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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930783/retrospective-analysis-of-the-effect-of-hering-law-on-outcomes-of-surgical-correction-of-ptosis
#1
Er Pan, Jiangang Yu, Shengchang Zhang, Yunfei Nie, Qin Li
INTRODUCTION: Several factors may influence aesthetic outcomes of ptosis surgery, especially in patients with asymmetrical ptosis. We retrospectively assessed the effect of Hering law on surgical outcomes of patients with asymmetrical ptosis. METHODS: Patients with mild to moderate asymmetrical ptosis (N = 300) who underwent advancement or plication of upper eyelid aponeurosis between January 2014 and July 2016 were enrolled. Fifty patients (group A) underwent surgery without taking into consideration the impact of Hering law...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925727/the-effect-of-person-order-on-egress-time-a-simulation-model-of-evacuation-from-a-neolithic-visitor-attraction
#2
Arthur Stewart, Eyad Elyan, John Isaacs, Leah McEwen, Lyn Wilson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to model the egress of visitors from a Neolithic visitor attraction. BACKGROUND: Tourism attracts increasing numbers of elderly and mobility-impaired visitors to our built-environment heritage sites. Some such sites have very limited and awkward access, were not designed for mass visitation, and may not be modifiable to facilitate disabled access. As a result, emergency evacuation planning must take cognizance of robust information, and in this study we aimed to establish the effect of visitor position on egress...
September 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913381/is-it-fractured-or-broken-a-patient-survey-study-to-assess-injury-comprehension-after-orthopaedic-trauma
#3
Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini, Matthew D Riedel, Tyler Gonzalez, Poopak Hafezi, John Y Kwon
BACKGROUND: Patients who sustain orthopaedic trauma in the form of fractures commonly ask treating providers whether the bone is "fractured" or "broken". While orthopaedic surgeons consider these terms synonymous, patients appear to comprehend the terms as having different meanings. Given the commonality of this frequently posed question, it may be important for providers to assess patients' level of understanding in order to provide optimal care. The purpose of this study is to evaluate patients' comprehension and understanding regarding the use of the terms fractured and broken...
July 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912980/sporotrichoid-like-spread-of-cutaneous-mycobacterium-chelonae-in-an-immunocompromised-patient
#4
Daria Marley Kemp, Anusha G Govind, Jun Kang, Caroline C Brugger, Young C Kauh
Mycobacterium chelonae is a rapidly growing mycobacterium found in water and soil that can cause local cutaneous infections in immunocompetent hosts but more frequently affects immunocompromised patients. Typically, patients will present with painful subcutaneous nodules of the joints or soft tissues from traumatic inoculation. However, exhibiting a sporotrichoid-like pattern of these nodules is uncommon. Herein, we report a case of sporotrichoid-like distribution of cutaneous Mycobacterium chelonae in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus on significant immunosuppressive medications...
2017: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893086/older-african-american-homeless-experienced-smokers-attitudes-toward-tobacco-control-policies-results-from-the-hope-home-study
#5
Maya Vijayaraghavan, Pamela Olsen, John Weeks, Karma McKelvey, Claudia Ponath, Margot Kushel
PURPOSE: To examine attitudes toward tobacco control policies among older African American homeless-experienced smokers. APPROACH: A qualitative study. SETTING: Oakland, California. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two African American older homeless-experienced smokers who were part of a longitudinal study on health and health-related outcomes (Health Outcomes of People Experiencing Homelessness in Older Middle Age Study). METHOD: We conducted in-depth, semistructured interviews with each participant to explore beliefs and attitudes toward tobacco use and cessation, barriers to smoking cessation, and attitudes toward current tobacco control strategies including raising cigarette prices, smoke-free policies, and graphic warning labels...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886824/sport-concussion-and-the-female-athlete
#6
REVIEW
Jacob E Resch, Amanda Rach, Samuel Walton, Donna K Broshek
Sport concussion (SC) has emerged as a major health concern in the medical community and general public owing to increased research and media attention, which has primarily focused on male athletes. Female athletes have an equal, if not increased, susceptibility to SC. An ever-growing body of research continues to compare male and female athletes in terms of SC before and after an injury. Clinicians must be cognizant of this literature to make evidence-based clinical decision when providing care to female athletes and discern between dated and/or unsupported claims in terms of SC...
