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Brian Stegman, Mingyuan Shao, Stephen J Nicholls, Mohamed Elshazly, Leslie Cho, Peta King, Samir Kapadia, Murat Tuzcu, Steven E Nissen, Rishi Puri
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: High-intensity statin therapy (HIST) reduces cardiovascular events, however, sex-related differences in treatment effects are not well characterized. METHODS: A patient-level post hoc pooled analysis of 3 randomized trials utilizing serial coronary intravascular ultrasound was undertaken, testing the anti-atherosclerotic effects of HIST in coronary disease patients. Sex-related differences in changes (Δ) in coronary percent atheroma volume (PAV) were ascertained following 18-24 months of HIST (atorvastatin 80 mg or rosuvastatin 40 mg daily), and further characterized according to on-treatment lipid and lipoprotein levels...
September 15, 2016: Atherosclerosis
Yousef Rasmi, Javad Zeynalzadeh, Alireza Shirpoor, Mirhossein Seyedmohammadzad, Reza Hajhosseini
INTRODUCTION: Chronic inflammation caused by Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection has a pathogenic role in Cardiac Syndrome X (CSX). In addition, it has shown that bacterial infection may affect blood lipids. AIM: To assess if H.pylori affects the level of lipid profile in CSX. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-eight CSX patients and 97 healthy controls were enrolled. The Total Cholesterol (TC), Triglyceride (TG), Lipoprotein A (LP{A}), Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL), High Density Lipoprotein (HDL), Apoprotein A1 (APOA1), and Apoprotein B (APOB) was estimated colorimetrically...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Maria Adamarczuk-Janczyszyn, Aleksandra Zdrojowy-Wełna, Natalia Rogala, Katarzyna Zatońska, Grażyna Bednarek-Tupikowska
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is a common endocrine disorder, probably increasing cardiovascular (CV) risk. However, the relation between SCH and atherosclerosis risk factors remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate selected atherosclerosis risk factors in women with SCH in comparison to a group of healthy women and women with overt hypothyroidism, as well as to investigate the influence of L-thyroxine replacement on those risk factors...
May 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
T Zhang, G Cui, W M Feng, Q L Shi, J Cui, X N Li, Q C Wang, H Shen
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the correlation between glycolipids metabolism and clinicopathologic features in patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: Glycolipids metabolism and clinicopathologic features of 443 gastric cancer patients were collected, and their correlation was analyzed. RESULTS: Compared to gastric cancer patients with normal levels of glycolipids metabolism, there were less male patients who were with low level of total cholesterol (TCH)(χ(2)=7...
August 23, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Wan Peng, Fu Qiang, Wei Peng, Zhang Qian, Zhu Ke, Lu Yi, Zhong Jian, Qiu Chongrong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia and dyslipidemia are the predominant causes for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Clinical guidelines for lowering CVD risk have advocated that low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) must be reduced. The primary choice of therapy for controlling lipidemia has been statins, which are not completely effective. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type-9 (PCSK9), which interferes with LDL clearance from circulation, inversely relates to the LDL-C levels...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Lian Gu, Jinying Zhou, Jinjing Tan, Li Su, Qiugui Wei, Haiyun Jiang, Baoyun Liang, Qianli Tang
Stroke is a multi-factorial disorder that has become the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Previous studies reported that TLR7 mRNA expression is associated with poor outcome of ischemic stroke (IS). This study aimed to assess whether TLR7 mRNA expression affects IS occurrence, as well as the association of TLR7 rs2897827 with susceptibility to IS and TLR7 mRNA expression and serum apolipoprotein and lipid levels in a Chinese Han population. A total of 816 stroke patients and 816 healthy controls were included in this study...
