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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537451/low-dose-aspirin-reduces-breast-cancer-risk-in-women-with-diabetes-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#1
Yi-Sun Yang, Edy Kornelius, Jeng-Yuan Chiou, Yung-Rung Lai, Shih-Chang Lo, Chiung-Huei Peng, Chien-Ning Huang
PURPOSE: Low-dose aspirin is commonly used for preventing cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes, but its association with cancer remains controversial. This study used a nationwide population-based reimbursement database to investigate the relationship between low-dose aspirin use and breast cancer incidence in women with diabetes. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted using data retrieved from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan from January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2011...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536717/increased-risks-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-psoriasis-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#2
Wei-Sheng Chung, Cheng-Li Lin
Systemic inflammation and hypercoagulability in psoriasis are related to cardiovascular morbidity. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence and risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with psoriasis in Taiwan. We identified inpatients aged ≥ 18 years with a diagnosis of psoriasis and controls at a 1: 1 ratio of frequency matched by sex, age, frequency of medical visits, length of stay, and comorbidities between 2000 and 2010 in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Each patient was traced to the date of VTE occurrence, loss to follow-up, death, or the December 31, 2011, whichever occurred first...
May 24, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532609/risk-factors-for-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-in-oral-cancer-patients-after-surgery-and-eventual-adjuvant-treatment-the-potential-role-of-chemotherapy
#3
Tzu-Yu Lai, Ti-Hao Wang, Chia-Jen Liu, Tze-Fan Chao, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Yu-Wen Hu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To identify the risk factors for osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) in oral cancer patients after surgery with and without adjuvant therapy in a nationwide, population-based study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Dataset, we recruited patients with newly diagnosed oral cancer between 1997 and 2011. All of them underwent primary surgery. Data regarding demographic characteristics; tooth extractions; medications; and cancer treatments, including types of mandibular surgery, radiotherapy and platinum-based chemotherapy, were collected for analysis...
May 19, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531317/a-diabetes-pay-for-performance-program-and-the-competing-causes-of-death-among-cancer-survivors-with-type-2-diabetes-in-taiwan
#4
Hui-Min Hsieh, Herng-Chia Chiu, Yi-Ting Lin, Shyi-Jang Shin
Objective: To examine associations between a diabetes pay-for-performance (P4P) program in Taiwan and all-cause of mortality and competing causes of death in cancer survivors with type 2 diabetes. Design: A longitudinal observational intervention and comparison group study design. Setting and participants: Cancer survivors with type 2 diabetes who enrolled in the P4P program compared with survivors who did not participate (non-P4P) under the Taiwan National Health Insurance program...
May 20, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528563/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-associated-with-increased-risk-of-bipolar-disorder
#5
Vincent Yi-Fong Su, Li-Yu Hu, Chiu-Mei Yeh, Huey-Ling Chiang, Cheng-Che Shen, Kun-Ta Chou, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Ti Lu, Cheng-Hwai Tzeng, Chia-Jen Liu
Epidemiological studies have identified a trend in the development of depressive and anxiety disorders following a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the relationship between COPD and subsequent bipolar disorder remains unclear. From January 1, 2000, we identified adult patients with COPD from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. A nationwide population-based study was conducted; 46,778 COPD patients and 46,778 age-, sex-, and comorbidity-matched subjects between 2000 and 2011 were enrolled...
May 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528337/association-between-chronic-kidney-disease-and-risk-of-cataract-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Yin-Tzu Liu, Tzu-Yao Hung, Yi-Kung Lee, Ming-Yuan Huang, Chen-Yang Hsu, Yung-Cheng Su
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have established a relationship between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cataract, but the relationship between the severity of renal impairment and risk of cataract is uncertain. This study investigates the relationship between the severity of renal disease and cataract in a nationwide sample from Taiwan. METHODS: The cohort from 1-million National Health Insurance beneficiaries from Taiwan was retrospectively analyzed. All adult beneficiaries were followed from January 1, 2005 until December 31, 2013, to identify patients who underwent cataract surgeries...
