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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777092/seroprevalence-of-brucellosis-in-butchers-veterinarians-and-slaughterhouse-workers-in-hamadan-western-iran
#1
Mojgan Mamani, Mohammad Mehdi Majzoobi, Fariba Keramat, Nesa Varmaghani, Abbas Moghimbeigi
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella species via infected domestic animals. In endemic areas, certain occupations such as veterinarians, butchers, and slaughterhouse workers are considered high risk regarding brucellosis. We evaluated the seroprevalence of brucellosis in high-risk occupations in Hamadan, West of Iran. STUDY DESIGN: a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Overall, 218 participants from 2014 to 2015 were enrolled...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777086/roderick-s-f-campbell
#2
Alan Wilson
With a vital role in developing veterinary education in Australia, he became one of the country's most outstanding veterinarians.
May 19, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776456/pancreatitis-and-systemic-coronavirus-infection-in-a-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#3
Sarah E Wills, Hugues H Beaufrère, Brigitte A Brisson, Russell S Fraser, Dale A Smith
A 1-y-old spayed female ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was referred for additional diagnostic evaluation after physicalexamination by the referring veterinarian revealed a cranial abdominal mass. The ferret had a 2-wk history of inappetence,weight loss, and lethargy. On presentation, the ferret was thin, and an approximately 3-cm mass was palpable in the cranialabdomen. No other abnormalities were noted. Abdominal ultrasonography confirmed the presence of a soft-tissue structure, with a moderate blood supply and mesenteric lymphadenopathy...
May 18, 2018: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775839/veterinary-applications-of-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-therapy
#4
REVIEW
James S Gaynor, Sean Hagberg, Blake T Gurfein
Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy can non-invasively treat a variety of pathologies by delivering electric and magnetic fields to tissues via inductive coils. The electromagnetic fields generated by these devices have been found to affect a variety of biological processes and basic science understanding of the underlying mechanisms of action of PEMF treatment has accelerated in the last 10 years. Accumulating clinical evidence supports the use of PEMF therapy in both animals and humans for specific clinical indications including bone healing, wound healing, osteoarthritis and inflammation, and treatment of post-operative pain and edema...
May 7, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774298/cystic-echinococcosis-in-marketed-offal-of-sheep-in-basrah-iraq-abattoir-based-survey-and-a-probabilistic-model-estimation-of-the-direct-economic-losses-due-to-hydatid-cyst
#5
Mohanad F Abdulhameed, Ihab Habib, Suzan A Al-Azizz, Ian Robertson
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a highly endemic parasitic zoonosis in Iraq with substantial impacts on livestock productivity and human health. The objectives of this study were to study the abattoir-based occurrence of CE in marketed offal of sheep in Basrah province, Iraq, and to estimate, using a probabilistic modelling approach, the direct economic losses due to hydatid cysts. Based on detailed visual meat inspection, results from an active abattoir survey in this study revealed detection of hydatid cysts in 7...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770324/one-health-integration-a-proposed-framework-for-a-study-on-veterinarians-and-zoonotic-disease-management-in-ghana
#6
Sophie Françoise Valeix
In parallel with the recent world-wide promotion of One Health (OH) as a policy concept, a growing body of social science studies has raised questions about how successful OH policies and programs have been in managing some global health issues, such as zoonotic diseases. This paper briefly reviews this literature to clarify its critical perspective. Much of the literature on OH also is focused on health management at an international level and has paid less attention to implementation programs and policies for OH at the national and local levels, especially in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs)...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768714/detection-of-an-avian-lineage-influenza-a-h7n2-virus-in-air-and-surface-samples-at-a-new-york-city-feline-quarantine-facility
#7
Francoise M Blachere, William G Lindsley, Angela M Weber, Donald H Beezhold, Robert E Thewlis, Kenneth R Mead, John D Noti
BACKGROUND: In December 2016, an outbreak of low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) A(H7N2) occurred in cats at a New York City animal shelter and quickly spread to other shelters in New York and Pennsylvania. The A(H7N2) virus also spread to an attending veterinarian. In response, 500 cats were transferred from these shelters to a temporary quarantine facility for continued monitoring and treatment. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study was to assess the occupational risk of A(H7N2) exposure among emergency response workers at the feline quarantine facility...
