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Therapeutic colonoscopy

Francesc Casellas, Claudia Herrera-de Guise, Virginia Robles, Ester Navarro, Natalia Borruel
BACKGROUND: There is currently little evidence about what treatment objectives most interest patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). AIMS: To determine patient preferences regarding IBD treatment objectives, specially the attributes they value most and the symptoms to be controlled as a priority. METHODS: Prospective, observational, anonymous study conducted in 117 outpatients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. RESULTS: The most important treatment objectives from the patients' perspective were: improving quality of life (40...
September 21, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
Edyta Szymanska, Maciej Dadalski, Sylwia Szymanska, Wieslawa Grajkowska, Maciej Pronicki, Jaroslaw Kierkus
INTRODUCTION: The clinical efficacy of infliximab (IFX) for induction of remission in both adults and children with active Crohn's disease (CD) has been well documented. Recently, so-called "deep remission" defined as mucosal healing has become the ultimate endpoint of the most recent therapeutic advances for CD. However, endoscopic evidence of mucosal healing is not necessarily associated with histological evidence of suppression of inflammation. AIM: Since data on that issue are limited, especially in the paediatric population, the aim of this study was to assess the impact of induction therapy with IFX on deep microscopic remission in paediatric patients with CD...
2016: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
Furkan U Ertem, Wenqian Zhang, Kyle Chang, Wan Mohaiza Dashwood, Praveen Rajendran, Deqiang Sun, Ala Abudayyeh, Eduardo Vilar, Maen Abdelrahim, Roderick H Dashwood
Intervention strategies in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients and other high-risk colorectal cancer (CRC) populations have highlighted a critical need for endoscopy combined with safe and effective preventive agents. We performed transcriptome profiling of colorectal adenomas from FAP patients and the polyposis in rat colon (Pirc) preclinical model, and prioritized molecular targets for prevention studies in vivo. At clinically relevant doses in the Pirc model, the drug Clotam (tolfenamic acid, TA) was highly effective at suppressing tumorigenesis both in the colon and in the small intestine, when administered alone or in combination with Sulindac...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Wei-Cheng Tseng, Chun-Chang Yeh, Shu-Wen Jao, Zhi-Fu Wu, Shinn-Long Lin
Colonoscopy is widely performed for the diagnosis and treatment of various colonic disorders and the screening and surveillance of colorectal neoplasia. According to research evidence, up to one-third of patients had at least 1 minor and transient gastrointestinal symptom after colonoscopy. Although severe complications developed uncommonly, they are potentially serious and life threatening. Here, we present the case of a 95-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who developed bilateral tension pneumothorax during therapeutic colonoscopy for sigmoid volvulus...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Monica Ortenzi, Roberto Ghiselli, Maria Michela Cappelletti Trombettoni, Luca Cardinali, Mario Guerrieri
AIM: To analyze the outcomes of transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) in the treatment of rare rectal condition like mesenchymal tumors, condylomas, endometriosis and melanoma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a twenty-three years database. Fifty-two patients were enrolled in this study. The lesions were considered suitable for TEM if they were within 20 cm from the anus. All of them underwent an accurate preoperative workup consisting in clinical examination, total colonoscopy with biopsies, endoscopic ultrasonography, and pelvic computerized tomography or pelvic magnetic resonance imaging...
