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Liver anesthesiology

Axel Andres, Pietro Majno, Sylvain Terraz, Philippe Morel, Arnaud Roth, Laura Rubbia-Brandt, Eduardo Schiffer, Frederic Ris, Christian Toso
Colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) is the most frequent indication for liver resection in many centers. Recent improvements in oncology, surgery, interventional radiology, pathology and anesthesiology allow curative treatment in a larger proportion of patients with CRLM. Areas covered: We illustrate the various aspects of the management of CRLM through 11 questions that summarize the topic, from the current obtained survival to future perspectives such as transplantation. The limits of a curative treatment are also presented from different angles, such as the benefits of pathology, the surgical options for extreme resections, the available chemotherapies and their efficacy, or the non-surgical ablative treatments...
October 17, 2016: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
Joseph D Tobias, Thomas P Green, Charles J Coté
Codeine has been prescribed to pediatric patients for many decades as both an analgesic and an antitussive agent. Codeine is a prodrug with little inherent pharmacologic activity and must be metabolized in the liver into morphine, which is responsible for codeine's analgesic effects. However, there is substantial genetic variability in the activity of the responsible hepatic enzyme, CYP2D6, and, as a consequence, individual patient response to codeine varies from no effect to high sensitivity. Drug surveillance has documented the occurrence of unanticipated respiratory depression and death after receiving codeine in children, many of whom have been shown to be ultrarapid metabolizers...
September 19, 2016: Pediatrics
Mariusz Piechota, Anna Piechota
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate in patients with severe liver dysfunction secondary to alcoholic liver disease (ALD) who do not respond to the standard treatment is exceptionally high. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of applying extracorporeal liver support techniques to treat this group of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The data from 23 hospital admissions of 21 patients with ALD who were admitted to the department of anesthesiology and intensive therapy (A&IT) at the Dr Wł...
July 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
O Şahap Atik, Fatih I Can, M Selçuk Şenol, Toygun K Eren
A 90-year-old female patient was admitted to our clinic complaining of pain in her left hip which occurred due to fall from a chair. Her medical history included memory loss and mental changes associated with Alzheimer's disease and depression. Patient's cooperation and orientation were weak. Range of motion of the left hip was restricted and painful. Radiographs of the left hip demonstrated subtrochanteric comminuted fracture of femur. Laboratory tests revealed anemia and liver insufficiency. Departments of internal medicine and anesthesiology reported high risk for surgery...
August 2016: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
Aakash Keswani, Christina Beck, Kristen M Meier, Adam Fields, Michael J Bronson, Calin S Moucha
BACKGROUND: The United States spends $12 billion each year on ∼332,000 total hip arthroplasty (THA) procedures with the postoperative period accounting for ∼40% of costs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of surgical scheduling (day of week and start time) on clinical outcomes, hospital length of stay (LOS), and rate of nonhome discharge in THA patients. METHODS: Analysis of perioperative variables was performed for patients who underwent THA at an urban tertiary care teaching hospital from 2009 to 2014...
November 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
David Martin, Didier Roulin, Yamaguchi Takamune, Nicolas Demartines, Nermin Halkic
The number of major hepatectomy performed for the treatment of primary or secondary liver cancer has increased over the past two decades. By definition, a major hepatectomy includes the resection of at least three liversegments. Advances in anesthesiology, surgical and radiological techniques and perioperative management allowed a broad patient selection with increased security. Every case must be discussed in multidisciplinary tumor board, and preoperative assessment should include biological, volumetric and functional hepatic parameters...
June 15, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
V Perilli, P Aceto, T Sacco, C Modesti, P Ciocchetti, F Vitale, A Russo, G Fasano, A Dottorelli, L Sollazzi
Graft and patients survival are the main goal of anesthesiological management in patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT). Even if anesthesiological practice sustained major developments over time, some evidence-based intraoperative strategies have not yet been widely applied. The aim of this review was to summarize intraoperative anesthesiological strategies which could have the potential to improve LT graft and/or recipient survival. Monitoring must be as accurate as possible in order to manage intraoperative hemodynamic changes...