October 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876637/the-level-of-breast-and-cervical-cancer-awareness-among-women-in-a-rural-area-of-south-africa
#7
O Zeitoun, N Shemesh
BACKGROUND: In South Africa breast and cervical cancer are the most predominant cancers amongst women, with mortality rates reaching surprising proportions. As a result of the continued rise of these conditions it is vital to determine these women's awareness of both, so as to determine the exact factors contributing to this rise. Whilst both urban and rural areas are afflicted, this study focused primarily on women in a rural area. METHOD: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in a shopping mall located in the rural area of Bushbuckridge, Mpumalanga, South Africa...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859705/immunoglobulin-g4-sinusitis-in-association-with-aspirin-exacerbated-respiratory-disease
#8
Kirti Johal, Kevin Welch, Anju Peters
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) related disease is a systemic inflammatory disease characterized by tumor-like tissue infiltration with IgG4 positive (IgG4+) plasma cells. Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is defined as asthma, chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis, and hypersensitivity to cyclooxygenase-1 inhibitors. OBJECTIVE: We described a case of a non-smoking 61-year-old male with prior NSAID sensitivity who presented with a 1-year history of left eye proptosis associated with chronic nasal symptoms, ultimately identified as concurrent AERD and IgG4 sinusitis...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855792/addressing-neurodynamic-irritability-in-a-patient-with-adhesive-capsulitis-a-case-report
#9
Kevin Farrell, Katherine Lampe
BACKGROUND: Patients with adhesive capsulitis are commonly seen by physical therapists. Pain and limited shoulder motion from adhesive capsulitis have at times been linked to neural irritation. The purpose of this case is to describe the examination and intervention of a patient with adhesive capsulitis who appeared to have a coexisting, underlying neural irritation. This paper emphasizes how the neurological component must initially be identified and addressed for a successful outcome...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843342/readability-of-online-materials-for-dupuytren-s-contracture
#10
Pauline Joy F Santos, David A Daar, Austin Badeau, Amber Leis
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive. BACKGROUND: Dupuytren's contracture is a common disorder involving fibrosis of the palmar fascia. As patients are increasingly using online materials to gather health care information, it is imperative to assess the readability and appropriateness of this content. The recommended grade level for patient educational materials is seventh to eighth grade according to the National Institutes of Health. This study aims to assess the readability and content of online patient resources for Dupuytren's contracture...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842108/percutaneous-ultrasonic-tenotomy-for-achilles-tendinopathy-is-a-surgical-procedure-with-similar-complications
#11
Patrick J Sanchez, John F Grady, Amol Saxena
Percutaneous ultrasonic tenotomy is a relatively new treatment option for multiple types of tendinopathy. However, a paucity of high-level data is available on its use for chronic Achilles tendinosis. The present case series details the complications associated with the use of this technique. When considering percutaneous ultrasonic tenotomy, the surgeon should be cognizant that it is a surgical procedure with complications similar to those of other Achilles tendon surgeries.
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839121/dietary-supplement-drug-interaction-induced-serotonin-syndrome-progressing-to-acute-compartment-syndrome
#12
Yesha A Patel, Nino Marzella
BACKGROUND Dietary supplements have been associated with an increase in emergency intervention as a result of unexpected adverse events. Limited resources and information on significant drug-drug interactions with dietary supplements and prescription medications have contributed to associated complications and unexpected events. We present the case of a patient who consumed multiple prescription medications and dietary supplements which resulted in significant complications. CASE REPORT A 28-year-old man presented to the Emergency Department complaining of severe calf pain after exercising...
August 25, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829240/women-s-perceptions-of-reasons-for-maternal-deaths-implications-for-policies-and-programs-for-preventing-maternal-deaths-in-low-income-countries
#13
Friday Okonofua, Lorretta Ntoimo, Rosemary Nkem Ogu
We investigated perceptions of the causes of maternal mortality by women attending referral hospitals in Nigeria. Focus group discussions were conducted with various categories of women. Our results showed that women were aware of the medical causes of mortality, although a few listed divine reasons. Delays in reaching hospitals or after women arrive in hospitals featured prominently as lead causes mentioned by women. Listening to women as end-users is an important approach to identify points of remediation in the provision of maternal health care...
