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Yung-Che Chen, Meng-Chih Lin, Chih-Hung Lee, Shih-Feng Liu, Chin-Chou Wang, Wen-Feng Fang, Tung-Ying Chao, Chao-Chien Wu, Yu-Feng Wei, Huang-Chih Chang, Chia-Cheng Tsen, Hung-Chen Chen
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists in previous studies on macrophage M1/M2 polarization in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We hypothesized that formyl peptide receptor (FPR), a marker of efferocytosis and mediator of M1/M2 polarization, may be involved in the development of COPD. METHODS: We examined FPR 1/2/3 expressions of blood M1/M2a monocyte, neutrophil, natural killer (NK) cell, NK T cell, T helper (Th) cell, and T cytotoxic (Tc) cell by flowcytometry method in 40 patients with cigarette smoking-related COPD and 16 healthy non-smokers...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Elena Blanco, Martín Pérez-Andrés, Sonia Arriba-Méndez, Teresa Contreras-Sanfeliciano, Ignacio Criado, Ondrej Pelak, Ana Serra-Caetano, Alfonso Romero, Noemí Puig, Ana Remesal, Juan Torres Canizales, Eduardo López-Granados, Tomas Kalina, Ana E Sousa, Menno Van Zelm, Mirjam Van der Burg, Jacques J M van Dongen, Alberto Orfao
BACKGROUND: Humoral immunocompetence develops stepwise throughout life and contributes to individual susceptibility to infection, immunodeficiency, autoimmunity and neoplasia. Immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH)-isotype serum levels can partly explain such age-related differences, but their relationship with the IgH-isotype distribution within memory B-cell (MBCs) and plasma cell (PCs) compartments remains to be investigated. OBJECTIVE: We studied the age-related distribution of MBCs and PCs expressing different IgH-isotypes, in addition to the immature/transitional and naive B-cell compartments...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Leila Mousazadeh, Effat Alizadeh, Nosratollah Zarghami, Shahryar Hashemzadeh, Sedigheh Fekri Aval, Leili Hasanifard, Roya Herizchi
BACK GROUND: Adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) have unique potential for regenerative cell therapies. However, during ex-vivo cultivation, they undergo considerable quality loss regarding their phenotypic properties, stemness genes expression and differentiation potential. Recent studies reported that the loss of stemness properties of MSCs is a result of chromatin histone deacetylations through in-vitro cultivation. The present work aimed to study the effect of Trapoxin A (TPX) as a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) on overall stemness properties of ASCs...
February 26, 2018: Drug Research
Kun Zhang, Shan Gao, JiaYi Guo, GuoHua Ni, Zhe Chen, Feng Li, XiaoLei Zhu, YongBing Wen, YanXing Guo
Objectives: To elucidate the effects and potential mechanisms of hypericin-photodynamic therapy (HYP-PDT) for treating the human rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS) MH7A cell-line. Materials and Methods: MH7A cells were subjected to HYP-PDT intervention and apoptosis was evaluated via MTT, nuclear staining, and flowcytometry analyses. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were measured with the fluorescent probe 2'7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA)...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Zhila Rajaee, Samideh Khoei, Seied Rabi Mahdavi, Marzieh Ebrahimi, Sakine Shirvalilou, Alireza Mahdavian
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of hyperthermia, 6 MeV electron radiation and combination of these treatments on cancer cell line DU145 in both monolayer culture and spheroids enriched for prostate cancer stem cells (CSCs). Flowcytometric analysis of the expression of molecular markers CD133+ /CD44+ was carried out to determine the prostate CSCs in cell line DU145 grown as spheroids in serum-free medium. Following monolayer and spheroid culture, DU145 cells were treated with different doses of hyperthermia, electron beam and combination of them...
February 17, 2018: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
Siyamak Ebrahimi Nigjeh, Swee Keong Yeap, Norshariza Nordin, Behnam Kamalideghan, Huynh Ky, Rozita Rosli
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer remains a leading cause of death in women worldwide. Although breast cancer therapies have greatly advanced in recent years, many patients still develop tumour recurrence and metastasis, and eventually succumb to the disease due to chemoresistance. Citral has been reported to show cytotoxic effect on various cancer cell lines. However, the potential of citral to specifically target the drug resistant breast cancer cells has not yet been tested, which was the focus of our current study...
