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Silicate Calcium Phosphate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292596/why-biphasic-assessment-of-the-effect-on-cell-proliferation-and-expression
#1
Pierre Schembri-Wismayer, Josette Camilleri
INTRODUCTION: Tricalcium silicate (TCS)-based materials are used in endodontics because they are hydraulic and interact with blood, tissue fluids, and phosphate-based root canal irrigants, resulting in biomineralization. Newer-generation materials are biphasic; calcium phosphate is added to the TCS; thus, the material has 2 cementitious phases. The effect of this addition is not known; thus, the aim of this study was to characterize biphasic cements and assess cellular proliferation and expression...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269742/improving-the-biocompatibility-of-tobermorite-by-incorporating-calcium-phosphate-clusters
#2
Hirotaka Maeda, Tomoyuki Tamura, Toshihiro Kasuga
BACKGROUND: In our earlier work, tobermorite containing calcium phosphate (CP) clusters (CP-Tob) was hydrothermally prepared in the CaO-SiO2-P2O5-H2O system for biomedical applications. OBJECTIVE: CP-Tob was used to investigate the influence of CP cluster incorporation on its biocompatibility. METHODS: Tobermorite samples with and without CP clusters were hydrothermally prepared at 180°C for 40 h. The biocompatibility, structure, and density of states of the tobermorite samples were investigated by experimental and first principles methods...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183671/effect-of-phosphorus-precursors-on-the-structure-of-bioactive-calcium-phosphate-silicate-systems
#3
Katalin Sinkó, Anikó Meiszterics, János Rohonczy, Balázs Kobzi, Shiro Kubuki
The main aim of this work was to synthesize calcium phosphate silicate bioceramics by a low energy-consuming sol-gel method applying various phosphorous precursors (triethyl phosphate, phosphoric acid, and ammonium hydrogen phosphate). The investigations concentrated on the influence of phosphorous initial compounds on the bond and crystalline structures and the material quality. The application of the alkoxide and inorganic P-precursors results in considerably different textures. The inorganic PO4-containing precursors lead to sol formations...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183631/in-vitro-stimulation-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-by-borate-based-glass-fibers-under-dynamic-flow-conditions
#4
Sisi Chen, Qingbo Yang, Richard K Brow, Kun Liu, Katherine A Brow, Yinfa Ma, Honglan Shi
Bioactive borate glass has been recognized to have both hard and soft tissue repair and regeneration capabilities through stimulating both osteogenesis and angiogenesis. However, the underlying biochemical and cellular mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, dynamic flow culturing modules were designed to simulate the micro-environment near the vascular depletion and hyperplasia area in wound-healing regions, thus to better investigate the mechanisms underlying the biocompatibility and functionality of borate-based glass materials...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155067/removal-and-recovery-of-phosphate-from-water-by-calcium-silicate-composites-novel-adsorbents-made-from-waste-glass-and-shells
#5
Dan Jiang, Yoshimasa Amano, Motoi Machida
The removal and recovery of phosphate from water by calcium-silicate composite (CSC) and alkali-treated calcium-silicate composite (ASC) was investigated. ASC had a higher specific surface area and total pore volume, and exhibited better performance of phosphate adsorption than CSC. In the batch mode adsorption studies, the isotherm adsorption experiments data fitted well the Langmuir isotherm model and the maximum adsorption capacities were 120 and 73.0 mg/g for ASC and for CSC, respectively. For the kinetic study, the experimental data fitted very well the pseudo-second-order kinetic model...
February 2, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140347/properties-of-cao-sio2-p2o5-reinforced-calcium-phosphate-cements-and-in-vitro-osteoblast-response
#6
Lubomir Medvecky, Radoslava Stulajterova, Tibor Sopcak, Maria Giretova, Maria Faberova
Non-cytotoxic and bioactive tetracalcium phosphate/nanomonetite/calcium silicate-phosphate cements were prepared by simple mechanical mixing of starting powder precursors based on acid or basic tetracalcium phosphate/nanomonetite mixtures with 1 or 5 wt % addition of precititated amorphous or crystalline calcium silicate phosphate phases. The small additions (1-2 wt%) of crystalline CaSiP phase caused about a two-fold rise in the compressive strength of cements (up to 70 MPa) with simultaneous preservation of short setting time (around 5 minutes) and refinement of nanohydroxyapatite particles in microstructure...
January 31, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108959/innovative-root-end-filling-materials-based-on-calcium-silicates-and-calcium-phosphates
#7
Ali Abedi-Amin, Arlinda Luzi, Massimo Giovarruscio, Gaetano Paolone, Atanaz Darvizeh, Victoria Vivó Agulló, Salvatore Sauro
This in vitro study evaluated the apical sealing ability, bioactivity and biocompatibility of an experimental calcium silicate-based and two light-curing calcium silicate/calcium-phosphate cements as potential root end filling materials. A calcium silicate Portland-based (Control PC), an experimental calcium silicate (Exp. PC) and two light-curing cements (LC-CaP; LC-Si/CaP) were assessed for their alkalinising activity (pH) and biocompatibility. Single-rooted human canines were endodontically treated, filled with gutta-percha and finally submitted to apicoectomy...
