keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

vaccine, influenza

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156815/the-effect-of-aspirin-on-circulating-netrin-1-levels-in-humans-is-dependent-on-the-inflammatory-status-of-the-vascular-endothelium
#1
Kerry Layne, Timothy Goodman, Albert Ferro, Gabriella Passacquale
In atherosclerotic animal models, the cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-inhibitor aspirin counteracts downregulation of endothelial-derived netrin-1, thus reducing arterial inflammation. We here explored the effect of aspirin on netrin-1 in healthy subjects undergoing influenza immunisation, which is an established experimental model of inflammation-related endothelial dysfunction. Our data showed that netrin-1 undergoes reduction (-29.25% from baseline; p=0.0017) in the presence of endothelial activation (VCAM-1 rose by 9...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155812/fluevidencesynthesis-an-r-package-for-evidence-synthesis-based-analysis-of-epidemiological-outbreaks
#2
Edwin van Leeuwen, Petra Klepac, Dominic Thorrington, Richard Pebody, Marc Baguelin
Public health related decisions often have to balance the cost of intervention strategies with the benefit of the reduction in disease burden. While the cost can often be inferred, forward modelling of the effect of different intervention options is complicated and disease specific. Here we introduce a package that is aimed to simplify this process. The package allows one to infer parameters using a Bayesian approach, perform forward modelling of the likely results of the proposed intervention and finally perform cost effectiveness analysis of the results...
November 20, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155214/optimization-of-trypsins-for-influenza-a-h1n1-virus-replication-in-mdck-si-6-cells-a-novel-mdck-cell-line
#3
Viska I Iskandar, Yutaka Sasaki, Naoto Yoshino, Raden Z R Abubakar, Shigehiro Sato, Yasushi Muraki
A cell-based vaccine production method for influenza virus may be an effective and more rapid alternative to egg-based systems. For high-yield virus production, the effect of bovine, porcine, fungal, and recombinant trypsins on influenza A/H1N1 virus replication in MDCK SI-6 cells (SI-6 cells), a novel MDCK cell line developed by our research group, was examined. SI-6 cells infected with influenza A/H1N1 virus were incubated in the presence of four trypsin types at various concentrations, and virus yields in the culture medium were evaluated by a hemagglutination (HA) assay...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153912/-acute-epiglottitis-due-to-haemophilus-influenzae-b-a-severe-consequence-of-increased-skepticism-about-vaccination
#4
J Doutau, C Bost-Bru, A Gayot, I Wroblewski, I Pelloux, T Debillon, A Millet
Acute epiglottis is a life-threatening disease in relation with the occurrence of an acute upper airway obstruction. Its incidence has fallen dramatically since the widespread introduction of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine. We report the case of a 26-month-old child who was not fully immunized and presented acute upper airway respiratory distress with fever. The symptoms quickly evolved to a respiratory arrest condition with bradycardia, revealing epiglottitis due to Hib. Despite high immunization coverage with great efficacy and occurrence of herd immunity, this entity still exists because of the French population's skepticism of the routine vaccination schedule...
November 16, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153853/community-pharmacist-collaboration-with-a-patient-centered-medical-home-establishment-of-a-patient-centered-medical-neighborhood-and-payment-model
#5
Heidi R Luder, Pam Shannon, James Kirby, Stacey M Frede
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of a partnership between a community pharmacy and a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) by measuring the impact on office- and patient-level clinical outcomes. SETTING: Kroger Pharmacy and a PCMH practice in Cincinnati, OH. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: The Kroger Co. is a large grocery store chain that operates 102 pharmacies in the Cincinnati-Dayton marketing area. The PCMH practice is an accredited PCMH office serving more than 9000 patients in the Cincinnati area...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153150/enhancing-the-role-of-vaccines-in-combatting-antimicrobial-resistance
#6
Charles Clift, David M Salisbury
Interest in addressing antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has grown recently but little effort has been made to consider how existing and new vaccines could impact on AMR. A 2017 Chatham House meeting considered the role of vaccines and how to demonstrate their value through their impact on AMR. Ways existing vaccines have reduced antibiotic prescribing and the prevalence of some resistant organisms were reviewed. Other new vaccines could have a similar impact. In gonorrhoea, where complete resistance has developed, vaccine may be the best option...