September 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Mike Thomson, Andrea Tringali, Rosario Landi, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Marta Tavares, Jorge Amil-Dias, Marc Benninga, Merit M Tabbers, Raoul Furlano, Manon Spaander, Cesare Hassan, Christos Tzvinikos, Hanneke Ijsselstijn, Jérôme Viala, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Rok Orel, Yvan Vandenplas, Radan Keil, Štěpán Hlava, Claudio Romano, Eva Brownstone, Patrick Gerner, Werner Dolak, Wolf Dietrich Huber, Simon Everett, Andreas Vecsei, Lars Aabakken, Alessandro Zambelli
This Guideline refers to infants, children and adolescents aged 0-18 years. The areas covered include: indications for diagnostic and therapeutic esophagogastroduodenoscopy and ileo-colonoscopy; endoscopy for foreign body ingestion; corrosive ingestion and stricture/stenosis endoscopic management; upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding; endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography and endoscopic ultrasonography. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and endoscopy specific to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been dealt with in other Guidelines [1-3] and are therefore not mentioned in this Guideline...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Angelo Campanini, Umberto De Conto, Francesco Cavasin, Fernanda Bastiani, Antonio Camarotto, Luigi Gardini, Alessandra Geremia, Cristina Marastoni, Carlo Missorini, Elena Quarantelli, Umberto Sassi, Francesco Scarabello, Nadia Dal Bo, Matteo Riccò, Simone Grillo, Stefano Landi, Francesco Di Mario
INTRODUCTION: In routine colonoscopy, diverticulosis is the most commonly found feature, but only a minority of these cases show symptoms of diverticular disease.From June 2014 to December 2014, we enrolled prospectively 178 patients affected by symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (Male/Female=0.47, mean age 71.7±11.5 y, range 41 to 95 y) from 15 General Pratictioners patient files. All patients were symptomatic; in all cases, diagnosis was been confirmed by a colonoscopy performed at least 1 year before...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Giuseppe Grande, Claudio Zulli, Flavia Pigò, Maria E Riccioni, Francesco Di Mario, Rita L Conigliaro
Colonic diverticula are one of the most frequent conditions found during the endoscopic examination of the lower digestive tract, interestingly in >70% of people after 80 years old. Of them, only a few percentage develop complications such as acute diverticulitis or diverticular bleeding. Up to now, colonoscopy represents the most important diagnostic and therapeutic tool on the hands of the clinicians. On the basis of this the need for a standardized and reproducible approach is now emerging. This short review article is tasked to point out some open issues concerning the role of colonoscopy in diverticular disease...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Sabela Carballal, Sandra Maisterra, Antonio López-Serrano, Antonio Z Gimeno-García, María Isabel Vera, José Carlos Marín-Garbriel, José Díaz-Tasende, Lucía Márquez, Marco Antonio Álvarez, Luis Hernández, Luisa De Castro, Jordi Gordillo, Ignasi Puig, Pablo Vega, Marco Bustamante-Balén, Juan Acevedo, Beatriz Peñas, María López-Cerón, Elena Ricart, Miriam Cuatrecasas, Mireya Jimeno, María Pellisé
OBJECTIVE: Outside clinical trials, the effectiveness of chromoendoscopy (CE) for long-standing IBD surveillance is controversial. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of CE for neoplasia detection and characterisation, in real-life. DESIGN: From June 2012 to 2014, patients with IBD were prospectively included in a multicentre cohort study. Each colonic segment was evaluated with white light followed by 0.4% indigo carmine CE. Specific lesions' features were recorded...
September 9, 2016: Gut
Rintaro Hashimoto, Masato Nakahori, Tomoki Matsuda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Sindhu R Kaitha, George Salem, Yan D Zhao, Mohammad F Madhoun, Allshine Chen, William M Tierney
OBJECTIVES: The need to define the cost of endoscopic procedures becomes increasingly important in an era of providing low-cost, high-quality care. We examined the impact of informing endoscopists of the cost of accessories and pathology specimens as a cost-minimization strategy. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational cohort study of therapeutic outpatient esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and colonoscopy. During the pre-intervention phase (phase 1), the endoscopists were not briefed on the cost of accessories or pathology specimens obtained during the procedure...
August 30, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
R Zhou, B A Orkin
Iatrogenic colonic perforations are relatively uncommon but serious complications of diagnostic and therapeutic colonoscopies. Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) is an useful approach to the rectum and may be used for repair of a rectal perforation during colonoscopy. A 56-year-old male had an iatrogenic perforation of the rectum during a routine follow-up colonoscopy repaired by TEM with an uneventful and rapid recovery.
October 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
Manon van der Vlugt, Sascha Corrie van Doorn, Junfeng Wang, Barbara Aj Bastiaansen, Lowewijk Aa Brosens, Paul Fockens, Evelien Dekker
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: As colorectal cancer screening programs are being implemented worldwide, an increasing number of early (T1) cancers are being diagnosed. These cancers should be recognized during colonoscopy because they require a specific therapeutic approach. Several studies have shown that Asian experts can reliably recognize T1 cancers during colonoscopy. In daily practice, however, accurate endoscopic diagnosis of T1 cancers still seems challenging. We evaluated the performance of optical diagnosis of T1 cancers by European colonoscopy experts, general gastroenterologists and gastrointestinal fellows...
