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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329427/ozone-induced-vascular-contractility-and-pulmonary-injury-are-differentially-impacted-by-diets-enriched-with-coconut-oil-fish-oil-and-olive-oil
#1
Samantha J Snow, Wan-Yun Cheng, Andres Henriquez, Myles Hodge, Virgina Bass, Gail M Nelson, Gleta Carswell, Judy E Richards, Mette C Schladweiler, Allen D Ledbetter, Brian Chorley, Kymberly M Gowdy, Haiyan Tong, Urmila P Kodavanti
Fish, olive, and coconut oil dietary supplementation have several cardioprotective benefits, but it is not established if they protect against air pollution-induced adverse effects. We hypothesized that these dietary supplements would attenuate ozone-induced systemic and pulmonary effects. Male Wistar Kyoto rats were fed either a normal diet, or a diet supplemented with fish, olive, or coconut oil for 8 weeks. Animals were then exposed to air or ozone (0.8 ppm), 4h/day for 2 days. Ozone exposure increased phenylephrine-induced aortic vasocontraction, which was completely abolished in rats fed the fish oil diet...
January 10, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327106/mdct-of-ductus-diverticulum-3d-cinematic-rendering-to-enhance-understanding-of-anatomic-configuration-and-avoid-misinterpretation-as-traumatic-aortic-injury
#2
Steven P Rowe, Pamela T Johnson, Elliot K Fishman
Acute aortic injuries are not common in the setting of severe blunt trauma, but lead to significant morbidity and mortality. High-quality MDCT with 2D MPRs and 3D rendering are essential to identify aortic trauma and distinguish anatomic variants and other forms of aortic pathology from an acute injury. Misinterpretation of mimics of acute aortic injury can lead to unnecessary arteriography and thoracic surgery. Since most traumatic injuries occur in the distal arch, radiologists must be cognizant of the range of appearances of variants related to the ductus diverticulum...
January 11, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325237/neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-diagnosis-and-management
#3
Michael R Ware, David B Feller, Karen L Hall
Objective: To provide an overview of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) for the general practitioner with the most up-to-date information on etiology, workup, and management. Data Sources: The search using PubMed included articles with the key words neuroleptic malignant syndrome, antipsychotics, neuroleptics, diagnosis, and treatment of neuroleptic malignant syndrome published in English from January 2000 to 2017. Single-case reports and articles dealing with the pediatric patient population were excluded...
January 4, 2018: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319224/p-gase-n-mos2-vertical-heterostructures-synthesized-by-van-der-waals-epitaxy-for-photoresponse-modulation
#4
Nan Zhou, Renyan Wang, Xing Zhou, Hongyue Song, Xing Xiong, Yao Ding, Jingtao Lü, Lin Gan, Tianyou Zhai
The important role of p-n junction in modulation of the optoelectronic properties of semiconductors is widely cognized. In this work, for the first time the synthesis of p-GaSe/n-MoS2 heterostructures via van der Waals expitaxial growth is reported, although a considerable lattice mismatching of ≈18% exists. According to the simulation, a significant type II p-n junction barrier located at the interface is expected to be formed, which can modulate optoelectronic properties of MoS2 effectively. It is intriguing to reveal that the presence of GaSe can result in obvious Raman and photoluminescence (PL) shift of MoS2 compared to that of pristine one, more interestingly, for PL peak shift, the effect of GaSe-induced tensile strain on MoS2 has overcome the p-doping effect of GaSe, evidencing the strong interlayer coupling between GaSe and MoS2 ...
January 10, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317245/current-pharmaceutical-strategies-for-efficient-site-specific-delivery-in-inflamed-distal-intestinal-mucosa
#5
REVIEW
Sumit Sharma, Vivek R Sinha
Inflammatory bowel disorder is associated with certain pathophysiological disturbances which make established techniques of colon targeting more complex and inconsistent. Probable reason is severity of inflammation which leads to more variability in normal range of triggering factors that are being exploited for colon targeting. Influential changes in pathophysiology of intestine during inflammatory bowel disorder including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis both in active as well as quiescent stage have been discussed...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305773/usage-of-the-terms-prostitution-sex-work-transactional-sex-and-survival-sex-their-utility-in-hiv-prevention-research
#6
Karen McMillan, Heather Worth, Patrick Rawstorne
This article considers the terms prostitution, sex work, transactional sex, and survival sex, the logic of their deployment and utility to research concerned with people who are paid for sex, and HIV. The various names for paid sex in HIV research are invested in strategically differentiated positionings of people who receive payment and emphasize varying degrees of choice. The terminologies that seek to distinguish a range of economically motivated paid sex practices from sex work are characterized by an emphasis on the local and the particular, efforts to evade the stigma attached to the labels sex worker and prostitute, and an analytic prioritizing of culture...
