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Sepsis,septic shock,resuscitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124121/patients-comorbidities-reduce-the-clinical-value-of-emergency-colonoscopy-results-of-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Cristiano Cremone, Anouk Esch, Charlotte Gagniere, Alessandro Fugazza, Faria Mesli, Michael Levy, Aurelien Amiot, Alexis Laurent, Yann LeBaleur, Francois Hemery, Nicolas De'Angelis, Francesco Brunetti, Iradj Sobhani
Background and study aims:  Urgent endoscopy is often used to diagnose and sometimes treat acute upper gastrointestinal syndromes (hemorrhage, toxic ingestion, and occlusion). However, its suitability concerning the management of lower gastrointestinal conditions in emergency circumstances is controversial. Patients and methods:  We studied the role of emergency colonoscopy in diagnosis and treatment of all consecutive patients presenting with acute lower gastrointestinal symptoms referred to our hospital on an emergency basis...
November 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123903/early-evaluation-of-severity-in-patients-with-severe-sepsis-a-comparison-with-septic-shock-subgroup-analysis-of-the-japanese-association-for-acute-medicine-sepsis-registry-jaam-sr
#2
Takehiko Tarui, Yoshihiro Yamaguchi, Koichiro Suzuki, Ryosuke Tsuruta, Hiroto Ikeda, Hiroshi Ogura, Shigeki Kushimoto, Joji Kotani, Shin-Ichiro Shiraishi, Yasushi Suzuki, Kiyotsugu Takuma, Naoshi Takeyama, Seitaro Fujishima, Toshihiko Mayumi, Yasuo Miki, Norio Yamashita, Naoki Aikawa, Satoshi Gando
Aim: The purpose of this subgroup analysis of a Japanese multicenter registry, the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine Sepsis Registry Advanced (JAAM-SR-Advanced), was to identify early outcome indicators for severe sepsis that are useful and more objective than "septic shock." Methods: Among 624 patients with severe sepsis registered in JAAM-SR-Advanced, 554 with valid serum lactate data were retrospectively studied. Hypotension before and after fluid resuscitation and the highest lactate values over the initial 24 h were compared for their ability to predict in-hospital mortality...
October 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112081/predictors-prevalence-and-outcomes-of-early-crystalloid-responsiveness-among-initially-hypotensive-patients-with-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#3
Daniel E Leisman, Martin E Doerfler, Sandra M Schneider, Kevin D Masick, Jason A D'Amore, John K D'Angelo
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of responsiveness to initial fluid challenge among hypotensive sepsis patients is unclear. To avoid fluid overload, and unnecessary treatment, it is important to differentiate these phenotypes. We aimed to 1) determine the proportion of hypotensive sepsis patients sustaining favorable hemodynamic response after initial fluid challenge, 2) determine demographic and clinical risk factors that predicted refractory hypotension, and 3) assess the association between timeliness of fluid resuscitation and refractoriness...
November 3, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079487/what-is-the-preferred-resuscitation-fluid-for-patients-with-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#4
Michael E Winters, Robert Sherwin, Gary M Vilke, Gabriel Wardi
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for the management of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock recommend crystalloids as the initial fluid solution of choice in the resuscitation of these patients. In recent years, there have been numerous studies published on the type of fluid used in the resuscitation of patients with sepsis. The primary goal of this article is to determine the preferred intravenous fluid for the resuscitation of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. METHODS: A MEDLINE literature review was completed to identify studies that investigated the type of resuscitation fluid in the management of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060444/classification-models-to-predict-vasopressor-administration-for-septic-shock-in-the-emergency-department
#5
Varesh Prasad, James C Lynch, Corey L Pasakarnis, Jill E Thorsen, Michael R Filbin, Andrew T Reisner, Thomas Heldt
Optimal management of sepsis and septic shock in the emergency department (ED) involves timely decisions related to intravenous fluid resuscitation and initiation of vasoactive medication support. A decision-support tool trained on electronic health record data, can help improve this complex decision. We retrospectively extracted vital signs, lab measurements, and fluid administration information from 807 patient visits over a two-year period to a major ED. Patients selected for inclusion had a high likelihood of septic shock...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058589/translational-evidence-for-two-distinct-patterns-of-neuroaxonal-injury-in-sepsis-a-longitudinal-prospective-translational-study
#6
Johannes Ehler, Lucinda K Barrett, Valerie Taylor, Michael Groves, Francesco Scaravilli, Matthias Wittstock, Stephan Kolbaske, Annette Grossmann, Jörg Henschel, Martin Gloger, Tarek Sharshar, Fabrice Chretien, Francoise Gray, Gabriele Nöldge-Schomburg, Mervyn Singer, Martin Sauer, Axel Petzold
BACKGROUND: Brain homeostasis deteriorates in sepsis, giving rise to a mostly reversible sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE). Some survivors experience chronic cognitive dysfunction thought to be caused by permanent brain injury. In this study, we investigated neuroaxonal pathology in sepsis. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal, prospective translational study involving (1) experimental sepsis in an animal model; (2) postmortem studies of brain from patients with sepsis; and (3) a prospective, longitudinal human sepsis cohort study at university laboratory and intensive care units (ICUs)...
