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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742480/from-ca%C3%A3-eh%C3%A3-to-a-commercial-sweetener-the-diterpenoid-glycosides-of-stevia-rebaudiana
#1
James R Hanson
The isolation, structure elucidation, chemistry, biosynthesis and biological activity of the sweet steviol glycosides from Stevia rebaudiana, are reviewed.
December 1, 2016: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742239/a-scoping-review-of-skills-and-tools-oral-health-professionals-need-to-engage-children-and-parents-in-dietary-changes-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#2
Lisa F Mallonee, Linda D Boyd, Cynthia Stegeman
OBJECTIVES: Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity. Obesity now affects one in six children in the United States. The purpose of this scoping review is to identify and review published studies that discuss skills and tools oral health professionals can use with children (under age 12) and their parents to encourage dietary changes to aid in preventing childhood obesity and reducing consumption of SSBs. METHODS: Key search terms were identified and used to examine selected databases via PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741904/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-and-food-policies-in-latin-america-from-research-to-practice
#3
R Pérez-Escamilla, C K Lutter, C Rabadan-Diehl, A Rubinstein, A Calvillo, C Corvalán, C Batis, E Jacoby, S Vorkoper, L Kline, E Ewart-Pierce, J A Rivera
BACKGROUND: Addressing childhood obesity in Latin America requires a package of multisectoral, evidence-based policies that enable environments conducive to healthy lifestyles. OBJECTIVE: Identify and examine key elements to translating research into effective obesity policies in Latin America. METHODS: We examined obesity prevention policies through case studies developed with an expert in the specific policy. Policies were selected based on their level of implementation, visibility and potential impact to reduce childhood obesity...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741247/contaminants-of-emerging-concern-a-review-of-new-approach-in-aop-technologies
#4
Maryam Salimi, Ali Esrafili, Mitra Gholami, Ahmad Jonidi Jafari, Roshanak Rezaei Kalantary, Mahdi Farzadkia, Majid Kermani, Hamid Reza Sobhi
The presence of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) such as pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs), flame retardants (FRs), pesticides, and artificial sweeteners (ASWs) in the aquatic environments remains a major challenge to the environment and human health. In this review, the classification and occurrence of emerging contaminants in aquatic environments were discussed in detail. It is well documented that CECs are susceptible to poor removal during the conventional wastewater treatment plants, which introduce them back to the environment ranging from nanogram per liter (e...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738695/a-research-on-the-genotoxicity-of-stevia-in-human-lymphocytes
#5
Aslı Uçar, Serkan Yılmaz, Şemsigül Yılmaz, Mustafa Sefa Kılıç
Stevia extracts are obtained from Stevia rebaudiana commonly used as natural sweeteners. It is ∼250-300 times sweeter than sucrose. Common use of stevia prompted us to investigate its genotoxicity in human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Stevia (active ingredient steviol glycoside) was dissolved in pure water. Dose selection was done using ADI (acceptable daily intake) value. Negative control (pure water), 1, 2, 4, 8 and 16 μg/ml concentrations which were equivalent to ADI/4, ADI/2, ADI, ADI × 2 and ADI × 4 of Stevia were added to whole-blood culture...
July 24, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736783/halogen-effects-on-the-solid-state-packing-of-phenylalanine-derivatives-and-the-resultant-gelation-properties
#6
Susana M Ramalhete, Jamie S Foster, Hayley R Green, Karol P Nartowski, Margaux Heinrich, Peter C Martin, Yaroslav Z Khimyak, Gareth O Lloyd
Phenylalanine is an important amino acid both biologically, essential to human health, and industrially, as a building block of artificial sweeteners. Our interest in this particular amino acid and its derivatives lies with its ability to form gels in a number of solvents. We present here the studies of the influence of halogen addition to the aromatic ring on the gelation properties and we analyse the crystal structures of a number of these materials to elucidate the trends in their behaviour based on the halogen addition to the aromatic group and the interactions that result...
