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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767099/growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-antioxidant-capacity-blood-biochemical-biomarkers-and-cytokines-expression-in-broiler-chickens-fed-different-phytogenic-levels
#1
Vasileios Paraskeuas, Konstantinos Fegeros, Irida Palamidi, Christine Hunger, Konstantinos C Mountzouris
The effects of inclusion levels of a phytogenic feed additive (PFA), characterized by menthol anethol and eugenol, on broiler growth performance, nutrient digestibility, biochemical biomarkers and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of plasma and meat, as well as on the relative expression of selected cytokines, were studied in a 42-d experiment. A total of 225 one-day-old male Cobb broiler chickens were assigned into 3 treatments, with 5 replicates of 15 chickens each. Chickens were fed maize-soybean meal basal diets following a 3 phase (i...
June 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745297/sperm-associated-antigen-9-spag9-a-promising-therapeutic-target-of-ovarian-carcinoma
#2
Nirmala Jagadish, Rukhsar Fatima, Aditi Sharma, Sonika Devi, Vitusha Suri, Vikash Kumar, Anil Suri
SPAG9 is a novel tumor associated antigen, expressed in variety of malignancies. However, its role in ovarian cancer remains unexplored. SPAG9 expression was validated in ovarian cancer cells by real time PCR and Western blot. SPAG9 involvement in cell cycle, DNA damage, apoptosis, paclitaxel sensitivity and epithelial- mesenchymal transition (EMT) was investigated employing RNA interference approach. Combinatorial effect of SPAG9 ablation and paclitaxel treatment was evaluated in in vitro. Quantitative PCR and Western blot analysis revealed SPAG9 expression in A10, SKOV-3 and Caov3 compared to normal ovarian epithelial cells...
May 2018: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716879/report-comparison-of-qualitative-quantitative-analysis-and-antioxidant-potential-between-wild-and-cultivated-borago-officinalis-leaves-from-palestine
#3
Hassan Abu-Qaoud, Nuha Shawarb, Fatima Hussen, Nidal Jaradat, Munqez Shtaya
Borago officinalis plant is an important plant of high medicinal and nutritional values. This study designed to evaluate antioxidant activity, screen the existence of phytogenic chemical compounds and to determine the total flavonoid and phenol contents of wild and cultivated Borago officinalis. Total flavonoid contents of the wild and cultivated Borago officinalis were determined by using rutin reference standard method and total phenols determined by using Folin Ciocalteu's method while antioxidant activity evaluated by using 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate assay...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685442/corrigendum-to-influence-of-phytogenic-feed-additive-on-lawsonia-intracellularis-infection-in-pigs-preventive-vet-med-151-46-51
#4
Vladimir Draskovic, Jasna Bosnjak-Neumuller, Marko Vasiljevic, Branko Petrujkic, Nevenka Aleksic, Vladimir Kukolj, Zoran Stanimirovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682522/tannins-and-bacitracin-differentially-modulate-gut-microbiota-of-broiler-chickens
#5
Juan María Díaz Carrasco, Enzo Alejandro Redondo, Natalia Daniela Pin Viso, Leandro Martin Redondo, Marisa Diana Farber, Mariano Enrique Fernández Miyakawa
Antibiotic growth promoters have been used for decades in poultry farming as a tool to maintain bird health and improve growth performance. Global concern about the recurrent emergence and spreading of antimicrobial resistance is challenging the livestock producers to search for alternatives to feed added antibiotics. The use of phytogenic compounds appears as a feasible option due to their ability to emulate the bioactive properties of antibiotics. However, detailed description about the effects of in-feed antibiotics and alternative natural products on chicken intestinal microbiota is lacking...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532373/effect-of-dietary-phytogenics-herbal-mixture-supplementation-on-growth-performance-nutrient-utilization-antioxidative-properties-and-immune-response-in-broilers
#6
Ahmed A Saleh, Tarek A Ebeid, Alaeldein M Abudabos
This experiment was conducted to study that effect of a phytogenics (herbal mixture) supplementation as alternative to antibiotics on the growth performance and immune response in broilers. Three thousand broiler male chicks at 1 day of age were housed in floor pens and divided into five experimental groups with five replicates of 120 birds each. The first group was fed the basal diet without any additive in feed or water; the second group was fed the basal diet, and the drinking water was supplemented with mixture of antibiotics (Doxycycline 1 g/5 L + Colistine sulfate 1 g/5 L) for the first 10 days of life...
