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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803552/effect-of-acaricidal-components-isolated-from-lettuce-lactuca-sativa-on-carmine-spider-mite-tetranychus-cinnabarinus-boisd
#1
M Li, Y Zhang, W Ding, J Luo, S Li, Q Zhang
This study aimed to evaluate the acaricidal activity of lettuce (Lactuca sativa) extracts against carmine spider mites (Tetranychus cinnabarinus Boisd.) and isolate the acaricidal components. Acaricidal activities of lettuce extracts isolated from different parts (the leaf, root and seed) using various solvents (petroleum ether, acetone and methanol) were evaluated with slide-dip bioassay and relatively high median lethal concentration (LC50) values were detected. Acetone extracts of lettuce leaves harvested in July and September were fractionated and isolated with silica gel and thin-layer chromatography...
August 14, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722406/possible-molecular-mechanisms-by-which-an-essential-oil-blend-from-star-anise-rosemary-thyme-and-oregano-and-saponins-increase-the-performance-and-ileal-protein-digestibility-of-growing-broilers
#2
Henry Reyer, Jürgen Zentek, Klaus Männer, Ibrahim M I Youssef, Tobias Aumiller, Julian Weghuber, Klaus Wimmers, Andreas S Mueller
Phytogenic feed additives represent a potential alternative to antibiotics with attributed health and growth-promoting effects. Chickens supplemented with an essential oil blend, a Quillaja saponin blend, or a combination of both phytogenic preparations showed a comprehensively and significantly improved apparent ileal digestibility of crude protein and amino acids compared to control birds. Accordingly, holistic transcriptomic analyses of jejunum and liver samples indicated alterations of macromolecule transporters and processing pathways likely culminating in an increased uptake and metabolizing of carbohydrates and fatty acids...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532523/immune-responses-intestinal-microbiota-performance-and-blood-characteristics-of-japanese-quail-fed-on-diets-containing-camphor
#3
A Sedaghat, M A Karimi Torshizi
This study aimed to investigate the effect of supplemental camphor on the performance and immune functions of Japanese quail by feeding graded levels (0 (control), 250, 500, 750, 1000, 5000 or 10 000 ppm) of camphor during a 42-day feeding trial. In all, 280 1-day-old quail chicks were randomly assigned into 28 cages of 10 chicks each with separate feeders. The results clearly demonstrated that camphor did not have a significant effect on BW, BW gain, total experimental average daily feed intake, feed conversion ratio, internal organ relative weights and biochemical parameters such as uric acid, albumin, total protein and triglyceride; however, plasma cholesterol concentration was significantly different in a linear manner, in which 500 ppm of camphor resulted in a lower level of cholesterol...
May 23, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485263/alternatives-to-antibiotics-for-maximizing-growth-performance-and-feed-efficiency-in-poultry-a-review
#4
U Gadde, W H Kim, S T Oh, Hyun S Lillehoj
With the increase in regulations regarding the use of antibiotic growth promoters and the rise in consumer demand for poultry products from 'Raised Without Antibiotics' or 'No Antibiotics Ever' flocks, the quest for alternative products or approaches has intensified in recent years. A great deal of research has focused on the development of antibiotic alternatives to maintain or improve poultry health and performance. This review describes the potential for the various alternatives available to increase animal productivity and help poultry perform to their genetic potential under existing commercial conditions...
May 9, 2017: Animal Health Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476985/size-dependent-effects-of-antifungal-phytogenic-silver-nanoparticles-on-germination-growth-and-biochemical-parameters-of-rice-oryza-sativa-l-maize-zea-mays-l-and-peanut-arachis-hypogaea-l
#5
Tollamadugu N V K V Prasad, Shaik Adam, Pasupuleti Visweswara Rao, Balam Ravindra Reddy, Thimmavajjula Giridhara Krishna
Advancement in materials synthesis largely depends up on their diverse applications and commercialisation. Antifungal effects of phytogenic silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were evident, but the reports on the effects of the same on agricultural crops are scant. Herein, we report for the first time, size dependent effects of phytogenic AgNPs (synthesised using Stevia rebaudiana leaf extract) on the germination, growth and biochemical parameters of three important agricultural crops viz., rice (Oryza sativa L), maize (Zea mays L) and peanut (Arachis hypogaea L)...
