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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240929/self-relevance-prioritizes-access-to-visual-awareness
#1
C Neil Macrae, Aleksandar Visokomogilski, Marius Golubickis, William A Cunningham, Arash Sahraie
As we are cognizant of only a fraction of the available visual inputs at any given time, how is information selected for access to consciousness? In particular, does the personal significance of stimuli influence perceptual selection? Given that self-relevant information is prioritized during various stages of processing, here we hypothesized that self-association may privilege access to awareness under continuous flash suppression (CFS). The results supported this prediction. Compared with geometric shapes referenced to either a friend or stranger, those previously associated with self were prioritized in visual awareness...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239208/exploring-the-dimensionality-of-morphological-knowledge-for-adolescent-readers
#2
Amanda P Goodwin, Yaacov Petscher, Joanne F Carlisle, Alison M Mitchell
This study examined the dimensionality of morphological knowledge. The performance of 371 seventh- and eighth-graders on seven morphological knowledge tasks was investigated using confirmatory factor analysis. Results suggested that morphological knowledge was best fit by a bifactor model with a general factor of morphological knowledge and seven specific factors, representing tasks that tap different facets of morphological knowledge. Next, structural equation modelling was used to explore links to literacy outcomes...
February 2017: Journal of Research in Reading
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231373/auricular-complications-in-parotid-temporal-bone-infratemporal-fossa-and-lateral-skull-base-surgery
#3
Patrick S Carpenter, Ryan C Burgette, John P Leonetti, Sam J Marzo
Neoplasms located in the parotid region, temporal bone, infratemporal fossa, and lateral skull base represent a challenge due to their difficult anatomic location and surrounding neurovascular structures. A variety of surgical approaches are appropriate to access this area, although several of them can place the auricular blood supply in danger. If the auricular blood supply is compromised, ischemia and, eventually, avascular necrosis of the auricle can occur. Auricular necrosis often can cause patients a delay in adjuvant radiation therapy and result in the need for additional reconstructive procedures...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225767/interferon-%C3%AE-1a-for-the-treatment-of-ebola-virus-disease-a-historically-controlled-single-arm-proof-of-concept-trial
#4
Mandy Kader Konde, Darren P Baker, Fode Amara Traore, Mamadou Saliou Sow, Alioune Camara, Alpha Amadou Barry, Doussou Mara, Abdoulaye Barry, Moussa Cone, Ibrahima Kaba, Amento Ablam Richard, Abdoul Habib Beavogui, Stephan Günther, Melania Pintilie, Eleanor N Fish
To date there are no approved antiviral drugs for the treatment of Ebola virus disease (EVD). Based on our in vitro evidence of antiviral activity of interferon (IFN)-ß activity against Ebola virus, we conducted a single arm clinical study in Guinea to evaluate the safety and therapeutic efficacy of IFN β-1a treatment for EVD. Nine individuals infected with Ebola virus were treated with IFN β-1a and compared retrospectively with a matched cohort of 21 infected patients receiving standardized supportive care only during the same time period at the same treatment unit...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214353/association-of-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-and-chronic-rhinosinusitis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
S R Leason, H P Barham, G Oakley, J Rimmer, J M DelGaudio, J M Christensen, R Sacks, R J Harvey
INTRODUCTION: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) has been implicated in the development of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). The association of GORD with CRS is systematically assessed from the medical literature. METHODOLOGY: Embase and MEDLINE were searched using a comprehensive strategy limited to English language and Human subjects. Any study with original data on the experimental, diagnostic, treatment or prognostic association of CRS with GORD was included...
February 18, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207176/detecting-state-changes-for-ecosystem-conservation-with-long-term-monitoring-of-species-composition
#6
T J Mason, D A Keith, A D Letten
Effective conservation requires an understanding not only of contemporary vegetation distributions in the landscape, but also cognizance of vegetation transitions over time with the goal of maintaining persistence of all states within the landscape. Using a state and transition model framework, we investigated temporal transitions over 31 years in species composition among five upland swamp vegetation communities in southeastern Australia. We applied fuzzy clustering to document transitions across communities; evaluated the resilience and resistance of communities to change; and explored the relationship between ecosystem states and major environmental factors posited to structure the system...
