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ApoB/apoA1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419892/plasma-apolipoproteins-and-physical-and-cognitive-health-in-very-old-individuals
#1
Julia Muenchhoff, Fei Song, Anne Poljak, John D Crawford, Karen A Mather, Nicole A Kochan, Zixuan Yang, Julian N Trollor, Simone Reppermund, Kate Maston, Adam Theobald, Susanne Kirchner-Adelhardt, John B Kwok, Robyn L Richmond, Mark McEvoy, John Attia, Peter W Schofield, Henry Brodaty, Perminder S Sachdev
Apolipoproteins play a crucial role in lipid metabolism with implications in cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and longevity. We quantified 7 apolipoproteins in plasma in 1067 individuals aged 56-105 using immunoassays and explored relationships with APOE polymorphism ε2/3/4, vascular health, frailty, and cognition. ApoA1, ApoA2, ApoB, ApoC3, ApoE, ApoH, and ApoJ decreased from mid-life, although ApoE and ApoJ had U-shaped trends. Centenarians had the highest ApoE levels and the lowest frequency of APOE ε4 allele relative to younger groups...
March 1, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413474/obesity-contributes-more-to-increasing-apob-apoa1-ratio-than-hyperandrogenism-in-pcos-women-aged-20-38-years-in-china
#2
Jianhua Zheng, Qianqian Yin, Juanyi Cao, Bei Zhang
We investigated the association between the apolipoprotein B (ApoB)/apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) ratio and insulin resistance (IR), metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components in Chinese polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) adults. We also examined whether hyperandrogenism is involved in obesity-related metabolic abnormalities in a cohort of patients. A clinical cross-sectional study consisting of 532 Chinese PCOS adults aged 20-38 years was designed. Each subject underwent a physical examination and laboratory evaluation...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359952/low-testosterone-levels-are-related-to-oxidative-stress-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-altered-subclinical-atherosclerotic-markers-in-type-2-diabetic-male-patients
#3
Susana Rovira-Llopis, Celia Bañuls, Aranzazu M de Marañon, Noelia Diaz-Morales, Ana Jover, Sandra Garzon, Milagros Rocha, Victor M Victor, Antonio Hernandez-Mijares
INTRODUCTION: Low testosterone levels in men are associated with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular risk. However, the role of testosterone in mitochondrial function and leukocyte-endothelium interactions is unknown. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between testosterone levels, metabolic parameters, oxidative stress, mitochondrial function, inflammation and leukocyte-endothelium interactions in type 2 diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed in 280 male type 2 diabetic patients and 50 control subjects...
March 27, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337704/analysis-of-traditional-and-emerging-risk-factors-in-premenopausal-women-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-pilot-scale-study-from-north-india
#4
Rajesh Vijayvergiya, Divya Kapoor, Ajay Aggarwal, Sonal Sangwan, Vanita Suri, Veena Dhawan
Premenopausal women are known to have less heart disease than their menopausal counterparts and men. However, there is a rising prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in premenopausal females, which necessitates determination of risk factors that negate the effects of hormonal protection. There are few studies describing the prevalence of traditional and emerging risk factors in premenopausal women with CAD. Thus, our objective was to explore the prevalence of traditional and emerging risk factors and features of coronary lesions in premenopausal women with CAD in an Indian population...
