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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934956/placental-antibody-transfer-efficiency-and-maternal-levels-specific-for-measles-coxsackievirus-a16-enterovirus-71-poliomyelitis-i-iii-and-hiv-1-antibodies
#1
Chuanxi Fu, Long Lu, Hao Wu, Jeffrey Shaman, Yimin Cao, Fang Fang, Qiongying Yang, Qing He, Zhicong Yang, Ming Wang
Maternal antibodies transported across the placenta can provide vital immunity against infectious pathogens for infants. We here examine maternal antibody (MA) levels and their association with neonatal antibody levels. Pregnant women of gestational age ≥35 weeks were enrolled at a Guangzhou China hospital and mother-infant paired sera were collected. Measles IgG antibody was detected using ELISA assay, neutralizing antibodies titers against coxsackievirus A16 (CA16), enterovirus 71 (EV71), PV I-III and HIV-1 were performed...
December 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923421/pre-pregnancy-bmi-gestational-weight-gain-and-breast-feeding-a-cohort-study-in-china
#2
Xing-Yong Tao, Kun Huang, Shuang-Qin Yan, A-Zhu Zuo, Rui-Wen Tao, Hui Cao, Chun-Li Gu, Fang-Biao Tao
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain (GWG) on initiation and duration of infant breast-feeding in a prospective birth cohort study. DESIGN: Breast-feeding information was collected at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months postpartum. The association of pre-pregnancy BMI and GWG with delayed lactogenesis II and termination of exclusive breast-feeding was assessed with logistic regression analysis...
December 7, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918944/groundwater-nitrate-pollution-and-human-health-risk-assessment-by-using-hhra-model-in-an-agricultural-area-ne-china
#3
Yuanzheng Zhai, Xiaobing Zhao, Yanguo Teng, Xiao Li, Junjun Zhang, Jin Wu, Rui Zuo
In order to learn the pollution circumstance of groundwater nitrate detailedly in Songnen Plain of Northeast China and estimate its potential risk to human health of local residents, a total of 389 groundwater samples were collected in 2014 and studied from residential areas and public water supply wells in 11 cities and counties in southeastern of Songnen Plain. The analysis results showed that the spatial distributions of main chemical components in groundwater had great variations with statistical concentrations in the order of TDS> HCO3> Ca> NO3> Cl> Na> SO4> Mg> K> NH4> NO2...
December 1, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917447/breaking-down-barriers-enabling-care-by-parent-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-in-china
#4
Xiao-Ying Li, Shoo Lee, Hua-Feng Yu, Xiang Y Ye, Ruth Warre, Xiang-Hong Liu, Jian-Hong Liu
BACKGROUND: Denying parents access to their infant in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is a standard practice in most hospitals across China. Visitation is not usually permitted or may be strictly limited, and NICU care for most neonates is provided by health-care professionals with little participation of the parents. An exception to this rule is the level 2 "Room-In" ward in Qilu Children's Hospital, Shandong University, where parents have 24-hour access to their infants and participate in providing care...
