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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526251/asthma-related-lung-function-sleep-quality-and-sleep-duration-in-urban-children
#1
Daphne Koinis-Mitchell, Sheryl J Kopel, Ronald Seifer, Monique LeBourgeois, Elizabeth L McQuaid, Cynthia A Esteban, Julie Boergers, Jack Nassau, Michael Farrow, Gregory K Fritz, Robert B Klein
OBJECTIVES: Examine (1) the extent to which changes in objectively measured asthma-related lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 second) within a sleep period are associated with sleep quality and sleep duration during that sleep period in a group of urban children with persistent asthma, (2) associations between morning and evening asthma-related lung function and sleep quality and duration on the adjacent night, and (3) whether these associations differ by ethnic group. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multimethod approach...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525781/sleep-waves-and-recovery-from-drug-and-alcohol-dependence-towards-a-rhythm-analysis-of-sleep-in-residential-treatment
#2
Robert Meadows, Sarah Nettleton, Joanne Neale
This paper reports on a study of sleep amongst men and women who are living in residential rehabilitation centres in the UK and who are receiving support for their recovery from addiction to alcohol and other forms of substance use. Conceptually and methodologically, the paper draws on the work of the French sociologist Lefebvre and, in particular, his rhythmanalysis. We argue that this approach offers a useful way of exploring sleep in terms of biological, experiential, temporal, spatial and social rhythms...
May 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522079/sleep-duration-is-associated-with-increased-risk-for-cardiovascular-outcomes-a-pilot-study-in-a-sample-of-community-dwelling-adults-in%C3%A2-ghana
#3
Helen V Cole, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Juliet Iwelunmor, Valerie Newsome, Karlijn Meeks, Charles Agyemang, Girardin Jean-Louis
BACKGROUND: Associations between sleep duration and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors have been demonstrated in past studies. However, previous studies have not investigated these relationships using objective sleep measures in sub-Saharan Africa. Our objective was to investigate the association between sleep duration and cardiovascular risk factors in a sample of community-dwelling Ghanaian adults. METHODS: We used wrist actigraphy along with a seven-day sleep diary to measure sleep duration, wake after sleep onset, sleep latency, and sleep quality...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516396/body-sanctification-and-sleep-in-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-pilot-study
#4
Antonia T Kopp, Barbara A Chini, Sophia M Dimitriou, Daniel H Grossoehme
Imbuing one's body with divine significance is associated with health-protective behaviors. The purpose of this study was to determine whether adolescents with a life-shortening, chronic disease (cystic fibrosis) who sanctified their bodies also received adequate sleep. Data from Daily Phone Diaries and questionnaire replies from 45 adolescents with cystic fibrosis (ages 11-19 years) were analyzed. A significant relationship between body sanctification and sleep was found, with between-gender differences. Body sanctification is an understudied construct which is associated with healthy behaviors...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515842/casein-protein-supplementation-in-trained-men-and-women-morning-versus-evening
#5
Jose Antonio, Anya Ellerbroek, Corey Peacock, Tobin Silver
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of casein supplementation (54 grams) in the morning (Casein-MOR) or evening (Casein-EVE) (90 minutes or less prior to sleep) on measures of body composition and exercise performance in trained men and women. Twenty-six healthy men and women who had been training regularly for greater than 12 months completed this 8-week study (mean±SD; Casein-MOR group [n=14, seven male, seven female]: 30.0±8.2 yr; 170.7±9.5 cm; 70.9±13.9 kg. Casein-EVE group [n=12, nine male, three female]: 28...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511588/an-evening-milk-drink-can-affect-word-recall-in-indonesian-children-with-decreased-sleep-efficiency-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Rini Sekartini, Dian Novita Chandra, Tiana Arsianti, Saptawati Bardosono, Tjhin Wiguna, Anne Schaafsma
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep is important for memory consolidation in children. This study intended to find out whether an evening milk-based drink could influence sleep efficiency and memory recall in a group of Indonesian children (5-6 years old) with sleep deprivation. METHODS: Children were randomly allocated to one of three interventions: Reference product, satiety-stimulating product, and a relaxing product. The intervention lasted for 6 weeks and children consumed two servings per day of each 200 ml, the serving in the morning being the same for all children...
May 16, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509814/validity-cut-points-and-minimally-important-differences-for-two-hot-flash-related-daily-interference-scales
#7
Janet S Carpenter, Giorgos Bakoyannis, Julie L Otte, Chen X Chen, Kevin L Rand, Nancy Woods, Katherine Newton, Hadine Joffe, JoAnn E Manson, Ellen W Freeman, Katherine A Guthrie
OBJECTIVES: To conduct psychometric analyses to condense the Hot Flash-Related Daily Interference Scale (HFRDIS) into a shorter form termed the Hot Flash Interference (HFI) scale; evaluate cut-points for both scales; and establish minimally important differences (MIDs) for both scales. METHODS: We analyzed baseline and postrandomization patient-reported data pooled across three randomized trials aimed at reducing vasomotor symptoms (VMS) in 899 midlife women. Trials were conducted across five MsFLASH clinical sites between July 2009 and October 2012...