March 23, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336922/novel-and-traditional-lipid-related-biomarkers-and-their-combinations-in-predicting-coronary-severity
#5
Sha Li, Yuan-Lin Guo, Xi Zhao, Yan Zhang, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Na-Qiong Wu, Rui-Xia Xu, Ping Qing, Ying Gao, Xiao-Lin Li, Jing Sun, Geng Liu, Qian Dong, Jian-Jun Li
We investigated simultaneously traditional and novel lipid indices, alone or in combination, in predicting coronary severity assessed by Gensini score (GS) in 1605 non-lipid-lowering-drug-treated patients undergoing coronary angiography. Firstly, levels of triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), non high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), apolipoprotein (apo) B, lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)], proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), apoC3, small dense LDL (sdLDL) and large HDL were increased, while HDL-C and apoA1 levels were decreased as GS status (all p for trend <0...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334053/new-insights-of-altered-lipid-profile-in-fragile-x-syndrome
#6
Artuela Çaku, Nabil G Seidah, Audrey Lortie, Nancy Gagné, Patrice Perron, Jean Dubé, Francois Corbin
BACKGROUND: Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is the main genetic cause of autism and intellectual deficiency resulting the absence of the Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein (FMRP). Clinical picture is characterized by cognitive impairment associated with a broad spectrum of psychiatric comorbidities including autism spectrum disorders and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders. Some of these disorders have been associated with lipid abnormalities and lower cholesterol levels. Since lipids are important for neuronal development, we aim to investigate the lipid profile of French Canadian-FXS individuals and to identify the altered components of cholesterol metabolism as well as their association with clinical profile...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264492/lifestyle-and-dietary-determinants-of-serum-apolipoprotein-a1-and-apolipoprotein-b-concentrations-cross-sectional-analyses-within-a-swedish-cohort-of-24-984-individuals
#7
Kasper Frondelius, Madelene Borg, Ulrika Ericson, Yan Borné, Olle Melander, Emily Sonestedt
Low serum apolipoprotein (Apo) A1 concentrations and high serum ApoB concentrations may be better markers of the risk of cardiovascular disease than high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL). However, the associations between modifiable lifestyle factors and Apo concentrations have not been investigated in detail. Therefore, this study investigated the associations between Apo concentrations and education, lifestyle factors and dietary intake (macronutrients and 34 food groups). These cross-sectional associations were examined among 24,984 individuals in a Swedish population-based cohort...
February 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255847/n-3-benzoylphenyl-1h-indole-2-carboxamide-decreases-triglyceride-levels-by-downregulation-of-apoc3-gene-expression-in-acute-hyperlipidemic-rat-model
#8
Lama Hamadneh, Luay Al-Essa, Suhair Hikmat, Tariq Al-Qirim, Ghassan Abu Sheikha, Yusuf Al-Hiari, Nisrin Azmy, Ghassan Shattat
Hyperlipidemia is a known cause of coronary vascular diseases, which is a major cause of death in many parts of the world. Targeting several pathways that lead to increase in lipid profiles is of great potential to control diseases. 1H-indole-2-carboxamide derivatives were tested for their hypolipidemic activity at the molecular level in comparison with bezafibrate. The gene expression profiles of lipoprotein signaling and cholesterol metabolism and fatty acid metabolism PCR arrays were determined in rats with acute hyperlipidemia induced by Triton WR1339...
March 2, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228309/correlation-of-compliance-to-statin-therapy-with-lipid-profile-and-serum-hmgcoa-reductase-levels-in-dyslipidemic-patients
#9
Abhinav Grover, Harmeet Singh Rehan, Lalit Kumar Gupta, Madhur Yadav
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of statin therapy may be lost or vary with reduction in compliance and intensity of statin therapy. OBJECTIVE: To study and correlate the quantitative effect of compliance on lipid profile and 3-hydroxyl-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGCoA-R) levels in dyslipidemic patients. METHODS: Compliance to different intensity of statin therapy assessed by pill count was correlated with serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides (TG), apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1), apolipoprotein B (ApoB) and HMGCoA-R...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193317/identification-of-differentially-expressed-placental-transcripts-during-multiple-gestations-in-the-eurasian-beaver-castor-fiber-l
#10
A Lipka, L Paukszto, M Majewska, J P Jastrzebski, K Myszczynski, G Panasiewicz, B Szafranska
The Eurasian beaver is one of the largest rodents that, despite its high impact on the environment, is a non-model species that lacks a reference genome. Characterising genes critical for pregnancy outcome can serve as a basis for identifying mechanisms underlying effective reproduction, which is required for the success of endangered species conservation programs. In the present study, high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was used to analyse global changes in the Castor fiber subplacenta transcriptome during multiple pregnancy...
