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China formula

Maolan Wang, Ronghao Liu, Xiuying Lu, Ziyi Zhu, Hailin Wang, Lei Jiang, Jingjing Liu, Zhihua Wu
Heavy metal are often added to animal fodder and accumulate in the soils with swine manure. In this study, heavy metal (Cu, Pb, Cd, Zn, As and Cr) concentrations were determined in agricultural soils irrigated with swine manure in Jiangxi Province, China. Results showed that the average concentrations of Cu, Zn, As and Cr (32.8, 93.7, 21.3 and 75.8 mg/kg, respectively) were higher than the background values, while Pb and Cd (15.2 and 0.090 mg/kg, respectively) were lower than the background values. Contamination factors [Formula: see text] indicated that they were generally moderate for Cu, Zn, As and Cr and generally low for Pb and Cd...
March 15, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Peijuan Wang, Yan Lu, Si Chen, Yue Chen, Chunping Hu, Yawei Zuo
Autoimmune abnormality is one of the main causes of premature ovarian failure (POF). Bu Shen Huo Xue formula (BSHXF), a traditional Chinese medicine formula, has been clinically used for the treatment of patients with POF in China. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are important in the pathogenesis of autoimmune POF. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the immunoprotective effects of BSHXF on POF and the underlying mechanisms. An experimental autoimmune POF model was induced in B6AF1 mice with zona pellucida 3 (ZP3) fragments...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Xiao-Fen Ruan, Cheng-Wei Ju, Yan Shen, Yu-Tao Liu, Il-Man Kim, Hong Yu, Neal Weintraub, Xiao-Long Wang, Yao-Liang Tang
Cardiac mesenchymal stem cells (C-MSCs) are endogenous cardiac stromal cells that play a role in heart repair after injury. C-MSC-derived exosomes (Exo) have shown protective effects against apoptosis induced by acute myocardial ischemia/reperfusion. Suxiao Jiuxin pill (SJP) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula used in China for the treatment of acute myocardial ischemia, which contains tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) and borneol (BOR) as major components. In this study, we investigated whether SJP treatment affected exosome release from C-MSCs in vitro...
March 15, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Xiao-Jing Cao, Xuchun Huang, Jian Liu, Fei Ma, Yuyan Zeng, Changqian Chen, Ji-Ju Wang, Guangning Nie, Xiao-Yun Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the treatment effectiveness of Chinese herbal medicine capsules containing the Yangyin Shugan formula (YYSG) in premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). METHODS: One-hundred forty-six women with POI participated in this stratified, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Participants in two groups (n = 73 in each)-the YYSG group and control group-underwent treatment for 12 weeks. Outcome measures included the Chinese version Menopause-Specific Quality of Life questionnaire (CMS), serum levels of basal follicle-stimulating hormone (bFSH), basal estradiol, and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), the antral follicle count (AFC), and ovarian peak systolic velocity (PSV; cm/s)...
March 12, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Jian-Xiang Wei, Jing Wang, Yun-Xia Zhu, Jun Sun, Hou-Ming Xu, Ming Li
BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is a style of traditional medicine informed by modern medicine but built on a foundation of more than 2500 years of Chinese medical practice. According to statistics, TCM accounts for approximately 14% of total adverse drug reaction (ADR) spontaneous reporting data in China. Because of the complexity of the components in TCM formula, which makes it essentially different from Western medicine, it is critical to determine whether ADR reports of TCM should be analyzed independently...
