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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728571/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-preterm-small-for-gestational-age-infants-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-rural-chinese-population
#1
Shi Chen, Rong Zhu, Huijuan Zhu, Hongbo Yang, Fengying Gong, Linjie Wang, Yu Jiang, Bill Q Lian, Chengsheng Yan, Jianqiang Li, Qing Wang, Shi-Kun Zhang, Hui Pan
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) are strong indicators of neonatal adverse outcomes. With the growing importance of preterm SGA infants, we aim to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for preterm SGA in China. METHOD: We analyzed the data of parents and infants from a population-based cohort research of the free National Pre-pregnancy Checkups Project (NPCP) in rural China. Only singleton live births that occurred between 24 weeks +0 days and 36 weeks +6 days of pregnancy were included in this study...
July 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726712/constructed-wetland-integrated-microbial-fuel-cell-system-looking-back-moving-forward
#2
Yae Wang, Yaqian Zhao, Lei Xu, Wenke Wang, Liam Doherty, Cheng Tang, Baiming Ren, Jinhui Zhao
In the last 10 years, the microbial fuel cell (MFC) has been extensively studied worldwide to extract energy from wastewater via electricity generation. More recently, a merged technique of embedding MFC into a constructed wetland (CW) has been developed and appears to be increasingly investigated. The driving force to integrate these two technologies lies in the fact that CWs naturally possess a redox gradient (depending on flow direction and wetland depth), which is required by MFCs as anaerobic anode and aerobic cathode chambers...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720616/concomitant-preterm-birth-and-severe-small-for-gestational-age-birth-weight-among-infants-of-immigrant-mothers-in-ontario-originating-from-the-philippines-and-east-asia-a-population-based-study
#3
Emily Bartsch, Alison L Park, Jennifer Jairam, Joel G Ray
OBJECTIVES: Women from the Philippines form one of the largest immigrant groups to North America. Their newborns experience higher rates of preterm birth (PTB), and separately, small-for-gestational age (SGA) birth weight, compared with other East Asians. It is not known if Filipino women are at elevated risk of concomitant PTB and severe SGA (PTB-SGA), a pathological state likely reflective of placental dysfunction and neonatal morbidity. METHODS: We conducted a population-based study of all singleton or twin live births in Ontario, from 2002 to 2011, among immigrant mothers from the Philippines (n=27 946), Vietnam (n=15 297), Hong Kong (n=5618), South Korea (n=5148) and China (n=42 517)...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709079/breastfeeding-initiation-duration-and-exclusivity-in-mothers-with-epilepsy-from-south-west-china
#4
Nanya Hao, Han Jiang, Mengqian Wu, Tianying Pan, Bo Yan, Jie Liu, Jie Mu, Wenyu Liu, Jinmei Li, Terence J O'Brien, Zhibin Chen, Frank Vajda, Dong Zhou
PURPOSES: 1) To study the breastfeeding initiation, duration and exclusivity rates, and common reasons for early weaning in Chinese mothers with epilepsy (MWE); 2) To identify potential perinatal breastfeeding correlations with selected sociodemographic and clinical factors. METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to 281 MWE attending hospitals in South-west China from February 2014 to July 2015. Data about breastfeeding behaviors, sociodemographic, obstetric, and epileptic variables were collected...
June 30, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707333/equity-in-maternal-and-infant-care-services-in-china-a-trend-analysis-based-on-residence-and-area-2000-2014
#5
Hong Liang, Shuai Fang, Shanshan Liu, Xinyu Liu, Yanting Li, Ming Li, Yimin Zhang
Equity in maternal- and infant-care services is key to achieving equity in maternal and infant health outcomes. In this study, 12 indicators of maternal and infant services were selected to measure equity in maternal and infant services in China from 2000-2014 using the Theil index and between-group variance, with the result showing that equity has improved steadily and significantly, though serious inequities in premarital and reproductive health services remain. Relatively speaking, equity at the interprovincial level has increased, but equity in urban-rural stratification has improved more, indicating that policies should focus on interprovincial inequities and premarital and reproductive health services...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705579/melamine-poisoning-pediatric-urolithiasis-treatment-in-gansu-china-5-yrfollow-up-analysis
#6
Hong Chang, Gongjin Wu, Zhongjin Yue, Junhai Ma, Ze Qin
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical characteristics of urolithiasis children retrospectively who ingested melamine-poisoned formula as infants and report a five-year follow-up analysis. METHODS: Clinical data on 207 patients (mean±SD, 13.6±8.0months) with melamine-induced urolithiasis were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were subdivided into two groups according to treatment. A five-year follow-up study was conducted with 95.7% (198/207) of the children...