July 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Ullhas Sudhakarrao Misal, Suchita Annasaheb Joshi, Mudassir Mohd Shaikh
Delayed awakening from anesthesia remains one of the biggest challenges that involve an anesthesiologist. With the general use of fast-acting anesthetic agents, patients usually awaken quickly in the postoperative period. The time to emerge from anesthesia is affected by patient factors, anesthetic factors, duration of surgery, and painful stimulation. The principal factors responsible for delayed awakening following anesthesia are anesthetic agents and medications used in the perioperative period. Nonpharmacological causes may have a serious sequel, hence recognizing these organic conditions is important...
May 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
I Freytag, J Bucher, M Schoenberg, M Stangl, G Schelling
We report a case of a 27-year-old anesthetist who acquired tuberculosis (TB) while performing general anesthesia in a renal transplant (RTX) patient who had donor-derived contagious TB. The anesthetist developed pleural TB 6 months after exposure. Contact investigations (CIs) did not include health care workers (HCWs) of the Department of Anesthesiology, thereby missing the opportunity for the early diagnosis and treatment of TB. Genomic fingerprinting revealed identical Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MT) isolates in the anesthetist and in the RTX patient...
May 2016: Der Anaesthesist
J L A van Vugt, S Levolger, R W F de Bruin, J van Rosmalen, H J Metselaar, J N M IJzermans
Liver transplant outcome has improved considerably as a direct result of optimized surgical and anesthesiological techniques and organ allocation programs. Because there remains a shortage of human organs, strict selection of transplant candidates remains of paramount importance. Recently, computed tomography (CT)-assessed low skeletal muscle mass (i.e. sarcopenia) was identified as a novel prognostic parameter to predict outcome in liver transplant candidates. A systematic review and meta-analysis on the impact of CT-assessed skeletal muscle mass on outcome in liver transplant candidates were performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines...
August 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Serkan Öcal, Özgür Harmancı, Fatih Ensaroğlu, Murat Korkmaz, Haldun Selçuk, Fatih Hilmioğlu, Gökhan Moray, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: We report the outcomes of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography procedures performed for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in patients who had undergone kidney transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the records of kidney transplant patients for January 1993 to December 2014. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was carried out using an Olympus JF240 duodenoscope (tip outer diameter 12.6 mm, working channel diameter 3...
November 2015: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Jan Benes, Jan Zatloukal, Jakub Kletecka
Viscoelastic methods (VEM) made available the bedside assessment of blood clotting. Unlike standard laboratory tests, the results are based on the whole blood coagulation and are available in real time at a much faster turnaround time. In combination with our new knowledge about pathophysiology of the trauma-induced coagulopathy, the goal-oriented treatment protocols have been recently proposed for the initial management of bleeding in trauma victims. Additionally, the utility of viscoelastic monitoring devices has been proved even outside this setting in cardiosurgical patients or those undergoing liver transplantation...
2015: Frontiers in Medicine
Klaus Görlinger, Fuat H Saner
It is still common practice to correct abnormal standard laboratory test results, such as increased INR or low platelet count, prior to invasive interventions, such as tracheostomy, central venous catheter insertion or liver biopsy, in critically ill patients. Data suggest that 30-90 % of plasma transfused for these indications is unnecessary and puts the patient at risk. Plasma transfusion is associated with a high risk of transfusion-associated adverse events such as transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO), transfusion-related lung injury (TRALI), transfusion-related immunomodulation (TRIM), and anaphylaxis/allergic reactions...
2015: BMC Anesthesiology
L J Ceulemans, I Jochmans, D Monbaliu, M Verhaegen, W Laleman, F Nevens, S Heye, G Maleux, J Pirenne
Multivisceral transplantation (MvTx) for diffuse venous portomesenteric thrombosis is a surgically and anesthesiologically challenging procedure, partly because of the risk of massive bleeding during visceral exenteration. Preoperative visceral artery embolization might reduce this risk. In three consecutive MvTx, the celiac trunk (CT) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) were embolized immediately pretransplant. We analyzed demographics, serum D-lactate, pH, base excess, hemoglobin, blood pressure, transfused packed cell (PC) units, intervention time and outcome...
