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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227268/characteristics-of-west-syndrome-in-georgia-preliminary-results-of-the-prospective-study
#1
A Kvernadze, N Tatishvili, T Kipiani, G Lomidze
West syndrome hasn't been thoroughly investigated in Georgia. The purposes of our study were a) to assess the clinical and etiological peculiarities of West syndrome, based on MRI data and its relation to the long-term outcome; b) to assess the evolution of West syndrome and its relation to patient characteristics; c) to compare the efficacies of treatments with ACTH and antiepileptic drugs (AEDs); d) to evaluate the neuropsychological outcome after 12 and 24 months and their early predictors. We evaluated 31 patients (17 male, 14 female) with infantile spasms...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223626/sleep-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-glycogen-storage-disease-on-standard-and-modified-uncooked-cornstarch
#2
Isabelle Rousseau-Nepton, Céline Huot, Diane Laforte, Elise Mok, Daphna Fenyves, Evelyn Constantin, John Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Glycemic control in hepatic glycogen storage diseases (GSDs) relies on specific nutritional recommendations, including strict avoidance of a fasting period. Uncooked cornstarch (UCCS) is an important therapeutic component. A new modified UCCS, Glycosade™, was created with the objective of prolonging euglycemia. We aimed to determine the length of euglycemia on Glycosade™ using a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) and to evaluate whether longer euglycemia and thus less nighttime interruptions would improve sleep and quality of life (QoL) after the introduction of the modified cornstarch...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215455/the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-poor-sleep-health-in-adulthood
#3
Ryan C Brindle, Matthew R Cribbet, Laura B Samuelsson, Chenlu Gao, Ellen Frank, Robert T Krafty, Julian F Thayer, Daniel J Buysse, Martica H Hall
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma has been related to adverse behavioral, mental, and health outcomes later in life. Sleep may be a potential mechanism through which childhood trauma is related to adverse health. The current retrospective study aimed to characterize the relationship between childhood trauma exposure and sleep health, a novel multidimensional measure of sleep. METHODS: Participants (N = 161; Mean(SD) age = 59.85(9.06); 67.7% female) retrospectively reported trauma exposure using the Trauma History Questionnaire...
December 5, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209391/korean-brain-aging-study-for-the-early-diagnosis-and-prediction-of-alzheimer-s-disease-methodology-and-baseline-sample-characteristics
#4
Min Soo Byun, Dahyun Yi, Jun Ho Lee, Young Min Choe, Bo Kyung Sohn, Jun-Young Lee, Hyo Jung Choi, Hyewon Baek, Yu Kyeong Kim, Yun-Sang Lee, Chul-Ho Sohn, Inhee Mook-Jung, Murim Choi, Yu Jin Lee, Dong Woo Lee, Seung-Ho Ryu, Shin Gyeom Kim, Jee Wook Kim, Jong Inn Woo, Dong Young Lee
Objective: The Korean Brain Aging Study for the Early Diagnosis and Prediction of Alzheimer's disease (KBASE) aimed to recruit 650 individuals, aged from 20 to 90 years, to search for new biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to investigate how multi-faceted lifetime experiences and bodily changes contribute to the brain changes or brain pathologies related to the AD process. Methods: All participants received comprehensive clinical and neuropsychological evaluations, multi-modal brain imaging, including magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance angiography, [11C]Pittsburgh compound B-positron emission tomography (PET), and [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose-PET, blood and genetic marker analyses at baseline, and a subset of participants underwent actigraph monitoring and completed a sleep diary...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201588/reminders-make-people-adhere-better-to-a-self-help-sleep-intervention
#5
Corine Horsch, Sandor Spruit, Jaap Lancee, Rogier van Eijk, Robbert Jan Beun, Mark Neerincx, Willem-Paul Brinkman
The experiment presented in this paper investigated the effects of different kinds of reminders on adherence to automated parts of a cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) delivered via a mobile device. Previous studies report that computerized health interventions can be effective. However, treatment adherence is still an issue. Reminders are a simple technique that could improve adherence. A minimal intervention prototype in the realm of sleep treatment was developed to test the effects of reminders on adherence...
2017: Health and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194467/sleep-hygiene-education-as-a-treatment-of-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Ka-Fai Chung, Chit-Tat Lee, Wing-Fai Yeung, Man-Sum Chan, Emily Wing-Yue Chung, Wai-Ling Lin
Background: Sleep hygiene education (SHE) is commonly used as a treatment of insomnia in general practice. Whether SHE or cognitive-behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), a treatment with stronger evidence base, should be provided first remains unclear. Objective: To review the efficacy of SHE for poor sleep or insomnia. Methods: We systematically searched six key electronic databases up until May 2017. Two researchers independently selected relevant publications, extracted data and evaluated methodological quality according to the Cochrane criteria...
