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Gait education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972245/multi-domains-lifestyle-interventions-reduces-depressive-symptoms-among-frail-and-pre-frail-older-persons-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
T P Ng, M S Z Nyunt, L Feng, L Feng, M Niti, B Y Tan, G Chan, S A Khoo, S M Chan, P Yap, K B Yap
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effect of multi-domain lifestyle (physical, nutritional, cognitive) interventions among frail and pre-frail community-living older persons on reducing depressive symptoms. METHOD: Participants aged 65 and above were randomly allocated to 24 weeks duration interventions with nutritional supplementation (N=49), physical training (N=48), cognitive training (N=50), combination intervention (N=49) and usual care control (N=50). Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) at baseline (0M), 3 month (3M), 6 month (6M) and 12 month (12M)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942611/global-sensory-impairment-predicts-morbidity-and-mortality-in-older-u-s-adults
#2
Jayant M Pinto, Kristen E Wroblewski, Megan Huisingh-Scheetz, Camil Correia, Kevin J Lopez, Rachel C Chen, David W Kern, Philip L Schumm, William Dale, Martha K McClintock
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate global sensory impairment (GSI, an integrated measure of sensory dysfunction) as a predictor of physical function, cognition, overall health, and mortality. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: The National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project. PARTICIPANTS: A national probability sample of 3,005 home-dwelling older U.S. adults assessed at baseline (2005-06) and 5-year follow-up (2010-11). MEASUREMENTS: Gait speed, activity, disability, cognition, overall health, 5-year mortality...
September 24, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934996/balancing-the-demands-of-two-tasks-an-investigation-of-cognitive-motor-dual-tasking-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Emma Butchard-MacDonald, Lorna Paul, Jonathan J Evans
BACKGROUND: People with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (PwRRMS) suffer disproportionate decrements in gait under dual-task conditions, when walking and a cognitive task are combined. There has been much less investigation of the impact of cognitive demands on balance. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether: (1) PwRRMS show disproportionate decrements in postural stability under dual-task conditions compared to healthy controls, and (2) dual-task decrements are associated with everyday dual-tasking difficulties...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931994/efficacy-of-ankle-control-balance-training-on-postural-balance-and-gait-ability-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-single-blinded-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Kyeongjin Lee, Yong Woo Lee
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effects of ankle control balance training (ACBT) on postural balance and gait ability in community-dwelling older adults. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty-four subjects were randomly divided into two groups, with 27 subjects in the ACBT group and 27 subjects in the control group. Subjects in the ACBT group received ACBT for 60 minutes, twice per week for 4 weeks, and all subjects had undergone fall prevention education for 60 minutes, once per week for 4 weeks...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931439/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-on-neuromuscular-function-for-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Zhangqi Lai, Xueqiang Wang, Seullee Lee, Xihe Hou, Lin Wang
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a leading cause of public disability. Neuromuscular function contributes to the development and/or progression of KOA. Whole body vibration (WBV) exercise improve the neuromuscular function of patients with neurological disorders and even that of older patients with limited exercise options. Therefore, WBV exercise may offer an efficient and alternative treatment for individuals with KOA. However, the effects of WBV training on the neuromuscular function of individuals with KOA remain unclear...
September 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922395/an-analysis-of-equine-round-pen-training-videos-posted-online-differences-between-amateur-and-professional-trainers
#6
Erin Kydd, Barbara Padalino, Cathrynne Henshall, Paul McGreevy
Natural Horsemanship is popular among many amateur and professional trainers and as such, has been the subject of recent scientific enquiry. One method commonly adopted by Natural Horsemanship (NH) trainers is that of round pen training (RPT). RPT sessions are usually split into a series of bouts; each including two phases: chasing/flight and chasing offset/flight offset. However, NH training styles are heterogeneous. This study investigated online videos of RPT to explore the characteristics of RPT sessions and test for differences in techniques and outcomes between amateurs and professionals (the latter being defined as those with accompanying online materials that promote clinics, merchandise or a service to the public)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910813/the-neighborhood-built-environment-and-cognitive-function-of-older-persons-results-from-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-study
#7
Tze Pin Ng, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Faysal Kabir Shuvo, Jia Yen Eng, Keng Bee Yap, Li Min Hee, Siew Pang Chan, Samuel Scherer
BACKGROUND: We investigated the association of subjective (perceived) and objective (geographical information system [GIS]-based) measures of the neighborhood built environment (BE) attributes with cognitive function among older persons, and the mediating effect of transportation physical activity (TPA) and leisure time (physical, social and productive) activities (LTA). METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 402 residents aged 55 years and above in the Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study...
