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sleep diary

Matthew Blake, Joanna M Waloszek, Orli Schwartz, Monika Raniti, Julian G Simmons, Laura Blake, Greg Murray, Ronald E Dahl, Richard Bootzin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
Objective: Sleep problems are a major risk factor for the emergence of mental health problems in adolescence. The aim of this study was to investigate the post intervention effects of a cognitive-behavioral/mindfulness-based group sleep intervention on sleep and mental health among at-risk adolescents. Method: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted across High schools in Melbourne, Australia. One hundred forty-four adolescents (aged 12-17 years) with high levels of anxiety and sleeping difficulties, but without past or current depressive disorder, were randomized into either a sleep improvement intervention or an active control 'study skills' intervention...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Q L Huang, D Gao, F G Yue, C G Jiang, T Zhang, L Lei
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of Bailemian capsule combined with self-help cognitive behavioral therapy (CBTI-SH) in treatment of chronic insomnia. Methods: Approved by the Ethics Committee of the hospital, 60 patients with chronic insomnia were randomly divided into two groups, the test group (Bailemian capsule combined with CBTI-SH) and the control group (CBTI-SH alone). Each group contained 30 cases. After 4 weeks for therapy, the sleep quality, mood and adverse reactions of treatment in patients were evaluated by sleep diary, sleep severity index scale (ISI), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), self-rating depression scale (SDS) and treatment emergent symptom scale (TESS) respectively...
September 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Anna G Mirer, Terry Young, Mari Palta, Ruth M Benca, Amanda Rasmuson, Paul E Peppard
OBJECTIVE: Menopause is widely believed to be an established cause of sleep disorders, but evidence for this theory is inconclusive. Attributing any sleep problem to normal processes of menopause may lead to underdiagnosis of treatable sleep disorders in midlife women. This study uses detailed longitudinal data on sleep and menopausal health from participants in the Sleep in Midlife Women Study to investigate whether risk and severity of sleep-disordered breathing increase with progression through menopause, accounting for changes in age and body habitus...
October 10, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Annette van Maanen, Anne Marie Meijer, Marcel G Smits, Kristiaan B van der Heijden, Frans J Oort
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Chronic sleep onset insomnia with late melatonin onset is prevalent in childhood, and has negative daytime consequences. Melatonin treatment is known to be effective in treating these sleep problems. Bright light therapy might be an alternative treatment, with potential advantages over melatonin treatment. In this study, we compare the effects of melatonin and bright light treatment with a placebo condition in children with chronic sleep onset insomnia and late melatonin onset...
October 10, 2016: Sleep
Jehan Alsharnoubi, Adly A Sabbour, Ahmed I Shoukry, Amany M Abdelazeem
Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is intermittent involuntary voiding during sleep in a child aged 5 years or more. The study was conducted to compare the effect of using laser acupuncture and medication for the treatment of children with nocturnal enuresis (NE) and evaluation of urodynamic parameter after treatment. A randomized study included 45 children ranged from 5 to 15 years presenting with NE. They were randomized into three equal groups-group A, managed with desmopressin acetate; group B, managed with laser acupuncture; and group C, managed with a combination of laser acupuncture and desmopressin-all groups received behavioral therapy...
October 15, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Kathryn A Lee, Caryl L Gay, Christopher R Alsten
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a home-based cognitive-behavioral training program for sleep during late pregnancy. METHODS: A nonrandomized quasiexperimental sample of nulliparous women who received the intervention during pregnancy (n=25) was compared with two control groups (n=76 and n=48) from other intervention studies at similar postintervention time points: approximately 1 month before childbirth and 1-2 months after childbirth. The home-based Sleep Enhancement Training System for Pregnancy consisted of 4 weeks of sound-enhanced audio relaxation programs, readings, and daily sleep diaries...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Yin Liu, David M Almeida, Michael J Rovine, Steven H Zarit
OBJECTIVES: The study examined the typical diurnal cortisol trajectory and its differential associations with an intervention, the adult day services (ADS) use, among a sample of family caregivers who experienced high levels of daily stress. METHOD: On hundred and sixty-five caregivers of individuals with dementia completed an 8-day diary on daily stressors, positive events, sleep quality, and ADS use. The caregivers also provided five saliva samples on each diary day...
October 13, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Mara E J Bouwmans, Elisabeth H Bos, H J Rogier Hoenders, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Peter de Jonge
BACKGROUND: The exact nature of the complex relationship between sleep and affect has remained unclear. This study investigated the temporal order of change in sleep and affect in participants with and without depression. METHODS: 27 depressed patients and 27 pair-matched healthy controls assessed their sleep in the morning and their affect 3 times a day for 30 consecutive days in their natural environment. Daily sleep quality and average positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) were used to examine whether changes in sleep quality preceded or followed changes in PA and NA, and whether this was different for patients and healthy controls...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Benjamin C Mullin, Laura Pyle, Dustin Haraden, Justin Riederer, Natalie Brim, David Kaplan, Douglas Novins
Previous studies suggest that youth with anxiety disorders experience their sleep as more disrupted and unsatisfying than their healthy peers. However, it is unclear whether these subjective complaints align with objective measures of sleep quantity and quality. The purpose of this preliminary study was to assess subjective and objective sleep parameters, and their relationships with anxiety symptomatology, among adolescents (62.8% female, 81.4% Caucasian), ages 12 to 18 (M = 15.29 years), with generalized anxiety disorder (n = 26) and controls without any psychopathology (n = 17)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Joshua Tutek, Sarah E Emert, Natalie D Dautovich, Kenneth L Lichstein
Nonrestorative sleep (NRS), characterized by a lack of refreshment upon awakening, has received little attention in the sleep literature even though it can occur and cause impairment apart from other sleep difficulties associated with insomnia. The Restorative Sleep Questionnaire (RSQ) is one of the first validated self-report instruments for investigating NRS severity, presenting new opportunities to explore what factors predict and perhaps contribute to unrefreshing sleep. The present study sought to determine whether inherent circadian preference for morning or evening activity, known as chronotype, predicted restorative sleep in 164 college undergraduates who completed daily RSQs over 2 weeks...
