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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647414/effect-of-different-packaging-materials-containing-poly-2-tert-butylamino-methylstyrene-on-the-growth-of-spoilage-and-pathogenic-bacteria-on-fresh-meat
#1
S Dohlen, C Braun, F Brodkorb, B Fischer, Y Ilg, K Kalbfleisch, R Lorenz, M Kreyenschmidt, J Kreyenschmidt
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of novel antimicrobial packaging materials containing poly-[2-(tertbutylamino) methylstyrene] (poly(TBAMS)) on the growth of typical spoilage and pathogenic bacteria present on meat. The antimicrobial activity of materials containing different poly(TBAMS) concentrations was determined by comparing the bacterial counts on reference and sample materials at different temperatures and times and in the presence of meat components. Storage tests with poultry fillets and veal cutlets were conducted with samples vacuum packaged in the reference foil and foil containing 10% poly(TBAMS)...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641007/palladium-catalyzed-sn2-cyclization-of-ambivalent-bromoalkadienyl-malonates-preparation-of-medium-to-large-membered-endocyclic-allenes
#2
Hiroaki Ichio, Hidetoshi Murakami, Yen-Chou Chen, Tamotsu Takahashi, Masamichi Ogasawara
A palladium-catalyzed reaction of preparing various endocyclic allenes was developed. The substrates for the reaction were readily available ω-(pronucleophile-tethered)-3-bromo-1,3-alkadienes, and a palladium-catalyst facilitated their unimolecular SN2'-cyclization in the presence of potassium tert-butoxide to give the corresponding 9- to 16-membered endocyclic allenes in fair yields of up to 67% together with the dimeric 16- to 32-membered endocyclic bis-allenes and other oligomeric/polymeric intermolecular reaction products...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640992/crystalline-organic-pigment-based-field-effect-transistors
#3
Haichang Zhang, Ruonan Deng, Jing Wang, Xiang Li, Yu-Ming Chen, Kewei Liu, Clinton J Taubert, Stephen Z D Cheng, Yu Zhu
Three conjugated pigment molecules with fused hydrogen bonds, 3,7-diphenylpyrrolo[2,3-f]indole-2,6(1H,5H)-dione (BDP), (E)-6,6'-dibromo-[3,3'-biindolinylidene]-2,2'-dione (IIDG), and 3,6-di(thiophen-2-yl)-2,5-dihydropyrrolo-[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4-dione (TDPP), were studied in this work. The insoluble pigment molecules were functionalized with tert-butoxylcarbonyl (t-Boc) groups to form soluble pigment precursors (BDP-Boc, IIDG-Boc, and TDPP-Boc) with latent hydrogen bonding. The single crystals of soluble pigment precursors were obtained...
June 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640640/dialkylammonium-tert-butylmethylphosphinites-stable-intermediates-for-the-synthesis-of-p-stereogenic-ligands
#4
Ernest Salomó, Amparo Prades, Antoni Riera, Xavier Verdaguer
The preparation of shelf-stable crystalline salts of tert-butylmethylphosphinous acid borane 1 is described. X-ray analysis of diisopropylammonium tert-butylmethylphosphinite borane 6 revealed the presence of a cyclic hydrogen-bond network in the solid state which accounts for an increased melting point and stability. Dialkylammonium phosphinite boranes are convenient precursors of the chiral tert-butylmethylphosphine fragment. Compound 6 can be used directly in SN2@P reactions with various nucleophiles to yield valuable P-stereogenic intermediates and ligands...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639651/ru-catalyzed-highly-diastereoselective-hydrogenation-of-n-tert-butylsulfinyl-ketimines-for-the-synthesis-of-aryl-glycine-derivatives
#5
Qiaoling Wei, Feng Zhang, Xiaofang Zhao, Chao Wang, Jianliang Xiao, Weijun Tang
A ruthenium pincer catalyst has been shown to be highly efficient for the hydrogenation of a wide range of α-ketimino esters derived from α-keto esters and chiral 2-methylpropyl-2-sulfinamide, affording chiral aryl glycine derivatives with high yields and diasteroselectivities (20 examples, dr values up to 99 : 1).
June 22, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639280/mutational-profiles-of-brenner-tumors-show-distinctive-features-uncoupling-urothelial-carcinomas-and-ovarian-carcinoma-with-transitional-cell-histology
#6
Nicole Pfarr, Silvia Darb-Esfahani, Jonas Leichsenring, Eliane Taube, Melanie Boxberg, Ioana Braicu, Moritz Jesinghaus, Roland Penzel, Volker Endris, Aurelia Noske, Wilko Weichert, Peter Schirmacher, Carsten Denkert, Albrecht Stenzinger
Brenner tumors (BT) are rare ovarian tumors encompassing benign, borderline and malignant variants. While the histopathology of BTs and their clinical course is well described, little is known about the underlying genetic defects. We employed targeted next generation sequencing to analyze the mutational landscape in a cohort of 23 BT cases (17 benign, 2 borderline, 4 malignant) and 3 ovarian carcinomas with transitional cell histology (TCC). Copy number variations (CNV) were validated by fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) and quantitative PCR-based copy number assays...