September 15, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900546/short-term-and-long-term-effects-of-an-exercise-based-patient-education-programme-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#8
Christina Lutz, Stephanie Kersten, Christian T Haas
Background. Although people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS) benefit from physical exercise, they still show reduced physical activity and exercise behaviour. This study aimed to investigate short- and long-term effects of an exercise-based patient education programme (ePEP) that focuses on empowering pwMS to a sustainable and self-regulated exercise training management. Methods. Fourteen pwMS were randomly assigned to immediate experimental group (EG-I: n = 8) and waitlist-control group (EG-W: n = 6) and attended biweekly in a six-week ePEP...
2017: Multiple Sclerosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885236/effectiveness-of-the-conductive-educational-approach-added-to-conventional-physiotherapy-in-the-improvement-of-gait-parameters-of-poststroke-patients-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#9
Adél Nagy, Csenge Angeli, Zsófia Hőgye, Ágnes Bajusz-Leny, Gergő Réti, Attila Cs Nagy, Zoltán Jenei
Our objective was to assess the benefits of the conductive education (CE) approach added to conventional physiotherapy in gait functions of poststroke, hemiparetic patients. A randomized-controlled trial was designed in a rehabilitation clinic. Late and chronic poststroke patients with gait disturbances (n=17, median age: 55 years, range: 41-72 years) were enrolled in the study. All patients received conventional physiotherapy. However, patients of only one group took part in therapy on the basis of the CE approach...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869903/biomechanical-differences-between-cases-with-suspected-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-and-asymptomatic-controls-during-running
#10
Andrew Roberts, David Roscoe, David Hulse, Alexander N Bennett, Sharon Dixon
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) has been hypothesised, following clinical observations, to be the result of abnormal biomechanics predominantly at the ankle. Treatment of CECS through running re-education to correct these abnormalities has been reported to improve symptoms. However no primary research has been carried out to investigate the movement patterns of those with CECS. This study aimed to compare the running kinematics and muscle activity of cases with CECS and asymptomatic controls...
August 30, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869468/association-of-gait-speed-psychomotor-speed-and-dementia
#11
Callixte Kuate-Tegueu, José-Alberto Avila-Funes, Nadine Simo, Mélanie Le Goff, Hélène Amiéva, Jean-François Dartigues, Maturin Tabue-Teguo
BACKGROUND: Gait speed (GS) and psychomotor speed (PS) could be considered as two different dimensions of age-related slowness and both measures are associated with higher risk of adverse health-related outcomes among elderly people. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between GS, PS, and incident dementia among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Twelve-year longitudinal study of 1,265 participants in the Bordeaux Three-City Study, a French prospective cohort designed to determine the risk of dementia and cognitive impairment attributable to cardiovascular risk factors...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843846/sport-concussion-assessment-tool-third-edition-normative-reference-values-for-professional-rugby-union-players
#12
G W Fuller, O Govind, R Tucker, M Raftery
OBJECTIVES: To establish normative reference data for the SCAT3 in professional Rugby Union players. DESIGN: A cross sectional study in professional Rugby Union players competing in national and international professional competitions between 2015 and 2016. METHODS: The SCAT3 was administered pre-season or prior to tournaments. Data was collected electronically using a custom tablet application. SCAT3 subcomponents distributions were described and normative ranges determined using percentile cut-offs for average, unusually low/high, and extremely low/high scores...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831714/omega-3-fatty-acid-levels-in-red-blood-cell-membranes-and-physical-decline-over-3%C3%A2-years-longitudinal-data-from-the-mapt-study
#13
Bertrand Fougère, Sabine Goisser, Christelle Cantet, Gaëlle Soriano, Sophie Guyonnet, Philipe De Souto Barreto, Matteo Cesari, Sandrine Andrieu, Bruno Vellas
Studies have shown that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are associated with brain, cardiovascular, and immune function, as well as physical performance and bone health in older adults. So far, few studies have investigated the associations between PUFA status and performance-based tests of physical function. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between the omega-3 PUFA levels (eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) in red blood cell (RBC) membranes and physical performance, in a sample of community-dwelling older adults...
