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Esophageal diverticulum

Ricardo G Marenchino, Alberto Domenech
A 78-year-old man with a Kommerell diverticulum and aberrant right subclavian artery was admitted for thoracic pain and severe malnutrition due to esophageal compression. We performed an atypical surgical procedure including extra-anatomical debranching and direct aortic repair, trying to avoid deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and shorten the cardiopulmonary bypass time.
February 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
Erdal Yekeler, Alkin Yazicioglu, Mahmut Subasi, Hacer Boztepe
Esophageal lipoma is an uncommon benign tumor of the esophagus and accounts for only 0.4% of all benign neoplasms of the gastrointestinal system. The majority of these are located in the cervical part; only very few are located in the lower third of the esophagus. We discuss the case of a 37-year-old female who presented with dysphagia and an esophageal lipoma located in the lower third of the esophagus. The patient underwent right mini-thoracotomy and enucleation of lipoma. Histopathologic examination revealed adipose tissue with a collection of matured adipose tissue...
May 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Li Cao, Junna Ge, Donghui Zhao, Shangtong Lei
As a rare hypopharyngeal diverticulum, Killian-Jamieson diverticulum (KJD) is usually incidentally detected, small, asymptomatic and likely to be misdiagnosed as a thyroid nodule. In order to avoid unnecessary treatments resulting from misdiagnosis, principles to distinguish between esophageal diverticula and thyroid nodules should be noted clearly. The current study presents a case of an asymptomatic unilateral KJD that mimicked a calcified thyroid nodule. In the current case, a 40-year-old man presented with a 'suspected malignant thyroid nodule' in the left thyroid gland, and underwent left thyroid lobectomy and a neck exploration...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
C Jason Smithers, Thomas E Hamilton, Michael A Manfredi, Lawrence Rhein, Peter Ngo, Dorothy Gallagher, John E Foker, Russell W Jennings
PURPOSE: Recurrent trachea-esophageal fistula (recTEF) is a frequent (5%-10%) complication of congenital TEF (conTEF) and esophageal atresia (EA) repair. In addition, postoperative acquired TEF (acqTEF) can occur in addition to or even in the absence of prior conTEF in the setting of esophageal anastomotic complications. Reliable repair often proves difficult by endoluminal or standard surgical techniques. We present the results of an approach that reliably identifies the TEF and facilitates airway closure as well as repair of associated tracheal and esophageal problems...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
George Orthopoulos, Brad S Oriel, C Jeff Siegert, Abraham Lebenthal, John Gooey, P Marco Fisichella
The transoral division of the esophageal-diverticula septum with a linear stapler, with CO2 laser, or with harmonic scalpel under rigid endoscopy has revolutionized the surgical management of Zenker's diverticula. Nevertheless, the open approach still plays a role in select cases. Our goals are to illustrate the techniques and the results of our tailored approach to the surgical management of Zenker's diverticula in U.S. veterans.
October 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Ghulamullah Shahzad, Kinesh Changela, Shahzad Iqbal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Selcuk Disibeyaz, Fatih Saygili, Erkin Oztas, Orhan Coskun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Endoscopy
Denys Gibbons, Michael Camilleri, Alfred D Nelson, Deborah Eckert
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal symptoms are frequent in multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) 2B and may be related to megacolon. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to review the clinical features of patients with MEN 2B, particularly megacolon. METHODS: We used natural language processing of electronic medical records of Mayo Clinic patients over 20 years: Eight patients with definite MEN 2B were identified; of these, four had megacolon...
June 2016: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Raghu Sampalli Ramareddy, Anand Alladi
AIM: To review the patients with esophageal injuries and stenosis with respect to their etiology, clinical course, management, and the lessons learnt from these. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive observation review of children with esophageal injuries and stenosis admitted between January 2009 and April 2015. RESULTS: Eighteen children with esophageal injuries of varied etiology were managed and included, seven with corrosive injury, five with perforation due to various causes, three with mucosal erosion, two with trachea esophageal fistula (TEF), and one wall erosion...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Emilio Jesús de la Morena Madrigal, Elena Pérez Arellano, Isabel Rodríguez García
INTRODUCTION: Flexible endoscopic treatment is one of the alternative approaches for the management of Zenker's diverticum. The present paper shows our short-term and long-term results with flexible endoscopic cricopharyngeal myotomy/septotomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of our experience in patients with Zenker's diverticulum treated using a flexible endoscope, assisted by a flexible diverticuloscope, between 2002 and 2015. Myotomy/septotomy was performed with a needle-knife papillotome under deep sedation or general anesthesia...
