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China infant

Meng Mao, Lan Zhang, John Ge, Jian Yan, Robert Northington, Manjiang Yao, Joyce Nowacki, Nicholas P Hays
To study feeding tolerance in infants fed formula with increased sn-2 palmitate and oligofructose (sn-2+OF) in a real-world setting, healthy Chinese infants were enrolled in this 48-day observational study on their current feeding regimens: exclusively breastfed (BF; n = 147), exclusively sn-2+OF formula-fed (FF; n = 150), or mixed-fed with breast milk and sn-2+OF formula (MF; n = 163). Throughout the study, incidence (90% confidence interval) of hard stools was ≤2.1% (0.0-5.3) in FF and 0.8% (0.0-3.5) in MF, with no hard stools in BF...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Jin-Zhen Su, Yu-Lan Yang, Rong Rong, Ben-Qing Wu
BACKGROUND: To detect the genotypes of pathogenic and colonization Candida albicans strains and to reveal whether there was a homologous relationship between these strains. METHODS: Pathogenic and colonization isolates were collected from infants in the NICU of Shenzhen People's Hospital (Shenzhen, People's Republic of China). rDNA identification, multilocus sequence typing (MLST), and multi-loci variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) were used for species confirmation, strain identification, phylogenetic tree clustering, and assessment of homology among the pathogenic and colonization strains...
December 26, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Xiaoshan Guan, Xiaoping Mu, Wenjing Ji, Chunlei Yuan, Ping He, Lian Zhang, Yanfen Huang, Juan Li, Jianfeng Chen, Huamin Zhong, Shuyin Pang, Nan Tan, Qiulian Deng, Kankan Gao, Yu-Ping Huang, Chien-Yi Chang, Haiying Liu
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in infants in both developed and developing countries. To our knowledge, only a few studies have been reported the clinical features, treatment and outcomes of the GBS disease in China. The severity of neonatal GBS disease in China remains unclear. Population-based surveillance in China is therefore required. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data of <3 months old infants with culture-positive GBS in sterile samples from three large urban tertiary hospitals in South China from Jan 2011 to Dec 2014...
January 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Dan Guo, Xuelian Cao, Shunming Li, Qianting Ou, Dongxin Lin, Zhenjiang Yao, Sidong Chen, Chuan'an Wu, Guoming Wen, Xiaohua Ye
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) remains a leading cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. This study aimed to determine the prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility, serotypes, and molecular characterization of GBS colonized in neonates. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a multistage sampling method. Swabs for GBS identification were taken from infants' ear, oral cavity, and umbilicus immediately after birth. All GBS isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility, resistance genes, serotyping, multilocus sequence typing, and virulence genes...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
Xueling Xin, Weijing Wang, Hui Xu, Zongyao Li, Dongfeng Zhang
PURPOSE: Early life exposure to famine may affect the susceptibility to metabolic disorders including dyslipidemia. However, few studies explored the association between them in Chinese population. We aimed to evaluate the association between Chinese famine (1959-1961) exposure during early life and the risk of dyslipidemia in adulthood. METHODS: The study performed a historic cohort study and data were from China Health and Nutrition Survey conducted in 2009. A total of 4843 subjects born between 1941 and 1966 were categorized into fetal-infant exposed group (N = 433), childhood exposed group (N = 2132), adolescence exposed group (N = 1140), and unexposed group (N = 1138), respectively...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Runying Zou, Fang Peng, Tian Yu, Saizhen Zeng, Yalan You, Keke Chen, Hui Zou, Xin Tian, Chengguang Zhu, Xiangling He
The present case report presented the diagnosis and treatment course of an infant diagnosed with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS) combined with hypercalcemia (HC). A 35-day-old infant with swelling on the upper right arm for >1 month and thrombocytopenia for 1 day was admitted to Hunan Provincial People's Hospital (Changsha, China) and a series of treatments, including γ-globulin impact, heparin anticoagulation, platelet transfusion, supplement of cryoprecipitate and fibrinogen following heparinization and inhabitation of vascular endothelial cell proliferation by propranolol, were performed...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Chunjiang Zhao, Zongbo Li, Feifei Zhang, Xiaobing Zhang, Ping Ji, Ji Zeng, Bijie Hu, Zhidong Hu, Kang Liao, Hongli Sun, Rong Zhang, Bin Cao, Chao Zhuo, Wei Jia, Yaning Mei, Yunzhuo Chu, Xuesong Xu, Qing Yang, Yan Jin, Quan Fu, Xiuli Xu, Hongling Li, Lijun Wang, Yuxing Ni, Hongjie Liang, Hui Wang
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae, the leading pathogen of bacterial infections in infants and the elderly, is responsible for pneumococcal diseases with severe morbidity and mortality. Emergence of drug-resistant strains presented new challenges for treatment and prevention. Vaccination has proven to be an effective means of preventing pneumococcal infection worldwide. Detailed epidemiological information of antibiotic susceptibilities and serotype distribution will be of great help to the management of pneumococcal infections...
