, Devika R Jutagir, Lisa M Gudenkauf, Charles S Carver, Susan Lutgendorf, Steven W Cole, Marc Lippman, Bonnie B Blomberg
PURPOSE: Cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM) is an empirically-validated group-based psychosocial intervention. CBSM is related to decreased self-reported indicators of psychological adversity during breast cancer treatment and greater disease-free survival (DFS) vs. a control condition. This study examined relationships between CBSM, DFS, and a potential biobehavioral pathway linking these variables in breast cancer patients through a gene expression composite representing the leukocyte conserved transcriptional response to adversity (CTRA)...
September 24, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Amy E Vinson, David Zurakowski, Gail I Randel, Kathy D Schlecht
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of anesthesiology department wellness programs is unknown. A database of wellness programs is needed as a resource for departments attempting to respond to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Anesthesiology Milestones Project. The purpose of this study was to survey academic anesthesiology chairs on wellness issues, characterize initiatives, and establish wellness contacts for a Wellness Initiative Database (WID). DESIGN: An Internet-based survey instrument was distributed to academic anesthesiology department chairs in the United States...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Anne Petersen, Madeleine Zetterberg
Purpose: The immunoproteasome is known to generate peptides for antigen presentation. However, it has also been proposed to have additional functions such as stress response. The propensity of the immunoproteasome for degradation of oxidatively damaged proteins and peptides makes it interesting in the context of cataract formation and prevention. This study hypothesized that the immunoproteasome is present in human cataractous lenses and that oxidative stress will induce its expression, affect its proteolytic activity and its intracellular location in native cultured human lens epithelial cells (HLECs)...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Mohammad Reza Abarghouei, Mohammad Hossein Sorbi, Mehdi Abarghouei, Reza Bidaki, Shirin Yazdanpoor
INTRODUCTION: Job stress has become one of the main factors in reducing efficiency and the loss of human resources that may cause physical and psychological adverse effects in employees. Hospital personnel are facing different stressful events, such as birth, pain and death, in a single day. Hence, identifying the job stress rates and related factors may be effective in offering proper strategies. Therefore, the present research was done to study the rate of job stress and burnout in hospital personnel and compare some of the related factors in hospitals personnel of Yazd, Iran...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
Thecla Damianakis, Kimberley Wilson, Elsa Marziali
OBJECTIVES: Caregiving for people with neurodegenerative disease (e.g. Alzheimer's disease (AD); frontotemporal dementia (FTD)) is provided primarily by the family care system. Caregiving is taxing and much of the caregiving research is guided by a stress/adaptation theoretical perspective. Within this theoretical model, the role of spirituality in rendering meaning to the caregiver role remains unexplored. We conducted a qualitative analysis of expressions of spirituality and its meaningfulness during the caregiving journey within the context of an online video conferencing support group intervention program...
September 20, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Lucia Maria Lotrean, Edna Arillo Santillan, James Thrasher, Valeria Laza
AIM: The present study investigates the evolution of illicit drug use among Romanian university students from 1999 to 2011. METHODS: The study was performed in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, in three phases: in 1999 (T1), in 2003 (T2) and in 2011 (T3). The study was carried out by means of anonymous questionnaires among university students aged 19-24. RESULTS: The results show that among girls the lifetime illicit drugs use increased statistically significantly from 2...
March 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
C Holmberg, R Muckelbauer, G Sarganas, V Braun, C Heintze, L Dini, J Müller-Nordhorn
Aim of the study: According to the German social insurance code §20 Sec. 1, statutory health insurance companies can reimburse up to 80% of costs incurred by primary prevention programs in physical activity, nutrition, stress management and drug consumption. Whether and how many general practitioners (GPs) provide their patients with information on such programs as part of their own practice is unknown. In this study, we investigate to which primary prevention programs primary care physicians refer their patients and whether they take into account reimbursability of programs...
September 16, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
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