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Silicate Calcium Phosphate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532089/a-poly-2-hydroxyethyl-methacrylate-based-resin-improves-the-dentin-remineralizing-ability-of-calcium-silicates
#1
Paola Taddei, Carlo Prati, Maria Giovanna Gandolfi
Bioactive polymeric composites have received great attention for their capability to remineralize the dentin tissue. This study was aimed at evaluating if a poly(HEMA-co-TEGDMA) resin (HEMA: 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate; TEGDMA: triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate) may increase the in vitro apatite forming ability of a calcium silicate cement (CaSi), in view of developing a hydrophilic light-curable composite bio-remineralizing restorative material (R-CaSi). To this purpose, the following experiments were carried out: (1) In vitro apatite forming ability of R-CaSi and CaSi was comparatively assessed by micro-Raman spectroscopy after immersion of the cement disks in Dulbecco's Phosphate Buffered Saline (DPBS) at 37°C for 1-28days; (2) Previously demineralized human dentin slices were soaked for 7days in close contact with the CaSi and R-CaSi cements as well as poly(HEMA), poly(TEGDMA) and poly(HEMA-co-TEGDMA), and then were comparatively analyzed by IR spectroscopy...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470849/influence-of-early-mineral-deposits-of-silicate-and-aluminate-based-cements-on-push-out-bond-strength-to-root-dentine
#2
S Silva do Carmo, F F P Néspoli, L Bachmann, C E S Miranda, L M S Castro-Raucci, I R Oliveira, W Raucci-Neto
AIM: To evaluate mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), Biodentine, and several formulations of calcium aluminate cements (CACb) in terms of their ability to release calcium ions (Ca(2+) ) and form apatite-like precipitates after short-term immersion in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and its influence on the bond strength to the root-end cavity. METHODOLOGY: Ten samples of MTA, Biodentine, CACb, and calcium-enriched aluminate cement (CACb+) were placed in contact with PBS or deionized water for 14 days...
May 4, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452115/properties-of-neomta-plus-and-mta-plus-cements-for-endodontics
#3
F Siboni, P Taddei, C Prati, M G Gandolfi
AIM: To test a novel calcium silicate cement mixed with a water-based gel (NoeMTA Plus) with regards to chemical-physical properties and apatite forming ability. METHODOLOGY: NeoMTA Plus (Avalon Biomed Inc. Bradenton, FL, USA; lot. 2014090301), and a commercial MTA-based material with similar properties (MTA Plus, Prevest Denpro Limited, Jammu, India; lot. 41001) were tested for ion-releasing ability, initial and final setting times, radiopacity, open and impervious porosity and apparent porosity, water sorption, weight loss, solubility, ability to nucleate calcium phosphates (CaP) after immersion in HBSS (Hank's Balance Salt Solution) by ESEM-EDX and Micro-Raman spectroscopy...
April 28, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415532/preparation-of-micro-porous-bioceramic-containing-silicon-substituted-hydroxyapatite-and-beta-tricalcium-phosphate
#4
Lih-Jyh Fuh, Ya-Jing Huang, Wen-Cheng Chen, Dan-Jae Lin
Dimensional instability caused by sintering shrinkage is an inevitable drawback for conventional processing of hydroxyapatite (HA). A new preparation method for biphasic calcium phosphates was developed to increase micro pores and biodegradation without significant dimensional change. Powder pressed HA discs, under 100MPa, were immersed in a colloidal mixture of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and ammonium hydroxide for 10min, followed by drying, and then were sintered at 900°C, 1050°C, and 1200°C, respectively...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292596/why-biphasic-assessment-of-the-effect-on-cell-proliferation-and-expression
#5
Pierre Schembri-Wismayer, Josette Camilleri
INTRODUCTION: Tricalcium silicate (TCS)-based materials are used in endodontics because they are hydraulic and interact with blood, tissue fluids, and phosphate-based root canal irrigants, resulting in biomineralization. Newer-generation materials are biphasic; calcium phosphate is added to the TCS; thus, the material has 2 cementitious phases. The effect of this addition is not known; thus, the aim of this study was to characterize biphasic cements and assess cellular proliferation and expression...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269742/improving-the-biocompatibility-of-tobermorite-by-incorporating-calcium-phosphate-clusters
#6
Hirotaka Maeda, Tomoyuki Tamura, Toshihiro Kasuga
BACKGROUND: In our earlier work, tobermorite containing calcium phosphate (CP) clusters (CP-Tob) was hydrothermally prepared in the CaO-SiO2-P2O5-H2O system for biomedical applications. OBJECTIVE: CP-Tob was used to investigate the influence of CP cluster incorporation on its biocompatibility. METHODS: Tobermorite samples with and without CP clusters were hydrothermally prepared at 180°C for 40 h. The biocompatibility, structure, and density of states of the tobermorite samples were investigated by experimental and first principles methods...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183671/effect-of-phosphorus-precursors-on-the-structure-of-bioactive-calcium-phosphate-silicate-systems
#7
Katalin Sinkó, Anikó Meiszterics, János Rohonczy, Balázs Kobzi, Shiro Kubuki
