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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087547/risk-of-pneumonia-in-patients-with-isolated-minor-rib-fractures-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#1
Sai-Wai Ho, Ying-Hock Teng, Shun-Fa Yang, Han-Wei Yeh, Yu-Hsun Wang, Ming-Chih Chou, Chao-Bin Yeh
OBJECTIVES: Isolated minor rib fractures (IMRFs) after blunt chest traumas are commonly observed in emergency departments. However, the relationship between IMRFs and subsequent pneumonia remains controversial. This nationwide cohort study investigated the association between IMRFs and the risk of pneumonia in patients with blunt chest traumas. DESIGN: Nationwide population-based cohort study. SETTING: Patients with IMRFs were identified between 2010 and 2011 from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081567/risk-of-rebleeding-and-mortality-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-peptic-ulcer-bleeding-a-12-year-nationwide-cohort-study
#2
Shih-Cheng Yang, Chien-Ning Hsu, Chih-Ming Liang, Wei-Chen Tai, Cheng-Kun Wu, Chih-Wei Shih, Ming-Kun Ku, Lan-Ting Yuan, Jiunn-Wei Wang, Kuo-Lun Tseng, Tsung-Hsing Hung, Seng-Howe Nguang, Pin-I Hsu, Deng-Chyang Wu, Seng-Kee Chuah
Although a few studies have investigated the risks of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) in cirrhotic patients, large population-based studies on in-hospital and long-term reports on recurrent PUB in a cohort of cirrhotic patients are lacking. This 12-year nationwide cohort study aimed to investigate the risks of in-hospital and long-term rebleeding and mortality in cirrhotic patients and to identify possible risk factors. Patient data from 1997 to 2008 were extracted from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081205/anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Sher-Wei Lim, Yow-Ling Shiue, Chung-Han Ho, Shou-Chun Yu, Pei-Hsin Kao, Jhi-Joung Wang, Jinn-Rung Kuo
BACKGROUND: Traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) may involve new-onset anxiety and depression post-discharge. However, long-term population-based studies have lacked access to follow-up conditions in terms of new-onset anxiety and depression. The objective of this study was to estimate the long-term risk of new-onset anxiety and depression post-discharge. METHODS: The Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 (LHID2000) from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database was used in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077410/health-policies-on-dialysis-modality-selection-a-nationwide-population-cohort-study
#4
Yi-Chun Lin, Yen-Chung Lin, Chih-Chin Kao, Hsi-Hsien Chen, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Mai-Szu Wu
OBJECTIVES: In Taiwan, peritoneal dialysis (PD) and haemodialysis are fully accessible to patients with end-stage renal disease. However, the usage of PD is considered low in Taiwan. Since 2005, 4 major policies have been implemented by Taiwan's Ministry of Health and Welfare, namely a multidisciplinary predialysis care programme and usage increasing the PD incidence as a key performance indicator (KPI) for hospital accreditation, both of which were implemented in 2006; reimbursement of the glucose-free dialysate, icodextrin that was implemented in 2007; and insurance reimbursement for renting automated PD machines that was implemented in 2008...
January 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073770/impact-of-beta-blocker-initiation-timing-on-mortality-risk-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-undergoing-noncardiac-surgery-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Ray-Jade Chen, Hsi Chu, Lung-Wen Tsai
BACKGROUND: Relevant clinical studies have been small and have not convincingly demonstrated whether the perioperative initiation of beta-blockers should be considered in patients with diabetes mellitus undergoing noncardiac surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this nationwide propensity score-matched study, we included patients with diabetes mellitus undergoing noncardiac surgery between 2000 and 2011 from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients were classified as beta-blocker and non-beta-blocker cohorts...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073582/risk-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-patients-with-rosacea-results-from-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#6
Chun-Ying Wu, Yun-Ting Chang, Chao-Keui Juan, Jeng-Jer Shieh, Yu-Pu Lin, Han-Nan Liu, Jaw-Town Lin, Yi-Ju Chen
BACKGROUND: A link between rosacea and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been proposed with unknown mechanisms. Epidemiologic evidence of this association needs to be examined. METHODS: In this nationwide cohort study, a total of 89,356 patients with rosacea and 178,712 matched patients without rosacea between 1997 and 2013 were identified in the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database. Cumulative incidences of IBD were compared between these 2 cohorts...
January 7, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067607/hormone-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-increases-the-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-nationwide-4-year-longitudinal-cohort-study
#7
Jhen-Hao Jhan, Yuan-Han Yang, Yu-Han Chang, Shiao-Jin Guu, Chia-Chun Tsai
INTRODUCTION: Androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) is recognized to be the preferred first-line treatment for advanced prostate cancer. However, the risk-benefit ratio of ADT remains poorly defined and the relationship between androgen depletion and dementia is not clear. AIM: To investigate the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) in patients undergoing ADT for prostate cancer. METHODS: Data from 24 360 prostate cancer patients were collected from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database of Taiwan...
January 9, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066960/consensus-on-the-clinical-management-screening-to-treat-and-surveillance-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-to-improve-gastric-cancer-control-on-a-nationwide-scale
#8
Bor-Shyang Sheu, Ming-Shiang Wu, Cheng-Tang Chiu, Jing-Chuan Lo, Deng-Chyang Wu, Jyh-Ming Liou, Chun-Ying Wu, Hsiu-Chi Cheng, Yi-Chia Lee, Ping-I Hsu, Chun-Chao Chang, Wei-Lun Chang, Jaw-Town Lin
BACKGROUND: Previous international consensus statements provided general policies for the management of Helicobacter pylori infection. However, there are geographic differences in the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of H. pylori, and in the availability of medications and endoscopy. Thus, nationwide or regional consensus statements are needed to improve control of H. pylori infection and gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This consensus statement for management of H...
