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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913495/germ-line-mutations-associated-with-leukemias
#1
Christopher C Porter
Several genetic syndromes have long been associated with a predisposition to the development of leukemia, including bone marrow failure syndromes, Down syndrome, and Li Fraumeni syndrome. Recent work has better defined the leukemia risk and outcomes in these syndromes. Also, in the last several years, a number of other germ line mutations have been discovered to define new leukemia predisposition syndromes, including ANKRD26, GATA2, PAX5, ETV6, and DDX41 In addition, data suggest that a substantial proportion of patients with therapy related leukemias harbor germ line mutations in DNA damage response genes such as BRCA1/2 and TP53 Recognition of clinical associations, acquisition of a thorough family history, and high index-of-suspicion are critical in the diagnosis of these leukemia predisposition syndromes...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819178/myelodysplastic-syndromes-and-acute-leukemia-with-genetic-predispositions-a-new-challenge-for-hematologists
#2
Nicolas Duployez, Sophie Lejeune, Aline Renneville, Claude Preudhomme
The determination of an underlying genetic predisposition is not automatically part of the diagnosis of hematological malignancies (HM) in routine practice. However, it is assumed that genetic predispositions to HM are currently underestimated due to great variations in disease phenotype, variable latency and incomplete penetrance. Most of patients do not display any biological or clinical signs besides the overt hematological disease and many of them have a lack of personal or family history of malignancies...
December 2016: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790247/pleiotropic-meta-analyses-of-longitudinal-studies-discover-novel-genetic-variants-associated-with-age-related-diseases
#3
Liang He, Yelena Kernogitski, Irina Kulminskaya, Yury Loika, Konstantin G Arbeev, Elena Loiko, Olivia Bagley, Matt Duan, Arseniy Yashkin, Svetlana V Ukraintseva, Mikhail Kovtun, Anatoliy I Yashin, Alexander M Kulminski
Age-related diseases may result from shared biological mechanisms in intrinsic processes of aging. Genetic effects on age-related diseases are often modulated by environmental factors due to their little contribution to fitness or are mediated through certain endophenotypes. Identification of genetic variants with pleiotropic effects on both common complex diseases and endophenotypes may reveal potential conflicting evolutionary pressures and deliver new insights into shared genetic contribution to healthspan and lifespan...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365488/clinical-and-pathogenetic-features-of-etv6-related-thrombocytopenia-with-predisposition-to-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#4
Federica Melazzini, Flavia Palombo, Alessandra Balduini, Daniela De Rocco, Caterina Marconi, Patrizia Noris, Chiara Gnan, Tommaso Pippucci, Valeria Bozzi, Michela Faleschini, Serena Barozzi, Michael Doubek, Christian A Di Buduo, Katerina Stano Kozubik, Lenka Radova, Giuseppe Loffredo, Sarka Pospisilova, Caterina Alfano, Marco Seri, Carlo L Balduini, Alessandro Pecci, Anna Savoia
ETV6-related thrombocytopenia (ETV6-RT) is an autosomal dominant thrombocytopenia that has been recently identified in a few families and has been suspected to predispose to hematological malignancies. To gain further information on this disorder, we searched for ETV6 mutations in the 130 families with inherited thrombocytopenia of unknown origin from our cohort of 274 consecutive pedigrees with familial thrombocytopenia. We identified 20 ETV6-RT patients from 7 pedigrees. They have 5 different ETV6 variants, including three novel mutations affecting the highly conserved E26 transformation-specific domain...
June 30, 2016: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276516/successful-use-of-eltrombopag-for-surgical-preparation-in-a-patient-with-ankrd26-related-thrombocytopenia
#5
Mathieu Fiore, Noémie Saut, Marie-Christine Alessi, Jean-François Viallard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248996/hereditary-predispositions-to-myelodysplastic-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Sarah A Bannon, Courtney D DiNardo
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are heterogeneous clonal hematopoietic disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, bone marrow dysplasia, and peripheral cytopenias. Familial forms of MDS have traditionally been considered rare, especially in adults; however, the increasing availability of somatic and germline genetic analyses has identified multiple susceptibility loci. Bone marrow failure syndromes have been well-described in the pediatric setting, e.g., Fanconi anemia (FA), dyskeratosis congenita (DC), Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA), and Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SBS), hallmarked by clinically-recognizable phenotypes (e...
