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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428958/debromoaplysiatoxin-as-the-causative-agent-of-dermatitis-in-a-dog-after-exposure-to-freshwater-in-california
#1
Birgit Puschner, Adrienne C Bautista, Chris Wong
Contamination of recreational waters with cyanobacterial toxins continues to increase and presents a risk to animals and humans. Although cases of acute hepato- and neurotoxicoses in dogs following cyanotoxin exposure exist, no reports of skin-related reactions in dogs exist. A 5-year-old female spayed 34 kg Bracco Italiano was initially presented for rapid onset of severe pruritus and urticaria. Marked excoriation and erythema were noted over the chest and neck, while urticaria was noted in the inguinal regions and ventral abdomen...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427454/cryptosporidium-and-giardia-in-africa-current-and-future-challenges
#2
REVIEW
Sylvia Afriyie Squire, Una Ryan
Cryptosporidium and Giardia are important causes of diarrhoeal illness. Adequate knowledge of the molecular diversity and geographical distribution of these parasites and the environmental and climatic variables that influence their prevalence is important for effective control of infection in at-risk populations, yet relatively little is known about the epidemiology of these parasites in Africa. Cryptosporidium is associated with moderate to severe diarrhoea and increased mortality in African countries and both parasites negatively affect child growth and development...
April 20, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421046/horses-in-denmark-are-a-reservoir-of-diverse-clones-of-methicillin-resistant-and-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus
#3
Md Zohorul Islam, Carmen Espinosa-Gongora, Peter Damborg, Raphael N Sieber, Rikke Munk, Louise Husted, Arshnee Moodley, Robert Skov, Jesper Larsen, Luca Guardabassi
Denmark is a country with high prevalence of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clonal complex (CC) 398 in pigs. Even though pig farming is regarded as the main source of human infection or colonization with MRSA CC398, 10-15% of the human cases appear not to be linked to pigs. Following the recent reports of MRSA CC398 in horses in other European countries and the lack of knowledge on S. aureus carriage in this animal species, we carried out a study to investigate whether horses constitute a reservoir of MRSA CC398 in Denmark, and to gain knowledge on the frequency and genetic diversity of S...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418090/natural-mortality-and-cause-of-death-analysis-of-the-captive-chimpanzee-pan-troglodytes-a-35-year-review
#4
REVIEW
Hannah Laurence, Shyamesh Kumar, Michael A Owston, Robert E Lanford, Gene B Hubbard, Edward J Dick
We present the spontaneous causes of mortality for 137 chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) over a 35-year period. A record review of the pathology database was performed and a primary cause of mortality was determined for each chimpanzee. The most common causes of mortality were as follows: cardiomyopathy (40% of all mortalities), stillbirth/abortion, acute myocardial necrosis, chimpanzee-induced trauma, amyloidosis, and pneumonia. Five morphologic diagnoses accounted for 61% of mortalities: cardiomyopathy, hemorrhage, acute myocardial necrosis, amyloidosis, and pneumonia...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414607/cardiac-arrest-in-an-american-cocker-spaniel-during-a-deep-ear-flush-procedure
#5
Alexandra Gould, Fernando L Garcia-Pereira, W Dunbar Gram
CASE DESCRIPTION A 14-year-old spayed female American Cocker Spaniel with bilateral otitis media and no evidence of cardiovascular instability was anesthetized to allow performance of a deep ear flush. CLINICAL FINDINGS Otoscopic examination of the left ear revealed evidence of chronic inflammation; the ear was flushed with sterile saline (0.9% NaCl) solution. Examination of the right ear revealed more severe chronic inflammation than in the left ear, including a ruptured tympanum (timing of rupture unknown)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410582/metronidazole-for-the-treatment-of-tritrichomonas-foetus-in-bulls
#6
David Love, Virginia R Fajt, Thomas Hairgrove, Meredyth Jones, James A Thompson
BACKGROUND: Tritrichomonas foetus is a sexually transmitted protozoon that causes reproductive failure, among cattle, so disruptive that many western US states have initiated control programs. Current control programs are based on the testing and exclusion of individual bulls. Unfortunately, these programs are utilizing screening tests that are lacking in sensitivity. Blanket treatment of all the exposed bulls and adequate sexual rest for the exposed cows could provide a more viable disease control option...
April 14, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407738/-why-won-t-they-just-vaccinate-horse-owner-risk-perception-and-uptake-of-the-hendra-virus-vaccine
#7
J Manyweathers, H Field, N Longnecker, K Agho, C Smith, M Taylor
BACKGROUND: Hendra virus is a paramyxovirus that causes periodic serious disease and fatalities in horses and humans in Australia first identified in 1994. Pteropid bats (commonly known as flying-foxes) are the natural host of the virus, and the putative route of infection in horses is by ingestion or inhalation of material contaminated by flying-fox urine or other bodily fluids. Humans become infected after close contact with infected horses. Horse owners in Australia are encouraged to vaccinate their horses against Hendra virus to reduce the risk of Hendra virus infection, and to prevent potential transmission to humans...