April 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386582/preliminary-phytochemical-screening-quantitative-analysis-of-alkaloids-and-antioxidant-activity-of-crude-plant-extracts-from-ephedra-intermedia-indigenous-to-balochistan
#6
Rahman Gul, Syed Umer Jan, Syed Faridullah, Samiullah Sherani, Nusrat Jahan
The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant activity, screening the phytogenic chemical compounds, and to assess the alkaloids present in the E. intermedia to prove its uses in Pakistani folk medicines for the treatment of asthma and bronchitis. Antioxidant activity was analyzed by using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate assay. Standard methods were used for the identification of cardiac glycosides, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, anthraquinones, and alkaloids. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used for quantitative purpose of ephedrine alkaloids in E...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076773/thymol-detection-and-quantitation-by-solid-phase-microextraction-in-faeces-and-egg-yolk-of-japanese-quail
#7
María E Fernandez, Marcela A Palacio, María C Labaque
To measure bioavailability of the active ingredients of phytogenic feed additives in poultry products and subproducts is a key element for developing a rational understanding of its mode of action and biological effects. Hence, we validated a headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) technique followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry as an analytical extraction procedure and as method for detection and quantitation of 2-Isopropyl-5-methylphenol (thymol) in faeces and egg yolk of quail. The suitability of this method for thymol analysis in both matrices was first proved via linearity, limit of detection, limit of quantification, and recovery using m-cresol as internal standard...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010157/evaluation-of-immune-response-in-challenged-chickens-vaccinated-with-newcastle-disease-vaccine-using-gums-from-cedrela-odorata-and-khaya-senegalensis-as-delivery-agents
#8
V O Oyebanji, B O Emikpe, A Oladele Omolade, M O Odeniyi, A Salami, O I Osowole, O B Kasali, O A Akinboade
Immune response of challenged chickens following previous vaccinations with Newcastle disease vaccine using gums from Cedrela odorata and Khaya senegalensis as delivery agent were evaluated. Two hundred and fifty-two one-day old chickens were divided into vaccine-gum oral (GVOR), vaccine-gum ocular (GVOC), vaccine oral (VOR), vaccine ocular (VOC), gum oral (GOR), gum ocular (GOC), No-gum-no-vaccine/challenged (NGNV/C), and No-gum-no-vaccine/unchallenged (NGNV/U) groups. They were vaccinated at days 21 & 42 and challenged at day 84...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976196/determination-of-anti-oxidative-effects-of-phytogenic-substances-using-a-porcine-epithelial-cell-culture-model
#9
T Kaschubek, E Mayer, G Schatzmayr, K Teichmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976178/essential-oils-from-caraway-oregano-and-thyme-as-phytogenic-substances-to-enhance-gut-health-in-a-porcine-epithelial-cell-culture-model
#10
E Mayer, A Springler, J Stelzer, B Novak, G Schatzmayr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956768/influence-of-drinking-water-containing-aloe-vera-aloe-barbadensis-miller-gel-on-growth-performance-intestinal-microflora-and-humoral-immune-responses-of-broilers
#11
Meisam Shokraneh, Gholamreza Ghalamkari, Majid Toghyani, Nasir Landy
AIM: The risk of bacteria resistance to specific antibiotics possibly by continuous subtherapeutical administration of antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) in poultry feed led to a ban on the use of AGP in poultry production. As a result of this ban, alternative substances for poultry growth promotion and disease prevention are being investigated, among which phytogenic and herbal products have received increased attention as natural additives because they have been accepted by consumers as natural additives...
