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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211230/associations-between-children-s-diet-quality-and-watching-television-during-meal-or-snack-consumption-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Amanda Avery, Catherine Anderson, Fiona McCullough
Studies have identified an association between watching television (TV) and childhood obesity. This review adds context to existing research by examining the associations between TV viewing, whilst eating, and children's diet quality. Web of Science and PubMed databases were searched from January 2000 to June 2014. Cross-sectional trials of case control or cohort studies, which included baseline data, measuring the associations between eating whilst watching TV and children's food and drink intake. Quality of selected papers was assessed...
February 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210884/energy-balance-and-obesity-what-are-the-main-drivers
#2
Isabelle Romieu, Laure Dossus, Simón Barquera, Hervé M Blottière, Paul W Franks, Marc Gunter, Nahla Hwalla, Stephen D Hursting, Michael Leitzmann, Barrie Margetts, Chizuru Nishida, Nancy Potischman, Jacob Seidell, Magdalena Stepien, Youfa Wang, Klaas Westerterp, Pattanee Winichagoon, Martin Wiseman, Walter C Willett
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to review the evidence of the association between energy balance and obesity. METHODS: In December 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France convened a Working Group of international experts to review the evidence regarding energy balance and obesity, with a focus on Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC). RESULTS: The global epidemic of obesity and the double burden, in LMICs, of malnutrition (coexistence of undernutrition and overnutrition) are both related to poor quality diet and unbalanced energy intake...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208093/oxidative-transformation-of-artificial-sweetener-acesulfame-by-permanganate-reaction-kinetics-transformation-products-and-pathways-and-ecotoxicity
#3
Kai Yin, Fei Li, Ying Wang, Qunying He, Yongxiu Deng, Shuo Chen, Chengbin Liu
Acesulfame has attracted much attention due to its wide application, environmental persistence and potential safety risk of transformation products (TPs). Little information is known on acesulfame transformation in the presence of oxidants/disinfectants. The acesulfame oxidation by permanganate (Mn(VII)) in water under environmentally relevant conditions was systematically evaluated. The pH of water showed negligible influence in acesulfame oxidation. Inorganic ligand (pyrophosphate) exhibited insignificant effect whereas organic ligands (oxalate, ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid, and humic acid) exerted obvious suppression on acesulfame oxidation...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208034/the-obesity-epidemic-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-taxing-time
#4
Stephen Colagiuri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207682/quickstats-percentage-of-total-daily-kilocalories-%C3%A2-consumed-from-sugar-sweetened-beverages-%C3%A2-among-children-and-adults-by-sex-and-income-level-%C3%A2-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-united-states-2011-2014
#5
(no author information available yet)
During 2011-2014, on average, 7.3% of boys' and 7.2% of girls' total daily calories were obtained from SSBs compared with 6.9% for men and 6.1% for women. For men, women, and girls, the percentage of total daily kilocalories from SSBs declined as income level increased. For boys, the percentage of total daily kilocalories was lower for those in the highest income group than in the other income groups. Compared with women, a larger proportion of men's total daily kilocalorie intake came from SSBs.
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205335/a-sweet-taste-receptor-dependent-mechanism-of-glucosensing-in-hypothalamic-tanycytes
#6
Heather Benford, Matei Bolborea, Eric Pollatzek, Kristina Lossow, Irm Hermans-Borgmeyer, Beihui Liu, Wolfgang Meyerhof, Sergey Kasparov, Nicholas Dale
Hypothalamic tanycytes are glial-like glucosensitive cells that contact the cerebrospinal fluid of the third ventricle, and send processes into the hypothalamic nuclei that control food intake and body weight. The mechanism of tanycyte glucosensing remains undetermined. While tanycytes express the components associated with the glucosensing of the pancreatic β cell, they respond to nonmetabolisable glucose analogues via an ATP receptor-dependent mechanism. Here, we show that tanycytes in rodents respond to non-nutritive sweeteners known to be ligands of the sweet taste (Tas1r2/Tas1r3) receptor...
February 16, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198207/neurophysiological-symptoms-and-aspartame-what-is-the-connection
#7
Arbind Kumar Choudhary, Yeong Yeh Lee
Aspartame (α-aspartyl-l-phenylalanine-o-methyl ester), an artificial sweetener, has been linked to behavioral and cognitive problems. Possible neurophysiological symptoms include learning problems, headache, seizure, migraines, irritable moods, anxiety, depression, and insomnia. The consumption of aspartame, unlike dietary protein, can elevate the levels of phenylalanine and aspartic acid in the brain. These compounds can inhibit the synthesis and release of neurotransmitters, dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin, which are known regulators of neurophysiological activity...
