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bladder incontinence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319023/isolated-bilateral-simplex-ureteric-ectopia-bladder-capacity-as-an-indicator-of-continence-outcome
#1
Vasilis Stavrinides, Paul Charlesworth, Dan Wood, Divyesh Desai, Abraham Cherian, Imran Mushtaq, Peter Cuckow, Naima Smeulders
INTRODUCTION: Isolated bilateral simplex ectopic ureters (BSEUs) are rare but pose a therapeutic challenge: ureteric reimplantation alone does not accomplish continence in all. Identifying the patients needing additional procedures for continence early could prevent multiple operations. OBJECTIVE: Potential preoperative indicators for postoperative continence are explored in eight BSEU girls without cloacal, anorectal, or spinal anomalies. STUDY DESIGN: With institutional approval, all patients with BSEU between 1985 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306603/current-treatment-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-correlated-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction
#2
Bernhard Liedl, Klaus Goeschen, Leopold Durner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to critically analyze the relationship between symptoms of abnormal emptying of the bladder, urgency, pelvic pain, anorectal dysfunction and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to present evidence in order to show how many of the above mentioned symptoms can be cured or substantially improved by repair of specific pelvic ligaments. RECENT FINDINGS: In this review, we provide evidence to show how often these dysfunctions occur and how they can be cured in 42-94% by appropriate pelvic floor surgery in the longer term, up to 2 years...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303850/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-de-novo-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-pelvic-floor-reconstruction-a-nested-case-control-study
#3
Shi-Yan Wang, Ting-Ting Cao, Run-Zhi Wang, Xin Yang, Xiu-Li Sun, Jian-Liu Wang
BACKGROUND: Some patients with pelvic organ prolapse may suffer from lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), especially stress urinary incontinence (SUI) named de novo SUI after pelvic floor reconstruction. This study aimed to investigate the incidence and risk factors of de novo SUI. METHODS: This is a nested case-control study of 533 patients who underwent pelvic floor reconstruction due to pelvic organ prolapse (POP) at the Department of Gynecology in Peking University People's Hospital from January 2011 to March 2013...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299781/architectural-differences-in-the-anterior-and-middle-compartments-of-the-pelvic-floor-of-young-adult-and-postmenopausal-females
#4
Yi Wu, Noshir F Dabhoiwala, Jaco Hagoort, Li-Wen Tan, Shao-Xiang Zhang, Wouter H Lamers
The pelvic floor guards the passage of the pelvic organs to the exterior. The near-epidemic prevalence of incontinence in women continues to generate interest in the functional anatomy of the pelvic floor. However, due to its complex architecture and poor accessibility, the classical 'dissectional' approach has been unable to come up with a satisfactory description, so that many aspects of its anatomy continue to raise debate. For this reason, we opted for a 'sectional' approach, using the Chinese Visible Human project (four females, 21-35 years) and the Visible Human Project (USA; one female, 59 years) datasets to investigate age-related changes in the architecture of the anterior and middle compartments of the pelvic floor...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298357/how-important-is-the-%C3%AE-1-adrenoceptor-in-primate-and-rodent-proximal-urethra-sex-differences-in-the-contribution-of-%C3%AE-1-adrenoceptor-to-urethral-contractility
#5
Eduardo C Alexandre, Mariana G de Oliveira, Rafael Campos, Luiz Ricardo A Kiguti, Fabiano B Calmasini, Fábio H Silva, Andrew D Grant, Naoki Yoshimura, Edson Antunes
Urethral smooth muscle (USM) contributes to urinary continence by contracting during the urine storage phase, which is mainly mediated by activation of post-junctional α1-adrenoceptors. Males and females show differences in the functioning of the lower urinary tract and the most common urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). LUTS in men typically occur in association with bladder outlet obstruction, whereas in women urinary urge-incontinence symptoms are more common. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate sex differences in α1-adrenoceptor subtype expression and their importance in proximal urethra contraction in mouse (C57BL6/J) and marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292756/trajectories-of-urinary-incontinence-in-childhood-and-bladder-and-bowel-symptoms-in-adolescence-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Jon Heron, Mariusz T Grzeda, Alexander von Gontard, Anne Wright, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To identify different patterns (trajectories) of childhood urinary incontinence and examine which patterns are associated with bladder and bowel symptoms in adolescence. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: The starting sample included 8751 children (4507 men and 4244 women) with parent-reported data on frequency of bedwetting and daytime wetting for at least three of five time points (4½, 5½, 6½, 7½ and 9½ years-hereafter referred to as 4-9 years)...