November 2015: American Journal of Transplantation
Dung Nguyen, Shira Gurvitz-Gambrel, Paul A Sloan, Jeremy S Dority, Amy DiLorenzo, Zaki-Udin Hassan, Annette Rebel
The objective of this study was to assess whether resident exposure to liver transplantation anesthesia results in improved patient care during a simulated critical care scenario. Our hypothesis was that anesthesia residents exposed to liver transplantation anesthesia care would be able to identify and treat a simulated hyperkalemic crisis after reperfusion more appropriately than residents who have not been involved in liver transplantation anesthesia care. Participation in liver transplantation anesthesia is not a mandatory component of the curriculum of anesthesiology training programs in the United States...
April 2015: International Surgery
M Ucar, U Ozgül, A Polat, H I Toprak, M A Erdogan, M S Aydogan, M Durmus, M O Ersoy
BACKGROUND: The safety of healthy volunteer donors is one of the most important issues in living-donor liver transplantation. Use of the Pringle maneuver during donor hepatectomy can result in liver ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of isoflurane and propofol on IR injury caused by the Pringle maneuver during donor hepatectomy. METHODS: A total of 70 American Society of Anesthesiology I-II donors aged 18-65 years who underwent hepatectomy were included in the study...
March 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
S O Hur'iev, O Iu Shuryhin, M S Zahriĭchuk
The results of a medical help delivery on prehospital stage to 200 injured persons, suffering penetrating abdominal wounding with hepatic damage, were analyzed. The main cause of death in 87.5% of the injured persons with open hepatic damage is a non-compensated blood loss, in 12.5%--traumatic shock and a prehospital stage duration. In accordance to data of the expert estimation, the anesthesiologic adequacy have constituted in the group of survivors--80.76%, and in those, who died--68.75%, confirming a very high level of the anesthesy adequacy...
August 2014: Klinichna Khirurhiia
H Bruns, M W Büchler, P Schemmer
Liver resection has developed into the current standard procedure due to modern resection techniques, profound knowledge of the liver anatomy and optimized surgical and anesthesiological strategies to allow extended resections with both low morbidity and mortality. Initially major blood loss was the biggest concern with liver resection and a Pringle's manoeuvre was necessary. Nowadays, biliary leakage is the major problem after liver surgery. Besides the classical conventional clamp crushing technique for parenchymal transection, various devices including ultrasound, microwaves and staplers have been introduced...
June 2015: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Antoine Monsel, Ying-Gang Zhu, Stephane Gennai, Qi Hao, Jia Liu, Jae W Lee
Critically ill patients often suffer from multiple organ failures involving lung, kidney, liver, or brain. Genomic, proteomic, and metabolomic approaches highlight common injury mechanisms leading to acute organ failure. This underlines the need to focus on therapeutic strategies affecting multiple injury pathways. The use of adult stem cells such as mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSC) may represent a promising new therapeutic approach as increasing evidence shows that MSC can exert protective effects following injury through the release of promitotic, antiapoptotic, antiinflammatory, and immunomodulatory soluble factors...
November 2014: Anesthesiology
T Zacharias, N Ferreira, A-J Carin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The value of preoperative nutritional support in liver resection remains questionable. The aim of the present study was to compare the incidence of postoperative complications after liver resection between those patients that received preoperative immunonutrition versus those patients without preoperative nutritional support. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Patients undergoing elective liver resection between 9 November 2007 and 14 May 2013 were considered for the study: 84 with preoperative immunonutrition (Oral-Impact, Nestle, 3 × 237 ml per day for seven days at home) and 63 control patients without preoperative nutritional support...
August 2014: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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