February 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106165/effects-of-sr-ht-gahnite-on-osteogenesis-and-angiogenesis-by-adipose-derived-stem-cells-for-critical-sized-calvarial-defect-repair
#8
Guifang Wang, Seyed-Iman Roohani-Esfahani, Wenjie Zhang, Kaige Lv, Guangzheng Yang, Xun Ding, Derong Zou, Daxiang Cui, Hala Zreiqat, Xinquan Jiang
Tissue engineering strategies to construct vascularized bone grafts are now attracting much attention. Strontium-hardystonite-Gahnite (Sr-HT-Gahnite) is a strong, highly porous, and biocompatible calcium silicate based bio-ceramic that contains strontium and zinc ions. Adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) have been demonstrated to have the ability in promoting osteogenesis and angiogenesis. In this study, the effects of Sr-HT-Gahnite on cell morphology, cell proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of ASCs were systematically investigated...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043751/bone-incorporation-of-silicate-substituted-calcium-phosphate-in-2-stage-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-histologic-and-radiographic-study
#9
Jan von Recum, Johannes Schwaab, Thorsten Guehring, Paul-Alfred Grützner, Marc Schnetzke
PURPOSE: To evaluate the histologic and radiographic outcomes of using silicate-substituted calcium phosphate (Si-CaP) as bone graft substitute for the augmentation of tunnel defects in 2-stage revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing 2-stage revision ACL reconstruction were included in a prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial between 2012 and 2015. The inclusion criteria were tunnel diameter of the tibial and/or femoral tunnel of 10 mm or greater after failed ACL reconstruction...
December 30, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987674/biodegradable-ceramic-polymer-composites-for-biomedical-applications-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Michal Dziadek, Ewa Stodolak-Zych, Katarzyna Cholewa-Kowalska
The present work focuses on the state-of-the-art of biodegradable ceramic-polymer composites with particular emphasis on influence of various types of ceramic fillers on properties of the composites. First, the general needs to create composite materials for medical applications are briefly introduced. Second, various types of polymeric materials used as matrices of ceramic-containing composites and their properties are reviewed. Third, silica nanocomposites and their material as well as biological characteristics are presented...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977862/evaluation-of-the-ca-ion-release-ph-and-surface-apatite-formation-of-a-prototype-tricalcium-silicate-cement
#11
S Yamamoto, L Han, Y Noiri, T Okiji
AIM: To evaluate the Ca(2+) -releasing, alkalizing, and apatite-like surface precipitate-forming abilities of a prototype tricalcium silicate cement, which was mainly composed of synthetically prepared tricalcium silicate and zirconium oxide radiopacifier. METHODOLOGY: The prototype tricalcium silicate cement, white ProRoot MTA (WMTA), and TheraCal LC (a light-cured resin-modified calcium silicate-filled material) were examined. The chemical compositions were analyzed with a wavelength-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy electron probe microanalyzer with an image observation function (SEM-EPMA)...
December 15, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973852/calcium-silicate-phases-explained-by-high-temperature-resistant-phosphate-probe-molecules
#12
Nicolas Giraudo, Samuel Bergdolt, Jonas Wohlgemuth, Alexander Welle, Rainer Schuhmann, Franz Königer, Peter Thissen
In this work, high-temperature-resistant phosphate molecules are applied to characterize ultrathin (100 nm) calcium silicate (C-S) phases. These C-S phases are synthesized on silicon wafers, and the interaction of phosphates with the C-S phases is studied by means of in situ transmission Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. At room temperature, the chemistry of the system is dominated by the formation of calcium phosphates (C-P). In the case of temperature rising to 1000 °C, the C-S phases are regenerated...
December 27, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939732/ion-release-microstructural-and-biological-properties-of-iroot-bp-plus-and-proroot-mta-exposed-to-an-acidic-environment
#13
Jun Tian, Yuanhe Zhang, Zhihui Lai, Mengjie Li, Yu Huang, Hongwei Jiang, Xi Wei
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated how exposing the novel calcium silicate nanoparticulate bioceramic iRoot BP Plus (Innovative Bioceramix, Vancouver, Canada) to an acidic environment affects ion release from this material and alters MC3T3-E1 preosteoblast viability on and attachment to this material. These factors were compared against those of ProRoot MTA under similar conditions. METHODS: Each material was exposed to phosphate-buffered saline (pH = 7.4) or butyric acid (pH = 5...
