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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788337/improving-the-timeliness-and-accuracy-of-injury-severity-data-in-road-traffic-accidents-in-an-emerging-economy-setting
#1
Carlos Lam, Chang-I Chen, Chia-Chang Chuang, Chia-Chieh Wu, Shih-Hsiang Yu, Kai-Kuo Chang, Wen-Ta Chiu
Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are among the leading causes of injury and fatality worldwide. RTI casualties are continually increasing in Taiwan; however, because of a lack of an advanced method for classifying RTI severity data, as well as the fragmentation of data sources, road traffic safety and health agencies encounter difficulties in analyzing RTIs and their burden on the healthcare system and national resources. These difficulties lead to blind spots during policy-making for RTI prevention and control...
May 18, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782526/decreased-risk-of-pneumonia-in-stroke-patients-receiving-acupuncture-a-nationwide-matched-pair-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Chuen-Chau Chang, Ta-Liang Chen, Chao-Shun Lin, Chi-Li Chung, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Chaur-Jong Hu, Hsin-Long Lane, Chien-Chang Liao, Chun-Chuan Shih
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture treatment is common among stroke patients, but there is limited information available on whether acupuncture effectively prevents post-stroke pneumonia. The aim of this study was to analyze the differential risk of pneumonia after stroke between patients who did and did not receive acupuncture after discharge. METHODS: We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to conduct a retrospective cohort study using propensity score matched-pairs of new stroke patients in 2000-2004 who did and did not receive acupuncture post-stroke...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778776/identification-and-medical-utilization-of-incident-cases-of-alcohol-dependence-a-population-based-case-control-study
#3
Chun-Hung Pan, Min-Shan Li, Tien-Wey Yang, Ming-Chyi Huang, Sheng-Shiang Su, Yen-Ni Hung, Chiao-Chicy Chen, Chian-Jue Kuo
BACKGROUND: Patients with alcohol dependence (AD) often seek help from medical professionals due to alcohol-related diseases, but the overall distribution of medical specialties identifying new AD cases is unclear. We investigated how such cases were identified and how medical resources were utilized before the identification of AD in a nationwide cohort. METHODS: We enrolled a population-based cohort (N = 1,000,000) using the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan; 8181 cases with incident AD were retrieved between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2010...
May 5, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777536/periodontitis-and-dental-scaling-associated-with-pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-population-based-case-control-study
#4
Y-T Yeh, B-Y Wang, C-W Lin, S-F Yang, S-W Ho, H-W Yeh, J-Y Huang, Y-C Chang, C-B Yeh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between periodontitis, dental scaling (DS) and pyogenic liver abscesses (PLAs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A nationwide population-based case-control study was applied using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. We identified and enrolled 691 PLA patients, who were individually matched by age and sex to 2764 controls. RESULTS: Conditional logistic regression was applied to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aORs) in patients with exposure to periodontitis and DS before PLA...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771866/bipolar-disorder-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Shih-Fen Chen, Ling-Yi Wang, Jen-Huai Chiang, Yu-Chih Shen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that sexually transmitted infections (STI) tend to increase in patients with bipolar disorder during a manic or hypomanic episode. However, in the long-term course of this disease, it is unclear whether patients with bipolar disorder have a higher risk of incident STI. METHODS: Using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan, 3,721 patients with bipolar disorder and 14,884 controls without bipolar disorder matched by gender and age were enrolled between 2000 and 2010 and followed until the end of 2013...
May 1, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760299/exploring-the-public-private-and-company-size-differences-in-employees-work-characteristics-and-burnout-data-analysis-of-a-nationwide-survey-in-taiwan
#6
Wan-Yu Yeh, Ching-Ying Yeh, Chiou-Jong Chen
Distinct differences exist between public-private sector organizations with respect to the market environment and operational objectives; furthermore, among private sector businesses, organizational structures and work conditions often vary between large- and small-sized companies. Despite these obvious structural distinctions, however, sectoral differences in employees' psychosocial risks and burnout status in national level have rarely been systematically investigated. Based on 2013 national employee survey data, 15,000 full-time employees were studied...
May 15, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758371/comparative-cost-analysis-for-the-surgical-and-endovascular-treatment-of-ruptured-intracranial-aneurysms-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Jian-Han Chen, Chih-Yuan Huang, Yi-Che Lee, Kuo-Wei Wang, Po-Chou Liliang, Cheng-Loong Liang, Kang Lu, Han-Jung Chen, Yuan-Ting Sun, Hao-Kuang Wang
OBJECTIVE: Using a database that enabled longitudinal follow-up, the authors assessed the cost, outcome, complications, and readmission rate of ruptured cerebral aneurysms repaired by surgical clipping and endovascular coiling. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of data from a series of patients who underwent surgical clipping or endovascular coiling of ruptured cerebral aneurysms between 1996 and 2013. The medical records and hospital cost data were all examined...
