Read by QxMD icon Read


Chiung-Mei Chen, I-Cheng Chen, Ying-Lin Chen, Te-Hsien Lin, Wan-Ling Chen, Chih-Ying Chao, Yih-Ru Wu, Yeah-Ting Lu, Cheng-Yu Lee, Hong-Chi Chien, Ting-Shou Chen, Guey-Jen Lee-Chen, Chi-Mei Lee
BACKGROUND: The F-box protein 7 (FBXO7) mutations have been identified in families with early-onset parkinsonism and pyramidal tract signs, and designated as PARK15. In addition, FBXO7 mutations were found in typical and young onset Parkinson's disease (PD). Evidence has also shown that FBXO7 plays an important role in the development of dopaminergic neurons and increased stability and overexpression of FBXO7 may be beneficial to PD. PURPOSE: We screened extracts of medicinal herbs to enhance FBXO7 expression for neuroprotection in MPP(+)-treated cells...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Venetia Bigley, Dawn Barge, Matthew Collin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dendritic cells are specialized antigen-presenting cells which link innate and adaptive immunity, through recognition and presentation of antigen to T cells. Although the importance of dendritic cells has been demonstrated in many animal models, their contribution to human immunity remains relatively unexplored in vivo.Given their central role in infection, autoimmunity, and malignancy, dendritic cell deficiency or dysfunction would be expected to have clinical consequences...
October 17, 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Ke Huang, Jiao Gao, Juan Du, Ning Ma, Yanling Zhu, Pengfei Wu, Tian Zhang, Wenqian Wang, Yuhang Li, Qianyu Chen, Andrew Paul Hutchins, Zhongzhou Yang, Yi Zheng, Jian Zhang, Yongli Shan, Xuejia Li, Baojian Liao, Jiajun Liu, Jinyong Wang, Bing Liu, Guangjin Pan
The transition from hemogenic endothelial cells (HECs) to hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HS/PCs), or endothelial to hematopoietic transition (EHT), is a critical step during hematopoiesis. However, little is known about the molecular determinants of HECs due to the challenge in defining HECs. We report here the generation of GATA2(w/eGFP) reporter in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) to mark cells expressing GATA2, a critical gene for EHT. We show that during differentiation, functional HECs are almost exclusively GATA2/eGFP(+)...
October 12, 2016: Stem Cell Reports
Wei Guan, Fangyun Cheng, Hao Wu, Qing Cao, Xiaofei Zhu, Yan Fan, Huixia Zhu, Yajun Zhou
Accumulating evidence reveals that hormone leptin, mainly produced by adipocyte, plays a unique role in promotion of liver fibrosis. Hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation is a key step in liver fibrosis and peroxisome-proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ) exerts a crucial role in inhibition of HSC activation. Our previous researches demonstrated that leptin reduced PPARγ1 (a major subtype of PPARγ in HSCs) expression through GATA binding protein 2 (GATA2) binding to a site around -2323 in PPARγ1 promoter...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Sumantra Chatterjee, Ashish Kapoor, Jennifer A Akiyama, Dallas R Auer, Dongwon Lee, Stacey Gabriel, Courtney Berrios, Len A Pennacchio, Aravinda Chakravarti
Common sequence variants in cis-regulatory elements (CREs) are suspected etiological causes of complex disorders. We previously identified an intronic enhancer variant in the RET gene disrupting SOX10 binding and increasing Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) risk 4-fold. We now show that two other functionally independent CRE variants, one binding Gata2 and the other binding Rarb, also reduce Ret expression and increase risk 2- and 1.7-fold. By studying human and mouse fetal gut tissues and cell lines, we demonstrate that reduced RET expression propagates throughout its gene regulatory network, exerting effects on both its positive and negative feedback components...
October 6, 2016: Cell
L-W Ding, T Ikezoe, K-T Tan, M Mori, A Mayakonda, W Chien, D-C Lin, Y-Y Jiang, M Lill, H Yang, Q-Y Sun, H P Koeffler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Yangsook Song Green, Sunjong Kwon, Mizuho S Mimoto, Yuanyuan Xie, Jan L Christian
In Xenopus laevis, Bone morphogenetic proteins induce expression of the transcription factor Gata2 during gastrulation, and Gata2 is required in both ectodermal and mesodermal cells to enable mesoderm to commit to a hematopoietic fate. In the current studies, we identify tril as a Gata2 target gene that is required in both ectoderm and mesoderm for primitive hematopoiesis to occur. Tril is a transmembrane protein that functions as a co-receptor for Toll like receptors to mediate innate immune responses in the adult brain, but developmental roles for this molecule have not been identified...
