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Nutrition intensive care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651052/management-of-glycemic-variation-in-diabetic-patients-receiving-parenteral-nutrition-by-continuous-subcutaneous-insulin-infusion-csii-therapy
#1
Feng-Fei Li, Wen-Li Zhang, Bing-Li Liu, Dan-Feng Zhang, Wei Chen, Li Yuan, Mao-Yuan Chen, Xiao-Fang Zhai, Jin-Dan Wu, Xiao-Fei Su, Lei Ye, Hong-Yong Cao, Jian-Hua Ma
To compare the continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) or insulin glargine based multiple injections (MDI) therapy on glycemic variations in diabetic patients receiving PN outside of intensive care settings. This was a single-center, randomized, open-label trial. Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who were receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) were recruited. After baseline data were collected, recruited patients were then randomized 1:1 to a CSII group or a MDI group. All patients were subjected to a 4-day retrospective Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM)...
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650049/variation-in-general-supportive-and-preventive-intensive-care-management-of-traumatic-brain-injury-a-survey-in-66-neurotrauma-centers-participating-in-the-collaborative-european-neurotrauma-effectiveness-research-in-traumatic-brain-injury-center-tbi-study
#2
Jilske A Huijben, Victor Volovici, Maryse C Cnossen, Iain K Haitsma, Nino Stocchetti, Andrew I R Maas, David K Menon, Ari Ercole, Giuseppe Citerio, David Nelson, Suzanne Polinder, Ewout W Steyerberg, Hester F Lingsma, Mathieu van der Jagt
BACKGROUND: General supportive and preventive measures in the intensive care management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) aim to prevent or limit secondary brain injury and optimize recovery. The aim of this survey was to assess and quantify variation in perceptions on intensive care unit (ICU) management of patients with TBI in European neurotrauma centers. METHODS: We performed a survey as part of the Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) study...
April 13, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627715/prevalence-and-duration-of-reasons-for-enteral-nutrition-feeding-interruption-in-a-tertiary-intensive-care-unit
#3
Zheng-Yii Lee, Noor Airini Ibrahim, Barakatun-Nisak Mohd-Yusof
OBJECTIVES: The use of enteral nutrition (EN) in the intensive care unit (ICU) is subjected to frequent feeding interruption (FI). The prevalence and duration of causes for EN FI was investigated. METHODS: Reasons for EN FI identified from extensive literature review were prospectively collected in adult mechanically ventilated critically ill patients. Results were reported by descriptive statistics. Baseline and nutritional characteristics between patients who died and those alive at day 60 were compared...
January 31, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614758/pediatric-age-palm-oil-consumption
#4
Lorenza Di Genova, Laura Cerquiglini, Laura Penta, Anna Biscarini, Susanna Esposito
Palm oil is widely used in the food industry for its chemical/physical properties, low cost and wide availability. Its widespread use has provoked an intense debate about whether it is a potential danger to human health. In a careful review of the scientific literature, we focused on nutritional characteristics and health effects of the use of palm oil with regards to children, seeking to determine whether there is evidence that justifies fears about the health effects of palm oil. Our review showed that palm oil represents a significant source of saturated fatty acids, to which scientific evidence attributes negative health effects when used in excess, especially with regards to cardiovascular diseases...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607165/a-quality-improvement-program-with-nutrition-therapy-restriction-of-lipid-emulsions-in-cardiac-surgical-patients
#5
Jian Gao, Guo-Wei Tu, Chun-Sheng Wang, Du-Ming Zhu, Lan Liu, Hua Liu, Xiao-Mei Yang, Zhe Luo
Background: To evaluate the effect of restriction of soybean-based intravenous fat emulsions (IVFEs) in clinical outcomes in cardiac surgical patients. Methods: This was a before-and-after interventional study comparing the clinical outcomes regarding the intervention of IVFEs restriction. Before August 2015, parenteral nutrition (PN) using a soy-based lipid emulsion was routinely implemented if patients failed to meet >60% of energy requirements in 48 h post cardiac surgery (Period A)...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606602/adductor-muscle-thickness-of-the-thumb-a-new-and-reliable-parameter-for-nutritional-assessment-of-pediatric-inpatients
#6
Juliana Paludo Vallandro, Luciana da Silveira Klein Campos, Laura Dresch Neumann, Elza Daniel de Mello
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT) is a promising method for evaluation of muscle loss and, consequently, malnutrition in adult and elderly patients. However, to date, there have been no studies of its applicability to the pediatric population. Within this context, we sought to evaluate the association of APMT with anthropometric variables, body mass index (BMI), pediatric Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) of nutrition, nutritional screening, and clinical outcomes in hospitalized pediatric patients...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606021/wastage-of-standardised-parenteral-nutrition-solution-a-challenge-for-neonatal-units
#7
Mangesh Deshmukh, Jessica Grzejszczyk, Shailender Mehta, Sanjay Patole
BACKGROUND: Standardised parental nutrition (PN) has been used in many neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Easy accessibility, better provision of nutrients, reduced prescription errors and cost savings are some of its benefits. Fixed large volume (e.g. 750-1000 mL) and short expiry limit (48 hrs) along with changing metabolic needs of neonates leads to significant wastage of PN solution. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate wastage of PN solution in our 22-bedded NICU. METHODS: The audit was conducted over 21-month period (July 2015-April 2017)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605033/relationship-between-duration-of-preoperative-symptoms-and-postoperative-ileus-for-small-bowel-obstruction
