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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102534/food-and-beverage-consumption-and-food-addiction-among-women-in-the-nurses-health-studies
#1
Adina R Lemeshow, Eric B Rimm, Deborah S Hasin, Ashley N Gearhardt, Alan J Flint, Alison E Field, Jeanine M Genkinger
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies have not addressed a fundamental component of a food addiction disorder: the compulsive relationship between eating and potentially positively reinforcing foods. We aimed to evaluate the association between food consumption and food addiction. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses merging data from the Nurses' Health Study (n = 58,625) and Nurses' Health Study II (n = 65,063), two prospective cohort studies of female nurses in the United States...
November 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096532/effects-of-chronic-aspartame-consumption-on-mptp-induced-parkinsonism-in-male-and-female-mice
#2
Shaimaa Nasr Amin, Sherif Sabry Hassan, Laila Ahmed Rashed
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Aspartame (l-aspartyl-l-phenylalanine methyl ester), a low calorie sweetener used in foods and beverages. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effect of chronic aspartame intake on Parkinsonism induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). METHOD: Forty-eight mice (24 males and 24 females): control, aspartame, MPTP, and aspartame + MPTP groups tested by Y-maze, stepping, forced swimming and olfactory preference tests...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072154/where-are-the-low-calorie-sweeteners-an-analysis-of-the-presence-and-types-of-low-calorie-sweeteners-in-packaged-foods-sold-in-brazil-from-food-labelling
#3
Luiza Dos Santos Figueiredo, Tailane Scapin, Ana Carolina Fernandes, Rossana Pacheco da Costa Proença
OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown that consumption of low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) may be associated with harmful health effects. The current study investigated the presence and types of LCS added to packaged foods. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study analysing the presence and types of LCS in the ingredients lists of packaged foods sold at a major Brazilian supermarket. To identify types of LCS allowed for use in foods in Brazil, current legislation was consulted. Data were organised and analysed through descriptive statistics, presenting simple and relative frequencies of LCS presence categorised by food group...
October 26, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994511/relationships-of-family-conflict-cohesion-and-chaos-in-the-home-environment-on-maternal-and-child-food-related-behaviours
#4
Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Virginia Quick, Man Zhang, Yanhong Jin, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
This study examined how food-related behaviours differed in mothers and their preschool children by levels of family functioning (cohesion and conflict) and household disorganization (chaos). A nationally representative sample of mothers of preschoolers completed an online survey assessing food-related behaviours of themselves and their children. Maternal and child diet, eating behaviours, and health status; household availability of fruits/vegetables, salty/fatty snacks, and sugar-sweetened beverages; family mealtime atmosphere; and family conflict, cohesion, and household chaos were assessed with valid, reliable scales...
October 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974819/mass-transfer-kinetics-and-quality-attributes-of-osmo-dehydrated-candied-pumpkins-using-nutritious-sweeteners
#5
S Katsoufi, A E Lazou, M C Giannakourou, M K Krokida
The aim of this study was to investigate the mass transfer and quality properties changes during the osmotic dehydration (OD) step of the candying process in pumpkins. The goal was to obtain nutritious, low calorie candied pumpkins improving the time-consuming and inconsistent traditional technique. The osmotic agents were sucrose, oligofructose and mixture of sucrose-oligofructose (1:1), while the concentration of each solution was constant (70° Brix). The process temperature varied in three levels (75, 85 and 95 °C) and the duration was 180 min for sucrose and 240 min for the other osmotic agents...
September 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970510/identification-of-isoliquiritigenin-as-an-activator-that-stimulates-the-enzymatic-production-of-glycyrrhetinic-acid-monoglucuronide
#6
Xiaoxue Wang, Dong Wang, Yixin Huo, Dazhang Dai, Chihua Li, Chun Li, Guiyan Liu
Glycyrrhetinic acid monoglucuronide (GAMG) is a great value-added and has considerable commercial interest due to its strong pharmacological activities and functional low-calorie sweetener. However GAMG is quite rare in natural plants, and it must be prepared from glycyrrhizin (GL) by hydrolysing one terminal glucuronic acid. β-Glucuronidase is the key enzyme in the biotransformation of GL to GAMG, but its activities need to be enhanced to facilitate the industrial large-scale production of GAMG. In this study, we identified that isoliquiritigenin (ISL), as one of chemical compositions from the total flavonoids glycyrrhiza (TFG), can significantly enhance β-glucuronidase activity in vitro...
October 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954540/recent-advances-in-biological-production-of-erythritol
#7
Dorota A Rzechonek, Adam Dobrowolski, Waldemar Rymowicz, Aleksandra M Mirończuk
Erythritol is a natural sweetener commonly used in the food and pharmaceutical industries. Produced by microorganisms as an osmoprotectant, it is an ideal sucrose substitute for diabetics or overweight persons due to its almost zero calorie content. Currently, erythritol is produced on an industrial scale through the fermentation of sugars by some yeasts, such as Moniliella sp. However, the popularity of erythritol as a sweetener is still small because of its high retail price. This creates an opportunity for further process improvement...