July 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Kexia Zhang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Meiyu Zhang, Liqiang Gu, Ziying Liu, Jingming Jia, Xiaohui Chen
The total flavonoids from Persimmon leaves (PLF), extracted from the leaves of Diospyros kaki L. Dispryosl and Ebenaceae, is reported to possess many beneficial health effects. However, the oral bioavailability of PLF is relatively low due to its poor solubility. In the present study, the phospholipid complexes of total flavonoids from Persimmon leaves (PLF-PC) was prepared to enhance the oral bioavailability of PLF and to evaluate its antiatherosclerotic properties in atherosclerosis rats in comparison to PLF...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
T N Liu, C T Wu, F He, W Yuan, S X Li, H W Li, H Y Yu, M Wu
In this study, we investigated the relationship between the G75A polymorphism in the apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) gene and the lipid regulatory effect of pravastatin in patients with hyperlipidemia. A total of 179 patients were divided into two groups: the pravastatin (N = 97) and policosanol (N = 82) treatment groups. The total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein (LDL-c), high-density lipoprotein, ApoA, and ApoB concentrations in the serum were measured using an automatic biochemical analyzer before and after treatment for 12 weeks...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Anne Weiland, Achim Bub, Stephan W Barth, Juergen Schrezenmeir, Maria Pfeuffer
The present study examined the effect of milk phospholipids (milk-PL) on lipid metabolism and on other risk factors for CVD, in comparison with milk fat (control) or soya phospholipids (soya-PL), respectively. Two double-blind parallel-group intervention trials were conducted in overweight or obese male subjects. In the first trial (trial 1), sixty-two men consumed milk enriched with either 2 g milk-PL or 2 g milk fat (control) for 8 weeks. In trial 2, fifty-seven men consumed milk enriched with either 3 g milk-PL or 2·8 g soya-PL for 7 weeks...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science
Bo-Kyoung Jung, Hye-Ran Kim, Gyu-Nam Park, Guangxiang Luo, Kyung-Soo Chang
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with lipoproteins, and apolipoprotein E (apoE) plays an essential role in infectious HCV particles. Although the role of apoE in HCV infection is well known, its role in the replication of HCV remains unclear. The aims of this study were to determine the role of apoE in the RNA replication of major HCV genotypes 1b and 2a, and to determine whether this role is HCVgenotype-dependent using HCV genotype 1b replicon cells and HCV genotype 2a producing (HP) cells. HCV infection was blocked in Huh7...
June 2016: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Yanqiang Wang, Zhengqi Lu, Shaoyang Sun, Yu Yang, Bingjun Zhang, Zhuang Kang, Xueqiang Hu, Yongqiang Dai
BACKGROUND: The association between topographic patterns, risk factors and stroke mechanisms of ICAS in patients with first-ever stroke remains unknown. METHODS: A large sample sized retrospective study was performed on first-ever ICAS-related ischemic stroke using DWI and MRA. Ischemic patterns were categorized as single (corticosubcortical, cortical, subcortical lesion), scattered, multiple lesions. RESULTS: Hypertension (60.92%), cigarette smoking (26...
May 11, 2016: International Journal of Neuroscience
Anna Helgadottir, Solveig Gretarsdottir, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Eirikur Hjartarson, Asgeir Sigurdsson, Audur Magnusdottir, Aslaug Jonasdottir, Helgi Kristjansson, Patrick Sulem, Asmundur Oddsson, Gardar Sveinbjornsson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Thorunn Rafnar, Gisli Masson, Ingileif Jonsdottir, Isleifur Olafsson, Gudmundur I Eyjolfsson, Olof Sigurdardottir, Maryam S Daneshpour, Davood Khalili, Fereidoun Azizi, Dorine W Swinkels, Lambertus Kiemeney, Arshed A Quyyumi, Allan I Levey, Riyaz S Patel, Salim S Hayek, Ingibjorg J Gudmundsdottir, Gudmundur Thorgeirsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Daniel F Gudbjartsson, Hilma Holm, Kari Stefansson
Sequence variants affecting blood lipids and coronary artery disease (CAD) may enhance understanding of the atherogenicity of lipid fractions. Using a large resource of whole-genome sequence data, we examined rare and low-frequency variants for association with non-HDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides in up to 119,146 Icelanders. We discovered 13 variants with large effects (within ANGPTL3, APOB, ABCA1, NR1H3, APOA1, LIPC, CETP, LDLR, and APOC1) and replicated 14 variants. Five variants within PCSK9, APOA1, ANGPTL4, and LDLR associate with CAD (33,090 cases and 236,254 controls)...
June 2016: Nature Genetics
Hidenori Arai, Tamio Teramoto, Hiroyuki Daida, Katsunori Ikewaki, Yuko Maeda, Mariko Nakagomi, Masayoshi Shirakawa, Taro Kakikawa, Hirotaka Numaguchi, Amy O Johnson-Levonas, Sanskruti Vaidya, Robert O Blaustein
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study assessed the lipid-modifying efficacy/safety profile of anacetrapib 100 mg added to ongoing statin ± other lipid-modifying therapies (LMT) in Japanese patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH). METHODS: Patients 18-80 years with a genotype-confirmed/clinical diagnosis of HeFH who were on a stable dose of statin ± other LMT for ≥6 weeks and with an LDL-C concentration ≥100 mg/dL were randomized to anacetrapib 100 mg (n = 34) or placebo (n = 34) for 12 weeks, followed by a 12-week off-drug reversal phase...
