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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934274/desert-soil-clay-content-estimation-using-reflectance-spectroscopy-preprocessed-by-fractional-derivative
#1
Jingzhe Wang, Tashpolat Tiyip, Jianli Ding, Dong Zhang, Wei Liu, Fei Wang, Nigara Tashpolat
Effective pretreatment of spectral reflectance is vital to model accuracy in soil parameter estimation. However, the classic integer derivative has some disadvantages, including spectral information loss and the introduction of high-frequency noise. In this paper, the fractional order derivative algorithm was applied to the pretreatment and partial least squares regression (PLSR) was used to assess the clay content of desert soils. Overall, 103 soil samples were collected from the Ebinur Lake basin in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of China, and used as data sets for calibration and validation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926582/selection-of-possible-signature-peptides-for-the-detection-of-bovine-lactoferrin-in-infant-formulas-by-lc-ms-ms
#2
Mingmei Yuan, Cong Feng, Shouyun Wang, Weiwei Zhang, Mo Chen, Hong Jiang, Xuesong Feng
An LC-MS/MS assay based on a signature peptide was developed and fully validated for the quantitation of bovine lactoferrin in infant formulas. Three unreported signature peptides were derived and identified from the tryptic peptides of bovine lactoferrin. The peptide ETTVFENLPEK was used for quantification based on assay performance. The blank matrix camel milk powder and bovine lactoferrin protein standards were mixed and spiked with stable isotope-labeled internal standard to establish a calibration curve...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912423/the-chinese-herbal-formula-free-and-easy-wanderer-ameliorates-oxidative-stress-through-keap1-nrf2-ho-1-pathway
#3
Chunlan Hong, Jingming Cao, Ching-Fen Wu, Onat Kadioglu, Anja Schüffler, Ulrich Kauhl, Sabine M Klauck, Till Opatz, Eckhard Thines, Norbert W Paul, Thomas Efferth
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) gains a lot of attention due to high prevalence and strong psychological upset, but the etiology remains undefined and effective treatment is quite limited. Growing studies demonstrated the involvement of oxidative stress in various psychiatry diseases, suggesting anti-oxidation therapy might be a strategy for PTSD treatment. Free and Easy Wanderer (FAEW) is a poly-herbal drug clinically used in China for hundreds of years in the treatment of psychiatric disorder. We hypothesized that FAEW exerts clinical effects through the activity against oxidative stress with fluoxetine as antidepressant control drug...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910938/-comparison-of-commercial-hiv-1-viral-load-tests-by-using-proficiency-test-results-in-china-2013-2015
#4
L Zhang, C Jin, Z Jiang, T Tang, Y Jiang, P L Pan
Objective: To compare the bio-equivalence among commercial HIV-1 viral load tests, including EasyQ HIV-1 v2.0 (EasyQ) from bioMerieux NucliSens of France; VERSANT HIV-1 RNA 3.0 assay (bDNA) from Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics of USA; COBAS AmpliPrep/COBAS TaqMan HIV-1 test (Taqman) from Roche Molecular Diagnosis of USA; Abbott Real Time HIV-1 Kit (M2000) from Abbott Molecular of USA and two domestic HIV-1 viral load test kits (domestic kit) from DaAn Gene Company of Sun Yat-Sen University and Liaoning Bio-Pharmaceutical company of Northeast pharmaceutical group, by using proficiency test results in China from 2013 to 2015...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900482/study-on-inhibitory-effect-of-maimendong-decoction-and-weijing-decoction-combination-with-cisplatin-on-nci-a549-xenograft-in-nude-mice-and-its-mechanism
#5
Fei Xiong, Miao Jiang, Meijuan Chen, Xiaoxia Wang, Shiping Zhang, Jing Zhou, Ke Li, Yan Sheng, Lian Yin, Yuping Tang, Lihong Ye, Mianhua Wu, Haian Fu, Xu Zhang
MaiMenDong Decoction and WeiJing Decoction (Jin formula) is a traditional Chinese medication that consists of 8 medicinal plants, which recorded in the classical TCM literature Jin Kui Yao Lue and has been utilized in the treatment of lung diseases for hundreds of years in China. The present study aimed to determine the anti-tumor activity and the underlying mechanisms of Jin formula combined with cisplatin in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Xenograft model of NCI-A549 was established in Balb/c nude mice...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900141/dianxianning-improved-amyloid-%C3%AE-induced-pathological-characteristics-partially-through-daf-2-daf-16-insulin-like-pathway-in-transgenic-c-elegans
