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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106407/matter-wave-optical-wave-mixing-induced-transparency-and-a-nonhyperbolic-matter-wave-quasisoliton-in-quantum-gases
#1
Yan Li, Chengjie Zhu, W R Garrett, E W Hagley, L Deng
The realization of atomic quantum gases has brought out surprising effects that have no correspondence in nonlinear optics with thermal gases, presenting intriguing and exciting challenges to the research discipline of nonlinear optics which has matured since the invention of the laser. Here, we show an unexpected optical wave-mixing gain cancellation effect in a quantum gas that restricts an, otherwise, strongly enhanced backward-propagating light-matter wave-mixing process. This results in a wave-mixing induced transparency and a nonhyperbolic quasi-matter-wave soliton that opens new research opportunities in hydrodynamic fluid research of degenerate quantum gases, such as phonon scattering in a two-dimensional sonic black hole horizon...
January 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104793/rab23-s-genetic-structure-function-and-related-diseases-a-review
#2
Li-Qiang Zheng, Su-Min Chi, Cheng-Xin Li
Rab23, has been proven to play a role in membrane trafficking and protein transport in eukaryotic cells. Rab23 is also a negative regulator of the Sonic hedgehog signaling pathway in an indirect way. The nonsense mutation and loss of protein of Rab23 has been associated with neural tube defect in mice and aberrant expression in various diseases in human such as neural system,breast, visceral and cutaneous tumor. In addition, Rab23 may play joint  roles in autophagosome formation during anti-infection process against  Group A streptococcus...
January 19, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104474/ultrasound-enhanced-penetration-through-sclera-depends-on-frequency-of-sonication-and-size-of-macromolecules
#3
Ying Chau, Wai Leung Langston Suen, Ho Yan Tse, Hoi Sang Wong
We previously employed ultrasound as a needleless approach to deliver macromolecules via the transscleral route to the back of the eye in live animals (Suen et al., 2013). Here, we investigated the nature of the ultrasound-enhanced transport through sclera, the outermost barrier in the transscleral route. Thus, the possible role of cavitation from ultrasound was explored; its effect during and after sonication on scleral penetration was measured; and the dependence on the size of macromolecules was determined...
January 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101433/use-of-sonic-tomography-to-detect-and-quantify-wood-decay-in-living-trees
#4
Gregory S Gilbert, Javier O Ballesteros, Cesar A Barrios-Rodriguez, Ernesto F Bonadies, Marjorie L Cedeño-Sánchez, Nohely J Fossatti-Caballero, Mariam M Trejos-Rodríguez, José Moises Pérez-Suñiga, Katharine S Holub-Young, Laura A W Henn, Jennifer B Thompson, Cesar G García-López, Amanda C Romo, Daniel C Johnston, Pablo P Barrick, Fulvia A Jordan, Shiran Hershcovich, Natalie Russo, Juan David Sánchez, Juan Pablo Fábrega, Raleigh Lumpkin, Hunter A McWilliams, Kathleen N Chester, Alana C Burgos, E Beatriz Wong, Jonathan H Diab, Sonia A Renteria, Jennifer T Harrower, Douglas A Hooton, Travis C Glenn, Brant C Faircloth, Stephen P Hubbell
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Field methodology and image analysis protocols using acoustic tomography were developed and evaluated as a tool to estimate the amount of internal decay and damage of living trees, with special attention to tropical rainforest trees with irregular trunk shapes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Living trunks of a diversity of tree species in tropical rainforests in the Republic of Panama were scanned using an Argus Electronic PiCUS 3 Sonic Tomograph and evaluated for the amount and patterns of internal decay...
December 2016: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099026/unimer-assisted-exfoliation-for-high-concentrated-aqueous-dispersion-solutions-of-single-and-few-layered-van-der-waals-materials
#5
Changbong Yeon, Inyeal Lee, Gil-Ho Kim, Sun Jin Yun
We suggest unimer-assisted exfoliation method for the exfoliation of Van der Waals two-dimensional (2D) materials such as graphene, MoS2, and h-BN, and show that the micellar size is a critical parameter for enhancing the exfoliation efficiency. To explain the effectiveness of the unimers on the exfoliation, the influence of micellar size of a biocompatible block copolymer, Pluronic F-68, is evaluated in view of the yield and thickness of exfoliated 2D flakes. By the addition of water-soluble alcohols, the surfactants exist in the form of unimer, which facilitates the intercalation into the layered materials and their exfoliation...
