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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918597/effect-of-vibration-on-postural-control-and-gait-of-elderly-subjects-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Farzam Farahmand, Reza Fadayevatan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gait and balance disorders are common in the elderly populations, and their prevalence increases with age. This systematic review was performed to summarize the current evidence for subthreshold vibration interventions on postural control and gait in elderly. METHOD: A review of intervention studies including the following words in the title/abstract: insole, foot and ankle appliances, vibration, noise and elderly related to balance and gait...
September 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918423/non-discriminant-relationships-between-leg-muscle-strength-mass-and-gait-performance-in-healthy-young-and-old-adults
#2
Thomas Muehlbauer, Urs Granacher, Ron Borde, Tibor Hortobágyi
BACKGROUND: Gait speed declines with increasing age, but it is unclear if gait speed preferentially correlates with leg muscle strength or mass. OBJECTIVE: We determined the relationship between gait speed and (1) leg muscle strength measured at 3 lower extremity joints and (2) leg lean tissue mass (LTM) in healthy young (age: 25 years, n = 20) and old (age: 70 years, n = 20) adults. METHODS: Subjects were tested for maximal isokinetic hip, knee, and ankle extension torque, leg LTM by bioimpedance, and gait performance (i...
September 16, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917641/changes-in-innervation-of-lumbar-motoneurons-and-organization-of-premotor-network-following-training-of-transected-adult-rats
#3
Loubna Khalki, Karina Sadlaoud, Julie Lerond, Jacques-Olivier Coq, Jean-Michel Brezun, Laurent Vinay, Patrice Coulon, Hélène Bras
Rats with complete spinal cord transection (SCT) can recover hindlimb locomotor function under strategies combining exercise training and 5-HT agonist treatment. This recovery is expected to result from structural and functional re-organization within the spinal cord below the lesion. To begin to understand the nature of this reorganization, we examined synaptic changes to identified gastrocnemius (GS) or tibialis anterior (TA) motoneurons (MNs) in SCT rats after a schedule of early exercise training and delayed 5-HT agonist treatment...
September 13, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915201/letter-to-the-editor-on-effects-of-antigravity-treadmill-training-on-gait-balance-and-fall-risk-in-children-with-diplegic-cerebral-palsy
#4
Corinne Ammann-Reiffer, Rob Labruyère
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910754/a-phase-variable-approach-for-imu-based-locomotion-activity-recognition
#5
Harrison L Bartlett, Michael Goldfarb
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes a gait classification method which utilizes measured motion of the thigh segment provided by an inertial measurement unit (IMU). METHODS: The classification method employs a phase-variable description of gait, and identifies a given activity based on the expected curvature characteristics of that activity over a gait cycle. The classification method was tested in experiments conducted with seven healthy subjects performing three different locomotor activities: level ground walking, stair descent, and stair ascent...
September 8, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910655/self-esteem-recognition-based-on-gait-pattern-using-kinect
#6
Bingli Sun, Zhan Zhang, Xingyun Liu, Bin Hu, Tingshao Zhu
BACKGROUND: Self-esteem is an important aspect of individual's mental health. When subjects are not able to complete self-report questionnaire, behavioral assessment will be a good supplement. In this paper, we propose to use gait data collected by Kinect as an indicator to recognize self-esteem. METHODS: 178 graduate students without disabilities participate in our study. Firstly, all participants complete the 10-item Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSS) to acquire self-esteem score...
