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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331158/dietary-sources-of-energy-and-nutrients-in-the-contemporary-diet-of-inuit-adults-results-from-the-2007-08-inuit-health-survey
#1
Tiff-Annie Kenny, Xue Feng Hu, Harriet V Kuhnlein, Sonia D Wesche, Hing Man Chan
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the major components of the contemporary Inuit diet and identify the primary sources of energy and essential nutrients. DESIGN: Dietary data were derived from the 24 h recall collected by the Inuit Health Survey (IHS) from 2007 to 2008. The population proportion method was used to determine the percentage contribution of each group. Unique food items/preparations (ninety-three country foods and 1591 market foods) were classified into eight country food groups and forty-one market food groups...
January 14, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330029/association-of-100-fruit-juice-consumption-and-3-year-weight-change-among-postmenopausal-women-in-the-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#2
Brandon J Auerbach, Alyson J Littman, James Krieger, Bessie A Young, Joseph Larson, Lesley Tinker, Marian L Neuhouser
The association between drinking 100% fruit juice and long-term weight gain is controversial and has been investigated in few studies. We examined whether 100% fruit juice consumption was associated with weight change in a large prospective cohort of postmenopausal women. We analyzed data from 49,106 postmenopausal women in the United States enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative between 1993 and 1998. Food frequency questionnaires at baseline and year 3 assessed food and beverage intake. Body weight was measured at in-person clinic visits...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329835/in-depth-chemical-investigation-of-glycyrrhiza-triphylla-fisch-roots-guided-by-a-preliminary-hplc-esimsn-profiling
#3
Abolfazl Shakeri, Milena Masullo, Gilda D'Urso, Mehrdad Iranshahi, Paola Montoro, Cosimo Pizza, Sonia Piacente
Chemical investigations on Glycyrrhiza spp. have mostly been focused on G. glabra (typically cultivated in Europe, henceforth called European licorice), G. uralensis and G. inflata (known as Chinese licorice) with little information on the constituents of other Glycyrrhiza species. According to the growing interest in further Glycyrrhiza spp. to be used as sweeteners, the roots of G. triphylla have been investigated. The LC-ESI/LTQOrbitrap/MS profile of the methanolic extract of G. triphylla roots guided the isolation of 21 compounds, of which the structures were elucidated by 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328659/syntheses-of-tripterifordin-and-neotripterifordin-from-stevioside
#4
Shoji Kobayashi, Keisuke Shibukawa, Yoshiki Hamada, Takuma Kuruma, Asako Kawabata, Araki Masuyama
We report short syntheses of (-)-tripterifordin and (-)-neotripterifordin, potent inhibitors of HIV replication, from stevioside, a natural sweetener used worldwide. The key transformations are reduction at C13 through the formation of a tertiary chloride and subsequent three-step lactonization including a selective iodination at C20 by the photoreaction of the C19-alcohol. The title compounds were reliably obtained from stevioside in 9 and 11 steps (with 5-7 isolation steps), respectively. Additionally, the related lactone-containing ent-kaurenes, doianoterpenes A and B, and two more natural products were synthesized...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325892/added-sugar-intake-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2012
#5
Catherine E Cioffi, Janet Figueroa, Jean A Welsh
BACKGROUND: Despite associations of dietary added sugar with excess weight gain and chronic disease risk, intake among most Americans exceeds the recommended limits (<10% total energy). Maternal diet plays an important role in pregnancy-related outcomes, but little is known about the extent of added sugar intake during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To assess intake and identify the top sources of added sugars in the diets of pregnant vs nonpregnant women in the United States...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325802/utilization-of-large-volume-zwitterionic-hydrophilic-interaction-liquid-chromatography-for-the-analysis-of-polar-pharmaceuticals-in-aqueous-environmental-samples-benefits-and-limitations
#6
Lise Boulard, Georg Dierkes, Thomas Ternes
Benefits and limitations of HILIC were studied for the analysis of extreme polar organic contaminants in aqueous environmental matrices. A sensitive analytical method was developed and validated for the detection of 11 pharmaceuticals, 15 pharmaceutical metabolites and transformation products and the artificial sweetener acesulfame in aqueous environmental samples. The analytical method consisted of a simple and non-specific sample preparation based on freeze-drying followed by detection with large injection volume (70 μL) zwitterionic HILIC-ESI-MS/MS...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324885/correction-expected-population-weight-and-diabetes-impact-of-the-1-peso-per-litre-tax-to-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-mexico
#7
Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Rodrigo Zepeda-Tello, Eliane R Rodrigues, M Arantxa Colchero, Rosalba Rojas-Martínez, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila, Juan Rivera-Dommarco, Rafael Meza
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176336.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322598/erythritol-production-by-yeasts-a-snapshot-of-current-knowledge
#8
REVIEW
Frédéric Carly, Patrick Fickers
Erythritol is a four-carbon sugar alcohol produced by microorganisms as an osmoprotectant. It could be used as a natural sweetener in the pharmaceutical and food industries. Here, a snapshot on current knowledge on erythritol metabolism and synthesis, optimization of its production, more precisely process and producer strain improvement is presented.
