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China infant

Fengcai Zhu, Henri Deckx, Raphaele Roten, Bart Michiels, Michal Sarnecki
AIM: Compare efficacy, immunogenicity and safety of Hepavax-Gene TF (thimerosal free) vaccine with comparator in Chinese neonates. METHODS: Double-blind, randomized, parallel-group, stratified study was conducted at multiple sites in China in healthy neonates, consisting of three doses of Hepavax-Gene TF or Engerix-B vaccines administered at birth, one and six months of age, with a six month follow-up after vaccination. Based on hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection status of mothers, infants were assigned to one of two study strata for mothers positive for HBV infection (Stratum 1), with or without active replicating virus (Substrata 1a, 1b) and for HBV negative mothers (Stratum 2)...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Li-Hong Shang, Li-Jing Xiong, Li-Rong Liu, Xiao-Zhi Deng, Xiao-Li Xie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiological and clinical features of calicivirus-associated diarrhea in hospitalized children in Chengdu, China in recent years. METHODS: The clinical data of 267 children with calicivirus-associated diarrhea aged <5 years who were hospitalized in Chengdu Women and Children's Central Hospital (the only sentinel hospital for sample collection of pediatric viral diarrhea in Chengdu, Sichuan) between January 2012 and December 2014 were retrospectively studied...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Li Wei, Zhang Qiong, Shen Xiao-Ting, Liu Yu-Jie, Mao Jian-Hua, Shu Qiang, Shang Shi-Qiang
Enterovirus (EV) has over 100 serotypes of species A-D, which can cause various symptoms in infants. Enterovirus encephalitis (EVE) is serve disease with high morbidity and mortality in children. To well define the epidemiology of EVE, we wanted to know more about EV and EV molecular typing by conducting this study in Hangzhou.Cerebrospinal fluid samples were collected from children with diagnosis of encephalitis. Meanwhile, one-step real-time RT-PCR was used for the detection of EV, and we also identified the serotypes of EV by using gene sequencing of VP1 or 5'UTR region...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xiangrong Cui, Xuan Jing, Xueqing Wu, Meiqin Yan
Male infertility is a complex, multifactorial and polygenic disease that contributes to ~50% cases of infertility. Previous studies have demonstrated that excess weight and obesity factors serve an important role in the development of male infertility. An increasing number of studies have reported that resveratrol may regulate the response of cells to specific stimuli that induce cell injury, as well as decrease germ cell apoptosis in mice or rats. In the present study, the semen quality and serum sex hormone levels were evaluated in 324 men, which included 73 underweight, 82 normal weight, 95 overweight and 74 obese men...
October 12, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Wen Tang, Yi Mu, Xiaohong Li, Yanping Wang, Zheng Liu, Qi Li, Mingrong Li, Robert Scherpbier, Sufang Guo, Xiaona Huang, Leni Kang, Jun Zhu, Juan Liang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify new evidence about the burden and risk factors of low birthweight (LBW) in China using national facility-based data. METHODS: The association between sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics and LBW was examined using a multilevel model, taking into account the clustering of livebirths within hospitals and multiple gestations per woman. RESULTS: There were 3 915 965 deliveries and 235 247 cases born with LBW, producing a LBW rate of 5...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Kristy A Bolton, Peter Kremer, Kylie D Hesketh, Rachel Laws, Karen J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Rapid growth in the first six months of life is a well-established risk factor for childhood obesity, and child feeding practices (supplementation or substitution of breast milk with formula and early introduction of solids) have been reported to predict this. The third largest immigrant group in Australia originate from China. Case-studies reported from Victorian Maternal and Child Health nurses suggest that rapid growth trajectories in the infants of Chinese parents is common place...