January 5, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300792/management-of-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-patients-with-diabetes
#7
Peter P Toth
Given the heightened risk for adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with diabetes mellitus, it is important that primary care clinicians be comfortable with the routine management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in this patient population. Notably, patients with diabetes are more likely to present atypically during an ACS. To improve health outcomes, patients with a history of diabetes and ACS should be evaluated for peripheral arterial disease and encouraged to pursue cardiac rehabilitation. Clinicians should also be cognizant of the high rate of polypharmacy in patients with diabetes and the potential glycemic and cardioprotective impact of medications they prescribe for these patients...
December 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294927/perceptions-of-elder-abuse-from-community-dwelling-older-persons-and-professionals-working-in-western-switzerland
#8
Delphine Roulet Schwab, Tenzin Wangmo
Older persons' perspectives regarding elder abuse remain little studied. However, definitions of elder abuse and effective prevention strategies require adaptation to the needs and cultures of targeted populations. This study explored the views of older persons and professionals to evaluate their converging and diverging perspectives toward elder abuse and its prevention. The study employed a qualitative approach where six focus groups were held in Western Switzerland (the French-speaking part of the country)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280745/sex-assignment-in-conditions-affecting-sex-development
#9
Renata Markosyan, S Faisal Ahmed
The newborn infant with atypical genitalia presents a challenging clinical scenario and requires expert input. There have been appreciable advances in our knowledge of the underlying causes that may lead to a mere difference or a more serious disorder of sex development (DSD), the natural history of conditions, as well as the short and long-term complications of these conditions themselves, together with the clinical interventions that are associated with these conditions. With this information, the DSD expert can be more confident when discussing options with the parents of the newborn infant...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233407/the-importance-of-clinical-research-skills-according-to-pharmd-students-first-year-residents-and-residency-directors
#10
Heather D Anderson, Joseph J Saseen
PURPOSE: Research has a prominent role within the field of pharmacy practice. However, no studies have assessed the importance of research methods in pharmacy education from the perspective of students, residents, or residency directors. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered online in spring 2014 to four respondent groups: University of Colorado fourth year PharmD (P4) students, post graduate year 1 (PGY1) residents, and PGY1 and post-graduate year 2 (PGY2) residency directors...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232907/a-game-theory-based-incentive-framework-for-an-intelligent-traffic-system-as-part-of-a-smart-city-initiative
#11
Haibo Mei, Stefan Poslad, Shuang Du
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSs) can be applied to inform and incentivize travellers to help them make cognizant choices concerning their trip routes and transport modality use for their daily travel whilst achieving more sustainable societal and transport authority goals. However, in practice, it is challenging for an ITS to enable incentive generation that is context-driven and personalized, whilst supporting multi-dimensional travel goals. This is because an ITS has to address the situation where different travellers have different travel preferences and constraints for route and modality, in the face of dynamically-varying traffic conditions...
December 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231331/-bridge-role-of-jingming-bl-1-for-vdt-asthenopia-and-brainfag-based-on-human-instinct
#12
Wei Zhang, Huanan Li, Na Zhao, Xinghua Hai, Hua Dong, Jingui Wang
To explore the bridge role of Jingming (BL 1) for video display terminal (VDT) asthenopia and brainfag. Ancient literature and modern scientific research on the acupoint have been analyzed and summarized so as to explore pressing the acupoint the instinct feedback of brain after asthenopia. It is demonstrated that Jingming (BL 1) is a key channel between eyes, brain and the outside world, and it is one of major feedback points of brain after asthenopia. In this paper we try to establish a new research thinking and ascertain it, namely Jingming (BL 1) reflecting the relationship between asthenopia and brainfag...
January 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229166/holding-water-congenital-anomalies-of-the-kidney-and-urinary-tract-ckd-and-the-ongoing-role-of-excellence-in-plumbing
#13
REVIEW
Lars J Cisek
Congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tracts can result in diminished natal kidney function, possibly through common embryologic pathway disruption or as a result of development taking place in the face of disordered 'post-renal' drainage. Impaired conduit and reservoir function present potential for an ongoing assault leading to further deterioration and progression of chronic kidney disease, a risk that extends to adults with these conditions, even after "correction". The drainage and storage aspects of the urinary system that can impact kidney function are reviewed with attention to correctable or manageable problems including: Bladder dysfunction wherein the low pressure storage of urine is compromised requiring the kidney to work against a pressure gradient, the classic post renal failure problem...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218257/pulmonary-tuberculosis-versus-recurrent-chemotherapy-induced-pneumonitis-a-clinical-dilemma
#14
Gulrayz Ahmed, Muhammad W Saif
Chemotherapy-induced lung toxicity can affect pulmonary parenchyma, pleura, airways, pulmonary vascular system, mediastinum or the neuromuscular system that is responsible for respiration. Chemotherapy-induced pulmonary toxicity is a diagnosis of exclusion. When the patients with malignancies develop pulmonary toxicity such as pneumonitis and distinguishing it from alternative diseases such as infectious, thrombotic, cardiac, malignant or exacerbation of chronic lung conditions can be difficult. Moreover, such patients are often immunosuppressed, physically stressed from the underlying disease and the cancer treatment and hence, more susceptible to usual and unusual or opportunistic infections...