November 29, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193625/agreement-between-actigraphy-and-diary-recorded-measures-of-sleep-in-children-with-epilepsy
#7
Shao-Yu Tsai, Wang-Tso Lee, Chien-Chang Lee, Suh-Fang Jeng, Wen-Chin Weng
PURPOSE: To describe sleep patterns in young children with epilepsy and to examine levels of agreement between measurements derived from actigraphy and diary recordings. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Eighty-nine toddlers and preschool-aged children with epilepsy wore an actigraph on their wrists for 7 consecutive days. Parents and caregivers maintained a concurrent sleep diary while the child was wearing the monitor. Levels of agreement between actigraphy and diary recordings were examined using the Bland and Altman method separately for all recording days, weekdays, and weekends...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172733/nocturnal-blood-pressure-decline-based-on-different-time-intervals-and-long-term-cardiovascular-risk-the-ohasama-study
#8
Michihiro Satoh, Kei Asayama, Masahiro Kikuya, Ryusuke Inoue, Megumi Tsubota-Utsugi, Taku Obara, Keiko Murakami, Ayako Matsuda, Takahisa Murakami, Kyoko Nomura, Hirohito Metoki, Yutaka Imai, Takayoshi Ohkubo
A diminished nocturnal decline in blood pressure (BP) represents a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. To define daytime and nighttime ambulatory BP, clock time-dependent methods are used when information on diary-based sleeping time is unavailable. We aimed to compare fixed-clock intervals with diary records to identify nocturnal BP declines as a predictor of long-term cardiovascular risk among the general population. Data were obtained from 1714 participants with no history of cardiovascular disease in Ohasama, Japan (mean age, 60...
November 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172601/reciprocal-variations-in-sleep-and-drinking-over-time-among-heavy-drinking-young-adults
#9
Lisa M Fucito, Krysten W Bold, Eliza Van Reen, Nancy S Redeker, Stephanie S O'Malley, Tess H Hanrahan, Kelly S DeMartini
Prior studies have established an association between sleep problems during early adolescence and heavy alcohol use/alcohol use disorder (AUD) risk in late adolescence. Less research has explored the association between sleep problems and heavy alcohol use during young adulthood, the period when AUD onset peaks. Moreover, research to date has primarily utilized cross-sectional, between-subjects' methods to examine this relationship, with limited focus on the potential intraindividual variation in these behaviors...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171107/assessing-sleep-quality-using-self-report-and-actigraphy-in-ptsd
#10
Cindie Slightam, Katja Petrowski, Andrea L Jamison, Marius Keller, Franziska Bertram, Sunyoung Kim, Walton T Roth
Sleep disturbance is commonly reported by participants with post-traumatic stress disorder, but objective evidence of poor sleep is often absent. Here we compared self-report and actigraphic evaluations of sleep between veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder and controls. Participants reported their sleep retrospectively for the month before the recording night and on the recording night. On the recording night, they wore an Actiwatch-64 and were instructed to press the marker button upon getting into bed, each time they awoke, and at their final awakening...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170758/design-and-rationale-for-a-technology-based-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-in-older-adults-grieving-the-loss-of-a-spouse
#11
Sarah T Stahl, James Emanuel, Steven M Albert, Mary Amanda Dew, Richard Schulz, Gregg Robbins-Welty, Charles F Reynolds
Introduction: Experiencing the death of a spouse during late life is associated with an increased risk of developing debilitating mental health problems. Healthy lifestyle practices, such as regular exercise, healthy eating, and good sleep hygiene are promising strategies to influence the mental health and associated physical symptoms of late-life spousal bereavement. Objective: This paper describes the design and rationale of an intervention development study addressing selective and indicated prevention of depression, anxiety, and/or complicated grief disorder(s) among adults 60 years and older who are grieving the recent loss (within 8 months) of a spouse or partner...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164702/window-door-opening-mediated-bedroom-ventilation-and-its-impact-on-sleep-quality-of-healthy-young-adults
#12
A K Mishra, A M van Ruitenbeek, M G L C Loomans, H S M Kort
This work examined window/door opening as means of bedroom ventilation and the consequent effect upon occupants' sleep, using data from 17 healthy volunteers. Bedroom CO2 level, temperature, and relative humidity were measured over 5 days, for two cases: open window or door (internal, bedroom door), and closed window and door. Participant filled questionnaires and sleep diary provided subjective measure of sleep quality. Actigraphy objectively monitored the participants during sleep. Additionally, a FlexSensor, placed under pillows of participants, detected movement during sleep...
