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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682834/the-nature-of-delayed-dream-incorporation-dream-lag-effect-personally-significant-events-persist-but-not-major-daily-activities-or-concerns
#1
Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub, Elaine van Rijn, Mairéad Phelan, Larnia Ryder, M Gareth Gaskell, Penelope A Lewis, Matthew P Walker, Mark Blagrove
Incorporation of details from waking life events into rapid eye movement (REM) sleep dreams has been found to be highest on the 2 nights after, and then 5-7 nights after, the event. These are termed, respectively, the day-residue and dream-lag effects. This study is the first to categorize types of waking life experiences and compare their incorporation into dreams across multiple successive nights. Thirty-eight participants completed a daily diary each evening and a dream diary each morning for 14 days. In the daily diary, three categories of experiences were reported: major daily activities (MDAs), personally significant events (PSEs) and major concerns (MCs)...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680498/sleep-eeg-spectral-power-is-correlated-with-subjective-objective-discrepancy-of-sleep-onset-latency-in-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Seung-Gul Kang, Sara Mariani, Stephanie A Marvin, Kwang-Pil Ko, Susan Redline, John W Winkelman
We aimed to identify the sleep electroencephalography (EEG) spectral power correlates of the subjective-objective discrepancy (SOD) of sleep onset latency (SOL) in major depressive disorder (MDD), primary insomnia (PI), and normal sleeping control (NSC) groups. We examined relative power values in standard frequency bands of the EEG spectra during the first Non-Rapid Eye Movement (NREM) sleep period as correlates of SOD of SOL between sleep diary and polysomnography in MDD (n = 36), PI (n = 19), and NSC (n = 23) groups...
April 19, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680429/repetitive-thought-is-associated-with-both-subjectively-and-objectively-recorded-polysomnographic-indices-of-disrupted-sleep-in-insomnia-disorder
#3
Andrea Galbiati, Enrico Giora, Simone Sarasso, Marco Zucconi, Luigi Ferini-Strambi
BACKGROUND: Repetitive thought is a hallmark of several psychopathological conditions and in particular a perpetuating and maintaining factor in Insomnia Disorder. Accordingly, one of the primary complaints reported by Insomnia patients is the inability to shut-off or control thoughts. Worry and rumination are the two best-known styles of repetitive thought leading to sleep disturbances. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of these two cognitive processes on nocturnal sleep indices objectively recorded by polysomnography...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680428/characteristics-of-napping-in-community-dwelling-insomnia-patients
#4
Kwang Ho Jang, Jung Hie Lee, Seong Jae Kim, Hyo Jeong Kwon
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine napping characteristics of community-dwelling patients with insomnia disorder (ID) compared to characteristics of normal controls (NC), and to examine the effect of napping on nocturnal sleep. METHODS: Adult volunteers who were more than 18 years old were recruited from three rural public health centers in Korea. Data from actigraphy recording and a sleep diary filled out for seven days were obtained. Finally, 115 ID patients and 80 NC subjects were included in this study...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680427/daytime-sleepiness-driving-performance-reaction-time-and-inhibitory-control-during-sleep-restriction-therapy-for-chronic-insomnia-disorder
#5
Hannah Whittall, Meg Pillion, Michael Gradisar
BACKGROUND: Sleep restriction therapy (SRT) is a largely untested single treatment component of cognitive-behaviour therapy for insomnia. To date, the evidence for contraindications for SRT is limited to very few studies. The present study investigated the objective and subjective daytime consequences during the acute phase of SRT for adults diagnosed with Chronic Insomnia Disorder. METHODS: Sixteen adults (age = 36.3 ± 13.4 yrs, 12 females, 4 males) underwent SRT for their insomnia over a two week period based on recommendations by Miller and colleagues (2014) [6]...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623062/lucid-dreaming-intensity-but-not-frequency-is-inversely-related-to-psychopathology
#6
Liat Aviram, Nirit Soffer-Dudek
Lucid dreaming (LD) is awareness that one is dreaming, during the dream state. However, some define and assess LD relying also on controlling dream events, although control is present only in a subset of lucid dreams. LD has been claimed to represent well-being, and has even been used as a therapeutic agent. Conversely, LD is associated with mixed sleep-wake states, which are related to bizarre cognitions, stress, and psychopathology, and have been construed as arousal permeating and disrupting sleep. We propose that previous conflicting findings regarding relations between LD and both psychopathology and well-being, stem from the non-differentiated assessment of frequency and control...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621944/elections-have-consequences-for-student-mental-health-an-accidental-daily-diary-study
#7
Michael J Roche, Nicholas C Jacobson
Polling suggested that the 2016 United States presidential election affected citizens' mood and stress levels. Yet, polling often fails to employ repeated measurement designs that can capture pre- and post-levels of change within the same person. In this study, undergraduate students ( N = 85) completed a 14-day daily diary where mood, stress, and mental health outcomes were assessed before and after the election. Multilevel modeling revealed an immediate upsurge in anxiety, stress, and poor sleep quality the day after the election, followed by a recovery period indicating these effects were short-lived...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618098/impact-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-disorder-on-sleep-and-comorbid-symptoms-in-military-personnel-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Daniel J Taylor, Alan L Peterson, Kristi E Pruiksma, Willie J Hale, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Allison Wilkerson, Karin Nicholson, Brett T Litz, Katherine A Dondanville, John D Roache, Elisa V Borah, Antoinette Brundige, Jim Mintz
Study Objectives: To compare the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTi) disorder and a Control condition on reducing insomnia and comorbid symptoms in a sample of active duty military personnel. Methods: Randomized clinical trial of 151 active duty US Army personnel at Fort Hood, Texas. Results: This study replicated Original (n = 66) findings (CBTi outperformed Control) in a Follow-on sample (n = 85) on diary-assessed sleep efficiency (d = 1...