December 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153067/-detection-of-influenza-virus-infections-by-molecular-and-immunofluorescence-methods
#7
Deniz Yıldırım, Deniz Özdoğru Sağdıç, Buket Şeflek, Mehmet Çimentepe, İbrahim Bayram, Fügen Yarkın
Influenza virus infections are extremely important for human health due to the occurence of seasonal epidemics and pandemics worldwide. Influenza is associated with high morbidity and may result in serious complications such as life threatening viral or bacterial pneumonia. Especially, young children, older adults, patients with chronic diseases such as heart, lung, kidney, and diabetes and immunosuppressed people are at higher risk for complications and death from influenza virus infections. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of influenza type A and B virus infections and influenza A virus subtypes in hospitalized patients with respiratory tract infections by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR, Sacace, Italy), conventional RT-PCR and direct immunofluorescence antibody (DFA, Argene SA, France) tests...
October 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152878/potency-determination-of-inactivated-h7-influenza-vaccines-using-monoclonal-antibody-based-elisa-and-biolayer-interferometry-assays
#8
Anupama Vasudevan, Amy Woerner, Falko Schmeisser, Swati Verma, Ollie Williams, Jerry P Weir
BACKGROUND: The single radial immunodiffusion (SRID) assay, the accepted method for determining potency of inactivated influenza vaccines, measures an immunogenic form of the influenza hemagglutinin. Nevertheless, alternative methods for measuring vaccine potency have been explored in order to address some of the weaknesses of the SRID assay, including limited sensitivity and the requirement for large amounts of standardized reagents. Monoclonal antibody (mAb)-based potency assays also have the ability to detect and measure relevant immunogenic forms of HA...
November 20, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152877/rapid-risk-assessment-during-the-early-weeks-of-the-2015-2016-influenza-season-in-ukraine
#9
Sophie Newitt, Alla Mironenko, Olha Holubka, Oleksandr Zaika, Olga Gubar, Katri Jalava, Caroline Brown, Iryna Demchyshyna, Tetiana Dykhanovska
BACKGROUND: Several eastern European countries reported a severe influenza season to the World Health Organization (WHO) during late 2015. A country-specific rapid risk assessment for Ukraine was conducted to assess the season's severity and inform public health action.. METHODS: The exposure and hazard were assessed using acute respiratory infection (ARI), severe acute respiratory infection (SARI), laboratory surveillance, virological and vaccine data from weeks 40/2015 to 7/2016 with comparison to four previous seasons to describe the influenza season start (five week consecutive increase in ARI or SARI),, predominant virus types, geographical spread and affected age groups ...
November 20, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152808/observational-safety-study-of-specific-outcomes-after-trivalent-cell-culture-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-optaflu-%C3%A2-among-adults-in-thin-database-of-electronic-uk-primary-healthcare-records
#10
Gillian C Hall, Paul T G Davies, M Yousuf Karim, Mendel D M Haag, Caroline O'Leary
PURPOSE: To investigate the safety of trivalent seasonal influenza vaccine (TIVc) (Optaflu(®) ), the first cell culture seasonal trivalent influenza vaccine available in Europe. METHODS: Codes and unstructured text in adult electronic healthcare records (The Health Improvement Network) were searched for a TIVc brand name or batch number and possible outcomes within a 3 month pre- to 6 month post-TIVc exposure study period (2012-2015). The outcomes were severe allergic reactions, Bell's palsy, convulsions, demyelination, paresthesia, noninfectious encephalitis, neuritis (optic and brachial), vasculitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and thrombocytopenia...