October 4, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203055/resident-surgeon-efficiency-in-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery
#7
Andrew C Pittner, Brian R Sullivan
PURPOSE: Comparison of resident surgeon performance efficiencies in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) versus conventional phacoemulsification. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on consecutive patients undergoing phacoemulsification cataract surgery performed by senior ophthalmology residents under the supervision of 1 attending physician during a 9-month period in a large Veterans Affairs medical center. Medical records were reviewed for demographic information, preoperative nucleus grade, femtosecond laser pretreatment, operative procedure times, total operating room times, and surgical complications...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169116/utilization-and-effectiveness-of-desmopressin-acetate-after-cardiac-surgery-supplemented-with-point-of-care-hemostatic-testing-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#8
David Orlov, Stuart A McCluskey, Jeannie Callum, Vivek Rao, Jacobo Moreno, Keyvan Karkouti
OBJECTIVES: To explore the utilization pattern and hemostatic effectiveness of desmopressin acetate (DDAVP) supplemented with point-of-care (POC) hemostatic testing in contemporary cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. SETTING: Single quaternary care university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 2,468 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgery-1,237 before and 1,231 after the introduction of POC testing...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167588/prevalence-of-staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-carriage-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-and-uninfected-children-in-botswana-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#9
Michael J A Reid, Rebecca S B Fischer, Naledi Mannathoko, Charles Muthoga, Erin McHugh, Heather Essigmann, Eric L Brown, Andrew P Steenhoff
Staphylococcus aureus is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). A major risk factor for staphylococcal infection is S. aureus colonization of the anterior nares. We sought to define risk factors for S. aureus carriage and characterize antimicrobial resistance patterns in children in Botswana. A cross-sectional study was conducted at two clinical sites in southern Botswana. Patients under 18 years of age underwent two nasal swabs and brief interviews, 4 weeks apart...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160891/reassessing-unintended-pregnancy-toward-a-patient-centered-approach-to-family-planning
#10
REVIEW
Jessica E Morse, Shanthi Ramesh, Andrea Jackson
Underserved women, especially those with low incomes and from racial and ethnic minorities, experience a disproportionate share of unintended pregnancies in the United States. Although unintended pregnancy rates are general markers of women's health and status, they may not accurately capture women's experiences of these pregnancies or their social circumstances. A patient-centered approach to family planning optimizes women's reproductive preferences, is cognizant of historical harms and current disparities, and may more comprehensively address the issue of unintended pregnancy...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157789/thyroid-crisis-in-a-patient-with-burn-injury
#11
Chrysis Sofianos, Dean P Redant, Ramazani A Muganza, Rachel L Moore, Danielle S Ferrar
Thyroid crisis is an exacerbation of hyperthyroidism that results in severe systemic disturbances and could be fatal. Similarly, severe burn injury also has a hypermetabolic response as part of its presentation. When these two conditions are present concurrently, one must be cognizant that the patient requires urgent optimization of their hyperthyroid status before surgery, and continuous monitoring in an intensive care unit setting. We offer a systematic approach to managing these patients.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157746/prevention-and-management-of-poststroke-complications
#12
Josephine F Huang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides a synopsis of the immediate and delayed medical complications of stroke, with an emphasis on prevention and management of these complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Meta-analysis of the trials for endovascular treatment of acute stroke shows no significant increase in hemorrhagic events. Rehabilitation guidelines published by the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association in 2016 aid in providing the best clinical practice for patients with stroke, from the time of their initial hospitalization to their return to the community...
February 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153937/beliefs-and-attitudes-to-bowel-cancer-screening-in-patients-with-ckd-a-semistructured-interview-study
#13
Laura J James, Germaine Wong, Jonathan C Craig, Angela Ju, Narelle Williams, Wai H Lim, Nicholas Cross, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bowel cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death in people with CKD. Shared decision making regarding cancer screening is particularly complex in CKD and requires an understanding of patients' values and priorities, which remain largely unknown. Our study aimed to describe the beliefs and attitudes to bowel cancer screening in patients with CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Face to face, semistructured interviews were conducted from April of 2014 to December of 2015 with 38 participants ages 39-78 years old with CKD stages 3-5, on dialysis, or transplant recipients from four renal units in Australia and New Zealand...