May 16, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768042/baseline-knowledge-of-potential-pet-toxins-among-the-us-general-public
#8
Natalie Young, Kenneth Royal, Bryan Lovee, Gigi Davidson
In 2014, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty toAnimals Animal Poison Control Center fielded more than 167,000cases of potential nonhuman animal toxicosis. Concomitantly, thereremain limited free and reputable veterinary toxicology resourcesavailable for companion-animal (pet) caregivers (owners) seekingassistance and advice about potentially harmful exposures inanimals. The objective of this study was to assess pet toxicantknowledge among a representative sample of Americans andgauge the need for additional toxicology resources...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767569/teaching-tip-development-of-veterinary-anesthesia-simulations-for-pre-clinical-training-design-implementation-and-evaluation-based-on-student-perspectives
#9
Jana L Jones, Jim Rinehart, Jacqueline Jordan Spiegel, Ryane E Englar, Brian K Sidaway, Joie Rowles
Anesthesia simulations have been used in pre-clinical medical training for decades to help learners gain confidence and expertise in an operating room environment without danger to a live patient. The authors describe a veterinary anesthesia simulation environment (VASE) with anesthesia scenarios developed to provide a re-creation of a veterinarian's task environment while performing anesthesia. The VASE uses advanced computer technology with simulator inputs provided from standard monitoring equipment in common use during veterinary anesthesia and a commercial canine training mannequin that allows intubation, ventilation, and venous access...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767568/the-relationship-between-intuitive-action-choices-and-moral-reasoning-on-animal-ethics-issues-in-students-of-veterinary-medicine-and-other-relevant-professions
#10
Joy M Verrinder, Clive J C Phillips
With growing understanding of animals' capabilities, and public and organizational pressures to improve animal welfare, moral action by veterinarians and other relevant professionals to address animal issues is increasingly important. Little is known about how their action choices relate to their moral reasoning on animal ethics issues. A moral judgment measure, the VetDIT, with three animal and three non-animal scenarios, was used to investigate the action choices of 619 students in five animal- and two non-animal-related professional programs in one Australian university, and how these related to their moral reasoning based on Personal Interest (PI), Maintaining Norms (MN), or Universal Principles (UP) schemas...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762789/an-optimist-s-view-on-limiting-necrotic-enteritis-and-maintaining-broiler-gut-health-and-performance-in-today-s-marketing-food-safety-and-regulatory-climate
#11
Charles L Hofacre, John A Smith, Greg F Mathis
The future poultry nutritionist, veterinarian, and husbandryman will have many new regulatory requirements and consumer preferences to navigate in addition to their normal responsibility of raising birds in a cost-efficient and wholesome manner. New challenges include changes to antibiotic use, increased food safety regulations, and more concern over how birds are raised and how to dispose of poultry house waste. All of these new programs and new regulations will alter how we have been raising birds for the last 60 years since the inception of the integrated poultry industry...
June 1, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756043/surgical-management-of-nephrolithiasis-in-the-bottlenose-dolphin-collaborations-between-the-urologist-and-veterinarian
#12
Roger L Sur, Jenny M Meegan, Cynthia R Smith, Todd Schmitt, James L'Esperance, Dean Hendrikson, Jason R Woo
Background: Cohorts of bottlenose ( Tursiops truncatus ) dolphins are at significant risk for nephrolithiasis development. However, effective surgical treatment has been limited due to absence of literature and also familiarity by both veterinarians and urologists. Recently a joint veterinarian and urology team were called to treat local bottlenose dolphins in San Diego, CA, and they performed several cases. The fund of knowledge from these cases is presented for future providers who may be asked to surgically treat these animals...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753490/technical-note-evaluation-of-a-sonographic-overbagging-edema-scoring-system-for-show-cows-comparison-with-visual-inspection
#13
M Balmer, M Alsaaod, M Boesiger, R O'Brien, A Steiner
Overbagged udders are commonly seen at dairy cow shows due to prolonged milking intervals. The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence of udder edema in dairy cows at shows as determined by sonography and to suggest a sonographic scoring system, which was evaluated for reproducibility and repeatability. At 4 highly competitive Swiss dairy cow shows, 319 cows of various breeds were examined. Sonographic scans-1 from each fore quarter and 1 from the rear, representing both hind quarters-were collected by 3 experienced veterinarians at defined positions predisposed to overbagging edema...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752365/ethical-dilemmas-encountered-by-small-animal-veterinarians-challenging-the-status-quo
#14
Vanessa Ashall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742312/semi-quantitative-methods-yield-greater-inter-and-intraobserver-agreement-than-subjective-methods-for-interpreting-99m-technetium-hydroxymethylene-diphosphonate-uptake-in-equine-thoracic-processi-spinosi
#15
Claudia van Zadelhoff, Anna Ehrle, Roswitha Merle, Werner Jahn, Christoph Lischer
Scintigraphy is a standard diagnostic method for evaluating horses with back pain due to suspected thoracic processus spinosus pathology. Lesion detection is based on subjective or semi-quantitative assessments of increased uptake. This retrospective, analytical study is aimed to compare semi-quantitative and subjective methods in the evaluation of scintigraphic images of the processi spinosi in the equine thoracic spine. Scintigraphic images of 20 Warmblood horses, presented for assessment of orthopedic conditions between 2014 and 2016, were included in the study...