September 27, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905094/recent-advances-on-the-difructose-anhydride-iv-preparation-from-levan-conversion
#8
REVIEW
Hua Hang
Difructose anhydride IV (DFA IV) is a cyclic disaccharide consisting of two fructose residues, which is obtained from levan conversion with levan fructotransferase (LFTase) and rarely found in nature as a low-calorie sugar substitute. Some beneficial effects of DFA IV connected with its consumption have been described. The article reviews the properties and physiological functions of DFA IV, levan conversion, resources and properties of LFTase and the produced methods of DFA IV. LFTase as a relatively novel enzyme and its molecular evolution are discussed as well...
October 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899680/the-cephalic-phase-insulin-response-to-nutritive-and-low-calorie-sweeteners-in-solid-and-beverage-form
#9
Jaapna Dhillon, Janice Y Lee, Richard D Mattes
The purpose of the study was to examine the role of the cephalic phase insulin response (CPIR) following exposure to nutritive and low-calorie sweeteners in solid and beverage form in overweight and obese adults. In addition, the role of learning on the CPIR to nutritive and low-calorie sweetener exposure was tested. Sixty-four overweight and obese adults (age: 18-50years, BMI: 24-37kg/m(2), body fat percentage>25% for men and >32% for women) were sham-fed (at 2-minute intervals for 14min) a randomly assigned test load comprised of a nutritive (sucrose) or low-calorie sweetener (sucralose) in beverage or solid form in phase 1 of the study...
November 1, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838349/effect-of-kh2po4-on-gene-expression-morphological-and-biochemical-characteristics-of-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni-under-in-vitro-conditions
#10
D Kahrizi, S M Ghari, M Ghaheri, F Fallah, T Ghorbani, A Beheshti Ale Agha, E Kazemi, Z Ansarypour
Stevia rebaudiana is one of the most important biologically sourced and low-calorie sweeteners Bertoni that has a lot of steviol glycosides. Tissue culture is the best for propagation of stevia and micro nutrients can affect both morphological traits and steviol glycosides production. Therefore, the effect of different concentrations of KH2PO4on stevia growth factors and gene expression had been studied by tissue culture methods, RT-PCR and HPLC. According the results, bud numbers had increased significantly in MS + 0...
August 15, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837084/consumption-of-low-calorie-sweetened-beverages-compared-to-water-is-associated-with-reduced-intake-of-carbohydrates-and-sugar-with-no-adverse-relationships-to-glycemic-responses-results-from-the-2001-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys
#11
Marge Leahy, Joseph C Ratliff, Claudia S Riedt, Victor L Fulgoni
Although the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee concluded that there was moderate evidence that substituting sugar-containing sweeteners with low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) reduces calorie intake and weight, dietary recommendations encourage substituting only water for sugar-sweetened beverages during weight management. This cross-sectional study evaluated the relation of water and no- and low-calorie sweetened beverage (LCSB) intake with nutrient intakes and prediabetes criteria using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2012 in 25,817 adults that were free of diabetes...
August 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805091/a-comparison-of-two-low-calorie-sweeteners-and-sugar-in-dark-chocolate-on-sensory-attributes-and-emotional-conceptualisations
#12
Sofie Lagast, Hans De Steur, Joachim J Schouteten, Xavier Gellynck
Reducing sugar consumption is an important aspect in the prevention of and fight against obesity. A broader understanding of consumers' perceptions of low-calorie sweeteners is needed. This study examined two low-calorie sweeteners, tagatose and stevia, in comparison to sugar in dark chocolate. A total of 219 consumers participated in this study and rated overall liking and sensory attributes. Participants also listed their emotional conceptualisations upon consumption and were assessed on emotional eating behaviour and health and taste attitudes...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649143/sugar-price-supports-and-taxation-a-public-health-policy-paradox
#13
Abby Dilk, Dennis A Savaiano
Domestic US sugar production has been protected by government policy for the past 82 years, resulting in elevated domestic prices and an estimated annual (2013) $1.4 billion dollar "tax" on consumers. These elevated prices and the simultaneous federal support for domestic corn production have ensured a strong market for high-fructose corn syrup. Americans have dramatically increased their consumption of caloric sweeteners during the same period. Consumption of "empty" calories (ie, foods with low-nutrient/high-caloric density)-sugar and high-fructose corn syrup being the primary sources-is considered by most public health experts to be a key contributing factor to the rise in obesity...
May 2017: Nutrition Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587159/effects-of-low-dose-non-caloric-sweetener-consumption-on-gut-microbiota-in-mice
#14
Takashi Uebanso, Ai Ohnishi, Reiko Kitayama, Ayumi Yoshimoto, Mutsumi Nakahashi, Takaaki Shimohata, Kazuaki Mawatari, Akira Takahashi
Abstract: Non-caloric artificial sweeteners (NASs) provide sweet tastes to food without adding calories or glucose. NASs can be used as alternative sweeteners for controlling blood glucose levels and weight gain. Although the consumption of NASs has increased over the past decade in Japan and other countries, whether these sweeteners affect the composition of the gut microbiome is unclear. In the present study, we examined the effects of sucralose or acesulfame-K ingestion (at most the maximum acceptable daily intake (ADI) levels, 15 mg/kg body weight) on the gut microbiome in mice...