August 22, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826944/a-roadmap-for-acute-care-training-of-frontline-healthcare-workers-in-lmics
#14
Nirupa Shah, Satish Bhagwanjee, Janet Diaz, P D Gopalan, John Adabie Appiah
This 10-step roadmap outlines explicit procedures for developing, implementing and evaluating short focused training programs for acute care in low and middle income countries (LMICs). A roadmap is necessary to develop resilient training programs that achieve equivalent outcomes despite regional variability in human capacity and infrastructure. Programs based on the roadmap should address shortfalls in human capacity and access to care in the short term and establish the ground work for health systems strengthening in the long term...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826544/cannabis-pharmacology-the-usual-suspects-and-a-few-promising-leads
#15
Ethan B Russo, Jahan Marcu
The golden age of cannabis pharmacology began in the 1960s as Raphael Mechoulam and his colleagues in Israel isolated and synthesized cannabidiol, tetrahydrocannabinol, and other phytocannabinoids. Initially, THC garnered most research interest with sporadic attention to cannabidiol, which has only rekindled in the last 15 years through a demonstration of its remarkably versatile pharmacology and synergy with THC. Gradually a cognizance of the potential of other phytocannabinoids has developed. Contemporaneous assessment of cannabis pharmacology must be even far more inclusive...
2017: Advances in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821288/health-promotion-via-sms-improves-hypertension-knowledge-for-deaf-south-africans
#16
Hanne Jensen Haricharan, Marion Heap, Damian Hacking, Yan Kwan Lau
BACKGROUND: Signing Deaf South Africans have limited access to health information. As a result, their knowledge about health is limited. Cell phone usage in South Africa is high. This study aimed to assess whether a short message service (SMS)-based health promotion campaign could improve Deaf people's knowledge of hypertension and healthy living. Additionally, the study aimed to assess the acceptability of using SMSs for health promotion targeting Deaf people. METHODS: A baseline questionnaire assessed participants' knowledge about hypertension before an SMS-based information campaign was conducted...
August 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811738/predictors-of-retention-among-african-americans-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-test-the-healthy-eating-and-active-living-in-the-spirit-heals-intervention
#17
Oluwole A Babatunde, Swann Arp Adams, Michael D Wirth, Jan M Eberth, Jameson Sofge, Seul Ki Choi, Brook E Harmon, Lisa Davis, Ruby Drayton, Thomas G Hurley, Heather M Brandt, Cheryl A Armstead, James R Hébert
INTRODUCTION: Retention of racial/ethnic minority groups into research trials is necessary to fully understand and address health disparities. This study was conducted to identify participants' characteristics associated with retention of African Americans (AAs) in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a behavioral intervention. METHODS: Using data from an RCT conducted from 2009 to 2012 among AAs, participant-level factors were examined for associations with retention between three measurement points (ie, baseline, 3-month, and 12-month)...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807841/racial-disparity-in-gastrointestinal-cancer-risk
#18
REVIEW
Hassan Ashktorab, Sonia S Kupfer, Hassan Brim, John M Carethers
Cancer from the gastrointestinal tract and its associated excretory organs will occur in more than 300,000 Americans in 2017, with colorectal cancer responsible for >40% of that burden; there will be more than 150,000 deaths from this group of cancers in the same time period. Disparities among subgroups related to the incidence and mortality of these cancers exist. The epidemiology and risk factors associated with each cancer bear out differences for racial groups in the United States. Esophageal adenocarcinoma is more frequent in non-Hispanic whites, whereas esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with risk factors of tobacco and alcohol is more frequent among blacks...
August 12, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805942/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-following-abnormally-invasive-placenta-a-population-based-record-linkage-study
#19
Heather J Baldwin, Jillian A Patterson, Tanya A Nippita, Siranda Torvaldsen, Ibinabo Ibiebele, Judy M Simpson, Jane B Ford
INTRODUCTION: Abnormally invasive placenta involves abnormal adherence of the placenta to the myometrium and is associated with severe pregnancy complications such as blood transfusion and hysterectomy. Knowledge of outcomes has been limited by small sample sizes and a focus on maternal rather than neonatal outcomes. This study uses population-level data collected over 10 years to investigate maternal and neonatal outcomes and trends in incidence of abnormally invasive placenta (also known as placenta accreta, increta and percreta)...
August 14, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805139/mental-representation-of-fractions-it-all-depends-on-whether-they-are-common-or-uncommon
#20
Fuchang Liu
This study examined whether common and uncommon fractions are mentally represented differently and whether common ones are used in accessing the magnitudes of uncommon ones. In Experiments 1 and 2, college education majors, most of whom were female, Caucasian, and in their early 20s, made comparisons involving common and uncommon fractions. In Experiment 3, participants were presented with comparison tasks involving uncommon fractions and asked to describe the strategies which they used in making such comparisons...
August 13, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
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