October 11, 2016: BMC Public Health
Qian Wang, Linhong Wang, Liwen Fang, Ailing Wang, Xi Jin, Fang Wang, Xiaoyan Wang, Yaping Qiao, Sheena G Sullivan, Shannon Rutherford, Lei Zhang
This study investigates the improvement of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in China during 2004-2011. A clinic-based prospective study was conducted among HIV-positive pregnant women and their children in eight counties across China. Associated factors of mother-to-child transmission were analyzed using regression analysis. A total of 1,387 HIV+ pregnant women and 1,377 HIV-exposed infants were enrolled. The proportion of pregnant women who received HIV testing increased significantly from 45...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
Xue-Qing Zhao, Li-Yan Wang, Cong-Min Zhao, Qing Men, Zhi-Feng Wu, Yu-Ping Zhang
PURPOSE: Positional plagiocephaly (PP) is the most common subtype of asymmetric deformity in the infant skull. Cumulative evidence has demonstrated that PP is associated with abnormal neuromotor development; however, neurological assessment scores of infants with PP have not been well established, and PP has not attracted sufficient attention in China. This study used a Chinese version of the Infant Neurological International Battery (INFANIB) to identify neurological abnormalities among infants with PP and to determine the differences between infants with different (mild, moderate, and severe) degrees of PP...
October 7, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Shi-An Yin, Zhen-Yu Yang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Understanding human milk composition is critical for setting nutrient recommended intakes (RNIs) for both infants and lactating women. However, nationwide human milk composition remains unavailable in China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Through cross-sectional study, human milk samples from 11 provinces in China were collected and their compositions were analyzed. Nutritional and health status of the lactating women and their infants were evaluated through questionnaire, physical examination and biochemical indicators...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jian Guo Wen, Xin Jian Liu, Zhi Min Wang, Tian Fang Li, Mark L Wahlqvist
The melamine contaminated milk powder contamination scandal occurred in China in 2008. Its main consequences so far have been urinary stone formation in children with associated renal damage and increased child mortality. Eight years have passed, but food safety issues still remain of concern in the daily lives of millions of Chinese. Vigilance is required to ensure no recurrence of such food safety problems. Ongoing studies focus on the early detection of food industry malpractice, mechanisms whereby these toxic substances induce disease and how its advent may be prevented and better managed...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jing Tan, Shiyao Huang, Guolin He, Li Tang, Yan Ren, Jinghuan Zheng, Xinghui Liu, Xin Sun
Objective To explore the impact of maternal hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carrier status on neonatal outcomes. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from medical records database of six hospitals in China. Information on maternal characteristics and selected neonatal outcomes was retrieved for all women who delivered singleton infants between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2010.Results A total of 21,947 singleton newborns and their mothers were included. The prevalence of maternal HBsAg positivity was 4...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Huaiqing Deng, Kai Gao, Jiang Zhou
Alarm calls are important defensive behaviors. Here, we report the acoustic spectrum characteristics of alarm calls produced by Hainan gibbons (Nomascus hainanus) inhabiting Bawangling National Nature Reserve in Hainan, China. Analysis of call data collected from 2002-2014 shows that alarm calls are emitted by all family group members, except infants. Alarm behavior included simple short alarming calls (7-10 min) followed by longer variable-frequency mobbing calls lasting 5-12 min. The duration of individual alarming and mobbing calls was 0...
September 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
Xinnan Zong, Hui Li, Yaqin Zhang, Huahong Wu
BACKGROUND: It is important to update weight-for-length/height growth curves in China and reexamine their performance in screening malnutrition. AIM: To develop weight-for-length/height growth curves for Chinese children and adolescents. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 94,302 children aged 0-19 years with complete sex, age, weight and length/height data were obtained from two cross-sectional large-scaled national surveys in China. Weight-for-length/height growth curves were constructed using the LMS method before and after average spermarcheal/menarcheal ages, respectively...
September 26, 2016: Annals of Human Biology
Claude Kwe Yinda, Mark Zeller, Nádia Conceição-Neto, Piet Maes, Ward Deboutte, Leen Beller, Elisabeth Heylen, Stephen Mbigha Ghogomu, Marc Van Ranst, Jelle Matthijnssens
Bats are an important reservoir for zoonotic viruses. To date, only three RVA strains have been reported in bats in Kenya and China. In the current study we investigated the genetic diversity of RVAs in fecal samples from 87 straw-colored fruit bats living in close contact with humans in Cameroon using viral metagenomics. Five (near) complete RVA genomes were obtained. A single RVA strain showed a partial relationship with the Kenyan bat RVA strain, whereas the other strains were completely novel. Only the VP7 and VP4 genes showed significant variability, indicating the occurrence of frequent reassortment events...