February 15, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196498/children-s-sugar-sweetened-beverages-consumption-associations-with-family-and-home-related-factors-differences-within-ethnic-groups-explored
#8
V M van de Gaar, A van Grieken, W Jansen, H Raat
BACKGROUND: The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) may contribute to the development of overweight among children. The present study aimed to evaluate associations between family and home-related factors and children's SSB consumption. We explored associations within ethnic background of the child. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the population-based 'Water Campaign' study were used. Parents (n = 644) of primary school children (6-13 years) completed a questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics, family and home-related factors and child's SSB intake...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196089/taxes-and-subsidies-for-improving-diet-and-population-health-in-australia-a-cost-effectiveness-modelling-study
#9
Linda J Cobiac, King Tam, Lennert Veerman, Tony Blakely
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of countries are implementing taxes on unhealthy foods and drinks to address the growing burden of dietary-related disease, but the cost-effectiveness of combining taxes on unhealthy foods and subsidies on healthy foods is not well understood. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using a population model of dietary-related diseases and health care costs and food price elasticities, we simulated the effect of taxes on saturated fat, salt, sugar, and sugar-sweetened beverages and a subsidy on fruits and vegetables, over the lifetime of the Australian population...
February 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195335/voluntary-binge-consumption-of-ethanol-in-a-sweetened-chocolate-flavored-solution-by-male-and-female-adolescent-sprague-dawley-rats
#10
Dominika Hosová, Linda Patia Spear
BACKGROUND: The still maturing adolescent brain may be particularly vulnerable to lasting consequences of ethanol (EtOH) exposure. Yet, human adolescents are the age group most likely to engage in binge drinking (a pattern of drinking leading to blood EtOH concentrations (BECs) of 80 mg/dl or greater). Most studies to date assessing the long-term effects of adolescent EtOH exposure in outbred rodent populations have either used experimenter-administered EtOH to produce BECs in the binge range or assessed voluntary intake of EtOH at well below binge levels...
February 14, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193409/a-new-natural-source-for-obtainment-of-inulin-and-fructo-oligosaccharides-from-industrial-waste-of-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni
#11
Sheila Mara Sanches Lopes, Gabriela Krausová, José Walter Pedroza Carneiro, José Eduardo Gonçalves, Regina Aparecida Correia Gonçalves, Arildo José Braz de Oliveira
Fructan-type inulin and fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) are reserve polysaccharides that offer an interesting combination of nutritional and technological properties for food industry. Stevia rebaudiana is used commercially in the sweetener industry due to the high content of steviol glycosides in its leaves. With the proposal of using industrial waste, the objective of the present study was to isolate, characterize and evaluate the prebiotic activity of inulin and FOS from S. rebaudiana stems. The chemical characterization of the samples by GC-MS, NMR and off-line ESI-MS showed that it was possible to obtain inulin molecules from the S...
June 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192727/ecotoxicological-assessments-show-sucralose-and-fluoxetine-affect-the-aquatic-plant-lemna-minor
#12
Cherisse Amy-Sagers, Keith Reinhardt, Danelle M Larson
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCP) are prevalent in aquatic systems, yet the fate and impacts on aquatic plants needs quantification for many compounds. We measured and detected sucralose (an artificial sweetener), fluoxetine (an antidepressant), and other PPCP in the Portneuf River in Idaho, USA, where Lemna minor (an aquatic plant in the environment and used in ecotoxicology studies) naturally occurs. Sucralose was hypothesized to negatively affect photosynthesis and growth of L. minor because sucralose is a chlorinated molecule that may be toxic or unusable for plant metabolism...
January 19, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192132/flavor-preferences-conditioned-by-nutritive-and-non-nutritive-sweeteners-in-mice
#13
Anthony Sclafani, Karen Ackroff
Recent studies suggest that preferences are conditioned by nutritive (sucrose) but not by non-nutritive (sucralose) sweeteners in mice. Here we compared the effectiveness of nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners to condition flavor preferences in three mouse strains. Isopreferred sucrose and sucralose solutions both conditioned flavor preferences in C57BL/6J (B6) mice but sucrose was more effective, consistent with its post-oral appetition action. Subsequent experiments compared flavor conditioning by fructose, which has no post-oral appetition effect in B6 mice, and a sucralose+saccharin mixture (SS) which is highly preferred to fructose in 24-h choice tests...
February 9, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190943/sugar-sweetened-beverage-warning-labels-lessons-learned-from-the-tobacco-industry
#14
Lucy Popova
Tobacco warning labels effectively educate consumers about the harms of tobacco and reduce smoking behavior. Lessons from tobacco warning labels can be applied to developing and implementing warning labels for sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Large pictorial rotating warnings are particularly effective. Dental professionals can be an important voice in countering the industry's efforts to create controversy around the effects of SSBs and in advocating for effective warning labels based on the evidence from the tobacco warning labels...
