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bladder incontinence

Cheng-Yu Long, Chiu-Lin Wang, Chin-Ru Ker, Yung-Shun Juan, Eing-Mei Tsai, Kun-Ling Lin
To assess whether our novel uterus-sparing procedure- laparoscopic organopexy with non-mesh genital(LONG) suspension is an effective, safe, and timesaving surgery for the treatment of apical prolapse. Forty consecutive women with main uterine prolapse stage II or greater defined by the POP quantification(POP-Q) staging system were referred for LONG procedures at our hospitals. Clinical evaluations before and 6 months after surgery included pelvic examination, urodynamic study, and a personal interview to evaluate urinary and sexual symptoms with overactive bladder symptom score(OABSS), the short forms of Urogenital Distress Inventory(UDI-6) and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire(IIQ-7), and the Female Sexual Function Index(FSFI)...
March 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hsiao-Ling Chen, Tun-Chieh Chen, Hsiu-Mei Chang, Yung-Shun Juan, Wei-Hsuan Huang, Hung-Fang Pan, Yong-Chieh Chang, Chiou-Mei Wu, Ya-Ling Wang, Hsiang Ying Lee
PURPOSE: Mirabegron, a β3-adrenoceptor agonist, was approved for overactive bladder (OAB), but worsened hypertension was a potential risk based on its mechanism of action. Besides, head to head comparisons were limited between mirabegron and antimuscarinic agents, the prior first-line pharmacotherapy of OAB. In this regard, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare their efficacy as well as safety, especially in blood pressure changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature search was conducted in PubMed, Medline and seven randomized clinical trial (RCT) register databases of WHO, EU, USA, Taiwan, China, Japan and Cochrane...
March 19, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Mahir Maruf, Matthew Kasprenski, John Jayman, Seth D Goldstein, Karl Benz, Timothy Baumgartner, John P Gearhart
INTRODUCTION: Cloacal exstrophy (CE) is a severe midline congenital abnormality that requires numerous surgical corrections to achieve an acceptable quality of life. Candidates for urinary continence undergo multiple procedures, most often continent bladder diversions, to become socially dry. Here, the authors investigate the number of genitourinary interventions that patients with CE undergo to attain urinary continence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of 1311 exstrophy epispadias complex patients was performed...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Amy Tinetti, Nicole Weir, Usanee Tangyotkajohn, Angela Jacques, Judith Thompson, Kathy Briffa
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to identify drivers of and barriers to help-seeking behaviour of older women with pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) living independently in Australia . METHODS: Women aged ≥55 years were recruited to this cross-sectional study during July and August 2016. Bladder, bowel, pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and sexual dysfunction were assessed with the Australian Pelvic Floor Questionnaire (APFQ). Drivers and barriers were based on the Barriers to Incontinence Care Seeking Questionnaire...
March 19, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Toscane C Noordhoff, Jan Groen, Jeroen R Scheepe, Bertil F M Blok
CONTEXT: Surgical treatment of anatomic bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) may be indicated in males with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. A bothersome complication after surgery is urinary incontinence. OBJECTIVE: To identify the optimal practice in the surgical treatment of anatomic BOO in males with neurogenic bladder dysfunction, due to multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, spinal cord injury (SCI), spina bifida, or cerebrovascular accident (CVA). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement...
March 15, 2018: European Urology Focus
Vatché A Minassian, Xiaowei Yan, Anna L Pilzek, Raisa Platte, Walter F Stewart
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Mixed urinary incontinence (UI) is, on average, more severe than urgency UI or stress UI. We tested the hypothesis that mixed UI is a more advanced stage of UI by comparing transition probabilities among women with stress, urgency, and mixed UI. METHODS: We used data from the General Longitudinal Overactive Bladder Evaluation Study-UI, which included community-dwelling women, aged 40+ years, with UI at baseline. Study participants completed two or more consecutive bladder health surveys every 6 months for up to 4 years...
