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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925448/overload-and-cutbacks-and-freezes-oh-my-the-relative-effects-of-the-recession-related-stressors-on-employee-strain-and-job-satisfaction
#1
Morgan D Jones, Michael Sliter, Robert R Sinclair
Across the globe, economic fluctuations have taken their toll on both organizations and employees, particularly during sustained recessions. Surprisingly, little research, however, has directly investigated the effects of recessions on employees. As such, the goal of the current study was to investigate the effects of specific recession-related stressors on employee outcomes (strain and satisfaction). We investigated an archival data set of 7666 individuals collected as part of the Workplace Employment Relations Study for relations among recession-related stressors with strain and job satisfaction variables...
December 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924284/effect-of-education-intervention-on-lifestyle-of-patients-with-hypertension-among-the-rural-population-of-lorestan-province
#2
Hajar Shayesteh, Amin Mirzaei, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Mostafa Qorbani, Morteza Mansourian
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the most common chronic health problems across the world, resulting in significant global responsibility in developed and developing countries. The aim of this study was to survey the effect of educational intervention on the lifestyle of patients with hypertension. METHODS: This study was a case-control intervention study on 86 patients with hypertension that were selected by simple random sampling from the rural regions of Aligoudarz County in Lorestan Province...
September 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922915/lifestyle-behaviors-perceived-stress-and-inflammation-of-individuals-with-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease
#3
Debra Lynch Kelly, Debra E Lyon, Deidre Periera, Cynthia Garvan, John Wingard
BACKGROUND: Stress is a potent immunomodulator contributing to chronic conditions. Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is a life-threatening late effect of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation associated with stress and exaggerated immune response that may be associated to lifestyle behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore associations among lifestyle behaviors, perceived stress, and inflammation of individuals with cGVHD. METHODS: A secondary analysis from a prospective observational study of 24 adults (≥18 years) with cGVHD was conducted...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922227/increasing-knowledge-and-confidence-in-behavioral-change-a-pilot-study
#4
Elizabeth P Frates, Ryan C Xiao, Kate Simeon, Tracie McCargo, Michelle Guo, Theodore A Stern
Objective: To assess whether and how effectively an interactive presentation about lifestyle medicine could impact the knowledge and attitudes of medical students to prepare them for managing chronic conditions in their patients. Chronic diseases are increasingly prevalent and problematic. Although chronic disease management involves lifestyle modification, few physicians are adequately trained in effective motivational interventions. Methods: We surveyed first- and second-year Harvard Medical School students in October 2015 before and after a presentation on lifestyle medicine and quantified changes in their knowledge, attitudes/confidence, and skills...
November 24, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904636/effect-of-cognitive-behavioral-stress-management-program-on-psychosomatic-patients-quality-of-life
#5
Zahra Ghazavi, Esmat Rahimi, Mohsen Yazdani, Hamid Afshar
BACKGROUND: Level of stress and its management affects the dimensions of psychosomatic patients' quality of life (QoL), which is an important psychological issue. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of cognitive behavioral stress management program on psychosomatic patients' QoL. In cognitive behavioral method, patients discover thought and behavioral mistakes and recover them. The criterion to evaluate the success of the present study was measurement of the patients' QoL and its notable improvement after intervention...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900752/-parenting-and-nursing-issues-faced-by-parents-during-the-hospitalization-of-their-preterm-infants
#6
Min-Hsueh Weng, Hung-Chieh Chou
Preterm labor is often a sudden event that impacts significantly on the health of the premature infant and on parenting behaviors. The prognosis for premature infants correlates positively with the effectiveness of parenting. Therefore, encouraging parental functions is important. The present paper reviews the literature on the concept of family-centered care in the contexts of premature-infant health problems, assesses the impacts of preterm birth on the parental role, and assesses the influences of parental dysfunction...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895699/resilience-and-burnout-status-among-nurses-working-in-oncology
#7
Sevinc Kutluturkan, Elif Sozeri, Nese Uysal, Figen Bay
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the resilience and burnout status of nurses working in the field of oncology. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted with 140 oncology nurses. The data were collected using a socio-demographic attributes form, Resilience Scale for Adults, and the Maslach's Burnout Inventory. Percentage ratios, mean and median values, Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney U test, correlation analysis, and multiple stepwise linear regression analysis were used to evaluate the data...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891358/the-effect-of-stress-management-training-through-precede-proceed-model-on-occupational-stress-among-nurses-and-midwives-at-iran-hospital-iranshahr