October 2016: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188449/xylitol-production-by-genetically-modified-industrial-strain-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-using-glycerol-as-co-substrate
#15
Anushree B Kogje, Anand Ghosalkar
Xylitol is commercially used in chewing gum and dental care products as a low calorie sweetener having medicinal properties. Industrial yeast strain of S. cerevisiae was genetically modified to overexpress an endogenous aldose reductase gene GRE3 and a xylose transporter gene SUT1 for the production of xylitol. The recombinant strain (XP-RTK) carried the expression cassettes of both the genes and the G418 resistance marker cassette KanMX integrated into the genome of S. cerevisiae. Short segments from the 5' and 3' delta regions of the Ty1 retrotransposons were used as homology regions for integration of the cassettes...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187322/chronic-aspartame-intake-causes-changes-in-the-trans-sulphuration-pathway-glutathione-depletion-and-liver-damage-in-mice
#16
Isabela Finamor, Salvador Pérez, Caroline A Bressan, Carlos E Brenner, Sergio Rius-Pérez, Patricia C Brittes, Gabriele Cheiran, Maria I Rocha, Marcelo da Veiga, Juan Sastre, Maria A Pavanato
No-caloric sweeteners, such as aspartame, are widely used in various food and beverages to prevent the increasing rates of obesity and diabetes mellitus, acting as tools in helping control caloric intake. Aspartame is metabolized to phenylalanine, aspartic acid, and methanol. Our aim was to study the effect of chronic administration of aspartame on glutathione redox status and on the trans-sulphuration pathway in mouse liver. Mice were divided into three groups: control; treated daily with aspartame for 90 days; and treated with aspartame plus N-acetylcysteine (NAC)...
February 1, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186923/cross-sectional-survey-of-the-amount-of-free-sugars-and-calories-in-carbonated-sugar-sweetened-beverages-on-sale-in-the-uk
#17
Kawther M Hashem, Feng J He, Katharine H Jenner, Graham A MacGregor
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the free sugars and calorie content of carbonated sugar-sweetened beverages (CSSB) available in the main UK supermarkets. STUDY DESIGN: We carried out a cross-sectional survey in 2014 of 169 CSSB. METHODS: The free sugars (sugars g/100 mL) and calorie (kcal/100 mL) were collected from product packaging and nutrient information panels of CSSB available in 9 main UK supermarkets. RESULTS: The average free sugars content in CSSB was 30...
November 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185861/what-are-we-drinking-beverages-shown-in-adolescents-favorite-television-shows
#18
Marla E Eisenberg, Nicole I Larson, Sarah E Gollust, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Media use has been shown to contribute to poor dietary intake; however, little attention has been paid to programming content. The portrayal of health behaviors in television (TV) programming contributes to social norms among viewers, which have been shown to influence adolescent behavior. OBJECTIVE: This study reports on a content analysis of beverages shown in a sample of TV shows popular with a large, diverse group of adolescents, with attention to the types of beverages and differences across shows and characters...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183287/price-elasticity-of-the-demand-for-soft-drinks-other-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-energy-dense-food-in-chile
#19
Carlos M Guerrero-López, Mishel Unar-Munguía, M Arantxa Colchero
BACKGROUND: Chile is the second world's largest per capita consumer of caloric beverages. Caloric beverages are associated with overweight, obesity and other chronic diseases. The objective of this study is to estimate the price elasticity of demand for soft drinks, other sugar-sweetened beverages and high-energy dense foods in urban areas in Chile in order to evaluate the potential response of households' consumption to changes in prices. METHODS: We used microdata from the VII Family Budget Survey 2012-2013, which collects information on expenditures made by Chilean urban households on items such as beverages and foods...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182671/screen-based-sedentary-time-association-with-soft-drink-consumption-and-the-moderating-effect-of-parental-education-in-european-children-the-energy-study
#20
Mekdes K Gebremariam, Mai J Chinapaw, Bettina Bringolf-Isler, Elling Bere, Eva Kovacs, Maïté Verloigne, F Marijn Stok, Yannis Manios, Johannes Brug, Nanna Lien
AIM: The aim of the present study was to explore if children who spend more time on screen-based sedentary behaviors (i.e.TV viewing and computer use) drink more sugar-sweetened soft drinks. The study also assessed whether these associations were independent of individual and home environmental correlates of soft drink consumption and whether they were moderated by parental education. METHODS: Data were collected from 7886 children participating in the EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive weight Gain among Youth (ENERGY) survey conducted in eight European countries...
2017: PloS One
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