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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902836/effect-of-a-web-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-insomnia-intervention-with-1-year-follow-up-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Lee M Ritterband, Frances P Thorndike, Karen S Ingersoll, Holly R Lord, Linda Gonder-Frederick, Christina Frederick, Mark S Quigg, Wendy F Cohn, Charles M Morin
Importance: Although cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) has been established as the first-line recommendation for the millions of adults with chronic insomnia, there is a paucity of trained clinicians to deliver this much needed treatment. Internet-delivered CBT-I has shown promise as a method to overcome this obstacle; however, the long-term effectiveness has not been proven in a representative sample with chronic insomnia. Objective: To evaluate a web-based, automated CBT-I intervention to improve insomnia in the short term (9 weeks) and long term (1 year)...
November 30, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899714/parental-sleep-quality-and-behavior-problems-of-children-with-autism
#2
Iulia Mihaila, Sigan L Hartley
This study explored the impact of parental sleep quality on the experience of behavior problems by children with autism spectrum disorder. A 14-day daily diary was used in a sample of 176 mother-father couples. Dyadic multilevel models were conducted to examine the between-person and within-person effects of previous-night sleep quality on parents' rating of level of behavior problems by the child with autism spectrum disorder and level of positive and negative affect. Results indicated that persistently poor sleep quality was associated with between-person differences in initial rating of level of behavior problems by the child with autism spectrum disorder for mothers...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891657/sleep-differences-in-one-year-old-children-were-related-to-obesity-risks-based-on-their-parents-weight-according-to-baseline-longitudinal-study-data
#3
Mirjam Ekstedt, Mojgan Haji Seyed Ebrahim Darkeh, Lijuan Xiu, Michaela Forssén, Elin Johansson, Anna Ek, Viktoria Svensson, Kerstin Ekbom, Claude Marcus
AIM: Parental obesity is the predominant risk factor for child obesity. We compared sleep in one-year-old children with different obesity risks, based on parental weight, and explored associations with weight, parental sleep and family factors. METHODS: Baseline data from 167 families participating in a longitudinal obesity prevention programme was used. Sleep patterns were compared between groups with high and low obesity risks, based on parental weight, and associations between child sleep and weight status, family obesity risk and parental sleep were explored...
November 7, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891255/comparison-of-subjective-and-objective-sleep-estimations-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-and-healthy-control-subjects
#4
Philipp S Ritter, Cathrin Sauer, Steffi Pfeiffer, Michael Bauer, Andrea Pfennig
Background. Several studies have described but not formally tested discrepancies between subjective and objective measures of sleep. Study Objectives. To test the hypothesis that patients with bipolar disorder display a systematic bias to underestimate sleep duration and overestimate sleep latency. Methods. Actimetry was used to assess sleep latency and duration in 49 euthymic participants (bipolar = 21; healthy controls = 28) for 5-7 days. Participants simultaneously recorded estimated sleep duration and sleep latency on a daily basis via an online sleep diary...
2016: Sleep Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886073/effect-of-six-month-diet-intervention-on-sleep-among-overweight-and-obese-men-with-chronic-insomnia-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Xiao Tan, Markku Alén, Kun Wang, Jarkko Tenhunen, Petri Wiklund, Markku Partinen, Sulin Cheng
Growing evidence suggests that diet alteration affects sleep, but this has not yet been studied in adults with insomnia symptoms. We aimed to determine the effect of a six-month diet intervention on sleep among overweight and obese (Body mass index, BMI ≥ 25 kg/m²) men with chronic insomnia symptoms. Forty-nine men aged 30-65 years with chronic insomnia symptoms were randomized into diet (n = 28) or control (n = 21) groups. The diet group underwent a six-month individualized diet intervention with three face-to-face counseling sessions and online supervision 1-3 times per week; 300-500 kcal/day less energy intake and optimized nutrient composition were recommended...
November 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886007/sleep-wake-profile-in-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-alzheimer-s-disease-and-normal-aging
#6
Annachiara Cagnin, Federica Fragiacomo, Giulia Camporese, Matteo Turco, Cinzia Bussè, Mario Ermani, Sara Montagnese
BACKGROUND: Alterations of the sleep-wake cycle are common features of neurodegenerative dementia. OBJECTIVES: To study differences in sleep-wake profiles in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and healthy controls. METHODS: 30 DLB and 32 AD patients, and 33 healthy elderly participants were studied. Patients were evaluated for global cognitive impairment, extrapyramidal signs, fluctuations of attention, and behavioral disorders...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884398/slow-paced-respiration-therapy-to-treat-symptoms-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#7
Lea Ann Matura, Jamison Fargo, Jason S Fritz, Kerri A Smith, Anjali Vaidya, Diane Pinder, Christine Archer-Chicko, Harold I Palevsky, Allan I Pack, Marilyn S Sommers, Steven M Kawut
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of using slow-paced respiration therapy to treat symptoms in women with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). BACKGROUND: People with PAH report increased dyspnea, fatigue and sleep disturbance that can impair health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: Ten women with PAH received 8-weeks of daily, 15 min sessions using slow-paced respiration therapy via the RESPeRATE™ device. Participants had baseline and follow up assessments including plasma norepinephrine and interleukin-6 (IL-6), self-report questionnaires to measure dyspnea, fatigue, depressive symptoms, sleep and HRQOL along with 7-day actigraphy and sleep diaries...