#8
Mahnaz Didehvar, Iraj Zareban, Zahra Jalili, Nour-Mohammad Bakhshani, Mahnaz Shahrakipoor, Abbas Balouchi
INTRODUCTION: Occupational stress is a major factor in hindering the performance of nurses and midwives and developing physical and mental complications in them. Given that these two groups are in direct contact with patients more than other medical staff and stress management training can be effective in the reduction of occupational stress among the nurses and midwives. AIM: This study was set out to compare the effect of a PRECEDE-PROCEED based stress management training program on the occupational stress of the nurses and midwives...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882787/nurses-views-on-workplace-wellbeing-programmes
#9
Nicola Wright, Melissa Zakarin, Holly Blake
Workplace stress is prevalent among nurses. Healthcare employers have implemented complementary and alternative therapies (CATs) for relaxation and stress management within workplace wellbeing programmes. In-depth interviews were conducted with 12 registered nurses to explore the perceptions and experiences of nurses towards accessing CATs in and outside the workplace. Interviews were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analysed using conventional, qualitative thematic techniques. Themes identified were 'perceptions of complementary and alternative therapies for stress management' and 'engagement with workplace wellness schemes'...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882246/the-impact-of-perceived-stress-and-coping-adequacy-on-the-health-of-nurses-a-pilot-investigation
#10
Timothy R Jordan, Jagdish Khubchandani, Michael Wiblishauser
Stress and coping abilities influence the health and work performance of nurses. However, little is known about the combined influence of stress perception and perceived coping adequacy and its impact on the health of nurses. This study examined the relationship between stress, coping, and the combined influences of perceived stress and coping abilities on health and work performance. A valid and reliable questionnaire was completed by 120 nurses in a Midwestern hospital in the USA. In general, the nurses were not healthy: 92% had moderate-to-very high stress levels; 78% slept less than 8 hours of sleep per night; 69% did not exercise regularly; 63% consumed less than 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day; and 22% were classified as binge drinkers...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881178/measuring-stress-in-medical-education-validation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-higher-education-stress-inventory-with-medical-students
#11
Eun-Jung Shim, Hong Jin Jeon, Hana Kim, Kwang-Min Lee, Dooyoung Jung, Hae-Lim Noh, Myoung-Sun Roh, Bong-Jin Hahm
BACKGROUND: Medical students face a variety of stressors associated with their education; if not promptly identified and adequately dealt with, it may bring about several negative consequences in terms of mental health and academic performance. This study examined psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Higher Education Stress Inventory (K-HESI). METHODS: The reliability and validity of the K-HESI were examined in a large scale multi-site survey involving 7110 medical students...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878848/the-effectiveness-of-the-cope-healthy-lifestyles-teen-program-a-school-based-intervention-in-middle-school-adolescents-with-12-month-follow-up
#12
Aysun Ardic, Semra Erdogan
AIM: The goal of this study is to assess the applicability and long-term effectiveness of the T-COPE Healthy TEEN program on adolescent health. BACKGROUND: Obesity and mental health disorders are major public health problems in adolescents. In this context, including long-term and multiple behavioural obesity prevention programs are becoming increasingly important. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design with pre-test/post-test control group and repeated measurements METHODS: Eighty-seven (45 in intervention group, 42 in control group) adolescents were included from two different middle schools in the intervention program...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864981/interventions-for-nurses-well-being-at-work-a-quantitative-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Johanna Romppanen, Arja Häggman-Laitila
AIM: To gather, assess and synthesize current research knowledge on the interventions aiming to improve nurses' well-being at work. BACKGROUND: Previous reviews describe health care professionals' well-being at work from the perspective of burnout. Research on the interventions for and their effectiveness on nurses' well-being at work is sporadic. DESIGN: A quantitative systematic review based on the procedure of the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858206/exploring-the-need-for-interventions-to-manage-weight-and-stress-during-interconception
#14
Jennifer Huberty, Jenn A Leiferman, Abbey R Kruper, Lisette T Jacobson, Molly E Waring, Jeni L Matthews, Danielle M Wischenka, Betty Braxter, Sara L Kornfield
