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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749595/morbidity-and-mortality-in-infant-mountain-gorillas-gorilla-beringei-beringei-a-46-year-retrospective-review
#1
James M Hassell, Dawn Zimmerman, Michael R Cranfield, Kirsten Gilardi, Antoine Mudakikwa, Jan Ramer, Elisabeth Nyirakaragire, Linda J Lowenstine
Long-term studies of morbidity and mortality in free-ranging primates are scarce, but may have important implications for the conservation of extant populations. Infants comprise a particularly important age group, as variation in survival rates may have a strong influence on population dynamics. Since 1968, the Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Project (MGVP, Inc.) and government partners have conducted a comprehensive health monitoring and disease investigation program on mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749322/integration-of-slack-a-cloud-based-team-collaboration-application-into-research-coordination
#2
Miriam Gofine, Sunday Clark
Practitioners of epidemiology require efficient real-time communication and shared access to numerous documents in order to effectively manage a study. Much of this communication involves study logistics and does not require use of Protected Health Information. Slack is a team collaboration app; it archives all direct messages and group conversations, hosts documents internally, and integrates with the Google Docs application. Slack has both desktop and mobile applications, allowing users to communicate in real-time without the need to find email addresses or phone numbers or create contact lists...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749315/connecting-medical-records-an-evaluation-of-benefits-and-challenges-for-primary-care-practices
#3
Deborah Ruth Compeau, Amanda Terry
BACKGROUND: Implementation of systems to support health information sharing has lagged other areas of healthcare IT, yet offers a strong possibility for benefit.  Clinical acceptance is a key limiting factor in health IT adoption. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and challenges experienced by clinicians using a custom-developed health information exchange system, and to show how perceptions of benefits and challenges influence perceptions of productivity and care-related outcomes...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749273/a-retrospective-review-of-western-lowland-gorilla-gorilla-gorilla-gorilla-mortality-in-european-zoologic-collections-between-2004-and-2014
#4
Victoria Strong, Kerstin Baiker, Marnie L Brennan, Sharon Redrobe, Frank Rietkerk, Malcolm Cobb, Kate White
An understanding of the main causes of mortality among captive gorillas is imperative to promoting their optimal care, health, and welfare. A retrospective observational review of mortality among the European zoo-housed western lowland gorilla ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla) population from 2004 to 2014 was carried out. This is the first published study of mortality in this population. Relevant postmortem data were requested from each collection reporting a death during the study period. Age at death enabled grouping into discrete age categories...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749063/patients-as-rights-holders
#5
Johan Brännmark
Autonomy and consent have been central values in Western moral and political thought for centuries. One way of understanding the bioethical models that started to develop, especially in the 1970s, is that they were about the fusion of a long-standing professional ethics with the core values underpinning modern political institutions. That there was a need for this kind of fusion is difficult to dispute, especially since the provision of health care has in most developed countries become an ever more important concern of our political institutions, with governments playing a significant role in regulating and facilitating the provision of health care and in many countries even largely organizing it...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748425/hydroxychloroquine-dosing-in-immune-mediated-diseases-implications-for-patient-safety
#6
Milena A Gianfrancesco, Gabriela Schmajuk, Sarah Haserodt, Laura Trupin, Zara Izadi, Kashif Jafri, Stephen Shiboski, Marina Sirota, R Adams Dudley, Jinoos Yazdany
Evidence suggests that hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) retinal toxicity is more common than previously thought. Adhering to careful weight-based dosing can significantly reduce the risk of this adverse event and is recommended in recent guidelines. We used electronic health record data from a large health system to examine HCQ dosing over a 5-year period and identify risk factors associated with higher dosage of HCQ. We constructed a longitudinal, retrospective cohort of patients with HCQ prescriptions (1681 patients with 3490 prescribing events) between 2012 and 2016...
July 26, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748341/obstetric-and-perinatal-outcomes-among-immigrant-and-non-immigrant-women-in-berlin-germany
#7
Matthias David, Theda Borde, Silke Brenne, Babett Ramsauer, Wolfgang Henrich, Jürgen Breckenkamp, Oliver Razum
BACKGROUND: In Germany, regular immigrants and their descendants have legal and financial access to health care equal to the general citizenry. Nonetheless, some of their health outcomes are comparatively unfavorable, and that is only partially explained by their lower socioeconomic status (SES). The aim of this study was to assess whether this disparity exists also for obstetric and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We compared obstetric and perinatal outcomes between immigrant women (first or second generation) and non-immigrant women, delivering at three maternity hospitals in Berlin, Germany, 2011-2012...
