keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutrition intensive care

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033559/pressure-injuries-in-elderly-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#1
Klara Komici, Dino F Vitale, Dario Leosco, Angela Mancini, Graziamaria Corbi, Leonardo Bencivenga, Alessandro Mezzani, Bruno Trimarco, Carmine Morisco, Nicola Ferrara, Giuseppe Rengo
OBJECTIVES: To assess pressure injury (PI) incidence among patients hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in an intensive coronary care unit (ICCU) and to detect the impact of specific risk factors on the development of PI in this clinical setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study in ICCU setting. Patients admitted for AMI: patients mean age 67.5±11.5 years (n=165). Norton Scale, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), demographic, clinical and biochemical data collected at the time of ICCU admission have been tested in a logistic model to assess the odds ratios (ORs) of PI risk development...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030727/-parenteral-nutrition-in-premature-babies-with-a-birth-weight-1500g-a%C3%A2-systematic-single-center-analysis-and-comparison-with-current-guidelines
#2
Melanie Sirch, Martin Poryo, Mona Butte, Ulrike Lindner, Ludwig Gortner, Michael Zemlin, Holger Nunold, Sascha Meyer
BACKGROUND: Parenteral and enteral nutrition are essential for both growth and development of preterm infants. Based on the results of many studies, the rate of nutritional growth and the amount of substrate delivered parenterally are under debate. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to assess parenteral nutrition in very and extremely immature preterm infants, i.e. very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight <1500g) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW, birth weight <1000g) neonates, and to compare the amount of parenterally delivered substrate in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to current German guidelines...
October 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020483/efficacy-of-low-level-laser-therapy-as-an-auxiliary-tool-for-management-of-acute-side-effects-of-head-and-neck-radiotherapy
#3
Wilfredo Alejandro González-Arriagada, Lara Maria Alencar Ramos, Marco Aurélio Carvalho Andrade, Marcio Ajudarte Lopes
INTRODUCTION: Head and neck radiotherapy (HNRT) is associated with acute and chronic side effects, some of which result in great morbidity. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as an oral care tool for the management of these effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical information was collected from 216 patients undergoing HNRT; these individuals were divided into a control group without laser therapy (n = 108), and a laser group (n = 108)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018886/focus-on-nutrition-and-glucose-control-in-the-intensive-care-unit-recent-advances-and-debates
#4
EDITORIAL
Jean Reignier, Kenneth B Christopher, Yaseen Arabi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017015/a-twelve-week-lifestyle-program-to-improve-cardiometabolic-behavioral-and-psychological-health-in-hispanic-children-and-adolescents
#5
Sami Yli-Piipari, Alison Berg, Emma M Laing, Diane L Hartzell, Kenneth O Parris, Jon Udwadia, Richard D Lewis
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of a 12-week lifestyle program on cardiometabolic, behavioral, and psychological outcomes among overweight Hispanic children and adolescents. DESIGN: A case series study with pre- and post-test analyses. Subjects/Settings/Location: A convenience sample of high-risk pediatric primary care patients (n = 22; 6 girls, 16 boys; M age = 11.73 ± 1.39 years) and their guardians in the Southeast United States. INTERVENTION: Twice per week 60 min (total of 24 h) of moderate-to-vigorous intensity boxing exercise training, 12 h of nutrition education for guardians, and a 30-min pediatrician appointment...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016262/association-of-5-httlpr-polymorphism-with-the-nursing-diagnoses-and-the-achievement-of-nursing-outcomes-in-patients-with-major-depression
#6
Margarita Prokofieva, Georgia Karadima, Evmorfia Koukia, Vassiliki Michou, Chrysoula Kyprianidou, Chrysovalantis V Papageorgiou, Evangelos Alexiadis, Pantelis Constantoulakis, Dimitris Dikeos
The aim of this study is to investigate whether a 44-base-pair insertion/deletion polymorphism in the upstream regulatory region of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) is associated with the nursing diagnoses and the achievement of the desired nursing outcomes in inpatients with major depression. Thirty five patients were evaluated. The nursing diagnoses of risk for suicide and imbalanced nutrition are reported less often in homozygotes of the high-expressing gene (LA). Carriers of the low-expressing genes (LG or S) have a worse response to interventions which aim to increase low self-esteem, indicating that they may need more intensive care in order to achieve the desired outcome...
October 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992064/estimating-the-comparative-effectiveness-of-feeding-interventions-in-the-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-a-demonstration-of-longitudinal-targeted-maximum-likelihood-estimation
#7
Noémi Kreif, Linh Tran, Richard Grieve, Bianca deStavola, Robert C Tasker, Maya Petersen
Longitudinal data sources offer new opportunities for the evaluation of sequential interventions. To adjust for time-dependent confounding in these settings, longitudinal targeted maximum likelihood based estimation (TMLE), a double-robust method that can be coupled with machine learning, has been proposed. This paper provides a tutorial in applying longitudinal TMLE, in contrast to inverse probability of treatment weighting and g-computation based on iterative conditional expectations. We apply these methods to estimate the causal effect of nutritional interventions on clinical outcomes of critically ill children...
