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Esophageal diverticulum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136670/submucosal-tunneling-endoscopic-myotomy-of-esophageal-epiphrenic-diverticulum
#1
Antônio Carlos Conrado, Luiz Eduardo Correia Miranda, Ana Clara Miranda, Diego Laurentino Lima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067556/thoracoscopic-resection-of-esophageal-cancer-with-a-tracheal-diverticulum
#2
Hideharu Tanaka, Norihisa Uemura, Tetsuya Abe, Eiji Higaki, Jiro Kawakami, Takahiro Hosoi, Byonggu An, Koji Komori, Seiji Ito, Yasuhiro Shimizu
Tracheal diverticulum, a benign entity characterized by single or multiple invaginations of the tracheal wall, is commonly asymptomatic and detected incidentally. We report the case of a 76-year-old man with a tracheal diverticulum who underwent thoracoscopic esophagectomy with a three-field lymphadenectomy for middle thoracic esophageal cancer. The tracheal diverticulum was located at the right posterolateral region of the trachea, which overlapped the region of dissection of the right recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph nodes...
October 24, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056128/successful-treatment-of-zenker-s-diverticulum-by-endoscopic-staple-assisted-diverticulotomy-in-a-75-year-saudi-female
#3
Mohiyuddin A Q Ali, Sultan O Al-Harthy
Zenker's diverticulum (hypopharyngeal pouch) is a rare medical entity caused by herniation of esophageal mucosa and submucosa through an anatomical defect between the layers of the inferior constrictor muscle. It is believed that this occurs mainly due to incoordination between the stages of swallowing and timely opening of the cricopharyngeus. It usually affects the elderly and patients usually present with dysphagia, regurgitation of food, halitosis and aspiration. We describe one case of Zenker's diverticulum in a 75-year Saudi female whom we successfully managed in Ear Nose Throat (ENT) department, North West Armed Forces Hospital, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia by endoscopic staple-assisted diverticulotomy resulting in successful division of the intervening septum between the diverticulum and the esophagus...
October 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040483/results-of-surgical-treatment-of-cervical-esophageal-diverticula
#4
M Fraczek, A Karwowski, M Krawczyk, P M Paczkowski, B Pawlak, C Pszenny
On the basis of 20 years' experience, the authors present the immediate and long-term results of operative treatment of Zenker's diverticulum. Comparison of two methods of surgery - diverticulopexia (in 21 patients) and excision (in 16), both associated with upper esophageal sphincter myotomy - shows good immediate and longterm results (from 1 to 19 years), with disappearance of symptoms (dysphagia) in all patients. There was no perioperative mortality. Postoperative complications were most commonly of pulmonary origin and were observed in a third of patients in both groups...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989004/per-oral-endoscopic-myotomy-in-achalasia-with-large-esophageal-diverticulum-the-owl-eyes-sign
#5
Zaheer Nabi, D Nageshwar Reddy, Mohan Ramchandani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984718/endoscopic-treatment-of-the-zenker-diverticulum-with-flexible-endoscopic-myotomy-a-single-tertiary-center-experience
#6
Selçuk Dişibeyaz, Ufuk B Kuzu, Erkan Parlak, Fatih Saygili, Erkin Öztaş, Derya Ari, Burhan Şahin
INTRODUCTION: The Zenker diverticulum (ZD) is the most common type of esophageal diverticula. Management of ZD has different options; however, there is a recent increase in treatment with flexible endoscopic myotomy (FEM). In our study, we aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of FEM among patients with ZD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of patients who underwent FEM for ZD in our clinic between January 2008 and May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Myotomy was performed with a needle-knife sphincterotome by using pulse-cut or forced coagulation electrocautery mode...
October 3, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959132/thoracic-esophagus-cancer-revealing-a-tracheal-diverticulum
#7
Takuki Yagyu, Hiroaki Saito, Yusuke Kono, Yuki Murakami, Hirohiko Kuroda, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Yoji Fukumoto, Shuichi Takano, Tomohiro Osaki, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara
Tracheal diverticulum is rarely encountered in a clinical setting since almost all patients are asymptomatic. However, its presence may become a problem during esophageal cancer operations in terms of anesthesia and lymph node dissection of superior mediastinum lymphadenectomy. A 70-year-old man with esophageal cancer was referred to our hospital. During thoracoscopic subtotal esophagectomy, we found a cystic lesion connected to the right posterior wall of the trachea. We evaluated the preoperative computed tomography scan during surgery and made a diagnosis of tracheal diverticulum because of the presence of paratracheal air cysts, which had not been noticed preoperatively...