September 15, 2016: Development
Huan-You Wang, Hooman H Rashidi
Context .- Inv(3)(q21q26)/t(3;3)(q21;q26.2) is the most common form of genetic abnormality of the so-called 3q21q26 syndrome. Myeloid neoplasms with 3q21q26 aberrancies include acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and blast crisis of myeloproliferative neoplasms. Recent advances on myeloid neoplasms with inv(3)/t(3;3) with regard to clinicopathologic features and novel molecular or genomic findings warrant a comprehensive review on this topic. Objective .- To review the clinicopathologic features and molecular as well as genomic alterations in myeloid neoplasms with inv(3)/t(3;3)...
September 15, 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Michela Guaraldo, Paolo Santambrogio, Elisabetta Rovelli, Augusta Di Savino, Giuseppe Saglio, Davide Cittaro, Antonella Roetto, Sonia Levi
Mitochondrial ferritin (FtMt) is an iron storage protein belonging to the ferritin family but, unlike the cytosolic ferritin, it has an iron-unrelated restricted tissue expression. FtMt appears to be preferentially expressed in cell types characterized by high metabolic activity and oxygen consumption, suggesting a role in protecting mitochondria from iron-dependent oxidative damage. The human gene (FTMT) is intronless and its promoter region has not been described yet. To analyze the regulatory mechanisms controlling FTMT expression, we characterized the 5' flanking region upstream the transcriptional starting site of FTMT by in silico enquiry of sequences conservation, DNA deletion analysis, and ChIP assay...
2016: Scientific Reports
Chao Shen, Ming-Tai Chen, Xin-Hua Zhang, Xiao-Lin Yin, Hong-Mei Ning, Rui Su, Hai-Shuang Lin, Li Song, Fang Wang, Yan-Ni Ma, Hua-Lu Zhao, Jia Yu, Jun-Wu Zhang
MicroRNA-22 (miR-22) is emerging as a critical regulator in organ development and various cancers. However, its role in normal hematopoiesis and leukaemogenesis remains unclear. Here, we detected its increased expression during monocyte/macrophage differentiation of HL-60, THP1 cells and CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells, and confirmed that PU.1, a key transcriptional factor for monocyte/macrophage differentiation, is responsible for transcriptional activation of miR-22 during the differentiation. By gain- and loss-of-function experiments, we demonstrated that miR-22 promoted monocyte/macrophage differentiation, and MECOM (EVI1) mRNA is a direct target of miR-22 and MECOM (EVI1) functions as a negative regulator in the differentiation...
September 2016: PLoS Genetics
Charles A S Banks, Gina Boanca, Zachary T Lee, Cassandra G Eubanks, Gaye L Hattem, Allison Peak, Lauren E Weems, Juliana J Conkright, Laurence Florens, Michael P Washburn
The NF-κB family of transcription factors is pivotal in controlling cellular responses to environmental stresses; abnormal NF-κB signaling features in many autoimmune diseases and cancers. Several components of the NF-κB signaling pathway have been reported to interact with the protein TNIP2 (also known as ABIN2), and TNIP2 can both positively and negatively regulate NF-κB- dependent transcription of target genes. However, the function of TNIP2 remains elusive and the cellular machinery associating with TNIP2 has not been systematically defined...
September 8, 2016: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Jana P Lovell, Christa S Zerbe, Kenneth N Olivier, Reginald J Claypool, Cathleen Frein, Victoria L Anderson, Alexandra F Freeman, Steven M Holland
RATIONALE: Mycobacterium kansasii usually causes chronic pulmonary infections in immunocompetent patients. In contrast, disseminated M. kansasii disease is commonly associated with advanced HIV infection, but is reported infrequently in other immunocompromised patients. OBJECTIVES: To identify common clinical manifestations and potential risk factors for M. kansasii infection in patients with GATA2 deficiency. METHODS: We reviewed M. kansasii disease associated with GATA2 deficiency at one institution and disease associated with primary and other immunodeficiencies reported in the literature...
September 8, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Santosh Gupta, Jing Li, Gabor Kemeny, Rhonda L Bitting, Joshua Beaver, Jason Somarelli, Kathryn E Ware, Simon Gregory, Andrew J Armstrong
PURPOSE: Beyond enumeration, circulating tumor cells (CTCs) can provide genetic information from metastatic cancer that may facilitate a greater understanding of tumor biology and enable a precision medicine approach. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: CTCs and paired leukocytes from men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) were isolated from blood through red cell lysis, CD45 depletion, and flow sorting based on EpCAM/CD45 expression. We next performed whole genomic copy number analysis of CTCs and matched patient leukocytes (germline) using array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) from 16 men with mCRPC, including longitudinal and sequential CTCs aCGH analyses in the context of enzalutamide therapy...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vannina G Marrachelli, Pilar Rentero, María L Mansego, Jose Manuel Morales, Inma Galan, Mercedes Pardo-Tendero, Fernando Martinez, Juan Carlos Martin-Escudero, Laisa Briongos, Felipe Javier Chaves, Josep Redon, Daniel Monleon
BACKGROUND: To identify metabolomic and genomic markers associated with the presence of clustering of cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRFs) from a general population. METHODS AND FINDINGS: One thousand five hundred and two subjects, Caucasian, > 18 years, representative of the general population, were included. Blood pressure measurement, anthropometric parameters and metabolic markers were measured. Subjects were grouped according the number of CMRFs (Group 1: <2; Group 2: 2; Group 3: 3 or more CMRFs)...
