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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146227/bariatric-surgery-improves-lipoprotein-profile-in-morbidly-obese-patients-by-reducing-ldl-cholesterol-apob-and-saa-pon1-ratio-increasing-hdl-cholesterol-but-has-no-effect-on-cholesterol-efflux-capacity
#1
Christian Abendstein Kjellmo, Helen Karlsson, Torunn K Nestvold, Stefan Ljunggren, Karin Cederbrant, Maritha Marcusson-Ståhl, Monica Mathisen, Knut Tore Lappegård, Anders Hovland
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has been shown to reduce cardiovascular events and cause-specific mortality for coronary artery disease in obese patients. Lipoprotein biomarkers relating to low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), their subfractions, and macrophage cholesterol efflux have all been hypothesized to be of value in cardiovascular risk assessment. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the effect of a lifestyle intervention followed by bariatric surgery on the lipid profile of morbidly obese patients...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145892/association-between-plasma-phospholipid-saturated-fatty-acids-and-metabolic-markers-of-lipid-hepatic-inflammation-and-glycaemic-pathways-in-eight-european-countries-a-cross-sectional-analysis-in-the-epic-interact-study
#2
Ju-Sheng Zheng, Stephen J Sharp, Fumiaki Imamura, Albert Koulman, Matthias B Schulze, Zheng Ye, Jules Griffin, Marcela Guevara, José María Huerta, Janine Kröger, Ivonne Sluijs, Antonio Agudo, Aurelio Barricarte, Heiner Boeing, Sandra Colorado-Yohar, Courtney Dow, Miren Dorronsoro, Pia T Dinesen, Guy Fagherazzi, Paul W Franks, Edith J M Feskens, Tilman Kühn, Verena Andrea Katzke, Timothy J Key, Kay-Tee Khaw, Maria Santucci de Magistris, Francesca Romana Mancini, Elena Molina-Portillo, Peter M Nilsson, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Domenico Palli, Jose Ramón Quirós, Olov Rolandsson, Fulvio Ricceri, Annemieke M W Spijkerman, Nadia Slimani, Giovanna Tagliabue, Anne Tjonneland, Rosario Tumino, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Claudia Langenberg, Elio Riboli, Nita G Forouhi, Nicholas J Wareham
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that individual circulating saturated fatty acids (SFAs) are heterogeneous in their associations with cardio-metabolic diseases, but evidence about associations of SFAs with metabolic markers of different pathogenic pathways is limited. We aimed to examine the associations between plasma phospholipid SFAs and the metabolic markers of lipid, hepatic, glycaemic and inflammation pathways. METHODS: We measured nine individual plasma phospholipid SFAs and derived three SFA groups (odd-chain: C15:0 + C17:0, even-chain: C14:0 + C16:0 + C18:0, and very-long-chain: C20:0 + C22:0 + C23:0 + C24:0) in individuals from the subcohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-InterAct case-cohort study across eight European countries...
November 17, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108969/dietary-butylated-hydroxytoluene-improves-lipid-metabolism-antioxidant-and-anti-apoptotic-response-of-largemouth-bass-micropterus-salmoides
#3
L L Yu, H H Yu, X F Liang, N Li, X Wang, F H Li, X F Wu, Y H Zheng, M Xue, X F Liang
A 10-week growth trail was conducted to investigate the efficacy and tolerance of dietary butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) by evaluating inflammation, apoptosis and hepatic disease related to oxidative stress in largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). Four experimental diets were prepared with BHT supplement levels of 0 (B0), 150 (B150), 300 (B300) and 1500 (B1500) mg/kg, in which B150 was at the maximum recommended level established by European Union Regulation, and the B300 and B1500 levels were 2 and 10-fold of B150, respectively...