July 24, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731385/kids-sip-smarter-a-feasibility-study-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-middle-school-youth-in-central-appalachia
#7
Hannah Lane, Kathleen J Porter, Erin Hecht, Priscilla Harris, Vivica Kraak, Jamie Zoellner
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility of Kids SIP smartER, a school-based intervention to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). DESIGN: Matched-contact randomized crossover study with mixed-methods analysis. SETTING: One middle school in rural, Appalachian Virginia. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-four sixth and seventh graders (5 classrooms) received Kids SIP smartER in random order over 2 intervention periods. Feasibility outcomes were assessed among 2 teachers...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730841/effectiveness-of-a-worksite-intervention-for-male-construction-workers-on-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviors-body-mass-index-and-health-outcomes-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Laura Viester, Evert A L M Verhagen, Paulien M Bongers, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an individually tailored intervention for improvement in lifestyle behavior, health indicators, and prevention and reduction of overweight among construction workers. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Various blue-collar departments of a large construction company in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Blue-collar workers randomized to an intervention (n = 162) or a control group (n = 152)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729327/dietary-intake-and-factors-influencing-eating-behaviours-in-overweight-and-obese-south-asian-men-living-in-the-uk-mixed-method-study
#9
Amir Emadian, Clare Y England, Janice L Thompson
OBJECTIVE: It is widely recognised that South Asian men living in the UK are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) than their white British counterparts. Despite this, limited data have been published quantifying current dietary intake patterns and qualitatively exploring eating behaviours in this population. The objectives of this study were to (1) assess diet, (2) explore perceptions of T2DM, (3) investigate factors influencing eating behaviours in overweight/obese South Asian men and (4) determine the suitability of the UK Diet and Diabetes Questionnaire (UKDDQ) for use in this population...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728684/healthful-and-unhealthful-plant-based-diets-and-the-risk-of-coronary-heart%C3%A2-disease-in-u-s-adults
#10
Ambika Satija, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Donna Spiegelman, Stephanie E Chiuve, JoAnn E Manson, Walter Willett, Kathryn M Rexrode, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu
BACKGROUND: Plant-based diets are recommended for coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention. However, not all plant foods are necessarily beneficial for health. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine associations between plant-based diet indices and CHD incidence. METHODS: We included 73,710 women in NHS (Nurses' Health Study) (1984 to 2012), 92,329 women in NHS2 (1991 to 2013), and 43,259 men in Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986 to 2012), free of chronic diseases at baseline...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724468/a-combined-high-sugar-and-high-saturated-fat-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-more-depressive-symptoms-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-the-helius-healthy-life-in-an-urban-setting-study
#11
Esther Vermeulen, Karien Stronks, Marieke B Snijder, Aart H Schene, Anja Lok, Jeanne H de Vries, Marjolein Visser, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Mary Nicolaou
OBJECTIVE: To identify a high-sugar (HS) dietary pattern, a high-saturated-fat (HF) dietary pattern and a combined high-sugar and high-saturated-fat (HSHF) dietary pattern and to explore if these dietary patterns are associated with depressive symptoms. DESIGN: We used data from the HELIUS (Healthy Life in an Urban Setting) study and included 4969 individuals aged 18-70 years. Diet was assessed using four ethnic-specific FFQ. Dietary patterns were derived using reduced rank regression with mono- and disaccharides, saturated fat and total fat as response variables...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724424/the-traditional-lunch-pattern-is-inversely-correlated-with-body-mass-index-in-a-population-based-study-in-brazil
#12
Roberta de Oliveira Santos, Diva Aliete Dos Santos Vieira, Andreia Alexandra Machado Miranda, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni, Valéria Troncoso Baltar
BACKGROUND: The association of obesity and dietary patterns has been well documented in scientific literature; however, information on the impact of meal patterns on obesity is scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of adherence to lunch patterns and body mass index (BMI) in a representative sample of individuals aged 20 years or older in Sao Paulo. METHODS: Data for 933 participants were retrieved from the Health Survey of São Paulo (ISA-Capital 2008), a cross-sectional population-based survey...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722782/development-of-blueberry-liquor-influence-of-distillate-sweetener-and-fruit-quantity
#13
Ilda Caldeira, Daniel Lopes, Teresa Delgado, Sara Canas, Ofélia Anjos
BACKGROUND: In this work different formulations of blueberry liquor were tested and characterized based on their physicochemical and sensory characteristics. RESULTS: Three factors were evaluated: the distillate used to produce the liquor (wine spirit or grape marc spirit); the sweetener (white sugar or honey) and the fruit quantity (two doses). For each liquor, pH, total acidity, dry soluble solids content, dry extract, alcoholic strength, reducing sugars, colour intensity, methanol content, acetaldehyde and fusel alcohols were determined...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721697/interventions-to-reduce-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-or-increase-water-intake-evidence-from-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
E J Vargas-Garcia, C E L Evans, A Prestwich, B J Sykes-Muskett, J Hooson, J E Cade
A systematic review and meta-analyses were conducted to evaluate the effects of interventions to reduce sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) or increase water intakes and to examine the impact of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) in consumption patterns. Randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials published after January 1990 and until December 2016 reporting daily changes in intakes of SSB or water in volumetric measurements (mL d(-1) ) were included. References were retrieved through searches of electronic databases and quality appraisal followed Cochrane principles...