May 11, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757810/changes-in-ocular-hypotensive-drug-usage-for-glaucoma-treatment-after-cataract-surgery-a-nationwide-population-based-study-in-taiwan
#8
Pei-Yao Chang, Jiun-Yi Wang, Shu-Wen Chang, Yu-Chia Chang
PURPOSE: To observe the changes in the demand for prescriptions of ocular hypertensive drug (OHD) after cataract surgery, to investigate patterns of change in the required OHD amount in open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and angle-closure glaucoma (ACG) cases and to determine the associated factors related to the change. METHODS: This population-based cohort study using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database enrolled patients with glaucoma who underwent bilateral cataract surgeries within 2 years between 2001 and 2012...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753054/psoriatic-patients-with-chronic-viral-hepatitis-do-not-have-an-increased-risk-of-liver-cirrhosis-despite-long-term-methotrexate-use-real-world-data-from-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#9
Kuo-Tung Tang, Yi-Ming Chen, Shih-Ni Chang, Ching-Heng Lin, Der-Yuan Chen
BACKGROUND: Methotrexate (MTX) is commonly used in the treatment of patients with moderate to severe psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study to investigate the impact of long-term MTX use on the risk of chronic viral hepatitis-related cirrhosis among psoriatic patients in Taiwan. METHODS: This study obtained data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. We identified 2417 psoriatic patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) (370 MTX users and 2047 MTX non-users) and 1127 psoriatic patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) (174 MTX users and 953 MTX non-users) from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2010...
May 9, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746578/seasonal-peaks-and-risk-factors-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infections-related-hospitalization-of-preterm-infants-in-taiwan
#10
Hsin Chi, Ching-Hu Chung, Yuh-Jyh Lin, Chyi-Her Lin
OBJECTIVES: To assess the nationwide seasonal peaks, risk factors, and utilization of medical resources of respiratory syncytial virus-associated hospitalization (RSVH) in preterm infants in Taiwan. STUDY DESIGN: A Taiwan nationwide birth cohort was extracted from the Birth Certificate Application Database during 2007-2009 and prospectively linked to the National Health Insurance database. We evaluated the seasonal peaks and risk factors (gestational age [GA], chronologic age [CA], and bronchopulmonary dysplasia [BPD]) associated with the RSVH of preterm infants...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742704/comparisons-of-mortality-and-rehospitalization-between-hip-fractured-elderly-with-outpatient-rehabilitation-and-those-without-a-strobe-compliant-article
#11
Po-Jung Pan, Pin-Hsun Lin, Gau-Jun Tang, Tzuo-Yun Lan
Geriatric patients with hip fractures have high mortality. This study aimed to compare the mortality and rehospitalization of recipient and nonrecipient of outpatient rehabilitation in hip-fractured elderly.This retrospective cohort study used nationwide claims data in Taiwan and included 3585 senior citizen patients admitted for hip fractures between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2012. Patients were divided into the recipient (717) and nonrecipient (2868) of outpatient rehabilitation during the first 3 months after hospital discharge...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740354/increased-risk-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-allergic-diseases-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Hsin-An Chang, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Yu-Chen Kao, Chuan-Chia Chang, Hui-Wen Yeh, Wei-Shan Chiang, Yu-Ching Chou, Shan-Yueh Chang, Wu-Chien Chien
Background/objective: Allergic diseases, such as bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, and psychiatric disorders, are major health issues. There have been reports that allergic diseases were associated with depression or anxiety disorders. This study aimed to investigate the association between these allergic diseases and the risk of developing overall psychiatric disorders in patients from Taiwan. Methods: This cohort study used the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739783/characteristics-of-young-children-with-developmental-delays-and-their-trends-over-14-years-in-taiwan-a-population-based-nationwide-study
#13
Der-Chung Lai, Yen-Cheng Tseng, How-Ran Guo
OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiological characteristics of developmental delays (DD) at the national level and assess the changes over time. DESIGN: We calculated the incidence rates of DD from 2003 to 2016 and assessed the trends over time. SETTING: As dictated by law, local governments in Taiwan are required to register children with DD and provide services. The central government has constructed a national registry with the data from local centres...
