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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931934/assessing-the-impact-of-tailored-biosecurity-advice-on-farmer-behaviour-and-pathogen-presence-in-beef-herds-in-england-and-wales
#1
J M Cardwell, S Van Winden, W Beauvais, A Mastin, W A De Glanville, J Hardstaff, R E Booth, J Fishwick, D U Pfeiffer
The term 'biosecurity' encompasses many measures farmers can take to reduce the risk of pathogen incursion or spread. As the best strategy will vary between settings, veterinarians play an important role in assessing risk and providing advice, but effectiveness requires farmer acceptance and implementation. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of specifically-tailored biosecurity advice packages in reducing endemic pathogen presence on UK beef suckler farms. One hundred and sixteen farms recruited by 10 veterinary practices were followed for three years...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931925/investigating-interactions-between-uk-horse-owners-and-prescribers-of-anthelmintics
#2
Stephanie Easton, Gina L Pinchbeck, Thomas Tzelos, David J Bartley, Emily Hotchkiss, Jane E Hodgkinson, Jacqueline B Matthews
Helminths are common pathogens of equids and anthelmintic resistance is a major issue in cyathostomin species and Parascaris equorum. At the heart of mitigating the impact of increasing anthelmintic resistance levels, is the responsible dissemination and use of these medicines following best practice principles. There is a paucity of information on interactions between horse owners and anthelmintic prescribers and how this shapes control. Here, a study was undertaken to determine opinions and experiences of horse owners as they relate to anthelmintics purchase and implementation of best practice control...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930713/detecting-methemoglobinemia-in-animals-with-a-drop-of-blood
#3
Toni G Patton, Stephen L Blamer, Katherine E Horak
A major concern during pesticide development and use is the impact on non-target species, such as raptors or domestic cats and dogs. Sodium nitrite and para-aminopropiophenone (PAPP) are two toxicants currently being studied for the control of invasive species, such as starlings and feral swine. When given to an animal these compounds oxidize hemoglobin, which renders it unable to carry oxygen resulting in methemoglobinemia. This study developed a method to estimate methemoglobin levels in mammals and birds by examining the efficacy of sodium nitrite to induce the conversion of hemoglobin to methemoglobin...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929279/pet-related-infections
#4
Michael J Day
Physicians and veterinarians have many opportunities to partner in promoting the well-being of people and their pets, especially by addressing zoonotic diseases that may be transmitted between a pet and a human family member. Common cutaneous pet-acquired zoonoses are dermatophytosis (ringworm) and sarcoptic mange (scabies), which are both readily treated. Toxoplasmosis can be acquired from exposure to cat feces, but appropriate hygienic measures can minimize the risk to pregnant women. Persons who work with animals are at increased risk of acquiring bartonellosis (e...
November 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928179/catheters-calving-and-conundrums-field-notes-of-a-first-year-veterinarian
#5
Adrienne Johnston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928175/survey-of-ontario-veterinarians-knowledge-and-attitudes-on-pain-in-dogs-and-cats-in-2012
#6
Adam Beswick, Cate Dewey, Ron Johnson, James Dowsett-Cooper, Lee Niel
Appropriate management of animal pain is a critical component of optimal animal welfare in small animal veterinary clinics. An online convenience survey was used to examine the knowledge and attitudes of practicing veterinarians in Ontario about pain in dogs (n = 100) and cats (n = 139). Veterinarian participants showed strong agreement with the need for appropriate animal pain relief, and low agreement with lack of analgesic use due to cost or side effects. All of the surgical procedures included in the survey were ranked as being moderately to highly painful, but female veterinarians had higher median rankings...
December 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927265/trends-and-risk-factors-for-human-q-fever-in-australia-1991-2014
#7
T S Sloan-Gardner, P D Massey, P Hutchinson, K Knope, E Fearnley
Australian abattoir workers, farmers, veterinarians and people handling animal birthing products or slaughtering animals continue to be at high risk of Q fever despite an effective vaccine being available. National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System data were analysed for the period 1991-2014, along with enhanced risk factor data from notified cases in the states of New South Wales and Queensland, to examine changes in the epidemiology of Q fever in Australia. The national Q fever notification rate reduced by 20% [incident rate ratio (IRR) 0·82] following the end of the National Q fever Management Program in 2006, and has increased since 2009 (IRR 1·01-1·34)...