June 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Juan Marco Figueira Gonçalves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
A May
The esophagus is one of the areas of the gastrointestinal tract, for which therapeutic concepts have changed the most over the last two decades. The most decisive advance is the development of endoscopic resection techniques for early esophageal carcinomas. These methods provide excellent short- and long-term results combined with very low morbidity and negligible mortality rates in comparison with surgical esophagectomy, especially in case of mucosal Barrett's adenocarcinoma. In addition, the endoscopic myotomy techniques in Zenker's diverticulum and spastic achalasia are new, attractive endoscopic treatment modalities...
August 2016: Der Internist
V I Oskretkov, A A Gur'yanov, V A Gankov, G I Klimova, A R Andreasyan, D V Balatsky, V V Fedorov, S A Maslikova
AIM: To analyze the results of endoscopic interventions for benign diseases and injuries of the esophagus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 159 patients with benign diseases and perforation of the esophagus were operated. There were 72 (45.3%) cases of achalasia, 56 (35.2%) with post-ambustial stenosis of esophagus, 14 (8.8%) with esophageal perforation, 13 (8.2%) with leuomyoma of esophagus and 4 (2.5%) with diverticulum of thoracic esophagus. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: In long-term period 56 patients with achalasia were followed-up after laparoscopic Heller cardiomyotomy with Dor fundoplication...
2016: Khirurgiia
Rajendra Prasad Takhar, Motilal Bunkar, Shubhra Jain, Sanjay Ghabale
Tracheal diverticulum (TD) defined as a typical benign out-pouching of the tracheal wall due to structural weakness, congenital or acquired in origin, resulting in paratracheal air cysts. It is rarely diagnosed in clinical practice with only limited reports in the literature. Most cases found incidentally in the postmortem examination and located on the right side. Uncomplicated TDs are usually asymptomatic and when symptoms have occurred, they usually present with non-specific symptoms like pharyngeal discomfort, cough, dyspnea, and recurrent respiratory infection due to either the compression of adjacent organs or secondary bacterial infection...
March 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
Yu-Chang Chang, Chao-Yun Chi, Chia-Jung Lee
Killian-Jamieson diverticulum (KJD) is a rare cervical esophageal abnormality. Transcervical approach has been the main treatment modality to prevent recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury. We presented two cases of patients confirmed with KJD and were managed successfully under rigid endoscope. The new technique and idea were described in detail. Under rigid laryngoscope, the septum between the true esophagus lumen and diverticulum can be exposed clearly. A microscope equipped with CO2 LASER system offered precise and focused point cutting energy to the septum...
May 5, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
H Sato, Y Sato, S Hashimoto, K Mizuno, N Nakajima, S Terai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Nancy Jiang, C Kwang Sung, Edward J Damrose
OBJECTIVES: Gastroesophageal reflux may contribute to the development of cricopharyngeal dysfunction and Zenker's diverticulum. Common dictum suggests that if upper esophageal sphincter tone is reduced through cricopharyngeal myotomy, symptoms of laryngopharyngeal reflux may worsen. We hypothesized that patients who undergo myotomy should show decreased dysphagia symptoms with concurrent worsening of reflux symptomatology and that these changes would be greater in those patients undergoing complete versus partial myotomy...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Virgilijus Beiša, Mindaugas Kvietkauskas, Augustas Beiša, Kęstutis Strupas
Epiphrenic diverticulum of the lower third of the esophagus is a relatively rare disorder. We present the case of a large, 7.5 cm diameter esophageal epiphrenic diverticulum treated by the laparoscopic approach. Surgery was indicated by the severity of the patient's symptoms and size of the diverticulum. A laparoscopic transhiatal diverticulectomy with a myotomy and Dor fundoplication was carried out. The overall operative time was 180 min. The patient tolerated the surgery well and was discharged from hospital 4 days after the surgery...
January 2016: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
Lucky Gupta, Veereshwar Bhatnagar
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study aims to analyze the incidence and type of various associated anomalies among infants with extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA), compare their frequency with those quoted in the existing literature and assess their role in the overall management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 137 infants who underwent the Kasai procedure for EHBA during the past 12 years. The medical records were reviewed for the incidence and type of associated anomalies in addition to the details of the management of the EHBA...
January 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
E Holmes, C Kenny, M Samuel, J Regan, J O'Rourke, C McCoubrey
This study explores the contribution of Speech and Language Therapists (SLTs) to the assessment and management of patients presenting on videofluoroscopic swallow studies (VFSS) with a suspected pharyngo-oesophageal diverticulum. Records for all patients who attended for VFSS in an acute hospital over an eleven-year period were examined (N = 1820). Twenty patients were identified on VFSS as having a suspected diverticulum. Symptoms suggestive of a diverticulum were found during both bedside clinical examination and radiographic examination e...
November 2015: Irish Medical Journal
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