January 11, 2018: Yeast
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322347/all-aspect-of-toxic-effect-of-brilliant-blue-and-sunset-yellow-in-allium-cepa-roots
#9
Kemal Koç, Dilek Pandir
Substances added to food are considerable for survival and are the oldest technologies used in preservation, sweetening and coloring. This work was conducted to evaluate the toxicity of the food additives sunset yellow (SY) and brilliant blue (BB) on Allium cepa root meristematic cells. Control and treatment groups were created from germinated roots. Group 1 (control group) did not receive chemicals. Group 2 (SY or BB-treatment group), received increasing doses of SY (25, 50, 100 and 500 ppm) and BB (100, 200, 400 and 500 ppm) with time periods of 24, 48 and 72 h...
January 10, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320289/legal-and-administrative-feasibility-of-a-federal-junk-food-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-to-improve-diet
#10
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Parke Wilde, Yue Huang, Renata Micha, Dariush Mozaffarian
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate legal and administrative feasibility of a federal "junk" food (including sugar-sweetened beverages [SSBs]) tax to improve diet. METHODS: To assess food definitions and administration models, we systematically searched (1) PubMed (through May 15, 2017) for articles defining foods subject to taxes, and legal and legislative databases as well as online for (2) US federal, state, and tribal junk food tax bills and laws (January 1, 2012-February 28, 2017); SSB taxes (January 1, 2014-February 28, 2017); and international junk food tax laws (as of February 28, 2017); and (3) federal taxing mechanisms and administrative methods (as of February 28, 2017)...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319532/the-ability-of-a-novel-strain-scheffersomyces-syn-candida-shehatae-isolated-from-rotten-wood-to-produce-arabitol
#11
Monika Kordowska-Wiater, Adam Kuzdraliński, Tomasz Czernecki, Zdzisław Targoński, Magdalena Frąc, Karolina Oszust
Arabitol is a polyalcohol which has about 70% of the sweetness of sucrose and an energy density of 0.2 kcal/g. Similarly to xylitol, it can be used in the food and pharmaceutical industries as a natural sweetener, a texturing agent, a dental caries reducer, and a humectant. Biotechnological production of arabitol from sugars represents an interesting alternative to chemical production. The yeast Scheffersomyces shehatae strain 20BM-3 isolated from rotten wood was screened for its ability to produce arabitol from L-arabinose, glucose, and xylose...
September 27, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318755/sugar-intake-by-type-added-vs-naturally-occurring-and-physical-form-liquid-vs-solid-and-its-varying-association-with-children-s-body-weight-nhanes-2009-2014
#12
J A Welsh, Y Wang, J Figueroa, C Brumme
BACKGROUND: Sugars and their primary dietary sources (milk, fruits, sweetened foods and beverages) are associated, in different ways, with a range of health outcomes, including obesity. The contribution made to total sugar intake and how the different types and forms of sugar associate with body weight is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To describe sugar consumption and examine its association with weight status among U.S. children by sugar type [added {AS} vs. naturally occurring {NOS}] and form (solid vs...
January 9, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317623/glp-1-release-and-vagal-afferent-activation-mediate-the-beneficial-metabolic-and-chronotherapeutic-effects-of-d-allulose
#13
Yusaku Iwasaki, Mio Sendo, Katsuya Dezaki, Tohru Hira, Takehiro Sato, Masanori Nakata, Chayon Goswami, Ryohei Aoki, Takeshi Arai, Parmila Kumari, Masaki Hayakawa, Chiaki Masuda, Takashi Okada, Hiroshi Hara, Daniel J Drucker, Yuichiro Yamada, Masaaki Tokuda, Toshihiko Yada
Overeating and arrhythmic feeding promote obesity and diabetes. Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists are effective anti-obesity drugs but their use is limited by side effects. Here we show that oral administration of the non-calorie sweetener, rare sugar D-allulose (D-psicose), induces GLP-1 release, activates vagal afferent signaling, reduces food intake and promotes glucose tolerance in healthy and obese-diabetic animal models. Subchronic D-allulose administered at the light period (LP) onset ameliorates LP-specific hyperphagia, visceral obesity, and glucose intolerance...