December 8, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922210/comparison-between-thoracic-radiographic-findings-and-postmortem-diagnosis-of-thoracic-diseases-in-dyspneic-companion-rats-rattus-norvegicus
#8
Virginie Fouriez-Lablée, Claire Vergneau-Grosset, Philip H Kass, Allison L Zwingenberger
Companion rats are often presented to veterinarians for respiratory difficulties. Dyspnea in rats is most commonly due to infectious pneumonia, and thoracic neoplasia can go undiagnosed ante mortem due to a mistaken interpretation of pneumonia. In domestic carnivores, pulmonary nodular patterns have been shown to correlate with lung neoplastic diseases and infectious diseases. The main objective of this retrospective case series study was to determine whether certain radiographic criteria could be correlated with the presence of thoracic infectious disease and neoplastic disease in companion rats...
December 6, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915438/variations-in-clinical-presentation-and-anatomical-distribution-of-gross-lesions-of-african-swine-fever-in-domestic-pigs-in-the-southern-highlands-of-tanzania-a-field-experience
#9
Maulilio John Kipanyula, Solomon Wilson Nong'ona
African swine fever is a contagious viral disease responsible for up to 100% mortality among domestic pigs. A longitudinal study was carried out to determine the clinical presentation and anatomical distribution of gross lesions in affected pigs in Mbeya region, Tanzania during the 2010 to 2014 outbreaks. Data were collected during clinical and postmortem examination by field veterinarians and using a structured questionnaire. A total of 118 respondents (100%) showed awareness about African swine fever. During previous outbreaks, the mortality rate was almost 100%, while in 2014 it was estimated to be less than 50%...
December 3, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911040/retrospective-study-evaluating-seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-e-virus-in-blood-donors-and-in-swine-veterinarians-in-italy-2004
#10
L De Sabato, I Di Bartolo, E Montomoli, C Trombetta, F M Ruggeri, F Ostanello
Hepatitis E is an emerging viral disease in developed countries, with sporadic cases occasionally linked to the consumption of raw or undercooked pork, wild boar or deer meat. Cases due to transfusion or transplantation have also been reported. In developed countries, hepatitis E is considered a zoonosis and pig is the main reservoir. In the last few years, several studies conducted in Europe reported variable seroprevalence rates among the general population, ranging between 0.26% and 52.5%. A higher seroprevalence was described among workers who come in contact with pigs...
December 2, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901392/assessment-of-frailty-in-aged-dogs
#11
Julie Hua, Sara Hoummady, Claude Muller, Jean-Louis Pouchelon, Marc Blondot, Caroline Gilbert, Loic Desquilbet
OBJECTIVE To define a frailty-related phenotype-a clinical syndrome associated with the aging process in humans-in aged dogs and to investigate its association with time to death. ANIMALS 116 aged guide dogs. PROCEDURES Dogs underwent a clinical geriatric assessment (CGA) and were followed to either time of death or the study cutoff date. A 5-component clinical definition of a frailty phenotype was derived from clinical items included in a geriatric health evaluation scoresheet completed by veterinarians during the CGA...
December 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898325/determination-of-acid-dissociation-constants-pka-of-cephalosporin-antibiotics-computational-and-experimental-approaches
#12
Alyson R Ribeiro, Torsten C Schmidt
Cefapirin (CEPA) and ceftiofur (CEF) are two examples of widely used veterinarian cephalosporins presenting multiple ionization centers. However, the acid dissociation constants (pKa) of CEF are missing and experimental data about CEPA are rare. The same is true for many cephalosporins, where available data are either incomplete or even wrong. Environmentally relevant biotic and abiotic processes depend primordially on the antibiotic pH-dependent speciation. Consequently, this physicochemical parameter should be reliable, including the correct ionization center identification...
November 26, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891118/colistin-in-pig-production-chemistry-mechanism-of-antibacterial-action-microbial-resistance-emergence-and-one-health-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Mohamed Rhouma, Francis Beaudry, William Thériault, Ann Letellier
Colistin (Polymyxin E) is one of the few cationic antimicrobial peptides commercialized in both human and veterinary medicine. For several years now, colistin has been considered the last line of defense against infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative such as Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Colistin has been extensively used orally since the 1960s in food animals and particularly in swine for the control of Enterobacteriaceae infections. However, with the recent discovery of plasmid-mediated colistin resistance encoded by the mcr-1 gene and the higher prevalence of samples harboring this gene in animal isolates compared to other origins, livestock has been singled out as the principal reservoir for colistin resistance amplification and spread...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890293/avian-oncology-diseases-diagnostics-and-therapeutics
#14
REVIEW
Cecilia S Robat, Melanie Ammersbach, Christoph Mans
Companion birds are increasingly living longer due to improved husbandry, nutrition, and veterinary care. As a consequence, a growing number of geriatric disease conditions are diagnosed and managed by veterinarians. Awareness of bird owners of diagnostic and treatment options for neoplastic diseases in humans and domestic animals has led to increasing demand to provide advanced diagnostic and treatment modalities for companion birds diagnosed with neoplasia. Treatment remains challenging in many companion birds due to the lack of information regarding prognosis and efficacy of antineoplastic treatments in these species...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888583/systematic-epidemiological-investigations-of-cases-of-senecavirus-a-in-us-swine-breeding-herds
#15
K L Baker, C Mowrer, A Canon, D C L Linhares, C Rademacher, L A Karriker, D J Holtkamp
Epidemiological investigations were conducted on a case series of six Senecavirus A (SVA)-affected breeding herds in the United States to determine potential routes of introduction and enhance the swine industry's knowledge of SVA's clinical presentation and spread. Each SVA-affected herd was evaluated using a standard form to ensure that all relevant data were collected. The form was used to guide a detailed discussion about the clinical presentation of SVA and risk events that occurred in the 4 weeks prior to the first observation of clinical signs with the herd veterinarian and farm personnel...
