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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025100/an-examination-of-pain-s-relationship-to-sleep-fragmentation-and-disordered-breathing-across-common-sleep-disorders
#1
Jennifer M Mundt, Stephan Eisenschenk, Michael E Robinson
Objective: Short sleep duration and insomnia have been linked to higher pain and an increased risk of developing chronic pain, but relatively little research has examined the contribution of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) to pain. This study examined the unique contributions of SDB and insomnia to chronic pain. Subjects: Adult patients referred to an academic sleep center for overnight polysomnography were invited to participate. Methods: Participants (N = 105) completed questionnaires about their sleep and pain, including the Insomnia Severity Index, Medical College of Virginia Pain Questionnaire, and two weeks of sleep/pain diaries...
August 28, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993390/thermal-clothing-to-reduce-heart-failure-morbidity-during-winter-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Adrian Gerard Barnett, Ian Stewart, Andrea Beevers, John F Fraser, David Platts
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether providing thermal clothing improved the health of patients with heart failure during winter. DESIGN: Parallel group randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Large public hospital in Brisbane during winter 2016. PARTICIPANTS: 91 patients with systolic or diastolic heart failure who were over 50 years old. INTERVENTION: 47 patients were randomised to receive thermal clothes (socks, top and hat) and 44 received usual care...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992829/night-to-night-sleep-variability-in-older-adults-with-chronic-insomnia-mediators-and-moderators-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-brief-behavioral-therapy-bbt-i
#3
Wai Sze Chan, Jacob Williams, Natalie D Dautovich, Joseph P H McNamara, Ashley Stripling, Joseph M Dzierzewski, Richard B Berry, Karin J M McCoy, Christina S McCrae
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep variability is a clinically significant variable in understanding and treating insomnia in older adults. The current study examined changes in sleep variability in the course of brief behavioral therapy for insomnia (BBT-I) in older adults who had chronic insomnia. Additionally, the current study examined the mediating mechanisms underlying reductions of sleep variability and the moderating effects of baseline sleep variability on treatment responsiveness. METHODS: Sixty-two elderly participants were randomly assigned to either BBT-I or self-monitoring and attention control (SMAC)...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987265/performance-and-sleepiness-in-nurses-working-12-h-day-shifts-or-night-shifts-in-a-community-hospital
#4
Marian Wilson, Regan Permito, Ashley English, Sandra Albritton, Carlana Coogle, Hans P A Van Dongen
Hospitals are around-the-clock operations and nurses are required to care for patients night and day. The nursing shortage and desire for a more balanced work-to-home life has popularized 12-h shifts for nurses. The present study investigated sleep/wake cycles and fatigue levels in 22 nurses working 12-h shifts, comparing day versus night shifts. Nurses (11day shift and 11 night shift) were recruited from a suburban acute-care medical center. Participants wore a wrist activity monitor and kept a diary to track their sleep/wake cycles for 2 weeks...
October 5, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985271/ecg-voltage-in-relation-to-peripheral-and-central-ambulatory-blood-pressure
#5
Wen-Yi Yang, Blerim Mujaj, Ljupcho Efremov, Zhen-Yu Zhang, Lutgarde Thijs, Fang-Fei Wei, Qi-Fang Huang, Aernout Luttun, Peter Verhamme, Tim S Nawrot, José Boggia, Jan A Staessen
BACKGROUND: The heart ejects in the central elastic arteries. No previous study in workers described the diurnal profile of central blood pressure (BP) or addressed the question whether ECG indexes are more closely associated with central than peripheral BP. METHODS: In 177 men (mean age, 29.1 years), we compared the associations of ECG indexes with brachial and central ambulatory BP, measured over 24 hours by the validated oscillometric Mobil-O-Graph 24h PWA monitor...
September 9, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974470/diabetes-alert-dogs-dads-an-assessment-of-accuracy-and-implications
#6
Linda A Gonder-Frederick, Jesse H Grabman, Jaclyn A Shepard
AIMS: To test the accuracy of Diabetes Alert Dogs (DADs) by comparing recorded alerts to continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) device readings during waking and sleeping hours. METHODS: 14 individuals (7 adults with type 1 diabetes and 7 youth with type 1 diabetes/parents) who owned DADs for ≥ 6 mos wore masked CGM devices over a several-week period while recording DAD alerts electronically and in paper diaries. RESULTS: During waking hours, sensitivity scores across participants were 35...