May 20, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528281/risk-of-stroke-among-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#7
Mu-Hong Chen, Ju-Wei Hsu, Ya-Mei Bai, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Shih-Jen Tsai, Wen-Han Chang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Kai-Lin Huang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) had a higher prevalence of stroke-related risk factors, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus. But, the association between BPD and subsequent stroke has been rarely investigated. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 5969 borderline patients aged 18 years and older and 23,876 age-and sex-matched controls were enrolled between 2002 and 2009, and followed up to the end of 2011 to identify the development of stroke...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526230/shared-decision-making-in-taiwan
#8
Hsun-Hsiang Liao, Huey-Wen Liang, Hou-Chaung Chen, Ching-I Chang, Pa-Chun Wang, Chung-Liang Shih
The paper aims to introduce the current status of shared decision making (SDM) in Taiwan under its mixed health care system and single-payer health insurance system. With experiences in promoting both evidence based medicine and patient safety, the Joint Commission of Taiwan has implemented a nationwide SDM program under the aegis of the Ministry of Health and Welfare since 2016, incorporating multiple approaches such as developing patient decision aids (PDAs), executing the Medical Decision Aids Campaign, establishing a SDM platform, and integrating SDM in clinical practice...
May 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514729/meglitinides-increase-the-risk-of-hypoglycemia-in-diabetic-patients-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#9
Pei-Chen Wu, Vin-Cent Wu, Cheng-Jui Lin, Chi-Feng Pan, Chih-Yang Chen, Tao-Min Huang, Che-Hsiung Wu, Likwang Chen, Chih-Jen Wu
The safety of short-acting meglitinides in diabetic patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) has not been widely reported.Diabetic patients with advanced CKD who had a serum creatinine level of > 6 mg/dL a hematocrit level of ≦ 28% and received erythropoiesis-stimulating agent treatment between 2000 and 2010, were included in this nationwide study in Taiwan.The outcomes of interest were defined as hypoglycemia and long-term mortality. The risks of hypoglycemia and death were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models, with end-stage renal disease and anti-diabetic drugs as time-dependent variables...
April 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505601/the-association-between-attempted-suicide-and-stock-price-movements-evidence-from-taiwan
#10
Chung-Liang Lin, Tsai-Ching Liu, Chin-Shyan Chen
This study is the first comprehensive analysis to investigate the potential association between stock market fluctuations and attempted suicide events as measured by self-inflicted injuries treated in hospitalization. Using nationwide, 15-year population-based data from 1998 through 2012, we observe that the occurrences for the hospitalizations of attempted suicides are apparently predicted by stock price movements. A low stock price index, a daily fall in the stock index, and consecutive daily falls in the stock index have been shown to be associated with increased risk of hospitalization in patients with attempted suicide...
May 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499829/characteristics-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-usage-in-children-with-precocious-puberty-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#11
Yi-Chun Lin, Tung-Ti Chang, Husan-Ju Chen, Chung-Hsing Wang, Mao-Feng Sun, Hung-Rong Yen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Precocious puberty (PP) occurs in children with the early onset of pubertal development leading to physical and psychological problems. Current medical treatment is expensive and has its side effects. However, little is known about the utilization of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) among patients with PP. To characterize the application of TCM among these patients, we conducted a nationwide population-based study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), to perform a nationwide population-based study...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498295/epidemiology-of-anaphylactic-shock-and-its-related-mortality-in-hospital-patients-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#12
Fu-Chao Liu, Hung-Jr Chiou, Chang-Fu Kuo, Ting-Ting Chung, Huang-Ping Yu
Anaphylactic shock is potentially life-threatening. However, there is a paucity of data about its incidence and associated mortality, particularly in Asian populations. We aimed to investigate the epidemiology of anaphylactic shock and its related mortality after the hospitalization of patients in the general population of Taiwan. The National Health Insurance Research Database was used to identify patients with anaphylactic shock and estimate its incidence for inpatients sampled from 2005 to 2012. The pattern of anaphylactic shock and anaphylactic shock-related mortality rate was also examined...
May 11, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495338/adoption-of-medication-alert-systems-in-hospital-outpatient-departments-in-taiwan
#13
Yu-Chun Kuo, Shou-Hsia Cheng
OBJECTIVE: The adoption of medication alert systems in the health care sector varies among regions. In Taiwan, the health authority introduced policies in 2005 to encourage the adoption of medication alert systems in hospitals. This study aimed to understand the adoption of medication alert systems in the outpatient departments of hospitals in Taiwan using a nationwide survey. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and mailed to 380 accredited general hospitals in Taiwan in 2013...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494532/risk-of-second-primary-cancer-in-people-with-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#14
Shu-Hui Wang, Ching-Chi Chi, Zi-Hao Zhao, Tao-Hsin Tung
Purpose: Previous western studies have found Caucasians with skin cancer, either melanoma or non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), have an elevated risk of second primary cancer. Our objective was to assess the risk of second primary cancer in Taiwanese with NMSC. Materials and Methods: By using data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, we conducted a population-based cohort study to assess the risk of incident second primary cancer in Taiwanese affected by NMSC...