November 21, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164609/who-benefits-from-adolescent-sleep-interventions-moderators-of-treatment-efficacy-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-intervention-for-at-risk-adolescents
#13
Matthew J Blake, Laura M Blake, Orli Schwartz, Monika Raniti, Joanna M Waloszek, Greg Murray, Julian G Simmons, Elizabeth Landau, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test moderators of therapeutic improvement in an adolescent cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based group sleep intervention. Specifically, we examined whether the effects of the program on postintervention sleep outcomes were dependent on participant gender and/or measures of sleep duration, anxiety, depression, and self-efficacy prior to the interventions. METHOD: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted with 123 adolescent participants (female = 59...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157641/a-process-oriented-model-linking-adolescents-sleep-hygiene-and-psychological-functioning-the-moderating-role-of-school-start-times
#14
Jack S Peltz, Ronald D Rogge, Heidi Connolly, Thomas G O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: To examine a mediational model linking sleep hygiene to better mental health in adolescents via the mechanism of improved sleep quality, and to test the moderating role of school start times (SST) (before 8:30 AM vs. 8:30 AM or later) on that mediation model. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Online survey for high school students across the United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 197 adolescents aged 14-17 years old (Mage = 15...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157638/high-school-start-times-after-8-30-am-are-associated-with-later-wake-times-and-longer-time-in-bed-among-teens-in-a-national-urban-cohort-study
#15
Nicole G Nahmod, Soomi Lee, Orfeu M Buxton, Anne-Marie Chang, Lauren Hale
OBJECTIVES: High school start times are a key contributor to insufficient sleep. This study investigated associations of high school start times with bedtime, wake time, and time in bed among urban teenagers. DESIGN: Daily-diary study nested within the prospective Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. SETTING: Twenty US cities. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred thirteen teenagers who completed ≥1 daily diary report on a school day...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157588/sleep-spindles-may-predict-response-to-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-chronic-insomnia
#16
Thien Thanh Dang-Vu, Benjamin Hatch, Ali Salimi, Melodee Mograss, Soufiane Boucetta, Jordan O'Byrne, Marie Brandewinder, Christian Berthomier, Jean-Philippe Gouin
BACKGROUND: While cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia constitutes the first-line treatment for chronic insomnia, only few reports have investigated how sleep architecture relates to response to this treatment. In this pilot study, we aimed to determine whether pre-treatment sleep spindle density predicts treatment response to cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia. METHODS: Twenty-four participants with chronic primary insomnia participated in a 6-week cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia performed in groups of 4-6 participants...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157586/does-comorbid-obstructive-sleep-apnea-impair-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-and-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#17
Alexander Sweetman, Leon Lack, Sky Lambert, Michael Gradisar, Jodie Harris
AIMS: Comorbid insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) represents a highly prevalent and debilitating condition; however, physicians and researchers are still uncertain about the most effective treatment approach. Several research groups have suggested that these patients should initially receive treatment for their insomnia before the sleep apnea is targeted. The current study aims to determine whether Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-i) can effectively treat insomnia in patients with comorbid OSA and whether its effectiveness is impaired by the presence of OSA...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148160/chronic-parenting-stress-and-mood-reactivity-the-role-of-sleep-quality
#18
Chelsea da Estrela, Erin T Barker, Sarah Lantagne, Jean-Philippe Gouin
Sleep is a basic biological process supporting emotion regulation. The emotion regulation function of sleep may be particularly important in the context of chronic stress. To better understand how chronic stress and sleep interact to predict mood, 66 parents of children with autism completed daily diaries assessing parenting stress, negative mood, and sleep quality for 6 consecutive days. Hierarchical linear modelling revealed that daily negative mood was predicted by between-person differences in parenting stress and between-person differences in sleep efficiency...
November 17, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144172/disruptions-in-sleep-wake-cycles-in-community-dwelling-cancer-patients-receiving-palliative-care-and-their-correlates
#19
Marie Solange Bernatchez, Josée Savard, Hans Ivers
Significant disruptions in sleep-wake cycles have been found in advanced cancer patients in prior research. However, much remains to be known about specific sleep-wake cycle variables that are impaired in patients with a significantly altered performance status. More studies are also needed to explore the extent to which disrupted sleep-wake cycles are related to physical and psychological symptoms, time to death, maladaptive sleep behaviors, quality of life and 24-h light exposure. This study conducted in palliative cancer patients was aimed at characterizing patients' sleep-wake cycles using various circadian parameters (i...
November 16, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128282/daydreams-incorporate-recent-waking-life-concerns-but-do-not-show-delayed-dream-lag-incorporations
#20
Elaine van Rijn, Alexander M Reid, Christopher L Edwards, Josie E Malinowski, Perrine M Ruby, Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub, Mark T Blagrove
This study investigates the time course of incorporation of waking life experiences into daydreams. Thirty-one participants kept a diary for 10 days, reporting major daily activities (MDAs), personally significant events (PSEs) and major concerns (MCs). They were then cued for daydream, Rapid Eye Movement (REM) and N2 dream reports in the sleep laboratory. There was a higher incorporation into daydreams of MCs from the previous two days (day-residue effect), but no day-residue effect for MDAs or PSEs, supporting a function for daydreams of processing current concerns...
November 8, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
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