March 13, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Laura N Nguyen, Jamie Bartley, Kim A Killinger, Priyanka Gupta, John Lavin, Ayad Khourdaji, Jason Gilleran, Natalie Gaines, Judith A Boura, Kenneth M Peters
AIMS: To evaluate whether baseline symptoms and outcomes are influenced by gender in a matched cohort undergoing neuromodulation. METHODS: Patients in our prospective neuromodulation database that had a tined lead placed were reviewed. Those that had implantable pulse generator (IPG) placed were matched on age and urologic diagnosis. History, voiding diaries, satisfaction, Interstitial Cystitis Symptom/Problem Index (ICSIPI), and overactive bladder symptom severity (OABq ss)/health-related quality of life (HRQOL) preimplant and over 3 years were evaluated using descriptive statistics, repeated measures, and matched pair GEE or mixed analyses...
March 13, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
Catherine S Forster, Elizabeth Jackson, Qing Ma, Michael Bennett, Samir S Shah, Stuart L Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing between urinary tract infection (UTI) and colonization (UTC) in patients with neurogenic bladders who require clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) is difficult. Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin concentrations (uNGAL) are increased in UTIs. Our objective was to determine the predictive accuracy of uNGAL for UTI in CIC-dependent children. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of CIC-dependent patients from August, 2015 to November, 2016...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Etienne W Henn, Hennie S Cronje
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: A rectocele is the bulging of the anterior rectal wall into the posterior vaginal compartment. The route of surgical repair can be transvaginal, transrectal or abdominal. The aim of this retrospective study is to describe a novel transvaginal surgical procedure and investigate the associated subjective and objective clinical outcomes. METHODS: Database records were retrieved for all women who underwent a rectocele plication for the period from January 2010 until December 2015 in a referral urogynecology unit with a minimum follow-up period of 12 months...
March 12, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Jeongok Park, Young Joo Lee, Kyunghwa Lee, SoMi Park
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common health problem in older women. The aim of the study was to investigate coffee consumption, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and associated factors of OAB in older Korean women living in rural South Korea. A total of 248 women aged 65 years and older participated in this study. Chi-square tests, t-tests, and multivariable logistic regressions were performed. The means of coffee consumption between OAB and non-OAB groups were not significantly different. Women with OAB showed significantly lower HRQOL than women with stress urinary incontinence only...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Juliette Hascoet, Benoit Peyronnet, Véronique Forin, Maximilien Baron, Grégoire Capon, Thomas Prudhomme, Clément Allenet, Simon Tournier, Charlotte Maurin, Jean-Nicolas Cornu, Ourdia Bouali, Matthieu Peycelon, Alexis Arnaud, Mariette Renaux-Petel, Agnès Liard, Gilles Karsenty, Andrea Manunta, Xavier Game
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of Intradetrusor injections of botulinum toxin type A (IDBTX-A) in children with spina bifida. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients aged under 16 year-old who underwent IDBTX-A between 2002 and 2016 at six institutions were included in a retrospective study. Our primary endpoint was the success rate of IDBTX-A defined as both clinical improvement (no incontinence episodes between clean-intermittent catheterization (CIC), absence of urgency, less than 8 CIC per day)) and urodynamic improvement (resolution of derusor overactivity, normal bladder compliance for age) lasting ≥ 12 weeks...
March 6, 2018: Urology
Ghazwan Abdulla Hasan, Saif Mohammed Kani, Ahmed Alqatub
INTRODUCTION: Spinal Epidural abscess (SEA) is an uncommon pathology that needs an urgent intervention to decompress the pressure on the spinal epidural sac, cord, and roots. The authors report a rare case of a young adult with lumbar spinal epidural tuberculous abscess occupying the spinal canal from L2-L5 vertebrae with extesion to the posterior paraspinal muscles and presenting with bilateral progressive lower limb weakness.   Case report: A 42 years old male teacher presented with a 15-day history of progressive difficulty to walking and bilateral lower limb weakness associated with fever, malaise and later on urinary incontinence...