November 7, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105174/association-of-interleukin-18-gene-polymorphism-and-its-protein-expression-with-the-lower-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-the-chinese-han-population-a-case-control-study
#4
Ye-Long Chen, Li-Hong Shou, Zong-Xin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: We aim to explain the correlation among IL-18 gene polymorphism, its protein expression and LEDVT in the Chinese Han population. METHODS: A total of 138 LEDVT patients and 150 healthy people volunteered as LEDVT and control groups. All the data, including the gender, age, BMI, levels of TG, LDL/HDL, TC, GLU, APTT, BUN, Cr, ALT, AST, ApoA1, ApoB, and Fg was detected. IL-18 level, IL-18 -137G/C and -607C/A polymorphism, and risk factors of LEDVT were detected using ELISA, PCR-RFLP and multivariate logistic regression analysis, respectively...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024428/heat-shock-protein-60-in-obesity-effect-of-bariatric-surgery-and-its-relation-to-inflammation-and-cardiovascular-risk
#5
Henrike Sell, Christine Poitou, Christiane Habich, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Jürgen Eckel, Karine Clément
OBJECTIVE: Heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) is an adipokine, and its serum concentrations are higher in patients with obesity compared to lean patients. This study aimed to analyze the effect of bariatric surgery on circulating concentrations of Hsp60 in morbid obesity and their correlation with inflammation and metabolic and cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Fifty-three females with morbid obesity undergoing bariatric surgery were enrolled. Serum parameters and anthropometric measures were obtained at baseline and 3 to 12 months post surgery...
October 11, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992985/apoa1-and-apob-polymorphisms-and-apolipoprotein-concentrations-as-biomarkers-of-risk-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-relationship-with-lipid-lowering-therapy-effectiveness
#6
Fidel Casillas-Muñoz, Yeminia Valle, José Francisco Muñoz-Valle, Diana Emilia Martínez-Fernández, Gabriela Lizet Reynoso-Villalpando, Héctor Enrique Flores-Salinas, Mara Anaís Llamas-Covarrubias, Jorge Ramón Padilla-Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lipid metabolism alterations contribute to acute coronary syndrome (ACS). rs670, rs5070 and rs693 polymorphisms have shown to modify the risk of cardiovascular disease. Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) plays a major role in reverse cholesterol transport; apolipoprotein B (ApoB) contributes to accumulation of cholesterol in the plaque. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of rs670 and rs5070 polymorphisms of APOA1 and rs693 polymorphism of APOB with ACS and circulating levels of its proteins and find if ApoB/ApoA-I could be implemented as an independent parameter of risk for cardiovascular disease and as a biomarker of lipid-lowering therapy effectiveness in Mexican population...
October 6, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943632/differences-in-abca1-r219k-polymorphisms-and-serum-indexes-in-alzheimer-and-parkinson-diseases-in-northern-china
#7
Lagai Ya, Zuneng Lu
BACKGROUND ABCA1 R219K single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was related to Alzheimer disease (AD) but not Parkinson disease (PD). Here, we analyzed the associations among ABCA1 R219K distribution, serum biomarkers, AD, and PD in a population in northern China. MATERIAL AND METHODS We used the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Hoehn and Yahr scale (H-Y) to evaluate AD and PD progression, separately. ABCA1 R219K was analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight time mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS)...
September 25, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912560/the-srgap2-snps-their-haplotypes-and-g%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-e-interactions-on-serum-lipid-traits
#8
Liu Miao, Rui-Xing Yin, Jin-Zhen Wu, Shuo Yang, Wei-Xiong Lin, Shang-Ling Pan
Maonan nationality is a relatively conservative and isolated minority in China. Little is known about the association of the Slit-Robo Rho GTPase activating protein 2 gene (SRGAP2) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and serum lipid levels in the Chinese populations. This study was performed to clarify the association of the SRGAP2 rs2483058 and rs2580520 SNPs and their haplotypes with serum lipid traits in the Maonan and Han populations. Genotyping of the 2 SNPs was performed in 2444 unrelated subjects (Han, 1210 and Maonan, 1234) by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism combined with gel electrophoresis, and then confirmed by direct sequencing...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887769/%C3%AE-synuclein-interacts-with-lipoproteins-in-plasma
#9
Fatemeh Nouri Emamzadeh, David Allsop
Parkinson's disease (PD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder characterized by dopaminergic neural cell death in the substantia nigra of the brain and α-synuclein (α-syn) accumulation in Lewy bodies. α-Syn can be detected in blood and is a potential biomarker for PD. It has been shown recently that α-syn can pass through the blood-brain barrier (BBB), but the mechanism is not yet understood. We hypothesized that α-syn could interact with lipoproteins, and in association with these particles, could pass through the BBB...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864143/association-of-dietary-nutrients-with-blood-lipids-and-blood-pressure-in-18-countries-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-pure-study
#10
Andrew Mente, Mahshid Dehghan, Sumathy Rangarajan, Matthew McQueen, Gilles Dagenais, Andreas Wielgosz, Scott Lear, Wei Li, Hui Chen, Sun Yi, Yang Wang, Rafael Diaz, Alvaro Avezum, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Pamela Seron, Rajesh Kumar, Rajeev Gupta, Viswanathan Mohan, Sumathi Swaminathan, Raman Kutty, Katarzyna Zatonska, Romaina Iqbal, Rita Yusuf, Noushin Mohammadifard, Rasha Khatib, Nafiza Mat Nasir, Noorhassim Ismail, Aytekin Oguz, Annika Rosengren, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen, Thandi Puoane, Jephat Chifamba, Koon Teo, Sonia S Anand, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: The relation between dietary nutrients and cardiovascular disease risk markers in many regions worldwide is unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect of dietary nutrients on blood lipids and blood pressure, two of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular disease, in low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries. METHODS: We studied 125 287 participants from 18 countries in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, and Asia in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study...