August 11, 2016: Chronobiology International
Katarina Aili, Sofia Åström-Paulsson, Ulrich Stoetzer, Magnus Svartengren, Lena Hillert
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate how many nights of measurement are needed for a reliable measure of sleep in a working population including adult women and men. METHODS: In all, 54 individuals participated in the study. Sleep was assessed for 7 consecutive nights using actigraphy as an objective measure, and the Karolinska sleep diary for a subjective measure of quality. Using intra-class correlation and the Spearman-Brown formula, calculations of how many nights of measurements were required for a reliable measure were performed...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Shachi Tyagi, Subashan Perera, Becky D Clarkson, Stasa D Tadic, Neil M Resnick
PURPOSE: Nocturia is common and bothersome in older adults especially those who are also incontinent. Since nocturnal polyuria (NP) is a major contributor, we examined factors associated with NP in this population to identify those possibly amenable to intervention. METHOD: We analyzed baseline data from two previously-completed studies of urge urinary incontinence (UUI). The studies involved 284 women (mean 72.9 ±7.9 years) who also completed 3-day voiding diaries...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Urology
P A Geoffroy, J-A Micoulaud Franchi, R Lopez, I Poirot, A Brion, S Royant-Parola, B Etain
OBJECTIVES: Sleep complaints are very common in bipolar disorders (BD) both during acute phases (manic and depressive episodes) and remission (about 80 % of patients with remitted BD have poor sleep quality). Sleep complaints during remission are of particular importance since they are associated with more mood relapses and worse outcomes. In this context, this review discusses the characterization and treatment of sleep complaints in BD. METHODS: We examined the international scientific literature in June 2016 and performed a literature search with PubMed electronic database using the following headings: "bipolar disorder" and ("sleep" or "insomnia" or "hypersomnia" or "circadian" or "apnoea" or "apnea" or "restless legs")...
September 23, 2016: L'Encéphale
Admirabilis Beno Kalolella
A 49 years old man, known case of bronchial asthma for 43 years, with history of frequent asthmatic attacks, usually responding to double dose of intravenous Aminophylline and double dose of Hydrocortisone was received at medical emergency care unit at midnight with night-time asthma attack. The attack did not settle with Aminophylline single Intravenous injection. He was then admitted and put in supine sleep position for re-evaluation while his asthma symptoms were monitored while waiting for the medical officer's evaluation of his asthma status...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Christina J Bathgate, Jack D Edinger, Andrew D Krystal
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether individuals with insomnia and objective short sleep duration <6h, a subgroup with greater risks of adverse health outcomes, differ in their response to cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) when compared to individuals with insomnia and normal sleep duration >6h. METHODS: Secondary analyses of a randomized, clinical trial with 60 adults participants (n=31 women) from a single academic medical center...
September 9, 2016: Sleep
Efrosini A Papaconstantinou, Ellen Hodnett, Robyn Stremler
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Hospitalization can contribute to common sleep difficulties in children. Interventions aimed at hospitalized children need to be developed and piloted with rigorous evaluative methods. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a behavioral-educational intervention aimed at increasing nighttime sleep for hospitalized children. PARTICIPANTS: Hospitalized children aged 4-10 years and their caregivers...
September 15, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Jillian Dorrian, Crystal Grant, Siobhan Banks
PURPOSE: Residential support workers (RSW) engage in overnight "sleepover" shifts as well as more traditional "standup" night shifts. While research has investigated the consequences of night and on-call work for sleep in other industries, the sleep of RSW has not been evaluated. METHOD: In a single-provider case study, six employees completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), a 2-week sleep diary, and a 30 min interview, and four also completed the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure (SMBM)...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Ingela Wiklund, Milena Anatchkova, Hafiz Oko-Osi, Robyn von Maltzahn, Dina Chau, Fady I Malik, Donald L Patrick, John Spertus, John R Teerlink
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures can be used to support label claims if they adhere to US Food & Drug Administration guidance. The process of developing a new PRO measure is expensive and time-consuming. We report the results of qualitative studies to develop new PRO measures for use in clinical trials of omecamtiv mecarbil (a selective, small molecule activator of cardiac myosin) for patients with heart failure (HF), as well as the lessons learned from the development process...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Claudia Restrepo, Daniele Manfredini, Eduardo Castrillon, Peter Svensson, Adriana Santamaria, Claudia Alvarez, Ruben Manrique, Frank Lobbezoo
BACKGROUND: Polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard for sleep bruxism (SB) diagnosis. PSG/SB children's criteria are not available; thus, parental-report SB is widely used. AIM: Assessing the diagnostic accuracy of parental report of sleep tooth grinding (STG) with a PSG/SB diagnosis in children, adopting adult criteria. DESIGN: Thirty-seven children from clinics of Universidad CES were included. Parents filled the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) assessing the single-observation report - CSHQ - of STG with a No/Yes answer and five ordinal answers...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Cindy B Dodds, Kristie F Bjornson, Jane K Sweeney, Unni G Narayanan
PURPOSE: To study the impact of a 5-week supported physical activity (PA) intervention on parental report of sleep qualities, sleep duration, and pain severity in children with medical complexity (CMC). METHODS: Twenty-nine CMC participated in 180 minutes of daily supported PA on weekdays over 5 weeks. A pre- and post-test design was used to collect sleep qualities (Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire) and pain severity (Faces Pain Scale- Revised) as reported by parents...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
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