November 21, 2016: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861827/women-living-together-have-a-higher-frequency-of-menstrual-migraine
#8
Karen S Ferreira, Gisela Guilherme, Viviane R Faria, Larissa M Borges, Angel A T Uchiyama
BACKGROUND: Menstrual migraine is a highly prevalent disorder among adult women, resulting in disability and loss of quality of life. Some studies have reported menstrual cycle synchrony among women living together. No study has reported whether there may also be a higher prevalence of menstrual migraine among these women. Thus, they reported here the prevalence of menstrual migraine in a group of women living together compared with a control group of women living alone, and discussed the possible factors involved...
November 10, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853547/perceptual-impairment-in-face-identification-with-poor-sleep
#9
Louise Beattie, Darragh Walsh, Jessica McLaren, Stephany M Biello, David White
Previous studies have shown impaired memory for faces following restricted sleep. However, it is not known whether lack of sleep impairs performance on face identification tasks that do not rely on recognition memory, despite these tasks being more prevalent in security and forensic professions-for example, in photo-ID checks at national borders. Here we tested whether poor sleep affects accuracy on a standard test of face-matching ability that does not place demands on memory: the Glasgow Face-Matching Task (GFMT)...
October 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849113/late-night-exercise-affects-the-autonomic-nervous-system-activity-but-not-the-hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal-axis-in-the-next-morning
#10
Cihat Ucar, Tuba Özgöçer, Sedat Yildiz
BACKGROUND: Exercise activates hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) and autonomic nervous system (ANS) and generally causes beneficial changes in homeostatic balance. However, the health benefits of late-night exercise programs on the activity of HPA and ANS is not known. The aim of this study was to assess effects of late-night exercise on sleep quality and on the activities of the HPA axis (as cortisol awakening response, CAR) and the ANS (as heart rate variability, HRV) measurements in the following morning...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844327/relationships-between-sleep-quality-and-pain-related-factors-for-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-tests-of-reciprocal-and-time-of-day-effects
#11
James I Gerhart, John W Burns, Kristina M Post, David A Smith, Laura S Porter, Helen J Burgess, Erik Schuster, Asokumar Buvanendran, Anne Marie Fras, Francis J Keefe
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality among people with chronic low back pain appears to be related to worse pain, affect, poor physical function, and pain catastrophizing. The causal direction between poor sleep and pain remains an open question, however, as does whether sleep quality exerts effects on low back pain differently across the course of the day. PURPOSE: This daily diary study examined lagged temporal associations between prior night sleep quality and subsequent day pain, affect, physical function and pain catastrophizing, the reverse lagged temporal associations between prior day pain-related factors and subsequent night sleep quality, and whether the time of day during which an assessment was made moderated these temporal associations...
November 14, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835722/effects-of-adjunctive-brexpiprazole-on-sleep-disturbances-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-an-open-label-flexible-dose-exploratory-study
#12
Andrew D Krystal, Aurélia Mittoux, Peter Meisels, Ross A Baker
Background: Brexpiprazole is a serotonin-dopamine activity modulator. We evaluated the effects of adjunctive treatment with brexpiprazole on sleep disturbances in patients with DSM-IV-TR major depressive disorder (MDD) and inadequate response to antidepressant treatment. Methods: This study was conducted between September 27, 2013, and August 19, 2014. Patients with inadequate response to antidepressant treatment and sleep disturbances continued treatment with their current antidepressant for 2 weeks...
September 8, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823703/effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-home-based-sleep-among-overweight-and-obese-men-with-chronic-insomnia-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Xiao Tan, Markku Alén, Petri Wiklund, Markku Partinen, Sulin Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a six-month aerobic exercise program on home-based sleep quality among overweight and obese men with chronic insomnia symptoms. METHODS: Participants were 45 Finnish men (93% had body mass index ≥25) aged 30-65 years, with chronic (≥3 months) insomnia symptoms as classified by the DSM-IV criteria. Participants were randomized into an exercise (n = 24) or control group (n = 21). The exercise group received six-month aerobic exercise intervention with one to five sessions per week of 30-60 minutes duration...
