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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334696/mast-cells-participate-in-chronic-low-grade-inflammation-within-adipose-tissue
#1
REVIEW
P Żelechowska, J Agier, E Kozłowska, E Brzezińska-Błaszczyk
Obesity is reckoned as one of the civilization diseases, posing a considerable global health issue. Evidence points towards a contribution of multitude immune cell populations in obesity pathomechanism and the development of chronic low-grade inflammation in the expanded adipose tissue. Notably, adipose tissue is a reservoir of mast cells which number in individuals with obesity particularly increased. Some of them tend to degranulation what generate secretion of strong pro-inflammatory and regulatory mediators, as well as cytokines/chemokines...
January 15, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334515/facilitating-adoption-of-an-electronic-documentation-system
#2
Nazarine T Jones, Charlotte Seckman
Best practice recommends the integration of clinical documentation into the hospital electronic health record to support safe, efficient, and timely patient care. A major barrier to successful adoption and optimization of computerized documentation systems is user satisfaction. The purpose of this descriptive, performance improvement initiative was to implement and evaluate user satisfaction with an electronic documentation system to facilitate successful adoption. The Clinical Procedure Flowsheets application was implemented in a geriatric extended care unit of a large healthcare system...
January 12, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334475/abandonment-of-assistive-products-assessing-abandonment-levels-and-factors-that-impact-on-it
#3
André T Sugawara, Vinícius D Ramos, Fábio M Alfieri, Linamara R Battistella
PURPOSE: To investigate the levels and factors that influence the abandonment of assistive products by users of a local reference rehabilitation center. METHODS: This observational study involved users who received services and assistive products provided by our center of rehabilitation. Users were identified using the records of the center and their responses about the abandonment were collected through face-to-face interviews. RESULTS: The abandonment level of assistive products was 19...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334344/content-validity-and-satisfaction-with-a-caregiver-integrated-web-based-rehabilitation-intervention-for-persons-with-stroke
#4
Sarah Blanton, Sandra Dunbar, Patricia C Clark
Background Family members provide valuable contributions during rehabilitation after stroke, but frequently report higher incidences of burden, depression, and social isolation during caregiving. Thus, effective interventions to reduce stroke impact on the family are needed. Objectives To evaluate the content validity and satisfaction of a caregiver-focused web-based intervention designed to improve stroke survivor physical function while reducing caregiver negative outcomes. Methods Caregivers of individuals with stroke (N = 6) and expert rehabilitation researchers (N = 4) were presented with a novel, web-based intervention (CARE-CITE) designed to foster problem-solving and skill-building while facilitating caregiver involvement during constraint-induced movement therapy...
January 15, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333692/measuring-spatial-and-temporal-trends-of-nicotine-and-alcohol-consumption-in-australia-using-wastewater-based-epidemiology
#5
Foon Yin Lai, Coral Gartner, Wayne Hall, Steve Carter, Jake O'Brien, Benjamin J Tscharke, Frederic Been, Cobus Gerber, Jason White, Phong Thai, Raimondo Bruno, Jeremy Prichard, K Paul Kirkbride, Jochen F Mueller
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Tobacco and alcohol consumption remain priority public health issues worldwide. As participation in population-based surveys has fallen, it is increasingly challenging to estimate accurately the prevalence of alcohol and tobacco use. Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) is an alternative approach for estimating substance use at the population level that does not rely on survey participation. This study examined spatio-temporal patterns in nicotine (a proxy for tobacco) and alcohol consumption in the Australian population via WBE...
January 14, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333678/supplementary-feeding-as-a-source-of-multiresistant-salmonella-in-endangered-egyptian-vultures
#6
Guillermo Blanco
Wild birds have repeatedly been highlighted as vectors in the dissemination of livestock and human pathogens. Here, the occurrence, serotypes and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella were assessed in adult Egyptian vultures (Neophron percnopterus), to test the hypothesis that infection is associated with the consumption of swine carcasses provided at supplementary feeding stations (SFSs). Faeces of year-round resident griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) were also tested to assess whether infection was acquired in the breeding grounds of both species or in the African wintering quarters of Egyptian vultures...
January 14, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333595/implanted-closed-loop-gastric-electrical-stimulation-clges-system-with-sensor-based-feedback-safely-limits-weight-regain-at-24%C3%A2-months
#7
S Morales-Conde, I Alarcón Del Agua, L Busetto, F Favretti, M Anselmino, G M Rovera, M Socas-Macias, A Barranco-Moreno, R Province-Azalde, A J Torres
BACKGROUND: Weight regain following bariatric surgery is not uncommon. Safe, effective weight loss treatment up to 1 year has been reported with the closed-loop gastric electrical stimulation (CLGES) system. Continuous recording of eating and activity behavior by onboard sensors is one of the novel features of this closed-loop electrical stimulation therapy, and may provide improved long-term weight maintenance by enhancing aftercare. METHODS: Four centers participating in a 12-month prospective multicenter randomized study monitored all implanted participants (n = 47) up to 24 months after laparoscopic implantation of a CLGES system...