October 23, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056602/protocolised-early-goal-directed-therapy-in-patients-with-sepsis-septic-shock-does-not-result-in-improved-survival-compared-with-usual-care-with-less-invasive-resuscitation-strategies
#7
REVIEW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026888/korean-shock-society-septic-shock-registry-a-preliminary-report
#8
Tae Gun Shin, Sung Yeon Hwang, Gu Hyun Kang, Won Young Kim, Seung Mok Ryoo, Kyuseok Kim, You Hwan Jo, Sung Phil Chung, Young Seon Joo, Jin Ho Beom, Sung-Hyuk Choi, Young Hoon Yoon, Woon Yong Kwon, Tae Ho Lim, Kap Su Han, Han Sung Choi, Gil Joon Suh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical characteristics, therapeutic interventions, and outcomes of patients with septic shock admitted to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: This study was a preliminary, descriptive analysis of a prospective, multi-center, observational registry of the EDs of 10 hospitals participating in the Korean Shock Society. Patients aged 19 years or older who had a suspected or confirmed infection and evidence of refractory hypotension or hypoperfusion were included...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023316/septic-shock-resuscitation-in-the-first-hour
#9
Nicholas Simpson, Francois Lamontagne, Manu Shankar-Hari
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We reviewed the recent advances in the initial approach to resuscitation of sepsis and septic shock patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Sepsis and septic shock are life-threatening emergencies. Two key interventions in the first hour include timely antibiotic therapy and resuscitation. Before any laboratory results, the need for resuscitation is considered if a patient with suspected infection has low blood pressure (BP) or impaired peripheral circulation found at clinical examination...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991047/vasopressors-do-not-influence-cerebral-critical-closing-pressure-during-systemic-inflammation-evoked-by-experimental-endotoxemia-and-sepsis-in-humans
#10
Judith Maria Dimphena van den Brule, Roeland Stolk, Elisabeth Janine Vinke, Lex Maxim van Loon, Peter Pickkers, Johannes Gerardus van der Hoeven, Matthijs Kox, Cornelia Wilhelmina Elisabeth Hoedemaekers
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different vasopressors on the cerebral vasculature during experimental human endotoxemia and sepsis. We used the critical closing pressure (CrCP) as a measure of cerebral vascular tone. METHODS: We performed a prospective pilot study, at the intensive care department (ICU) of a tertiary care university hospital in the Netherlands, in 40 healthy male subjects during experimental human endotoxemia (administration of bacterial lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) and in 10 patients with severe sepsis or septic shock...
October 4, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941540/adjunctive-steroid-therapy-for-treatment-of-pediatric-septic-shock
#11
REVIEW
Jerry J Zimmerman
Septic shock remains the major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although early sepsis recognition, fluid resuscitation, timely administration of antimicrobials, and vasoactive-inotropic drug infusions are all key to achieving good sepsis outcomes, therapy using various steroid drug classes remains an attractive adjunctive intervention to minimize the duration of septic shock and transition to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. All steroid drug classes possess biological plausibility to affect a beneficial clinical effect among children with septic shock, but none has undergone rigorous, prospective assessment in a large, high-quality pediatric interventional trial...
October 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916121/controversies-in-corticosteroid-use-for-sepsis
#12
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Severe sepsis and septic shock are potentially deadly conditions managed in the emergency department (ED). Management centers on source control, fluid resuscitation, broad-spectrum antimicrobials, and vasopressors as needed. The use of corticosteroids is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence behind corticosteroid therapy in patients with septic shock. DISCUSSION: Septic shock is associated with severe mortality and morbidity...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916120/does-early-and-appropriate-antibiotic-administration-improve-mortality-in-emergency-department-patients-with-severe-sepsis-or-septic-shock
#13
Robert Sherwin, Michael E Winters, Gary M Vilke, Gabriel Wardi
BACKGROUND: Severe sepsis and septic shock remain significant public health concerns. Appropriate emergency department management includes early recognition, hemodynamic resuscitation, source control, and prompt antibiotic administration. Current international guidelines strongly recommend administration of early and appropriate antibiotics for patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Interestingly, a recent Cochrane Review found insufficient evidence to provide a similar recommendation on antibiotic administration...
October 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914622/ce-assessing-patients-during-septic-shock-resuscitation
#14
Elizabeth Bridges
: In 2015, the Surviving Sepsis Campaign six-hour bundle was updated. The revised version now recommends documenting the reassessment of volume status and tissue perfusion after initial fluid resuscitation through a repeated focused examination. This article addresses the practice and interpretation of two components of this examination in adults: capillary refill time and skin mottling score. It further discusses how to best integrate these noninvasive parameters into the care of patients undergoing resuscitation for septic shock...
