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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807167/treatment-of-insomnia-with-traditional-chinese-herbal-medicine
#1
Amrinder Singh, Kaicun Zhao
Insomnia is a condition with sleep problems and many people suffered from it. Chronic insomnia can last for long time and it will severely affect people's health and the quality of life. In conventional medicine, the most commonly used the medicine is benzodiazepine. It is effective but also has significant side effects. Patients try to use some kinds of alternative medicines. Chinese medicinal herbs and formulas have been used in the treatment of insomnia for more than 2000 years in China. In recent decades, Chinese herbal medicine has been widely used in the Western countries...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807165/effect-and-mechanism-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Bai-Yun Zeng
Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Although both genetic and environmental factors are implicated in the development of Parkinson's disease, the cause of the disease is still unclear. So far conventional treatments to Parkinson's are symptomatic relief and focused mainly on motor symptoms. Chinese herbal medicine has been used to treat many conditions in China, Korea, Japan, and many Southeast Asian countries for 1000 years. During past a few decades, Chinese herbal medicine has gained wider and increasing acceptance within both public and medical profession due to its effectiveness on many conditions in western countries...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807100/two-cases-of-multi-antibiotic-resistant-cronobacter-spp-infections-of-infants-in-china
#3
Jing Hua Cui, Bo Yu, Yun Xiang, Zhen Zhang, Ting Zhang, Ying Chun Zeng, Zhi Gang Cui, Xi Xiang Huo
Infections by Cronobacter spp. are hazardous to infants since they can lead to neonatal meningitis, bacteremia, and necrotizing enterocolitis. Cronobacter spp. are frequently resistant to β-lactam derivatives, macrolides, and aminoglycosides. In addition, multi-resistant strains have also been detected. In China, the isolation rate of Cronobacter spp. from commercial powdered infant formula (PIF) or follow-up formula (FUF) is relatively high. Nevertheless, clinical cases of Cronobacter infection have been ignored to date...
August 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807091/rapid-and-sensitive-determination-of-13-components-in-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-formula-of-da-huang-gan-cao-decoction-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-triple-quadrupole-mass-spectrometry
#4
Jialin Qu, Nan Xiao, Hua Sui, Lina Liang, Jing Chen, Weiling Li, Dong Shang
Da-Huang-Gan-Cao decoction (DHGCD), which is a classic formula in traditional Chinese medicine, has been clinically used for the treatment of vomiting, constipation, pancreatitis, and cholelithiasis in China and Japan. In this study, a rapid and validated method using HPLC coupled with triple quadrupole MS was developed for the simultaneous determination of 13 components in DHGCD. Separation was performed on an XBridge BEH C18 column (50 × 2.1 mm, 2.5 μm) with a gradient elution of acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid in water...
June 15, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795387/gefitinib-plus-fuzheng-kang-ai-formula-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-with-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Xiao-Bing Yang, Xiao-Shu Chai, Wan-Yin Wu, Shun-Qin Long, Hong Deng, Zong-Qi Pan, Wen-Feng He, Yu-Shu Zhou, Gui-Ya Liao, Shu-Jing Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Fuzheng Kang'ai Formula (, FZKA) plus gefitinib in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted from 2009 to 2012 in South China. Seventy chemotherapynaive patients diagnosed with stage IIIB/IV non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR mutations were randomly assigned to GF group [gefifitinib (250 mg/day orally) plus FZKA (250 mL, twice per day, orally); 35 cases] or G group (gefifitinib 250 mg/day orally; 35 cases) according to the random number table and received treatment until progression of the disease, or development of unacceptable toxicities...
August 9, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778039/simultaneous-quantification-six-active-compounds-in-rat-plasma-by-uplc-ms-ms-and-its-application-to-a-pharmacokinetic-study-of-pien-tze-huang
#6
Wen Xu, Yiping Zhang, Caijie Zhou, Yanni Tai, Xiaoqing Zhang, Jie Liu, Mei Sha, Mingqing Huang, Yanlin Zhu, Jun Peng, Jin-Jian Lu
Pien-Tze-Huang (PZH) is a popular traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula in China, but its pharmacokinetics has not been investigated yet. To better study the pharmacokinetic behaviors of PZH, an optimal ultra-performance liquid chromatography with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was developed for rapid quantification of six compounds (notoginsenoside R1, ginsenosides Re, Rg1, Rb1, Rd, and muscone) in rat plasma after oral administration of PZH. All analytes were extracted by protein precipitation with acetonitrile and separated on a Waters Acquity Cortecs C18 column within 3...
July 23, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772140/enhancing-future-resilience-in-urban-drainage-system-green-versus-grey-infrastructure
#7
Xin Dong, Hao Guo, Siyu Zeng
In recent years, the concept transition from fail-safe to safe-to-fail makes the application of resilience analysis popular in urban drainage systems (UDSs) with various implications and quantifications. However, most existing definitions of UDSs resilience are confined to the severity of flooding, while uncertainties from climate change and urbanization are not considered. In this research, we take into account the functional variety, topological complexity, and disturbance randomness of UDSs and define a new formula of resilience based on three parts of system severity, i...