February 14, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072742/the-nonlinear-association-between-apolipoprotein-b-to-apolipoprotein-a1-ratio-and-type-2-diabetes
#11
Yong Mao, Yang Xu, Leihong Lu
The ratio of ApoB/apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) has been found to be associated with type 2 diabetes, and it was proposed as a new biomarker for type 2 diabetes predictions. Previous studies have assumed that the association between apoB/apoA1 and type 2 diabetes was linear. However, the linearity assumption has rarely been examined. In the present study, we aimed to examine whether this association showed a linear trend in a nationally representative population.Participants aged 18 years and over (n = 8220) were selected from the China Health Nutrition Survey (CHNS)...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045435/maternal-circulating-lipid-profile-during-early-pregnancy-racial-ethnic-differences-and-association-with-spontaneous-preterm-delivery
#12
Xinhua Chen, Theresa O Scholl, Thomas P Stein, Robert A Steer, Keith P Williams
Prior reports on the association between altered maternal serum lipid levels with preterm delivery are inconsistent. Ethnic differences in serum lipids during pregnancy and their relation to preterm delivery have not been studied. We examined the relationships of six maternal lipids during early pregnancy with the risk of spontaneous preterm delivery (SPTD). The design represents a case-control study nested within a large prospective, multiethnic cohort of young, generally healthy pregnant women. SPTD cases (n = 183) and controls who delivered at term (n = 376) were included...
January 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995841/relationship-between-copper-and-lipids-and-atherogenic-indices-soon-after-birth-in-japanese-preterm-infants-of-32-35-weeks
#13
H Shoji, N Ikeda, C Kojima, T Kitamura, H Suganuma, K Hisata, S Hirayama, T Ueno, T Miida, T Shimizu
Several studies have reported association of altered levels of lipids and some trace elements with risk factors for cardiovascular disease development in adulthood. Accordingly, the present study aimed to determine the relationship among the serum levels of copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), lipids, lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in preterm infants through an assessment of atherogenic indices shortly after birth. Blood samples were collected within 20 min of birth from 45 preterm infants with gestational ages ranging from 32 to 35 weeks...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793523/maternal-early-pregnancy-lipid-profile-and-offspring-s-lipids-and-glycaemic-control-at-age-5-6-years-the-abcd-study
#14
Noekie van Lieshout, Adriëtte J J M Oostvogels, Maaike G J Gademan, Tanja G M Vrijkotte
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Maternal early pregnancy lipid profile might influence offspring's lipids and glycaemic control, through an increased offspring's fat percentage. This explorative study investigates whether maternal early pregnancy lipid profile is associated with offspring's lipids and glycaemic control independently of offspring's fat percentage and if these associations are mediated by offspring's fat percentage. Possible sex differences in these associations are also examined. METHODS: 1133 mother-child pairs of the prospective ABCD-study were included...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766451/high-prevalence-of-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-brazilian-postmenopausal-women-with-low-and-intermediate-risk-by-framingham-score
#15
Ana Claudia Gomes Pereira Petisco, Jorge Eduardo Assef, Carlos Alberto de Jesus, Mohamed Hassan Saleh, Jose Eduardo Martins Barbosa, David Costa de Souza Le Bihan, Ibraim Masciarelli França Pinto, Simone Rolim Fernandes Fontes Pedra, Rodrigo Bellio de Mattos Barretto, Amanda Guerra de Moraes Rego Sousa
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality among women in several countries. Early detection of subclinical atherosclerosis (SA) could enable the adoption of preventive measures to avoid cardiovascular events. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of SA in Brazilian asymptomatic postmenopausal women in Framingham Risk Score (FRS) low and intermediate groups. Computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US) scans were performed in 138 asymptomatic postmenopausal women (56.1 ± 4.9 years of age) to survey for coronary artery and aortic calcification (CT scan) and assess carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and identify carotid plaques (US)...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710808/coronary-atheroma-progression-rates-in-men-and-women-following-high-intensity-statin-therapy-a-pooled-analysis-of-reversal-asteroid-and-saturn
