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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081231/physical-activity-energy-expenditure-nutritional-habits-quality-of-sleep-and-stress-levels-in-shift-working-health-care-personnel
#1
Frederick Charles Roskoden, Janine Krüger, Lena Johanna Vogt, Simone Gärtner, Hans Joachim Hannich, Antje Steveling, Markus M Lerch, Ali A Aghdassi
BACKGROUND: Among health care personnel working regular hours or rotating shifts can affect parameters of general health and nutrition. We have investigated physical activity, sleep quality, metabolic activity and stress levels in health care workers from both groups. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 46 volunteer participants from the workforce of a University Medical Department of which 23 worked in rotating shifts (all nursing) and 21 non-shift regular hours (10 nursing, 13 clerical staff)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081034/the-effects-of-the-removal-of-electronic-devices-for-48-hours-on-sleep-in-elite-judo-athletes
#2
Ian C Dunican, David T Martin, Shona L Halson, Reid Reale, Brian Dawson, John Caldwell, Maddison J Jones, Peter R Eastwood
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of the removal of electronic devices (i.e., smartphones, etc.) for 48 hours on sleep quality and next-day athletic and cognitive performance in elite Judo athletes. PARTICIPANTS: Over 6 days and nights, 23 eliteAustralian Judo athletes were monitored while attending a camp at the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS). In 14 athletes all electronic devices were removed on days 3 & 4 (i.e. for 48 hours: the 'device-restricted group') while 9 were permitted to use their devices throughout the camp (the 'control group')...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072463/pilot-study-of-mobile-phone-technology-in-allergic-rhinitis-in-european-countries-the-mask-rhinitis-study
#3
J Bousquet, D P Caimmi, A Bedbrook, M Bewick, P W Hellings, P Devillier, S Arnavielhe, C Bachert, K C Bergmann, G W Canonica, N Chavannes, A A Cruz, R Dahl, P Demoly, G De Vries, E Mathieu-Dupas, A Fink Wagner, J Fonseca, N Guldemond, T Haahtela, B Hellqvist-Dahl, J Just, T Keil, L Klimek, M L Kowalski, M Kuitunen, P Kuna, V Kvedariene, D Laune, A M Pereira, P Carreiro-Martins, E Melén, M Morais-Almeida, J Mullol, A Muraro, R Murray, L Nogueira-Silva, N G Papadopoulos, G Passalacqua, F Portejoie, D Price, D Ryan, B Samolinski, A Sheikh, V Siroux, O Spranger, A Todo Bom, P V Tomazic, A Valero, E Valovirta, A Valiulis, O VandenPlas, S van der Meulen, M van Eerd, M Wickman, T Zuberbier
BACKGROUND: The use of Apps running on smartphones and tablets profoundly affects medicine. The MASK-rhinitis (MACVIA-ARIA Sentinel NetworK for allergic rhinitis) App (Allergy Diary) assesses allergic rhinitis symptoms, disease control and impact on patients' lives. It is freely available in 20 countries (iOS and Android platforms). AIMS: To assess in a pilot study whether (i) Allergy Diary users were able to properly provide baseline characteristics (ii) simple phenotypic characteristics based upon data captured by the Allergy Diary could be identified and (iii) information gathered by this study could suggest novel research questions...
January 10, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066802/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-children-s-sleep-wake-scale
#4
Monique K LeBourgeois, John R Harsh
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and psychometric evaluation of the Children's Sleep-Wake Scale (CSWS), a caregiver-report measure of behavioral sleep quality in 2- to 8-year-old children. DESIGN: Five studies using independent samples were completed to generate, refine, and finalize the item pool, as well as to confirm the factor structure and to assess the reliability and validity of the CSWS. SETTING: Field. MEASURES: CSWS, sleep diary, and actigraphy...
