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Nutrition intensive care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314625/transthyretin-concentrations-in-acute-stroke-patients-predict-convalescent-rehabilitation
#1
Naofumi Isono, Yuki Imamura, Keiko Ohmura, Norihide Ueda, Shinji Kawabata, Motomasa Furuse, Toshihiko Kuroiwa
OBJECTIVE: For stroke patients, intensive nutritional management is an important and effective component of inpatient rehabilitation. Accordingly, acute care hospitals must detect and prevent malnutrition at an early stage. Blood transthyretin levels are widely used as a nutritional monitoring index in critically ill patients. Here, we had analyzed the relationship between the transthyretin levels during the acute phase and Functional Independence Measure in stroke patients undergoing convalescent rehabilitation...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304321/calcium-chloride-in-neonatal-parenteral-nutrition-a-15-year-experience
#2
R K Huston, J W Kaempf, M Wang, L Wang, Gary L Grunkemeier, Howard S Cohen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if outcomes at our neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) since we began using calcium chloride (CaCl2) as our preferred calcium additive in order to reduce aluminum (Al) exposure are within expected outcome ranges for NICUs in the U.S. where calcium gluconate in glass vials (CaGlu-Gl) has been the preferred additive. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of very low birth weight infants born between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2014...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302205/-value-of-nutritional-risk-screening-in-evaluating-adverse-clinical-outcomes-in-children-with-severe-pneumonia
#3
Xiao-Hui Guo, Yan-Feng Sun, Jiang-Bo Wang, Shu-Zhen Han, Jing Miao, Min Cui
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nutritional risk in children with severe pneumonia using the Screening Tool for the Assessment of Malnutrition in Paediatrics (STAMP) and the association between nutritional risk and adverse clinical outcomes. METHODS: According to the STAMP score, 216 children with severe pneumonia were classified into high nutritional risk group (HR group; n=98), moderate nutritional risk group (MR group; n=65), and low nutritional risk group (LR group; n=53)...
March 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297827/-application-of-bedside-ultrasound-in-measuring-gastric-residual-volume-in-neurosurgical-critical-patients-with-enteral-nutrition-support
#4
L Cao, X H Ye, J Li, L N Zhang, L Li, W Y Zhang, L L Deng
Objective: To explore the effect of bedside ultrasound in measuring gastric residual volume in neurosurgical critical patients with enteral nutrition support. Method: From March to August 2016, 70 critically neurological patients with continues enteral nutrition who admitted in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) were randomized into two groups. The observation group applied the bedside ultrasound monitoring gastric residual volume every day to guide the implementation of enteral nutrition. The control group used syringes withdrawing every 8 hours to measure the gastric residual volume...
March 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293959/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-postnatal-growth-restriction-in-preterm-infants
#5
Sumru Kavurt, Kıymet Celik
AIM: Preterm infants are often significantly underweight at the time of hospital discharge. Growth impairment during early infancy can have permanent detrimental effects. We aimed to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of postnatal growth restriction (PNGR) in preterm infants. METHODS: This prospective study included 124 preterm infants in neonatal intensive care unit between January 2015 and June 2016. RESULTS: Of 140 preterm infants screened, postnatal growth retardation was detected in 46 babies (36...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292527/enteral-nutrition-volume-is-not-correlated-with-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-in-patients-on-mechanical-ventilation
#6
A Colomar, B Guardiola, J A Llompart-Pou, I Ayestarán, J Rodríguez-Pilar, M Ferreruela, J M Raurich
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of enteral nutrition volume, gastrointestinal function and the type of acid suppressive drug upon the incidence of lower respiratory tract infections in critically ill patients on mechanical ventilation (MV). DESIGN: A retrospective secondary analysis was carried out. SETTING: The Intensive Care Unit of a University Hospital. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS: Patients≥18-years-old expected to need MV for more than four days, and receiving enteral nutrition by nasogastric tube within 24h of starting MV...