May 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739652/prolonged-length-of-stay-for-acute-hospital-admissions-as-the-increasing-of-age-a-nationwide-population-study-for-taiwan-s-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#14
Kuo-Liang Chiang, Chin-Yin Huang, Hueng-Chuen Fan, Fang-Chuan Kuo
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating reasons for the admission and the associated lengths of stay (LOSs) among cerebral palsy (CP) patients are limited. This study determined common reasons for acute hospitalizations and the LOSs among children, adolescents, and young adults with CP. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data. CP patients aged 4-32.9 years were identified by CP registry in the catastrophic illness patient registry of the 2010 Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
April 12, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734656/association-between-peptic-ulcer-disease-and-periodontitis-a-nationwide-population-based-case-control-study-in-taiwan
#15
Hui-Chieh Yu, Tsung-Po Chen, Chia-Yi Wei, Yu-Chao Chang
Previous studies have suggested that peptic ulcer disease (PUD) including stomach and duodenal ulcers might be associated with periodontitis (PD); however, no clear conclusions have been reached thus far. In this retrospective case-control study, we aimed to investigate the association between PUD and PD by using a large population-based dataset in Taiwan. A population-based retrospective case control study was conducted using the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2010 (LHID2010) derived from the National Health Insurance Research database (NHIRD) in Taiwan from 2000 to 2013...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731984/hormone-replacement-therapy-decreases-the-risk-of-tinnitus-in-menopausal-women-a-nationwide-study
#16
Hsin-Chien Chen, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Vincent C F Chen, Yu-Chi Wang, Wu-Chien Chien
The incidence and risk of tinnitus associated with hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in menopausal women have not yet been fully examined. We examined the medical records of menopausal women aged between 45 and 79 years from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database of records between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2010 to establish matched cohorts (13,920 HRT users and 41,760 nonusers). The incidence of tinnitus in HRT users and nonusers were matched 1:3 based on propensity-score matching over this ten year period...
April 13, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728313/association-between-influenza-vaccination-and-the-reduced-risk-of-acute-kidney-injury-among-older-people-a-nested-case-control-study
#17
Chia-Hsiang Shih, Yi-Jung Lee, Pei-Wen Chao, Shu-Chen Kuo, Shuo-Ming Ou, Hung-Meng Huang, Yung-Tai Chen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine whether vaccination against influenza is associated with a reduced risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) in a nationwide cohort of adults aged ≥65 years. METHODS: We investigated a total of 13,270 patients aged ≥65 years who were hospitalized for AKI between 2000 and 2013 from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. Each AKI case was matched with one control subject according to duration of follow-up, age, sex, monthly income, urbanization level, and baseline comorbidities...
May 1, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727071/risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#18
Mu-Hong Chen, Tai-Long Pan, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Shih-Jen Tsai, Wen-Han Chang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Ya-Mei Bai
BACKGROUND: Studies have suggested there is an association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)-related risk factors, such as obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. However, the association between ADHD and type 2 DM remains unknown. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we enrolled 35,949 adolescents and young adults with ADHD (ICD-9-CM code: 314) and 71,898 (1:2) age- and sex-matched controls from 2002 through 2009 and followed up with them until the end of 2011...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726897/incidence-and-risk-factor-analysis-of-thromboembolic-events-in-east-asian-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-multinational-collaborative-study
#19
Meng-Tzu Weng, Sang Hyoung Park, Katsuyoshi Matsuoka, Chien-Chih Tung, Jae Yong Lee, Chin-Hao Chang, Suk-Kyun Yang, Mamoru Watanabe, Jau-Min Wong, Shu-Chen Wei
Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) events. However, the incidence and necessity of prophylaxis for VTE in Asian IBD patients is unknown. We examined the incidence of VTE in East Asian IBD patients and analyze the possible risk factors. Methods: We conducted a multinational retrospective study of 2562 hospitalized IBD patients from 2010 to 2015. Moreover, a nationwide cohort study from 2001 to 2013 from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) was conducted to analyze the incidence rate of VTE in IBD and non-IBD patients...
May 3, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726724/epidemiology-of-behcet-s-disease-in-taiwan-a-population-based-study
#20
Yu-Hao Lin, Tzu-Yang Tai, Cheng-Yun Pu, De-Kuang Hwang, Yu-Mei Chung, Yiing-Jeng Chou
PURPOSE: To study the incidence and epidemiology of Behcet's disease in Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted using the nationwide reimbursement database in Taiwan. One million registered beneficiaries of the Taiwan National Health Insurance system in 2000 were randomly selected. All medical claims of these persons were collected. The definition of having Behcet's disease was based on diagnostic codes. Persons who had incomplete registry data or diagnoses prior to 2001 were excluded...
May 4, 2018: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
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