January 15, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332840/examining-patterns-of-multimorbidity-polypharmacy-and-risk-of-adverse-drug-reactions-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-cross-sectional-uk-biobank-study
#8
Peter Hanlon, Barbara I Nicholl, Bhautesh Dinesh Jani, Ross McQueenie, Duncan Lee, Katie I Gallacher, Frances S Mair
OBJECTIVE: This study aims: (1) to describe the pattern and extent of multimorbidity and polypharmacy in UK Biobank participants with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and (2) to identify which comorbidities are associated with increased risk of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) resulting from polypharmacy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community cohort. PARTICIPANTS: UK Biobank participants comparing self-reported COPD (n=8317) with no COPD (n=494 323)...
January 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332111/prevalence-of-menstrual-problems-and-their-association-with-psychological-stress-in-young-female-students-studying-health-sciences
#9
Nazish Rafique, Mona H Al-Sheikh
To identify the prevalence of various menstrual problems in young females studying health sciences and to identify their association with academic stress. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted in the health colleges of Immam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia between February 2015 and February 2016. Seven hundred and thirty-eight female students aged 18-25 years anonymously completed menstrual problem identification and perceived stress scale questionnaire. The data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 16...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331799/the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill-coast-guard-cohort-study-a-cross-sectional-study-of-acute-respiratory-health-symptoms
#10
Melannie Alexander, Lawrence S Engel, Nathan Olaiya, Li Wang, John Barrett, Laura Weems, Erica G Schwartz, Jennifer A Rusiecki
INTRODUCTION: Over 8500 United States Coast Guard (USCG) personnel were deployed in response to the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill; however, human respiratory effects as a result of spill-related exposures are relatively unknown. METHODS: USCG personnel who responded to the DWH oil spill were queried via survey on exposures to crude oil and oil dispersant, and acute respiratory symptoms experienced during deployment. Adjusted log binomial regressions were used to calculate prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), investigating the associations between oil spill exposures and respiratory symptoms...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331471/symposium-review-novel-strategies-to-genetically-improve-mastitis-resistance-in-dairy-cattle
#11
P Martin, H W Barkema, L F Brito, S G Narayana, F Miglior
Mastitis is a disease of major economic importance to the dairy cattle sector because of the high incidence of clinical mastitis and prevalence of subclinical mastitis and, consequently, the costs associated with treatment, production losses, and reduced animal welfare. Disease-recording systems compiling data from a large number of farms are still not widely implemented around the world; thus, selection for mastitis resistance is often based on genetically correlated indicator traits such as somatic cell count (SCC), udder depth, and fore udder attachment...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331371/birth-weight-and-the-risk-of-histological-subtypes-of-ovarian-and-endometrial-cancers-results-from-the-copenhagen-school-health-records-register
#12
Britton Trabert, Julie Aarestrup, Lian G Ulrich, Nicolas Wentzensen, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Jennifer L Baker
BACKGROUND: Studies of birth weight associations with ovarian and endometrial cancer risks are limited with inconsistent results, and none has evaluated associations by histologic subtype. We utilized prospectively collected birth weight information to investigate the association with risk of ovarian and endometrial cancers overall and by histologic subtype. METHODS: 162,559 girls, born from 1930 to 1989, from the Copenhagen School Health Records Register (CSHRR) were followed prospectively via linkage with the Danish health registers...
January 10, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331167/the-association-between-psychotic-experiences-and-traumatic-life-events-the-role-of-the-intention-to-harm
#13
Tais Silveira Moriyama, Marjan Drukker, Ary Gadelha, Pedro Mario Pan, Giovanni Abrahão Salum, Gisele Gus Manfro, Jair de Jesus Mari, Eurípedes Constantino Miguel, Luis Augusto Rohde, Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk, Jim van Os, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan
BACKGROUND: Previous work showed traumatic life events (TLE) with intention to harm, like bullying and abuse, to be more strongly associated with psychotic experiences (PE) than other types of trauma, like accidents. However, this association is subject to reporting bias and can be confounded by demographic characteristics and by differences in dose of exposure across different trauma categories. We studied the association between TLE with and without intention to harm and PE, taking into account potential confounders and biases...
