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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458196/within-subject-associations-between-inflammation-and-features-of-depression-using-the-flu-vaccine-as-a-mild-inflammatory-stimulus
#1
Kate R Kuhlman, Theodore F Robles, Larissa N Dooley, Chloe C Boyle, Marcie D Haydon, Julienne E Bower
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a role in mood and behavior that may be relevant to identifying risk factors and treatment for depression and other stress-related illnesses. The purpose of this study was to examine whether fluctuations in inflammation following a mild immune stimulus were associated with changes in daily reported features of depression for up to a week in a healthy sample of young adults. METHODS: Forty one undergraduate students completed daily diaries of mood, feelings of social disconnection, sleep, and physical symptoms for one week before and after receiving the seasonal influenza vaccine...
February 16, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456519/why-don-t-you-go-to-bed-on-time-a-daily-diary-study-on-the-relationships-between-chronotype-self-control-resources-and-the-phenomenon-of-bedtime-procrastination
#2
Jana Kühnel, Christine J Syrek, Anne Dreher
Background: This daily diary study investigates the phenomenon of bedtime procrastination. Bedtime procrastination is defined as going to bed later than intended, without having external reasons for doing so. We highlight the role chronotype (interindividual differences in biological preferences for sleep-wake-times) plays for bedtime procrastination. Moreover, we challenge the view that bedtime procrastination is the result of a lack of self-regulatory resources by investigating momentary self-regulatory resources as a predictor of day-specific bedtime procrastination...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451994/stroop-task-related-brain-activity-in-patients-with-insomnia-changes-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#3
Jeong Yeon Hwang, Nambeom Kim, Soohyun Kim, Juhyun Park, Jae-Won Choi, Seog Ju Kim, Chang-Ki Kang, Yu Jin Lee
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: In the present study, we compared differences in brain activity during the Stroop task between patients with chronic insomnia disorder (CID) and good sleepers (GS). Furthermore, we evaluated changes in Stroop task-related brain activity after cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: The final analysis included 21 patients with CID and 25 GS. All participants underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while performing the color-word Stroop task...
February 16, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448003/increased-hippocampal-prefrontal-functional-connectivity-in-insomnia
#4
Jeanne Leerssen, Rick Wassing, Jennifer R Ramautar, Diederick Stoffers, Oti Lakbila-Kamal, Joy Perrier, Jessica Bruijel, Jessica C Foster-Dingley, Moji Aghajani, Eus J W van Someren
Insomnia Disorder (ID) is the second-most common mental disorder and has a far-reaching impact on daytime functioning. A meta-analysis indicates that, of all cognitive domains, declarative memory involving the hippocampus is most affected in insomnia. Hippocampal functioning has consistently been shown to be sensitive to experimental sleep deprivation. Insomnia however differs from sleep deprivation in many aspects, and findings on hippocampal structure and function have been equivocal. The present study used both structural and resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging in a larger sample than previously reported to evaluate hippocampal volume and functional connectivity in ID...
February 12, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445542/assessing-the-sleeping-habits-of-patients-in-a-sleep-disorder-centre-a-review-of-sleep-diary-accuracy
#5
Geoffrey Lawrence, Rexford Muza
Background: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is a complaint common to many aspects of medicine. There are primary and secondary causes for EDS, with secondary causes including a large number of common conditions. Primary causes, such as narcolepsy, are much rarer. When assessing for primary hypersomnia, restricted or fragmented sleep must be ruled out. This process involves assessment of sleeping habits using a sleep diary and/or actigraphy. Clinicians are suspicious of the accuracy with which patients use the former...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424553/lower-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-reduced-autobiographical-memory-specificity
#6
Tom J Barry, Keisuke Takano, Yannick Boddez, Filip Raes
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Sleep can have an important influence on memory. However, it is unclear whether there is any relation between sleep quality and the specificity with which autobiographical memories are retrieved, a key factor associated with vulnerability for, and the presence of, depression and other psychiatric diagnoses. The present study provides the first investigation of the association between sleep quality and autobiographical memory specificity. PARTICIPANTS AND METHOD: Fifty-four unselected community participants completed the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) to assess memory specificity, while subjective and objective measures of total sleep time and sleep onset latency were provided through a daily diary and an actigraphy wristwatch worn for a week...
