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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774266/reforming-birth-registration-law-in-england-and-wales
#1
Julie McCandless
The Law Commission of England and Wales is considering what its 13th Programme of Law Reform should address. During the consultation process, a project on birth registration law has been mooted. This is a very welcome proposal given that civil birth registration in England and Wales is a compulsory procedure that not only finds its roots in the early Victorian era, but also remains very similar, at least in terms of form and the information that is recorded. I first use two recent legal challenges to illustrate why the current system is coming under increasing pressure...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762047/imaging-of-suspected-pulmonary-embolism-and-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-obese-patients
#2
Vincent Cascio, Man Hon, Linda B Haramati, Animesh Gour, Peter Spiegler, Sanjeev Bhalla, Douglas Katz
Obesity is a growing problem around the world, and radiology departments frequently encounter difficulties related to large patient size. Diagnosis and management of suspected venous thromboembolism, in particular deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), are challenging even in some lean patients, and can become even more complicated in the setting of obesity. Many obstacles must be overcome to obtain imaging examinations in obese patients with suspected PE and/or DVT, and to ensure that these examinations are of sufficient quality to diagnose or exclude thromboembolic disease, or to establish an alternative diagnosis...
May 15, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760835/cutaneous-mucormycosis-following-a-bullous-pemphigoid-flare-in-a-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-patient-on-ibrutinib
#3
Matthew K Stein, Saradasri Karri, Jackson Reynolds, Jeff Owsley, Austin Wise, Mike G Martin, Fereshteh Zare
While the recent development of novel therapeutics in oncology, such as small molecule kinase inhibitors (SMKIs), has enabled our ability to target disease-specific molecular pathways, the prolonged impact of these agents on the immune system and infectious risk remains to be seen. We present a 68-year-old male with refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) on ibrutinib monotherapy for 3 years who developed extensive cutaneous mucormycosis following a severe bullous pemphigoid (BP) flare. He received amphotericin B for 4 weeks and was continued on posaconazole with resolution of his mucormycosis infection...
April 2018: World Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745758/evaluation-of-heating-conditions-for-inactivation-of-hepatitis-e-virus-genotypes-3-and-4
#4
Toshifumi Imagawa, Ryuichi Sugiyama, Tomoyuki Shiota, Tian-Cheng Li, Sayaka Yoshizaki, Takaji Wakita, Koji Ishii
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a causative agent of acute hepatitis throughout the world. HEV genotypes 1 through 4 infect humans, whereas genotypes 3 and 4 (Gt3 and Gt4) also infect other animals. In developed countries, the main HEV infection route is by foodborne transmission, resulting from the consumption of undercooked meat. It is important to know the criteria for HEV control in daily cooking. In this study, we assessed the heat conditions required to inactivate HEV Gt3 and Gt4 in culture supernatants and spiked minced pork meat...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742745/validity-and-reliability-of-a-wearable-inertial-sensor-to-measure-velocity-and-power-in-the-back-squat-and-bench-press
#5
Samuel T Orange, James W Metcalfe, Andreas Liefeith, Phil Marshall, Leigh A Madden, Connor R Fewster, Rebecca V Vince
Orange, ST, Metcalfe, JW, Liefeith, A, Marshall, P, Madden, LA, Fewster, CR, and Vince, RV. Validity and reliability of a wearable inertial sensor to measure velocity and power in the back squat and bench press. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-This study examined the validity and reliability of a wearable inertial sensor to measure velocity and power in the free-weight back squat and bench press. Twenty-nine youth rugby league players (18 ± 1 years) completed 2 test-retest sessions for the back squat followed by 2 test-retest sessions for the bench press...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734445/a-multicenter-analysis-examining-patients-undergoing-conversion-of-implant-based-breast-reconstruction-to-abdominally-based-free-tissue-transfer
#6
Ruya Zhao, Bao Ngoc N Tran, Andres F Doval, Gloria Broadwater, Kate J Buretta, Jonah P Orr, Bernard T Lee, Scott T Hollenbeck
BACKGROUND:  Breast implant placement is the most common method for postmastectomy reconstruction. For patients who develop complications associated with implant-based reconstruction, additional surgeries may be challenging. This study examined implant-based reconstruction failure in patients undergoing salvage with abdominal free tissue transfer. METHODS:  We conducted an Institutional Review Board approved, multicenter retrospective study of patients with implant-based primary breast reconstruction followed by implant removal and subsequent abdominal free tissue transfer between 2006 and 2016...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733510/contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-rate-and-predictive-factors-among-patients-with-breast-cancer-who-underwent-multigene-panel-testing-for-hereditary-cancer
#7
Nisreen Elsayegh, Rachel D Webster, Angelica M Gutierrez Barrera, Heather Lin, Henry M Kuerer, Jennifer K Litton, Isabelle Bedrosian, Banu K Arun
Although multigene panel testing is increasingly common in patients with cancer, the relationship between its use among breast cancer patients with non-BRCA mutations or variants of uncertain significance (VUS) and disease management decisions has not been well described. This study evaluated the rate and predictive factors of CPM patients who underwent multigene panel testing. Three hundred and fourteen patients with breast cancer who underwent multigene panel testing between 2014 and 2017 were included in the analysis...