September 30, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960555/sleep-quality-and-mood-in-mothers-and-fathers-accommodated-in-the-family-centred-paediatric-ward
#7
Charlotte Angelhoff, Ulla Edéll-Gustafsson, Evalotte Mörelius
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe sleep quality and mood in parents accommodated with their sick child in a family-centred paediatric ward. Secondary aims were to compare mothers' and fathers' sleep quality and mood in the paediatric ward, and to compare the parents' sleep quality and mood between the paediatric ward and in a daily-life home setting after discharge. BACKGROUND: Frequent interruptions, ward noise, and anxiety affect parents' sleep quality and mood negatively when accommodated with their sick child in paediatric wards...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960164/cognitive-expectancies-for-hypnotic-use-among-older-adult-veterans-with-chronic-insomnia
#8
Constance H Fung, Jennifer L Martin, Karen Josephson, Lavinia Fiorentino, Joseph M Dzierzewski, Stella Jouldjian, Yeonsu Song, Juan Carlos Rodriguez Tapia, Michael N Mitchell, Cathy A Alessi
OBJECTIVES: To examine relationships between cognitive expectancies about sleep and hypnotics and use of medications commonly used for insomnia (hypnotics). METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from older veterans who met diagnostic criteria for insomnia and were enrolled in a trial comparing CBTI delivered by a supervised, sleep educator to an attention control condition (N = 159; 97% male, mean age 72 years). We classified individuals as hypnotic users (N = 23) vs...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950837/a-school-based-physical-activity-promotion-intervention-in-children-rationale-and-study-protocol-for-the-previene-project
#9
Pablo Tercedor, Emilio Villa-González, Manuel Ávila-García, Carolina Díaz-Piedra, Alejandro Martínez-Baena, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Isaac José Pérez-López, Inmaculada García-Rodríguez, Sandra Mandic, Juan Palomares-Cuadros, Víctor Segura-Jiménez, Francisco Javier Huertas-Delgado
BACKGROUND: The lack of physical activity and increasing time spent in sedentary behaviours during childhood place importance on developing low cost, easy-toimplement school-based interventions to increase physical activity among children. The PREVIENE Project will evaluate the effectiveness of five innovative, simple, and feasible interventions (active commuting to/from school, active Physical Education lessons, active school recess, sleep health promotion, and an integrated program incorporating all 4 interventions) to improve physical activity, fitness, anthropometry, sleep health, academic achievement, and health-related quality of life in primary school children...
September 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947031/subjective-and-objective-assessment-of-physical-activity-influence-of-newly-diagnosed-exercise-induced-bronchoconstriction-and-gender
#10
Henrik Johansson, Marie Berglund, Ulf Holmbäck
AIM: To investigate if occurrence of newly diagnosed exercise induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) would affect adolescents' ability to assess their physical activity. METHODS: 99 selected adolescents with and 47 adolescents without self-reported exercise induced dyspnea were included. All of the 146 adolescents then performed a standardized exercise challenge test on a treadmill with dry-air inhalation to detect EIB. Free living physical activity was assessed during seven days with both accelerometer (objective assessment) and a validated activity diary (subjective assessment)...
October 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940629/dynamic-daily-associations-between-insomnia-symptoms-and-alcohol-use-in-adults-with-chronic-pain
#11
Mary Beth Miller, Wai Sze Chan, Jeff Boissoneault, Michael Robinson, Roland Staud, Richard B Berry, Christina S McCrae
Individuals with chronic pain are at risk for sleep disruption and heavy alcohol use, yet the daily associations between these behaviours are not well characterized. This study aimed to determine the extent to which alcohol use affects insomnia symptoms and vice versa in adults reporting symptoms of chronic pain. Participants were 73 individuals (93% women) reporting alcohol use in addition to symptoms of insomnia and chronic pain. They completed daily diaries assessing insomnia symptoms and alcohol use for 14 days...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933313/sleep-wake-difficulties-in-community-dwelling-cancer-patients-receiving-palliative-care-subjective-and-objective-assessment
#12
Marie Solange Bernatchez, Josée Savard, Marie-Hélène Savard, Michèle Aubin, Hans Ivers
OBJECTIVE: Prevalence rates of sleep difficulties in advanced cancer patients have varied widely across studies (12 to 96%), and none of these employed a diagnostic interview to distinguish different types of sleep-wake disorders. Moreover, very limited information is available on subjective and objective sleep parameters in this population. Our study was conducted in palliative cancer patients and aimed to assess rates of sleep-wake disorders and subsyndromal symptoms and to document subjective and objective sleep-wake parameters across various types of sleep-wake difficulties...
September 21, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929803/determinants-of-perceived-sleep-quality-in-normal-sleepers
#13
M S Goelema, M Regis, R Haakma, E R Van Den Heuvel, P Markopoulos, S Overeem
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to establish the determinants of perceived sleep quality over a longer period of time, taking into account the separate contributions of actigraphy-based sleep measures and self-reported sleep indices. METHODS: Fifty participants (52 ± 6.6 years; 27 females) completed two consecutive weeks of home monitoring, during which they kept a sleep-wake diary while their sleep was monitored using a wrist-worn actigraph. The diary included questions on perceived sleep quality, sleep-wake information, and additional factors such as well-being and stress...