July 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720960/levels-and-formation-of-%C3%AE-dicarbonyl-compounds-in-beverages-and-the-preventive-effects-of-flavonoids
#15
Chen Wang, Yongling Lu, Qiju Huang, Tiesong Zheng, Shengmin Sang, Lishuang Lv
ABSTRACT: Methylglyoxal (MGO) and glyoxal (GO), α-dicarbonyl compounds found in the Maillard reaction, progressively and irreversibly modify proteins. Beverages are an exogenous source of α-dicarbonyl compounds and may potentially increase MGO and GO levels in vivo. Using GC-FID method, we detected the MGO and GO contents of 86 beverages in Chinese supermarkets. The highest MGO and GO 587.5 µg/100 mL and 716.7 µg/100 mL respectively found in soyamilk and coffee. Herbal beverages, which contained bioactive components, had lower average levels of MGO (48...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719376/stability-of-spironolactone-oral-suspension-in-pcca-base-suspendit
#16
Richard Graves, Kelly V Phan, Levon A Bostanian, Tarun K Mandal, Yashoda V Pramar
Spironolactone (Aldactone) is a potassium-sparing diuretic used to treat hypertension and heart failure and may also be used to treat edema resulting from kidney disease, low potassium levels, or excess aldosterone. No commercial liquid dosage form of spironolactone exists. An extemporaneously compounded suspension from pure drug powder or commercial tablets would provide an alternative option to meet unique patient needs. The purpose of this study was to determine the physicochemical stability of spironolactone in the PCCA base SuspendIt...
July 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717920/mother-and-adolescent-eating-in-the-context-of-food-insecurity-findings-from-urban-public-housing
#17
Meg Bruening, Joanna Lucio, Stephanie Brennhofer
Introduction Anecdotal evidence suggests that parents protect their children from food insecurity and its effects, but few studies have concurrently assessed food insecurity among youth and parents. The purpose of this study was to examine food insecurity and eating behaviors among an urban sample of mother-adolescent dyads. Methods Mother-adolescent dyads (n = 55) were from six public housing sites in Phoenix, Arizona who completed surveys during 2014. Multivariate mixed linear and logistic regression models assessed the relationship between mother and adolescent eating behaviors in the context of food insecurity...
July 17, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716847/nonnutritive-sweeteners-and-cardiometabolic-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-and-prospective-cohort-studies
#18
REVIEW
Meghan B Azad, Ahmed M Abou-Setta, Bhupendrasinh F Chauhan, Rasheda Rabbani, Justin Lys, Leslie Copstein, Amrinder Mann, Maya M Jeyaraman, Ashleigh E Reid, Michelle Fiander, Dylan S MacKay, Jon McGavock, Brandy Wicklow, Ryan Zarychanski
BACKGROUND: Nonnutritive sweeteners, such as aspartame, sucralose and stevioside, are widely consumed, yet their long-term health impact is uncertain. We synthesized evidence from prospective studies to determine whether routine consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners was associated with long-term adverse cardiometabolic effects. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library (inception to January 2016) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated interventions for nonnutritive sweeteners and prospective cohort studies that reported on consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners among adults and adolescents...
July 17, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716655/trends-in-beverage-prices-following-the-introduction-of-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-barbados
#19
Miriam Alvarado, Deliana Kostova, Marc Suhrcke, Ian Hambleton, Trevor Hassell, T Alafia Samuels, Jean Adams, Nigel Unwin
A 10% excise tax on sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) was implemented in Barbados in September 2015. A national evaluation has been established to assess the impact of the tax. We present a descriptive analysis of initial price changes following implementation of the SSB tax using price data provided by a major supermarket chain in Barbados over the period 2014-2016. We summarize trends in price change before and after the tax using year-on-year mean price per liter change between SSBs and non-SSBs. We find that prior to the tax, year-on-year price growth of SSBs and non-SSBs was very similar (approximately 1%)...
July 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715555/application-of-a-lifestyle-based-tool-to-estimate-premature-cardiovascular-disease-events-in-young-adults-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#20
Holly C Gooding, Hongyan Ning, Matthew W Gillman, Christina Shay, Norrina Allen, David C Goff, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Stephanie Chiuve
Importance: Few tools exist for assessing the risk for early atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events in young adults. Objective: To assess the performance of the Healthy Heart Score (HHS), a lifestyle-based tool that estimates ASCVD events in older adults, for ASCVD events occurring before 55 years of age. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study included 4893 US adults aged 18 to 30 years from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
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