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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092609/horse-expert-an-aided-expert-system-for-diagnosing-horse-diseases
#1
H Qin, J Xiao, X Gao, H Wang
In contrast to the rapid development of the horse husbandry in China, the ability of horse veterinarians to diagnose diseases has not been improved and only a few domain experts have considerable expertise. At present, many expert systems have been developed for diseases diagnosis, but few for horse diseases diagnosis have been studied in depth. This paper presents the design and development of a computer-aided expert system for diagnosing horse diseases. We suggest an approach for diagnosis of horse diseases based on the analysis of diagnostic characteristics and the experiential knowledge of domain experts...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091387/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasites-in-cats-and-their-importance-in-terms-of-public-health
#2
Umut Fikret Korkmaz, Sami Gökpınar, Kader Yıldız
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to detect the prevalence of intestinal parasites in cats by fecal examination. METHODS: A total of 100 fecal samples were collected from owned and stray cats in the Kırıkkale province. Epidemiological data on the sampled cats (e.g., age, race, and sex) were recorded. The samples were macroscopically investigated for the presence of cestode proglottids. The fecal smears were stained with Giemsa and Carbol fuchsin stains. The samples were prepared by centrifugal flotation with a saturated sugar solution...
December 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088420/exploring-expert-opinion-on-the-practicality-and-effectiveness-of-biosecurity-measures-on-dairy-farms-in-the-united-kingdom-using-choice-modeling
#3
Orla Shortall, Martin Green, Marnie Brennan, Wendela Wapenaar, Jasmeet Kaler
Biosecurity, defined as a series of measures aiming to stop disease-causing agents entering or leaving an area where farm animals are present, is very important for the continuing economic viability of the United Kingdom dairy sector, and for animal welfare. This study gathered expert opinion from farmers, veterinarians, consultants, academics, and government and industry representatives on the practicality and effectiveness of different biosecurity measures on dairy farms. The study used best-worst scaling, a technique that allows for greater discrimination between choices and avoids the variability in interpretation associated with other methods, such as Likert scales and ranking methods...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086878/a-case-of-cranium-bifidum-with-meningocele-in-ayrshire-calf
#4
Mosiany Letura Kisipan, Caleb Oburu Orenge, David Njogu Gacheru, Raphael Muchangi Ngure
BACKGROUND: Congenital cranial bone defects predispose to herniation of meninges, sometimes with brain tissue involvement, to form a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-filled cyst in the head. Such defects mainly results from focal failure of neural tube closure during fetal development and has been reported in various species of domestic mammals. CASE PRESENTATION: A one week old Ayrshire calf with a fluctuant swelling on parieto-occipital region of the head was referred to the faculty...
January 13, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081063/state-laws-requiring-hand-sanitation-stations-at-animal-contact-exhibits-united-states-march-april-2016
#5
Aila Hoss, Colin Basler, Lauren Stevenson, Kelly Gambino-Shirley, Misha Park Robyn, Megin Nichols
In the United States, animal contact exhibits, such as petting zoos and agricultural fairs, have been sources of zoonotic infections, including infections with Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and Cryptosporidium (1-4). The National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians recommends handwashing after contact with animals as an effective prevention measure to disease transmission at these exhibits (4). This report provides a list of states that have used law, specifically statutes and regulations, as public health interventions to increase hand sanitation at animal contact exhibits...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080917/results-of-the-megaverebrate-analgesia-survey-giraffe-and-hippopotamus
#6
Matthew Boothe, Jack Kottwitz, Roy Harmon, Scott B Citino, Jeffery R Zuba, Dawn M Boothe
Results of an online survey posted on the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians listserv examined the patterns of analgesic medication and pain management modalities used for captive giraffe and hippopotami. Compiled data included signalment, drugs administered, dosing regimens, subjective efficacy scores, ease of administration, and adverse events. Nineteen institutions exhibiting hippopotami ( Hippopotamus amphibious ) and pygmy hippopotami (Choeropsis liberiensis) and 45 exhibiting giraffe ( Giraffa camelopardalis spp...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076469/scoring-clinical-signs-can-help-diagnose-canine-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-a-highly-endemic-area-in-brazil
#7
Kleverton Ribeiro da Silva, Vitor Rosa Ramos de Mendonça, Kellen Matuzzy Silva, Leopoldo Fabrício Marçal do Nascimento, Antonio Ferreira Mendes-Sousa, Flaviane Alves de Pinho, Manoel Barral-Netto, Aldina Maria Prado Barral, Maria do Socorro Pires E Cruz
Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) diagnosis is still a challenge in endemic areas with limited diagnostic resources. This study proposes a score with the potential to distinguish positive CVL cases from negative ones. We studied 265 dogs that tested positive for CVL on ELISA and parasitological tests. A score ranging between 0 and 19 was recorded on the basis of clinical signs. Dogs with CVL had an overall higher positivity of the majority of clinical signs than did dogs without CVL or with ehrlichiosis. Clinical signs such as enlarged lymph nodes (83...