September 20, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928228/salivary-alpha-amylase-in-on-call-from-home-fire-and-emergency-service-personnel
#14
Sarah J Hall, Brad Aisbett, Samuel J Robertson, Sally A Ferguson, Anne I Turner
The effect of working on-call from home on the sympatho-adrenal medullary system activity is currently unknown. This study had two aims, Aim 1: examine salivary alpha amylase awakening response (AAR) and diurnal salivary alpha amylase (sAA) profile in fire and emergency service workers who operate on-call from home following a night on-call with a call (NIGHT-CALL), a night on-call without a call (NO-CALL) and an off-call night (OFF-CALL), and Aim 2: explore whether there was an anticipatory effect of working on-call from home (ON) compared to when there was an off-call (OFF) on the diurnal sAA profile...
November 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923405/positive-mood-on-the-day-of-influenza-vaccination-predicts-vaccine-effectiveness-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#15
Kieran Ayling, Lucy Fairclough, Paddy Tighe, Ian Todd, Vanessa Halliday, Jon Garibaldi, Simon Royal, Aljali Hamed, Heather Buchanan, Kavita Vedhara
Influenza vaccination is estimated to only be effective in 17-53% of older adults. Multiple patient behaviors and psychological factors have been shown to act as 'immune modulators' sufficient to influence vaccination outcomes. However, the relative importance of such factors is unknown as they have typically been examined in isolation. The objective of the present study was to explore the effects of multiple behavioral (physical activity, nutrition, sleep) and psychological influences (stress, positive mood, negative mood) on the effectiveness of the immune response to influenza vaccination in the elderly...
September 18, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923188/poor-sleep-moderates-the-relationship-between-daytime-napping-and-inflammation-in-black-and-white-men
#16
Karen P Jakubowski, Jennifer M Boylan, Jenny M Cundiff, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVES: To test whether napping was associated with 2 inflammatory markers with known relationships to cardiovascular disease: high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Because IL-6 is known to impact central inflammatory processes that relate to sleep regulation, including subjective fatigue, we tested whether this relationship was moderated by sleep duration, sleep efficiency, and self-reported sleep quality. DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922097/gender-differences-in-variables-associated-with-sleep-quality-in-chronic-tension-type-headache
#17
Margarita Cigarán-Méndez, Juan J Fernández-Muñoz, Esperanza Navarro-Pardo, Carmen Jiménez-Antona, Paula Parás-Bravo, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín, César Fernández-De-Las-Peñas
We aimed to evaluate gender differences in the relationships between headache features, sleep quality, anxiety, depressive symptoms and burden of headache in 193 patients (73% women) with chronic tension type headache (CTTH). Sleep quality was assessed with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Headache features were collected with a four-week diary. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to assess anxiety/depressive symptoms. Headache Disability Inventory was used to evaluate the burden of headache...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914726/pro-inflammatory-cytokines-mood-and-sleep-in-interepisode-bipolar-disorder-and-insomnia-a-pilot-study-with-implications-for-psychosocial-interventions
#18
Michael R Dolsen, Adriane M Soehner, Allison G Harvey
OBJECTIVE: Pro-inflammatory cytokines are associated with bipolar disorder (BD), but less is known about how cytokines function during the interepisode period. This study examined cytokines, mood symptoms, and sleep in individuals with interepisode BD with complaints of insomnia. We also investigated the effects of a BD-specific modification of cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia (CBTI-BP) on cytokine levels. METHODS: The 22 adults with interepisode BD Type I and insomnia were drawn from a subset of an NIMH-funded study...
September 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910543/intra-individual-variability-in-the-sleep-of-senior-and-junior-rugby-league-athletes-during-the-competitive-season
#19
Johnpaul Caia, Shona L Halson, Tannath J Scott, Vincent G Kelly
This study examined the sleep intra-individual variability (IIV) of rugby league athletes across senior and junior levels during one week of the competitive season. Forty-five rugby league athletes across elite senior, sub-elite senior and elite junior levels each wore actigraphy monitors for seven days during the competitive season, and completed a subjective sleep diary each morning upon waking. Linear mixed models were used to assess differences in sleep measures between playing levels. Intra-individual standard deviations for each sleep measure were calculated for each athlete to determine their respective IIV, allowing differences in IIV between groups to be assessed...
September 14, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892550/adolescent-sleepiness-causes-and-consequences
#20
Shana L Hansen, Dale Capener, Christopher Daly
Insufficient sleep duration and poor sleep quality are common among adolescents. The multidimensional causes of insufficient sleep duration and poor sleep quality include biological, health-related, environmental, and lifestyle factors. The most common direct consequence of insufficient and/or poor sleep quality is excessive daytime sleepiness, which may contribute to poor academic performance, behavioral health problems, substance use, and drowsy driving. Evaluation of sleepiness includes a detailed sleep history and sleep diary, with polysomnography only required for the assessment of specific sleep disorders...
September 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
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