The main aim of this work was to synthesize calcium phosphate silicate bioceramics by a low energy-consuming sol-gel method applying various phosphorous precursors (triethyl phosphate, phosphoric acid, and ammonium hydrogen phosphate). The investigations concentrated on the influence of phosphorous initial compounds on the bond and crystalline structures and the material quality. The application of the alkoxide and inorganic P-precursors results in considerably different textures. The inorganic PO4-containing precursors lead to sol formations...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183631/in-vitro-stimulation-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-by-borate-based-glass-fibers-under-dynamic-flow-conditions
#8
Sisi Chen, Qingbo Yang, Richard K Brow, Kun Liu, Katherine A Brow, Yinfa Ma, Honglan Shi
Bioactive borate glass has been recognized to have both hard and soft tissue repair and regeneration capabilities through stimulating both osteogenesis and angiogenesis. However, the underlying biochemical and cellular mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, dynamic flow culturing modules were designed to simulate the micro-environment near the vascular depletion and hyperplasia area in wound-healing regions, thus to better investigate the mechanisms underlying the biocompatibility and functionality of borate-based glass materials...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155067/removal-and-recovery-of-phosphate-from-water-by-calcium-silicate-composites-novel-adsorbents-made-from-waste-glass-and-shells
#9
Dan Jiang, Yoshimasa Amano, Motoi Machida
The removal and recovery of phosphate from water by calcium-silicate composite (CSC) and alkali-treated calcium-silicate composite (ASC) was investigated. ASC had a higher specific surface area and total pore volume, and exhibited better performance of phosphate adsorption than CSC. In the batch mode adsorption studies, the isotherm adsorption experiments data fitted well the Langmuir isotherm model and the maximum adsorption capacities were 120 and 73.0 mg/g for ASC and for CSC, respectively. For the kinetic study, the experimental data fitted very well the pseudo-second-order kinetic model...
February 2, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140347/properties-of-cao-sio2-p2o5-reinforced-calcium-phosphate-cements-and-in-vitro-osteoblast-response
#10
L Medvecky, R Stulajterova, M Giretova, T Sopcak, M Faberova
Non-cytotoxic and bioactive tetracalcium phosphate/nanomonetite/calcium silicate-phosphate cements were prepared by simple mechanical mixing of starting powder precursors based on acid or basic tetracalcium phosphate/nanomonetite mixtures with 1 or 5 wt% addition of precititated amorphous or crystalline calcium silicate phosphate phases. The small additions (1-2 wt%) of crystalline CaSiP phase caused about a two-fold rise in the compressive strength of cements (up to 70 MPa) with simultaneous preservation of short setting time (around 5 min) and refinement of nanohydroxyapatite particles in microstructure...
March 1, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108959/innovative-root-end-filling-materials-based-on-calcium-silicates-and-calcium-phosphates
#11
Ali Abedi-Amin, Arlinda Luzi, Massimo Giovarruscio, Gaetano Paolone, Atanaz Darvizeh, Victoria Vivó Agulló, Salvatore Sauro
This in vitro study evaluated the apical sealing ability, bioactivity and biocompatibility of an experimental calcium silicate-based and two light-curing calcium silicate/calcium-phosphate cements as potential root end filling materials. A calcium silicate Portland-based (Control PC), an experimental calcium silicate (Exp. PC) and two light-curing cements (LC-CaP; LC-Si/CaP) were assessed for their alkalinising activity (pH) and biocompatibility. Single-rooted human canines were endodontically treated, filled with gutta-percha and finally submitted to apicoectomy...
February 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106165/effects-of-sr-ht-gahnite-on-osteogenesis-and-angiogenesis-by-adipose-derived-stem-cells-for-critical-sized-calvarial-defect-repair
#12
Guifang Wang, Seyed-Iman Roohani-Esfahani, Wenjie Zhang, Kaige Lv, Guangzheng Yang, Xun Ding, Derong Zou, Daxiang Cui, Hala Zreiqat, Xinquan Jiang
Tissue engineering strategies to construct vascularized bone grafts are now attracting much attention. Strontium-hardystonite-Gahnite (Sr-HT-Gahnite) is a strong, highly porous, and biocompatible calcium silicate based bio-ceramic that contains strontium and zinc ions. Adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) have been demonstrated to have the ability in promoting osteogenesis and angiogenesis. In this study, the effects of Sr-HT-Gahnite on cell morphology, cell proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of ASCs were systematically investigated...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043751/bone-incorporation-of-silicate-substituted-calcium-phosphate-in-2-stage-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-histologic-and-radiographic-study
#13
Jan von Recum, Johannes Schwaab, Thorsten Guehring, Paul-Alfred Grützner, Marc Schnetzke
PURPOSE: To evaluate the histologic and radiographic outcomes of using silicate-substituted calcium phosphate (Si-CaP) as bone graft substitute for the augmentation of tunnel defects in 2-stage revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing 2-stage revision ACL reconstruction were included in a prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial between 2012 and 2015. The inclusion criteria were tunnel diameter of the tibial and/or femoral tunnel of 10 mm or greater after failed ACL reconstruction...