October 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853084/gene-gene-interactions-of-apolipoprotein-gene-polymorphic-variants-in-adolescents-with-essential-arterial-hypertension-and-dyslipidemia
#11
O V Kalyuzhnaya, T A Bairova, L I Kolesnikova
Using MDR bioinformatic analysis we studied gene-gene interactions between apolipoprotein genes in adolescents with essential arterial hypertension and dyslipidemia against the background of essential arterial hypertension. Optimal models of gene-gene interactions were formed. The six-locus model was the most significant: (ApoA1(+83T), ApoA1(-75A), ApoB(Del), ApoC3(S2), ApoE(ε2), ApoE(ε4). The maximum synergism in both adolescent groups were shown for allele variants ApoA1(-75A), ApoB(Del), and ApoE(ε4)...
August 29, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814835/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-two-different-formulations-of-atorvastatin-in-korean-patients-with-hypercholesterolemia-a-multicenter-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Ju-Hee Lee, Sang-Hyun Kim, Dong-Ju Choi, Seung-Jea Tahk, Jung-Han Yoon, Si Wan Choi, Taek-Jong Hong, Hyo-Soo Kim
PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare the efficacy and tolerability of the generic formulation (Atorva(®)) and the reference formulation (Lipitor(®)) of atorvastatin, both at a dosage of 20 mg once daily. METHODS: This study was a prospective open-label, randomized controlled study. Hypercholesterolemic patients who had not achieved low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol goals according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) guideline were randomized to generic formulation or reference formulation of atorvastatin...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806974/association-of-plasma-fatty-acid-alteration-with-the-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-lesions-in-tunisian-patients
#13
Samia Hadj Ahmed, Nadia Kaoubaa, Wafa Kharroubi, Amira Zarrouk, Mohamed Fadhel Najjar, Fathi Batbout, Habib Gamra, Gerard Lizard, Mohamed Hammami
BACKGROUND: Some factors related to diet are known to be involved in the progression of atherosclerosis in humans. METHODS: The relationship between plasma fatty acid (FA) levels and the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD), evaluated by Gensini score (GS), was investigated in CAD Tunisian patients compared to controls. Lipid profiles were analyzed, GS was calculated in CAD and non-CAD patients and compared to controls. RESULTS: CAD patients showed an alteration of conventional lipid parameters...
August 14, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774484/cardiovascular-disease-risk-associated-with-serum-apolipoprotein-b-is-modified-by-serum-vitamin-a
#14
Thomas Olsen, Kathrine J Vinknes, Gard F T Svingen, Eva R Pedersen, Grethe S Tell, Rune Blomhoff, Christian A Drevon, Per M Ueland, Øivind Midttun, Helga Refsum, Ottar K Nygård
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Apolipoproteins B (apoB) and A1 (apoA1) are major protein constituents of low-density and high-density lipoproteins, respectively, and serum concentrations of these apolipoproteins are associated with risk of atherosclerosis. Vitamin A (VA) has been implicated in lipoprotein metabolism. We evaluated the associations of serum apoB, apoA1 and their ratio (apoBAR) with risk of incident acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the possible modification by serum VA. METHODS: Risk associations were assessed by Cox regression, and presented as hazard ratios (HRs) per standard deviation (SD) increment in log-transformed values of the lipid parameters, among 4117 patients with suspected stable angina pectoris, located in Western Norway...