July 26, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748303/a-mean-field-model-for-movement-induced-changes-in-the-beta-rhythm
#8
Áine Byrne, Matthew J Brookes, Stephen Coombes
In electrophysiological recordings of the brain, the transition from high amplitude to low amplitude signals are most likely caused by a change in the synchrony of underlying neuronal population firing patterns. Classic examples of such modulations are the strong stimulus-related oscillatory phenomena known as the movement related beta decrease (MRBD) and post-movement beta rebound (PMBR). A sharp decrease in neural oscillatory power is observed during movement (MRBD) followed by an increase above baseline on movement cessation (PMBR)...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748273/changes-in-the-intestinal-microbiota-of-gibel-carp-carassius-gibelio-associated-with-cyprinid-herpesvirus-2-cyhv-2-infection
#9
Rong She, Tong-Tong Li, Dan Luo, Jia-Bao Li, Liu-Yi Yin, Huan Li, Yao-Min Liu, Xiang-Zhen Li, Qi-Gui Yan
Gut microbiota are integral to the host, and have received increased attention in recent years. However, information regarding the intestinal microbiota of many aquaculture animals is insufficient; elucidating the dynamics of the intestinal microbiota can be beneficial for nutrition, immunity, and disease control. In this study, we used 16S rRNA sequencing to observe changes in the intestinal microbiota of gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) associated with cyprinid herpesvirus 2 (CyHV-2) infection. Our results indicate that the diversity of the intestinal microbiota was strongly reduced, and the composition was dramatically altered following CyHV-2 infection...
July 26, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748121/treatment-of-asymptomatic-hyperuricemia-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-new-target-in-an-old-enemy-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Maria Erika G Ramirez, Joanne M Bargman
Asymptomatic hyperuricemia is increasing in prevalence. There is a growing body of literature suggesting that uric acid has deleterious effects on vascular health and renal histological integrity. Several trials, reviewed herein, suggest that lowering the serum uric acid level is associated with a slowing in the rate of renal deterioration in those with chronic kidney disease. Given that there is little available in the general armamentarium to slow the rate of kidney deterioration, strong consideration could be given to the administration of agents or lifestyle changes that decrease uric acid production in hyperuricemic patients with deteriorating kidney function...
September 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747180/self-reported-oral-and-general-health-in-relation-to-socioeconomic-position
#11
Magnus Hakeberg, Ulla Wide Boman
BACKGROUND: During the past two decades, several scientific publications from different countries have shown how oral health in the population varies with social determinants. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between self-reported oral and general health in relation to different measures of socioeconomic position. METHODS: Data were collected from a randomly selected sample of the adult population in Sweden (n = 3500, mean age 53.4 years, 53...
July 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747157/oral-health-literacy-and-oral-health-outcomes-in-an-adult-population-in-brazil
#12
Marília Jesus Batista, Herenia Procopio Lawrence, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between critical and communicative oral health literacy (OHL) and oral health outcomes (status, oral health-related quality of life and practices) in adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined a household probability sample of 248 adults, representing 149,635 residents (20-64 years old) in Piracicaba-SP, Brazil. Clinical oral health and socioeconomic and demographic data, as well as data on oral health-related quality of life (OHIP-14) and health practices were collected...
July 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746904/prophylactic-antidepressant-treatment-following-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
Ole G Christiansen, Michael T Madsen, Erik Simonsen, Ismail Gögenur
Major depressive disorder is significantly increased in patients following acute coronary syndrome resulting in twofold increased mortality compared with patients without depression. The depression diagnosis is often missed leading to considerable undertreatment. This systematic review assesses the current evidence of primary prophylactic treatment of depression in patients after acute coronary syndrome. The study protocol was prospectively registered at PROSPERO (registration number CRD42015025587). A systematic review were conducted and reported according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746725/an-acceptability-trial-of-desiccated-beef-liver-and-meat-powder-as-potential-fortifiers-of-complementary-diets-of-young-children-in-indonesia
#14
Lisa M Duizer, Aly Diana, Hilmi S Rathomi, Dimas E Luftimas, Sofa Rahmannia, Widya Santi, Gaga Irawan Nugraha, Jill J Haszard, Rosalind S Gibson, Lisa A Houghton
The addition of desiccated beef liver to infant and young child complementary foods can be used to overcome nutrient deficits, however its acceptability is unknown. We conducted a series of studies to test the acceptability of complementary foods fortified with either powdered beef liver, beef meat, beef liver + meat or placebo among 96 Indonesian children aged 12 to 23 mo. This was achieved by determining liking of a single test food with added study powder, followed by a 2-wk home trial and focus group discussions to assess liking during repeated consumption of the study powders added to daily meals...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746574/institutional-violence-and-quality-of-service-in-obstetrics-are-associated-with-postpartum-depression
#15
Karina Junqueira de Souza, Daphne Rattner, Muriel Bauermann Gubert
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between institutional violence in obstetrics and postpartum depression (PP depression) and the potential effect of race, age, and educational level in this outcome. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study about the health care conditions for the maternal and child population of the Federal District, Brazil, carried out in 2011. The study has used a probabilistic sample of 432 women, whose children were aged up to three months, stratified by clusters...