January 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098229/novel-synthesis-of-zno-pmma-nanocomposites-for-photocatalytic-applications
#6
Alessandro Di Mauro, Maria Cantarella, Giuseppe Nicotra, Giovanna Pellegrino, Antonino Gulino, Maria Violetta Brundo, Vittorio Privitera, Giuliana Impellizzeri
The incorporation of nanostructured photocatalysts in polymers is a strategic way to obtain novel water purification systems. This approach takes the advantages of: (1) the presence of nanostructured photocatalyst; (2) the flexibility of polymer; (3) the immobilization of photocatalyst, that avoids the recovery of the nanoparticles after the water treatment. Here we present ZnO-polymer nanocomposites with high photocatalytic performance and stability. Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) powders were coated with a thin layer of ZnO (80 nm thick) by atomic layer deposition at low temperature (80 °C)...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098204/strain-specific-fibril-propagation-by-an-a%C3%AE-dodecamer
#7
Dexter N Dean, Pradipta K Das, Pratip Rana, Franklin Burg, Yona Levites, Sarah E Morgan, Preetam Ghosh, Vijayaraghavan Rangachari
Low molecular weight oligomers of amyloid-β (Aβ) have emerged as the primary toxic agents in the etiology of Alzheimer disease (AD). Polymorphism observed within the aggregation end products of fibrils are known to arise due to microstructural differences among the oligomers. Diversity in aggregate morphology correlates with the differences in AD, cementing the idea that conformational strains of oligomers could be significant in phenotypic outcomes. Therefore, it is imperative to determine the ability of strains to faithfully propagate their structure...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094959/noninvasive-targeted-transcranial-neuromodulation-via-focused-ultrasound-gated-drug-release-from-nanoemulsions
#8
Raag D Airan, Randall A Meyer, Nicholas P K Ellens, Kelly Rhodes, Keyvan Farahani, Martin G Pomper, Shilpa D Kadam, Jordan J Green
Targeted, noninvasive neuromodulation of the brain of an otherwise awake subject could revolutionize both basic and clinical neuroscience. Towards this goal, we have developed nanoparticles that allow noninvasive uncaging of a neuromodulatory drug - in this case the small molecule anesthetic propofol - upon the application of focused ultrasound. These nanoparticles are composed of biodegradable and biocompatible constituents and are activated using sonication parameters that are readily achievable by current clinical transcranial focused ultrasound systems...
January 17, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094901/characteristics-of-dust-particles-abraded-from-pesticide-treated-seeds-1-size-distribution-using-different-measuring-techniques
#9
Dieter Foque, Ingrid Zwertvaegher, Wouter Devarrewaere, Pieter Verboven, David Nuyttens
BACKGROUND: Particle size is one of the most important properties affecting the driftability and behavior of dust particles abraded from pesticide dressed seeds during sowing. Three particle sizing techniques were used determine the particle size distribution of dust abraded from seeds from six different species. RESULTS: Important differences in dust particle size distribution between species were observed with the finest dust for rapeseed and the coarsest dust for barley...
January 17, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093997/sonication-assisted-nanoprecipitation-in-drug-delivery
#10
Anh Thi Ngoc Vo, Thinh Duc Luu, Minh Ngoc Uyen Nguyen, Toi Van Vo, Wei Duan, Phuong Ha-Lien Tran, Thao Truong-Dinh Tran
Sonication-assisted nanoprecipitation provides an effective tool for nanomedicine engineering in therapeutic improvement. In the scope of this review, original works in interdisciplinary areas of using sonication with precipitation method for nanoparticulate drug delivery systems and its applications in management of different diseases are discussed. The use of sonication-assisted nanoprecipitation has been proved to improve drug bioavailability, which attracts tremendous interests as an effective strategy for drug delivery...