October 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856354/severity-weighting-of-postoperative-adverse-events-in-orthopedic-surgery
#15
Daniel D Bohl, Junyoung Ahn, Adam M Lukasiewicz, Andre M Samuel, Matthew L Webb, Bryce A Basques, Nicholas S Golinvaux, Kern Singh, Jonathan N Grauer
Studies of adverse events (AEs) after orthopedic surgery commonly use composite AE outcomes. An example of such an outcome is any AE. These types of outcomes treat AEs with different clinical significance (eg, death, urinary tract infection) similarly. We conducted a study to address this shortcoming in research methodology by creating a single severity-weighted outcome that can be used to characterize the overall severity of a given patient's postoperative course. All orthopedic faculty members at 2 academic institutions were invited to complete a severity-weighting exercise in which AEs were assigned a percentage severity of death...
July 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854537/prognostic-significance-of-central-venous-to-arterial-carbon-dioxide-difference-during-the-first-24-hours-of-septic-shock-in-patients-with-and-without-impaired-cardiac-function
#16
G Muller, E Mercier, P Vignon, M Henry-Lagarrigue, T Kamel, A Desachy, V Botoc, G Plantefève, J P Frat, F Bellec, J P Quenot, P F Dequin, T Boulain
Objective: To investigate the prognostic significance of central venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide difference (cv-art CO 2 gap) during septic shock in patients with and without impaired cardiac function. Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study in 10 French intensive care units. Patients suffering from septic shock were assigned to the impaired cardiac function group ('cardiac group', n =123) if they had atrial fibrillation (AF) and/or left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50% at study entry and to the non-cardiac group ( n =240) otherwise...
August 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851407/restricted-fluid-resuscitation-in-sepsis-associated-hypotension-refresh-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Stephen P J Macdonald, David McD Taylor, Gerben Keijzers, Glenn Arendts, Daniel M Fatovich, Frances B Kinnear, Simon G A Brown, Rinaldo Bellomo, Sally Burrows, John F Fraser, Edward Litton, Juan Carlos Ascencio-Lane, Matthew Anstey, David McCutcheon, Lisa Smart, Ioana Vlad, James Winearls, Bradley Wibrow
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend an initial intravenous (IV) fluid bolus of 30 ml/kg isotonic crystalloid for patients with sepsis and hypotension. However, there is a lack of evidence from clinical trials to support this. Accumulating observational data suggest harm associated with the injudicious use of fluids in sepsis. There is currently equipoise regarding liberal or restricted fluid-volume resuscitation as first-line treatment for sepsis-related hypotension. A randomised trial comparing these two approaches is, therefore, justified...
August 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790011/management-of-septic-shock-in-intermediate-care-unit
#18
Eric Meaudre, Cédric Nguyen, Claire Contargyris, Ambroise Montcriol, Erwan d'Aranda, Pierre Esnault, Mourad Bensalah, Bertrand Prunet, Julien Bordes, Philippe Goutorbe
BACKGROUND: While guidelines advocate goal-directed resuscitation based on timed bundles, the management of septic shock (SS) outside an ICU setting has been poorly studied in intermediate care units (IMCU). PATIENTS AND METHOD: We reviewed all cases of septic shock patients admitted to our IMCU between January 2013 and June 2014. The characteristics of sepsis, compliance of bundles, and outcomes were collected. The IMCU population was compared with the SS patients admitted to the ICU during the same period...
August 5, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789803/preliminary-performance-on-the-new-cms-sepsis-1-national-quality-measure-early-insights-from-the-emergency-quality-network-e-qual
#19
Arjun K Venkatesh, Todd Slesinger, Jessica Whittle, Tiffany Osborn, Emily Aaronson, Craig Rothenberg, Nalani Tarrant, Pawan Goyal, Donald M Yealy, Jeremiah D Schuur
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We describe current hospital-level performance for the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' Severe Sepsis/Septic Shock Early Management Bundle (SEP-1) quality measure and qualitatively assess emergency department (ED) sepsis quality improvement best practice implementation. METHODS: Using a standardized Web-based submission portal, we surveyed quality improvement data from volunteer hospital-based EDs participating in the Emergency Quality Network Sepsis Initiative...
August 5, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752002/changing-definitions-of-sepsis
#20
REVIEW
Fethi Gül, Mustafa Kemal Arslantaş, İsmail Cinel, Anand Kumar
Sepsis is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients despite the use of modern antibiotics and resuscitation therapies. Outcomes in sepsis have improved overall, probably because of an enhanced focus on early diagnosis and other improvements in supportive care, but mortality rates still remain unacceptably high. The diagnosis and definition of sepsis is a critical problem due to the heterogeneity of this disease process. Although it is apparent that much more needs to be done to advance our understanding, sepsis and related terms remain difficult to define...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
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