March 9, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Ying Liu, Kun Geng, Yanhao Chu, Mindi Xu, Lagabaiyila Zha
The purpose of this study is to provide a forensic reference data about estimating chronologic age by evaluating the third molar mineralization of Han in central southern China. The mineralization degree of third molars was assessed by Demirjian's classification with modification for 2519 digital orthopantomograms (1190 males, 1329 females; age 8-23 years). The mean ages of the initial mineralization and the crown completion of third molars were around 9.66 and 13.88 years old in males and 9.52 and 14.09 years old in females...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Peng Fei, Yichao Jiang, Shaoying Gong, Ran Li, Yan Jiang, Xiujuan Yuan, Ziyuan Wang, Huaibin Kang, Md Aslam Ali
Cronobacter species (formerly Enterobacter sakazakii) are emerging opportunistic bacterial pathogens that can infect both infants and adults. This study was conducted to isolate and genotype diverse Cronobacter species from drinking water, chilled fresh pork, powdered infant formula, instant noodles, cookies, fruits, vegetables, and dishes in Northeast China and to evaluate the antibiotic resistance and susceptibility of the isolates. Thirty-four Cronobacter strains were isolated and identified: 21 C. sakazakii isolates (61...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Ying Pan, Ling-Dong Kong
Fructose is a natural monosaccharide broadly used in modern society. Over the past few decades, epidemiological studies have demonstrated that high fructose intake is an etiological factor of metabolic syndrome (MetS). This review highlights research advances on fructose-induced MetS, especially the underlying pathophysiological mechanism as well as pharmacotherapy by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), using the PubMed, Web of science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science and Technology Journal and Wanfang Data...
February 19, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Xia-Bing Lang, Yi Yang, Ju-Rong Yang, Jian-Xin Wan, Sheng-Qiang Yu, Jiong Cui, Xiao-Jing Tang, Jianghua Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A lack of baseline serum creatinine (SCr) data leads to underestimation of the burden caused by acute kidney injury (AKI) in developing countries. The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of various baseline SCr analysis methods on the current diagnosis of AKI in hospitalized patients. METHODS: Patients with at least one SCr value during their hospital stay between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2012 were retrospectively included in the study...
February 8, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Tianjiao Tang, Linna Wu, Ling Yang, Jiaojiao Jiang, Qiukui Hao, Birong Dong, Ming Yang
The aim of this study is to investigate the validation of a sarcopenia screening test (Ishii's formula) for predicting long-term mortality among older adult inpatients. A prospective, observational study was conducted in acute geriatric wards at three hospitals in western China. Sarcopenia was estimated using Ishii's formula. Survival status was assessed at 12, 24, and 36 months after the baseline investigation. Cox proportional-hazard models were applied to calculate the hazard ratio for mortality associated with sarcopenia...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Biao Xie, Minghe Huo, Zhiqiang Wang, Yongjie Chen, Rong Fu, Meina Liu, Qun Meng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the trend of catastrophic health expenses (CHE) for inpatient care in relation to the commencement of the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) in rural China from 2003 to 2013, and the roles of NCMS in protecting affected households from CHE. METHODS: We assessed the 10-year trend of the incidence and severity of CHE in rural households with hospitalised members using data from the Chinese National Health Services Survey. Generalised estimating equations were used to estimate the OR and 95% CI of the association between incidence rates of CHE ([Formula: see text]) and NCMS reimbursement...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Woogyeong Kim, Dahae Lim, Jinju Kim
[Formula: see text]-coumaric acid ([Formula: see text]-CA) is a common compound found in medicinal herbs, including Bambusae Caulis in Taeniam (BC). It has been used to treat various diseases in China and Korea. Our previous study demonstrated that BC inhibits pulmonary and intestinal inflammation. In the present study, we used cigarette smoke (CS) to induce lung inflammation in vivo, and investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of [Formula: see text]-CA on CS-induced inflammatory mice model. Mice were treated with BC and [Formula: see text]-CA via oral injection 2[Formula: see text]h before CS exposure...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Eungyeong Jang, Kyung-Soo Inn, Young Pyo Jang, Kyung-Tae Lee, Jang-Hoon Lee
Sanguisorba officinalis Linne (S. officinalis, Rosaceae) has been used as a medicinal plant for the treatment of burns, hematemesis, melena, intestinal infections, and dermatitis for a long time in China, Korea, and Japan. The therapeutic efficacy of this herb is intimately associated with its anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antifungal, hemostatic, and anticancer activities. Its root contains triterpenoid saponins (zigyuglycoside I: C[Formula: see text]H[Formula: see text]O[Formula: see text] and ziyuglycoside II: C[Formula: see text]H[Formula: see text]O8) and tannins (sanguiin H-6: C[Formula: see text]H[Formula: see text]O[Formula: see text])...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Tom Fleischer, Tung-Ti Chang, Jen-Huai Chiang, Hung-Rong Yen
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has become a well-established treatment for hematologic disorders including acute leukemia. However, long-term survival rates following this procedure are still extremely low, due to posttransplantation relapse, infections, and graft-versus-host disease. We propose that adjunctive Chinese herbal medicine may benefit posttransplantation patients. In preparation for a randomized clinical trial, we conducted a pilot trial. Methods and Analysis: Between September 2015 and June 2017, 18 patients were consecutively enrolled at China Medical University Hospital and followed for up to 1 year...