October 4, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217743/dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-a-characteristic-pattern-of-edema-and-enhancement-of-the-medulla-on-mri
#15
A Z Copelan, A Krishnan, H Marin, R Silbergleit
Medullary edema with enhancement is rarely reported at initial MR imaging in intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas. We report a series of 5 patients with dural arteriovenous fistulas, all of whom demonstrated a characteristic pattern of central medullary edema and medullary enhancement at initial MR imaging. Cognard type V dural arteriovenous fistula, defined by drainage into the perimedullary veins and the veins surrounding the brain stem, is a rare yet well-described pathologic entity. Even more rarely reported, however, is its clinical presentation with predominantly bulbar symptoms and MR imaging findings of central medullary edema with enhancement...
December 7, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201531/stigma-partners-providers-and-costs-potential-barriers-to-prep-uptake-among-us-women
#16
Lakshmi Goparaju, Nathan C Praschan, Lari Warren-Jeanpiere, Laure S Experton, Mary A Young, Seble Kassaye
Background: Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) use has remained low among US women while significantly increasing among men who have sex with men. Besides lack of awareness, women face several social and structural barriers in gaining access to and using PrEP. Methods: Four focus group discussions with 20 HIV-negative women who live in the Washington DC metropolitan area. Results: The women expressed concerns about social and structural barriers to PrEP use...
September 2017: Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198477/the-assessment-of-psychological-factors-on-upper-extremity-disability-a-scoping-review
#17
Joy C MacDermid, Kristin Valdes, Mike Szerekes, Nancy Naughton, Lori Algar
INTRODUCTION: The primary purpose of this scoping review was to describe the nature and extent of the published research that assesses the relationship between psychological features and patient-reported outcome following surgery or rehabilitation of upper extremity disease or injury. METHODS: Twenty-two included studies were examined for quantitative study design, outcome measure, inclusion/exclusion criteria, follow-up and recruitment strategy. Patient population and psychological assessment tools were examined for validity...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193504/cohort-based-income-gradients-in-obesity-among-u-s-adults
#18
Jongho Heo, Audrey N Beck, Shih-Fan Lin, Enrico Marcelli, Suzanne Lindsay, Brian Karl Finch
OBJECTIVES: No studies have focused on socioeconomic disparities in obesity within and between cohorts. Our objectives were to examine income gradients in obesity between birth-cohorts (inter-cohort variations) and within each birth-cohort (intra-cohort variations) by gender and race/ethnicity. METHODS: Our sample includes 56,820 white and black adults from pooled, cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (1971-2012). We fit a series of logistic hierarchical Age-Period-Cohort models to control for the effects of age and period, simultaneously...
November 27, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184806/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-adolescence-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-strategies
#19
REVIEW
Manmohan K Kamboj, Andrea E Bonny
Controversy continues about the underlying etiopathogenesis, diagnostic criteria, and recommendations for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents. Recent literature has recognized these deficiencies and evidence based expert recommendations have become more available. The purpose of this chapter is to offer primary care providers a practical understanding and approach to the diagnosis and treatment of PCOS in adolescents. Although the presence of polycystic ovary morphology (PCOM) is included as a key diagnostic criterion of PCOS in adults, it is currently not recommended for the diagnosis in adolescents...
October 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164553/-implementing-inter-professional-education-ipe-challenges-and-strategies
#20
Chia-Lun Lee, Chich-Hsiu Hung
Inter-professional practice (IPP), necessary in today's healthcare environment, should be guided and practiced through inter-professional education (IPE). Within the context of an effective IPE program, collaborative medical professionals must be cognizant of the demands of patients' integrated care, organize a collaborative inter-professional team, and achieve the objectives of patient-centered care. However, the many challenges of IPE include insufficient understanding of inter-professional care, occupational culture-related boundary issues, lack of a college education, and insufficient support from academic and medical institutions...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
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