July 10, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705271/molecular-and-epidemiological-characterization-of-infant-botulism-in-beijing-china
#7
Yin Ping Dong, Wei Wang, Tao Jiang, Jin Xu, Chun Hui Han, Shao Fei Yan, Séamus Fanning, Ying Li, Xiao Chen Ma, Di Zhang, Yao Zhao, Biao Zeng, Feng Qin Li
Laboratory-based pathogen isolation, identification, and toxicity determination were performed on samples from a suspected case of infant botulism. Mice injected with cultures generated from the enema sample and ingested Powered infant formula (PIF) presented typical signs of botulism. Antitoxins to polyvalent botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) and monovalent BoNT type B antitoxin had protective effects. Clostridium botulinum isolated from the enema and residual PIF samples were positive for type B toxin. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) revealed that the two strains of C...
June 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701060/epidemiological-and-clinical-characteristics-of-304-patients-with-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-in-anhui%C3%A2-province-of-east-china-2012-2015
#8
Jing Li, Wei Gao, Ji-Min Zhu, Wei Zuo, Xiang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical and epidemiological features of patients with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) so as to provide scientific evidences for diagnosis and prevention of IHPS. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of IHPS patients diagnosed from 2012 to 2015 at Anhui Provincial Children's Hospital. Demographic characteristic and clinical data were collected. RESULTS: Three hundred four patients (264 males and 40 females) were studied...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697825/-screening-and-follow-up-for-congenital-heart-disease-in-children-aged-0-3-years-in-rural-areas-of-chongqing-china
#9
Lei Zhang, Mei-Yu An, Bing Zhu, Wan-Dong Shen, Shu-Jiang Tan, Xiao-Juan Ji, Jie Tian, Xiao-Yan Liu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the incidence of congenital heart disease (CHD) in children aged 0-3 years in the rural areas of Chongqing, and to determine the suitable "screening-diagnosis-follow-up" system and screening indicators for CHD in these areas. METHODS: Children aged 0-3 years from rural areas of the Fuling Disctrict of Chongqing were selected by cluster sampling. Using the "screening-diagnosis-evaluation system" employed at the levels of village/town, district/county, and province/city, the children were screened for seven indicators, i...
July 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693965/maternal-pre-gravid-cardiometabolic-health-and-infant-birthweight-a-prospective-pre-conception-cohort-study
#10
R Retnakaran, S W Wen, H Tan, S Zhou, C Ye, M Shen, G N Smith, M C Walker
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Both low birthweight and high birthweight have been associated with the development of cardiometabolic disease in adulthood, possibly reflecting the effect of intrauterine fetal programming. As developmental programming can begin before conception, pre-gravid factors that predict birthweight may be relevant in this context. However, little is known about such factors. Thus, we established a pre-conception cohort to identify maternal pre-gravid cardiometabolic determinants of infant birthweight...
May 23, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687407/parents-concerns-about-vaccine-scheduling-in-shanghai-china
#11
Abram L Wagner, Matthew L Boulton, Xiaodong Sun, Zhuoying Huang, Irene A Harmsen, Jia Ren, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
BACKGROUND: Several new vaccines have been introduced into China in recent years, but some parents in China have shown concerns about the scheduling of vaccinations for young infants. This study explores caregiver concerns about children receiving multiple vaccines during a single visit and about vaccine administration in infants <6months, and assesses the degree to which these concerns are associated with ratings of the importance of different sources of vaccine information in Shanghai...
July 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662145/prevalence-and-antibiotic-resistance-profiles-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-pathogens-in-children-with-acute-bacterial-meningitis-in-yunnan-province-china-2012-2015
#12
Hongchao Jiang, Min Su, Liyue Kui, Hailin Huang, Lijuan Qiu, Li Li, Jing Ma, Tingyi Du, Mao Fan, Qiangming Sun, Xiaomei Liu
Acute bacterial meningitis is still considered one of the most dangerous infectious diseases in children. To investigate the prevalence and antibiotic resistance profiles of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pathogens in children with acute bacterial meningitis in Southwest China, CSF samples from 179 meningitis patients (3 days to 12 years old) with positive culture results were collected from 2012 to 2015. Isolated pathogens were identified using the Vitek-32 system. Gram stain results were used to guide subcultures and susceptibility testing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662083/report-about-term-infants-with-severe-hyperbilirubinemia-undergoing-exchange-transfusion-in-southwestern-china-during-an-11-year-period-from-2001-to-2011
#13
Canfeng Yu, Huifan Li, Qiannan Zhang, Huayun He, Xinhong Chen, Ziyu Hua
OBJECTIVES: This study was intended to explore the etiology and risk factors of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and to analyze the adverse events associated with ECT (Exchange Transfusion), as well as to identify the factors related to the poor prognosis. METHODS: All of the full-term neonates who had undergone ECT for hyperbilirubinemia at Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 2001 to December 2011 were enrolled in this study. General demographic characteristics, comorbidities, pre- and post-exchange TSB(Total Serum Bilirubin) levels, duration and frequency of ECT, and clinical outcomes were recorded and analyzed anonymously...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653486/the-occurrence-of-porcine-circovirus-3-without-clinical-infection-signs-in-shandong-province
#14
S Zheng, X Wu, L Zhang, C Xin, Y Liu, J Shi, Z Peng, S Xu, F Fu, J Yu, W Sun, S Xu, J Li, J Wang
Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) was detected in Shandong, China. One hundred and thirty-two of 222 (59.46%) samples were PCV3 positive, while 52 of 132 (39.39%) samples were co-infected with PCV2. There were no clinical signs of infection in either multiparous sows or live-born infants. Two strains of PCV3 were indentified from natural stillborn foetuses. Phylogenetic analysis showed the two strains of PCV3 are 96% identical to the known PCV3/Pig/USA (KX778720.1, KX966193.1 and KX898030.1) and closely related to Barbel Circovirus...