February 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Kai Zhang, Jingyan Zhang, Xurong Wang, Lei Wang, Michela Pugliese, Annamaria Passantino, Jianxi Li
BACKGROUND: Sheng Mai Yin (SMY), a well-known Chinese herbal medicine, is widely used to treat cardiac diseases characterized by the deficiency of Qi and Yin syndrome in China. SMY-based treatment has been derived from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), officially recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. PURPOSE: We aimed to clarify whether SMY attenuates myocardial injury induced by adriamycin in Wistar rats with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: To quantify ginsenoside Rg1, ophiopogonin D, ophiopogonin D', schisandrin by HPLC...
January 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Guo-Xia Zhang, Ying-Ying Zhang, Xiao-Xu Zhang, Peng-Qian Wang, Jun Liu, Qiong Liu, Zhong Wang
Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) preparations such as Danhong injection, Danshen injection, Salvianolate injection, compound Danshen injection and Sodium Tanshinone IIA Sulfonate (STS) injection are widely used in China to treat stable angina (angina pectoris) caused by coronary heart disease. In this study we compared the network pharmacological mechanisms of the 5 Danshen preparations. Following a literature search performed in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database, China Biology Medicine (CBM) database, China Conference Paper Database, Wanfang Database, VIP Database and Conference Proceedings Citation Index (through January 2015), 444 randomized controlled trial publications detailing the use of the 5 Danshen-based injections for treating stable angina were identified, and their combined data were analyzed using a network meta-analysis...
February 8, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Shuaishuai Wang, Chi Zhang, Cuishan Li, Daocheng Li, Ping He, Zhaojuan Su, Yanling Li, Yiling Ding, Aiping Lu
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is recommended worldwide but not fully practiced. The first week after childbirth is regarded as a critical period for increasing breast milk production. The aim of the study was to investigate whether Chinese herbal medicine Zengru Gao would result in more women breastfeeding in the first week after childbirth. METHODS: A multicenter randomized controlled trial was conducted of 588 mothers considering breastfeeding in China. Among the mothers of the intervention group, the intervention included Chinese herbal medicine Zengru Gao; among those of the control group, it did not...
February 6, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Yun-Kai Dai, Dan-Yan Li, Yun-Zhan Zhang, Meng-Xin Huang, Yi-le Zhou, Jin-Tong Ye, Qi Wang, Ling Hu
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Modified Tongxie Yaofang (M-TXYF) for the treatment of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D). METHOD: Electronic databases including PubMed, Springer Link, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical Literature (CBM), Wanfang, and Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP) were conducted from their inception through May 11, 2017 without language restrictions...
2018: PloS One
Shan-Tong Jiang, Shu-Yan Han, Li-Na Pang, Yan-Na Jiao, Xi-Ran He, Ping-Ping Li
Human apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1) is a ubiquitous multifunctional protein, which possesses DNA repair and redox activities. High levels of APE1 are associated with chemo‑ and radioresistance, and poor prognosis in various types of cancer, including non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Bu‑Fei decoction (BFD) is a traditional Chinese herbal formula, which is believed to supplement Qi, clear away heat and nourish the lungs. BFD and modified Bu‑Fei decoction (MBFD) have been used in China to treat patients with lung cancer...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Jianwei Wu, Jiaokun Jia, Zhaoxia Li, Hua Pan, Anxin Wang, Xiuhua Guo, Shouling Wu, Xingquan Zhao
This study was based on 95391 participants (18-98 years old) from the Kailuan study, which assessed all-cause mortality in a community-based population in northern China according to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) formula and proteinuria estimated from urine dipstick results. Data were analysed based on Cox proportional hazards models with adjustment for relevant confounders, and the results were expressed as hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
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