April 13, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403172/a-first-estimate-of-the-structure-and-density-of-the-populations-of-pet-cats-and-dogs-across-great-britain
#8
James Aegerter, David Fouracre, Graham C Smith
Policy development, implementation, and effective contingency response rely on a strong evidence base to ensure success and cost-effectiveness. Where this includes preventing the establishment or spread of zoonotic or veterinary diseases infecting companion cats and dogs, descriptions of the structure and density of the populations of these pets are useful. Similarly, such descriptions may help in supporting diverse fields of study such as; evidence-based veterinary practice, veterinary epidemiology, public health and ecology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400145/vaccination-of-cattle-against-bovine-viral-diarrhea-virus
#9
Benjamin W Newcomer, Manuel F Chamorro, Paul H Walz
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is responsible for significant losses to the cattle industry. Currently, modified-live viral (MLV) and inactivated viral vaccines are available against BVDV, often in combination with other viral and bacterial antigens. Inactivated and MLV vaccines provide cattle producers and veterinarians safe and efficacious options for herd immunization to limit disease associated with BVDV infection. Vaccination of young cattle against BVDV is motivated by prevention of clinical disease and limiting viral spread to susceptible animals...
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397024/performance-of-hepatitis-e-virus-hev-antibody-tests-a-comparative-analysis-based-on-samples-from-individuals-with-direct-contact-to-domestic-pigs-or-wild-boar-in-germany
#10
Frauke Mara Sommerkorn, Birgit Schauer, Thomas Schreiner, Helmut Fickenscher, Andi Krumbholz
In Europe, Hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 causes most human infections, and domestic pigs and wild boar represent the main reservoirs. Contact to these animals represents one source of human infection. However, interpretation of studies is challenged in the absence of a serological gold standard. Hence, this study compared results of different HEV immunoassays. Plasma samples from 139 individuals who had professional contact to pigs (veterinarians, meat inspectors, slaughterhouse workers; n = 114) or hunted regularly (n = 25) were tested with assays specific for HEV IgG, HEV IgM, HEV IgA, and total HEV immunoglobulin as well as for viral RNA...
April 10, 2017: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394404/comparing-immediate-type-food-allergy-in-humans-and-companion-animals-revealing-unmet-needs
#11
I Pali-Schöll, M De Lucia, H Jackson, J Janda, R S Mueller, E Jensen-Jarolim
Adverse food reactions occur in human as well as veterinary patients and systematic comparison may lead to improved recommendations for prevention and treatment in both. In this position paper, we summarize the current knowledge on immediate type food allergy versus other food-adverse reactions in companion animals, and compare this to the human situation. While the prevalence of food allergy in humans has been well studied for some allergens, this remains to be investigated for animal patients, where owner-reported as well as veterinarian-diagnosed food adverse reactions are on the increase...
April 10, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393736/detecting-lameness-in-sows-from-ear-tag-sampled-acceleration-data-using-wavelets
#12
C Scheel, I Traulsen, W Auer, K Müller, E Stamer, J Krieter
The objective of this study was to develop an automated monitoring system to detect lameness in group-housed sows early and reliably on the basis of acceleration data sampled from ear tags. To this end, acceleration data from ear tags were acquired from an experimental system deployed at the Futterkamp Agriculture Research Farm from May 2012 until November 2013. The developed method performs a wavelet transform for each individual sow's time series of total acceleration. Feature series are then computed by locally estimating the energy, variation and variance in a small moving window...
April 10, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392153/malignant-canine-mammary-tumours-preliminary-genomic-insights-using-oligonucleotide-array-comparative-genomic-hybridisation-analysis
#13
Marta Santos, Patrícia Dias-Pereira, Christina Williams, Carlos Lopes, Matthew Breen
Neoplastic mammary disease in female dogs represents a major health concern for dog owners and veterinarians, but the genomic basis of the disease is poorly understood. In this study, we performed high resolution oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridisation (oaCGH) to assess genome wide DNA copy number changes in 10 malignant canine mammary tumours from seven female dogs, including multiple tumours collected at one time from each of three female dogs. In all but two tumours, genomic imbalances were detected, with losses being more common than gains...
