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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333271/childhood-asthma-prevalence-cross-sectional-record-linkage-study-comparing-parent-reported-wheeze-with-general-practitioner-recorded-asthma-diagnoses-from-primary-care-electronic-health-records-in-wales
#1
Lucy J Griffiths, Ronan A Lyons, Amrita Bandyopadhyay, Karen S Tingay, Suzanne Walton, Mario Cortina-Borja, Ashley Akbari, Helen Bedford, Carol Dezateux
Introduction: Electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly used to estimate the prevalence of childhood asthma. The relation of these estimates to those obtained from parent-reported wheezing suggestive of asthma is unclear. We hypothesised that parent-reported wheezing would be more prevalent than general practitioner (GP)-recorded asthma diagnoses in preschool-aged children. Methods: 1529 of 1840 (83%) Millennium Cohort Study children registered with GPs in the Welsh Secure Anonymised Information Linkage databank were linked...
2018: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332860/impact-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-on-body-mass-index-weight-and-height-of-infants-and-toddlers-an-infant-survey
#2
Hiroshi Yokomichi, Hiroko Matsubara, Mami Ishikuro, Masahiro Kikuya, Tsuyoshi Isojima, Susumu Yokoya, Noriko Kato, Toshiaki Tanaka, Shoichi Chida, Atsushi Ono, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Soichiro Tanaka, Shinichi Kuriyama, Shigeo Kure, Zentaro Yamagata
BACKGROUND: The body mass index (BMI) of preschool children from 4 years of age through primary school has increased since the Great East Japan Earthquake, but that of children aged under 3 years has not been studied. This study evaluated how the anthropometrics of younger children changed following the earthquake. METHODS: Height and weight data of children living in northeast Japan were collected from 3-, 6-, 18-, and 42-month child health examinations. We compared the changes in BMI, weight, and height among infants affected by the earthquake between their 3- and 6-month health examinations, toddlers affected at 21-30 months of age (affected groups), and children who experienced the earthquake after their 42-month child health examination (unaffected group)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332093/structure-function-correlation-in-hemianopic-vision-loss-in-children-aged-3-6-years-using-oct-and-svop-and-comparison-with-adult-eyes
#3
Wadim Bowl, Robert Knobloch, Silke Schweinfurth, Kerstin Holve, Knut Stieger, Birgit Lorenz
PURPOSE: To correlate visual field assessment with saccadic vector optokinetic perimetry (SVOP) in children with ganglion cell loss due to anterior pathway pathologies resulting in hemianopic visual field defects measured with optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: 5 young (aged 3-6 years) and 5 adult patients with hemianopia, 10 healthy preschoolers (mean age 4.4 years), and 10 healthy adults (mean age 25.3 years) were tested with SVOP and OCT (focusing on the ganglion cell layer, GCL+)...
January 13, 2018: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331837/spontaneous-focusing-on-numerosity-in-preschool-as-a-predictor-of-mathematical-skills-and-knowledge-in-the-fifth-grade
#4
Cristina E Nanu, Jake McMullen, Petriina Munck, Minna M Hannula-Sormunen
Previous studies in a variety of countries have shown that there are substantial individual differences in children's spontaneous focusing on numerosity (SFON), and these differences are positively related to the development of early numerical skills in preschool and primary school. A total of 74 5-year-olds participated in a 7-year follow-up study, in which we explored whether SFON measured with very small numerosities at 5 years of age predicts mathematical skills and knowledge, math motivation, and reading in fifth grade at 11 years of age...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330315/outcome-of-preterm-infants-with-postnatal-cytomegalovirus-infection
#5
Julia Gunkel, Linda S de Vries, Marian Jongmans, Corine Koopman-Esseboom, Ingrid C van Haastert, Maria C J Eijsermans, Carolien van Stam, Bert G A van Zanten, Tom F W Wolfs, Joppe Nijman
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether preterm infants with postnatal cytomegalovirus infection develop neurologic sequelae in early childhood. METHODS: Infants <32 weeks' gestation were prospectively screened for cytomegalovirus (CMV) at term-equivalent age. Neurodevelopment was compared between CMV-positive and CMV-negative infants by using the Griffiths Mental Development Scales (GMDS) at 16 months' corrected age (CA); the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition or the GMDS at 24 to 30 months' CA; and the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, Third Edition and Movement Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition at 6 years of age...