September 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954034/giant-esophageal-epiphrenic-diverticulum-presentation-and-treatment
#8
Marcelo Protásio Dos Santos, Denise Akerman, Caio Pasquali Dias Dos Santos, Paulo Vicente Dos Santos, Marcos Claudio Radtke, Fernando Bray Beraldo, José Eduardo Gonçalves
Epiphrenic diverticulum is a rare disease associated with esophageal motor disorders that is usually asymptomatic and has a well-established surgical indication. We report a case of giant epiphrenic diverticulum in a 59-year-old symptomatic woman who was diagnosed after underwent complementary exams. Because of her symptoms, the surgical treatment was chosen, and esophageal diverticulectomy was performed along with laparoscopic cardiomyotomy and anterior partial fundoplication. RESUMO O divertículo epifrênico é uma patologia rara associada a distúrbios motores esofágicos e, frequentemente, assintomática, tendo indicações cirúrgicas bem estabelecidas...
September 21, 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884499/per-oral-endoscopic-myotomy-in-achalasia-and-large-epiphrenic-diverticulum-a-case-study
#9
Michal Demeter, Peter Bánovčin, Martin Ďuriček, Rastislav Kunda, Rudolf Hyrdel
Symptomatic epiphrenic diverticula are mostly treated surgically with laparoscopic diverticulectomy, myotomy and anterior fundoplication. However, in case the patient does not agree with surgical therapy or is contraindicated there are limited ways of alternative treatment. We present a case report of a 72-year-old female patient with severe dysphagia, regurgitation, paroxysmal cough, weight loss and malnutrition who was diagnosed with achalasia and large epiphrenic diverticulum. She did not give consent with surgical treatment that was proposed...
September 7, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870218/respiratory-problems-in-children-with-esophageal-atresia-and-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#10
Federica Porcaro, Laura Valfré, Lelia Rotondi Aufiero, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Paola De Angelis, Alberto Villani, Pietro Bagolan, Sergio Bottero, Renato Cutrera
BACKGROUND: Children with congenital esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) have chronic respiratory symptoms including recurrent pneumonia, wheezing and persistent cough. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical findings of a large group of children with EA and TEF surgically corrected and the instrumental investigation to which they have undergone in order to better understand the patient's needs and harmonize the care. METHODS: A retrospective data collection was performed on 105 children with EA and TEF followed at Department of Pediatric Medicine of Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital (Rome, Italy) between 2010 and 2015...
September 5, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730348/-pharyngoesophageal-diverticulum
#11
C A Gutschow, P Bauerfeind
Over the last 20-30 years, treatment of pharyngoesophageal diverticula was subject to a number of fundamental changes. Considering the classical open transcervical approaches, the necessity for myotomy of the upper esophageal sphincter with the goal of interrupting the pathogenesis of the disease has become a standard component of the operation. On the other hand, with the growing popularity of rigid and flexible endoscopic techniques, pharyngoesophageal diverticula are increasingly being treated by gastroenterologists and otorhinolaryngologists, often with the argument of a technically easier and less invasive procedure; however, it remains unclear whether this shift towards endoscopic techniques truly translates into better outcome quality...
July 20, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628561/the-surgeon-volume-outcome-relationship-not-yet-ready-for-policy
#12
J Gregory Modrall, Rebecca M Minter, Abu Minhajuddin, Javier Eslava-Schmalbach, Girish P Joshi, Shivani Patel, Eric B Rosero
OBJECTIVE: Increasing surgeon volume may improve outcomes for index operations. We hypothesized that there may be surrogate operative experiences that yield similar outcomes for surgeons with a low-volume experience with a specific index operation, such as esophagectomy. BACKGROUND: The relationship between surgeon volume and outcomes has potential implications for credentialing of surgeons. Restrictions of privileges based on surgeon volume are only reasonable if there is no substitute for direct experience with the index operation...