May 30, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123948/clinical-and-laboratory-characteristics-in-congenital-ankrd26-mutation-associated-thrombocytopenia-a-detailed-phenotypic-study-of-a-family
#7
Juliana Perez Botero, Dong Chen, Rong He, David S Viswanatha, Julie A Majerus, Lea M Coon, Phuong L Nguyen, Karen K Reichard, Jennifer L Oliveira, Ayalew Tefferi, Naseema Gangat, Rajiv K Pruthi, Mrinal M Patnaik
The clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with non-syndromic, autosomal dominant thrombocytopenia secondary to germ line ANKRD26 mutations appear to be heterogeneous. Except for a targeted molecular genotyping approach, there is no distinct clinical or laboratory phenotype that has been specifically associated with this particular gene mutation. Such heterogeneity could be due to variations in mutation and genetic background in different families. To understand the phenotypic heterogeneity, we thoroughly studied one affected family using the International Society for Thrombosis and Haemostasis bleeding assessment tool and both clinically validated standard and esoteric platelet testing (electron microscopy (EM) and flow cytometry)...
April 28, 2016: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108925/ankrd26-normocytic-thrombocytopenia-a-family-report
#8
Anne Vincenot, Marie-Françoise Hurtaud-Roux, Olivier René, Sylvie Binard, Odile Fenneteau, Nicole Schlegel
We report the identification of a new case of familial non syndromic severe thrombocytopenia. Bleeding was mild and no extra-haematological symptoms were found. Platelet morphology was normal as well as the quantitative expression of platelet membrane glycoproteins. Platelet functions could not be studied due to the intensity of the thrombocytopenia. Molecular analysis identified a mutation located in the promoter of the ankyrin repeat domain 26 (ANKRD26) gene, c.-127A>T, recently reported to be responsible of normocytic thrombocytopenia, but also of a possible increased risk of leukemia/myelodysplasia...
June 1, 2016: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26884589/spectrum-of-clinical-and-genetic-features-of-patients-with-inherited-platelet-disorder-with-suspected-predisposition-to-hematological-malignancies-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#9
A Yoshimi, T Toya, Y Nannya, K Takaoka, K Kirito, E Ito, H Nakajima, Y Hayashi, T Takahashi, A Moriya-Saito, K Suzuki, H Harada, N Komatsu, K Usuki, M Ichikawa, M Kurokawa
BACKGROUND: Inherited thrombocytopenia (IT) contains several forms of familial thrombocytopenia and some of them have propensity to hematological malignancies. The etiological and genetic features of this heterogeneous syndrome have not yet been elucidated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a nationwide survey to collect clinical information and samples from patients with familial thrombocytopenia and/or hematological malignancies in order to obtain a comprehensive understanding of IT...
May 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26876264/-clinical-and-genetic-background-of-familial-myelodysplasia-and-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#10
REVIEW
Péter Attila Király, Krisztián Kállay, Dóra Marosvári, Gábor Benyó, Anita Szőke, Judit Csomor, Csaba Bödör
Myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukaemia are mainly sporadic diseases, however, rare familial cases exist. These disorders are considered rare, but are likely to be more common than currently appreciated, and are characterized by the autosomal dominant mutations of hematopoietic transcription factors. These syndromes have typical phenotypic features and are associated with an increased risk for developing overt malignancy. Currently, four recognized syndromes could be separated: familial acute myeloid leukemia with mutated CEBPA, familial myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia with mutated GATA2, familial platelet disorder with propensity to myeloid malignancy with RUNX1 mutations, and telomere biology disorders due to mutations of TERC or TERT...