November 25, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884573/analysing-how-negative-emotions-emerge-and-are-addressed-in-veterinary-consultations-using-the-verona-coding-definitions-of-emotional-sequences-vr-codes
#16
Malou Vijfhuizen, Harold Bok, Susan M Matthew, Lidia Del Piccolo, Michelle McArthur
OBJECTIVE: To explore the applicability, need for modifications and reliability of the VR-CoDES in a veterinary setting while also gaining a deeper understanding of clients' expressions of negative emotion and how they are addressed by veterinarians. METHODS: The Verona Coding Definitions of Emotional Sequences for client cues and concerns (VR-CoDES-CC) and health provider responses (VR-CoDES-P) were used to analyse 20 audiotaped veterinary consultations. Inter-rater reliability was established...
November 3, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882744/transpalpebral-exenteration-in-cattle-a-retrospective-study-of-115-cases
#17
Munashe Chigerwe, John A Angelos, Lisa Gamsjäeger, Meera C Heller
OBJECTIVE: To describe the indications for exenteration and complications associated with the procedure. ANIMALS STUDIED: 115 cattle. PROCEDURES: Medical records of cattle presented for unilateral exenteration evaluated at the University of California, Davis Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital from January 1985 through December 2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: Median (range) age at presentation for all cattle was 6 (0.2-30) years...
November 24, 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876975/detection-of-cryptosporidium-spp-in-free-ranging-animals-of-tehran-iran
#18
Mehran Mirzaghavami, Javid Sadraei, Mehdi Forouzandeh
Cryptosporidium is a world widely distributed parasite which comparatively has a high prevalence in developing countries. The zoonotic potential of some Cryptosporidium species has made the cryptosporidiosis a significant concern to physicians and veterinarians. The occurrence and zoonotic potential of Cryptosporidium species in probable reservoir hosts for man infections was determined by examining faeces of symptomatic and asymptomatic animals. The aim of this study is to screen the presence of Cryptosporidium in fecal sample of free ranging animals in Tehran using Ziehl-Neelsen staining method...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876111/the-remarkable-dr-robertson
#19
Tansy C Hammarton
Muriel Robertson (1883-1973) was a pioneering protozoologist who made a staggering number of important contributions to the fields of parasitology, bacteriology and immunology during her career, which spanned nearly 60 years. These contributions were all the more remarkable given the scientific and social times in which she worked. While Muriel is perhaps best known for her work on the life cycle and transmission of the African trypanosome, Trypanosoma brucei, which she carried out in Uganda at the height of a major Sleeping Sickness epidemic, her work on the Clostridia during the First and Second World Wars made significant contributions to the understanding of anaerobes and to the development of anti-toxoid vaccines, and her work on the immunology of Trichomonas foetus infections in cattle, carried out in collaboration with the veterinarian W...
November 23, 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870069/suspected-myelodysplastic-myeloproliferative-neoplasm-in-a-feline-leukemia-virus-negative-cat
#20
Amy L Weeden, Kyle R Taylor, Scott P Terrell, Alexander E Gallagher, Heather L Wamsley
A 10-year-old castrated Domestic Short-Haired cat was presented to a primary care veterinarian for a wellness examination and laboratory examination for monitoring of diabetes mellitus. The CBC revealed marked thrombocytosis, leukopenia and macrocytic, normochromic anemia. The cat tested negative for FeLV and feline immunodeficiency virus, but was positive for Mycoplasma haemominutum by PCR. Hematologic abnormalities were not responsive to therapy, so a repeat CBC and a bone marrow aspiration for cytology were performed...
November 21, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
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