May 7, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733233/meth-mouth-white-trash-and-the-pseudo-racialization-of-methamphetamine-use-in-the-u-s
#8
Jeffery Chaichana Peterson, Aline Gubrium, Alice Fiddian-Green
Drug scares have historically been created for a range of purposes and with a variety of effects in the United States. Moral panics evoked by these drug scares either support or challenge dominant American ideas about race, economics, and society. In the present study, we examined newspaper accounts of methamphetamine use in the Inland Pacific Northwest of the United States in an effort to understand how the "reality" of the "meth epidemic" is socially constructed in a "meth hotspot," and reflect upon the ways that the discourse of Whiteness intersects with this construction...
May 7, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724409/the-use-of-solicited-publishing-by-academic-surgeons
#9
Vi Nguyen, Rebecca A Marmor, Sonia L Ramamoorthy, Todd W Costantini, Joel M Baumgartner, Jennifer Berumen, Garth R Jacobsen, Jason K Sicklick
BACKGROUND: Few details are known about open-access surgery journals that solicit manuscripts via E-mail. The objectives of this cross-sectional study are to compare solicitant surgery journals with established journals and to characterize the academic credentials and reasons for publication of their authorship. METHODS: We identified publishers who contacted the senior author and compared their surgery journals with 10 top-tier surgical journals and open-access medical journals...
April 30, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697523/stigmatization-of-overweight-and-obese-women-during-forensic-examinations
#10
Karis M Davis, L Kathleen Sekula
Stigma and discrimination toward overweight and obese people pose consequences to their psychological and physical health. In the United States, overweight and obesity and affects over 34% of the population. This frequently ignored public health issue often sees overweight and obese individuals blamed for their weight, thereby justifying the bias. During a post-sexual-assault examination, sexual assault nurse examiners and other forensic examiners must be cognizant of the specific issues and challenges related to the care of these victims...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697150/components-of-responsibility-in-estimating-relative-value-units-how-do-dentists-value-their-work
#11
D S Brennan, X Ju, D N Teusner
OBJECTIVES: Responsibility weights can translate services into a common scale of work effort (relative value units). The aims were to describe the responsibility weights for main areas of dental services and assess associations of ratings of the importance of the components of responsibility with responsibility weights. METHODS: Mailed questionnaires were used to collect responsibility weights and components of responsibility from a random sample of Australian dentists who were randomly assigned into panels...
April 26, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696426/cancer-cost-communication-experiences-and-preferences-of-patients-caregivers-and-oncologists-a-nationwide-triad-study
#12
So Young Kim, Dong Wook Shin, Boyoung Park, Juhee Cho, Jae Hwan Oh, Sun Seog Kweon, Hye Sook Han, Hyung Kook Yang, Keeho Park, Jong-Hyock Park
PURPOSE: We assessed cost communication between cancer patients, caregivers, and oncologists and identified factors associated with communication concordance. METHODS: A national, multicenter, cross-sectional survey of patient-caregiver-oncologist triads was performed, and 725 patient-caregiver pairs, recruited by 134 oncologists in 13 cancer centers, were studied. Discordance in preferences and experiences regarding cost communication between patients, caregivers, and oncologists were assessed...
April 25, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692540/sonographic-features-of-invasive-ductal-breast-carcinomas-predictive-of-malignancy-grade
#13
Kanika Gupta, Meenakshisundaram Kumaresan, Bhuvaneswari Venkatesan, Tushar Chandra, Aruna Patil, Maya Menon
Context: Assessment of individual sonographic features provides vital clues about the biological behavior of breast masses and can assist in determining histological grade of malignancy and thereby prognosis. Aims: Assessment of individual sonographic features of biopsy proven invasive ductal breast carcinomas as predictors of malignancy grade. Settings and Design: A retrospective analysis of sonographic findings of 103 biopsy proven invasive ductal breast carcinomas...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691969/obesity-and-the-food-system-transformation-in-latin-america
#14
REVIEW
B M Popkin, T Reardon
The Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region faces a major diet-related health problem accompanied by enormous economic and social costs. The shifts in diet are profound: major shifts in intake of less-healthful low-nutrient-density foods and sugary beverages, changes in away-from-home eating and snacking and rapid shifts towards very high levels of overweight and obesity among all ages along with, in some countries, high burdens of stunting. Diet changes have occurred in parallel to, and in two-way causality with, changes in the broad food system - the set of supply chains from farms, through midstream segments of processing, wholesale and logistics, to downstream segments of retail and food service (restaurants and fast food chains)...