February 21, 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26418419/comprehensive-identification-of-sexual-dimorphism-associated-differentially-expressed-genes-in-two-way-factorial-designed-rna-seq-data-on-japanese-quail-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#11
Kelsey Caetano-Anolles, Minseok Seo, Sandra Rodriguez-Zas, Jae-Don Oh, Jae Yong Han, Kichoon Lee, Tae Sub Park, Sangsu Shin, Zhang Jiao Jiao, Mrinmoy Ghosh, Dong Kee Jeong, Seoae Cho, Heebal Kim, Ki-Duk Song, Hak-Kyo Lee
Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) reach sexual maturity earlier, breed rapidly and successfully, and cost less and require less space than other birds raised commercially. Given the value of this species for food production and experimental use, more studies are necessary to determine chromosomal regions and genes associated with gender and breed-differentiation. This study employed Trinity and edgeR for transcriptome analysis of next-generation RNA-seq data, which included 4 tissues obtained from 3 different breeding lines of Japanese quail (random bred control, heavy weight, low weight)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26175287/analyses-of-genetic-and-clinical-parameters-for-screening-patients-with-inherited-thrombocytopenia-with-small-or-normal-sized-platelets
#12
Meri Ouchi-Uchiyama, Yoji Sasahara, Atsuo Kikuchi, Kumiko Goi, Takaya Nakane, Mitsuru Ikeno, Yasushi Noguchi, Naokuni Uike, Yuji Miyajima, Kousaku Matsubara, Katsuyoshi Koh, Kanji Sugita, Masue Imaizumi, Shigeo Kure
BACKGROUND: Childhood thrombocytopenias include immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and inherited thrombocytopenia; the former is caused by autoantibodies to platelets, whereas the latter can be distinguished by platelet size and underlying genetic mutations. Due to limited methods for the definite diagnosis of ITP, genetic and clinical parameters are required for diagnosing inherited thrombocytopenias with small or normal-sized platelets. PROCEDURE: In total, 32 Japanese patients with thrombocytopenia with small or normal-sized platelets from 29 families were enrolled...
December 2015: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26042666/putative-regulatory-factors-associated-with-intramuscular-fat-content
#13
Aline S M Cesar, Luciana C A Regitano, James E Koltes, Eric R Fritz-Waters, Dante P D Lanna, Gustavo Gasparin, Gerson B Mourão, Priscila S N Oliveira, James M Reecy, Luiz L Coutinho
Intramuscular fat (IMF) content is related to insulin resistance, which is an important prediction factor for disorders, such as cardiovascular disease, obesity and type 2 diabetes in human. At the same time, it is an economically important trait, which influences the sensorial and nutritional value of meat. The deposition of IMF is influenced by many factors such as sex, age, nutrition, and genetics. In this study Nellore steers (Bos taurus indicus subspecies) were used to better understand the molecular mechanisms involved in IMF content...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26001113/asxl1-mutated-chronic-myelomonocytic-leukemia-in-a-patient-with-familial-thrombocytopenia-secondary-to-germline-mutation-in-ankrd26
#14
LETTER
J Perez Botero, J L Oliveira, D Chen, K K Reichard, D S Viswanatha, P L Nguyen, R K Pruthi, J Majerus, P Gada, N Gangat, A Tefferi, M M Patnaik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Blood Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25902755/childhood-diagnosis-of-genetic-thrombocytopenia-with-mutation-in-the-ankyrine-repeat-domain-26-gene
#15
H Boutroux, A Petit, A Auvrignon, H Lapillonne, P Ballerini, R Favier, G Leverger
UNLABELLED: The most common diagnosis for pediatric thrombocytopenia is immune thrombocytopenia. Nevertheless, in atypical cases, the hypothesis of an inherited thrombocytopenia has to be investigated. We report a series of cases of a newly described entity, genetic thrombocytopenia with mutation in the ankyrine 26 gene, diagnosed from the exploration of five pediatric cases of thrombocytopenia. This entity is characterized by a moderate thrombocytopenia with normal mean platelet volume, and poorly bleeding...