June 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506059/application-of-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-to-determine-urinary-concentrations-of-five-commonly-used-low-calorie-sweeteners-a-novel-biomarker-approach-for-assessing-recent-intakes
#15
Caomhan Logue, Le Roy C Dowey, J J Strain, Hans Verhagen, Stephen McClean, Alison M Gallagher
Although the use of low-calorie sweeteners (LCSs) is widespread, methods of assessing consumption within free-living populations have inherent limitations. Five commonly consumed LCSs, namely, acesulfame-K, saccharin, sucralose, cyclamate, and steviol glycosides, are excreted via the urine, and therefore a urinary biomarker approach may provide more objective LCS intake data. A LC-ESI-MS/MS method of simultaneously determining acesulfame-K, saccharin, sucralose, cyclamate, and the excretory metabolite of steviol glycosides, steviol glucuronide, in human urine was developed and validated...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424188/nutritional-profile-of-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-household-food-and-beverage-purchases
#16
Anna H Grummon, Lindsey Smith Taillie
Background: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which is the largest federal nutrition assistance program in the United States, serves nearly 1 of 7 Americans. To date, few studies have examined food and beverage purchase behaviors in SNAP participants with the use of electronic purchase data.Objective: In this cross-sectional study, we examined household store purchases of key food, beverage, and nutrient groups in SNAP participants and nonparticipants.Design: Using a data set of US households' (n = 98,256 household-by-quarter observations) packaged food and beverage purchases and SNAP status [current participant, income-eligible nonparticipant (income ≤130% of the Federal Poverty Level [FPL]), and higher-income nonparticipants (income >130% of the FPL)] from 3 quarters during 2012-2013, we estimated pooled ordinary least-squares models, clustered at the household level, to examine the association between SNAP status and purchases while controlling for sociodemographic characteristics...
June 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417465/effects-of-rare-sugar-d-allulose-on-heat-induced-gelation-of-surimi-prepared-from-marine-fish
#17
Masahiro Ogawa, Masaki Inoue, Shigeru Hayakawa, Siwaporn O'Charoen, Makiko Ogawa
BACKGROUND: d-Allulose (Alu), the C3-epimer of d-fructose, is a non-caloric sweetener (0.39 kcal g(-1) ) with a suppressive effect on postprandial blood glucose elevation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Alu used as a sweetener and gel improver instead of sucrose on heat-induced gelation of surimi. RESULTS: The puncture test of a heat-induced surimi gel showed that with 50 g kg(-1) Alu the gel had 15% and 6% higher gel strength than the corresponding gel with sucrose (Suc) and with sorbitol (Sor), respectively...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407474/the-impact-of-low-and-no-caloric-sweeteners-on-glucose-absorption-incretin-secretion-and-glucose-tolerance
#18
Catherine B Chan, Zohre Hashemi, Fatheema B Subhan
The consumption of non-nutritive, low, or no-calorie sweeteners (LCS) is increasing globally. Previously thought to be physiologically inert, there is a growing body of evidence that LCS not only provide a sweet taste but may also elicit metabolic effects in the gastrointestinal tract. This review provides a brief overview of the chemical and receptor-binding properties and effects on chemosensation of different LCS but focuses on the extent to which LCS stimulates glucose transport, incretin and insulin secretion, and effects on glucose tolerance...
August 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399265/survival-of-the-house-fly-diptera-muscidae-on-truvia-and-other-sweeteners
#19
Michael L Fisher, Fallon E Fowler, Steven S Denning, David W Watson
The house fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae), is a disease vector of mechanically transmitted pathogens including bacteria, viruses, and protozoans. Opportunities for pathogen transmission can increase as fly longevity increases. Dietary preferences play an important role in insect longevity; therefore, we investigated house fly preferences, sucrose availability, and caloric constraints on house fly longevity. Experimental goals were: 1) to test the effects of calorie restriction on survival of house flies by manipulating concentrations of erythritol (low caloric content) and sucrose (high caloric content), and comparing commercial sweeteners of differing calorie content, 2) to identify house fly preferences for either erythritol or sucrose, and 3) to evaluate the insecticidal activity or toxicity of erythritol on house flies...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370108/a-preliminary-study-on-the-application-of-natural-sweet-proteins-in-agar-based-gels
#20
Nicoletta A Miele, Rossella Di Monaco, Francesca Dell'Amura, Michele F Rega, Delia Picone, Silvana Cavella
Natural sweet proteins may be used as sugar replacer in simple liquid food systems but their applicability in more complex matrices has not been investigated yet. Gelling agent nature and texture characteristics as well as type and distribution of a stimulus in a gel could affect taste perception through inhibition or enhancement of tastants migration to the receptors. The mechanical, nonoral texture and time-intensity sweetness characteristics of sweet proteins MNEI and super sweet Y65R mutant, aspartame and saccharin added at a concentration iso-sweet to 40 g/L of sucrose in three agar gel concentrations (1%, 1...
April 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
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