September 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Fang Gu, Mingfen Deng, Jun Gao, Zilian Wang, Chenhui Ding, Yanwen Xu, Canquan Zhou
BACKGROUND: Embryo culture media used for IVF treatment might affect fetal growth and thus birthweight of the newborns. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in South China using data from 2370 singleton neonates born after IVF/ICSI between 2009 and 2012. Two culture media, i.e., either Vitrolife or SAGE were used as embryo culture media during the study period. Neonates' birthweights were compared between the two embryo culture media groups. RESULTS: Among the 2370 singletons, 1755 cases came from fresh cleavage embryo transfer while 615 were from frozen-thawed cleavage embryo transfer...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Junhong Leng, John Hay, Gongshu Liu, Jing Zhang, Jing Wang, Huihuan Liu, Xilin Yang, Jian Liu
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether maternal low blood glucose (BG), low body mass index (BMI) and small stature have a joint effect on the risk of delivery of a small-for-gestational age (SGA) infant. DESIGN: Women from a perinatal cohort were followed up from receiving perinatal healthcare to giving birth. SETTING: Beichen District, Tianjin, China between June 2011 and October 2012. PARTICIPANTS: 1572 women aged 19-39 years with valid values of stature, BMI and BG level at gestational diabetes mellitus screening (gestational weeks 24-28), glucose challenge test <7...
September 15, 2016: BMJ Open
Shi-Fa Zhang, Zong-Sheng Tang, Ling Tong, Xiang-Xiang Tao, Qi-Feng Suo, Xue-Mei Xu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Probiotics is recognized to promote growth performance and immune function via balancing the intestinal microflora. Live clostridium butyricum and bifidobacterium combined powder (LCBBCP) has been widely to treat intestinal dysbacteriosis in newborns in China. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of the combined probiotics on the expression of B and T lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA) on CD4(+) T cells and the differentiation of lymphocyte subsets in late preterm infants...
September 10, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
Zhixiong Shi, Lei Zhang, Jingguang Li, Yunfeng Zhao, Zhiwei Sun, Xianqing Zhou, Yongning Wu
On the basis of the fifth Chinese total diet study (TDS) performed in 2011, the dietary exposure of the Chinese population to novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs) was assessed. Six NBFRs were determined in 80 composite samples from four animal origin food groups and 29 pooled human milk samples. Based on gas chromatography-negative chemical ionization mass spectrometry (GC-NCI/MS) analysis, the levels of the total NBFRs ranged from <LOD to 70.2ng/g lipid weight (lw) in food composites and from 2.48 to 23...
September 9, 2016: Environment International
Rongcheng Li, Kong-Xiong Fang, Mariano Young, Xin Zhou, Zhangjing Chen, John Z Liang, Peter C Giardina, Daniel A Scott
BACKGROUND: In a previous study, Chinese infants were vaccinated with 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) ⩾7days before routine diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP); PCV7 administered concomitantly with DTaP (PCV7+DTaP); or DTaP alone. This study examined antibody persistence at a single time point 3years after the last vaccination. METHODS: Children who participated in the prior PCV7 study were eligible to participate. A single blood sample was drawn at enrollment...
October 17, 2016: Vaccine
Shufen Xing, Quan Zhou, Marc Archer, Jianhong Yue, Zhengyan Wang
BACKGROUND: The differential susceptibility hypothesis suggests that children's innate characteristics and their rearing experiences interact differentially during development. Recently, the study of interactions between infants' temperament and rearing experiences has become a research hotspot. In China, grandparental care is a very common phenomenon, with many infants taken care of by grandparents while mothers are out for work. AIM: To investigate whether the associations between maternal and grandmaternal sensitivity, and behavior problems were moderated by infant temperamental reactivity, while the infants were raised by both their mothers and grandmothers...
October 2016: Early Human Development
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