June 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607626/mid-esophageal-diverticulum-mimicking-an-aortic-aneurysm-on-chest-radiography
#13
Geena Benjamin, Shivaprakash Basavanthaiah Hiremath, Srikiran Thayille Kandy, Charamel Sankaran Kesavan
BACKGROUND: Mid-esophageal region is an uncommon location of esophageal diverticula, a condition usually diagnosed in elderly individuals. CASE REPORT: We report a case of an elderly male with incidental finding of mediastinal lesion, which was initially thought to be an aortic aneurysm. Further evaluation demonstrated a mid-esophageal diverticulum at the level of the carina. We present patient's medical history and imaging, followed by a discussion on symptoms and management...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534330/-preliminary-results-of-submucosal-tunneling-endoscopic-septum-division-in-the-treatment-of-esophageal-diverticulum
#14
Mingyan Cai, Meidong Xu, Quanlin Li, Weifeng Chen, Yan Zhu, Danfeng Zhang, Liqing Yao, Pinghong Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of submucosal tunneling endoscopic septum division (STESD) for escophageal diverticulum. METHODS: Clinical data of six consecutive patients with symptomatic esophageal diverticula who received STESD in Endoscopy Center of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from April 2016 to November 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. STESD was performed as following: mucosal entry was made 3 cm from the septum of esophageal diverticulum; submucosal tunnel was created towards the septum; after the satisfactory exposure of the septum, endoscopic division was made down to the bottom of the diverticulum; mucosal closure of the tunnel entry was made...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507892/a-case-of-massive-hemoptysis-following-transesophageal-echocardiogram
#15
Sean J Callahan, Robert M Jones, Dana Albon, Andrew D Mihalek
INTRODUCTION: Tracheal intubation leading to injury of the airway is a rare complication of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Tracheal trauma is not a described complication of TEE, and safety literature for this procedure remains silent on the matter. We describe the case of a patient on systemic anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy who underwent TEE and suffered massive hemoptysis requiring bronchial artery embolization (BAE). CASE PRESENTATION: An elderly patient was admitted to the hospital with recently diagnosed atrial fibrillation and shortness of breath...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492107/aborted-tracheo-esophageal-fistula-in-a-neonate
#16
John M Hallett, Victoria Bryant, David Drake, Simi George, Manasvi Upadhyaya
Esophageal atresia (EA) is an uncommon congenital anomaly which is often associated with a tracheoesophageal fistula. An isolated EA is a rarer anomaly and its diagnosis has implications for the ongoing treatment and outcome of the infant. For the first time, we report a case of a premature newborn with a pure EA and a tracheal diverticulum, containing both respiratory and esophageal mucosa. We have termed this an aborted trachea-esophageal fistula. Recognition of these very rare variations of foregut anomalies may contribute to our understanding of their pathogenesis...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485002/multiple-huge-epiphrenic-esophageal-diverticula-with-motility-disease-treated-with-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-and-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-esophagectomy-a-case-report
#17
Yoshiki Taniguchi, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Shigeyoshi Higashi, Koji Tanaka, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tomoki Makino, Yukinori Kurokawa, Makoto Yamasaki, Shuji Takiguchi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
BACKGROUND: Epiphrenic esophageal diverticulum is a rare condition that is often associated with a concomitant esophageal motor disorder. Some patients have the chief complaints of swallowing difficulty and gastroesophageal reflux; traditionally, such diverticula have been resected via right thoracotomy. Here, we describe a case with huge multiple epiphrenic diverticula with motility disorder, which were successfully resected using a video-assisted thoracic and laparoscopic procedure...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483478/left-aberrant-subclavian-artery-systematic-study-in-adult-patients
#18
Paweł Tyczyński, Ilona Michałowska, Rafał Wolny, Piotr Dobrowolski, Hubert Łazarczyk, Justyna Rybicka, Piotr Hoffman, Adam Witkowski
BACKGROUND: Left aberrant subclavian artery (LASA), is a type of right aortic arch (RAA) branching, which takes-off distally to the right subclavian artery and usually crosses behind the esophagus to the left upper limb. Taking into account the rarity of RAA, LASA is much more rarely seen than the right aberrant subclavian artery (RASA) originating from the left aortic arch. However, RAA may be associated with much more frequent presence of LASA, than left aortic arch with RASA. Anatomical LASA characteristics were not described up to date...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475741/clinical-presentation-and-disease-course-of-patients-with-esophagogastric-junction-outflow-obstruction
#19
K L Lynch, Y-X Yang, D C Metz, G W Falk
Esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction, characterized by preserved peristalsis in conjunction with an elevated integrated relaxation pressure, can result from specific anatomic variants or may represent achalasia in evolution. There is limited information on the clinical significance of this diagnosis. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes in our cohort of patients with esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction.Consecutive adult patients who had undergone high-resolution esophageal manometry between February 2013 and November 2015 with a diagnosis of esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction were identified...
June 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465785/endoscopic-balloon-catheter-dilatation-via-retrograde-or-static-technique-is-safe-and-effective-for-cricopharyngeal-dysfunction
#20
Vinay Chandrasekhara, Joyce Koh, Lakshmi Lattimer, Kerry B Dunbar, William J Ravich, John O Clarke
AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of upper esophageal sphincter (UES) dilatation for cricopharyngeal (CP) dysfunction. To determine if: (1) indication for dilatation; or (2) technique of dilatation correlated with symptom improvement. METHODS: All balloon dilatations performed at our institution from over a 3-year period were retrospectively analyzed for demographics, indication and dilatation site. All dilatations involving the UES underwent further review to determine efficacy, complications, and factors that predict success...
April 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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