September 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816011/sleep-alertness-and-alertness-management-among-commercial-airline-pilots-on-short-haul-and-long-haul-flights
#14
Mikael Sallinen, Maria Sihvola, Sampsa Puttonen, Kimmo Ketola, Antti Tuori, Mikko Härmä, Göran Kecklund, Torbjörn Åkerstedt
Airline pilots' sleep and on-duty alertness are important focus areas in commercial aviation. Until now, studies pertaining to this topic have mainly focused on specific characteristics of flights and thus a comprehensive picture of the matter is not well established. In addition, research knowledge of what airline pilots actually do to maintain their alertness while being on duty is scarce. To address these gaps in research knowledge, we conducted a field study on a representative sample of the airline pilots of a medium-sized airline...
November 2, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814342/background-media-exposure-prolongs-nighttime-sleep-latency-in-thai-infants
#15
Weerasak Chonchaiya, Tanaporn Wilaisakditipakorn, Nakul Vijakkhana, Chandhita Pruksananonda
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effect of screen time and sleep at a younger age on current sleep outcome in infants. We therefore examined whether sleep parameter at a younger age and daily exposure of electronic media could predict sleep outcomes in 12-month-old Thai infants. METHODS: There were 208 typically developing infants enrolled since 6 months old. Each main caregiver completed a sleep diary and was interviewed for the infant's screen exposure at 6 and 12 months of age...
November 4, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810705/the-impact-of-daily-and-trait-loneliness-on-diurnal-cortisol-and-sleep-among-children-affected-by-parental-hiv-aids
#16
Samuele Zilioli, Richard B Slatcher, Peilian Chi, Xiaoming Li, Junfeng Zhao, Guoxiang Zhao
Dysregulation of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis and disruptions of restorative processes (e.g., sleep) have been proposed as two key mechanisms through which loneliness leads to medical morbidity in adults and late adolescents. Whether loneliness acts through these biological and behavioral intermediaries in children as well remains unexplored. In a sample of 645 children aged 8-15 affected by parental HIV/AIDS in rural China, trait and state (i.e., daily) loneliness were measured in a 3-day diary study, wherein participants also provided cortisol samples and sleep measures...
January 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810189/day-to-day-relations-between-stress-and-sleep-and-the-mediating-role-of-perseverative-cognition
#17
Michelle Van Laethem, Debby G J Beckers, Madelon L M van Hooff, Ap Dijksterhuis, Sabine A E Geurts
OBJECTIVE: The goals of this longitudinal diary-based study were to shed light on the day-level relationship between stress and subsequent sleep, and to examine whether perseverative cognition is a mediating factor in this relation. METHODS: A total of 44 Dutch PhD students were followed during a two-month period, from one month before their public thesis defense (ie, a stressful life event), until one month thereafter. Participants completed short evening and morning questionnaires on eight occasions (in anticipation of and following the defense), including questions about day-level stress, sleep quality, and perseverative cognition...
August 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804203/experiences-of-wake-and-light-therapy-in-patients-with-depression-a-qualitative-study
#18
Mette Kragh, Dorthe Norden Møller, Camilla Schultz Wihlborg, Klaus Martiny, Erik Roj Larsen, Poul Videbech, Tove Lindhardt
Wake therapy can reduce depressive symptoms within days, and response rates are high. To sustain the effect, it is often combined with light therapy. Few studies have focussed on factors related to patients' adherence to the regime, and none has used qualitative methods to examine their experience of these combined interventions. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to illuminate patients' experiences with wake and light therapy and factors related to adherence. Thirteen inpatients with depression were included...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795550/circadian-timing-and-alignment-in-healthy-adults-associations-with-bmi-body-fat-caloric-intake-and-physical-activity
#19
K G Baron, K J Reid, T Kim, L Van Horn, H Attarian, L Wolfe, J Siddique, G Santostasi, P C Zee
INTRODUCTION: Disruption of circadian rhythms is one of the proposed mechanisms linking late sleep timing to obesity risk but few studies have evaluated biological markers outside of the laboratory. The goal of this study was to determine the relationship between the timing and alignment of melatonin and sleep onset (phase angle) with BMI, body fat and obesity related behaviors. We hypothesized that circadian alignment (relationship of melatonin to sleep timing) rather than circadian (melatonin) timing would be associated with higher BMI, body fat, dietary intake and lower physical activity...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784416/a-randomized-crossover-trial-of-a-novel-sound-to-sleep-mattress-technology-in-children-with-autism-and-sleep-difficulties
#20
Thomas W Frazier, Jyoti Krishna, Eric Klingemier, Mary Beukemann, Rawan Nawabit, Sally Ibrahim
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This preliminary study investigated the tolerability and efficacy of a novel mattress technology - the Sound-To-Sleep (STS) system - in the treatment of sleep problems in children with autism. METHODS: After screening, 45 children, ages 2.5 to 12.9 years, were randomized to order of mattress technology use (On-Off vs. Off-On). Treatment conditions (On vs. Off) lasted two weeks with immediate crossover. Tolerability, including study discontinuation and parent-report of mattress tolerance and ease of use, was tracked throughout the study...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
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