June 22, 2017: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638988/same-day-genomic-and-epigenomic-diagnosis-of-brain-tumors-using-real-time-nanopore-sequencing
#7
Philipp Euskirchen, Franck Bielle, Karim Labreche, Wigard P Kloosterman, Shai Rosenberg, Mailys Daniau, Charlotte Schmitt, Julien Masliah-Planchon, Franck Bourdeaut, Caroline Dehais, Yannick Marie, Jean-Yves Delattre, Ahmed Idbaih
Molecular classification of cancer has entered clinical routine to inform diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment decisions. At the same time, new tumor entities have been identified that cannot be defined histologically. For central nervous system tumors, the current World Health Organization classification explicitly demands molecular testing, e.g., for 1p/19q-codeletion or IDH mutations, to make an integrated histomolecular diagnosis. However, a plethora of sophisticated technologies is currently needed to assess different genomic and epigenomic alterations and turnaround times are in the range of weeks, which makes standardized and widespread implementation difficult and hinders timely decision making...
June 21, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638658/different-intra-and-inter-molecular-hydrogen-bonding-patterns-in-3s-4as-8as-2-2r-3s-3-2-5-x2-benzamido-2-2-5-x2-benzo-yloxy-4-phenyl-butyl-n-tert-butyldeca-hydro-iso-quinoline-3-carboxamides-x-h-or-cl-compounds-with-moderate-aspartyl-protease-inhibition-activity
#8
Wilson Cunico, Maria de Lourdes G Ferreira, James L Wardell, William T A Harrison
The crystal structures of (3S,4aS,8aS)-2-[(2R,3S)-3-benzamido-2-benzo-yloxy-4-phenyl-but-yl]-N-tert-butyldeca-hydro-iso-quinoline-3-carboxamide, C38H47N3O4, (I), and (3S,4aS,8aS)-2-[(2R,3S)-3-(2,5-di-chloro-benzamido)-2-(2,5-di-chloro-benzo-yloxy)-4-phenyl-but-yl]-N-tert-butyldeca-hydro-iso-quinoline-3-carboxamide, C38H43Cl4N3O4, (II), are described. Despite their chemical similarity, they adopt different conformations in the solid state: (I) features a bifurcated intra-molecular N-H⋯(N,O) hydrogen bond from the tert-butylamide NH group to the piperidine N atom and the benzoate O atom, whereas (II) has an intra-molecular N-H⋯O link from the benzamide NH group to the tert-butyl-amide O atom...
June 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638140/imaging-dynamic-fingerprints-of-competing-e2-and-sn2-reactions
#9
Eduardo Carrascosa, Jennifer Meyer, Jiaxu Zhang, Martin Stei, Tim Michaelsen, William L Hase, Li Yang, Roland Wester
The competition between bimolecular nucleophilic substitution and base-induced elimination is of fundamental importance for the synthesis of pure samples in organic chemistry. Many factors that influence this competition have been identified over the years, but the underlying atomistic dynamics have remained difficult to observe. We present product velocity distributions for a series of reactive collisions of the type X(-) + RY with X and Y denoting the halogen atoms fluorine, chlorine and iodine. By increasing the size of the residue R from methyl to tert-butyl in several steps, we find that the dynamics drastically change from backward to dominant forward scattering of the leaving ion relative to the reactant RY velocity...
June 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637941/a-novel-danshensu-tetramethylpyrazine-conjugate-dt-010-provides-cardioprotection-through-the-pgc-1%C3%AE-nrf2-ho-1-pathway
#10
Xiaojing Zhang, Huihui Hu, Jingxiong Luo, Huixing Deng, Pei Yu, Zaijun Zhang, Gaoxiao Zhang, Luchen Shan, Yuqiang Wang
In this study, we investigated the cardioprotective mechanisms of action of DT-010, a novel danshensu-tetramethylpyrazine conjugate. DT-010 significantly preserved cell viability and suppressed cell apoptosis in H9c2 cells injured by tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BHP), iodoacetic acid (IAA) and hypoxia-reoxygenation. In addition, DT-010 pre-treatment reduced the intracellular level of free radicals including superoxide anion (•O2(-)), hydroxyl radical (•OH) and peroxynitrite anion (ONOO(-)) after t-BHP exposure...