February 13, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Tomohiko Ai, Yoko Tabe, Hiroyuki Takemura, Konobu Kimura, Toshihiro Takahashi, Haeun Yang, Koji Tsuchiya, Aya Konishi, Kinya Uchihashi, Takashi Horii, Akimichi Ohsaka
Morphological microscopic examinations of nucleated cells in body fluid (BF) samples are performed to screen malignancy. However, the morphological differentiation is time-consuming and labor-intensive. This study aimed to develop a new flowcytometry-based gating analysis mode "XN-BF gating algorithm" to detect malignant cells using an automated hematology analyzer, Sysmex XN-1000. XN-BF mode was equipped with WDF white blood cell (WBC) differential channel. We added two algorithms to the WDF channel: Rule 1 detects larger and clumped cell signals compared to the leukocytes, targeting the clustered malignant cells; Rule 2 detects middle sized mononuclear cells containing less granules than neutrophils with similar fluorescence signal to monocytes, targeting hematological malignant cells and solid tumor cells...
2018: PloS One
Harshit Khurana, Pankaj Malhotra, Man Updesh Sachdeva, Neelam Varma, Parveen Bose, Uday Yanamandra, Subhash Varma, Alka Khadwal, Deepesh Lad, Gaurav Prakash
OBJECTIVES: Danazol is an attenuated androgen and is used in the treatment of aplastic anemia (AA) in resource constraint settings. We chose to study the role of CD4+ CD25high CD127low FoxP3+ T regulatory cells (T-regs) in the pathophysiology of AA and their response to treatment with Danazol alone or in combination with immunosuppressive treatment (IST). METHODS: T-regs' percentages of 25 acquired idiopathic AA patients and 25 healthy controls who completed study protocol were analyzed by performing multicolor flowcytometry on peripheral blood samples...
February 8, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Neda Zarei, Mehdi Fazeli, Mozafar Mohammadi, Foroogh Nejatollahi
BACKGROUND: FZD7 has a critical role as a surface receptor of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in cancer cells. Suppressing Wnt signaling through blocking FZD7 is shown to decrease cell viability, metastasis and invasion. Bioinformatic methods have been a powerful tool in epitope designing studies. Small size, high affinity and human origin of scFv antibodies have provided unique advantages for these recombinant antibodies. METHODS: Two epitopes from extracellular domain of FZD7 were designed using bioinformatic methods...
February 6, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Z Fazil, J C Ten Berge, A W Langerak, A Rothova, W A Dik
PURPOSE: To analyze intraocular cytokine levels and cell profiles in patients with rubella virus-associated uveitis (RVU). METHODS: We collected intraocular fluid samples from patients with RVU (n = 10), uveitis of other causes (n = 27), and cataract (n = 22). Levels of 15 cytokines (IL-1β, IL-1ra, IL-2, IL-6, IL-6rα, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-17A, IL-23, TARC, MCP-1, TNF-α, PlGF, and VEGF) were measured using multiplex assay, and intraocular cell populations were determined by multiparameter flowcytometry...
January 25, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Anna Filley, Mario Henriquez, Tanmoy Bhowmik, Brij Nath Tewari, Xi Rao, Jun Wan, Margaret A Miller, Yunlong Liu, R Timothy Bentley, Mahua Dey
Malignant glioma (MG), the most common primary brain tumor in adults, is extremely aggressive and uniformly fatal. Several treatment strategies have shown significant preclinical promise in murine models of glioma; however, none have produced meaningful clinical responses in human patients. We hypothesize that introduction of an additional preclinical animal model better approximating the complexity of human MG, particularly in interactions with host immune responses, will bridge the existing gap between these two stages of testing...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Adriana Plesa, Charles Dumontet, Eve Mattei, Ines Tagoug, Sandrine Hayette, Pierre Sujobert, Isabelle Tigaud, Marie Pierre Pages, Youcef Chelghoum, Fiorenza Baracco, Helene Labussierre, Sophie Ducastelle, Etienne Paubelle, Franck Emmanuel Nicolini, Mohamed Elhamri, Lydia Campos, Claudiu Plesa, Stéphane Morisset, Gilles Salles, Yves Bertrand, Mauricette Michallet, Xavier Thomas
AIM: To evaluate the importance of the CD34+CD38- cell population when compared to the CD34+CD38+/low and CD34+CD38+/high leukemic cell sub-populations and to determine its correlations with leukemia characteristics and known prognostic factors, as well as with response to therapy and survival. METHODS: Two hundred bone marrow samples were obtained at diagnosis from 200 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were studied between September 2008 and December 2010 at our Institution (Hematology Department, Lyon, France)...
December 26, 2017: World Journal of Stem Cells
Enas Said Essa, Gehan Abd-Elfatah Tawfeek, Suzan Ahmed El Hassanin, Khloud Gamal Mohammed Emara
NK cell activation is one strategy to improve the immunotherapy of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. So, we aimed to investigate expression of Natural killer cell activating receptor NKp44 in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and its correlation with clinic pathological data. In this study, 30 new cases with DLBCL in addition to 20 healthy control were involved. All were submitted to full history, clinical examination, histopathology, Routine laboratory investigations including CBC, LDH, β2microgloubine and bone marrow examination...