January 14, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330860/sudden-death-in-sport-and-riding-horses-during-and-immediately-after-exercise-a-case-series
#14
C Navas de Solis, F Althaus, N Basieux, D Burger
BACKGROUND: Sudden death affects the health of horses, the safety of riders and the public perception of animal welfare during equestrian events. OBJECTIVES: To describe the signalment, clinical history, sudden death episode, rider injuries and causes of sudden death during exercise or closely thereafter in sport and pleasure riding horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series based on an online questionnaire. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed to the veterinary and equestrian community...
January 13, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#15
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330698/circulating-hormones-and-mammographic-density-in-premenopausal-women
#16
Kimberly A Bertrand, A Heather Eliassen, Susan E Hankinson, Bernard A Rosner, Rulla M Tamimi
Prior research suggests that several endogenous hormones in premenopausal women are associated with breast cancer risk; however, few studies have evaluated associations of endogenous hormones with mammographic density (MD) in premenopausal women. We conducted a cross-sectional study of plasma hormone levels in relation to MD among 634 cancer-free premenopausal women in the Nurses' Health Study II. We measured percent MD from screening mammograms using a computer-assisted method. We assayed estradiol, estrone, and estrone sulfate in blood samples timed in early follicular and mid-luteal phases of the menstrual cycle as well as testosterone, androstenedione, progesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), DHEA sulfate, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and anti-Müllerian hormone in luteal or untimed samples...
January 12, 2018: Hormones & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330576/xipho-pubic-angle-xpa-correlates-with-patient-s-reported-outcomes-in-a-population-of-adult-spinal-deformity-results-from-a-multi-center-cohort-study
#17
Francesco Langella, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Virginie Lafage, Justin S Smith, Christopher Shaffrey, Han Jo Kim, Douglas Burton, Richard Hostin, Shay Bess, Christopher Ames, Gregory Mundis, Eric Klineberg, Frank Schwab, Renault Lafage, Pedro Berjano
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multi-center cohort study. PURPOSE: Sagittal misalignment causes changes in the abdominal shape. Xipho-pubic angle (XPA) has been previously described to radiographically evaluate the shape of the abdominal cavity in patients with spine deformity. The aims of this study are to evaluate the correlation of XPA-to-spinopelvic sagittal parameters and to patients' health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) scores. METHODS: 278 patients from a multi-center database with diagnosis adult spinal deformity (ASD) (one or more of: coronal Cobb angle > 20°, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) > 50 mm, pelvic tilt (PT) > 25°, and thoracic kyphosis > 60°) were included...
January 12, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329574/microcephaly-epidemic-related-to-the-zika-virus-and-living-conditions-in-recife-northeast-brazil
#18
Wayner Vieira de Souza, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão de Albuquerque, Enrique Vazquez, Luciana Caroline Albuquerque Bezerra, Antonio da Cruz Gouveia Mendes, Tereza Maciel Lyra, Thalia Velho Barreto de Araujo, André Luiz Sá de Oliveira, Maria Cynthia Braga, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes, Demócrito de Barros Miranda-Filho, Amanda Priscila de Santana Cabral Silva, Laura Rodrigues, Celina Maria Turchi Martelli
BACKGROUND: Starting in August 2015, there was an increase in the number of cases of neonatal microcephaly in Northeast Brazil. These findings were identified as being an epidemic of microcephaly related to Zika virus (ZIKV) infection. The present study aims to analyse the spatial distribution of microcephaly cases in Recife (2015-2016), which is in Northeast Brazil, and its association with the living conditions in this city. METHODS: This was an ecological study that used data from reported cases of microcephaly from the State Health Department of Pernambuco (August 2015 to July 2016)...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329461/high-heritability-of-adolescent-sleep-wake-behavior-on-free-but-not-school-days-a-long-term-twin-study
#19
A P Inderkum, L Tarokh
Adolescence development is characterized by significant changes in sleep biology. Despite an overall decline in sleep duration and a delay in bedtime, significant inter-individual variation in sleep has been reported. The aim of the current study was to examine genetic and environmental influences on sleep in adolescence using long-term (6-month) actigraphy measurements, differentiating between school and free days. Sixteen monozygotic (MZ; n = 32) and 10 dizygotic (DZ; n = 20) twin pairs (mean age 12.8 ± 1...
January 10, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329402/discovering-foodborne-illness-in-online-restaurant-reviews
#20
Thomas Effland, Anna Lawson, Sharon Balter, Katelynn Devinney, Vasudha Reddy, HaeNa Waechter, Luis Gravano, Daniel Hsu
Objective: We developed a system for the discovery of foodborne illness mentioned in online Yelp restaurant reviews using text classification. The system is used by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) to monitor Yelp for foodborne illness complaints. Materials and Methods: We built classifiers for 2 tasks: (1) determining if a review indicated a person experiencing foodborne illness and (2) determining if a review indicated multiple people experiencing foodborne illness...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
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