November 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909913/plant-extracts-as-phytogenic-additives-considering-intake-digestibility-and-feeding-behavior-of-sheep
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Camila Sousa da Silva, Evaristo Jorge Oliveira de Souza, Gerfesson Felipe Cavalcanti Pereira, Edwilka Oliveira Cavalcante, Ewerton Ivo Martins de Lima, Thaysa Rodrigues Torres, José Ricardo Coelho da Silva, Daniel Cézar da Silva
The objective was to evaluate the intake, digestibility, and ingestive sheep behavior with feeding phytogenic additives derived from plant extracts. Five non-emasculated sheep without defined breed at 28 ± 1.81 kg initial body weight and 6 months age were used. Treatments consisted of administering four phytogenic additives from the garlic extracts, coriander seed, oregano, and pods of mesquite, plus a control treatment (without additive). The ration was composed of Tifton 85 hay grass, corn, soybean meal, and mineral salt...
February 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855623/phytogenic-polyphenols-as-glycogen-phosphorylase-inhibitors-the-potential-of-triterpenes-and-flavonoids-for-glycaemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes
#13
REVIEW
Demetres D Leonidas, Joseph M Hayes, Atsushi Kato, Vassiliki T Skamnaki, Demetra S M Chatzileontiadou, Anastassia L Kantsadi, Efthimios Kyriakis, Ben A Chetter, George A Stravodimos
Glycogen phosphorylase (GP) is a validated pharmaceutical target for the development of antihyperglycaemic agents. Phytogenic polyphenols, mainly flavonoids and pentacyclic triterpenes, have been found to be potent inhibitors of GP. These compounds have both pharmaceutical and nutraceutical potential for glycemic control in diabetes type 2. This review focuses mainly on the most successful (potent) of these compounds discovered to date. The protein-ligand interactions that form the structural basis of their potencies are discussed, highlighting the potential for exploitation of their scaffolds in the future design of new GP inhibitors...
2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737795/mycotoxin-detoxifiers-attenuate-deoxynivalenol-induced-pro-inflammatory-barrier-insult-in-porcine-enterocytes-as-an-in-vitro-evaluation-model-of-feed-mycotoxin-reduction
#14
Seong-Hwan Park, Juil Kim, Dongwook Kim, Yuseok Moon
Deoxynivalenol (DON), the most prevalent mycotoxin worldwide, leads to economic losses for animal food production. Swine is a most sensitive domestic animal to DON due to rapid absorption and low detoxification by gut microbiota. Specifically, DON can severely damage pig intestinal tissue by disrupting the intestinal barrier and inducing inflammatory responses. We evaluated the effects of several mycotoxin detoxifiers including bentonites, yeast cell wall components, and mixture-typed detoxifier composed of mineral, microorganisms, and phytogenic substances on DON-insulted intestinal barrier and pro-inflammatory responses using in vitro porcine enterocyte culture model...