May 15, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500965/resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-primary-insomnia-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-controls
#8
Edward F Pace-Schott, Jared P Zimmerman, Ryan M Bottary, Erik G Lee, Mohammed R Milad, Joan A Camprodon
Sleep abnormalities are extremely common in anxiety disorders and may contribute to their development and persistence. Their shared pathophysiological mechanisms could thus serve as biomarkers or targets for novel therapeutics. Individuals with Primary Insomnia were age- and sex-matched to controls and to persons with Generalized Anxiety Disorder. All underwent fMRI resting-state scans at 3-T. In Primary Insomnia and controls, sleep was recorded for 2 weeks using diaries and actigraphy. All participants completed state-anxiety and neuroticism inventories...
May 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489508/tai-chi-chih-compared-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-insomnia-in-survivors-of-breast-cancer-a-randomized-partially-blinded-noninferiority-trial
#9
Michael R Irwin, Richard Olmstead, Carmen Carrillo, Nina Sadeghi, Perry Nicassio, Patricia A Ganz, Julienne E Bower
Purpose Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) and Tai Chi Chih (TCC), a movement meditation, improve insomnia symptoms. Here, we evaluated whether TCC is noninferior to CBT-I for the treatment of insomnia in survivors of breast cancer. Patients and Methods This was a randomized, partially blinded, noninferiority trial that involved survivors of breast cancer with insomnia who were recruited from the Los Angeles community from April 2008 to July 2012. After a 2-month phase-in period with repeated baseline assessment, participants were randomly assigned to 3 months of CBT-I or TCC and evaluated at months 2, 3 (post-treatment), 6, and 15 (follow-up)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488943/effect-of-blue-blocking-glasses-in-major-depressive-disorder-with-sleep-onset-insomnia-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#10
Yuichi Esaki, Tsuyoshi Kitajima, Ippei Takeuchi, Soji Tsuboi, Osamu Furukawa, Masatsugu Moriwaki, Kiyoshi Fujita, Nakao Iwata
Blue wavelengths form the portion of the visible electromagnetic spectrum that most potently regulates circadian rhythm. We hypothesized that wearing blue-blocking (BB) glasses in the evening may influence circadian rhythm disturbances in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), resulting in improved sleep and mood. We used a randomized placebo-controlled double-blinded design. Patients with MDD with sleep onset insomnia were randomly assigned to wearing either BB glasses or clear glasses (placebo). Patients were instructed to wear the glasses from 20:00 hours until bedtime for 2 weeks...
May 10, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479240/fesoterodine-for-the-treatment-of-nocturnal-urgency-in-patients-with-overactive-bladder-syndrome-an-analysis-of-responders-and-non-responders
#11
Johnathan A Khusid, Jeffrey P Weiss, Martin O Carlsson, Erin K Mangan
PURPOSE: A recent study demonstrated improvement of nocturnal urgency in patients with overactive bladder (OAB) when treated with fesoterodine. The current study aims to determine which bladder diary parameters predict response to fesoterodine in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with nocturnal urgency completed a 2-week, single-blind, placebo run-in, followed by 1:1 double-blind randomization to 12 weeks of fesoterodine or placebo. We analysed changes from baseline to week 12 of bladder diary parameters including actual number night voids (ANV, total # nocturia episodes), maximum voided volume (MVV), nocturnal bladder capacity (NBC), nocturnal bladder capacity index (NBCi = ANV- NUV/MVV-1), nocturnal urine volume (NUV), nocturia index (Ni = NUV/MVV), nocturnal polyuria index and (NPi = NUV/24 hour volume)...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479021/what-keeps-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-awake-at-night
#12
Moya Vandeleur, Lisa M Walter, David S Armstrong, Philip Robinson, Gillian M Nixon, Rosemary S C Horne
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is common in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) however there are limited studies investigating the causes for poor sleep quality. In a cross sectional observational study we aimed to evaluate the clinical correlates of sleep disturbance in this population. METHODS: Children with CF (7-18years) free from pulmonary exacerbation completed medical review, overnight oximetry, the OSA-18 and 14days of actigraphy recordings with a sleep diary...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472875/comparison-between-actigraphy-and-parental-reporting-for-sleep-assessment-in-hospitalized-infants
#13
Simone Ceratto, Paola Dalmasso, Roberto Miniero, Luca Cordero di Montezemolo, Francesco Savino
BACKGROUND: To compare data obtained through actigraphy with data from parental diaries to evaluate their concordance. METHODS: We enrolled 55 hospitalized infants aged 1-12 months with a gestational age higher than 35 weeks and without sleep disorders, complications due to perinatal events or movement deficits. They were monitored using both methods for 24 hours. Total diurnal and nocturnal sleep times and the numbers of awakenings were evaluated. Actigraph data were analyzed with Sadeh's algorithm...