March 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496105/influence-of-phytogenic-feed-additive-on-lawsonia-intracellularis-infection-in-pigs
#7
Vladimir Draskovic, Jasna Bosnjak-Neumuller, Marko Vasiljevic, Branko Petrujkic, Nevenka Aleksic, Vladimir Kukolj, Zoran Stanimirovic
Lawsonia intracellularis is known to cause proliferative enteropathy (PE), one of the economically most important swine diseases with global distribution. Not unlike other enteric diseases, PE is a frequent indication for antibiotic therapy. However, their unjustified use leads to an emerging problem - antimicrobial resistance. Thus, the aim of this research was to assess if a phytogenic additive may replace antibiotics in the control of PE in 144 weaned piglets (72 treated and 72 controls) naturally infected with L...
March 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345396/performance-rumen-fermentation-and-blood-metabolites-of-dairy-calves-fed-starter-mixtures-supplemented-with-herbal-plants-essential-oils-or-monensin
#8
M Akbarian-Tefaghi, E Ghasemi, M Khorvash
This study evaluated the supplementation effects of three herbal plants (thyme [THY], eucalyptus [EUC] and celery [CEL]), a commercial phytogenic additive ‎containing essential oils (PFA-EO, Digestarom® P.E.P.) and monensin (MON) in calf starter on performance, rumen fermentation and blood metabolites during pre- (days 3-55) and post-weaning (days 56-70). Sixty-six Holstein dairy calves (3 days of age, 41.2 ± 3 kg of BW) were allocated to one of six starters supplemented with: (i) no additives (CON), (ii) MON (30 mg/kg), (iii) THY (23 g/kg), (iv) CEL (23 g/kg), (v) EUC (23 g/kg) and (vi) PFA-EO (3 g/kg)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331466/high-grain-diets-supplemented-with-phytogenic-compounds-or-autolyzed-yeast-modulate-ruminal-bacterial-community-and-fermentation-in-dry-cows
#9
V Neubauer, R Petri, E Humer, I Kröger, E Mann, N Reisinger, M Wagner, Q Zebeli
The feeding of concentrate-rich diets may lead to microbial imbalances and dysfermentation in the rumen. The main objective of this study was to determine the effects of supplementing phytogenic compounds (PHY) or autolyzed yeast (AY) on rumen fermentation and microbial abundance in cows intermittently fed concentrate-rich diets. The experiment was carried out as an incomplete 3 × 4 Latin square design, with 8 nonlactating rumen-fistulated Holstein-Friesian cows. The cows were randomly assigned to a concentrate diet that was either not supplemented (CON), or supplemented with PHY or AY...
March 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304291/genome-wide-identification-and-expression-analysis-of-the-calax-and-capin-gene-families-in-pepper-capsicum-annuum-l-under-various-abiotic-stresses-and-hormone-treatments
#10
Chenghao Zhang, Wenqi Dong, Zong-An Huang, MyeongCheoul Cho, Qingcang Yu, Chuanyu Wu, Chenliang Yu
Auxin plays key roles in regulating plant growth and development as well as in response to environmental stresses. The intercellular transport of auxin is mediated by the following four gene families: ATP-binding cassette family B (ABCB), auxin resistant1/like aux1 (AUX/LAX), PIN-formed (PIN), and PIN-like (PILS). Here, the latest assembled pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) genome was used to characterise and analyse the CaLAX and CaPIN gene families. Genome-wide investigations into these families, including chromosomal distributions, phytogenic relationships, and intron/exon structures, were performed...