June 22, 2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634282/genomic-alterations-in-fatal-forms-of-non-anaplastic-thyroid-cancer-identification-of-med12-and-rbm10-as-novel-thyroid-cancer-genes-associated-with-tumor-virulence
#11
Tihana Ibrahimpasic, Bin Xu, Iñigo Landa, Snjezana Dogan, Sumit Middha, Venkatraman Seshan, Shyamprasad Deraje Vasudeva, Diane Carlson, Jocelyn Migliacci, Jeffrey A Knauf, Brian R Untch, Michael F Berger, Luc Gt Morris, R Michael Tuttle, Timothy A Chan, James A Fagin, Ronald Ghossein, Ian Ganly
Purpose. Patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer have a very high death rate. In contrast, deaths from non-anaplastic thyroid cancer are much less common. The genetic alterations in fatal non-anaplastic thyroid cancers have not been reported. <p>Experimental Design. We performed next-generation sequencing of 410 cancer genes from 57 fatal non-anaplastic thyroid primary cancers. Results were compared to The Cancer Genome Atlas study (TCGA study) of papillary thyroid cancers (PTC) and to the genomic changes reported in anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC)...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628981/biodiesel-synthesis-from-calophyllum-inophyllum-oil-with-different-supercritical-fluids
#12
Neha Lamba, Kaveri Gupta, Jayant M Modak, Giridhar Madras
Biodiesel or fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) is primarily synthesized using edible vegetable oils and methanol with a catalyst. However, in the present study, FAMEs were synthesized from a non-edible oil (Calophyllum inophyllum also called as sura honne, Punnagam, Alexandrian Laurel) in different supercritical fluids: methanol (MeOH), methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), methyl acetate (MeOAc) and dimethyl carbonate (DMC) non-catalytically. Reactions were performed from 523K to 673K at 30MPa with a molar ratio of 40:1 with times varying from 3min to 3h...
June 8, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628186/knockdown-of-homeobox-containing-1-increases-the-radiosensitivity-of-cervical-cancer-cells-through-telomere-shortening
#13
Shuliang Zhou, Youde Xiao, Yafei Zhuang, Yinyin Liu, Hong Zhao, Hui Yang, Conghua Xie, Fuxiang Zhou, Yunfeng Zhou
Homeobox containing 1 (HMBOX1) modulates telomere length in various types of tumor cells by binding to double‑stranded telomeric DNA. There is a negative correlation between telomere length and radiosensitivity in tumor cells. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the relationship among HMBOX1, telomere and radiosensitivity in cervical cancer cells. Lentivirus-based shRNAs were used to establish stable transfected cell lines in which protein and mRNA levels of HMBOX1 were notably decreased. Knockdown of HMBOX1 increased the radiosensitivity of HeLa and C33A cells...
July 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628184/trends-of-intramolecular-hydrogen-bonding-in-substituted-alcohols-a-deeper-investigation
#14
Lucas J Karas, Patrick R Batista, Renan V Viesser, Cláudio F Tormena, Roberto Rittner, Paulo R de Oliveira
Intramolecular hydrogen bonding (IAHB) is one of the most important intramolecular interactions and a critical element in adopted molecular arrangements. Moreover, slight substitution in a molecule can affect its strength to a great extent. It is well established that alkyl groups play a positive role in IAHB strength. However, the effects that drive it are specific to each system. To investigate the influence of IAHB and its strength dependency on different acyclic compounds, the conformational preferences of propane-1,3-diol, 3-methoxypropan-1-ol, 3-ethoxypropan-1-ol, 3-isopropoxypropan-1-ol, 3-(tert-butoxy)propan-1-ol, butane-1,3-diol, 3-methoxybutan-1-ol, 3-methylbutane-1-diol, and 3-methoxy-3-methylbutan-1-ol were evaluated experimentally using infrared spectroscopy theoretically supported by topological and natural bond orbital analyses...
June 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626550/enantioselective-dearomatization-of-isoquinolines-by-anion-binding-catalysis-en-route-to-cyclic-%C3%AE-aminophosphonates
#15
Abhijnan Ray Choudhury, Santanu Mukherjee
An enantioselective dearomatization of isoquinolines has been developed using chiral anion-binding catalysis. This transformation, catalyzed by a simple and easy to prepare tert-leucine-based thiourea derivative, makes use of silyl phosphite as a nucleophile and generates cyclic α-aminophosphonates. This is the first time asymmetric anion-binding catalysis has been applied to the synthesis of α-aminophosphonates.