March 11, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289851/withdrawal-of-artificial-nutrition-and-hydration-in-neonatal-intensive-care-parents-and-healthcare-practitioners-views
#7
Véronique Fournier, Elisabeth Belghiti, Laurence Brunet, Marta Spranzi
Withdrawing Artificial Nutrition and Hydration (WANH) in the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) has long been controversial. In France, the practice has become a legal option since 2005. But even though, the question remains as to what the stakeholders' experience is, and whether they consider it ethically appropriate. In order to contribute to the debate, we initiated a study in 2009 to evaluate parental and health care professionals (HCP) perspectives, after they experienced WAHN for a newborn. The study included 25 cases from 5 different clinical neonatology departments...
March 13, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289812/the-icm-research-agenda-on-intensive-care-unit-acquired-weakness
#8
Nicola Latronico, Margaret Herridge, Ramona O Hopkins, Derek Angus, Nicholas Hart, Greet Hermans, Theodore Iwashyna, Yaseen Arabi, Giuseppe Citerio, E Wesley Ely, Jesse Hall, Sangeeta Mehta, Kathleen Puntillo, Johannes Van den Hoeven, Hannah Wunsch, Deborah Cook, Claudia Dos Santos, Gordon Rubenfeld, Jean-Louis Vincent, Greet Van den Berghe, Elie Azoulay, Dale M Needham
We present areas of uncertainty concerning intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICUAW) and identify areas for future research. Age, pre-ICU functional and cognitive state, concurrent illness, frailty, and health trajectories impact outcomes and should be assessed to stratify patients. In the ICU, early assessment of limb and diaphragm muscle strength and function using nonvolitional tests may be useful, but comparison with established methods of global and specific muscle strength and physical function and determination of their reliability and normal values would be important to advance these techniques...
March 13, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286784/the-influence-of-metabolic-imbalances-and-oxidative-stress-on-the-outcome-of-critically-ill-polytrauma-patients-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Alexandru Florin Rogobete, Dorel Sandesc, Marius Papurica, Emil Robert Stoicescu, Sonia Elena Popovici, Lavinia Melania Bratu, Corina Vernic, Adriana Mariana Sas, Adrian Tudor Stan, Ovidiu Horea Bedreag
The critically ill polytrauma patient presents with a series of associated pathophysiologies secondary to the traumatic injuries. The most important include systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), sepsis, oxidative stress (OS), metabolic disorders, and finally multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and death. The poor outcome of these patients is related to the association of the aforementioned pathologies. The nutrition of the critically ill polytrauma patient is a distinct challenge because of the rapid changes in terms of energetic needs associated with hypermetabolism, sepsis, SIRS, and OS...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284302/critical-care-nutrition-where-s-the-evidence
#10
REVIEW
Jayshil J Patel, Ryan T Hurt, Stephen A McClave, Robert G Martindale
The surgical critically ill patient is subject to a variable and complex metabolic response, which has detrimental effects on immunity, wound healing, and preservation of lean body muscle. The concept of nutrition support has evolved into nutrition therapy, whereby the primary objectives are to prevent oxidative cell injury, modulate the immune response, and attenuate the metabolic response. This review outlines the metabolic response to critical illness, describes nutritional risk; reviews the evidence for the role, dose, and timing of enteral and parenteral nutrition, and reviews the evidence for immunonutrition in the surgical intensive care unit...