September 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034600/sleep-changes-without-medial-temporal-lobe-or-brain-cortical-changes-in-community-dwelling-individuals-with-subjective-cognitive-decline
#5
Mariella Lauriola, Roberto Esposito, Stefano Delli Pizzi, Massimiliano de Zambotti, Francesco Londrillo, Joel H Kramer, Gil D Rabinovici, Armando Tartaro
INTRODUCTION: Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is a risk factor for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer disease (AD). Although sleep has been shown to be altered in MCI and AD, little is known about sleep in SCD. METHODS: Seventy cognitively normal community-dwelling participants were classified as SCD (32) or controls (38) using the Subjective Cognitive Decline Questionnaire. Sleep was assessed using actigraphy and diaries. FreeSurfer was used for performing medial temporal lobes (MTLs) and brain cortical parcellation of 3T magnetic resonance images...
December 26, 2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029383/pilot-results-from-a-randomized-trial-in-men-comparing-alpha-adrenergic-antagonist-versus-behavior-and-exercise-for-nocturia-and-sleep
#6
Theodore M Johnson, Camille P Vaughan, Patricia S Goode, Donald L Bliwise, Alayne D Markland, Carrie Huisingh, David T Redden, Gerald McGwin, Rina Eisenstein, Joseph G Ouslander, Muta Issa, Kathryn L Burgio
PURPOSE: Nocturia and sleep problems are common in older adults. We developed and tested a novel intervention, multicomponent behavioral treatment and exercise therapy (M-BET), that may reduce nocturia and improve sleep in men. We compared reductions in nocturia and improvement in sleep in men with M-BET versus an active drug comparator (α-blocker) used alone or in combination (M-BET + α-blocker) METHODS: This randomized, controlled trial was conducted in the ambulatory setting in 2 US Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers in men at least 40 years of age with nocturia (defined as ≥2 nightly episodes)...
October 28, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029090/video-evidence-that-parenting-methods-predict-which-infants-develop-long-night-time-sleep-periods-by-three-months-of-age
#7
Ian St James-Roberts, Marion Roberts, Kimberly Hovish, Charlie Owen
: Aim To examine two hypotheses about the longitudinal relationship between night-time parenting behaviours in the first few postnatal weeks and infant night-time sleep-waking at five weeks, three months and six months of age in normal London home environments. BACKGROUND: Most western infants develop long night-time sleep periods by four months of age. However, around 20-30% of infants in many countries continue to sleep for short periods and cry out on waking in the night: the most common type of infant sleep behaviour problem...
December 28, 2016: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025539/group-vs-individual-treatment-for-acute-insomnia-a-pilot-study-evaluating-a-one-shot-treatment-strategy
#8
Pam Boullin, Christina Ellwood, Jason G Ellis
BACKGROUND: Despite undeniable evidence for the efficacy and effectiveness of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I), the potential for its widespread dissemination and implementation has yet to be realised. A suggested reason for this is that traditional CBT-I is considered too burdensome for deployment, in its current form, within the context of where it would be most beneficial-Primary Care. One strategy, aimed to address this, has been to develop briefer versions of CBT-I, whilst another has been to deliver CBT-I in a group format...
December 23, 2016: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013054/the-role-of-day-to-day-emotions-sleep-and-social-interactions-in-pediatric-anxiety-treatment
#9
Meredith L Wallace, Dana L McMakin, Patricia Z Tan, Dana Rosen, Erika E Forbes, Cecile D Ladouceur, Neal D Ryan, Greg J Siegle, Ronald E Dahl, Philip C Kendall, Anthony Mannarino, Jennifer S Silk
Do day-to-day emotions, social interactions, and sleep play a role in determining which anxious youth respond to supportive child-centered therapy (CCT) versus cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)? We explored whether measures of day-to-day functioning (captured through ecological momentary assessment, sleep diary, and actigraphy), along with clinical and demographic measures, were predictors or moderators of treatment outcome in 114 anxious youth randomized to CCT or CBT. We statistically combined individual moderators into a single, optimal composite moderator to characterize subgroups for which CCT or CBT may be preferable...
