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Esophageal diverticulum

Cristina Gîndea, Adrian Constantin, Petre Hoară, Andrei Cărăgui, Abdullah AlKadour, Silviu Constantinoiu
Introduction: Thoracic esophageal diverticulum is a rare pathology frequently associated with esophageal motility disorders. Surgery is the only option in patients with severe symptoms. METHOD: This is a retrospective case series study of 10 patients who underwent diverticulectomy for thoracic (epiphrenic or mid-esophageal) diverticula. It was recorded: main preoperative symptoms, usual blood tests, barium swallow, upper endoscopy and esophageal manometry. We analyzed the postoperative complications, length of stay in hospital and intensive care unit...
January 2018: Chirurgia
S Mantziari, C Mariette, G Piessen
A Zenker's or pharyngoesophageal diverticulum may represent a rare cause of upper digestive obstruction, or more often, cervical dysphagia, regurgitations and cough. It develops most often on the posterior left side of cervical oesophagus in elderly patients, and depending on the severity of clinical symptoms may warrant surgical or endoscopic treatment. For large lesions with a difficult endoscopic access to the diverticular neck, surgery is recommended. In our case, we illustrate a giant right-sided Zenker's diverticulum responsible for complete aphagia in a 78-year-old male patient...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Chuncheng Wu, Qiongying Zhang, Wei Liu, Bing Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Endoscopy
Kazuhito Uemura, Hiroaki Takahashi, Kazuhiro Mino, Takuji Ota, Shunsuke Shichi
Four cases of gastrointestinal perforation associated with bevacizumab(BEV)were examined. Case 1: A 82-year-old male received FOLFIRI plus BEV for recurrent liver metastasis after rectal cancer resection. A lower esophageal perforation occurred 22 days after BEV administration and drainage was performed. Case 2: A 69-year-old female received FOLFOX4 plus BEV for unresectable rectal cancer and liver and lung metastasis. A rectal perforation occurred 6 days after BEV administration and suturing closure of the hole and colostomy was performed...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Zhi-Ming Wang, Shu-Cheng Zhang, Xu Teng
RATIONALE: Most of the esophageal diverticulums are congenital traction instead of in childhood. In most conditions, esophageal diverticulums are free of any symptoms. As one of the rare entity, esophageal diverticulum can also result in bronchoesophageal fistula. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 10-year-old girl was admitted due to a 2-month history of cough and choking after drinking, and fever for 3 days. No symptoms when taking solid food were found. DIAGNOSES: By esophagogram, 3-dimensional computed tomography and esophagoscopy, an esophageal diverticulum was demonstrated in the middle esophagus with a bronchoesophageal fistula visualized...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Deepanshu Jain, Abhinav Sharma, Manan Shah, Upen Patel, Nirav Thosani, Shashideep Singhal
Zenker's diverticulum (ZD), a pulsion diverticulum of hypopharynx is a rare but treatable cause of morbidity in geriatric population. Traditionally a surgical disease but due to its associated high morbidity, flexible endoscopy has become a lucrative option. We reviewed 997 patients from 23 original studies who underwent flexible endoscopic diverticulotomy (FED) of ZD. Composite technical and clinical success rate for the study cohort was 99.4% and 87.9%, respectively. Composite failure rate was 10.0% but close to half of them (45...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
X F Shen, Q L Shi, Q Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Po-Jen Yun, Hsu-Kai Huang, Hung Chang, Shih-Chun Lee, Tsai-Wang Huang
Killian-Jamieson diverticulum (KJD) is a rarely encountered esophageal diverticulum which attributes to several symptoms. Clinically, KJD should be differentiated from the most common type of esophageal herniation, i.e., Zenker's diverticulum (ZD). The two diverticula may present in a similar fashion, and treatments have evolved from transcervical to a minimally invasive endoscopic approach in recent years. We present a case of an 88-year-old male with symptomatic esophageal diverticulum. Barium swallow esophagogram and flexible esophagoscopy demonstrated a large KJD with food debris retention...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Antônio Carlos Conrado, Luiz Eduardo Correia Miranda, Ana Clara Miranda, Diego Laurentino Lima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Endoscopy
Hideharu Tanaka, Norihisa Uemura, Tetsuya Abe, Eiji Higaki, Jiro Kawakami, Takahiro Hosoi, Byonggu An, Koji Komori, Seiji Ito, Yasuhiro Shimizu
Tracheal diverticulum, a benign entity characterized by single or multiple invaginations of the tracheal wall, is commonly asymptomatic and detected incidentally. We report the case of a 76-year-old man with a tracheal diverticulum who underwent thoracoscopic esophagectomy with a three-field lymphadenectomy for middle thoracic esophageal cancer. The tracheal diverticulum was located at the right posterolateral region of the trachea, which overlapped the region of dissection of the right recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph nodes...
October 24, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Mohiyuddin A Q Ali, Sultan O Al-Harthy
Zenker's diverticulum (hypopharyngeal pouch) is a rare medical entity caused by herniation of esophageal mucosa and submucosa through an anatomical defect between the layers of the inferior constrictor muscle. It is believed that this occurs mainly due to incoordination between the stages of swallowing and timely opening of the cricopharyngeus. It usually affects the elderly and patients usually present with dysphagia, regurgitation of food, halitosis and aspiration. We describe one case of Zenker's diverticulum in a 75-year Saudi female whom we successfully managed in Ear Nose Throat (ENT) department, North West Armed Forces Hospital, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia by endoscopic staple-assisted diverticulotomy resulting in successful division of the intervening septum between the diverticulum and the esophagus...