April 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282229/evaluation-of-the-safety-of-early-compared-to-late-enteral-nutrition-in-canine-septic-peritonitis
#11
Jamie Elizabeth Hoffberg, Amy Koenigshof
Septic peritonitis is a relatively common condition in the veterinary intensive care unit, with a classically high mortality rate. Early enteral nutrition (EEN) in critically ill humans can lead to improved outcome. This study was performed to determine the safety of early postoperative feeding in canine septic peritonitis. In this retrospective case series, 56 dogs were identified. Sixteen dogs received EEN, defined as nutrition within 24 hr of surgery; 27 received late enteral nutrition (LEN) defined as nutrition more than 24 hours following surgery; and 13 dogs had no enteral nutrition in hospital (NEN)...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271424/a-randomized-controlled-multisite-study-of-behavioral-interventions-for-veterans-with-mental-illness-and-antipsychotic-medication-associated-obesity
#12
Zachary D Erickson, Crystal L Kwan, Hollie A Gelberg, Irina Y Arnold, Valery Chamberlin, Jennifer A Rosen, Chandresh Shah, Charles T Nguyen, Gerhard Hellemann, Dixie R Aragaki, Charles F Kunkel, Melissa M Lewis, Neena Sachinvala, Patrick A Sonza, Joseph M Pierre, Donna Ames
BACKGROUND: Weight gain and other metabolic sequelae of antipsychotic medications can lead to medication non-adherence, reduced quality of life, increased costs, and premature mortality. Of the approaches to address this, behavioral interventions are less invasive, cost less, and can result in sustained long-term benefits. OBJECTIVE: We investigated behavioral weight management interventions for veterans with mental illness across four medical centers within the Veterans Affairs (VA) Healthcare System...
March 7, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267681/pressure-ulcer-risk-and-prevention-practices-in-pediatric-patients-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-the-national-database-of-nursing-quality-indicators%C3%A2
#13
Ivy Razmus, Sandra Bergquist-Beringer
Little is known about pressure ulcer prevention practice among pediatric patients. To describe the frequency of pressure ulcer risk assessment in pediatric patients and pressure ulcer prevention intervention use overall and by hospital unit type, a descriptive secondary analysis was performed of data submitted to the National Database for Nursing Quality Indicators® (NDNQI®) for at least 3 of the 4 quarters in 2012. Relevant data on pressure ulcer risk from 271 hospitals across the United States extracted from the NDNQI database included patient skin and pressure ulcer risk assessment on admission, time since the last pressure ulcer risk assessment, method used to assess pressure ulcer risk, and risk status...
January 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265164/passive-exercise-of-the-lower-limbs-and-trunk-alleviates-decreased-intestinal-motility-in-patients-in-the-intensive-care-unit-after-cardiovascular-surgery
#14
Tomoyuki Morisawa, Tetsuya Takahashi, Naoki Sasanuma, Satoshi Mabuchi, Kenta Takeda, Naoto Hori, Naotsugu Ohashi, Takeshi Ide, Kazuhisa Domen, Shinichi Nishi
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to clarify the effects of passive exercise of the lower limbs and trunk (PELT) in ICU patients after cardiovascular surgery with decreased bowel motility. [Subjects and Methods] Ten ICU patients with clinically-apparent decreased bowel motility during the period of April to July 2016 were enrolled this study. Bowel sounds (BS) for 5 minutes at rest and 5 minutes after PELT were recorded through an electronic stethoscope. A frequency analysis was performed and the BS before and after PELT were compared...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250751/traumatic-brain-injury-and-palliative-care-a-retrospective-analysis-of-49-patients-receiving-palliative-care-during-2013-2016-in-turkey
#15
Kadriye Kahveci, Metin Dinçer, Cihan Doger, Ayse Karhan Yaricı
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), which is seen more in young adults, affects both patients and their families. The need for palliative care in TBI and the limits of the care requirement are not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the length of stay in the palliative care center (PCC), Turkey, the status of patients at discharge, and the need for palliative care in patients with TBI. The medical records of 49 patients with TBI receiving palliative care in PCC during 2013-2016 were retrospectively collected, including age and gender of patients, the length of stay in PCC, the cause of TBI, diagnosis, Glasgow Coma Scale score, Glasgow Outcome Scale score, Karnofsky Performance Status score, mobilization status, nutrition route (oral, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy), pressure ulcers, and discharge status...