July 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Kirbylee K Nelson, Seth Lipka, Ashley H Davis-Yadley, Andrea C Rodriguez, Vignesh Doraiswamy, Roshanak Rabbanifard, Ambuj Kumar, Patrick G Brady
BACKGROUND: The development of balloon assisted enteroscopy (BAE) has revolutionized diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for small-bowel disorders. Although the role of emergent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy for upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding is well defined, there is scarce data with regard to emergent BAE for gastrointestinal bleeding. STUDY: We performed a retrospective cohort study including 110 hospitalized patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding who underwent single balloon enteroscopy (SBE) between January 2010 and August 2013...
July 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Samuel Fernandes, Ana Rita Gonçalves, Luís Araújo Correia
A 73-year-old man was admitted to our clinic with sudden left quadrant abdominal pain and hematochezia. There was no history of trauma. He denied other symptoms or taking off-the-counter medication. His medical history was relevant for ischemic and aortic-mitral valve disease with prosthetic valves for which he was medicated with aspirin and warfarin. On physical examination the patient presented normal vital signs with tenderness on palpation of the left side of the abdomen. Laboratory tests revealed moderate anemia (10...
August 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Adegboyega Akere, Temitope Olufemi Oke, Jesse Abiodun Otegbayo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Colonoscopy is considered the gold standard for diagnosing structural colonic diseases. It is safe and effective both for diagnosis and therapeutic interventions. This study was carried out to evaluate the pattern of indications and spectrum of colonic disease at a tertiary healthcare facility in Southwest Nigeria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All consenting patients who were referred for colonoscopy were recruited into the study. A proforma was used to record information such as biodata of the patients, indications for the procedure, and the findings at colonoscopy...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Myriam Wartski
The existing recommendations for fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) use in digestive cancers (excluding neuroendocrine tumours) are summarized in the present article. FDG-PET/CT is nowadays a routine imaging modality for digestive malignancies and its use is currently increasing. FDG-PET/CT is considered to be a crucial tool in pretherapeutic assessment of esophageal, localized pancreatic and anal cancer. It represents a key exam in suspicion of recurrence of colorectal cancer in case of elevated serum tumor markers...
September 2016: La Presse Médicale
Joshua Tierney, Rebeccah B Baucom, Michael D Holzman, Benjamin K Poulose, Richard A Pierce
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic and therapeutic roles for endoscopic intervention are expanding. To continue emphasis on endoscopy in surgical training, The Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons has developed the Fundamentals of Endoscopic Surgery (FES) course to standardize and assess endoscopy training. However, little demographic information exists about the current practice of endoscopy by general surgeons and how to best integrate endoscopic skills into surgical training...
August 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
A Behrens, C Ell
INTRODUCTION: Administering sedation is an established standard in gastrointestinal endoscopy, particularly in situations in which sedation is used to make the examination more comfortable for the patient (e. g., during preventive check-up examinations). It is important to have precise information about the risk of sedation-associated complications. AIMS AND METHODS: The aim of this study was to record the incidence and type of sedation-associated complications in a low-risk group of patients (ASA 1 or 2) undergoing elective diagnostic esophagogastroduodenoscopy or colonoscopy...
August 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
Mario C Vieira, Isadora Carolina Krueger Negrelle, Karla Ulaf Webber, Marjorie Gosdal, Sabine Krüger Truppel, Solena Ziemer Kusma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pediatrician's knowledge regarding the diagnostic and therapeutic approach of childhood functional constipation. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed with the application of a self-administered questionnaire concerning a hypothetical clinical case of childhood functional constipation with fecal incontinence to physicians (n=297) randomly interviewed at the 36th Brazilian Congress of Pediatrics in 2013. RESULTS: The majority of the participants were females, the mean age was 44...
June 17, 2016: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
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