September 8, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906387/a-nearly-full-recovery-from-avm-hemorrhagic-stroke-17-years-after-insult-using-a-new-integrated-neurodevelopmental-approach-a-case-report
#7
Alberto J Friedmann
RATIONAL: With the prevalence of stroke increasing in the USA and the world along with increased survival and longevity due to medical advancements, it has become increasingly necessary to look at the chronic phase of stroke recovery. Previous paradigms of stroke treatment have proven ineffective when looking at 10, 15, or 20 years of survival post insult. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient, being a young man just out of high school, was concerned with his overall morbidity...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904105/contribution-of-sensory-feedback-to-plantar-flexor-muscle-activation-during-push-off-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Rasmus Feld Frisk, Peter Jensen, Henrik Kirk, Laurent J Bouyer, Jakob Lorentzen, Jens Bo Nielsen
INTRODUCTION: Exaggerated sensory activity has been assumed to contribute to functional impairment following lesion of the central motor pathway. However, recent studies have suggested that sensory contribution to muscle activity during gait is reduced in stroke patients and children with cerebral palsy (CP). We investigated whether this also occurs in CP adults and whether daily treadmill training is accompanied by alterations in sensory contribution to muscle activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 17 CP adults and 12 uninjured individuals participated...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903771/novel-spatiotemporal-analysis-of-gait-changes-in-body-weight-supported-treadmill-trained-rats-following-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#9
Nathan D Neckel
BACKGROUND: Common gait measures such as stride length, cycle time, and step height are not independent variables, but different aspects of the same multidimensional step. This complicates comparisons between experimental groups. Here we present a novel multidimensional gait analysis method and use this method to assess the ability of body weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT) to improve rodent stepping after spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: In lieu of reducing a step to a collection of gait measures and comparing the means of several of these, we developed a multidimensional analysis technique that compares the step as a whole...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901824/repeated-split-belt-treadmill-walking-improved-gait-ability-in-individuals-with-chronic-stroke-a-pilot-study
#10
Martina Betschart, Bradford J McFadyen, Sylvie Nadeau
This study investigated the effects of repeated split-belt treadmill (SBT) walking on gait ability in individuals poststroke. Twelve individuals with a first unilateral cerebral stroke (10 males; mean age 53 (SD 8.74); mean time poststroke 25 months (SD 23.5); 9 left-sided stroke) and initial step length (SL) asymmetry (ratio = 1.10-2.05) volunteered for the study. They were trained by physiotherapists from an outpatient rehabilitation center six times over 2-3 weeks using a SBT protocol. After only six sessions of training, all participants reduced their SL asymmetry from an average ratio of 1...
September 13, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900546/short-term-and-long-term-effects-of-an-exercise-based-patient-education-programme-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#11
Christina Lutz, Stephanie Kersten, Christian T Haas
Background. Although people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS) benefit from physical exercise, they still show reduced physical activity and exercise behaviour. This study aimed to investigate short- and long-term effects of an exercise-based patient education programme (ePEP) that focuses on empowering pwMS to a sustainable and self-regulated exercise training management. Methods. Fourteen pwMS were randomly assigned to immediate experimental group (EG-I: n = 8) and waitlist-control group (EG-W: n = 6) and attended biweekly in a six-week ePEP...
2017: Multiple Sclerosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899731/combined-physical-cognitive-training-enhances-postural-performances-during-daily-life-tasks-in-older-adults
#12
Rabeb Laatar, Hiba Kachouri, Rihab Borji, Haithem Rebai, Sonia Sahli
Physical-cognitive interventions seem promising to improve balance and gait performances and prevent falls in the elderly. Although these beneficial effects, it is still not clear whether these physical-cognitive training modalities leads to more general non-specific adaptations that can be transferred to some measures reflecting every day abilities. This randomized controlled trial examined postural (center of pressure oscillations), physical (lower body strength, gait speed, functional mobility, dynamic balance) and cognitive performances (reaction time) and postural performance during daily life tasks (walking while conversing on a phone and maintaining an upright standing posture while buttoning a shirt) in older adults (66...
September 9, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893187/does-dual-task-training-improve-walking-performance-of-older-adults-with-concern-of-falling
#13
B Wollesen, S Schulz, L Seydell, K Delbaere
BACKGROUND: Older adults with concerns of falling show decrements of gait stability under single (ST) and dual task (DT) conditions. To compare the effects of a DT training integrating task managing strategies for independent living older adults with and without concern about falling (CoF) to a non-training control group on walking performance under ST and DT conditions. METHODS: Single center parallel group single blind randomized controlled trial with group-based interventions (DT-managing balance training) compared to a control group (Ninety-five independent living older adults; 71...