March 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283710/clinical-and-urodynamic-assessment-in-patients-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-before-and-after-laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy
#7
Bahiyah Abdullah, Jimmy Nomura, Shingo Moriyama, Tingwen Huang, Shino Tokiwa, Mio Togo
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that patient-reported urinary symptoms and urodynamic evaluation improve after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) despite deeper vesicovaginal space dissection. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of women with pelvic organ prolapse who underwent LSC from January 2013 to January 2016 in a tertiary center. Urinary function was clinically evaluated using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form (ICIQ-SF), the Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) and the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory Questionnaire- - Short Form 20 (PFDI-20)...
March 10, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282306/ce-overactive-bladder-in-women
#8
Mary H Palmer, Marcella G Willis-Gray
An evidence-based review of screening, assessment, and management. ABSTRACT: Overactive bladder is a term used to describe a group of lower urinary tract symptoms that are prevalent in women, particularly as they age. Those with overactive bladder often experience related physical and psychological symptoms or conditions and report a poorer quality of life than other women. Many factors that increase the risk of developing overactive bladder are modifiable; therefore, lifestyle and behavioral interventions are first-line treatments...
March 9, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277470/patient-reported-impact-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-on-continence-and-sexual-function-in-women-with-exstrophy-epispadias-complex
#9
Ross G Everett, Kathy M Lue, Sunil S Reddy, Daniel A Friedlander, Cameron E Alexander, Ezekiel E Young, Mahmoud Abdelwahab, Nilay M Gandhi, Edward J Wright, John P Gearhart
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize long-term urogynecologic issues of women with a history of bladder exstrophy and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to assess the impact of POP repair on continence and sexual function. DESIGN: Patient demographics and surgical history related to exstrophy and POP were collected through chart review. Patient perceptions regarding sexual function, urinary continence, and quality of life were assessed through Web-based administration of validated questionnaires: International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form and POP-Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire...
March 9, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276096/central-control-of-micturition-in-women-brain-bladder-pathways-in-continence-and-urgency-urinary-incontinence
#10
REVIEW
Nisha G Arya, Steven J Weissbart
Urinary incontinence disproportionately affects women. Anatomical textbooks typically describe continence mechanisms in women in the context of the pelvic floor support of the urinary bladder and the urethral sphincters. However, the urinary bladder and urethral sphincters are under the central control of the brain through a complex network of neurons that allow storage of urine followed by voiding when socially appropriate. Recent studies suggest that the most common type of urinary incontinence in women, urgency urinary incontinence, involves significant dysfunction of the central control of micturition...
April 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275021/m%C3%A3-llerianosis-of-the-urinary-bladder-a-rare-and-problematic-bladder-tumour
#11
Amit Patel, Pranali Desai, Frances Malczewski, Daryl Stephens
Müllerianosis of the bladder is an extremely rare and highly symptomatic bladder tumour comprising of at least two types of Müllerian derived tissues. We present the case of a 59-year-old woman presenting with painful macroscopic haematuria associated with urgency, frequency and incontinence. She is a nulliparous postmenopausal woman without malignancy risk factors or previous abdominal surgery. Initially identified on ultrasound scan, she was taken for transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT). Histology confirms the diagnosis...
March 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270954/the-attitudes-of-urologists-and-gynecologists-about-overactive-bladder-and-treatment-of-it-in-turkey-a-questionnaire-survey
#12
Burhan Coşkun, Ömer Bayrak, Murat Dinçer, Kadir Önem, Cenk Gürbüz, Rahmi Onur
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to review the approaches of urologist and gynecologist in the management of overactive bladder (OAB). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire consisting of 12 items were answered by 375 urologist and 46 gynecologist. The differences between frequency of encountering OAB, their viewpoints concerning conservative treatment, and their experience related to anticholinergic drug use and the management of refractory OAB were compared. RESULTS: The majority of the urologists, and gynecologists responded to the question "How often do you encounter OAB patients in your daily practice?" as 'in 10-25, and 50% of our patients', respectively (<0...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269570/real-time-autonomous-bladder-event-classification-and-closed-loop-control-from-single-channel-pressure-data
#13
Robert Karam, Swarup Bhunia, Steve Majerus, Steven W Brose, Margot S Damaser, Dennis Bourbeau
Urinary incontinence, or the loss of bladder control, is a debilitating condition affecting millions worldwide, which significantly reduces quality of life. Neuromodulation of lower urinary tract nerves can be used to treat sensations of urgency in many subjects, including those with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). Event driven, or conditional stimulation has been investigated as a possible improvement to the state-of-the-art open-loop stimulation systems available today. However, this requires a robust, adaptive, and noise-tolerant method of classifying bladder function from real-time bladder pressure measurements...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268971/electrical-stimulation-of-the-saphenous-nerve-in-anesthetized-rats-a-novel-therapeutic-approach-to-treating-overactive-bladder