February 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678135/effects-of-dietary-mixture-of-garlic-allium-sativum-coriander-coriandrum-sativum-and-probiotics-on-immune-responses-and-caecal-counts-in-young-laying-hens
#15
J S Lee, M J Kim, S H Park, S B Lee, T Wang, U S Jung, J Im, E J Kim, K W Lee, H G Lee
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a combined mixture of phytogenic extracts (garlic and coriander) and probiotics on growth performance and immune responses in laying hens based on the results of in vitro studies to screen for immunomodulatory potency of each ingredient. Several parameters of immunomodulatory potency were estimated using lamina propria leucocytes (LPLs) isolated from rat intestinal mucosa tissue. Results show that the combined mixture enhanced LPLs proliferation, increased LPL-mediated cytotoxicity against YAC-1 tumour cells, and decreased lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cytokine production including tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in LPLs...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676384/evaluation-of-the-wound-healing-efficacy-of-chemical-and-phytogenic-silver-nanoparticles
#16
Sreevani Pothireddy, Adilaxmamma Kaliki, Alpha Raj Mekapogu, Muralidhar Yegireddy, Eswara Prasad Pagadala, Tollamadugu Naga Venkata Krishna Vara Prasad
Wound healing requires a series of cellular events and a cascade of co-ordinated and systemic biochemical events. Silver nanoparticles possess many beneficial properties for wound management including antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and pro-healing properties. In this study, the authors investigated the wound healing properties of Cinnamomum verum extract mediated nanosilver (CENS) particles in comparison with 1% povidone iodine, citrate mediate NS and CE treatments. The topical application of CENS showed good antibacterial activity and accelerated wound healing with complete epithelialisation and normal re-growth of hair in all three models of study: namely, excision, incision and dead space models in rats compared with all other treatments...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664723/phytogenic-synthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-optimization-and-evaluation-of-in-vitro-antifungal-activity-against-human-and-plant-pathogens
#17
P Balashanmugam, M D Balakumaran, R Murugan, K Dhanapal, P T Kalaichelvan
An attempt was made to synthesis of biocompatible silver nanoparticles from ten different Cassia spp. Among them, Cassia roxburghii aqueous leaf extract supported the synthesis of highly efficient and stable AgNPs. The synthesis of AgNPs was optimized at different physico-chemical condition and highly stable AgNPs were synthesized with 1.0mL of C. roxburghii leaf extract, pH 7.0, 1.0mM AgNO3 and at 37°C. The synthesized AgNPs were characterized by XPS, DLS and ZETA potential. DLS and ZETA potential analysis, the average AgNPs size was 35nm and the zeta potential was -18...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646442/the-effect-of-phytogenic-feed-additives-to-substitute-in-feed-antibiotics-on-growth-traits-and-blood-biochemical-parameters-in-broiler-chicks-challenged-with-salmonella-typhimurium
#18
Alaeldein M Abudabos, Abdullah H Alyemni, Yousif M Dafalla, Rifat Ullah Khan
There is a growing concern over the use of antibiotics due to the increased resistance of pathogens in broiler. The present study was designed to find the comparative effect of an antibiotic, and some phytogenic on performance traits, blood biochemical parameters, and antioxidant status during starter phase exposed to Salmonella typhimurium challenge. A total of 560-day-old broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly allocated to seven treatments (eight replicates). Control (basal diet); T1, infected with Salmonella enterica subsp...
December 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547664/ex-vivo-evaluation-of-the-mucoadhesive-properties-of-cedrela-odorata-and-khaya-senegalensis-gums-with-possible-applications-for-veterinary-vaccine-delivery
#19
Benjamin O Emikpe, Victor O Oyebanji, Michael A Odeniyi, Adebayo M Salaam, Omolade A Oladele, Theophilus A Jarikre, Oluwole A Akinboade
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the interaction of bioadhesives with biologic tissues for veterinary application. Hence, this study evaluates the mucoadhesive property and vaccine delivery properties of polymers from phytogenic origin. Gums from Cedrela odorata and Khaya senegalensis were harvested, purified, dried and compressed into 500 mg tablets individually and in combined ratios. The time taken for these tablets, placed on freshly excised (5 × 5 cm) trachea and duodenal tissues of cattle, chicken, pig, sheep and goat and fastened to the basket end of a tablet dissolution machine probe set at 50 rev/min in a phosphate buffer 6...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236593/precision-obesity-treatments-including-pharmacogenetic-and-nutrigenetic-approaches
#20
REVIEW
Maite Solas, Fermin I Milagro, Diego Martínez-Urbistondo, Maria J Ramirez, J Alfredo Martínez
Five pharmaceutical strategies are currently approved by the US FDA for the treatment of obesity: orlistat, lorcaserin, liraglutide, phentermine/topiramate, and bupropion/naltrexone. The most effective treatment seems to be the combined administration of phentermine/topiramate followed by lorcaserin and bupropion/naltrexone. In relation to the management of excessive weight, other aspects also need to be considered, including comorbidities accompanying obesity, drug interactions, and the risk of negative collateral effects, as well as individualized treatments based on the genetic make-up...
July 2016: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
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