June 26, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651839/post-vaccination-serologic-testing-of-infants-born-to-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-positive-mothers-in-4-provinces-of-china
#15
Fuzhen Wang, Guomin Zhang, Hui Zheng, Ning Miao, Liping Shen, Feng Wang, Pumei Dong, Fei Du, Chao Chen, Xiaoshu Zhang, Fuqiang Cui
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prenatal maternal hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening and post-vaccination hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) status and titers of babies born to HBsAg positive mothers, and to provide evidence for development of standard postvaccination serologic testing (PVST) strategies for babies born to HBsAg positive mothers in China. METHODS: In 2014, we conducted a baseline survey of HBV mother to child transmission (MTCT) interruption strategy implementation and PVST for babies born to HBsAg positive mothers after received 3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) in 8 counties in 4 Provinces...
June 23, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647972/-relationship-between-pesticide-exposure-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-among-reproductive-couples-in-rural-areas-of-china
#16
Y M Qu, S Chen, J J Li, R R Jin, H Pan, Y Jiang
Objective: To analyze the association between pesticide exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes in women from the rural areas of China. Methods: Data of "National Free Preconception Health Examination Project (NFPHEP)" from January 2010 to December 2012 was used for analysis. A total of 248 501 families that were planning to deliver a baby in the next 6 months were enrolled. Data on paternal exposure to pesticides before or during pregnancy was collected through questionnaires, with related outcomes on pregnancy recorded by doctors...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646689/association-between-maternal-urinary-chromium-and-premature-rupture-of-membranes-in-the-healthy-baby-cohort-study-in-china
#17
Sha Huang, Wei Xia, Yuanyuan Li, Bin Zhang, Aifen Zhou, Tongzhang Zheng, Zhengmin Qian, Zheng Huang, Shi Lu, Zhong Chen, Youjie Wang, Xinyun Pan, Wenqian Huo, Shuna Jin, Yangqian Jiang, Shunqing Xu
Chromium exposure from increasing industrial releases has become a threat for pregnant women due to the potential health effects on vulnerable embryos. Previous studies have suggested that maternal chromium exposure is associated with adverse birth outcomes, but no epidemiological research has been conducted to examine the relationship between chromium exposure and premature rupture of membranes (PROM). This study aimed at investigating the association of maternal urinary chromium exposure levels with PROM and was performed with 5408 pregnant women recruited from 2012 to 2014 in the city of Wuhan, China...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640919/the-measles-epidemic-trend-over-the-past-30-years-in-a-central-district-in-shanghai-china
#18
Jie Gao, Bing Shen, JianJing Xiong, Yihan Lu, Qingwu Jiang
BACKGROUND: Measles vaccination over the past 50 years has greatly reduced the incidence of measles. However, measles among migrants and the resulting changes in epidemiological characteristics have brought new challenges to the elimination of measles. We aim to describe the measles epidemic trend over the past 30 years in a central district in Shanghai, China. METHODS: The present study was conducted in the Jing'an District, which is located in the center of Shanghai...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630084/maternal-lifestyle-and-nutritional-status-in-relation-to-pregnancy-and-infant-health-outcomes-in-western-china-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Li Tang, Xiong-Fei Pan, Andy H Lee, Colin W Binns, Chun-Xia Yang, Xin Sun
INTRODUCTION: Improving the health and nutrition of women and children is a priority for Western China, where the economy is less developed. Due to the dynamic nature of lifestyle, modern food habits and nutrition, there is a need to update our limited knowledge and understanding of maternal lifestyle and nutritional status and their impact on pregnancy and infant health outcomes. While breast milk is the preferred feeding option, infant formula use is widespread in China. It is thus necessary to examine the effects of formula consumption on growth and morbidity...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628972/urinary-sexual-steroids-associated-with-bisphenol-a-bpa-exposure-in-the-early-infant-stage-preliminary-results-from-a-daishan-birth-cohort
#20
Heng Wang, Liangpo Liu, Jianyue Wang, Zhendong Tong, Jianbo Yan, Tongjie Zhang, Ying Qin, Tingting Jiang, Jianwen She, Heqing Shen
BACKGROUND: Many surveys have shown that older children are ubiquitously exposed to bisphenol A (BPA), and many laboratory studies have shown that BPA exposure has adverse effects related to estrogenic disruption, whereas the evidence in infants has not yet been observed. METHODS: Women in early pregnancy were recruited by the Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning Service Center, Daishan, China, from March 2012 to December 2014. After delivery, urine samples were collected from the diapers of 59 infants (0 to 6months of age)...
June 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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