Interventions to manage weight and stress during the interconception period (i.e., time immediately following childbirth to subsequent pregnancy) are needed to promote optimal maternal and infant health outcomes. To address this gap, we summarize the current state of knowledge, critically evaluate the research focused on weight and stress management during the interconception period, and provide future recommendations for research in this area. Evidence supports the importance of weight and stress management during the reproductive years and the impact of weight on maternal and child health outcomes...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843473/relationship-of-attachment-styles-and-emotional-intelligence-with-marital-satisfaction
#15
Amir Reza Kamel Abbasi, Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei, Hamidreza Aghamohammadiyan Sharbaf, Hossein Karshki
BACKGROUND: The early relationships between infant and care takers are significant and the emotional interactions of these relationships play an important role in forming personality and adulthood relationships. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to investigate the relationship of attachment styles (AS) and emotional intelligence (EI) with marital satisfaction (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional research, 450 married people (226 male, 224 female) were selected using multistage sampling method in Mashhad, Iran, in 2011...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831479/testing-the-utility-of-a-bio-neuropsychosocial-model-for-predicting-medical-adherence-and-responsibility-during-early-adolescence-in-youth-with-spina-bifida
#16
Alexandra M Psihogios, Caitlin Murray, Kathy Zebracki, Laura Acevedo, Grayson N Holmbeck
OBJECTIVES : The present longitudinal, multi-method, and multi-informant study examined biological, neuropsychological, and social predictors of medical adherence and responsibility among early adolescents with spina bifida (SB). METHODS : Youth with SB (M age = 11.40 at Time 1) and their parents and teachers completed surveys, and families and peers completed observational assessments, at two biennial data collection time points (n = 112 for both time points). Multinomial logistic regressions tested predictors of group membership (adherent vs...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827940/psychometric-properties-of-a-36-item-version-of-the-stress-management-competency-indicator-tool
#17
Stefano Toderi, Guido Sarchielli
The development of supervisors' behaviours has been proposed as an innovative approach for the reduction of employees' work stress. The UK Health and Safety Executive (HSE) developed the "Stress Management Competency Indicator Tool" (SMCIT), designed to be used within a learning and development intervention. However, its psychometric properties have never been evaluated, and the length of the questionnaire (66 items) limits its practical applicability. We developed a brief 36-item version of the questionnaire, assessed its psychometric properties and studied the relationship with the employees' psychosocial work environment...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826330/management-of-patients-with-long-qt-syndrome
#18
REVIEW
Yongkeun Cho
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a rare cardiac channelopathy associated with syncope and sudden death due to torsades de pointes and ventricular fibrillation. Syncope and sudden death are frequently associated with physical and emotional stress. Management of patients with LQTS consists of life-style modification, β-blockers, left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD), and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation. Prohibition of competitive exercise and avoidance of QT-prolonging drugs are important issues in life-style modification...
November 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817180/a-self-administered-stress-management-intervention-for-hispanic-patients-undergoing-cancer-chemotherapy
#19
Claudia X Aguado Loi, Teresa M Nesman, Ping Xu, Teletia R Taylor, Susan McMillan, Jeffrey P Krischer, Vida L Tyc, Margaret Gross-King, Viki Huegel
This study evaluated whether a self-administered stress management training (SSMT) could improve quality of life (QOL) and reduce distress among Hispanics receiving chemotherapy across multiple community clinical settings. Participants were randomized to receive SSMT (n = 106) or usual care (UCO) (n = 113). The primary outcome-QOL (SF-36) and secondary outcomes depression (CES-D), and anxiety (STAI) were assessed longitudinally over four chemotherapy cycles. Acculturation (BAS) and patients' intervention adherence were assessed...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816800/interventions-that-target-improvements-in-mental-health-for-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Nikko S Da Paz, Jan L Wallander
Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) suggest that one in 68 children is affected. With convincing evidence that parenting a child with ASD is associated with elevated distress and mental health problems, researchers have begun to investigate treatments that directly target parents' psychological well-being. We conducted a narrative review of studies that empirically tested the effects of interventions targeting improvements in the mental health of parents of children with ASD. Following a range of search strategies, a total of 13 studies, seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and six pre-post test designs, met inclusion criteria...
October 27, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
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