December 18, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008673/daily-antecedents-and-consequences-of-nightly-sleep
#10
Soomi Lee, Tori L Crain, Susan M McHale, David M Almeida, Orfeu M Buxton
Sleep can serve as both cause and consequence of individuals' everyday experiences. We built upon prior studies of the correlates of sleep, which have relied primarily on cross-sectional data, to examine the antecedents and consequences of sleep using a daily diary design. Specifically, we assessed the temporal sequence between nightly sleep and daily psychosocial stressors. Parents employed in a US information technology company (n = 102) completed eight consecutive daily diaries at both baseline and 1 year later...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995665/changes-in-sleep-duration-and-recreational-screen-time-among-canadians-1998-2010
#11
Judith A Leech
It is commonly claimed that sleep duration has declined in recent years - over a period coinciding with a marked increase in personal electronics and communications use. The aim of this study was to assess change in sleep duration among Canadians from 1998 to 2010, and examine any associations with non-work-related screen time. The analysis uses population-representative data from Statistics Canada's General Social Survey cycles of 1998 and 2010; the respective samples numbered 10 749 and 15 390 individuals...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995318/nausea-and-disturbed-sleep-as-predictors-of-cancer-related-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-multicenter-ncorp-study
#12
Anita R Peoples, Joseph A Roscoe, Robert C Block, Charles E Heckler, Julie L Ryan, Karen M Mustian, Michelle C Janelsins, Luke J Peppone, Dennis F Moore, Charlotte Coles, Karen L Hoelzer, Gary R Morrow, Ann M Dozier
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a prevalent and distressing side effect of cancer and its treatment that remains inadequately understood and poorly managed. A better understanding of the factors contributing to CRF could result in more effective strategies for the prevention and treatment of CRF. The objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence, severity, and potential predictors for the early onset of CRF after chemotherapy cycle 1 in breast cancer patients. METHODS: We report on a secondary data analysis of 548 female breast cancer patients from a phase III multi-center randomized controlled trial examining antiemetic efficacy...
December 20, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986636/sleep-duration-moderates-the-association-between-insula-activation-and-risky-decisions-under-stress-in-adolescents-and-adults
#13
Jessica Phuong Uy, Adriana Galván
Insufficient sleep has been associated with increased risk-taking and poor decision-making, enhanced physiological responses to stress, and attenuated anterior insula (AI) activity to risk. The AI has also been linked to risky decision-making under acute stress. However, it is yet unknown how naturalistic sleep habits affect risky decision-making and AI activity when individuals feel stressed. In the current study, a daily diary approach was used to document participants' daily stress. Adolescents and adults reported their recent sleep duration and completed two fMRI visits during which they performed a risky decision-making task: once each when they endorsed a high and low level of stress...
December 13, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986503/sleep-is-an-eye-opener-behavioral-causes-and-consequences-of-hypersomnolence-in-children
#14
REVIEW
Jocelyn H Thomas, Darcy E Burgers
The most common behavioral cause of hypersomnia in children is insufficient sleep. Behavioral causes of insufficient sleep for children, ages six months through 12 years, include inadequate sleep hygiene, bedtime struggles, prolonged sleep onset latency, nighttime fears, and nightmares. Behavioral interventions are efficacious and should be individualized to meet the needs of the child and family. Insufficient sleep affects many areas of child development, including academic, cognitive, and psychosocial, as well as parents and caregivers...
November 22, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981259/assessment-of-adherence-to-visual-correction-and-occlusion-therapy-in-the-infant-aphakia-treatment-study
#15
Carolyn Drews-Botsch, George Cotsonis, Marianne Celano, Scott R Lambert
Occlusion therapy throughout early childhood is believed to be efficacious in treating deprivation amblyopia but has not been rigorously assessed in clinical trials. Further, tools to assess adherence to such therapy over an extended period of time are lacking. Using data from the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study, a randomized clinical trial of treatment for unilateral congenital cataract, we examined the use of quarterly 48-hour recall interviews and annual 7-day prospective diaries to assess reported hours of patching in 114 children throughout the first 5 years of life...