January 15, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090656/real-time-monitoring-of-tissue-displacement-and-temperature-changes-during-mr-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound
#11
Pierre Bour, Fabrice Marquet, Valéry Ozenne, Solenn Toupin, Erik Dumont, Jean-François Aubry, Matthieu Lepetit-Coiffe, Bruno Quesson
PURPOSE: The therapy endpoint most commonly used in MR-guided high intensity focused ultrasound is the thermal dose. Although namely correlated with nonviable tissue, it does not account for changes in mechanical properties of tissue during ablation. This study presents a new acquisition sequence for multislice, subsecond and simultaneous imaging of tissue temperature and displacement during ablation. METHODS: A single-shot echo planar imaging sequence was implemented using a pair of motion-encoding gradients, with alternated polarities...
January 16, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089661/studying-the-influence-of-formulation-and-process-variables-on-vancomycin-loaded-polymeric-nanoparticles-as-potential-carrier-for-enhanced-ophthalmic-delivery
#12
Carol Yousry, Seham A Elkheshen, Hanan M El-Laithy, Tamer Essam, Rania H Fahmy
Ocular topically applied Vancomycin (VCM) suffers poor bioavailability due to its high molecular weight and hydrophilicity. In the present investigation, VCM-loaded polymeric nanoparticles (PNPs) were developed aiming to enhance its ocular bioavailability through prolonging its release pattern and ophthalmic residence. PNPs were prepared utilizing double emulsion (W/O/O), solvent evaporation technique. 2(3)×4(1) full factorial design was applied to evaluate individual and combined influences of polymer type, Eudragit® RS100, sonication time, and Span®80 concentration on PNPs particle size, encapsulation efficiency, and zeta potential...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088536/targeting-sonic-hedgehog-signaling-in-neurological-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Sita Sharan Patel, Sunil Tomar, Diksha Sharma, Neeraj Mahindroo, Malairaman Udayabanu
Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling influences neurogenesis and neural patterning during the development of central nervous system. Dysregulation of Shh signaling in brain leads to neurological disorders like autism spectrum disorder, depression, dementia, stroke, Parkinson's diseases, Huntington's disease, locomotor deficit, epilepsy, demyelinating disease, neuropathies as well as brain tumors. The synthesis, processing and transport of Shh ligand as well as the localization of its receptors and signal transduction in the central nervous system has been carefully reviewed...
January 11, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077784/identification-and-characterization-of-hpv-independent-cervical-cancers
#14
Carolyn E Banister, Changlong Liu, Lucia Pirisi, Kim E Creek, Phillip J Buckhaults
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) initiates cervical cancer, and continuous expression of HPV oncogenes E6 and E7 is thought to be necessary to maintain malignant growth. Current therapies target proliferating cells, rather than specific pathways, and most experimental therapies specifically target E6/E7. We investigated the presence and expression of HPV in cervical cancer, to correlate HPV oncogene expression with clinical and molecular features of these tumors that may be relevant to new targeted therapies...
January 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077400/differential-expression-of-hedgehog-and-snail-in-cutaneous-fibrosing-disorders-implications-for-targeted-inhibition
#15
Amrita Goyal, Katy R Linskey, Jonathan Kay, Lyn M Duncan, Rosalynn M Nazarian
OBJECTIVES: To examine Hedgehog signaling in cutaneous fibrosing disorders for which effective approved therapies are lacking, expand our knowledge of pathophysiology, and explore the rationale for targeted inhibition. METHODS: Stain intensity and percentage of cells staining for Sonic hedgehog (Shh), Indian hedgehog (Ihh), Patched (Ptch), glycogen synthase kinase 3 β (GSK3-β), β-catenin, and Snail were evaluated in human skin biopsy specimens of keloid, hypertrophic scar (Hscar), scleroderma, nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF), scar, and normal skin using a tissue microarray...