July 17, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769611/a-new-species-of-uralaphorura-martynova-1978-from-northeast-china-with-a-key-to-world-species-of-the-genus-collembola-onychiuridae
#8
Zhijing Xie, Xin Sun, Wanda Maria Weiner
A new species, Uralaphorura liangshuiensissp. n., has been reported from Xiao Hinggan Mountains (northeast China). The new species is unique in having the pso formulae as 32/133/33332 dorsally and 0/000/0001(0) ventrally, and the ventral psx formula as 3/000/221000. A key to all known species of the genus is given.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753035/quantitative-prevalence-phenotypic-and-genotypic-characteristics-of-bacillus-cereus-isolated-from-retail-infant-foods-in-china
#9
Yunyi Zhang, Jiancai Chen, Chunyan Feng, Li Zhan, Junyan Zhang, Yi Li, Yong Yang, Honghu Chen, Zheng Zhang, Yanjun Zhang, Lingling Mei, Haifeng Li
Bacillus cereus is an important foodborne pathogen, which can cause severe food poisoning. The aim of this study was (i) to evaluate the quantitative prevalence of B. cereus in retail prepackaged infant formula and ready-to-eat rice flour in China and (ii) to gain the basic information on pheno- and genotypic characteristics of B. cereus isolates. We found that 40 out of the 587 samples were positive for B. cereus. B. cereus in 3.5% of infant formula samples and 1.0% of rice flour samples outnumbered 100 Colony-Forming Units (CFU)/g...
July 28, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749429/establishment-of-a-site-specific-tropospheric-model-based-on-ground-meteorological-parameters-over-the-china-region
#10
Chongchong Zhou, Bibo Peng, Wei Li, Shiming Zhong, Jikun Ou, Runjing Chen, Xinglong Zhao
China is a country of vast territory with complicated geographical environment and climate conditions. With the rapid progress of the Chinese BeiDou satellite navigation system (BDS); more accurate tropospheric models must be applied to improve the accuracy of navigation and positioning. Based on the formula of the Saastamoinen and Callahan models; this study develops two single-site tropospheric models (named SAAS_S and CH_S models) for the Chinese region using radiosonde data from 2005 to 2012. We assess the two single-site tropospheric models with radiosonde data for 2013 and zenith tropospheric delay (ZTD) data from four International GNSS Service (IGS) stations and compare them to the results of the Saastamoinen and Callahan models...
July 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740670/analysis-of-the-risk-factors-of-postoperative-cardiopulmonary-complications-and-ability-to-predicate-the-risk-in-patients-after-lung-cancer-surgery
#11
Yue Li, Yin-Lu Ma, Yong-Yin Gao, Dan-Dan Wang, Qing Chen
BACKGROUND: Postoperative cardiopulmonary complications might be fatal for patients with lung cancer after surgery. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors of postoperative cardiopulmonary complications in lung cancer patients and get a fitting formula for predicting incidences of cardiopulmonary complications. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 653 patients with a diagnosis of lung cancer who underwent a surgery in the Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital (Tianjin, China) from January to December 2014...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716571/antiviral-effect-of-forsythoside-a-from-forsythia-suspensa-thunb-vahl-fruit-against-influenza-a-virus-through-reduction-of-viral-m1-protein
#12
Anna Hing-Yee Law, Cindy Lai-Hung Yang, Allan Sik-Yin Lau, Godfrey Chi-Fung Chan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Yinqiaosan is a classical traditional Chinese medicine formula, which has been used to treat respiratory diseases since ancient China. It consists of nine herbs and among them, Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl fruit is one of the major herbal components. Despite the long history of Yinqiaosan, the active compounds and the mechanisms of action of this formula remain elusive. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study aimed to examine the suppressive effect of Yinqiaosan on influenza virus and to identify the active components in the formula targeting influenza...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713834/renoprotective-effect-of-the-shen-yan-fang-shuai-formula-by-inhibiting-tnf-%C3%AE-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-diabetic-rats
#13
Jie Lv, Zhen Wang, Ying Wang, Weiwei Sun, Jingwei Zhou, Mengdi Wang, Wei Jing Liu, Yaoxian Wang
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease, and satisfactory therapeutic strategies have not yet been established. The Shen-Yan-Fang-Shuai Formula (SYFSF) is a traditional Chinese formula composed of Astragali radix, Radixangelicae sinensis, Rheum officinale Baill, and four other herbs. It has been widely used as an effective treatment for DKD patients in China. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying SYFSF's renoprotection. In this study, we compared the protective effect of SYFSF to irbesartan on the histology and renal cells in type 2 DKD rat model and high-glucose (HG) cultured mesangial cells, respectively...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707604/chinese-herbal-medicine-for-hyperlipidaemia-a-review-based-on-data-mining-from-1990-to-2016
#14
Liang Dai, Aiping Lu, Linda L D Zhong, Guang Zheng, Zhaoxiang Bian
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that the reduction of low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) levels provides cardiovascular protection; therefore LDL-C is considered to be a core therapeutic target in anti-hyperlipidaemia treatment. However, the LDL-C goal attainment is often not satisfied in China with conventional lipid-lowering agents. Many patients seek help from Chinese Herbal Medicine (CHM). To further understand the current use of CHM in hyperlipidaemia, we conducted a review based on a systematic literature search and data mining...