April 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685360/incidental-lad-stenosis-identified-on-non-gated-chest-cta
#15
Nicholas Chan, Brian M Yuen, Ji Yang, Stuart L Cohen, Loukas Boutis, John N Makaryus
A 57-year-old male former smoker presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with blurry vision, headache, and generalized weakness. He was hypoxic on room air and ECG showed sinus tachycardia. A CT pulmonary angiogram was ordered in the ED and revealed no pulmonary embolism but incidentally noted a likely significant stenosis in the proximal LAD. Subsequent cardiac catheterization revealed a 90% stenotic lesion with percutaneous coronary intervention leading to symptom resolution. Unlike coronary CTA, CTPA is performed with non-ECG gated helical scanning and generates motion artifacts associated with myocardial contraction...
April 14, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681173/consensus-statement-on-use-of-continuous-subcutaneous-insulin-infusion-therapy-in-the-hospital
#16
Bithika Thompson, Mary Korytkowski, David C Klonoff, Curtiss B Cook
In May 2017, the Diabetes Technology Society convened a panel of US experts on inpatient diabetes management to discuss the current and potential role of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) therapy in the hospital. The panel (1) discussed evidence for current use of CSII in the hospital, (2) recommended contraindications for use in the hospital, and (3) recommended guidelines to maximize chances for safe use of CSII in the hospital. Panel members agreed that larger, prospective, randomized studies are needed to evaluate safety and efficacy of CSII use in the hospital...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679968/effectively-parameterizing-dissipative-particle-dynamics-using-cosmo-sac-a-partition-coefficient-study
#17
Jonathan Saathoff
Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD) provides a tool for studying phase behavior and interfacial phenomena for complex mixtures and macromolecules. Methods to quickly and automatically parameterize DPD greatly increase its effectiveness. One such method is to map predicted activity coefficients derived from COSMO-SAC onto DPD parameter sets. However, there are serious limitations to the accuracy of this mapping, including the inability of single DPD beads to reproduce asymmetric infinite dilution activity coefficients, the loss of precision when reusing parameters for different molecular fragments, and the error due to bonding beads together...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674013/the-tipping-point-key-oncologic-imaging-findings-resulting-in-critical-changes-in-the-management-of-malignant-tumors-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#18
REVIEW
Jonathan Wu, Lipika Goyal, Ryan Nipp, Jennifer Wo, Motaz Qadan, Raul N Uppot
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review tumor staging systems for gastrointestinal tumors including pancreatic adenocarcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, gastric adenocarcinoma, small bowel adenocarcinoma, rectal carcinoma, and anal carcinoma and identify the key imaging findings ("tipping points"), which change patient management based on changes in tumor staging. CONCLUSION: For all malignant gastrointestinal tumors, there are key imaging findings ("tipping points") including tumor size, tumor extension, lymphadenopathy, vascular invasion, and distant metastasis that dictate patient management and prognosis, based on changes in tumor stage...
January 31, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672135/influences-of-mental-illness-current-psychological-state-and-concussion-history-on-baseline-concussion-assessment-performance
#19
Michelle L Weber, John-Henry L Dean, Nicole L Hoffman, Steven P Broglio, Michael McCrea, Thomas W McAllister, Julianne D Schmidt, April Reed Hoy, Joseph B Hazzard, Louise A Kelly, Justus D Ortega, Nicholas Port, Margot Putukian, T Dianne Langford, Ryan Tierney, Darren E Campbell, Gerald McGinty, Patrick O'Donnell, Steven J Svoboda, John P DiFiori, Christopher C Giza, Holly J Benjamin, Thomas Buckley, Thomas W Kaminski, James R Clugston, Luis A Feigenbaum, James T Eckner, Kevin Guskiewicz, Jason P Mihalik, Jessica Dysart Miles, Scott Anderson, Christina L Master, Micky Collins, Anthony P Kontos, Jeffrey J Bazarian, Sara P D Chrisman, Allison Brooks, Stefan Duma, Christopher Todd Bullers, Christopher M Miles, Brian H Dykhuizen
BACKGROUND: A student-athlete's mental state, including history of trait anxiety and depression, or current psychological state may affect baseline concussion assessment performance. PURPOSE: (1) To determine if mental illness (anxiety, depression, anxiety with depression) influences baseline scores, (2) to determine if psychological state correlates with baseline performance, and (3) to determine if history of concussion affects Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) subscores of state anxiety, depression, and somatization...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658393/key-strategies-to-improve-systems-for-managing-patient-complaints-within-health-facilities-what-can-we-learn-from-the-existing-literature
#20
Tolib Mirzoev, Sumit Kane
BACKGROUND: Information from patient complaints - a widely accepted measure of patient satisfaction with services - can inform improvements in service quality, and contribute towards overall health systems performance. While analyses of data from patient complaints received much emphasis, there is limited published literature on key interventions to improve complaint management systems. OBJECTIVES: The objectives are two-fold: first, to synthesise existing evidence and provide practical options to inform future policy and practice and, second, to identify key outstanding gaps in the existing literature to inform agenda for future research...
2018: Global Health Action
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