March 29, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609867/circadian-health-differs-between-boys-and-girls-as-assessed-by-non-invasive-tools-in-school-aged-children
#9
Gloria Maria Barraco, Nuria Martínez-Lozano, Claudia Vales-Villamarín, María Del Carmen Blaya, Rafael Rios, Juan Antonio Madrid, Paul Fardy, Marta Garaulet
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Assessment of circadian health is confined to adults. However, understanding circadian status of school-aged children is necessary due to its health implications. The aim was to develop 1) a protocol to assess circadian function in school-aged children by combining the best non-invasive tools previously validated in adults; 2) a score to capture circadian function in children including food timing. This protocol will allow to explore gender differences and to compare the circadian function of school-aged children with adults from the same Mediterranean area...
March 21, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609703/diagnostic-and-treatment-challenges-of-sighted-non-24-hour-sleep-wake-disorder
#10
Roneil G Malkani, Sabra M Abbott, Kathryn J Reid, Phyllis C Zee
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To report the diagnostic and treatment challenges of sighted non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder (N24SWD). METHODS: We report a series of seven sighted patients with N24SWD clinically evaluated by history and sleep diaries, and when available wrist actigraphy and salivary melatonin levels, and treated with timed melatonin and bright light therapy. RESULTS: Most patients had a history of a delayed sleep-wake pattern prior to developing N24SWD...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601370/associations-of-vitamin-d-intake-and-sleep-quality-with-cognitive-dysfunction-in-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#11
Eun Kyeung Song, Jia-Rong Wu
BACKGROUND: Low vitamin D intake and poor sleep quality are independently associated with cognitive dysfunction in healthy older adults. However, the relationships among vitamin D intake, sleep quality, and cognitive dysfunction are unknown in older adults with heart failure (HF). PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationships of vitamin D intake and sleep quality with cognitive dysfunction in older adults with HF. METHODS: A total of 160 older adults with HF completed the Mini-Mental State Examination to assess cognitive function...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587729/comparing-the-efficacy-of-targeted-spinal-cord-stimulation-scs-of-the-dorsal-root-ganglion-with-conventional-medical-management-cmm-in-patients-with-chronic-post-surgical-inguinal-pain-the-smashing-trial
#12
Frederique M U Mol, Rudi M Roumen, Marc R Scheltinga
BACKGROUND: A significant number of patients who undergo a standard inguinal hernia repair or a Pfannenstiel incision develop chronic (> 3 months) post-surgical inguinal pain (PSIP) due to nerve entrapment. If medication or peripheral nerve blocks fail, surgery including neurectomies may offer relief. However, some patients do not respond to any of the currently available remedial treatment modalities. Targeted spinal cord stimulation (SCS) of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) is a relatively new type of therapy that has a potential to significantly reduce chronic PSIP...
March 27, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581089/evaluation-of-an-internet-based-behavioral-intervention-to-improve-psychosocial-health-outcomes-in-children-with-insomnia-better-nights-better-days-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Penny V Corkum, Graham J Reid, Wendy A Hall, Roger Godbout, Robyn Stremler, Shelly K Weiss, Reut Gruber, Manisha Witmans, Christine T Chambers, Esmot Ara Begum, Pantelis Andreou, Gabrielle Rigney
BACKGROUND: Up to 25% of 1- to 10-year-old children experience insomnia (ie, resisting bedtime, trouble falling asleep, night awakenings, and waking too early in the morning). Insomnia can be associated with excessive daytime sleepiness and negative effects on daytime functioning across multiple domains (eg, behavior, mood, attention, and learning). Despite robust evidence supporting the effectiveness of behavioral treatments for insomnia in children, very few children with insomnia receive these treatments, primarily due to a shortage of available treatment resources...