February 2018: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182728/an-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-aloe-vera-and-licorice-extracts-on-the-course-of-experimental-pigeon-paramyxovirus-type-1-infection-in-pigeons
#11
D Dziewulska, T Stenzel, M Smialek, B Tykalowski, A Koncicki
The progressive decrease in the efficiency of synthetic drugs has prompted research into phytogenic feed additives with potentially immunomodulatory and anti-infective properties. Complex diseases with a mixed etiology, including viral, pose a growing problem in domestic pigeons. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of various doses of aloe vera and licorice extracts on the course of experimental PPMV-1 infection in pigeons. The experiment was performed on pigeons divided into 5 groups, including one control group and 4 experimental groups, which were orally administered aloe vera or licorice extracts at 300 or 500 mg/kg BW for 7 d after experimental inoculation with PPMV-1...
February 1, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153519/invited-review-practical-feeding-management-recommendations-to-mitigate-the-risk-of-subacute-ruminal-acidosis-in-dairy-cattle
#12
E Humer, R M Petri, J R Aschenbach, B J Bradford, G B Penner, M Tafaj, K-H Südekum, Q Zebeli
Rumen health is of vital importance in ensuring healthy and efficient dairy cattle production. Current feeding programs for cattle recommend concentrate-rich diets to meet the high nutritional needs of cows during lactation and enhance cost-efficiency. These diets, however, can impair rumen health. The term "subacute ruminal acidosis" (SARA) is often used as a synonym for poor rumen health. In this review, we first describe the physiological demands of cattle for dietary physically effective fiber...
February 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077887/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-with-enzymatically-treated-artemisia-annua-on-growth-performance-intestinal-morphology-digestive-enzyme-activities-immunity-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-heat-stressed-broilers
#13
Z H Song, K Cheng, X C Zheng, H Ahmad, L L Zhang, T Wang
The gastrointestinal tract is considered as one of the main target organs affected by heat stress. Phytogenic feed additives containing phenolics and flavonoids can improve the resistance of broilers to heat stress. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation with enzymatically treated Artemisia annua (EA) on growth performance, intestinal morphology, digestive enzyme activities, immunity and antioxidant capacity of broilers challenged with heat stress. One hundred and forty-four 21-day-old male Arbor Acres broilers were randomly distributed into 3 treatments: 1) non-challenged control (CON); 2) heat-stress-challenged control (HS); and 3) heat-stress-challenged group + 1 g EA/kg diet (HS-EA)...
February 1, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032525/determinants-of-serum-organochlorine-pesticide-and-polychlorinated-biphenyl-levels-in-middle-aged-korean-adults
#14
Jun-Tae Kim, Jung-Ho Kang, Yoon-Seok Chang, Duk-Hee Lee, Sung-Deuk Choi
The serum levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in a middle-aged Korean population and investigated associations with age, gender, body mass index (BMI), metabolic syndrome (MS), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and dietary habits. The median concentrations of 22 OCPs and 34 PCBs in the serum samples were 483 and 216 ng g-1 lipid, respectively. The most abundant compound was p,p'-DDE, followed by PCB 153, β-HCH, PCB 118, and PCB 180. The results of multiple linear regression and other statistical analyses revealed that serum OCP and PCB levels were higher in women and were positively correlated with age...
January 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964521/modulation-of-chewing-behavior-and-reticular-ph-in-nonlactating-cows-challenged-with-concentrate-rich-diets-supplemented-with-phytogenic-compounds-and-autolyzed-yeast
#15
I Kröger, E Humer, V Neubauer, N Reisinger, S Aditya, Q Zebeli
Feeding of concentrate-rich diets impairs chewing behavior and leads to rumen acidosis in cattle. Because of their modulatory effects on ruminal fermentation, phytogenic compounds (PHY) and autolyzed yeast derivatives (AY) may alleviate the negative consequences of high-concentrate diets. Therefore, this research investigated if chewing behavior and the reticular pH dynamics are modulated by AY and PHY supplementation during repeated concentrate-rich challenges used to simulate intermittent rumen acidotic insults...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948048/effect-of-prunus-armeniaca-seed-extract-on-health-survivability-antioxidant-blood-biochemical-and-immune-status-of-broiler-chickens-at-high-altitude-cold-desert
#16
Sahil Kalia, Vijay K Bharti, Arup Giri, Bhuvnesh Kumar
Extreme climatic conditions and hypobaric hypoxia at high altitude hinders the growth and productivity of chickens. The present study was carried out to examine the effect of aqueous extract of Prunus armeniaca seeds on health, survivability, antioxidants, plasma biochemical parameters, and immune status of broiler chickens at high altitude. Phytochemical analysis of extract revealed the presence of high phenolics, flavonoids, and carotenoids contents. Before the in vivo study, in vitro efficacy evaluation indicated a significant protective effect of the extract in chicken peripheral blood lymphocytes...