August 15, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974953/habitual-sleep-deprivation-is-associated-with-%C3%A2-type-2-diabetes-a-case-control-study
#16
Mohammed A Al-Abri, Deepali Jaju, Sawsan Al-Sinani, Ali Al-Mamari, Sulayma Albarwani, Khalid Al-Resadi, Riyadh Bayoumi, Mohammed Hassan, Khamis Al-Hashmi
OBJECTIVES: It is suggested that a minimum of eight hours of sleep per night is needed for metabolism to work normally. The aim of the study was to determine the association of habitual sleep deprivation and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: We conducted a case-control study comparing patients with T2DM with age and sex matched healthy controls. Standard sleep questionnaires (the Berlin and Epworth Sleepiness Scale) and a weekly diary were used by patients to self-report habitual sleep...
November 2016: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969050/effect-of-nocturia-on-next-day-sedentary-activity-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Jonna L Morris, Susan M Sereika, Martin Houze, Eileen R Chasens
PURPOSE: Nocturia, a common cause of disturbed sleep quality and next-day fatigue, may contribute to difficulty with diabetes self-management. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect nocturia has on next-day subjectively measured mental and physical energy and objectively measured physical activity. METHODS: This secondary analysis utilized sleep diaries over one week which measured nocturia frequency and other sleep quality indicators (wake after sleep onset, sleep quality and sleep duration) along with next-day reports of mental and physical energy...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942734/the-impact-of-reduced-worktime-on-sleep-and-perceived-stress-a-group-randomized-intervention-study-using-diary-data
#18
Helena Schiller, Mats Lekander, Kristiina Rajaleid, Carina Hellgren, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Peter Barck-Holst, Göran Kecklund
Objective Insufficient time for recovery between workdays may cause fatigue and disturbed sleep. This study evaluated the impact of an intervention that reduced weekly working hours by 25% on sleep, sleepiness and perceived stress for employees within the public sector. Method Participating workplaces (N=33) were randomized into intervention and control groups. Participants (N=580, 76% women) worked full-time at baseline. The intervention group (N=354) reduced worktime to 75% with preserved salary during 18 months...
December 12, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928860/physical-activity-subjective-sleep-quality-and-time-in-bed-do-not-vary-by-moon-phase-in-german-adolescents
#19
Maia P Smith, Marie Standl, Holger Schulz, Joachim Heinrich
Lunar periodicity in human biology and behaviour, particularly sleep, has been reported. However, estimated relationships vary in direction (more or less sleep with full moon) if they exist at all, and studies tend to be so small that there is potential for confounding by weekly or monthly cycles. Lunar variation in physical activity has been posited as a driver of this relationship, but is likewise not well studied. We explore the association between lunar cycle, sleep and physical activity in a population-based sample of 1411 Germans age 14-17 years (46% male)...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923427/mid-treatment-sleep-duration-predicts-clinically-significant-knee-osteoarthritis-pain-reduction-at-6-months-effects-from-a-behavioral-sleep-medicine-clinical-trial
#20
Jessica K Salwen, Michael T Smith, Patrick H Finan
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the relative influence of sleep continuity (sleep efficiency, sleep onset latency, total sleep time, and wake after sleep onset) on clinical pain outcomes within a trial of CBT-I for patients with comorbid knee osteoarthritis and insomnia. METHODS: Secondary analyses were performed on data from 74 patients with comorbid insomnia and knee osteoarthritis who completed a randomized clinical trial of 8 session Multi-Component Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) versus an active behavioral desensitization control condition (BD), including a 6-month follow-up assessment...
November 13, 2016: Sleep
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