March 26, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574972/development-of-a-new-patient-reported-outcome-pro-measure-on-the-impact-of-nighttime-urination-intu-in-patients-with-nocturia-psychometric-validation
#14
Jason B Bennett, Kristin Khalaf Gillard, Benjamin Banderas, Steven Abrams, Linda Cheng, Seymour Fein
AIMS: To psychometrically evaluate the Impact of Nighttime Urination (INTU) questionnaire, a new patient-reported outcome measure developed to assess the impact of nocturia on health and functioning in a multicenter, behavioral modification (fluid restriction) study. METHODS: Participants aged 50-95 years with at least two voiding episodes/night for ≥6 months completed voiding diaries and the INTU on 3 consecutive days during weeks 1 and 2 (same day recall) and completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Nocturia Quality of Life Questionnaire (N-QOL) at baseline and days 8 and 15...
March 25, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562969/equivalence-testing-as-a-tool-for-fatigue-risk-management-in-aviation
#15
Lora J Wu, Philippa H Gander, Margo van den Berg, T Leigh Signal
BACKGROUND: Many civilian aviation regulators favor evidence-based strategies that go beyond hours-of-service approaches for managing fatigue risk. Several countries now allow operations to be flown outside of flight and duty hour limitations, provided airlines demonstrate an alternative method of compliance that yields safety levels "at least equivalent to" the prescriptive regulations. Here we discuss equivalence testing in occupational fatigue risk management. We present suggested ratios/margins of practical equivalence when comparing operations inside and outside of prescriptive regulations for two common aviation safety performance indicators: total in-flight sleep duration and psychomotor vigilance task reaction speed...
April 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562923/patterns-of-health-behaviour-associated-with-active-travel-a-compositional-data-analysis
#16
Louise Foley, Dorothea Dumuid, Andrew J Atkin, Timothy Olds, David Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Active travel (walking or cycling for transport) is associated with favourable health outcomes in adults. However, little is known about the concurrent patterns of health behaviour associated with active travel. We used compositional data analysis to explore differences in how people doing some active travel used their time compared to those doing no active travel, incorporating physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data from the 2014/15 United Kingdom Harmonised European Time Use Survey...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555135/covariation-in-couples-nightly-sleep-and-gender-differences
#17
Soomi Lee, Lynn M Martire, Sarah A Damaske, Jacqueline A Mogle, Ruixue Zhaoyang, David M Almeida, Orfeu M Buxton
OBJECTIVES: For most partnered adults, sleep is not an individual-level behavior-it is a shared health behavior with a partner. This study examined whether perceived nightly sleep duration and sleep quality covaried within couples and whether the unique influence of partner sleep on individual sleep differed by gender. DESIGN: Eight consecutive days of diary data. PARTICIPANTS: US hotel employees and their spouses/partners (N=76 from 38 couples, 600 daily observations)...
April 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544817/dissociated-resting-state-functional-networks-between-the-dream-recall-frequency-and-rem-sleep-percentage
#18
Qihong Zou, Shuqin Zhou, Jing Xu, Zihui Su, Yuezhen Li, Yundong Ma, Hongqiang Sun, Changwei W Wu, Jia-Hong Gao
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep has been frequently associated with dreaming. However, mounting evidence obtained from behavioral, pharmacological, and brain imaging studies suggests that REM sleep is not indicative of the dream report and may originate from diverse neural substrates in brain functionality. The aim of the current study was to investigate the functional systems associated with inter-individual differences in dream recall and REM sleep through assessments of the resting-state functional connectivity...
March 12, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536428/culturally-adapted-cbti-for-chinese-insomnia-patients-a-one-arm-pilot-trial
#19
Yoann Birling, Jian Wang, Guixia Li, Enlai Wu, Zhidan Yu, Yunshu Feng, Yuting Wu
PURPOSE: Insomnia is a common mental disorder with severe consequences. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) has been proved effective against insomnia, but most of the research is limited to Western countries. This trial objective is to develop a Chinese culture-adapted CBTI program and assess its efficacy. METHOD: An 8-week culturally adapted CBTI program was developed that included mixed group and individual session and culturally adapted relaxation and cognitive restructuring treatment components...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532199/temporal-relationship-between-daily-pain-and-actigraphy-sleep-patterns-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease
#20
Karin Fisher, Andrea M Laikin, Katianne M Howard Sharp, Catherine A Criddle, Tonya M Palermo, Cynthia W Karlson
Limited research is available on the relationship between objective sleep patterns and pain in children with SCD. Research in other chronic pain populations suggests that the effect of sleep disruption on pain may be stronger than the effect of pain on sleep that night. To examine the bi-directional relationship between objective sleep patterns and daily pain in a pediatric SCD sample. Participants were 30 African American children with SCD 8-18 years (13 ± 2.8 years; 66.7% female) with frequent pain...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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