#8
Whitney S Brandt, Joshua Wood, Bishwajit Bhattacharya, Kevin Pei, Kimberly A Davis, Kevin Schuster
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with postoperative ileus and increased resource utilization for patients who undergo operative intervention for small-bowel obstruction are not extensively studied. We evaluated the association between total duration of preoperative symptoms and postoperative outcomes in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent surgery for small-bowel obstruction (2013-2016). Clinical data were recorded...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603815/the-relationship-of-delirium-and-risk-factors-in-cardiology-intensive-care-unit-patients-with-the-nursing-workload
#9
A Öztürk Birge, T Bedük
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to evaluate the relationship of delirium and risk factors in cardiology intensive care unit (ICU) patients with the nursing workload. BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common syndrome in patients with cardiac problems. The risk factors causing delirium and the presence and type of delirium affect the nurse workload and patient care quality adversely. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 133 patients staying at the cardiology ICU of a university hospital between January 5 and March 31, 2017...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603412/improving-nutrition-outcomes-for-infants-1500-grams-with-a-progressive-evidenced-based-enteral-feeding-protocol
#10
Melissa K Thoene, Elizabeth Lyden, Ann Anderson-Berry
BACKGROUND: Growth is essential for very low birth weight infants. The purpose of this retrospective chart review was to evaluate the impact of a new standardized, evidenced-based feeding protocol for infants born < 1500 g in correlation with growth and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Growth and nutrition data was reviewed from 2 groups of infants born < 1500 g within a level III newborn intensive care unit (NICU). Epoch 1 infants (N = 32) received care following initial implementation of a standardized enteral feeding protocol...
March 30, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603281/association-of-energy-and-protein-delivery-on-skeletal-muscle-mass-changes-in-critically-ill-adults-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Kate J Lambell, Susannah J King, Adrienne K Forsyth, Audrey C Tierney
Critically ill patients experience significant and rapid loss of skeletal muscle mass, which has been associated with negative clinical outcomes. The aetiology of muscle wasting is multifactorial and nutrition delivery may play a role. A systematic literature review was conducted to examine the association of energy and/or protein provision on changes in skeletal muscle mass in critically ill patients. Key databases were searched up until March 2016 to identify studies that measured skeletal muscle mass and/or total body protein (TBP) at 2 or more time points during acute critical illness (up to 2 weeks after an intensive care unit [ICU] stay)...
March 30, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603269/nutrition-delivery-during-pediatric-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-therapy
#12
Lindsey B Armstrong, Katelyn Ariagno, Craig D Smallwood, Charles Hong, Mary Arbuthnot, Nilesh M Mehta
BACKGROUND: Macronutrient delivery during pediatric ECMO therapy can be challenging. We examined predictors of nutrient delivery in the first 2 weeks of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy in the pediatric intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Details of macronutrient delivery were recorded in children (newborn-18 years of age) who survived 24 hours after cannulation to ECMO over a 3-year period (2012-2015). RESULTS: We analyzed data from 54 consecutive eligible patients, 43% female, with median (interquartile range) ECMO duration of 8...
March 30, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603266/source-and-quality-of-enteral-nutrition-influences-oxidative-stress-in-preterm-infants-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Gerhard Fusch, Souvik Mitra, Heinrich Topp, Arnav Agarwal, So Hon Yiu, Josefin Bruhs, Niels Rochow, Anja Lange, Matthias Heckmann, Christoph Fusch
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are at risk of oxidative stress from neonatal intensive care interventions. 8-Oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), generated by oxygen radical attack on DNA, is a potential marker of oxidative stress. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of quality and source of enteral nutrition (EN) on renal excretion of 8-oxodG in preterm infants. METHODS: Spontaneous urine samples were collected on postnatal days 26-31 in 33 preterm infants...
March 30, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581561/nutritional-risk-assessment-at-admission-can-predict-subsequent-muscle-loss-in-critically-ill-patients
#14
Amartya Mukhopadhyay, Bee Choo Tai, Deepa Remani, Jeya Henry, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Zudin Amika Puthucheary
Muscle loss in critically ill patients may be related to nutrition. We study the association between modified NUTrition RIsk in the Critically ill (mNUTRIC) score obtained at admission to intensive care unit (ICU) and subsequent muscle loss. We measured rectus femoris cross-sectional area (RFCSA) by ultrasound on days 1, 3, 7, and 10 of ICU admission. We used linear mixed effects model following natural logarithmic transformation of the data. Forty-eight patients (median (IQR) age 66 (55-72.5) years, 71% male, APACHE II score 31 (25-34), BMI 24...