December 29, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
Ravi Retnakaran, Shi Wu Wen, Hongzhuan Tan, Shujin Zhou, Chang Ye, Minxue Shen, Graeme N Smith, Mark C Walker
Importance: Gestational weight gain is a determinant of infant birth weight, but it is unclear whether its timing in pregnancy may hold implications in this regard. Previous studies have yielded conflicting findings on the association of maternal weight gain in early pregnancy with birth weight. However, as these studies have typically recruited women during the first trimester, they are inherently limited by a reliance on self-reported pregravid weight. Objective: To evaluate the associations of directly measured maternal pregravid weight and the timing of subsequent weight gain across pregnancy with infant birth weight...
December 26, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
Dongyi Yu, Shuo Li, Qi Liu, Kai Zhang
INSTRUCTION: Craniosynostosis is a human disorder characterized by the premature fusing of the cranial sutures in infants. Point mutations in hotspot genes such as FGFRs are the well-recognized causes of syndromic craniosynostosis, but chromosomal abbreviations may also play an important role in developing this disease. Here, we report the case in China of a 2-year-boy dolichocephaly craniosynostosis. Karyotyping by both G-bind staining and array-based DNA hybridization identified microduplications on Chromosomes 8p11...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yuan Liang, Jing Tian, Chun Ping Shen, Feng Xu, Hua Wang, Ping Li, Yan Ping Guo, Feng Lei Wei, Lin Ma
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic patient education is a continuous, systematic, patient-centered learning process to help patients and their families acquire and maintain the skills they need to manage their lives with a chronic disease. It has been proven effective in increasing treatment adherence and improving quality of life for patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) in Western countries. We introduce the first multicenter, randomized controlled clinical trial of therapeutic patient education in Chinese children with AD...
December 15, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
Li-Fang Sun, Ying-Ying Li, Bao-Xing Huang, Xiao-Ying Fu, Fang-Hua Yang, Dong-Li Ma, Qin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the reference ranges of six sex hormones, i.e., luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, progesterone, prolactin, estradiol, and testosterone, for healthy children aged 0-18 years in Shenzhen, China. METHODS: Stratified cluster sampling was performed to select 2 178 healthy children aged 0-18 years in the districts of Futian, Luohu, Nanshan, Bao'an, and Longgang in Shenzhen between September 2015 and September 2016. There were 1 219 boys and 959 girls, including 81 neonates, 335 infants, 346 young children, 469 preschool children, 419 school-aged children, and 528 adolescents...
December 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Cheng-Ju Wang, Shu-Lin Zhao, Liang Shen, Bin Hu, Xiao-Qin Pu, Y I Cai, Can Xiao, Yu-Ping Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences between the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) data from the infants at 38-58 weeks of postconceptual age in three hospitals in Chongqing, China and the America norms, and to provide a reference for the introduction and application of TIMP in China. METHODS: TIMP was used to assess 642 infants with 38-58 weeks of postconceptual age who visited the departments of preterm infants or child healthcare in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University, Shapingba Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Chongqing, and Chongqing Maternal and Child Health Hospital between January and December, 2016...