February 9, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415800/short-sleep-duration-is-weakly-associated-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-adolescents
#7
Jade Wing Sum Li, Chun Ting Au, Kate Ching Ching Chan, Ping Chook, Yun Kwok Wing, Albert Martin Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between sleep duration and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in adolescents. We hypothesized that short sleep duration was associated with an increased CIMT. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. Healthy participants aged 10-18 years were recruited from a school-based cohort established to examine the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in Hong Kong. All participants completed a prospective 7-day sleep diary, underwent anthropometric measurements, overnight polysomnography, and CIMT assessment...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398767/daily-temporal-pathways-a-latent-class-approach-to-time-diary-data
#8
Sarah M Flood, Rachelle Hill, Katie R Genadek
Research on daily time and how it is allocated has generally considered the time spent in specific activities. However, social theory suggests that time use is socially patterned whether by social organization, heterogeneity, and/or stratification. Drawing on four broad types of time (contracted, committed, necessary, and free), we use Multinomial Logit Latent Class Analysis to discuss eight daily temporal pathways and associations with individual characteristics. Our analysis highlights the variations and similarities across pathways, the impact of paid work in structuring daily life, the social patterning of sleep and leisure, and socio-demographic profiles of the pathways of working-age Americans...
January 2018: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387936/a-randomized-controlled-intervention-of-workplace-based-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#9
Helena Schiller, Marie Söderström, Mats Lekander, Kristiina Rajaleid, Göran Kecklund
PURPOSE: Sleep disturbance is common in the working population, often associated with work stress, health complaints and impaired work performance. This study evaluated a group intervention at work, based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for insomnia, and the moderating effects of burnout scores at baseline. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled intervention with a waiting list control group. Participants were employees working at least 75% of full time, reporting self-perceived regular sleep problems...
January 31, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384937/acupuncture-as-a-primary-and-independent-treatment-for-a-patient-with-chronic-insomnia-one-year-follow-up-case-report
#10
Wanrong Zhang, Zhen Huang, Yuanyuan Jin
RATIONALE: Insomnia is a common disease. Till date, no study has reported the long-term (up to 1 year) outcomes of acupuncture as a primary and independent treatment in patients with insomnia. This report aims to present response of patient who was treated by acupuncture. This patient was evaluated with polysomnography. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 40-year-old patient had been diagnosed with insomnia for 2 years and getting worse since 1 month ago. He had undergone depression and anxiety emotion, but refused to take medical treatment for chronic insomnia...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381788/sleep-extension-is-a-feasible-lifestyle-intervention-in-free-living-adults-who-are-habitually-short-sleepers-a-potential-strategy-for-decreasing-intake-of-free-sugars-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#11
Haya K Al Khatib, Wendy L Hall, Alice Creedon, Emily Ooi, Tala Masri, Laura McGowan, Scott V Harding, Julia Darzi, Gerda K Pot
Background: Evidence suggests that short sleep duration may be a newly identified modifiable risk factor for obesity, yet there is a paucity of studies to investigate this. Objective: We assessed the feasibility of a personalized sleep extension protocol in adults aged 18-64 y who are habitually short sleepers (5 to <7 h), with sleep primarily measured by wrist actigraphy. In addition, we collected pilot data to assess the effects of extended sleep on dietary intake and quality measured by 7-d food diaries, resting and total energy expenditure, physical activity, and markers of cardiometabolic health...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377925/individual-differences-in-compliance-and-agreement-for-sleep-logs-and-wrist-actigraphy-a-longitudinal-study-of-naturalistic-sleep-in-healthy-adults
#12
Steven M Thurman, Nick Wasylyshyn, Heather Roy, Gregory Lieberman, Javier O Garcia, Alex Asturias, Gold N Okafor, James C Elliott, Barry Giesbrecht, Scott T Grafton, Sara C Mednick, Jean M Vettel
There is extensive laboratory research studying the effects of acute sleep deprivation on biological and cognitive functions, yet much less is known about naturalistic patterns of sleep loss and the potential impact on daily or weekly functioning of an individual. Longitudinal studies are needed to advance our understanding of relationships between naturalistic sleep and fluctuations in human health and performance, but it is first necessary to understand the efficacy of current tools for long-term sleep monitoring...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372811/changes-in-growth-and-sleep-across-school-nights-weekends-and-a-winter-holiday-period-in-two-australian-schools
#13
Alex Agostini, Silvia Pignata, Roberta Camporeale, Kathryn Scott, Jillian Dorrian, Anne Way, Paul Ryan, James Martin, Declan Kennedy, Kurt Lushington
Studies suggest that there may be an association between sleep and growth; however, the relationship is not well understood. Changes in biology and external factors such as school schedule heavily impact the sleep of adolescents, during a critical phase for growth. This study assessed the changes in sleep across school days, weekends and school holidays, while also measuring height and weight changes, and self-reported alterations in food intake and physical activity. The impact of morningness-eveningness (M-E) on height change and weight gain was also investigated...