November 20, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151581/human-pbmc-transferred-murine-mhc-class-i-ii-deficient-nog-mice-enable-long-term-evaluation-of-human-immune-responses
#11
Tomonori Yaguchi, Asuka Kobayashi, Takashi Inozume, Kenji Morii, Haruna Nagumo, Hiroshi Nishio, Takashi Iwata, Yuyo Ka, Ikumi Katano, Ryoji Ito, Mamoru Ito, Yutaka Kawakami
Immunodeficient mice engrafted with human peripheral blood cells are promising tools for in vivo analysis of human patient individual immune responses. However, when human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) are transferred into NOG (NOD/Shi-scid, IL-2rg(null)) mice, severe graft versus host disease (GVHD) hinders long term detailed analysis. Administration of human PBMCs into newly developed murine MHC class I- and class II-deficient NOG (NOG-dKO; NOG- Iab, B2m-double-knockout) mice showed sufficient engraftment of human immune cells with little sign of GVHD...
November 20, 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150194/booster-influenza-vaccination-confers-additional-immune-responses-in-an-elderly-rural-community-dwelling-population
#12
Masahide Matsushita, Seisho Takeuchi, Naoko Kumagai, Masaaki Morio, Chise Matsushita, Kazumi Arise, Toshihide Awatani
This study aimed to examine the effects of a booster vaccination in elderly people using 2 doses of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine during the 2012-2013 influenza epidemic. Seroprotection rates against the A(H1N1)pdm09 strain in younger elderly people (aged 61-75 years) and the A(H3N2) and B strains in both younger elderly people (aged 61-75 years) as well as very elderly people (aged 76-102 years) did not decrease at 22 weeks after vaccination. This approach confers long-lasting antibody responses and may be useful in clinical practice...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149524/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-fetal-outcomes-following-the-administration-of-influenza-a-h1n1-vaccination-during-pregnancy
#13
REVIEW
Chuan Zhang, Xiaodong Wang, Dan Liu, Lingli Zhang, Xin Sun
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women were identified as a population of priority for vaccination during the H1N1 influenza pandemic breaking out in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess adverse fetal outcomes following the administration of H1N1 pandemic vaccination during pregnancy. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched up to January 2017. SELECTION CRITERIA: Cohort studies investigating fetal outcomes after H1N1 influenza vaccination during pregnancy were eligible...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149183/vaccine-effectiveness-against-laboratory-confirmed-influenza-hospitalizations-among-young-children-during-the-2010-11-to-2013-14-influenza-seasons-in-ontario-canada
#14
Sarah A Buchan, Hannah Chung, Michael A Campitelli, Natasha S Crowcroft, Jonathan B Gubbay, Timothy Karnauchow, Kevin Katz, Allison J McGeer, J Dayre McNally, David Richardson, Susan E Richardson, Laura C Rosella, Andrew Simor, Marek Smieja, Dat Tran, George Zahariadis, Jeffrey C Kwong
Uncertainty remains regarding the magnitude of effectiveness of influenza vaccines for preventing serious outcomes, especially among young children. We estimated vaccine effectiveness (VE) against laboratory-confirmed influenza hospitalizations among children aged 6-59 months. We used the test-negative design in hospitalized children in Ontario, Canada during the 2010-11 to 2013-14 influenza seasons. We used logistic regression models adjusted for age, season, and time within season to calculate VE estimates by vaccination status (full vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148920/the-unexpected-impact-of-vaccines-on-secondary-bacterial-infections-following-influenza
#15
Amber M Smith, Victor C Huber
Influenza virus infections remain a significant health burden worldwide, despite available vaccines. Factors that contribute to this include a lack of broad coverage by current vaccines and continual emergence of novel virus strains. Further complicating matters, when influenza viruses infect a host, severe infections can develop when bacterial pathogens invade. Secondary bacterial infections (SBIs) contribute to a significant proportion of influenza-related mortality, with Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Haemophilus influenzae as major coinfecting pathogens...