November 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852951/effects-of-golpar-heracleum-persicum-desf-and-probiotics-in-drinking-water-on-performance-carcass-characteristics-organ-weights-blood-plasma-constituents-and-immunity-of-broilers
#17
Ali Jamshidparvar, Faramin Javandel, Alireza Seidavi, Francisco Peña Blanco, Andrés L Martínez Marín, Carmen Avilés Ramírez, Estrella Agüera Buendía, Nieves Núñez-Sánchez
Increasing levels of Heracleum persicum (golpar) in drinking water were studied in broilers. Two hundred and forty-one-day-old male chickens were allocated to one of six treatments: control, without added phytogenics nor probiotics in drinking water, and probiotics at recommended manufacturer's level (P) or 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 ml/l of golpar extract solution (G1, G1.5, G2, and G2.5 treatments, respectively) in drinking water. As a result of this study, no linear or quadratic trends in the feed intake (FI) and feed conversion rate (FCR) due to golpar supplementation were found...
October 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803552/effect-of-acaricidal-components-isolated-from-lettuce-lactuca-sativa-on-carmine-spider-mite-tetranychus-cinnabarinus-boisd
#18
M Li, Y Zhang, W Ding, J Luo, S Li, Q Zhang
This study aimed to evaluate the acaricidal activity of lettuce (Lactuca sativa) extracts against carmine spider mites (Tetranychus cinnabarinus Boisd.) and isolate the acaricidal components. Acaricidal activities of lettuce extracts isolated from different parts (the leaf, root and seed) using various solvents (petroleum ether, acetone and methanol) were evaluated with slide-dip bioassay and relatively high median lethal concentration (LC50) values were detected. Acetone extracts of lettuce leaves harvested in July and September were fractionated and isolated with silica gel and thin-layer chromatography...
August 14, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722406/possible-molecular-mechanisms-by-which-an-essential-oil-blend-from-star-anise-rosemary-thyme-and-oregano-and-saponins-increase-the-performance-and-ileal-protein-digestibility-of-growing-broilers
#19
Henry Reyer, Jürgen Zentek, Klaus Männer, Ibrahim M I Youssef, Tobias Aumiller, Julian Weghuber, Klaus Wimmers, Andreas S Mueller
Phytogenic feed additives represent a potential alternative to antibiotics with attributed health and growth-promoting effects. Chickens supplemented with an essential oil blend, a Quillaja saponin blend, or a combination of both phytogenic preparations showed a comprehensively and significantly improved apparent ileal digestibility of crude protein and amino acids compared to control birds. Accordingly, holistic transcriptomic analyses of jejunum and liver samples indicated alterations of macromolecule transporters and processing pathways likely culminating in an increased uptake and metabolizing of carbohydrates and fatty acids...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532523/immune-responses-intestinal-microbiota-performance-and-blood-characteristics-of-japanese-quail-fed-on-diets-containing-camphor
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A Sedaghat, M A Karimi Torshizi
This study aimed to investigate the effect of supplemental camphor on the performance and immune functions of Japanese quail by feeding graded levels (0 (control), 250, 500, 750, 1000, 5000 or 10 000 ppm) of camphor during a 42-day feeding trial. In all, 280 1-day-old quail chicks were randomly assigned into 28 cages of 10 chicks each with separate feeders. The results clearly demonstrated that camphor did not have a significant effect on BW, BW gain, total experimental average daily feed intake, feed conversion ratio, internal organ relative weights and biochemical parameters such as uric acid, albumin, total protein and triglyceride; however, plasma cholesterol concentration was significantly different in a linear manner, in which 500 ppm of camphor resulted in a lower level of cholesterol...
December 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
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