July 13, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705579/melamine-poisoning-pediatric-urolithiasis-treatment-in-gansu-china-5-yrfollow-up-analysis
#15
Hong Chang, Gongjin Wu, Zhongjin Yue, Junhai Ma, Ze Qin
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical characteristics of urolithiasis children retrospectively who ingested melamine-poisoned formula as infants and report a five-year follow-up analysis. METHODS: Clinical data on 207 patients (mean±SD, 13.6±8.0months) with melamine-induced urolithiasis were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were subdivided into two groups according to treatment. A five-year follow-up study was conducted with 95.7% (198/207) of the children...
July 10, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705271/molecular-and-epidemiological-characterization-of-infant-botulism-in-beijing-china
#16
Yin Ping Dong, Wei Wang, Tao Jiang, Jin Xu, Chun Hui Han, Shao Fei Yan, Séamus Fanning, Ying Li, Xiao Chen Ma, Di Zhang, Yao Zhao, Biao Zeng, Feng Qin Li
Laboratory-based pathogen isolation, identification, and toxicity determination were performed on samples from a suspected case of infant botulism. Mice injected with cultures generated from the enema sample and ingested Powered infant formula (PIF) presented typical signs of botulism. Antitoxins to polyvalent botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) and monovalent BoNT type B antitoxin had protective effects. Clostridium botulinum isolated from the enema and residual PIF samples were positive for type B toxin. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) revealed that the two strains of C...
June 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690663/huangqin-tang-and-ingredients-in-modulating-the-pathogenesis-of-ulcerative-colitis
#17
REVIEW
Chunyan Wang, Xudong Tang, Li Zhang
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is the most common inflammatory bowel disease worldwide. Current therapies in UC cause limitations, and herb medicine provides an important choice for UC treatment. Huangqin-Tang (HQT) is a well-known classical traditional Chinese herbal formula and has been used in China for thousands of years. A large number of pharmacological studies demonstrated HQT and its ingredients to be effective in treating UC. Though the therapeutic effect has been evaluated, comprehensive up-to-date reviews in this field are not yet available...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679380/a-novel-botanical-formula-prevents-diabetes-by-improving-insulin-resistance
#18
Juntao Kan, Rodney A Velliquette, Kerry Grann, Charlie R Burns, Jeff Scholten, Feng Tian, Qi Zhang, Min Gui
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and the prevalence has increased significantly in recent decades to epidemic proportions in China. Individually, fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) seed, mulberry (Morus alba L.) leaf and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) root can improve glycemia in various animal models and humans with impaired glucose metabolism and T2DM. The aim of this study was to design an optimized botanical formula containing these herbal extracts as a nutritional strategy for the prevention of insulin resistance and T2DM...
July 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664761/hydrogeochemistry-and-%C3%AE-13-cdic-and-%C3%AE-18-oh2o-composition-of-three-chinese-tibetan-plateau-lakes
#19
Xiaodan Wang, Shijie Li, Cong-Qiang Liu, Khan M G Mostofa, Zhiqi Zhao, Rongqin Luo
This study established the hydrochemistry and stable isotope variations in three lakes, namely brackish Zigetang Co, freshwater Cona and Ranwu lakes located in the central and southeastern Tibetan Plateau of China. Vertical profile fluctuations in the water column, such as temperature and dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration, displayed significant differences which were linked to the thermocline. The hydrochemistry of the three lakes showed that [Formula: see text] as the dominant anion, whereas Na(+) is the main cation in Zigetang Co and Cona lake and Ca(2+) is the prevailing cation in Ranwu lake...
June 30, 2017: Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659033/electro-acupuncture-is-beneficial-for-knee-osteoarthritis-the-evidence-from-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Na Chen, Jing Wang, Attilio Mucelli, Xu Zhang, Changqing Wang
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common chronic degenerative disease of the elderly. Electro-acupuncture (EA) is considered as a beneficial treatment for KOA, but the conclusion is controversial. This systematic review compiled the evidence from 11 randomized controlled trials to objectively assess the effectiveness and safety of EA for KOA. Eight databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library, Clinic trials, Foreign Medical Literature Retrial Service (FMRS), Science Direct, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), and Wanfang Data were extensively searched up to 5 July 2016...
2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
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