January 12, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330038/asthmatic-wheezing-phenotypes-in-preschool-children-influential-factors-health-care-and-urban-rural-differences
#6
Susanne Kutzora, Alisa Weber, Stefanie Heinze, Lana Hendrowarsito, Uta Nennstiel-Ratzel, Erika von Mutius, Nina Fuchs, Caroline Herr
BACKGROUND: Different wheezing and asthmatic phenotypes turned out to indicate differences in etiology, risk factors and health care. We examined influential factors and urban-rural differences for different phenotypes. METHODS: Parents of 4732 children filled out a questionnaire concerning children's health and environmental factors administered within the Health Monitoring Units (GME) in a cross-sectional study in Bavaria, Germany (2014/2015). To classify respiratory symptoms, five phenotype groups were built: episodic, unremitting and frequent wheeze, ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Children) - asthma and physician-diagnosed asthma (neither of the groups are mutually exclusive)...
December 24, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329561/strongyloides-stercoralis-and-hookworm-co-infection-spatial-distribution-and-determinants-in-preah-vihear-province-cambodia
#7
Armelle Forrer, Virak Khieu, Fabian Schär, Penelope Vounatsou, Frédérique Chammartin, Hanspeter Marti, Sinuon Muth, Peter Odermatt
BACKGROUND: Strongyloides stercoralis and hookworm are two soil-transmitted helminths (STH) that are highly prevalent in Cambodia. Strongyloides stercoralis causes long-lasting infections and significant morbidity but is largely neglected, while hookworm causes the highest public health burden among STH. The two parasites have the same infection route, i.e. skin penetration. The extent of co-distribution, which could result in potential high co-morbidities, is unknown in highly endemic settings like Cambodia...
January 12, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329511/classifying-and-characterizing-the-development-of-adaptive-behavior-in-a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-young-children-with-autism
#8
Cristan Farmer, Lauren Swineford, Susan E Swedo, Audrey Thurm
BACKGROUND: Adaptive behavior, or the ability to function independently in ones' environment, is a key phenotypic construct in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Few studies of the development of adaptive behavior during preschool to school-age are available, though existing data demonstrate that the degree of ability and impairment associated with ASD, and how it manifests over time, is heterogeneous. Growth mixture models are a statistical technique that can help parse this heterogeneity in trajectories...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326514/modified-angle-s-classification-for-primary-dentition
#9
Kaushik Narendra Chandranee, Narendra Jayantilal Chandranee, Devendra Nagpal, Gagandeep Lamba, Purva Choudhari, Kavita Hotwani
Aim: This study aims to propose a modification of Angle's classification for primary dentition and to assess its applicability in children from Central India, Nagpur. Methods: Modification in Angle's classification has been proposed for application in primary dentition. Small roman numbers i/ii/iii are used for primary dentition notation to represent Angle's Class I/II/III molar relationships as in permanent dentition, respectively. To assess applicability of modified Angle's classification a cross-sectional preschool 2000 children population from central India; 3-6 years of age residing in Nagpur metropolitan city of Maharashtra state were selected randomly as per the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325661/facebook-the-use-of-social-media-to-engage-parents-in-a-preschool-obesity-prevention-curriculum
#10
Taren M Swindle, Wendy L Ward, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the use of Facebook to deliver health-related education materials to augment a preschool classroom-based obesity prevention curriculum. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, mixed methods (descriptive and interviews). SETTING: Head Start classrooms administered by 2 large agencies (1 rural and 1 urban). PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of parents in 13 classrooms (cohort 1, 3 classrooms; cohort 2, 10 classrooms)...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324728/recommendation-of-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices-for-use-of-a-third-dose-of-mumps-virus-containing-vaccine-in-persons-at-increased-risk-for-mumps-during-an-outbreak
#11
Mona Marin, Mariel Marlow, Kelly L Moore, Manisha Patel
A substantial increase in the number of mumps outbreaks and outbreak-associated cases has occurred in the United States since late 2015 (1,2). To address this public health problem, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) reviewed the available evidence and determined that a third dose of measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine is safe and effective at preventing mumps. During its October 2017 meeting, ACIP recommended a third dose of a mumps virus-containing vaccine* for persons previously vaccinated with 2 doses who are identified by public health authorities as being part of a group or population at increased risk for acquiring mumps because of an outbreak...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324697/association-between-fetal-adipokines-and-child-behavioral-problems-at-preschool-age-the-hokkaido-study-on-environment-and-children-s-health
#12
Machiko Minatoya, Sachiko Itoh, Atsuko Araki, Naomi Tamura, Keiko Yamazaki, Chihiro Miyashita, Reiko Kishi
Studies have suggested associations between maternal obesity and mental health problems of their children. However, the underlying mechanism is largely unknown. A possible mechanism can be via inflammatory states and the other possible mechanism is metabolic hormone-induced programming. Cross-talk between adipokines, including inflammatory cytokines and metabolic hormones secreted from adipose tissue and the central nervous system needs to be further investigated to elucidate the mechanism. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the association between fetal adipokine levels and child behavioral problems at preschool age...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324475/bilateral-cochlear-implants-maximizing-expected-outcomes
#13
Kate E Willis, Nathan J Blum, Stephanie A Waryasz, Marilyn Augustyn
Sonia is a 4 1/12-year-old girl with Waardenburg syndrome and bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who had bilateral cochlear implants at 2 7/12 years of age. She is referred to Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics by her speech/language pathologist because of concerns that her language skills are not progressing as expected after the cochlear implant. At the time of the implant, she communicated using approximately 20 signs and 1 spoken word (mama). At the time of the evaluation (18 months after the implant) she had approximately 70 spoken words (English and Spanish) and innumerable signs that she used to communicate...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323943/electronic-media-use-and-sleep-among-preschoolers-evidence-for-time-shifted-and-less-consolidated-sleep
#14
Ine Beyens, Amy I Nathanson
This study examined the association between electronic media use and sleep among preschoolers, using a national sample of 402 mothers of 3- to 5-year-olds. Participants completed an online survey assessing preschoolers' electronic media use, bedtime and wake time, sleep time, napping behaviors, and sleep consolidation. Results showed that heavier television use and tablet use, both overall and in the evening, were associated with later bedtimes and later wake times, but not with fewer hours of sleep, providing evidence for a time-shifting process...