March 28, 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390724/effect-of-structural-animal-health-planning-on-antimicrobial-use-and-animal-health-variables-in-conventional-dairy-farming-in-the-netherlands
#14
David C Speksnijder, Haitske Graveland, Ineke A J M Eijck, René W M Schepers, Dick J J Heederik, Theo J M Verheij, Jaap A Wagenaar
Widespread veterinary use of antimicrobials might contribute to the increasing burden of antimicrobial resistance. Despite many successful efforts to reduce veterinary antimicrobial use in the Netherlands, antimicrobial use on a substantial number of farms has remained relatively high over the past few years. Farm-specific solutions are required to further lower antimicrobial use on these farms. Reducing the burden of animal diseases at the farm level by means of a structured approach to animal health planning could be promising...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390394/hypovitaminosis-d-is-associated-with-negative-outcome-in-dogs-with-protein-losing-enteropathy-a-retrospective-study-of-43-cases
#15
K Allenspach, J Rizzo, A E Jergens, Y M Chang
BACKGROUND: Hypovitaminosis D has previously been shown to be prevalent amongst dogs with protein losing enteropathy (PLE). The hypothesis of this study was that Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH) D) serum concentrations could be a risk factor for negative outcome in dogs with PLE. Forty-three dogs diagnosed with PLE (2005-2014) and which serum Vitamin D serum concentrations were collected and archived at -80 Degrees C were analyzed. Post-diagnostic communication with referring veterinarians was made to determine outcome of PLE dogss: Dogs which died due to PLE within 4 months after diagnosis (negative outcome group, n = 22) and dogs alive or which died due to another disease at the end point of the study (1 year after diagnosis, good outcome group, n = 21)...
April 8, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380534/animal-behavior-and-well-being-symposium-the-common-swine-industry-audit-future-steps-to-assure-positive-on-farm-animal-welfare-utilizing-validated-repeatable-and-feasible-animal-based-measures
#16
M Pairis-Garcia, S J Moeller
The Common Swine Industry Audit (CSIA) was developed and scientifically evaluated through the combined efforts of a task force consisting of university scientists, veterinarians, pork producers, packers, processers, and retail and food service personnel to provide stakeholders throughout the pork chain with a consistent, reliable, and verifiable system to ensure on-farm swine welfare and food safety. The CSIA tool was built from the framework of the Pork Quality Assurance Plus (PQA Plus) site assessment program with the purpose of developing a single, common audit platform for the U...
March 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380134/quality-of-life-score-as-a-predictor-of-death-in-dogs-with-degenerative-mitral-valve-disease
#17
Célia M C Strunz, Mário Marcondes-Santos, Julio Yoshio Takada, Fernanda S Fragata, Antônio de Pádua Mansur
Background: The knowledge of the variables predicting mortality is important in clinical practice and for therapeutic monitoring in mitral valve disease. Objectives: To determine whether a quality of life score evaluated with the Functional Evaluation of Cardiac Health questionnaire would predict mortality in dogs with degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD). Methods: Thirty-six client-owned dogs with mitral valve disease underwent clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic evaluations at baseline and were monitored for 6 months...
March 30, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378464/luteal-activity-and-effect-of-dietary-energy-restriction-on-follicular-development-in-lactating-cows
#18
A Comin, T Peric, M Montillo, A Cappa, V Marchi, M C Veronesi, A Prandi
The aim of this research has been to evaluate the presence of anomalies in the ovarian cycle activity during postpartum and to verify whether 72-hr dietary fasting during the dominance phase, the phase before ovulation, might modify the ovarian follicle population. The presence of anomalies in ovarian cycle activity has been evaluated in 30 Italian Friesian cows starting from 20 days postpartum until 211 days of lactation. Long oestrus and brief dioestrus or scarce luteal activity have been the main anomalies found through measuring progesterone concentrations in the whey...
April 4, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375072/evaluating-the-quality-of-veterinary-students-experiences-of-learning-in-clinics
#19
Susan M Matthew, Robert A Ellis, Rosanne M Taylor
Educators seeking to evaluate the quality of students' experiences of clinic-based learning (CBL) face a challenging task. CBL programs provide multiple opportunities for learning and aim to develop a wide range of skills, knowledge, and capacities. While direct observation of learners provides important information about students' proficiency in performing various clinical tasks, more comprehensive measures are required to unpack and identify factors relating to practice readiness as a whole. This study identified variables that have a logical and statistically significant association with learning outcomes across the broad range of attributes expected of new graduate veterinarians...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375070/teaching-tip-improving-students-email-communication-through-an-integrated-writing-assignment-in-a-third-year-toxicology-course
#20
April A Kedrowicz, Sarah Hammond, David C Dorman
Client communication is important for success in veterinary practice, with written communication being an important means for veterinarian-client information sharing. Effective communication is adapted to clients' needs and wants, and presents information in a clear, understandable manner while accounting for varying degrees of client health literacy. This teaching tip describes the use of a mock electronic mail assignment as one way to integrate writing into a required veterinary toxicology course. As part of this project, we provide baseline data relating to students' written communication that will guide further development of writing modules in other curricula...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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