December 30, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987674/biodegradable-ceramic-polymer-composites-for-biomedical-applications-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Michal Dziadek, Ewa Stodolak-Zych, Katarzyna Cholewa-Kowalska
The present work focuses on the state-of-the-art of biodegradable ceramic-polymer composites with particular emphasis on influence of various types of ceramic fillers on properties of the composites. First, the general needs to create composite materials for medical applications are briefly introduced. Second, various types of polymeric materials used as matrices of ceramic-containing composites and their properties are reviewed. Third, silica nanocomposites and their material as well as biological characteristics are presented...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977862/evaluation-of-the-ca-ion-release-ph-and-surface-apatite-formation-of-a-prototype-tricalcium-silicate-cement
#15
S Yamamoto, L Han, Y Noiri, T Okiji
AIM: To evaluate the Ca(2+) -releasing, alkalizing, and apatite-like surface precipitate-forming abilities of a prototype tricalcium silicate cement, which was mainly composed of synthetically prepared tricalcium silicate and zirconium oxide radiopacifier. METHODOLOGY: The prototype tricalcium silicate cement, white ProRoot MTA (WMTA), and TheraCal LC (a light-cured resin-modified calcium silicate-filled material) were examined. The chemical compositions were analyzed with a wavelength-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy electron probe microanalyzer with an image observation function (SEM-EPMA)...
December 15, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973852/calcium-silicate-phases-explained-by-high-temperature-resistant-phosphate-probe-molecules
#16
Nicolas Giraudo, Samuel Bergdolt, Jonas Wohlgemuth, Alexander Welle, Rainer Schuhmann, Franz Königer, Peter Thissen
In this work, high-temperature-resistant phosphate molecules are applied to characterize ultrathin (100 nm) calcium silicate (C-S) phases. These C-S phases are synthesized on silicon wafers, and the interaction of phosphates with the C-S phases is studied by means of in situ transmission Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. At room temperature, the chemistry of the system is dominated by the formation of calcium phosphates (C-P). In the case of temperature rising to 1000 °C, the C-S phases are regenerated...
December 27, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939732/ion-release-microstructural-and-biological-properties-of-iroot-bp-plus-and-proroot-mta-exposed-to-an-acidic-environment
#17
Jun Tian, Yuanhe Zhang, Zhihui Lai, Mengjie Li, Yu Huang, Hongwei Jiang, Xi Wei
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated how exposing the novel calcium silicate nanoparticulate bioceramic iRoot BP Plus (Innovative Bioceramix, Vancouver, Canada) to an acidic environment affects ion release from this material and alters MC3T3-E1 preosteoblast viability on and attachment to this material. These factors were compared against those of ProRoot MTA under similar conditions. METHODS: Each material was exposed to phosphate-buffered saline (pH = 7.4) or butyric acid (pH = 5...
January 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750543/phosphorus-removal-from-uasb-reactor-effluent-by-reactive-media-filtration
#18
Raúl Rodríguez-Gómez, Gunno Renman
The phosphorus (P) and BOD7 removal performance of an upflow packed bed reactor (PBR) filled with two reactive filter media was studied over 50 weeks. The lower one-fifth of the reactor was filled with calcium-silicate-hydrate (Sorbulite®) and the upper four-fifth with calcium-silicate (Polonite®). A laboratory-scale upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactor (UASB) delivered wastewater to the PBR. A model was developed to describe the gradient in P concentration change in the reactor, based on reaction kinetics...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623299/radiographic-and-clinical-outcome-of-silicate-substituted-calcium-phosphate-si-cap-ceramic-bone-graft-in-spinal-fusion-procedures
#19
Marjan Alimi, Rodrigo Navarro-Ramirez, Karishma Parikh, Innocent Njoku, Christoph P Hofstetter, Apostolos J Tsiouris, Roger Härtl
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the radiographic and clinical outcome of silicate-substituted calcium phosphate (Si-CaP), utilized as a graft substance in spinal fusion procedures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Specific properties of Si-CaP provide the graft with negative surface charge that can result in a positive effect on the osteoblast activity and neovascularization of the bone. METHODS: This study included those patients who underwent spinal fusion procedures between 2007 and 2011 in which Si-CaP was used as the only bone graft substance...
September 10, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612739/nanostructured-silicate-substituted-calcium-phosphate-nanosicaps-nanoparticles-efficient-calcium-phosphate-based-non-viral-gene-delivery-systems
#20
Sudhanshu Shekhar, Abhijit Roy, Daeho Hong, Prashant N Kumta
Nanostructured ceramic particles, particularly, nanoparticles of calcium phosphate (CaP) remain an attractive option among the various types of non-viral gene delivery vectors studied because of their safety, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and ease of handling as well as their adsorptive capacity for DNA. We have accordingly developed an enhanced version of nanostructured calcium phosphates (NanoCaPs), by substituting known amounts of silicate for phosphate in the hydroxyapatite (HA) lattice (NanoSiCaPs)...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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