2016: PloS One
Peter Gergics, Helen C Christian, Monica S Choo, Adnan Ajmal, Sally A Camper
Thyrotrope hyperplasia and hypertrophy are common responses to primary hypothyroidism. To understand the genetic regulation of these processes, we studied gene expression changes in the pituitaries of Cga(-/-) mice, which are deficient in the common α-subunit of TSH, LH, and FSH. These mice have thyrotrope hypertrophy and hyperplasia and develop thyrotrope adenoma. We report that cell proliferation is increased, but the expression of most stem cell markers is unchanged. The α-subunit is required for secretion of the glycoprotein hormone β-subunits, and mutants exhibit elevated expression of many genes involved in the unfolded protein response, consistent with dilation and stress of the endoplasmic reticulum...
September 2016: Endocrinology
Sandra Durante, Silvia Vecchiarelli, Annalisa Astolfi, Elisa Grassi, Riccardo Casadei, Donatella Santini, Riccardo Panzacchi, Claudio Ricci, Salvatore Serravalle, Giuseppe Tarantino, Mirella Falconi, Gabriella Teti, Valentina Indio, Andrea Pession, Francesco Minni, Guido Biasco, Mariacristina Di Marco
BACKGROUND: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) is the most common cystic preneoplastic lesion of pancreatic cancer. We used an approach coupling high resolution cytogenetic analysis (Affymetrix Oncoscan FFPE Array) with clinically-oriented bioinformatic interpretation of data to understand the most relevant alterations of precursor lesions at different stages to identify new diagnostic markers. RESULTS: We identified multiple copy number alterations, particularly in lesions with severe dysplasia, with 7 IPMN with low-intermediate dysplasia carrying a nearly normal karyotype and 13 IPMN with complex Karyotype (> 4 alterations), showing high grade dysplasia...
August 22, 2016: Oncotarget
Koichi R Katsumura, Irene M Ong, Andrew W DeVilbiss, Rajendran Sanalkumar, Emery H Bresnick
The master regulatory transcription factor GATA-2 triggers hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell generation. GATA2 haploinsufficiency is implicated in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and GATA2 overexpression portends a poor prognosis for AML. However, the constituents of the GATA-2-dependent genetic network mediating pathogenesis are unknown. We described a p38-dependent mechanism that phosphorylates GATA-2 and increases GATA-2 target gene activation. We demonstrate that this mechanism establishes a growth-promoting chemokine/cytokine circuit in AML cells...
August 30, 2016: Cell Reports
Monica Colitti, Bruno Stefanon
Several natural compounds exhibit strong capacity for decreasing triglyceride accumulation, enhancing lipolysis and inducing apoptosis. The present study reports the anti-adipogenic effects of Silybum marianum (SL), Citrus aurantium (CA), Taraxacum officinale (TO), resveratrol (RE), Curcuma longa (CU), caffeine (CF), oleuropein (OL) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in reducing differentiation and increasing lipolysis and apoptosis. Analyses were performed on human primary visceral pre-adipocytes after 10 (P10) and 20 (P20) days of treatment during differentiation and on mature adipocytes after 7 days of treatment (A7)...
2016: EXCLI journal
Yun Guan, Weiqun Li, Zhaohua Hou, Qiuju Han, Peixiang Lan, Jian Zhang, Zhigang Tian, Cai Zhang
Decreased expression of NKG2D ligands on HBV-infected human hepatoma cells impairs NK cells lysis. However, which components of HBV exert this effect and the precise mechanisms need to be further investigated. In the present study, we observed that the HBx and HBc genes significantly down-regulated MICA expression. Through analysis with the chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, we found that HBV infection promotes the expression of transcription factors GATA-2 and GATA-3, which specifically suppressed MICA/B expression by directly binding to the promoter region of MICA/B...
August 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Roberta Zini, Chiara Rossi, Ruggiero Norfo, Valentina Pennucci, Greta Barbieri, Samantha Ruberti, Sebastiano Rontauroli, Simona Salati, Elisa Bianchi, Rossella Manfredini
microRNAs are key regulators of gene expression that control stem cell fate by posttranscriptional downregulation of hundreds of target genes through seed pairing in their 3' untranslated region. In fact, miRNAs tightly regulate fundamental stem cell processes, like self-renewal, proliferation, and differentiation; therefore, miRNA deregulation may contribute to the development of solid tumors and hematological malignancies. miR-382-5p has been found to be upregulated in patients with myeloid neoplasms, but its role in normal hematopoiesis is still unknown...
October 1, 2016: Stem Cells and Development
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"