October 2015: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25052253/an-update-of-the-goat-genome-assembly-using-dense-radiation-hybrid-maps-allows-detailed-analysis-of-evolutionary-rearrangements-in-bovidae
#16
Xiaoyong Du, Bertrand Servin, James E Womack, Jianhua Cao, Mei Yu, Yang Dong, Wen Wang, Shuhong Zhao
BACKGROUND: The domestic goat (Capra hircus), an important livestock species, belongs to a clade of Ruminantia, Bovidae, together with cattle, buffalo and sheep. The history of genome evolution and chromosomal rearrangements on a small scale in ruminants remain speculative. Recently completed goat genome sequence was released but is still in a draft stage. The draft sequence used a variety of assembly packages, as well as a radiation hybrid (RH) map of chromosome 1 as part of its validation...
2014: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24633808/a-novel-form-of-ciliopathy-underlies-hyperphagia-and-obesity-in-ankrd26-knockout-mice
#17
Peter Acs, Peter O Bauer, Balazs Mayer, Tapan Bera, Rhonda Macallister, Eva Mezey, Ira Pastan
Human ciliopathies are genetic disorders caused by mutations in genes responsible for the formation and function of primary cilia. Some are associated with hyperphagia and obesity (e.g., Bardet-Biedl Syndrome, Alström Syndrome), but the mechanisms underlying these problems are not fully understood. The human gene ANKRD26 is located on 10p12, a locus that is associated with some forms of hereditary obesity. Previously, we reported that disruption of this gene causes hyperphagia, obesity and gigantism in mice...
2015: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24430186/thrombocytopenia-associated-mutations-in-the-ankrd26-regulatory-region-induce-mapk-hyperactivation
#18
Dominique Bluteau, Alessandra Balduini, Nathalie Balayn, Manuela Currao, Paquita Nurden, Caroline Deswarte, Guy Leverger, Patrizia Noris, Silverio Perrotta, Eric Solary, William Vainchenker, Najet Debili, Remi Favier, Hana Raslova
Point mutations in the 5' UTR of ankyrin repeat domain 26 (ANKRD26) are associated with familial thrombocytopenia 2 (THC2) and a predisposition to leukemia. Here, we identified underlying mechanisms of ANKRD26-associated thrombocytopenia. Using megakaryocytes (MK) isolated from THC2 patients and healthy subjects, we demonstrated that THC2-associated mutations in the 5' UTR of ANKRD26 resulted in loss of runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) and friend leukemia integration 1 transcription factor (FLI1) binding...
February 2014: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23677566/-mild-bleeding-diathesis-in-a-62-year-old-woman-with-hereditary-thrombocytopenia
#19
R Ventz, M Hundemer, M Witzens-Harig, B Lehmann, U Felbor, J Najm
A 62-year-old woman presented with severe, isolated thrombocytopenia. Due to the positive family history and normal thrombocyte morphology ANKRD26-associated thrombocytopenia 2 (THC2) was suspected. The diagnosis was confirmed by DNA sequencing. Although this is the first case report on THC2 in Germany, we anticipate that THC2 might be a frequent cause of hereditary thrombocytopenia. A specific therapy was not necessary, but would consist of platelet supplementation.
June 2013: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23636669/pathogenesis-and-management-of-inherited-thrombocytopenias-rationale-for-the-use-of-thrombopoietin-receptor-agonists
#20
REVIEW
Alessandro Pecci
Knowledge in the field of inherited thrombocytopenias (ITs) has considerably improved over the recent years. In the last 5 years, nine new genes whose mutations are responsible for thrombocytopenia have been identified, and this also led to the recognition of several novel nosographic entities, such as thrombocytopenias deriving from mutations in CYCS, TUBB1, FLNA, ITGA2B/ITGB3, ANKRD26 and ACTN1. The identification of novel molecular alterations causing thrombocytopenia together with improvement of methodologies to study megakaryopoiesis led to considerable advances in understanding pathophysiology of ITs, thus providing the background for proposing new treatments...
July 2013: International Journal of Hematology
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