November 17, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148911/report-from-enhanced-safety-surveillance-of-two-influenza-vaccines-vaxigrip-and-intanza-15%C3%AE-g-in-two-european-countries-during-influenza-season-2016-17-and-comparison-with-2015-16-season
#16
Anne Laure Chabanon, Hélène Bricout, Céline Ballandras, Audrey Souverain, Timothy David Caroe, Karina M Butler
Passive enhanced safety surveillance (ESS) was implemented in the United Kingdom and in the Republic of Ireland for Vaxigrip and Intanza 15µg influenza vaccines during the 2016/17 influenza season. Lessons learned during 2015/16 ESS implementation were integrated and applied towards the current ESS. The primary objective was to estimate the reporting rates of suspected adverse reactions (ARs) occurring within 7 days of vaccination with Vaxigrip or Intanza 15µg. For Vaxigrip (N = 962), 17 vaccinees (1.8%) reported 59 suspected ARs (6...
November 17, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148124/the-safety-of-live-attenuated-influenza-vaccine-in-children-and-adolescents-2-through-17%C3%A2-years-of-age-a-vaccine-safety-datalink-study
#17
Matthew F Daley, Christina L Clarke, Jason M Glanz, Stanley Xu, Simon J Hambidge, James G Donahue, James D Nordin, Nicola P Klein, Steven J Jacobsen, Allison L Naleway, Michael L Jackson, Grace Lee, Jonathan Duffy, Eric Weintraub
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety of live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) in children 2 through 17 years of age. METHODS: The study was conducted in 6 large integrated health care organizations participating in the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD). Trivalent LAIV safety was assessed in children who received LAIV between September 1, 2003 and March 31, 2013. Eighteen pre-specified adverse event groups were studied, including allergic, autoimmune, neurologic, respiratory, and infectious conditions...
November 17, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147880/targeted-physician-education-and-standardizing-documentation-improves-documented-reporting-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-quality-measures-in-a-large-academic-and-private-practice
#18
Joseph D Feuerstein, Konstantinos Papamichael, Sara Popejoy, Adam Nadelson, Jeffrey J Lewandowski, Kathy Geissler, Manuel Martinez-Vazquez, Daniel A Leffler, Kim Ariyabuddhiphongs, Chandrashekhar Thukral, Adam S Cheifetz
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have shown poor compliance with quality measures for IBD at academic and private practices. We sought to provide focused interventions to improve compliance and documentation with the IBD measures. METHODS: Two centers, academic practice (AP) and private practice (PP), initially reviewed their compliance with eight established IBD quality measures in consecutive charts. A multi-faceted intervention was developed to improve awareness and documentation of these measures...
November 17, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146382/on-the-bias-of-estimates-of-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-from-test-negative-studies
#19
Kylie E C Ainslie, Meng Shi, Michael Haber, Walter A Orenstein
Estimates of the effectiveness of influenza vaccines are commonly obtained from a test-negative design (TND) study, where cases and controls are patients seeking care for an acute respiratory illness who test positive and negative, respectively, for influenza infection. Vaccine effectiveness (VE) estimates from TND studies are usually interpreted as vaccine effectiveness against medically-attended influenza (MAI). However, it is also important to estimate VE against any influenza illness (symptomatic influenza (SI)) as individuals with SI are still a public health burden even if they do not seek medical care...
November 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145619/intranasal-immunization-with-an-attenuated-pep27-mutant-provides-protection-from-influenza-virus-and-secondary-pneumococcal-infections
#20
Seung Han Seon, Jung Ah Choi, Eunji Yang, Sukneung Pyo, Man Ki Song, Dong-Kwon Rhee
During influenza pandemics, secondary pneumococcal infections cause excessive mortality. However, the current pneumococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccine, PCV 13, provides only limited protection against secondary infection. Therefore, a more effective pneumococcal vaccine is required to protect against secondary pneumococcal infections. Here, intranasal immunization with an attenuated pneumococcal pep27 mutant provides protection from influenza virus infection, and also from secondary pneumococcal challenge...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
62225
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"