January 1, 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062770/taking-charge-of-the-veterinary-future-in-europe
#8
(no author information available yet)
The veterinary future in Europe was discussed at the general assembly of the Federation of Veterinarians of Europe in November. Following in the footsteps of the BVA/RCVS Vet Futures project, a similar initiative is now underway in Europe. Karin de Lange reports.
January 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059060/-statistics-of-the-activities-of-a-veterinarian-from-the-canton-of-neuch%C3%A3-tel-from-the-19th-century
#9
A Rutti
Abraham Buehler wrote a statistical sketch of his activity as a practitioner during the years 1855 to 1861 in "Les Verrières" in the Swiss Canton of Neuchâtel. He included charts relating to diseases observed in different species such as horses, cows, goats, sheep, pigs and dogs. He described the evolution of the foot and mouth epidemic in the region during the years 1855 and 1856. Abraham Buehler stated that with this work he aimed to encourage his colleagues to also collect data.
January 2017: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059059/-fighting-malpractice-and-uncooperative-behaviour-in-the-swiss-archive-for-veterinary-science-1816-2016
#10
U Jenny
Already back in the 18th century, the treatment of sick animals was reserved for licensed veterinarians in most Cantons. Various articles from the first 100 years of the Swiss Archives for Veterinary Science show that over and over again unqualified people offered their services to livestock owners. A detailed article from the year 1843 on the resulting situation in the Canton of Berne and the need for corrective measures are presented. At the beginning of the 20th century articles about malpractice among veterinarians, especially regarding the trade of medication predominate...
January 2017: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058953/use-of-a-subdermal-plexus-flap-to-reconstruct-an-upper-eyelid-following-radical-tumor-resection-in-a-cat
#11
Filipe C Dias, Alan Danielski, Kate Forster, David L Williams
CASE DESCRIPTION A 15-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was examined for treatment of a recurrent neoplastic mass in the left upper eyelid that had been excised 6 months earlier by the referring veterinarian. CLINICAL FINDINGS An apparently nonpainful firm cutaneous mass (approx 2 × 2 mm) was located on the lateral third of the left upper eyelid near the scar from the previous surgical excision. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Approximately one-third of the left upper lip was used as a subdermal plexus (lip-to-lid) flap to cover the defect created by en bloc excision of the eyelid mass...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054443/risk-mitigation-of-emerging-zoonoses-hendra-virus-and-non-vaccinating-horse-owners
#12
J Manyweathers, H Field, D Jordan, N Longnecker, K Agho, C Smith, M Taylor
Hendra virus was identified in horses and humans in 1994, in Queensland, Australia. Flying foxes are the natural host. Horses are thought to acquire infection by direct or indirect contact with infected flying fox urine. Humans are infected from close contact with infected horses. To reduce risk of infection in horses and humans, Australian horse owners are encouraged to vaccinate horses against the virus and adopt property risk mitigation practices that focus on reducing flying fox horse contact and contamination of horses' environment with flying fox bodily fluids...
January 4, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043585/occurrence-of-zoonotic-tuberculosis-in-occupationally-exposed-high-risk-groups-in-peshawar-pakistan
#13
Irfan Khattak, Muhammad H Mushtaq, Sultan Ayaz, Mansur U D Ahmad, Sadeeq U Rahman
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To determine the occurrence of active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) due to Mycobacterium bovis in abattoir workers, butchers, livestock farmers, and veterinarians and to document their knowledge and practices regarding bovine TB (bTB). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among abattoir workers, butchers, livestock farmers, veterinary doctors, and veterinary assistants. Sputum samples were collected from the respondents with a chronic cough and data on sociodemographic conditions, knowledge, and practices regarding TB were obtained...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043385/development-of-a-rapid-antibody-test-for-point-of-care-diagnosis-of-animal-african-trypanosomosis
#14
Alain Boulangé, Davita Pillay, Cyrille Chevtzoff, Nicolas Biteau, Vanessa Comé de Graça, Leonie Rempeters, Dimitrios Theodoridis, Théo Baltz
Trypanosoma congolense and T. vivax are the main causative agents of animal African trypanosomosis (AAT), a disease which hinders livestock production throughout sub-Saharan Africa and in some parts of South America. Although two trypanocidal drugs are currently available, the level of treatment is low due to the difficulty in diagnosing the disease in the field. The major clinical signs of AAT such as anaemia, weight loss, and infertility, are common to several other endemic livestock diseases. Current diagnostic methods, based on the visualization of the parasite in the blood, or on the detection of its DNA or the antibodies it triggers in the host, are not suitable for direct use in the field as they require specialized equipment and personnel...