#14
Zainab Moazzam, Paul B Yoo
Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation (PTNS) is a minimally invasive yet effective therapy for treating overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms with electrical stimulations applied at 20 Hz coupled with amplitudes approximating the foot-twitch threshold (T). However, pre-clinical studies indicate that PTNS-evoked bladder reflexes require stimulation amplitudes exceeding 2T. The objective of this work was to evaluate the presence of secondary low-threshold sensory pathways in the hind-limb region that can be a potential target of activation during clinical PTNS set-up...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267602/management-of-urinary-incontinence-following-sub-urethral-sling-removal
#15
Nirmish Singla, Himanshu Aggarwal, Jeannine Foster, Feras Alhalabi, Gary E Lemack, Philippe E Zimmern
PURPOSE: To evaluate urinary incontinence outcomes following synthetic sub-urethral sling removal (SSR) in women. METHODS: We reviewed a prospectively-maintained database of 360 consecutive women who underwent transvaginal SSR from 2005-2015. We excluded patients with neurogenic bladder, non-synthetic or multiple slings, prior mesh for prolapse, concomitant surgery during sling excision, urethral erosion or fistula, post-operative retention, or <6 months follow-up...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267055/overactive-bladder-syndrome-and-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-after-prostate-cancer-treatment
#16
Suzanne Biers, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Nikesh Thiruchelvam
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the contemporary literature on the prevalence, cause and management of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and bladder overactivity following treatment of prostate cancer with radical surgery, radiotherapy and minimally invasive therapies for localized prostate cancer, including cryotherapy and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). RECENT FINDINGS: Generally, the highest risk of urinary incontinence is after open radical prostatectomy (7-40%), although not all contemporary studies demonstrate a difference between open and laparoscopic techniques...
March 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266818/update-on-complications-of-synthetic-suburethral-slings
#17
Cristiano Mendes Gomes, Fabrício Leite Carvalho, Carlos Henrique Suzuki Bellucci, Thiago Souto Hemerly, Fábio Baracat, Jose de Bessa, Miguel Srougi, Homero Bruschini
Synthetic suburethral slings have become the most widely used technique for the surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence. Despite its high success rates, significant complications have been reported including bleeding, urethral or bladder injury, urethral or bladder mesh erosion, intestinal perforation, vaginal extrusion of mesh, urinary tract infection, pain, urinary urgency and bladder outlet obstruction. Recent warnings from important regulatory agencies worldwide concerning safety issues of the use of mesh for urogynecological reconstruction have had a strong impact on patients as well as surgeons and manufacturers...
March 7, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265325/overactive-bladder-in-children
#18
REVIEW
Sophie Ramsay, Stéphane Bolduc
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a highly prevalent disorder in the pediatric population. This condition is especially troublesome for pediatric patients and their families when associated with incontinence, since it negatively affects self-esteem and impairs children's development. From the patient's perspective, urgency and urge incontinence can have a significant impact, negatively affecting their quality of life. For a therapy to have true benefit, changes must not only be statistically significant, but must also be perceived as meaningful by the patient...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265323/bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-in-children-an-update-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-a-common-but-underdiagnosed-pediatric-problem
#19
REVIEW
Joana Dos Santos, Roberto I Lopes, Martin A Koyle
Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) describes a spectrum of lower urinary symptoms (LUTS) accompanied by fecal elimination issues that manifest primarily by constipation and/or encopresis. This increasingly common entity is a potential cause of significant physical and psychosocial burden for children and families. BBD is commonly associated with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), which at its extreme may lead to renal scarring and kidney failure. Additionally, BBD is frequently seen in children diagnosed with behavioural and neuropsychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265107/use-of-sacral-nerve-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-overlapping-constipation-and-fecal-incontinence
#20
Gouri Sreepati, Toyia James-Stevenson
BACKGROUND Fecal incontinence and constipation are common gastrointestinal complaints, but rarely occur concurrently. Management of these seemingly paradoxical processes is challenging, as treatment of one symptom may exacerbate the other. CASE REPORT A 51-year-old female with lifelong neurogenic bladder secondary to spina bifida occulta presented with progressive symptoms of daily urge fecal incontinence as well as hard bowel movements associated with straining and a sensation of incomplete evacuation requiring manual disimpaction...
March 7, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
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