December 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Xuehu He, Xiuzhong Li, Yaqi Guo, Yue Zhao, Hui Dong, Jie Dong, Li Zhong, Zhiyun Shi, Yuying Zhang, Mario Soliman, Chunhua Song, Zhijun Zhao
Purpose: This study screens for deafness gene mutations in newborns in the Northwest China population. Method: The 9 sites of 4 common deafness genes (GJB2, GJB3, SLC26A4, and mt 12S rRNA) were detected by bloodspot-based gene chip array in 2,500 newborns. Results: We detected mutations of the 4 genes in 101 (4.04%) newborns; particularly, 0.20% detected the double mutations. In the Hui population, 4.58% of the newborns tested positive for mutations, whereas 4...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
Zhongzheng Li, Yuanbin Jia, Jing Guo, Xiaojun Wang, Shaomin Su, Yingying Liu, Yu Deng, Liangjing Liu, Weikun Shi, Renda Yang
The Miao medical LIU's (LIU Kaiyun) infant tuina genre in western Hunan Province is one of the most famous infant tuina genres in China. Based on physiological and pathological characteristics of infants, generation-inhibition theory of five-elements and Miao medical's promotion-inhibition theory of five-meridians, the tuina protocol of "Tui Wu Jing" was flexibly adjusted; according to different constitution types, including lung-deficiency type, spleen-deficiency type, kidney-deficiency type, qi-deficiency type, yin-deficiency type, yang-deficiency type, phlegm-wet type, phlegm-heat type, different protocols were adopted to prevent or reduce the asthma recurrence and reach the aim of regulating constitution and disease prevention...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Victor Grech
INTRODUCTION: Stress reduces the male to female ratio at birth (M/T). China's Great Leap Forward (11/1957-1/1961) had disastrous consequences with a catastrophic national famine that lasted between 1959 and 1961. This resulted in a reduction in births and an additional male birth deficit. This study was carried out in order to estimate the total pregnancy losses and M/T, along with these value's perinatal mortality rates equivalents. METHODS: Estimated M/T and births for 1956-61 and for the aggregates of 1956-58 and 1959-61 were calculated...
December 8, 2017: Early Human Development
Jing Zhao, Becky Freeman, Mu Li
BACKGROUND: Globally, with the popularization of mobile phones, the number of health-related mobile phone apps has skyrocketed to 259,000 in 2016. In the digital era, people are accessing health information through their fingertips. In China, there are several apps that claim to provide infant feeding and nutrition guidance. However, the quality of information in those apps has not been extensively assessed. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the quality of Chinese infant feeding apps using comprehensive quality assessment criteria and to explore Chinese mothers' perceptions on apps' quality and usability...
December 6, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Yabin Hu, Kun Huang, Yuanfang Sun, Jianqing Wang, Yeqing Xu, Shuangqin Yan, Peng Zhu, Fangbiao Tao
BACKGROUND: Caesarean delivery rate is increasing gradually in China and there is no doubt that delivery mode is closely associated with the maternal health and infant development.This study examined the independent effect of delivery mode on placenta inflammation response and oxidative stress response. METHODS: A total of 3474 pregnant women recruited in Ma'anshan Birth Cohort Study were the initial study population. Data on maternal socio-demographic characteristics and pre-pregnancy BMI were collected at their 1st antenatal checkups...
December 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Ling Yi, Chaomin Wan, Changfei Deng, Xiaohong Li, Kui Deng, Yi Mu, Jun Zhu, Qi Li, Yanping Wang, Li Dai
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the epidemiology of congenital hydrocephalus (CH) in China. This study aimed to depict recent changes in CH prevalence and perinatal outcomes of the affected newborns. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Chinese Birth Defects Monitoring Network (CBDMN), which collects demographic information on all newborns above 28 weeks of gestation, and clinical information on neonates with congenital anomalies. CH cases delivered during 2005-2012 were analyzed...
December 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Qinrui Li, Furong Liang, Weilan Liang, Jing Zhang, Manman Niu, Ying Han
Objective: An increasing number of parents in China ask grandparents or babysitters to care for their children. Modern parents are often the only child in their family because of China's One-Child Policy and thus may lack interaction with siblings. Accordingly, the present study aimed to explore whether different caregivers affect the physical and development of infants in China. Methods: In total, 2,514 infants were enrolled in our study. We assessed their weight-for-age, supine length-for-age, weight-for-length, occipital-frontal circumference, and Denver Developmental Screening Test (DDST) results and recorded their general parental information and their primary caregivers...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Kai-Ping Wei, Feng-Cai Zhu, Jian-Xun Liu, Ling Yan, Ying Lu, Xiang-Jun Zhai, Zhan-Jun Chang, Ying Zeng, Jie Li, Hui Zhuang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A birth dose of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG), in combination with hepatitis B vaccine (HepB), is recommended for infants born to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive mothers. However, the optimal dosage of HBIG remains to be resolved. This prospective cohort study aimed to compare the efficacy of two dosages of HBIG combined with HepB to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HBV. METHODS: From 2009 to 2011, we prospectively enrolled mother-infant pairs with positive maternal HBsAg in China...
November 28, 2017: Vaccine
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