September 11, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890833/gender-success-and-drop-out-during-a-resistance-exercise-program-in-community-dwelling-old-adults
#14
O G Geirsdottir, M Chang, K Briem, P V Jonsson, I Thorsdottir, A Ramel
BACKGROUND: Resistance exercise training can be effective against sarcopenia. We identified predictors of drop-out and compared physical outcomes between men and women after such training. METHODS: Subjects (N = 236, 73.7 ± 5.7 years) participated in a 12-week resistance exercise program. Outcome variables were measured at baseline and endpoint. RESULTS: Drop-out was 11.9% and not significantly different between genders. Drop-outs were significantly older and had poorer strength and physical function in comparison to completers...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890341/cueing-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-with-freezing-of-gait-a-narrative-review-of-the-state-of-the-art-and-novel-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Ginis Pieter, Nackaerts Evelien, Nieuwboer Alice, Heremans Elke
Freezing, which manifests during gait and other movements, is an incapacitating motor symptom experienced by many patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). In rehabilitation, auditory and visual cueing methods are commonly applied to evoke a more goal-directed type of motor control and, as such, reduce freezing severity in patients with PD. In this narrative review, we summarize the current evidence regarding the effects of external cueing in patients with PD with freezing of gait (FOG) and provide suggestions on how to further improve cueing effectiveness with emerging technological developments...
September 7, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889810/simple-diagnostic-signs-in-those-with-cognitive-impairment-anything-to-improve-detection-of-cognitive-disorders
#16
Michael C Woodward
With now over 50 million people worldwide with dementia (Prince et al., 2013), there are almost certainly well over 100 million people with cognitive concerns and many of these will attend their health professional keen to know what is going on. We need those without intensive training in this field to be more confident and correct in their diagnosis when such a concerned person turns up. Many simple diagnostic tests have been proposed and some assessed - these include the walk and talk (divided attention) test (those who stop when asked a question while walking may be cognitively impaired) (Lamoth et al...
September 11, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888468/effect-of-visual-biofeedback-cycling-training-on-gait-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#17
A Hochsprung, A Granja Domínguez, E Magni, S Escudero Uribe, A Moreno García
INTRODUCTION: Gait alterations are present in a high percentage of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). They appear from early stages of the disease and can limit patients' capacity to perform basic activities of daily living, affecting their quality of life. Visual biofeedback cycling training appears to be a useful tool in treating these impairments. This study aims to evaluate the short-term effect of visual biofeedback cycling training on gait in patients with MS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 61 patients with mild to moderate MS were randomly assigned to a control group and an intervention group...
September 6, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886059/optimisation-of-a-machine-learning-algorithm-in-human-locomotion-using-principal-component-and-discriminant-function-analyses
#18
Maria Bisele, Martin Bencsik, Martin G C Lewis, Cleveland T Barnett
Assessment methods in human locomotion often involve the description of normalised graphical profiles and/or the extraction of discrete variables. Whilst useful, these approaches may not represent the full complexity of gait data. Multivariate statistical methods, such as Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Discriminant Function Analysis (DFA), have been adopted since they have the potential to overcome these data handling issues. The aim of the current study was to develop and optimise a specific machine learning algorithm for processing human locomotion data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885115/a-9-week-jaques-dalcroze-eurhythmics-intervention-improves-single-and-dual-task-gait-speed-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#19
Lisa Ferguson-Stegall, Mandy Vang, Anthony S Wolfe, Kathy M Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major public health concern among older adults, and most occur while walking, especially under dualtask conditions. Jaques-Dalcroze eurhythmics (JDE) is a music-based movement training program that emphasizes multitask coordinated movement. A previous 6-mo JDE study in older people demonstrated improved gait and balance; however, the effects of short-term JDE interventions on fall risk-related outcomes are largely unknown. We conducted a preliminary investigation on whether a 9-week JDE intervention improved gait and stability in a community-dwelling older cohort, hypothesizing that improvements would occur in all outcome measures...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878730/stepping-to-the-beat-feasibility-and-potential-efficacy-of-a-home-based-auditory-cued-step-training-program-in-chronic-stroke
#20
Rachel L Wright, Simone Briony Brownless, David Pratt, Catherine M Sackley, Alan M Wing
BACKGROUND: Hemiparesis after stroke typically results in a reduced walking speed, an asymmetrical gait pattern and a reduced ability to make gait adjustments. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of home-based training involving auditory cueing of stepping in place. METHODS: Twelve community-dwelling participants with chronic hemiparesis completed two 3-week blocks of home-based stepping to music overlaid with an auditory metronome...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
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