May 10, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494066/association-between-middle-ear-cholesteatoma-and-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#15
Chin-Lung Kuo, Yu-Chun Yen, Wei-Pin Chang, An-Suey Shiao
Importance: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) can cause an obstruction of the tubal orifice and thereby compromise ventilation of the middle ear. The resulting negative pressure in the middle ear may, in turn, lead to the formation of an eardrum retraction pocket and subsequent acquired cholesteatoma. This study hypothesizes that CRS may increase the risk of cholesteatoma. Objective: To evaluate the risk of cholesteatoma in patients with CRS. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study used a nationwide, population-based claims database to test the hypothesis that CRS may increase the risk of cholesteatoma...
May 11, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489799/comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-in-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-and-age-matched-dilated-cardiomyopathy-a-15-year-nationwide-population-based-study-in-asia
#16
Cheng-Hui Lu, Wen-Chen Lee, Michael Wu, Shao-Wei Chen, Jih-Kai Yeh, Chun-Wen Cheng, Katie Pei-Hsuan Wu, Ming-Shien Wen, Tien-Hsing Chen, Victor Chien-Chia Wu
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM), often classified as a form of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), is the myocardial dysfunction that occurs in late pregnancy and through the first few postpartum months.The aim of this study is to investigate the differences in the clinical outcomes of PPCM and DCM.Electronic medical records from 1997 to 2011 were retrieved from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients with PPCM were compared with age- and clinical characteristics-matched patients with DCM...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489782/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-depression-after-diagnosis-of-lung-cancer-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#17
Ming-Szu Hung, I-Chuan Chen, Chuan-Pin Lee, Ru-Jiun Huang, Pau-Chung Chen, Ying-Huang Tsai, Yao-Hsu Yang
This study aimed to explore the incidence and risk factors of depression after lung cancer diagnosis. Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), incidences and risk factors of depression in lung cancer and nonlung cancer cohorts were analyzed.From 1998 to 2006, a total of 22,125 patients were included in each matched cohort of lung cancer and nonlung cancer patients from NHIRD. The incidence of depression was higher in the lung cancer cohort than in the nonlung cancer cohort (1545...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489731/human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-increases-the-risk-of-incident-psoriasis-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#18
Yung-Feng Yen, I-An Jen, Marcelo Chen, Yu-Ching Lan, Chun-Yuan Lee, Pei-Hung Chuang, Yun Lee, Yi-Ming Arthur Chen
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can cause an imbalance of T lymphocytes, which may contribute to the onset of psoriasis. However, the association of HIV with incident psoriasis has not been extensively studied. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this nationwide population-based cohort study was to determine the association of HIV with incident psoriasis. METHODS: Since January 1, 2000, we identified adult people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486670/economic-evaluation-of-a-pre-esrd-pay-for-performance-programme-in-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#19
Hui-Min Hsieh, Ming-Yen Lin, Yi-Wen Chiu, Ping-Hsun Wu, Li-Jeng Cheng, Feng-Shiuan Jian, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Shang-Jyh Hwang
Background: The National Health Insurance Administration in Taiwan initiated a nationwide pre-end-stage renal disease (ESRD) pay-for-performance (P4P) programme at the end of 2006 to improve quality of care for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. This study aimed to examine this programme's effect on patients' clinical outcomes and its cost-effectiveness among advanced CKD patients. Methods: We conducted a longitudinal observational matched cohort study using two nationwide population-based datasets...
November 10, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485181/higher-risk-of-incident-ankylosing-spondylitis-in-patients-with-uveitis-a-secondary-cohort-analysis-of-a-nationwide-population-based-health-claims-database
#20
M-C Lu, B-B Hsu, M Koo, N-S Lai
OBJECTIVES: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a progressive, systemic, inflammatory autoimmune disease that typically affects young adults. Uveitis is a common extra-articular manifestation of AS. Nevertheless, the magnitude of the risk of AS among patients with uveitis is not clear. The aim of this secondary retrospective cohort study was to investigate the risk of incident AS in patients with uveitis using data from a nationwide, population-based health claims research database. METHOD: Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, we identified 6637 patients with uveitis between 2000 and 2012...
May 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
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