July 20, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746354/spatio-temporal-epidemiology-of-japanese-encephalitis-in-nepal-2007-2015
#16
Dhan Kumar Pant, Tenzin Tenzin, Rakesh Chand, Barun Kumar Sharma, Padam Raj Bist
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a major public health problem in Nepal. For the effective management and surveillance of JE, a clear understanding of its epidemiology is essential. Therefore, we conducted descriptive and spatial analyses to understand the spatio-temporal distribution of JE in human in Nepal. From 2007 to 2015, 1,823 JE cases were reported with a cumulative mean incidence of 0.735/100,000 population and a case fatality rate of 6.6%. The death rate in the up-to-24 years of age group was 74%. The JE cases were most commonly reported in the age group of 1-14 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746330/updates-on-pharmacological-treatment-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#17
R Koirala, E G I Søegaard, S B Thapa
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder affects a significant proportion of those who have been exposed to exceptionally threatening or catastrophic events or situations such as earthquakes, rape and civil war. The condition can often become chronic and disabling. Medical intervention can therefore be of paramount importance. There are no national guidelines for trauma disorders in Nepal and there is a lack of adequate knowledge regarding drug treatment of PTSD among doctors and other service providers. Though psychotherapy is internationally regarded as the first line treatment for PTSD, it is often not feasible in Nepal due to lack of resources and skilled health workers in this field...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746172/a-genetic-variant-in-the-catechol-o-methyl-transferase-comt-gene-is-related-to-age-dependent-differences-in-the-therapeutic-effect-of-calcium-channel-blockers
#18
Jiayue Xu, Adrian E Boström, Mohamed Saeed, Raghvendra K Dubey, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Jessica Mwinyi, Helgi B Schiöth
Hypertension is the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease and one of the major health concerns worldwide. Genetic factors impact both the risk for hypertension and the therapeutic effect of antihypertensive drugs. Sex- and age-specific variances in the prevalence of hypertension are partly induced by estrogen. We investigated 6 single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes encoding enzymes involved in estrogen metabolism in relation to sex- and age-specific differences in the systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) outcome under the treatment of diuretics, calcium-channel blockers (CCBs), angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors, and angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745358/cross-talk-between-10-gingerol-and-its-anti-cancerous-potential-a-recent-update
#19
REVIEW
Fang Zhang, Kiran Thakur, Fei Hu, Jian-Guo Zhang, Zhao-Jun Wei
Since time immortal, ginger, as an ancient herb, has been used throughout the world in foods and beverages due to its typical strong and pungent flavor. Besides its use as a spice, it also serves as an excellent source of several bioactive phenolics, including nonvolatile pungent compounds, such as gingerols, paradols, shogaols, and gingerones. Gingerols constitute key ingredients in fresh ginger, with the most abundant being 6-gingerol (6-G), 8-gingerol (8-G), and 10-gingerol (10-G). Many studies have investigated the various valuable pharmacological properties of these ingredients and experimentally verified the mechanistic aspects of their health effects; however, to date, most research on the anti-cancerous activities of gingerols have focused largely on 6-G...
July 26, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744970/evaluation-of-a-professional-development-training-programme-for-mental-health-clinicians-specializing-in-early-psychosis
#20
Craig Macneil, Frances Foster, Amanda Nicoll, Helen Osman, Richard Monfries, Sue Cotton
The Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre Statewide Services (ESW) team provides training for multidisciplinary clinicians that specialise in early psychosis across the State of Victoria, Australia. The aim of this paper is to describe the 4-phase approach utilised by ESW to prepare for and deliver workshops, to report on participants' ratings of the ESW workshops, and to make recommendations for other trainers of early psychosis clinicians. Between March 2009 and September 2014, ESW provided 85 training workshops that had a strong focus on evidence-based approaches and international guidelines, and utilized clinical examples of early psychosis interventions...
July 26, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
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