July 21, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763883/-association-between-the-apob-a1-ratio-and-the-vulnerability-of-lmca-plaque-in-the-patients-with-stable-angina-pectoris
#15
Y Han, C K Yang, C Y Gao, Y H Liu, J T Cheng, X P Wang, Z M Wang, T F Cheng
Objective: To investigate the relationship between ApoB/A1 ratio and the characteristics of tissue components of their left main coronary artery(LMCA)plaque. Methods: A total of 98 patients with stable angina pectoris who received chronic statin treatment underwentpercutaneous coronary intervention in the People's Hospital of Henan Province from June 2010 to June 2016 were included.We prospectively performed intravascular ultrasound virtualhistology (IVUS-VH) to their LMCA and evaluated the tissue characteristics, and the blood level of total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C), triglyceride(TG), LDL-C/HDL-C ratio, ApoB, ApoA1, ApoB/A1 ratio were measured, then the association of the tissue characteristics with the aboved lipids values were analyzed...
July 18, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738677/quantitation-of-87-proteins-by-nlc-mrm-ms-in-human-plasma-workflow-for-large-scale-analysis-of-biobank-samples
#16
Melinda Rezeli, Karin Sjödin, Henrik Lindberg, Olof Gidlöf, Bertil Lindahl, Tomas Jernberg, Jonas Spaak, David Erlinge, György Marko-Varga
A multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) assay was developed for precise quantitation of 87 plasma proteins including the three isoforms of apolipoprotein E (APOE) associated with cardiovascular diseases using nanoscale liquid chromatography separation and stable isotope dilution strategy. The analytical performance of the assay was evaluated and we found an average technical variation of 4.7% in 4-5 orders of magnitude dynamic range (≈0.2 mg/L to 4.5 g/L) from whole plasma digest. Here, we report a complete workflow, including sample processing adapted to 96-well plate format and normalization strategy for large-scale studies...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725318/detection-of-apolipoprotein-e-gene-polymorphism-and-blood-lipid-level-in-hemodialysis-patients
#17
Yuxin Wang, Ning Wang, Yuanshan Lu, Qing Yu, Lina Zhou, Qinjun Xu
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the clinical characteristics of lipid metabolism and the effect of apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene polymorphism on lipid metabolism in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: The serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC), ApoA1, ApoB, ApoE and lipoprotein Lp(a) were detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length (PCR-RFLP)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718192/cardiometabolic-risks-vary-by-weight-status-in-pediatric-kidney-and-liver-transplant-recipients-a-cross-sectional-single-center-study-in-the-usa
#18
S He, N A Le, J K Frediani, P D Winterberg, R Jin, R Liverman, A Hernandez, R L Cleeton, M B Vos
There is an increasing need to understand long-term metabolic changes and resultant comorbidities because life expectancy is increasing after pediatric kidney and liver transplants. We evaluated differences in classic and novel cardiometabolic biomarkers among obese and normal weight adolescent transplant recipients. We enrolled a total of 80 adolescent (mean±SD, 14.8 years ±3.0) transplant recipients (63 kidney, 17 liver) with mean duration from transplantation of 6.0 (±4.1) years. Among kidney transplant recipients, overweight and obese individuals had higher leptin (16...
September 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710487/decreased-serum-apolipoprotein-a1-levels-are-associated-with-poor-survival-and-systemic-inflammatory-response-in-colorectal-cancer
#19
Päivi Sirniö, Juha P Väyrynen, Kai Klintrup, Jyrki Mäkelä, Markus J Mäkinen, Tuomo J Karttunen, Anne Tuomisto
Recent studies have reported of an association between high serum apolipoprotein A1 (APOA1) levels and favorable prognosis in several malignancies, while the significance of apolipoprotein B (APOB) in cancer is less well-known. In this study, we analyzed the correlation between serum APOA1 and APOB levels, and APOB/APOA1 ratio, and their associations with clinicopathologic parameters, the levels of twenty systemic inflammatory markers, and survival in 144 colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. We demonstrated that low serum APOA1 levels associated with advanced T-class and TNM-stage but low serum APOB levels did not significantly correlate with tumor characteristics...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700834/petroleum-ether-extract-of-njavara-rice-bran-upregulates-jak2-stat3-mediated-anti-inflammatory-profile-in-macrophages-and-aortic-endothelial-cells-promoting-regression-of-atherosclerosis
#20
Chithra K Pushpan, Jayalekshmy Ananthasankaran, Helen Antony
"Njavara"(Oryza sativa Linn) is a unique rice variety grown in Kerala that is reported to have significantly higher antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, chemical indices, and bioactive components compared with staple rice varieties. However, the role of NBE in reversing the atherosclerosis development remains unclear. The present study aimed to elucidate the role of Njavara rice bran petroleum ether extract (NBE) in promoting atherosclerotic regression. Male New Zealand white breed rabbits were divided into three groups...
July 12, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
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