December 1, 2016: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624355/3-np-induced-huntington-s-like-disease-impairs-nrf2-activation-without-loss-of-cardiac-function-in-aged-rats
#16
A Silva-Palacios, M Ostolga-Chavarría, M Buelna-Chontal, C Garibay, S Hernández-Reséndiz, F J Roldán, P L Flores, A Luna-López, M Königsberg, C Zazueta
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are one of the leading causes of death in patients over 60years with Huntington's disease (HD). Here, we investigated if age-related oxidative stress (OS) is a relevant factor to develop cardiac damage in an in vivo model of striatal neurodegeneration induced by 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP). We also evaluated the potential effect of tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ) to increase the Nrf2-regulated antioxidant response in hearts from adult and aged rats intoxicated with 3-NP. Our results showed that 3-NP-treatment did not induce cardiac dysfunction, neither in adult nor in aged rats...
June 14, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623266/design-of-a-peripheral-building-block-for-h-bonded-dendritic-frameworks-and-analysis-of-the-void-space-in-the-bulk-dendrimers
#17
Cheng-Hua Lee, Dmitriy V Soldatov, Chung-Hao Tzeng, Long-Li Lai, Kuang-Lieh Lu
Three dendrimers, (t-Bu-G 2 N) 2 , CC(t-Bu-G 1 N) 3 and (t-Bu-G 1 N) 2 , with 3,5-di-tert-butyl amidobenzene as a common peripheral moiety were prepared in 64-83% yields and characterized. The bulk solids had high BET surface areas of 136-138 m(2)/g, which were similar for the three dendrimers in spite of their different molecular weight (ranging from 1791 to 2890). It was concluded that the peripheral amide groups do not imbed in the interstitial space of neighbouring dendrimer molecules but rather build a supramolecular architecture through strong intermolecular H-bonds...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622513/comprehensive-and-integrative-genomic-characterization-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
(no author information available yet)
Liver cancer has the second highest worldwide cancer mortality rate and has limited therapeutic options. We analyzed 363 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cases by whole-exome sequencing and DNA copy number analyses, and we analyzed 196 HCC cases by DNA methylation, RNA, miRNA, and proteomic expression also. DNA sequencing and mutation analysis identified significantly mutated genes, including LZTR1, EEF1A1, SF3B1, and SMARCA4. Significant alterations by mutation or downregulation by hypermethylation in genes likely to result in HCC metabolic reprogramming (ALB, APOB, and CPS1) were observed...
June 15, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621624/use-of-telomerase-promoter-mutations-to-mark-specific-molecular-subsets-with-reciprocal-clinical-behavior-in-idh-mutant-and-idh-wild-type-diffuse-gliomas
#19
Cemaliye B Akyerli, Şirin Yüksel, Özge Can, E Zeynep Erson-Omay, Yavuz Oktay, Erdal Coşgun, Ege Ülgen, Yiğit Erdemgil, Aydın Sav, Andreas von Deimling, Murat Günel, M Cengiz Yakıcıer, M Necmettin Pamir, Koray Özduman
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have established that hemispheric diffuse gliomas may be grouped into subsets on the basis of molecular markers; these subsets are loosely correlated with the histopathological diagnosis but are strong predictors of clinical tumor behavior. Based on an analysis of molecular and clinical parameters, the authors hypothesized that mutations of the telomerase promoter (TERTp-mut) mark separate oncogenic programs among isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and/or 2 (IDH) mutant (IDH-mut) and IDH wild-type (IDH-wt) diffuse gliomas independent of histopathology or WHO grade...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621375/roles-of-phenol-groups-and-auxiliary-ligand-of-copper-ii-complexes-with-tetradentate-ligands-in-the-aerobic-oxidation-of-benzyl-alcohol
#20
Guangli Zhan, Wei Zhong, Zhenhong Wei, Zhenzhen Liu, Xiaoming Liu
Herein, six copper(ii) complexes with multidentate ligands, [Cu(HL1)(OAc)(HOAc)] (1), [Cu(HL2)(OAc)] (2), [Cu(HL3)(OAc)] (3), [CuL4(OAc)] (4), [Cu(HL2)Cl] (5), and [Cu(HL3)Cl] (6) {H2L1 = [bis(3-tert-butyl-2-hydroxybenzyl)](2-pyridylmethyl)amine, H2L2 = [(3-tert-butyl-2-hydoxybenzyl)(3-trifluoromethyl-2-hydroxybenzyl) (2-pyridylmethyl)]amine, H2L3 = [bis(3-trifluoromethyl-2-hydroxybenzyl)] (2-pyridylmethyl)amine, and HL4 = [bis(2-pyridylmethyl)] (3-tert-butyl-2-hydroxybenzyl)amine}, are reported. The complexes were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, high-resolution mass spectrometry, X-ray single-crystal diffraction analysis and electrochemistry...
June 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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