October 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
M Fraczek, A Karwowski, M Krawczyk, P M Paczkowski, B Pawlak, C Pszenny
On the basis of 20 years' experience, the authors present the immediate and long-term results of operative treatment of Zenker's diverticulum. Comparison of two methods of surgery - diverticulopexia (in 21 patients) and excision (in 16), both associated with upper esophageal sphincter myotomy - shows good immediate and longterm results (from 1 to 19 years), with disappearance of symptoms (dysphagia) in all patients. There was no perioperative mortality. Postoperative complications were most commonly of pulmonary origin and were observed in a third of patients in both groups...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Zaheer Nabi, D Nageshwar Reddy, Mohan Ramchandani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Selçuk Dişibeyaz, Ufuk B Kuzu, Erkan Parlak, Fatih Saygili, Erkin Öztaş, Derya Ari, Burhan Şahin
INTRODUCTION: The Zenker diverticulum (ZD) is the most common type of esophageal diverticula. Management of ZD has different options; however, there is a recent increase in treatment with flexible endoscopic myotomy (FEM). In our study, we aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of FEM among patients with ZD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of patients who underwent FEM for ZD in our clinic between January 2008 and May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Myotomy was performed with a needle-knife sphincterotome by using pulse-cut or forced coagulation electrocautery mode...
December 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Takuki Yagyu, Hiroaki Saito, Yusuke Kono, Yuki Murakami, Hirohiko Kuroda, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Yoji Fukumoto, Shuichi Takano, Tomohiro Osaki, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara
Tracheal diverticulum is rarely encountered in a clinical setting since almost all patients are asymptomatic. However, its presence may become a problem during esophageal cancer operations in terms of anesthesia and lymph node dissection of superior mediastinum lymphadenectomy. A 70-year-old man with esophageal cancer was referred to our hospital. During thoracoscopic subtotal esophagectomy, we found a cystic lesion connected to the right posterior wall of the trachea. We evaluated the preoperative computed tomography scan during surgery and made a diagnosis of tracheal diverticulum because of the presence of paratracheal air cysts, which had not been noticed preoperatively...
September 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
Marcelo Protásio Dos Santos, Denise Akerman, Caio Pasquali Dias Dos Santos, Paulo Vicente Dos Santos, Marcos Claudio Radtke, Fernando Bray Beraldo, José Eduardo Gonçalves
Epiphrenic diverticulum is a rare disease associated with esophageal motor disorders that is usually asymptomatic and has a well-established surgical indication. We report a case of giant epiphrenic diverticulum in a 59-year-old symptomatic woman who was diagnosed after underwent complementary exams. Because of her symptoms, the surgical treatment was chosen, and esophageal diverticulectomy was performed along with laparoscopic cardiomyotomy and anterior partial fundoplication. RESUMO O divertículo epifrênico é uma patologia rara associada a distúrbios motores esofágicos e, frequentemente, assintomática, tendo indicações cirúrgicas bem estabelecidas...
September 21, 2017: Einstein
Michal Demeter, Peter Bánovčin, Martin Ďuriček, Rastislav Kunda, Rudolf Hyrdel
Symptomatic epiphrenic diverticula are mostly treated surgically with laparoscopic diverticulectomy, myotomy and anterior fundoplication. However, in case the patient does not agree with surgical therapy or is contraindicated, there are limited ways of alternative treatment. We present a case report of a 72-year-old female patient with severe dysphagia, regurgitation, paroxysmal cough, weight loss and malnutrition who was diagnosed with achalasia and large epiphrenic diverticulum. She did not give consent to the proposed surgical treatment...
September 7, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Federica Porcaro, Laura Valfré, Lelia Rotondi Aufiero, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Paola De Angelis, Alberto Villani, Pietro Bagolan, Sergio Bottero, Renato Cutrera
BACKGROUND: Children with congenital esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) have chronic respiratory symptoms including recurrent pneumonia, wheezing and persistent cough. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical findings of a large group of children with EA and TEF surgically corrected and the instrumental investigation to which they have undergone in order to better understand the patient's needs and harmonize the care. METHODS: A retrospective data collection was performed on 105 children with EA and TEF followed at Department of Pediatric Medicine of Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital (Rome, Italy) between 2010 and 2015...
September 5, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
C A Gutschow, P Bauerfeind
Over the last 20-30 years, treatment of pharyngoesophageal diverticula was subject to a number of fundamental changes. Considering the classical open transcervical approaches, the necessity for myotomy of the upper esophageal sphincter with the goal of interrupting the pathogenesis of the disease has become a standard component of the operation. On the other hand, with the growing popularity of rigid and flexible endoscopic techniques, pharyngoesophageal diverticula are increasingly being treated by gastroenterologists and otorhinolaryngologists, often with the argument of a technically easier and less invasive procedure; however, it remains unclear whether this shift towards endoscopic techniques truly translates into better outcome quality...
August 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
J Gregory Modrall, Rebecca M Minter, Abu Minhajuddin, Javier Eslava-Schmalbach, Girish P Joshi, Shivani Patel, Eric B Rosero
OBJECTIVE: Increasing surgeon volume may improve outcomes for index operations. We hypothesized that there may be surrogate operative experiences that yield similar outcomes for surgeons with a low-volume experience with a specific index operation, such as esophagectomy. BACKGROUND: The relationship between surgeon volume and outcomes has potential implications for credentialing of surgeons. Restrictions of privileges based on surgeon volume are only reasonable if there is no substitute for direct experience with the index operation...
June 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
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