June 24, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982819/uk-based-multisite-prospective-cohort-study-of-small-bowel-obstruction-in-acute-surgical-services-national-audit-of-small-bowel-obstruction-nasbo-protocol
#8
Matthew J Lee, Adele E Sayers, Thomas M Drake, Marianne Hollyman, Mike Bradburn, Daniel Hind, Timothy R Wilson, Nicola S Fearnhead
INTRODUCTION: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a common indication for emergency laparotomy in the UK, which is associated with a 90-day mortality rate of 13%. There are currently no UK clinical guidelines for the management of this condition. The aim of this multicentre prospective cohort study is to describe the burden, variation in management and associated outcomes of SBO in the UK adult population. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: UK hospitals providing emergency general surgery are eligible to participate...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982801/effectiveness-of-oncologist-referred-exercise-and-healthy-eating-programming-as-a-part-of-supportive-adjuvant-care-for-early-breast-cancer
#9
Amy A Kirkham, Cheri L Van Patten, Karen A Gelmon, Donald C McKenzie, Alis Bonsignore, Kelcey A Bland, Kristin L Campbell
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials have established efficacy of supervised exercise training during chemotherapy for breast cancer for numerous health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to assess reach, effectiveness, maintenance, and implementation of an evidence-based exercise and healthy eating program offered within an adjuvant care setting. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: Women receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer were given a prescription by their oncologist to participate in the Nutrition and Exercise during Adjuvant Treatment (NExT) program...
October 5, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977291/the-nutritional-status-of-hospitalized-children-and-adolescents-a-comparison-between-two-nutritional-assessment-tools-with-anthropometric-parameters
#10
Thaynara Cristina de Oliveira, Izabela Zibetti de Albuquerque, Maria Luiza Ferreira Stringhini, Andrea Sugai Mortoza, Bruna Alves de Morais
OBJECTIVE: Verify the association between anthropometric indicators and the Subjective Global Assessment of Nutritional Status (SGA) and the Screening of Risk for Nutritional Status and Growth (STRONGkids) scales. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with patients from 0 to 18 years admitted in the Hospital das Clínicas, Goiânia (GO), between August and November 2015. Children and adolescents admitted in up to 48 hours were included. Patients who required specific instruments for assessing their nutritional status and those hospitalized in Intensive Care were excluded...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977099/fluid-overload-in-children-undergoing-mechanical-ventilation
#11
Clarice Laroque Sinott Lopes, Jefferson Pedro Piva
Patients admitted to an intensive care unit are prone to cumulated fluid overload and receive intravenous volumes through the aggressive resuscitation recommended for septic shock treatment, as well as other fluid sources related to medications and nutritional support. The liberal liquid supply strategy has been associated with higher morbidity and mortality. Although there are few prospective pediatric studies, new strategies are being proposed. This non-systematic review discusses the pathophysiology of fluid overload, its consequences, and the available therapeutic strategies...
September 28, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976397/-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-the-elderly-patient
#12
Bahar Boydak
As it is the case globally, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) make up the most frequent cause of death in Turkey also. Due to this fact, cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has gained a highly important role in the treatment of coronary artery diseases. In Turkey, mortality and morbidity rates among the elderly patients are significantly high. Disability due to coronary artery diseases is more frequent in the elderly compared to young patients. So, it is clear that CR has a considerable importance in this special group of patients...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973065/effect-of-systematic-intensive-care-unit-triage-on-long-term-mortality-among-critically-ill-elderly-patients-in-france-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Bertrand Guidet, Guillaume Leblanc, Tabassome Simon, Maguy Woimant, Jean-Pierre Quenot, Olivier Ganansia, Maxime Maignan, Youri Yordanov, Samuel Delerme, Benoit Doumenc, Muriel Fartoukh, Pierre Charestan, Pauline Trognon, Bertrand Galichon, Nicolas Javaud, Anabela Patzak, Maïté Garrouste-Orgeas, Caroline Thomas, Sylvie Azerad, Dominique Pateron, Ariane Boumendil
Importance: The high mortality rate in critically ill elderly patients has led to questioning of the beneficial effect of intensive care unit (ICU) admission and to a variable ICU use among this population. Objective: To determine whether a recommendation for systematic ICU admission in critically ill elderly patients reduces 6-month mortality compared with usual practice. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter, cluster-randomized clinical trial of 3037 critically ill patients aged 75 years or older, free of cancer, with preserved functional status (Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living ≥4) and nutritional status (absence of cachexia) who arrived at the emergency department of one of 24 hospitals in France between January 2012 and April 2015 and were followed up until November 2015...