May 9, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737554/canine-recommended-breed-weight-ranges-are-not-a-good-predictor-of-an-ideal-body-condition-score
#16
E G Smith, K Davis, L Sulsh, S C Harvey, K E Fowler
Breed-specific ideal bodyweight range information is widely used by dog owners and breeders as a guideline to ensure animals are within a healthy weight range. Body Condition Scoring, a method used by veterinarians to assess an animal's overall shape with regard to weight is considered to be an excellent method to determine an animal's overall body condition; these values, however, do not always correspond to published weight ranges. Here, the weight, neuter status, age and a nine-point Body Condition Score of a population of 140 purebred dogs were recorded and subsequently analysed to determine whether bodyweight was an effective predictor for Body Condition Scores...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734632/ecotoxicity-of-the-two-veterinarian-antibiotics-ceftiofur-and-cefapirin-before-and-after-photo-transformation
#17
Alyson R Ribeiro, Bernd Sures, Torsten C Schmidt
The release of antibiotics into the environment may lead to deleterious effects in non-target organisms as well as pressure in antimicrobial resistance acquirement. Ceftiofur (CEF) and cefapirin (CEPA) are veterinary cephalosporins used for recurrent and economically relevant infections. Both antibiotics have been detected in aquatic environments and their fate during drinking water processing is still unknown. This work investigated the acute and chronic toxicities of CEF and CEPA towards aquatic organisms including stability tests...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733092/sourcing-of-opioid-analgesics-for-nonmedical-use-are-veterinarians-the-latest-frontier
#18
Cayley Russell, Benedikt Fischer, Thiago M Fidalgo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732326/information-management-and-ante-mortem-inspection-procedures-for-the-emerging-diseases-control-experiences-acquired-in-the-epidemiological-surveillance-of-bluetongue-and-lumpy-skin-disease
#19
Alessandra Corradini, Marcello Trevisani, Geremia Dosa, Anna Padovani
The spread of exotic, emerging and reemerging diseases, has become, in the last years, one of the most important threats to the animal productions and public health, representing a new challenge for the European Community. In a global-market framework, where trade and contacts between countries are simplified, effective and well-developed surveillance systems are necessary. Multiple factors are, in fact, associated with the emergence of new, known or exotic diseases in this new economic panorama and for these reasons controls on animal imports, traceability and timeliness detection of infected animals should be considered the basis of a sound surveillance...
March 31, 2018: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729924/identifying-poor-metabolic-adaptation-during-early-lactation-in-dairy-cows-using-cluster-analysis
#20
M Tremblay, M Kammer, H Lange, S Plattner, C Baumgartner, J A Stegeman, J Duda, R Mansfeld, D Döpfer
Currently, cows with poor metabolic adaptation during early lactation, or poor metabolic adaptation syndrome (PMAS), are often identified based on detection of hyperketonemia. Unfortunately, elevated blood ketones do not manifest consistently with indications of PMAS. Expected indicators of PMAS include elevated liver enzymes and bilirubin, decreased rumen fill, reduced rumen contractions, and a decrease in milk production. Cows with PMAS typically are higher producing, older cows that are earlier in lactation and have greater body condition score at the start of lactation...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
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