May 4, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472528/internet-and-in-person-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-in-military-personnel-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Daniel J Taylor, Alan L Peterson, Kristi E Pruiksma, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Karin Nicholson, Jim Mintz
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Compare in-person and unguided Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTi) with a minimal contact control condition in military personnel. METHODS: A 3-arm parallel randomized clinical trial of 100 active duty US Army personnel at Fort Hood, Texas. Internet and in-person CBTi were comparable, except for the delivery format. The control condition consisted of phone call assessments. RESULTS: Internet and in-person CBTi both performed significantly better than the control condition on diary-assessed sleep efficiency (d = 0...
May 4, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463015/effectiveness-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-cbt-i-in-a-primary-care-setting
#15
Judith R Davidson, Samantha Dawson, Adrijana Krsmanovic
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Primary care is where many patients with insomnia first ask for professional help. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is the recommended treatment for chronic insomnia. Although CBT-I's efficacy is well established, its effectiveness in real-life primary care has seldom been investigated. We examined the effectiveness of CBT-I as routinely delivered in a Canadian primary care setting. PARTICIPANTS: The patients were 70 women and 11 men (mean age = 57...
May 2, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449907/reciprocal-dynamics-between-self-rated-sleep-and-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-young-adult-women-a-14-day-diary-study
#16
David A Kalmbach, J Todd Arnedt, Leslie M Swanson, Jesica L Rapier, Jeffrey A Ciesla
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to characterize the day-to-day associations among sleep disturbance, depression, and anxiety in a sample of young adult women. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-one women (20.1 ± 3.3 years) completed in-laboratory baseline assessment followed by daily online surveys across a two-week period. Daily measures included the Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire-Short Form to assess shared and disorder-specific symptoms of depression and anxiety (general distress, anhedonic depression, and anxious arousal), as well as self-reported total sleep time (TST), sleep-onset latency (SOL), and sleep quality (SQ)...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449888/increasing-presurgery-sleep-reduces-postsurgery-pain-and-analgesic-use-following-joint-replacement-a-feasibility-study
#17
Timothy A Roehrs, Thomas Roth
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine whether presurgery sleep extension in short-sleeping volunteers scheduled for total knee/hip replacement surgery would reduce postsurgery pain and analgesic use. METHODS: Eighteen short sleepers, defined by sleep times below the national mean (ie, ≤7 h) nightly, were randomized to one week of a 2-h nightly extension of their time in bed (EXT) or maintenance of their habitual time in bed (HAB) prior to knee or hip replacement surgery...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445790/improving-insomnia-in-primary-care-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-nurse-led-group-treatment
#18
Christina Sandlund, Jerker Hetta, Gunnar H Nilsson, Mirjam Ekstedt, Jeanette Westman
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a common health problem, and most people who seek help for insomnia consult primary care. In primary care, insomnia treatment typically consists of hypnotic drugs, although cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia is the recommended treatment. However, such treatment is currently available to few primary care patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a group treatment program for insomnia led by nurses in primary care. OUTCOMES: were the Insomnia Severity Index, a 2-week sleep diary, and a questionnaire on frequency of hypnotic drug use...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437294/sleep-detriments-associated-with-quick-returns-in-rotating-shift-work-a-diary-study
#19
Øystein Vedaa, Erik Mørland, Marit Larsen, Anette Harris, Eilin Erevik, Børge Sivertsen, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Siri Waage, Ståle Pallesen
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compared sleep characteristics associated with quick returns (QRs, <11 hours between shift intervals) with those associated with other common shift transitions. METHODS: Sixty-seven nurses completed a 2-week work and sleep diary (94.0% female, mean age 47.7 years). A multilevel fixed effects model was used to examine the sleep in QRs compared with two consecutive night shifts, two consecutive evening shifts, and two consecutive day shifts, respectively...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436283/trigger-factors-in-childhood-migraine-a-prospective-clinic-based-study-from-north-of-france
#20
Lise Solotareff, Jean-Christophe Cuvellier, Alain Duhamel, Louis Vallée, Sylvie Nguyen The Tich
The objective was to study the prevalence and characterization of pediatric migraine triggers and to compare results to this retrospective study. A total of 101 pediatric patients with ICHD-II migraine with and/or without aura were instructed to prospectively complete a diary dealing with attacks triggers for a 3-month period. Each subject reported at least 1 trigger (range: 1-14) with a total number of 532 attacks and a median per subject of 3. Lack of sleep (51.4%), stress (44.6%), warm climate (41.9%), noise (32...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
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