#16
Brian Stegman, Mingyuan Shao, Stephen J Nicholls, Mohamed Elshazly, Leslie Cho, Peta King, Samir Kapadia, Murat Tuzcu, Steven E Nissen, Rishi Puri
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: High-intensity statin therapy (HIST) reduces cardiovascular events, however, sex-related differences in treatment effects are not well characterized. METHODS: A patient-level post hoc pooled analysis of 3 randomized trials utilizing serial coronary intravascular ultrasound was undertaken, testing the anti-atherosclerotic effects of HIST in coronary disease patients. Sex-related differences in changes (Δ) in coronary percent atheroma volume (PAV) were ascertained following 18-24 months of HIST (atorvastatin 80 mg or rosuvastatin 40 mg daily), and further characterized according to on-treatment lipid and lipoprotein levels...
September 15, 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630835/lipid-profile-in-cardiac-syndrome-x-association-with-helicobacter-pylori
#17
Yousef Rasmi, Javad Zeynalzadeh, Alireza Shirpoor, Mirhossein Seyedmohammadzad, Reza Hajhosseini
INTRODUCTION: Chronic inflammation caused by Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection has a pathogenic role in Cardiac Syndrome X (CSX). In addition, it has shown that bacterial infection may affect blood lipids. AIM: To assess if H.pylori affects the level of lipid profile in CSX. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-eight CSX patients and 97 healthy controls were enrolled. The Total Cholesterol (TC), Triglyceride (TG), Lipoprotein A (LP{A}), Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL), High Density Lipoprotein (HDL), Apoprotein A1 (APOA1), and Apoprotein B (APOB) was estimated colorimetrically...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629733/evaluation-of-selected-atherosclerosis-risk-factors-in-women-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism-treated-with-l-thyroxine
#18
Maria Adamarczuk-Janczyszyn, Aleksandra Zdrojowy-Wełna, Natalia Rogala, Katarzyna Zatońska, Grażyna Bednarek-Tupikowska
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is a common endocrine disorder, probably increasing cardiovascular (CV) risk. However, the relation between SCH and atherosclerosis risk factors remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate selected atherosclerosis risk factors in women with SCH in comparison to a group of healthy women and women with overt hypothyroidism, as well as to investigate the influence of L-thyroxine replacement on those risk factors...
May 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596548/-correlation-analysis-between-glycolipids-metabolism-and-clinicopathologic-features-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#19
T Zhang, G Cui, W M Feng, Q L Shi, J Cui, X N Li, Q C Wang, H Shen
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the correlation between glycolipids metabolism and clinicopathologic features in patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: Glycolipids metabolism and clinicopathologic features of 443 gastric cancer patients were collected, and their correlation was analyzed. RESULTS: Compared to gastric cancer patients with normal levels of glycolipids metabolism, there were less male patients who were with low level of total cholesterol (TCH)(χ(2)=7...
August 23, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494723/therapeutic-efficacy-of-pcsk9-monoclonal-antibodies-in-statin-nonresponsive-patients-with-hypercholesterolemia-and-dyslipidemia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Wan Peng, Fu Qiang, Wei Peng, Zhang Qian, Zhu Ke, Lu Yi, Zhong Jian, Qiu Chongrong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia and dyslipidemia are the predominant causes for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Clinical guidelines for lowering CVD risk have advocated that low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) must be reduced. The primary choice of therapy for controlling lipidemia has been statins, which are not completely effective. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type-9 (PCSK9), which interferes with LDL clearance from circulation, inversely relates to the LDL-C levels...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
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