2018: SICOT-J
Zhen Ni Zhou, Chelsea Canon, Cathleen Matrai, Eloise Chapman-Davis
The patient is a 42-year-old woman with metastatic primary peritoneal carcinoma and known brain metastases, who subsequently developed cauda equina syndrome after presenting with ataxia, lower extremity weakness, and bowel and bladder incontinence secondary to leptomeningeal metastasis after treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgical debulking, and adjuvant chemotherapy. Metastases to the central nervous system (CNS) and leptomeninges are rare events in epithelial ovarian and primary peritoneal carcinomas as these tumours do not have a predilection for the CNS...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Edyta Wlaźlak, Tomasz Kluz, Grzegorz Surkont, Jacek Kociszewski
OBJECTIVES: There are different diagnostic methods used in women with urinary incontinence symptoms such as: medical history, voiding diary, cough test, pad test, urodynamic testing. None of them is optimal. The aim of this study is to analyze the correlation between urethral funneling visualized during pelvic floor sonography and symptoms of stress urinary incontinence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have performed a retrospective analysis of 657 complete datasets of patients who attended our urogynecological clinic for diagnostics...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
Alex Tsui, Diana Kuh, Linda Cardozo, Daniel Davis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) at age 68 years and the contribution of vascular risk factors to male and female UUI pathogenesis in addition to the associations with raised body mass index (BMI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In all, 1 762 participants from the Medical Research Council (MRC) National Survey for Health and Development birth cohort who answered the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire short form (ICIQ-SF), at age 68 years, were included...
March 7, 2018: BJU International
Camila C Araujo, Suelene S A Coelho, Natalia Martinho, Mariana Tanaka, Rodrigos M Jales, Cassia R T Juliato
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We used clinical examination and transperineal 3D/4D ultrasound (US) to evaluate pelvic floor muscles (PFM) after different delivery modes. METHODS: Women were surveyed using validated questionnaires. PFM were evaluated and classified according to the Modified Oxford Scale following 3D/4D transperineal US. For statistical analysis, Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney, chi-square, and Fisher exact tests were used. RESULTS: Fifty-three women were evaluated: 32 with previous vaginal delivery (VD) and 21 with cesarean section (CS) (8 nonelective and 13 elective)...
March 6, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Brittani Jones, Allyson C Berent, Chick W Weisse, Robert Hart, Leilani Alvarez, Anthony Fischetti, B David Horn, Douglas Canning
CASE DESCRIPTION A 14-week-old 7.7-kg (16.9-lb) sexually intact female Golden Retriever was evaluated because of urine dripping from the caudoventral aspect of the abdomen. CLINICAL FINDINGS Ultrasonography, radiography, excretory CT urography, and vaginocystourethroscopy were performed. Results indicated eversion of the bladder through the ventral abdominal wall with exposure of the ureterovesicular junctions, pubic diastasis, and an open vulva and clitoral fossa. Clinical findings were suggestive of bladder exstrophy, a rare congenital anomaly...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Ranjana Jairam, Jamie Drossaerts, Desiree Vrijens, Carsten Leue, Philip van Kerrebroeck, Gommert van Koeveringe
AIMS: Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is an effective treatment for patients with overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) or non-obstructive urinary retention (NOR). These lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are the result of a functional urological cause but often coincide with psychological and/or psychiatric factors. It has been stated that there is an association between LUTS, depression and anxiety disorders. With this study we will investigate whether affective symptoms and quality of life (QoL) improve after successful SNM...
March 5, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Nelly Reynaud, Frédérique Courtois, Pierre Mouriquand, Nicolas Morel-Journel, Kathleen Charvier, Marina Gérard, Alain Ruffion, Jean-Etienne Terrier
BACKGROUND: The bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex is a rare congenital malformation associated with severe dysfunction of the genital and urinary tracts and requiring a staged surgical reconstruction. AIM: The primary aims of this study were to report the sexuality, infertility, and urinary incontinence outcomes in a cohort of men born with bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex. The secondary aim was to highlight some predictive factors of infertility in this population...
March 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Fu-Yu Lin, Yi-Chien Yang, Cheng-Li Lin, Lukas Jyuhn-Hsiarn Lee
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by typical motor impairment. However, lower urinary tract symptoms, including urinary urgency or frequency, which are non-motor phenomena, occur frequently among patients with IPD. In this study, we assess the risk of overactive bladder (OAB) in patients with IPD. METHODS: The National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan was used to identify patients with IPD (IPD cohort) and four-fold controls (non-IPD cohort) from 2000 to 2010...
2018: PloS One
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