December 5, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903517/branched-chain-fatty-acid-composition-of-human-milk-and-the-impact-of-maternal-diet-the-global-exploration-of-human-milk-gehm-study
#5
Kelly A Dingess, Christina J Valentine, Nicholas J Ollberding, Barbara S Davidson, Jessica G Woo, Suzanne Summer, Yongmei M Peng, M Lourdes Guerrero, Guillermo M Ruiz-Palacios, Rinat R Ran-Ressler, Robert J McMahon, J Thomas Brenna, Ardythe L Morrow
BACKGROUND: An understudied component of the diet, branched-chain fatty acids (BCFAs) are distinctive saturated fatty acids that may have an important influence on health. Human-milk fatty acid composition is known to differ worldwide, but comparative data are lacking on BCFAs. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypotheses that concentrations of BCFAs in human milk differ between populations and are associated with maternal diet. DESIGN: We surveyed the BCFA composition of samples collected as part of a standardized, prospective study of human-milk composition...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893696/molecular-epidemiological-study-of-enteroviruses-associated-with-encephalitis-in-children-from-hangzhou-china
#6
Wei Li, Zhang Qiong, Shen Xiao-Ting, Liu Yu-Jie, Mao Jian-Hua, Shu Qiang, Shang Shi-Qiang
Enterovirus (EV) has over 100 serotypes of species A-D, which can cause various symptoms in infants. Enterovirus encephalitis (EVE) is serve disease with high morbidity and mortality in children. To well define the epidemiology of EVE, we wanted to know more about EV and EV molecular typing by conducting this study in Hangzhou.Cerebrospinal fluid samples were collected from children with diagnosis of encephalitis. Meanwhile, one-step real-time RT-PCR was used for the detection of EV, and we also identified the serotypes of EV by using gene sequencing of VP1 or 5'UTR region...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891182/case-control-study-of-diarrheal-disease-etiology-in-individuals-over-5%C3%A2-years-in-southwest-china
#7
Shun-Xian Zhang, Chun-Li Yang, Wen-Peng Gu, Lin Ai, Emmanuel Serrano, Pin Yang, Xia Zhou, Shi-Zhu Li, Shan Lv, Zhi-Sheng Dang, Jun-Hu Chen, Wei Hu, Li-Guang Tian, Jia-Xu Chen, Xiao-Nong Zhou
BACKGROUND: Acute diarrhea is one of the major public health problems worldwide. Most of studies on acute diarrhea have been made on infants aged below 5 years and few efforts have been made to identify the etiological agents of acute diarrhea in people over five, especially in China. METHODS: 271 diarrhea cases and 149 healthy controls over 5 years were recruited from four participating hospitals between June 2014 and July 2015. Each stool specimen was collected to detect a series of enteric pathogens, involving five viruses (Rotavirus group A, RVA; Norovirus, NoV; Sapovirus, SaV; Astrovirus, As; and Adenovirus, Ad), seven bacteria (diarrheagenic Escherichia coli, DEC; non-typhoidal Salmonella, NTS; Shigella spp...
2016: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889164/multilocus-sequence-type-profiles-of-bacillus-cereus-isolates-from-infant-formula-in-china
#8
Yong Yang, Xiaofeng Yu, Li Zhan, Jiancai Chen, Yunyi Zhang, Junyan Zhang, Honghu Chen, Zheng Zhang, Yanjun Zhang, Yiyu Lu, Lingling Mei
Bacillus cereus sensu stricto is an opportunistic foodborne pathogen. The multilocus sequence type (MLST) of 74 B. cereus isolated from 513 non-random infant formula in China was analyzed. Of 64 sequence types (STs) detected, 50 STs and 6 alleles were newly found in PubMLST database. All isolates except for one singleton (ST-1049), were classified into 7 clonal complexes (CC) by BURST (n-4), in which CC1 with core ancestral clone ST-26 was the largest group including 86% isolates, and CC2, 3, 9, 10 and 13 were first reported in China...
April 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886542/occurrence-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-in-cord-serum-and-association-with-growth-indicators-in-newborns-from-beijing
#9
Yu Shi, Lin Yang, Jingguang Li, Jianqiang Lai, Yuxin Wang, Yunfeng Zhao, Yongning Wu
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), a group of environmental pollutants, persistently exist in the environment. To investigate the associations between PFASs levels in cord serum and birth weight, birth length and ponderal index, we measured PFASs in cord serum samples from 170 infants from Feb. 2012 to Jun. 2012 in Beijing, China. The mean concentrations in cord serum samples for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA) and perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnA) were 1...
November 22, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885580/does-the-groundwater-nitrate-pollution-in-china-pose-a-risk-to-human-health-a-critical-review-of-published-data
#10
Yuanzheng Zhai, Yan Lei, Jin Wu, Yanguo Teng, Jinsheng Wang, Xiaobing Zhao, Xiaodong Pan
Nitrate pollution has pervaded many parts of the world, especially in developing countries such as China. Based on the available groundwater nitrate data sets in China (2000-2015), the groundwater pollution levels at the provincial scale are evaluated which contains 33 provinces (units) except for Macau because of lacking data. Then, the potential risks posed to human health in national scale are quantified. In order to make the results more precise and systematical, both drinking and dermal contact exposure pathways are considered, and the influenced crowd are more finely divided into four groups to study the impacts of age and gender on the outcome, which include infants (0-6 months), children (7 months-17 years old), adult males (18 years old-), and adult females (18 years old-)...