#6
Dejuan Zhi, Dong Wang, Wenqi Yang, Ziyun Duan, Shuqian Zhu, Juan Dong, Na Wang, Ningbo Wang, Dongqing Fei, Zhanxin Zhang, Xin Wang, Meizhu Wang, Hongyu Li
Dianxianning (DXN) is a traditional Chinese formula, and has been approved in China for treating epilepsy since 1996. Here anti-Alzheimer's disease activity of DXN has been reported. DXN improved AD-like symptoms of paralysis and 5-HT sensitivity of transgenic Aβ1-42 C. elegans. In worms, DXN significantly increased Aβ monomers and decreased the toxic Aβ oligomers, thus reducing Aβ toxicity. DXN significantly suppressed the expression of hsp-16.2 induced by juglone, and up-regulated sod-3 expression. These results indicated that DXN increased stress resistance and protected C...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886478/chaihu-shu-gan-san-regulates-phospholipids-and-bile-acid-metabolism-against-hepatic-injury-induced-by-chronic-unpredictable-stress-in-rat
#7
Hong-Mei Jia, Meng Yu, Li-Yan Ma, Hong-Wu Zhang, Zhong-Mei Zou
Chaihu-Shu-Gan-San (CSGS) is a famous classic traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) formula for treatment of liver stagnancy recorded in a famous book of traditional Chinese medicine, Jing Yue Quan Shu published in 1624. It has been extensively accepted as an antidepressant in China and its mechanism of action is still not clear. Previously we have found that hepatic injury happens in chronic unpredicted mild stress (CUMS). Thus, the protection of CSGS against hepatic injury induced by CUMS treatment was explored by metabonomics study and gene expression of the rat liver tissue...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868577/x-chromosomal-str-based-genetic-structure-of-sichuan-tibetan-minority-ethnicity-group-and-its-relationships-to-various-groups
#8
Guanglin He, Ye Li, Xing Zou, Ying Zhang, Hepei Li, Mengge Wang, Jin Wu
The X-chromosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) with more informative than autosomal STRs in some complicated biological relationships identification due to its specific mode of genetic transmission can be used as a complementary tool in forensic case practices. In this study, we presented the population genetic data of 19 X-STRs, consisting of DXS10174, DXS10075, DXS10079, DXS101, DXS10101, DXS10103, DXS10134, DXS10135, DXS10148, DXS10159, DXS10162, DXS10164, DXS6789, DXS6809, DXS7132, DXS7423, DXS7424, DXS8378, and HPRTB loci, in a sample of 235 individuals of Tibetan nationality from Sichuan province, Southwest China...
September 3, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857507/innovation-of-clinical-trials-in-china-commentary-on-the-publication-of-consort-extension-for-chinese-herbal-medicine-formulas-2017-recommendations-explanation-and-elaboration
#9
Taixiang Wu, Zhaoxiang Bian, Hongcai Shang, Youping Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852079/cesarean-section-without-medical-indication-and-risks-of-childhood-allergic-disorder-attenuated-by-breastfeeding
#10
Shuyuan Chu, Yunting Zhang, Yanrui Jiang, Wanqi Sun, Qi Zhu, Bin Wang, Fan Jiang, Jun Zhang
Caesarean section (CS) may increase the risk of asthma and allergic diseases in children, but previous studies could not preclude the potential confounding effect of underlying medical indications for CS. We aim to assess the association between CS itself (without indications) and risks of asthma and allergic rhinitis in children. The 2014 Shanghai Children's Health, Education and Lifestyle Evaluation was a large population-based survey with cluster random probability sampling in 26 primary schools in Shanghai, China, in 2014...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840586/analysis-on-composition-rules-of-chinese-patent-drugs-treating-pain-related-diseases-based-on-data-mining-method
#11
Shi-Huan Tang, Dan Shen, Hong-Jun Yang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the composition rules of oral prescriptions in the treatment of headache, stomachache and dysmenorrhea recorded in National Standard for Chinese Patent Drugs (NSCPD) enacted by Ministry of Public Health of China and then make comparison between them to better understand pain treatment in different regions of human body. METHODS: Constructed NSCPD database had been constructed in 2014. Prescriptions treating the three pain-related diseases were searched and screened from the database...