February 2, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153576/professional-social-networking-in-radiology-who-is-there-and-what-are-they-doing
#14
Sumir S Patel, C Matthew Hawkins, James V Rawson, Jenny K Hoang
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Although it is perceived that the use of social media professionally is increasing among radiologists, little is known about the habits and demographics of this subspecialty. This study aims to compare radiologists who use social networking for professional purposes to those who do not with regard to their characteristics, habits, and attitudes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiologists were invited by e-mail and through posts on social networks to participate in a survey on the use of social media platforms...
January 30, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152864/use-of-an-automated-notification-tool-to-drive-real-time-patient-symptom-intervention
#15
Brandon Bosch, Diane Denny, Maurie Markman
: 160 Background: Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Inc. (CTCA) is a national network of hospitals that specialize in the treatment of patients fighting complex or advanced-stage cancer. The Symptom Inventory Tool (SIT) is an assessment tool that captures the patients' perceived symptom burden for real-time clinical intervention, from baseline and every 21 days thereafter. The SIT is comprised of questions utilizing the M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory tool, a validated assessment instrument with questions added and a free text box by CTCA...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152698/assessing-patient-experience-in-an-outpatient-multidisciplinary-clinic-setting
#16
Scott Hartman
: 224 Background: Cancer Treatment Centers of America (CTCA), a national network of five hospitals, implemented a new survey instrument and methodology to gather patient experience data in the outpatient setting. While borrowing many questions from its vendors' client base, the network also added questions considered pivotal to understanding the critical dimensions of care deemed most relevant to the oncology patient. Surveying includes 100% of all patients first contacted via the U.S...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150967/note-on-history-of-psychology-in-india-problems-and-prospects
#17
Chetan Sinha, Shayna Fox Lee
Discusses the indigenization movement of psychology in India, which attempts to develop a context sensitive discipline that can understand the concept of mind and human behavior from the cultural perspective. It emphasizes the culturally bound aspects of human nature and uses methods to explore the ways in which culture emerges from history. Given the directions of scientific research, it is not absurd to engage with Western theories. Nevertheless, some Indian psychologists have resisted what they consider the intrusion of modern psychology...
February 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144097/cognizance-and-utilization-about-breast-cancer-screening-among-the-health-professional-female-students-and-staffs-of-university-kuala-lumpur-royal-college-of-medicine-perak-malaysia
#18
A T M Emdadul Haque, Muhammad Afif Bin Mohd Hisham, Noor Azwa Laili Binti Ahmad Adzman, Nur Atiqah Binti Azudin, Nursakinah Binti Shafri, Mainul Haque
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) is a major life-threatening problem and a global concern including Malaysia. BC is an equal threat for both developing and developed countries. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between sociodemographic factors with knowledge, attitude, and perception on BC screening among the females of University Kuala Lumpur, Royal College of Medicine Perak (UniKL RCMP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 2015 to 2016...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114415/managing-neonatal-and-early-childhood-syndromic-sepsis-in-sub-district-hospitals-in-resource-poor-settings-improvement-in-quality-of-care-through-introduction-of-a-package-of-interventions-in-rural-bangladesh
#19
Ahmed Ehsanur Rahman, Afrin Iqbal, D M Emdadul Hoque, Md Moinuddin, Sojib Bin Zaman, Qazi Sadeq-Ur Rahman, Tahmina Begum, Atique Iqbal Chowdhury, Rafiqul Haider, Shams El Arifeen, Niranjan Kissoon, Charles P Larson
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is dysregulated systemic inflammatory response which can lead to tissue damage, organ failure, and death. With an estimated 30 million cases per year, it is a global public health concern. Severe infections leading to sepsis account for more than half of all under five deaths and around one quarter of all neonatal deaths annually. Most of these deaths occur in low and middle income countries and could be averted by rapid assessment and appropriate treatment. Evidence suggests that service provision and quality of care pertaining to sepsis management in resource poor settings can be improved significantly with minimum resource allocation and investments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112991/cancer-risk-information-sharing-the-experience-of-individuals-receiving-genetic-counseling-for-brca1-2-mutations
#20
Ishveen Chopra, Kimberly M Kelly
Genetic counseling and testing for familial cancer is a unique context for the communication of risk information in the family. This study utilized a theoretical framework based on the family systems perspective to understand intrafamilial cancer risk communication patterns in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. Individuals (n = 120) at an elevated risk for BRCA1/2 mutations were included. Change in communication patterns over time was assessed using McNemar tests. Associations with communication patterns were assessed with multivariable logistic regression...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
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