June 2016: Atherosclerosis
Anne Dathan-Stumpf, Mandy Vogel, Kristin Rieger, Joachim Thiery, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess
AIM: Socio-demographic factors affect the development and lives of children and adolescents. We examined links between serum lipids and apolipoproteins and socio-demographic factors in the Leipzig Research Centre for Civilization Diseases Child (LIFE Child) study. METHODS: The Winkler index and the Family Affluence Scale were used to define characteristics of the social status of 938 boys and 860 girls aged from birth to 19 years. We then used univariate and multivariate regression analyses to examine the socio-demographic impact on total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), cholesterol triglycerides and apolipoproteins A1 (ApoA1) and B (ApoB)...
August 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Carolina Castro, Geneviève Corraze, Ana Basto, Laurence Larroquet, Stéphane Panserat, Aires Oliva-Teles
A digestibility trial was performed with gilthead sea bream juveniles (IBW = 72 g) fed four diets differing in lipid source (fish oil, FO; or a blend of vegetable oil, VO) and starch content (0 %, CH-; or 20 %, CH+) to evaluate the potential interactive effects between carbohydrates and VO on the processes involved in digestion, absorption and transport of lipids and glucose. In fish fed VO diets a decrease in lipid digestibility and in cholesterol (C), High Density Lipoprotein(HDL)-C and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL)-C (only in CH+ group) were recorded...
June 2016: Lipids
Peter Graversen, Steen Z Abildstrøm, Lasse Jespersen, Anders Borglykke, Eva Prescott
AIM: European society of cardiology (ESC) guidelines recommend that cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk stratification in asymptomatic individuals is based on the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) algorithm, which estimates individual 10-year risk of death from CVD. We assessed the potential improvement in CVD risk stratification of 19 easily available risk markers by adding them to the SCORE algorithm. METHODS AND RESULTS: We followed 8476 individuals without prior CVD or diabetes from the Copenhagen City Heart study...
September 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Anne Dathan-Stumpf, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Joachim Thiery, Ralph Burkhardt, Jürgen Kratzsch, Wieland Kiess
BACKGROUND: Serum lipid concentrations are thought to be risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease. The present study aims to investigate the prevalence of dyslipidemia and provide sex- and age-related reference values for triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL and HDL cholesterol as well as apolipoproteins A1 and B by using modern analytical approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Venous blood and anthropometric data were collected from 2571 subjects of the LIFE Child study, aged between 0...
July 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
Gerhard W Naerr, Philipp Rein, Christoph H Saely, Heinz Drexel
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients is frequently observed, and treatment with anti-rheumatic drugs has an impact on lipid profiles. Pathophysiologically, inflammation leads to decreased blood lipids and lipoproteins; RA treatment reduces inflammation and therefore may increase lipids and lipoproteins. Whether the lipid changes with RA treatment confer an increased risk of cardiovascular disease or just reflect their potentially atheroprotective anti-inflammatory effect is currently unclear due to limited and conflicting data...
June 2016: Vascular Pharmacology
Ji Soo Oh, Hyesook Kim, Aswathy Vijayakumar, Oran Kwon, Young Ju Choi, Kap Bum Huh, Namsoo Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at examining the association between dietary flavanones intake and lipid profiles according to the presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was performed among 502 female T2DM patients (non-MetS group; n = 129, MetS group; n = 373) who were recruited from the Huh's Diabetes Clinic in Seoul, Korea between 2005 and 2011. The dietary intake was assessed by a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and the data was analyzed using the Computer Aided Nutritional Analysis program (CAN-Pro) version 4...
February 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
Yan Zhang, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Yuan-Lin Guo, Sha Li, Rui-Xia Xu, Qian Dong, Jian-Jun Li
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that plasma fibrinogen is associated with lipid levels and increased cardiovascular risk. However, the interrelationship has not been well-elucidated. We hypothesise that lipids may be potential mediators. METHODS: We enrolled 4748 consecutive subjects scheduled for coronary angiography in this study. The severity of coronary atherosclerosis was assessed by Gensini score (GS). By principle component analysis, a multi-marker lipid index was extracted weighting the coefficients of six atherogenic lipid parameters: total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, non-high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (non-HDL-C), apolipoprotein (apo) B, apoB/apoA1, and TC/HDL-C ratio...
June 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
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