January 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043367/effectiveness-of-intrauterine-treatment-with-cephapirin-in-dairy-cows-with-purulent-vaginal-discharge
#15
N Tison, E Bouchard, L DesCôteaux, R C Lefebvre
The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of cephapirin intrauterine treatment preceding a timed artificial insemination protocol in lactating dairy cows with purulent vaginal discharges (PVDs). Holstein dairy cows (n = 1247) from 18 herds were enrolled in a controlled randomized clinical trial. At 34 days in milk (DIM; ±7 days), cows had a genital examination (transrectal palpation, vaginoscopy, and uterine bacteriology). They were randomly assigned to either the control group (CONT, no treatment) or the treatment group (CEPH) consisting of 1 intrauterine infusion of 500-mg cephapirin benzathine (RCL) (Metricure, Merck Animal Health, Montreal, Canada) regardless of the uterine health status...
February 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042156/validation-de-la-version-francophone-d%C3%A2-une-%C3%A3-chelle-composite-multidimensionnelle-pour-l%C3%A2-%C3%A3-valuation-de-la-douleur-postop%C3%A3-ratoire-chez-les-chats
#16
Paulo V M Steagall, Beatriz P Monteiro, Anne-Marie Lavoie, Diane Frank, Eric Troncy, Stelio P L Luna, Juliana T Brondani
Validation of the French version of the UNESP-Botucatu multidimensional composite pain scale for assessing postoperative pain in cats. The aim of this study was to validate the French version of the UNESP-Botucatu multidimensional composite pain scale (MCPS-Fr) to assess postoperative pain in cats. Two veterinarians and one DVM student identified three domains of behavior based on video analyses: "psychomotor change", "protection of the painful area" and "physiological variables". Internal consistency was excellent (Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0...
January 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042151/estimated-antimicrobial-dispensing-frequency-and-preferences-for-lactating-cow-therapy-by-ontario-dairy-veterinarians
#17
David F Léger, Nathalie C Newby, Richard Reid-Smith, Neil Anderson, David L Pearl, Kerry D Lissemore, David F Kelton
In this cross-sectional study, data were collected from responses to a questionnaire on dispensing frequencies of antimicrobials used by dairy practitioners in Ontario in dairy cattle in 2001. Data were validated through clinical case scenarios. Respondents reported using antimicrobials across all categories of importance to human medicine (medically important, Categories I to III) with a diversity of treatment combinations and routes of administration. Respondents anticipated that a request for direct veterinary supervision by producers was dependent on case severity, highlighting the importance of on-farm diagnostic and treatment protocols...
January 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034594/awareness-of-tick-borne-disease-and-compliance-with-using-tick-preventive-products-of-dog-owners-in-hong-kong
#18
Maureen V Boost, Choi-Yin Tung, Claudia Hoi-Ki Ip, July Fung-Oi Man, Toni Wing-Tung Hui, Candy Fung-Yee Leung, Maggie Yuen-Wa Mak, Queeny Yuen, Margaret M O'Donoghue
Tick-borne disease in dogs is common in South-east Asia and includes babesiosis and ehrlichiosis. These diseases can be largely prevented by compliant use of tick preventive products. This study investigated knowledge of ticks and tick-borne disease and use of tick preventive agents by a large sample of dog owners in Hong Kong. A total of 492 valid questionnaires were completed by owners attending veterinary practices, approached by researchers at common dog-walking areas, or targeted via local social media sites for pet owners...
December 21, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034577/10-lessons-learned-by-a-misguided-physician
#19
REVIEW
Barry E Levin
It was a great and humbling honor to receive the 2016 Distinguished Career Award from my SSIB colleagues. This paper summarizes the major points of my DCA talk at the 2016 annual meeting. It is a reflection on my 50year medical and research career and 10 lessons I have learned over those years which might be of help to young investigators near the beginning of their own research careers. These lessons include: the value of being receptive to the opportunities provided you; how clinician-scientists can serve as critical role models for young investigators like me and a history of how my career developed as a result of their influence; the importance of carefully examining your own data, particularly when it doesn't agree with your preconceived ideas; the critical role that students, postdocs and PhD (and even veterinarian) colleagues can play in developing one's career; the likelihood that your career path will have many interesting twists and turns determined by changes in your own scientific interests and how rewarding various areas of research focus are to you; the importance of building a close-knit laboratory staff family; the fact that science and romance can mix...
December 26, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026910/participatory-policy-making-by-dairy-producers-to-reduce-anti-microbial-use-on-farms
#20
L van Dijk, A Hayton, D C J Main, A Booth, A King, D C Barrett, H J Buller, K K Reyher
Pressures for more responsible use of anti-microbial (AM) medicines in food animals are likely to increase from policymakers and the food industry, including retailers. To address this challenge, participatory approaches to welfare interventions and disease prevention may also be necessary alongside more conventional regulatory measures. This article describes the process of enabling groups of dairy producers to use a participatory policy making approach to develop an AM stewardship policy. The policy includes measures agreed to by all producers for more responsible use of AMs, whilst maintaining or improving dairy herd health and welfare...
December 27, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
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