January 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246469/restoration-of-energy-level-in-the-early-phase-of-acute-pediatric-pancreatitis
#16
REVIEW
Dóra Mosztbacher, Nelli Farkas, Margit Solymár, Gabriella Pár, Judit Bajor, Ákos Szűcs, József Czimmer, Katalin Márta, Alexandra Mikó, Zoltán Rumbus, Péter Varjú, Péter Hegyi, Andrea Párniczky
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a serious inflammatory disease with rising incidence both in the adult and pediatric populations. It has been shown that mitochondrial injury and energy depletion are the earliest intracellular events in the early phase of AP. Moreover, it has been revealed that restoration of intracellular ATP level restores cellular functions and defends the cells from death. We have recently shown in a systematic review and meta-analysis that early enteral feeding is beneficial in adults; however, no reviews are available concerning the effect of early enteral feeding in pediatric AP...
February 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244719/thiamin-and-folic-acid-deficiency-accompanied-by-resistant-electrolyte-imbalance-in-the-re-feeding-syndrome-in-an-elderly-patient
#17
Sibel Ocak Serin, Gulsah Karaoren, Yildiz Okuturlar, Ethem Unal, Seda Ahci, Eda Karakoc, Sema Ucak Basat
INTRODUCTION: Re-feeding Syndrome (RS) is a deadly complication, which can be encountered during "refeeding" of malnourished patients. In these patients, thiamin deficiency may develop and "risk awareness" is the most significant factor in the management of these patients. In this case report, the treatment is presented of an elderly patient who was diagnosed with RS and followed-up in the intensive care unit (ICU) due to resistant fluidelectrolyte imbalance. CASE: An 87-year-old elderly woman was admitted to the hospital due to aspiration pneumonia...
March 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244700/the-influence-of-protein-provision-in-the-early-phase-of-intensive-care-on-clinical-outcomes-for-critically-ill-patients-on-mechanical-ventilation
#18
Joo Han Song, Ho Sun Lee, Song Yee Kim, Eun Young Kim, Jie Ye Jung, Young Ae Kang, Moo Suk Park, Young Sam Kim, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang, Kyung Soo Chung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mechanically ventilated patients often face progressive and rapid losses of body mass and muscle because of hypermetabolism and increased protein catabolism. To investigate the impact of adequate nutritional provision during the early phase of intensive care unit (ICU) admission on the clinical outcomes in patients with medical illnesses receiving mechanical ventilation support. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred and eleven mechanically ventilated patients admitted to a 30-bed medical ICU were included...
March 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244059/medical-errors-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-at-benha-university-hospital-egypt
#19
REVIEW
Ahmed N El-Shazly, Mahmoud A Al-Azzouny, Doaa R Soliman, Neveen T Abed, Sameh S Attia
This study was conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit of Benha University Hospital, Egypt from 1 August 2012 to the 31 January 2013 to identify medical errors and to determine the risk factors and consequences of these errors. Errors were detected by follow-up of neonates and review of reports including nursing followup sheets, resident progression notes and investigation reports. We detected 3819 errors that affected 97% of neonates. Types of errors included 403 medication errors (10.55% of total errors), 652 errors in daily routine procedures (17...
February 21, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243502/ceeg-electrode-related-pressure-ulcers-in-acutely-hospitalized-patients
#20
Lidia M V R Moura, Thiago S Carneiro, David Kwasnik, Valdery F Moura, Christine S Blodgett, Joseph Cohen, Mary McKenna Guanci, Daniel B Hoch, John Hsu, Andrew J Cole, M Brandon Westover
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers resulting from continuous EEG (cEEG) monitoring in hospitalized patients have gained attention as a preventable medical complication. We measured their incidence and risk factors. METHODS: We performed an observational investigation of cEEG-electrode-related pressure ulcers (EERPU) among acutely ill patients over a 22-month period. Variables analyzed included age, sex, monitoring duration, hospital location, application methods, vasopressor usage, nutritional status, skin allergies, fever, and presence/severity of EERPU...
February 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
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