December 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073938/sonic-hedgehog-guides-axons-via-zipcode-binding-protein-1-mediated-local-translation
#16
Lea Lepelletier, Sébastien D Langlois, Christopher B Kent, Kristy Welshhans, Steves Morin, Gary J Bassell, Patricia T Yam, Frédéric Charron
: Sonic hedgehog (Shh) attracts spinal cord commissural axons toward the floorplate. How Shh elicits changes in the growth cone cytoskeleton that drive growth cone turning is unknown. We find that the turning of rat commissural axons up a Shh gradient requires protein synthesis. In particular, Shh stimulation increases β-actin protein at the growth cone, even when the cell bodies have been removed. Thus Shh induces the local translation of β-actin at the growth cone. We hypothesised that this requires zipcode binding protein 1 (ZBP1), an mRNA binding protein that transports β-actin mRNA and releases it for local translation upon phosphorylation...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073536/microelectrode-array-mea-platform-as-a-sensitive-tool-to-detect-and-evaluate-ostreopsis-cf-ovata-toxicity
#17
Susanna Alloisio, Valentina Giussani, Mario Nobile, Mariachiara Chiantore, Antonio Novellino
In the last decade, the occurrence of harmful dinoflagellate blooms of the genus Ostreopsis has increased both in frequency and in geographic distribution with adverse impacts on public health and the economy. Ostreopsis species are producers of palytoxin-like toxins (putative palytoxin and ovatoxins) which are among the most potent natural non-protein compounds known to date, exhibiting extreme toxicity in mammals, including humans. Most existing toxicological data are derived from in vivo mouse assay and are related to acute effects of pure palytoxin, without considering that the toxicity mechanism of dinoflagellates can be dependent on the varying composition of complex biotoxins mixture and on the presence of cellular components...
May 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073245/cyclodextrin-assisted-two-component-sonogel-for-visual-humidity-sensing
#18
Xudong Yu, Xiaoting Ge, Lijun Geng, Haichuang Lan, Jujie Ren, Yajuan Li, Tao Yi
In this work, two naphthalimide-based compounds, 1a and 1b, have been designed and synthesized. Both compounds can form stable two-component gels in n-propanol or n-butanol upon addition of α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) followed by sonication at room temperature. Interestingly, the 1a/α-CD gel is thixotropic and very sensitive to water. Addition of a small amount of water induces rapid gel collapse, allowing further development of the gel as a visual relative humidity sensor. Specificity of the sensor has been confirmed using several approaches, such as scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence, Fourier transform infrared, and (1)H NMR spectroscopy experiments...
January 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072580/in-vivo-real-time-cavitation-imaging-in-moving-organs
#19
B Arnal, J Baranger, C Demene, M Tanter, M Pernot
The stochastic nature of cavitation implies visualization of the cavitation cloud in real-time and in a discriminative manner for the safe use of focused ultrasound therapy. This visualization is sometimes possible with standard echography, but it strongly depends on the quality of the scanner, and is hindered by difficulty in discriminating from highly reflecting tissue signals in different organs. A specific approach would then permit clear validation of the cavitation position and activity. Detecting signals from a specific source with high sensitivity is a major problem in ultrasound imaging...
February 7, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070848/intravaginal-delivery-of-polyphenon-60-and-curcumin-nanoemulsion-gel
#20
Atinderpal Kaur, Yashaswee Saxena, Rakhi Bansal, Sonal Gupta, Amit Tyagi, Rakesh Kumar Sharma, Javed Ali, Amulya Kumar Panda, Reema Gabrani, Shweta Dang
Polyphenon 60 (P60) and curcumin (CUR) were loaded in a single nanoemulsion system and their combined antibacterial action was studied against uropathogenic Escherichia coli. To enhance availability at target organs and to inhibit enzymatic degradation in gastro intestinal tract, vaginal route of administration was explored. P60 + CUR nanoemulsion (NE) was formulated by ultra-sonication and optimized using Box-Behnken design. Optimized NE showed Z-average of 211.2 nm, polydispersity index of 0.343, and zeta potential of -32...
January 9, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
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