March 26, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581125/prevalence-and-predictors-of-cholesterol-screening-awareness-and-statin-treatment-among-us-adults-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia-or-other-forms-of-severe-dyslipidemia-1999-2014
#15
Emily M Bucholz, Angie Mae Rodday, Katherine Kolor, Muin J Khoury, Sarah D de Ferranti
Background -Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) and other extreme elevations in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol significantly increase the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease; however, recent data suggest that prescription rates for statins remain low in these patients. National rates of screening, awareness, and treatment with statins among individuals with FH or severe dyslipidemia are unknown. Methods -Data from the 1999 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to estimate prevalence rates of self-reported screening, awareness, and statin therapy among US adults (n=42 471 weighted to represent 212 million US adults) with FH (defined using the Dutch Lipid Clinic criteria) and with severe dyslipidemia (defined as lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol levels ≥190 mg/dL)...
March 26, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576366/low-caloric-and-protein-intake-is-associated-with-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#16
M N B Bufarah, N A Costa, M P R P Losilla, N S C Reis, M Z C Silva, A L Balbi, D Ponce
BACKGROUND: Acute renal injury (AKI) interferes greatly with nutritional status, affecting the metabolism of all macronutrients and increased mortality rates in hospitalized patients. Our objective was to evaluate the association of nutritional parameters (albumin, cholesterol, caloric and protein intake and nitrogen balance (NB)) with mortality in patients with AKI. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study that evaluated 595 consecutive patients over the age of 18 years with AKI, requiring enteral or parenteral feeding...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576361/can-energy-intake-alter-clinical-and-hospital-outcomes-in-picu
#17
Bodil M K Larsen, Megan R Beggs, Amanda Y Leong, Sung Hyun Kang, Rabin Persad, Gonzalo Garcia Guerra
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Energy is essential for the treatment and recovery of children admitted to Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICU). There are significant immediate and long-term health consequences of both under- and over-feeding in this population. Energy requirements of critically ill children vary depending on age, nutritional status, sepsis, fever, pharmacotherapy, and duration and stage of critical illness. This study aimed to determine the incidence of over- and under-feeding and to compare hospital outcomes between these feeding categories...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576357/longitudinal-changes-in-phase-angle-by-bioimpedance-in-intensive-care-patients-differ-between-survivors-and-non-survivors
#18
L H Ellegård, P Petersen, L Öhrn, I Bosaeus
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intensive care (ICU) patients suffer from metabolic stress, creating a catabolic state which might disturb nutritional status and body composition. Alterations in body fluid compartments by disease or massive volume resuscitation could invalidate bioimpedance hydrometry. Still bioimpedance might give other information. METHODS: 52 ICU patients (35 male, 17 female, mean age 66 years), BMI 29,2 were assessed by bioimpedance spectroscopy. Phase angle (PhA) at 50 kHz was assessed...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576356/thickness-of-the-adductor-pollicis-muscle-accuracy-in-predicting-malnutrition-and-length-of-intensive-care-unit-stay-in-critically-ill-surgical-patients-thickness-of-the-adductor-pollicis-muscle-in-surgical-critically-patients
#19
Thainá Gattermann Pereira, Jaqueline da Silva Fink, Flávia Moraes Silva
BACKGROUNDS & AIMS: new techniques for assessment of nutritional status of critically ill and surgical patients have been investigated to overcome inherent limitations of conventional method. The current study aimed to evaluate the ability of thickness of the adductor pollicis muscle (TAPM) in detecting malnutrition and predicting morbidity and mortality in critically ill surgical patients. METHODS: cohort study of adult patients, assessed within the 48 h of admission to the surgical intensive care unit (ICU) of a public hospital...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576355/nutrition-therapy-for-critically-ill-patients-across-the-asia-pacific-and-middle-east-regions-a-consensus-statement
#20
Marianna S Sioson, Robert Martindale, Anuja Abayadeera, Nabil Abouchaleh, Dita Aditianingsih, Rungsun Bhurayanontachai, Wei-Chin Chiou, Naoki Higashibeppu, Mohd Basri Mat Nor, Emma Osland, Jose Emmanuel Palo, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, Medhat Shalabi, Luu Ngan Tam, Jonathan Jit Ern Tan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Guidance on managing the nutritional requirements of critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) has been issued by several international bodies. While these guidelines are consulted in ICUs across the Asia-Pacific and Middle East regions, there is little guidance available that is tailored to the unique healthcare environments and demographics across these regions. Furthermore, the lack of consistent data from randomized controlled clinical trials, reliance on expert consensus, and differing recommendations in international guidelines necessitate further expert guidance on regional best practice when providing nutrition therapy for critically ill patients in ICUs in Asia-Pacific and the Middle East...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
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