August 24, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830215/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-acupressure-for-postoperative-gastrointestinal-symptoms-among-abdominal-surgery-patients
#12
Yunhong Liu, Winnie P Y Tang, Shengxiang Gong, Carmen W H Chan
Postoperative ileus is a common and often life-threatening gastrointestinal complication with few management methods available for patients. Integrating acupressure into perioperative care promises to bring benefits into preventing postoperative ileus. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to evaluate the efficacy of acupressure in identifying the signs and symptoms of postoperative ileus among patients undergoing abdominal surgery. The MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, CINAHL, China Journal Net and Wanfang databases were searched for high-quality RCTs using keywords such as acupressure, postoperative ileus, abdominal surgery, etc...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830214/anti-inflammatory-and-immunostimulatory-activities-of-astragalosides
#13
Yan Qi, Feng Gao, Lifei Hou, Chunping Wan
Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch) Bge(Huang-Qi) is a well-known herbal medicine with tonic property and has been widely used to treat cancer and other immune disorders in China and Southeast Asia for thousands of years. Accumulating evidence suggests that Huang-Qi possesses both immune-boosting and anti-inflammatory/immune-regulatory effects clinically, leaving the mechanism elusive. Recently, we discovered that Astragaloside (ASI), a major active component of Huang-Qi, is able to increase CD45 phosphatase activity...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817647/caprine-brucellosis-a-historically-neglected-disease-with-significant-impact-on-public-health
#14
REVIEW
Carlos A Rossetti, Angela M Arenas-Gamboa, Estefanía Maurizio
Caprine brucellosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by the gram-negative cocci-bacillus Brucella melitensis. Middle- to late-term abortion, stillbirths, and the delivery of weak offspring are the characteristic clinical signs of the disease that is associated with an extensive negative impact in a flock's productivity. B. melitensis is also the most virulent Brucella species for humans, responsible for a severely debilitating and disabling illness that results in high morbidity with intermittent fever, chills, sweats, weakness, myalgia, abortion, osteoarticular complications, endocarditis, depression, anorexia, and low mortality...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807167/treatment-of-insomnia-with-traditional-chinese-herbal-medicine
#15
Amrinder Singh, Kaicun Zhao
Insomnia is a condition with sleep problems and many people suffered from it. Chronic insomnia can last for long time and it will severely affect people's health and the quality of life. In conventional medicine, the most commonly used the medicine is benzodiazepine. It is effective but also has significant side effects. Patients try to use some kinds of alternative medicines. Chinese medicinal herbs and formulas have been used in the treatment of insomnia for more than 2000 years in China. In recent decades, Chinese herbal medicine has been widely used in the Western countries...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807165/effect-and-mechanism-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Bai-Yun Zeng
Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Although both genetic and environmental factors are implicated in the development of Parkinson's disease, the cause of the disease is still unclear. So far conventional treatments to Parkinson's are symptomatic relief and focused mainly on motor symptoms. Chinese herbal medicine has been used to treat many conditions in China, Korea, Japan, and many Southeast Asian countries for 1000 years. During past a few decades, Chinese herbal medicine has gained wider and increasing acceptance within both public and medical profession due to its effectiveness on many conditions in western countries...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807100/two-cases-of-multi-antibiotic-resistant-cronobacter-spp-infections-of-infants-in-china
#17
Jing Hua Cui, Bo Yu, Yun Xiang, Zhen Zhang, Ting Zhang, Ying Chun Zeng, Zhi Gang Cui, Xi Xiang Huo
Infections by Cronobacter spp. are hazardous to infants since they can lead to neonatal meningitis, bacteremia, and necrotizing enterocolitis. Cronobacter spp. are frequently resistant to β-lactam derivatives, macrolides, and aminoglycosides. In addition, multi-resistant strains have also been detected. In China, the isolation rate of Cronobacter spp. from commercial powdered infant formula (PIF) or follow-up formula (FUF) is relatively high. Nevertheless, clinical cases of Cronobacter infection have been ignored to date...
August 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807091/rapid-and-sensitive-determination-of-13-components-in-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-formula-of-da-huang-gan-cao-decoction-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-triple-quadrupole-mass-spectrometry
#18
Jialin Qu, Nan Xiao, Hua Sui, Lina Liang, Jing Chen, Weiling Li, Dong Shang
Da-Huang-Gan-Cao decoction (DHGCD), which is a classic formula in traditional Chinese medicine, has been clinically used for the treatment of vomiting, constipation, pancreatitis, and cholelithiasis in China and Japan. In this study, a rapid and validated method using HPLC coupled with triple quadrupole MS was developed for the simultaneous determination of 13 components in DHGCD. Separation was performed on an XBridge BEH C18 column (50 × 2.1 mm, 2.5 μm) with a gradient elution of acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid in water...
September 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795387/gefitinib-plus-fuzheng-kang-ai-formula-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-with-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Xiao-Bing Yang, Xiao-Shu Chai, Wan-Yin Wu, Shun-Qin Long, Hong Deng, Zong-Qi Pan, Wen-Feng He, Yu-Shu Zhou, Gui-Ya Liao, Shu-Jing Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Fuzheng Kang'ai Formula (, FZKA) plus gefitinib in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted from 2009 to 2012 in South China. Seventy chemotherapynaive patients diagnosed with stage IIIB/IV non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR mutations were randomly assigned to GF group [gefifitinib (250 mg/day orally) plus FZKA (250 mL, twice per day, orally); 35 cases] or G group (gefifitinib 250 mg/day orally; 35 cases) according to the random number table and received treatment until progression of the disease, or development of unacceptable toxicities...
August 9, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778039/simultaneous-quantification-six-active-compounds-in-rat-plasma-by-uplc-ms-ms-and-its-application-to-a-pharmacokinetic-study-of-pien-tze-huang
#20
Wen Xu, Yiping Zhang, Caijie Zhou, Yanni Tai, Xiaoqing Zhang, Jie Liu, Mei Sha, Mingqing Huang, Yanlin Zhu, Jun Peng, Jin-Jian Lu
Pien-Tze-Huang (PZH) is a popular traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula in China, but its pharmacokinetics has not been investigated yet. To better study the pharmacokinetic behaviors of PZH, an optimal ultra-performance liquid chromatography with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was developed for rapid quantification of six compounds (notoginsenoside R1, ginsenosides Re, Rg1, Rb1, Rd, and muscone) in rat plasma after oral administration of PZH. All analytes were extracted by protein precipitation with acetonitrile and separated on a Waters Acquity Cortecs C18 column within 3...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
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