November 24, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884125/epidemiology-of-and-risk-factors-for-neonatal-candidemia-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-western-china
#11
Jichang Chen, Yongjiang Jiang, Ba Wei, Yanling Ding, Shaolin Xu, Peixu Qin, Jinjian Fu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and clinical characteristics of neonatal candidemia are poorly understood in western China. The aim of our study was to evaluate the epidemiological features of neonatal candidemia in the Liuzhou Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted between January 2012 and November 2015. Electronic databases were reviewed and data on Candida species were isolated from blood cultures and candidemia incidence, risk factors, and mortality were extracted...
November 24, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874311/long-term-persistence-in-protection-and-response-to-a-hepatitis-b-vaccine-booster-among-adolescents-immunized-in-infancy-in-the-western-region-of-china
#12
Zhen-Zi Wang, Yu-Hua Gao, Wei Lu, Cun-Duo Jin, Ying Zeng, Ling Yan, Feng Ding, Tong Li, Xue-En Liu, Hui Zhuang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the persistence of protection from hepatitis B (HB) vaccination among adolescents immunized with a primary series of HB vaccine as infants, and the immune response to booster doses. METHODS: Healthy adolescents aged 15-17 years vaccinated with HB vaccine only at birth were enrolled. Baseline serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), antibody against hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) and antibody against hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) were detected by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) and anti-HBs level was measured using Chemiluminescent Microparticle Immunoassay (CMIA)...
November 22, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855697/regional-health-care-inequity-in-children-s-survival-in-zhejiang-province-china
#13
Weifang Zhang, Dingwan Chen, Huan Zhou, Yanhua Xu, Zhuopu Xu, Ying Ying, Zhengyan Zhao
BACKGROUND: China is now under a period of social transition, and inequity is evident in the field of health care. We aimed to investigate regional health-care inequalities in children's survival in Zhejiang Province, China. METHODS: In our study, monitoring data of Zhejiang Province from 2005 to 2014 was collected. The flow of data collection of community-district-city for urban areas or village-township-county rural areas was followed. The factors affecting equity was analyzed including regional economical level and household registry...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855096/infant-s-sex-birth-control-policy-and-postpartum-well-being-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-shanghai-china
#14
Jing Hua, Liping Zhu, Wenchong Du, Li Du, Ting Luo, Zhuochun Wu
OBJECTIVES: The majority of Chinese families were under either one-child or two-child birth control policy status from 2001 to 2015. We explore the association between an infant's sex and the mother's postpartum well-being, which may be moderated by birth control policy status in China. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a prospective cohort study in Shanghai City, one of the largest cities in China. A total number of 1730 childbearing women from eight obstetric hospitals across Shanghai were included in the study at baseline, with 1503 women completing the survey 7 days postpartum in 2013...
October 6, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846803/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-rotavirus-vaccination-in-china-projected-possibility-of-scale-up-from-the-current-domestic-option
#15
Shuhui Cui, Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Xiuting Mo, Xiaoyan Liu, Lingzhong Xu, Shixue Li
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus infection causes considerable disease burden of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) hospitalization and death among children less than 5 years in China. Although two rotavirus vaccines (Rotarix and RotaTeq) have been licensed in more than 100 countries in the world, the Lanzhou Lamb rotavirus vaccine (LLR) is the only vaccine licensed in China. This study aims to forecast the potential impacts of the two international vaccines compared to domestic LLR. METHODS: An economic evaluation was performed using a Markov simulation model...