January 26, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368957/sleep-circadian-rhythms-and-risk-across-health-domains-in-adolescents-with-an-evening-circadian-preference
#14
Michael R Dolsen, James K Wyatt, Allison G Harvey
Sleep and circadian rhythm changes during adolescence contribute to increased risk across emotional, behavioral, cognitive, social, and physical health domains. This study examines if sleep and dim light melatonin onset (DLMO) are related to greater risk in these 5 health domains. Participants were 163 (93 female, age = 14.7 years) adolescents with an evening circadian preference from a study funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Sleep and circadian measures included weekday total sleep time (TST), bedtime, and shut-eye time assessed via sleep diary, the Children's Morningness-Eveningness Preferences scale, and DLMO...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334760/polymorphisms-in-estrogen-synthesis-genes-and-symptom-clusters-during-the-menopausal-transition-and-early-postmenopause-observations-from-the-seattle-midlife-women-s-health-study
#15
Nancy Fugate Woods, Lori A Cray, Ellen Sullivan Mitchell, Fred Farrin, Jerald Herting
During the menopausal transition and early postmenopause, participants in the Seattle Midlife Women's Health Study (SMWHS) experienced one of the three symptom severity clusters identified through latent class analysis: severe hot flashes with moderate sleep, mood, cognitive, and pain symptoms (high-severity hot flash); low-severity hot flashes with moderate levels of all other symptom groups (moderate severity); and low levels of all symptom groups (low severity). In an effort to determine whether gene polymorphisms were associated with these symptom severity classes, we tested associations between gene polymorphisms in the estrogen synthesis pathways (cytochrome P450 19 [CYP 19] and 17 beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase [ 17HSDB1]) and the three symptom severity clusters...
January 1, 2018: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332687/similarities-and-differences-in-estimates-of-sleep-duration-by-polysomnography-actigraphy-diary-and-self-reported-habitual-sleep-in-a-community-sample
#16
Karen A Matthews, Sanjay R Patel, Elizabeth J Pantesco, Daniel J Buysse, Thomas W Kamarck, Laisze Lee, Martica H Hall
OBJECTIVES: To compare estimates of sleep duration defined by polysomnography (PSG), actigraphy, daily diary, and retrospective questionnaire and to identify characteristics associated with differences between measures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community sample. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 223 Black, White, and Asian middle- to older-aged men and women residing in the Pittsburgh, PA area. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332679/socioeconomic-status-in-childhood-predicts-sleep-continuity-in-adult-black-and-white-men
#17
Karen A Matthews, J Richard Jennings, Laisze Lee
OBJECTIVES: Low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood may be associated with sleep in adulthood. We evaluated the relationships between SES in childhood through adolescence and into adulthood and sleep in midlife men. DESIGN: Prospective assessment of SES in childhood and adulthood. SETTING: Population-based study of 139 Black and 105 White men enrolled since age 7 and evaluated for sleep characteristics at age 32. MEASUREMENTS: Actigraphy and diary measures of sleep duration, continuity, and quality for 1 week...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324595/association-of-pharmacologic-treatment-of-urgency-urinary-incontinence-with-sleep-quality-and-daytime-sleepiness
#18
Qurratul A Warsi, Alison J Huang, Rachel Hess, Lily A Arya, Holly E Richter, Catherine S Bradley, Rebecca G Rogers, Deborah L Myers, Karen C Johnson, William D Winkelman, W Thomas Gregory, Stephen R Kraus, Michael Schembri, Jeanette S Brown, Katie L Stone, Leslee L Subak
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between pharmacologic therapy for urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) and sleep quality. METHODS: We conducted a planned secondary data analysis of sleep outcomes in a previously conducted multicenter, double-blind, 12-week randomized trial of pharmacologic therapy for urgency-predominant incontinence among community-dwelling women self-diagnosed using the 3-Incontinence Questions questionnaire. Participants (N=645) were assigned randomly to 4-8 mg antimuscarinic therapy daily or placebo...
February 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317179/-adaptation-and-study-of-the-measurement-properties-of-a-sleep-questionnaire-for-infants-and-pre-school-children
#19
Pia Cassanello, Ana Díez-Izquierdo, Nuria Gorina, Nuria Matilla-Santander, Jose M Martínez-Sanchez, Albert Balaguer
INTRODUCTION: Although sleep disturbances in infants and toddlers are common, there is no suitable validated tool in Spanish to evaluate sleep disorders. The Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ) is a well-established multidimensional questionnaire widely used internationally. OBJECTIVES: To adapt the BISQ questionnaire to Spanish and analyse its reliability and validity. To explore its feasibility, both in the clinical context, and in epidemiological research...
January 6, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313721/altering-adolescents-pre-bedtime-phone-use-to-achieve-better-sleep-health
#20
K Bartel, R Scheeren, M Gradisar
Mobile phone use is often blamed for adolescent sleeping difficulties in the popular and scientific literature, with correlations observed between adolescents' mobile phone use and their bedtime. We aimed to obtain experimental evidence to support these causal claims. A within-subjects experiment (baseline, intervention) was conducted in adolescents' homes, to determine the effect of restricting adolescents' pre-bed mobile phone use on school night sleep habits. Following a baseline week, adolescents were given individualized phone stop times, 1 hour before bed for one school week...
January 9, 2018: Health Communication
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