October 17, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964639/early-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-improves-nutrition-delivery-in-neonates-during-extracorporeal-life-support
#14
Heidi J Murphy, John B Cahill, Katherine E Twombley, James R Kiger
OBJECTIVE: Optimizing nutrition in neonatal patients as soon as possible after extracorporeal life support (ECLS) initiation is imperative as malnutrition can worsen both short- and long-term outcomes. Fluid restriction, used to manage the fluid overload that commonly complicates neonatal ECLS, severely impairs nutrition delivery. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) can be used to help manage fluid overload. We hypothesize that early CRRT utilization ameliorates the need for fluid restriction and allows providers to prescribe higher parenteral nutrition (PN) volumes leading to better nutrition delivery...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960717/retrospective-evaluation-of-155-adult-equids-and-21-foals-with-tetanus-in-western-northern-and-central-europe-2000-2014-part-1-description-of-history-and-clinical-evolution
#15
Gaby van Galen, Claude Saegerman, Joke Rijckaert, Helene Amory, Lara Armengou, Barbora Bezdekova, Inge Durie, Rikke Findshøj Delany, Nathalie Fouché, Laura Haley, Michael Hewetson, Rene van den Hoven, Anna Kendall, Fernando Malalana, Jessika Muller Cavalleri, Tresemiek Picavet, Katja Roscher, Denis Verwilghen, Meret Wehrli Eser, Cornélie Westermann, Tim Mair
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical data of hospitalized adult equids and foals with tetanus. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study (2000-2014). SETTING: Twenty Western, Northern, and Central European university teaching hospitals and private referral centers. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-five adult equids (>6 months) and 21 foals (<6 months) with tetanus. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Information on geographic, annual and seasonal data, demographic- and management-related data, clinical history, clinical examination and blood analysis on admission, complications, treatments, and outcomes were described and statistically compared between adults and foals...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950897/blind-bedside-postpyloric-placement-of-spiral-tube-as-rescue-therapy-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-tricentric-observational-study
#16
Bo Lv, Linhui Hu, Lifang Chen, Bei Hu, Yanlin Zhang, Heng Ye, Cheng Sun, Xiunong Zhang, Huilan Lan, Chunbo Chen
BACKGROUND: Various special techniques for blind bedside transpyloric tube placement have been introduced into clinical practice. However, transpyloric spiral tube placement facilitated by a blind bedside method has not yet been reported. The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the safety and efficiency of blind bedside postpyloric placement of a spiral tube as a rescue therapy subsequent to failed spontaneous transpyloric migration in critically ill patients. METHODS: This prospective, tricentric, observational study was conducted in the intensive care units (ICUs) of three tertiary hospitals...
September 26, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940032/the-impact-of-22q11-2-microdeletion-on-cardiac-surgery-postoperative-outcome
#17
Goran Cuturilo, Danijela Drakulic, Ida Jovanovic, Slobodan Ilic, Jasna Kalanj, Irena Vulicevic, Misela Raus, Dejan Skoric, Marija Mijovic, Biljana Medjo, Snezana Rsovac, Milena Stevanovic
22q11.2 microdeletion is the most common microdeletion in humans. The purpose of this study was to evaluate postoperative outcome in children with 22q11.2 microdeletion who had undergone complete surgical correction of a congenital heart defect. The study included 34 patients who underwent complete correction of conotruncal heart defects. Of these, 17 patients diagnosed with 22q11.2 microdeletion represent the investigated group. Another 17 patients without 22q11.2 microdeletion represent the control group...
September 22, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936712/early-goal-directed-nutrition-versus-standard-of-care-in-adult-intensive-care-patients-the-single-centre-randomised-outcome-assessor-blinded-eat-icu-trial
#18
Matilde Jo Allingstrup, Jens Kondrup, Jørgen Wiis, Casper Claudius, Ulf Gøttrup Pedersen, Rikke Hein-Rasmussen, Mads Rye Bjerregaard, Morten Steensen, Tom Hartvig Jensen, Theis Lange, Martin Bruun Madsen, Morten Hylander Møller, Anders Perner
PURPOSE: We assessed the effects of early goal-directed nutrition (EGDN) vs. standard nutritional care in adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: We randomised acutely admitted, mechanically ventilated ICU patients expected to stay longer than 3 days in the ICU. In the EGDN group we estimated nutritional requirements by indirect calorimetry and 24-h urinary urea aiming at covering 100% of requirements from the first full trial day using enteral and parenteral nutrition...
September 22, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935438/lipids-in-the-intensive-care-unit-recommendations-from-the-espen-expert-group
#19
REVIEW
Philip C Calder, Michael Adolph, Nicolaas E Deutz, Teodoro Grau, Jacqueline K Innes, Stanislaw Klek, Shaul Lev, Konstantin Mayer, Adina T Michael-Titus, Lorenzo Pradelli, Mark Puder, Hester Vlaardingerbroek, Pierre Singer
This article summarizes the presentations given at an ESPEN Workshop on "Lipids in the ICU" held in Tel Aviv, Israel in November 2014 and subsequent discussions and updates. Lipids are an important component of enteral and parenteral nutrition support and provide essential fatty acids, a concentrated source of calories and building blocks for cell membranes. Whilst linoleic acid-rich vegetable oil-based enteral and parenteral nutrition is still widely used, newer lipid components such as medium-chain triglycerides and olive oil are safe and well tolerated...
September 7, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935289/survey-on-the-assessment-of-nutritional-status-and-feedback-syndrome-in-spanish-intensive-care-units
#20
M Zamora Elson, J Trujillano Cabello, C González Iglesias, M L Bordejé Laguna, J F Fernández Ortega, C Vaquerizo Alonso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
keyword
keyword
62346
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"