November 15, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836288/breastfeeding-mixed-or-formula-feeding-at-9-months-of-age-and-the-prevalence-of-iron-deficiency-and-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-two-cohorts-of-infants-in-china
#16
Katy M Clark, Ming Li, Bingquan Zhu, Furong Liang, Jie Shao, Yueyang Zhang, Chai Ji, Zhengyan Zhao, Niko Kaciroti, Betsy Lozoff
OBJECTIVE: To assess associations between breastfeeding and iron status at 9 months of age in 2 samples of Chinese infants. STUDY DESIGN: Associations between feeding at 9 months of age (breastfed as sole milk source, mixed fed, or formula fed) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA), iron deficiency, and iron sufficiency were determined in infants from Zhejiang (n = 142) and Hebei (n= 813) provinces. Iron deficiency was defined as body iron < 0 mg/kg, and IDA as iron deficiency + hemoglobin < 110 g/L...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827448/composition-of-gut-microbiota-in-infants-in-china-and-global-comparison
#17
Ya-Shu Kuang, Sheng-Hui Li, Yong Guo, Jin-Hua Lu, Jian-Rong He, Bei-Jun Luo, Feng-Ju Jiang, Hui Shen, Christopher J Papasian, Herbert Pang, Hui-Min Xia, Hong-Wen Deng, Xiu Qiu
Symbiotic gut microbiota is essential for human health, and its compositional changes have been associated with various complex disorders. However, systematic investigation of the acquisition and development of gut microbial communities during early infancy are relatively rare, particularly for infants from non-Western countries. In this study, we characterize the colonization and development of infant microbiota in healthy Chinese infants and compare the pattern with those from other countries. The fecal microbiota of 2-month-old infants was considerably more diverse than that of neonates, as indicated by higher relative abundances of Veillonella, Clostridium, Bacteroides, Lactobacillus, Collinsella and Prevotella, and reduction of Escherichia and Enterococcus...
November 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826325/enterovirus-71-infection-and-neurological-complications
#18
REVIEW
Kyung Yeon Lee
Since the outbreak of the enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection in Malaysia in 1997, large epidemics of EV71 have occurred in the Asia-Pacific region. Many children and infants have died from serious neurological complications during these epidemics, and EV71 infection has become a serious public health problem in these areas. EV71 infection causes hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in children, and usually resolves spontaneously. However, EV71 occasionally involves the central nervous system (CNS), and induces diverse neurological complications such as brainstem encephalitis, aseptic meningitis, and acute flaccid paralysis...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825943/perceptions-of-food-intake-and-weight-status-among-parents-of-picky-eating-infants-and-toddlers-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Ziyi Li, Klazine van der Horst, Lisa R Edelson-Fries, Kai Yu, Lili You, Yumei Zhang, Gerard Vinyes-Pares, Peiyu Wang, Defu Ma, Xiaoguang Yang, Liqiang Qin, Jiaji Wang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that children that are picky eaters may have a different and less varied diet than non-picky children, but the literature on picky eating in Chinese children is limited. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of picky eating in 6-35 month-old Chinese children, and to explore how parents' perceptions of picky eating relate to children's intake and body composition. METHODS: 1414 6-35 month-old infants and toddlers from 8 Chinese cities were included in this study...
November 4, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823995/analysis-of-in-hospital-neonatal-death-in-the-tertiary-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-china-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#20
Chen-Hong Wang, Li-Zhong Du, Xiao-Lu Ma, Li-Ping Shi, Xiao-Mei Tong, Hong Liu, Guo-Fang Ding, Bin Yi, Xin-Nian Pan, Dan-Ni Zhong, Ling Liu, Mei Li, Cui-Qing Liu, Shi-Wen Xia, Hong-Yun Wang, Ling He, Kun Liang, Xiao-Yu Zhou, Shu-Ping Han, Qin Lyu, Yin-Ping Qiu, Ruo-Bing Shan, De-Zhi Mu, Xiao-Hong Liu, Si-Qi Zhuang, Jing Guo, Li Liu, Jia-Jun Zhu, Hong Xiong
BACKGROUND: Globally, the proportion of child deaths that occur in the neonatal period remains a high level of 37-41%. Differences of cause in neonate death exist in different regions as well as in different economic development countries. The specific aim of this study was to investigate the causes, characteristics, and differences of death in neonates during hospitalization in the tertiary Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of China. METHODS: All the dead neonates admitted to 26 NICUs were included between January l, 2011, and December 31, 2011...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
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