August 22, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827697/gait-speed-rather-than-dynapenia-is-a-simple-indicator-for-complex-care-needs-a-cross-sectional-study-using-minimum-data-set
#14
Tzu-Ya Huang, Chih-Kuang Liang, Hsiu-Chu Shen, Hon-I Chen, Mei-Chen Liao, Ming-Yueh Chou, Yu-Te Lin, Liang-Kung Chen
The impact of dynapenia on the complexity of care for residents of long-term care facilities (LTCF) remains unclear. The present study evaluated associations between dynapenia, care problems and care complexity in 504 residents of Veterans Care Homes (VCHs) in Taiwan. Subjects with dynapenia, defined as low muscle strength (handgrip strength <26 kg), were older adults with lower body mass index (BMI), slow gait speed, and higher numbers of Resident Assessment Protocol (RAP) triggers. After adjusting for age, education, BMI, and Charlson's comorbidity index (CCI), only age, education, BMI and gait speed were independently associated with higher numbers of RAP triggers, but not dynapenia or handgrip strength (kg)...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820909/dose-of-physical-activity-physical-functioning-and-disability-risk-in-mobility-limited-older-adults-results-from-the-life-study-randomized-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Roger A Fielding, Jack M Guralnik, Abby C King, Marco Pahor, Mary M McDermott, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Todd M Manini, Nancy W Glynn, Anthony P Marsh, Robert S Axtell, Fang-Chi Hsu, W Jack Rejeski
Understanding the minimal dose of physical activity required to achieve improvement in physical functioning and reductions in disability risk is necessary to inform public health recommendations. To examine the effect of physical activity dose on changes in physical functioning and the onset of major mobility disability in The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. We conducted a multicenter single masked randomized controlled trial that enrolled participants in 2010 and 2011 and followed them for an average of 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818760/slow-gait-speed-is-associated-with-executive-function-decline-in-older-people-with-mild-to-moderate-dementia-a-one-year-longitudinal-study
#16
Morag E Taylor, Danielle A Lasschuit, Stephen R Lord, Kim Delbaere, Susan E Kurrle, A Stefanie Mikolaizak, Tasha Kvelde, Jacqueline C T Close
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to document change in neuropsychological, physical and functional performance over one year and to investigate the relationship between baseline gait speed and cognitive decline in this period in older people with dementia. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-seven older people with dementia (Mini-Mental State Examination 11-23; Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised <83) residing in the community or low level care facility completed baseline neuropsychological, physical and functional assessments...
July 31, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797962/quantitative-trunk-sway-and-prediction-of-incident-falls-in-older-adults
#17
Jeannette R Mahoney, Mooyeon Oh-Park, Emmeline Ayers, Joe Verghese
Poor balance and balance impairments are major predictors of falls. The purpose of the current study was to determine the clinical validity of baseline quantitative static trunk sway measurements in predicting incident falls in a cohort of 287 community-dwelling non-demented older Americans (mean age 76.14±6.82years; 54% female). Trunk sway was measured using the SwayStar™ device, and quantified as angular displacement in degrees in anterior-posterior (pitch) and medio-lateral (roll) planes. Over a one-year follow-up period, 66 elders (23%) reported incident falls...
July 29, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730849/treadmill-training-to-improve-mobility-for-people-with-sub-acute-stroke-a-phase-ii-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Gillian D Baer, Lisa G Salisbury, Mark T Smith, Jane Pitman, Martin Dennis
OBJECTIVE: This phase II study investigated the feasibility and potential effectiveness of treadmill training versus normal gait re-education for ambulant and non-ambulant people with sub-acute stroke delivered as part of normal clinical practice. DESIGN: A single-blind, feasibility randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Four hospital-based stroke units. SUBJECTS: Participants within three months of stroke onset. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to treadmill training (minimum twice weekly) plus normal gait re-education or normal gait re-education only (control) for up to eight weeks...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706543/a-comparison-of-the-effect-of-education-through-video-versus-demonstration-on-fear-of-falling-in-nursing-home-residents-of-mashhad-iran
#19
Zohre Najafi, Milad Barghi, Hadi Kooshyar, Hossein Karimi-Mounaghi, Marzieh Zebardast Rodi
BACKGROUND: Fear of falling is one of the most serious potential health problems. This issue is of high importance in the elderly with serious consequences such as limitations in daily activities, gait imbalance, social isolation, and increased risk of falling. One way to resolve this problem is the use of modern teaching methods such as demonstration and videos. The present study aimed at comparing the effect of education through video versus demonstration on fear of falling in nursing home residents of Mashhad city, Iran...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705468/association-of-anti-inflammatory-cytokine-il10-polymorphisms-with-motoric-cognitive-risk-syndrome-in-an-ashkenazi-jewish-population
#20
Sanish Sathyan, Nir Barzilai, Gil Atzmon, Sofiya Milman, Emmeline Ayers, Joe Verghese
Motoric cognitive risk (MCR) syndrome is a newly described predementia syndrome characterized by the presence of cognitive complaints and slow gait, which is associated with increased risk of conversion to dementia. The underlying biological mechanisms for MCR have not yet been established. Neuroinflammation mediated through cytokines plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of dementia. Hence, our objective was to prospectively examine whether variations in cytokine genes (CRP, IFNG, IL1A, IL1B, IL4, IL6, IL10, IL18, TNF, and IL12A) play a role in MCR incidence in 530 community-dwelling Ashkenazi Jewish adults aged 65 years and older without MCR or dementia at baseline enrolled in the LonGenity study...
October 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
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