January 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750543/phosphorus-removal-from-uasb-reactor-effluent-by-reactive-media-filtration
#14
Raúl Rodríguez-Gómez, Gunno Renman
The phosphorus (P) and BOD7 removal performance of an upflow packed bed reactor (PBR) filled with two reactive filter media was studied over 50 weeks. The lower one-fifth of the reactor was filled with calcium-silicate-hydrate (Sorbulite®) and the upper four-fifth with calcium-silicate (Polonite®). A laboratory-scale upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactor (UASB) delivered wastewater to the PBR. A model was developed to describe the gradient in P concentration change in the reactor, based on reaction kinetics...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623299/radiographic-and-clinical-outcome-of-silicate-substituted-calcium-phosphate-si-cap-ceramic-bone-graft-in-spinal-fusion-procedures
#15
Marjan Alimi, Rodrigo Navarro-Ramirez, Karishma Parikh, Innocent Njoku, Christoph P Hofstetter, Apostolos J Tsiouris, Roger Härtl
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the radiographic and clinical outcome of silicate-substituted calcium phosphate (Si-CaP), utilized as a graft substance in spinal fusion procedures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Specific properties of Si-CaP provide the graft with negative surface charge that can result in a positive effect on the osteoblast activity and neovascularization of the bone. METHODS: This study included those patients who underwent spinal fusion procedures between 2007 and 2011 in which Si-CaP was used as the only bone graft substance...
September 10, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612739/nanostructured-silicate-substituted-calcium-phosphate-nanosicaps-nanoparticles-efficient-calcium-phosphate-based-non-viral-gene-delivery-systems
#16
Sudhanshu Shekhar, Abhijit Roy, Daeho Hong, Prashant N Kumta
Nanostructured ceramic particles, particularly, nanoparticles of calcium phosphate (CaP) remain an attractive option among the various types of non-viral gene delivery vectors studied because of their safety, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and ease of handling as well as their adsorptive capacity for DNA. We have accordingly developed an enhanced version of nanostructured calcium phosphates (NanoCaPs), by substituting known amounts of silicate for phosphate in the hydroxyapatite (HA) lattice (NanoSiCaPs)...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530933/effects-of-an-iron-silicon-material-a-synthetic-zeolite-and-an-alkaline-clay-on-vegetable-uptake-of-as-and-cd-from-a-polluted-agricultural-soil-and-proposed-remediation-mechanisms
#17
Aijun Yao, Yani Wang, Xiaodan Ling, Zhe Chen, Yetao Tang, Hao Qiu, Rongrong Ying, Rongliang Qiu
Economic and highly effective methods of in situ remediation of Cd and As polluted farmland in mining areas are urgently needed. Pot experiments with Brassica chinensis L. were carried out to determine the effects of three soil amendments [a novel iron-silicon material (ISM), a synthetic zeolite (SZ) and an alkaline clay (AC)] on vegetable uptake of As and Cd. SEM-EDS and XRD analyses were used to investigate the remediation mechanisms involved. Amendment with ISM significantly reduced the concentrations of As and Cd in edible parts of B...
April 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523906/properties-of-tricalcium-silicate-sealers
#18
Issam Khalil, Alfred Naaman, Josette Camilleri
INTRODUCTION: Sealers based on tricalcium silicate cement aim at an interaction of the sealer with the root canal wall, alkalinity with potential antimicrobial activity, and the ability to set in a wet field. The aim of this study was to characterize and investigate the properties of a new tricalcium silicate-based sealer and verify its compliance to ISO 6876 (2012). METHODS: A new tricalcium silicate-based sealer (Bio MM; St Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon), BioRoot RCS (Septodont, St Maure de Fosses, France), and AH Plus (Dentsply, DeTrey, Konstanz, Germany) were investigated...
October 2016: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509265/phase-transformations-microstructure-formation-and-in-vitro-osteoblast-response-in-calcium-silicate-brushite-cement-composites
#19
T Sopcak, L Medvecky, M Giretova, A Kovalcikova, R Stulajterova, J Durisin
Self-setting simple calcium silicate/brushite (B) biocements with various Ca/P ratios were prepared by mutual mixing of both monocalcium silicate hydrate (CSH) or β-wollastonite (woll) powders with B and the addition of 2 wt% NaH2PO4 solution as a hardening liquid. The phase composition of the final composites and the texture of the surface calcium phosphate/silica layer were controlled by the starting Ca/P ratio in composites and the pH during setting. It was verified that the presence of continuous bone-like calcium phosphate coating on the surface of the samples was not essential for in vitro osteoblast proliferation...
2016: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466864/stem-cells-in-spine-surgery
#20
Kenneth K Hansraj
INTRODUCTION: Spine surgeons are embracing advanced biologic technologies in an attempt to help millions of people achieve a better outcome in spine surgery. These new technologies may be complicated to understand, partly because the contribution of different types of cells has not been definitively identified. This paper describes the characteristics of the stem cells used in spine surgery, including their actions and possible complications. The description necessitates an overview of all studies to date on the use of stem cells in spine surgery, as well as other cells used in cellular therapy...
July 29, 2016: Surgical Technology International
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