January 9, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317000/associations-between-sedentary-behaviours-and-dietary-intakes-among-adolescents
#14
Elly A Fletcher, Sarah A McNaughton, David Crawford, Verity Cleland, Jacqueline Della Gatta, Jennifer Hatt, James Dollman, Anna Timperio
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to examine associations of individual and aggregated screen-based behaviours, and total sitting time, with healthy and unhealthy dietary intakes among adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of adolescents. Participants self-reported durations of television viewing, computer use, playing electronic games (e-games), total sitting time, daily servings of fruits and vegetables, and frequency of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), diet beverages, fast foods and discretionary snacks...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300497/association-of-habitual-dietary-intake-with-morningness-eveningness-and-rotating-shift-work-in-japanese-female-nurses
#15
Takahiro Yoshizaki, Taiki Komatsu, Yuki Tada, Azumi Hida, Yukari Kawano, Fumiharu Togo
Rotating shift workers are associated with imbalanced dietary intakes. Rotating shift workers and dietary intakes in adults who do not engage in night work have also been shown to be associated with chronotype. However, no studies have examined associations between morningness-eveningness (i.e., the degree to which people prefer to be active in the morning or the evening), rotating shift work and dietary intakes. Therefore, our first purpose was to elucidate the association between morningness-eveningness and habitual food group intakes in rotating shift workers...
January 4, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300309/fat-sugar-whole-grains-and-heart-disease-50-years-of-confusion
#16
REVIEW
Norman J Temple
During the 1970s some investigators proposed that refined carbohydrates, especially sugar and a low intake of dietary fiber, were major factors in coronary heart disease (CHD). This suggestion was eclipsed by the belief that an excess intake of saturated fatty acids (SFA) was the key dietary factor, a view that prevailed from roughly 1974 to 2014. Findings that have accumulated since 1990 inform us that the role of SFA in the causation of CHD has been much exaggerated. A switch from SFA to refined carbohydrates does not lower the ratio of total cholesterol to HDL-cholesterol in the blood and therefore does not prevent CHD...
January 4, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294756/-if-she-refuses-to-have-sex-with-you-just-make-her-tipsy-a-qualitative-study-exploring-alcohol-facilitated-sexual-violence-against-nigerian-female-students
#17
Emeka W Dumbili, Clare Williams
Most research on alcohol consumption and related sexual violence focuses on Western societies. Drawing on traditional masculinity scripts, this article contributes to the culturally specific understanding of how Nigerian sociocultural constructions of alcohol consumption facilitate sexual violence against women. In-depth interviews were conducted with 31 male and female undergraduate students (aged 19-23 years), exploring how the gendering of alcoholic beverages facilitates men's perpetration of sexual violence against women in a Nigerian university...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288772/ph-driven-fibrillar-aggregation-of-the-super-sweet-protein-y65r-mnei-a-step-by-step-structural-analysis
#18
Andrea Pica, Serena Leone, Rocco Di Girolamo, Federica Donnarumma, Alessandro Emendato, Michele Fortunato Rega, Antonello Merlino, Delia Picone
BACKGROUND: MNEI and its variant Y65R-MNEI are sweet proteins with potential applications as sweeteners in food industry. Also, they are often used as model systems for folding and aggregation studies. METHODS: X-ray crystallography was used to structurally characterize Y65R-MNEI at five different pHs, while circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy their thermal and chemical stability. ThT assay and AFM were used for studying the kinetics of aggregation and morphology of the aggregates...
December 27, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288052/hydrophobic-interactions-of-sucralose-with-protein-structures
#19
Nimesh Shukla, Enrico Pomarico, Cody J S Hecht, Erika A Taylor, Majed Chergui, Christina M Othon
Sucralose is a commonly employed artificial sweetener that appears to destabilize protein native structures. This is in direct contrast to the bio-preservative nature of its natural counterpart, sucrose, which enhances the stability of biomolecules against environmental stress. We have further explored the molecular interactions of sucralose as compared to sucrose to illuminate the origin of the differences in their bio-preservative efficacy. We show that the mode of interactions of sucralose and sucrose in bulk solution differ subtly through the use of hydration dynamics measurement and computational simulation...
December 26, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285468/self-reported-knowledge-attitude-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-among-undergraduate-oral-health-students-at-a-university-in-south-africa
#20
Thomas K Madiba, Ahmed Bhayat, Ntombizodwa R Nkambule
Aims and Objectives: This study assessed the knowledge, attitude and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and its association with body mass index (BMI) among undergraduate oral health students. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional design was used and the study was conducted at a South African dental university. Undergraduate dental and oral hygiene students (n = 344) registered in 2015 were invited to participate. A self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit the necessary information...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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