January 11, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323940/elevated-blood-pressure-in-low-income-rural-preschool-children-is-associated-with-maternal-hypertension-during-pregnancy
#15
Paige Johnson, Michele Montgomery, Patrick Ewell
Hypertension (HTN) is a significant public health problem in adults, and rates of HTN are rising in children as well. The purpose of this study was to determine blood pressure (BP) and body mass index (BMI) levels in low-income, rural preschool children and investigate the relationship between child and maternal factors that impact BP and BMI in these children. Results indicated high rates of overweight/obesity and elevated BP levels in this sample. Maternal hypertension during pregnancy also emerged as a predictor of elevated BP in their children...
January 2018: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322365/iron-pots-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-anemia-in-preschoolers
#16
Francisco Plácido Nogueira Arcanjo, Débora Rodrigues Ribeiro Macêdo, Paulo Roberto Santos, Caio Plácido Costa Arcanjo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of food cooked in iron pots for the prevention and treatment of iron deficiency anemia. METHODS: In this cluster randomized clinical trial, authors evaluated preschoolers aged 4-5 y for 16 wk. Children were cluster randomized to either eating from iron pots (Group A) or aluminum pots (Group B). Primary outcome variables were change in hemoglobin concentration and anemia prevalence. Two biochemical evaluations were performed, to determine Hb concentrations, before and after intervention...
January 11, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322277/language-delay-and-externalizing-problems-in-preschool-age-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Mari Vaage Wang, Leif Edvard Aarø, Eivind Ystrom
This study sought to examine the direction of causation between language delay and two externalizing problems; inattention and aggression. Autoregressive fixed effects models were fitted to data from 25,474 children (age 1.5 to 5 years; 50.8% boys) in the population-based longitudinal Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), to model the direction of causality for language delay and inattention and aggression, respectively. The most parsimonious model for the relationship between language delay and inattention was one where both common factors and reciprocal causation were estimated...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322186/stuttering-in-preschool-children-direct-versus-indirect-treatment
#18
Marilyn A Nippold
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss the controversial topic of stuttering in preschool children and how to evaluate the options for treatment, emphasizing the role of external research evidence. Method: A hypothetical but realistic case study of a 3-year-old boy who stutters is described. Two contrasting approaches to treatment are presented, the Lidcombe Program (LP) and the demands and capacities model (DCM). Studies published in peer-reviewed research journals that have examined the effectiveness of each approach are summarized and critiqued...
January 9, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322185/selecting-treatments-and-monitoring-outcomes-the-circle-of-evidence-based-practice-and-client-centered-care-in-treating-a-preschool-child-who-stutters
#19
Nan Bernstein Ratner
Purpose: The purpose of the present clinical forum is to compare how 2 clinicians might select among therapy options for a preschool-aged child who presents with stuttering close to onset. Method: I discuss approaches to full evaluation of the child's profile, advisement of evidence-based practice options open to the family, the need for monitoring of the child's response, and selection of other approaches, if the child appears nonresponsive to the 1st-line approach...
January 9, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316485/maternal-reading-fluency-is-positively-associated-with-greater-functional-connectivity-between-the-child-s-future-reading-network-and-regions-related-to-executive-functions-and-language-processing-in-preschool-age-children
#20
Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus, John S Hutton, Kieran Phelan, Scott K Holland
The role of the parent or educator in a child's learning is a key feature in child development. Evidence supports the impact of early language exposure for future language and cognitive abilities and of home reading environment on neural circuits supporting language and reading. As shared parent-child reading is largely contingent on the reading ability of the parent, the aim of the current study was to explore association of parental reading ability on functional connectivity of brain networks involved with reading acquisition in their children...
January 6, 2018: Brain and Cognition
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