March 2018: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Arehzoo Zaker, Javad Asili, Parvaneh Abrishamchi, Zahra Tayarani-Najaran, Seyed Hadi Mousavi
Objectives: Perovskiaabrotanoides Kar., from family Lamiaceae, is a little known medicinal plant growing in various regions of Iran. In the present study, cryptotanshinone (CT), tanshinone 2A (Tan2A), and hydroxycryptotanshinone (HCT) were isolated and purified from the roots of P. abrotanoides . In addition, cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of total root extract (TE) and three purified tanshinones were investigated in human cervical carcinoma (HeLa) and human breast cancer (MCF-7) cell lines...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Hossein Mahboudi, Bahram Kazemi, Masoud Soleimani, Hana Hanaee-Ahvaz, Hossein Ghanbarian, Mojgan Bandehpour, Seyed Ehsan Enderami, Mousa Kehtari, Ghasem Barati
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from bone marrow hold great potential as a cell source for cartilage repair. The objective of our study was differentiation of MSC toward chondrocyte by using Nanofiber-based polyethersulfone (PES) scaffold and also enhanced chondrogenic differentiation of BMSC in vitro. MSCs were harvested from bone marrow of human and PES scaffold was fabricated via Electrospinning. The isolated cells were cultured on the PES scaffold and scaffold free method. After 21days, Real-time PCR was performed to evaluate the cartilage-specific genes in the mRNA levels...
February 15, 2018: Gene
Huiyun Zhang, Junling Wang, Ling Wang, Mengmeng Zhan, Shigang Li, Zeman Fang, Ciyan Xu, Yanshan Zheng, Shaoheng He
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chymase is a unique, abundant secretory product of mast cells and a potent chemoattractant for eosinophils, monocytes and neutrophils, but little is known of its influence on mast cell accumulation. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: A mouse peritoneal inflammation model, cell migration assay and flowcytometry analysis, were used to investigate the role of chymase in recruiting mast cells. KEY RESULTS: Chymase increased, by up to 5...
February 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
Man Zou, Yanhui Li, Shu Xia, Qian Chu, Xiaoguang Xiao, Hong Qiu, Yu Chen, Zu'an Zheng, Fei Liu, Liang Zhuang, Shiying Yu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a high-risk breast cancer phenotype without specific targeted therapy options and is significantly associated with increased local recurrence in patients treated with radiotherapy. CAVEOLIN-1 (CAV-1)-mediated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) nuclear translocation following irradiation promotes DNA repair and thus induces radiation resistance. In this study, we aimed to determine whether knockdown of CAV-1 enhances the radiosensitivity of basal-like TNBC cell lines and to explore the possible mechanisms...
November 23, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Yasser A Abd-Elhamid, Refaat M Eltanawy, Rasha M Fawzy, Nehad A Fouad, Ann M Atlm
CD64 is a type of integral membrane glycoprotein known as FC receptor that binds monomeric IgG-type antibodies with high affinity. It is more commonly known as FC gamma receptor 1 (FC?R1) and it is expressed on monocytes surface. The goal of this study was to investigate the association of CD64 expression on the surface of peripheral blood monocytes of systemic lupus erythematosus patients with disease activity, and lupus nephritis. 30 SLE patients were enrolled into this study. They were subdivided into: 15 SLE patients with lupus nephritis and 15 SLE patients without lupus nephritis...
January 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
Sahereh Joezy-Shekalgorabi
Objectives: In a nucleus breeding scheme, the sire of dams pathway plays an important role in producing genetic improvement. Selection proportion is the key parameter for predicting selection intensity, through truncating the normal distribution. Semen sexing using flowcytometrie reduces the number of vials of sperm that can be obtained from a proved bull. In addition, a lower fertility of this kind of sperm is expected because of the lower sperm dosage in sex sorted semen. Both of these factors could affect the selection proportion in the sire of dams pathway (pSD)...
November 3, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
D Senadheera, M Goonewardene, I Mampitiya
Introduction: In Sri Lanka the current prevalence of anaemia during pregnancy is estimated to be less than 20%. Objectives: To determine the rate of anaemia defined as hemoglobin concentration < 11 g/dl, and the rate of iron deficiency using the best cut off level of serum ferritin, in women presenting for antenatal care. Methods: Three hundred and fifty consecutive pregnant women with gestations between 12 to 20 weeks, presenting to the Academic Obstetric Unit at the Teaching Hospital Mahamodera, Galle, Sri Lanka from 10...
September 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
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