January 8, 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062748/risk-of-empyema-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-nationwide-propensity-matched-cohort-study
#9
REVIEW
Te-Chun Shen, Chia-Hung Chen, I-Kuan Wang, Cheng-Li Lin, Chih-Yen Tu, Te-Chun Hsia, Chuen-Ming Shih, Wu-Huei Hsu, Fung-Chang Sung, Chih-Yen Tu, Fung-Chang Sung Contributed Equally
BACKGROUND: Empyema is a rare but important complication among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, a nationwide, propensity-matched cohort study has never been performed. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. The ESRD group consisted of 82,765 patients diagnosed between 2000 and 2008. The comparison group consisted of individuals without kidney disease selected at a 1:1 ratio matched by propensity score estimated with age, gender, year of diagnosis, and comorbidities...
January 5, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056095/ischemic-bowel-syndrome-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-nationwide-study
#10
Chih-Wei Tseng, Cheng-Li Lin, Yu-Tso Chen, Long-Bin Jeng
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether spinal cord injuries (SCI) is associated with increased risk of ischemic bowel syndrome (IBS) in an Asian population by analyzing data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan. METHODS: Patients aged ≥20 years in the inpatient database with newly identified SCI from 2000 to 2011 were selected as the SCI cohort. For the non-SCI cohort, patients were selected based on a 1:4 risk-set sampling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055109/population-based-screening-program-for-reducing-oral-cancer-mortality-in-2-334-299-taiwanese-cigarette-smokers-and-or-betel-quid-chewers
#11
Shu-Lin Chuang, William Wang-Yu Su, Sam Li-Sheng Chen, Amy Ming-Fang Yen, Cheng-Ping Wang, Jean Ching-Yuan Fann, Sherry Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Yi-Chia Lee, Han-Mo Chiu, Dun-Cheng Chang, Yann-Yuh Jou, Chien-Yuan Wu, Hsiu-Hsi Chen, Mu-Kuan Chen, Shu-Ti Chiou
BACKGROUND: To reduce oral cancer mortality, an organized, population-based screening program for the early detection of oral premalignancy and oral cancer was designed for high-risk individuals with habits of betel quid chewing, cigarette smoking, or both. The objective of this report was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of this program in reducing the incidence of advanced disease and deaths from oral cancer. METHODS: A nationwide, population-based screening program for oral cancer has been conducted in Taiwan since 2004...
January 5, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046120/lower-urinary-tract-infection-and-subsequent-risk-of-prostate-cancer-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Chao-Yueh Fan, Wen-Yen Huang, Kuen-Tze Lin, Chun-Shu Lin, Hsing-Lung Chao, Jen-Fu Yang, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
PURPOSE: We investigated whether lower urinary tract infection (LUTI), including cystitis or urethritis, is associated with an increased risk of developing prostate cancer (PCa), in a nationwide population-based cohort study. METHODS: We identified 14,273 men newly diagnosed with LUTI (9347 with cystitis, and 4926 with urethritis) between 1998 and 2011, from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000. Each patient was randomly frequency-matched with 4 men without LUTI, based on age and index year of diagnosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044464/cancer-risk-in-patients-with-osteoporosis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Li-Min Sun, Ji-An Liang, Cheng-Li Lin, Ming-Chia Lin, Nai-Jen Chang, Chia-Hung Kao
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis has been associated with cancer development. We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study in Taiwan to evaluate this possible association of osteoporosis with subsequent cancer development. METHODS: A total of 35 979 patients diagnosed with osteoporosis between 2000 and 2010 identified from the National Health Insurance Research Database comprised the osteoporosis cohort, and each patient was randomly frequency-matched with one individual from the general population (without osteoporosis) based on age, sex, and year of osteoporosis diagnosis to form the non-osteoporosis (control) cohort...
January 3, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038444/an-association-between-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-and-the-risk-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-asian-population-results-of-a-nationwide-study
#14
Pei-Hsun Sung, Hsin-Ju Chiang, Yao-Hsu Yang, Chi-Jen Chen, John Y Chiang, Hon-Kan Yip
Cardiovascular complications are the leading causes of death in patients with autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) in the Western countries. However, theprevalence and risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients with ADPKD remain unknown, especially in Asian population. We utilized the data from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) to perform a population-based cohort study (1997-2008). A total of 2062 patients with ADPKD were selected from one million of general population after excluding those patients with age less than 18 years old, receiving renal replacement therapy, and concomitant diagnoses of AMI...
December 27, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029721/risk-of-depression-following-uterine-cancer-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#15
Chao-Yu Chen, Yao-Hsu Yang, Chuan-Pin Lee, Ting-Yao Wang, Bi-Hua Cheng, Yin-Cheng Huang, Pau-Chung Chen, Sophie Hsin-Yi Liang, Michael Dewey, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen
OBJECTIVE: Depression happens commonly in cancer patients. However, there is limited literature on uterine cancer. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the association between uterine cancer and depression as well as the moderating effect of age and hormone replacement therapy (HRT). METHODS: This was a population-based study utilizing Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. We conducted a matched cohort study and identified 6526 patients with uterine cancer and 65260 controls...
December 28, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024664/long-term-use-of-opioids-in-210-officially-registered-patients-with-chronic-noncancer-pain-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Tso-Chou Lin, Luo-Ping Ger, Joseph V Pergolizzi, Robert B Raffa, Ju-O Wang, Shung-Tai Ho
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Prescribing opioids for chronic noncancer pain has been strictly regulated for two decades in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to survey the patients' perspectives and potential drawbacks following long-term use of opioids. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional survey using the Taiwanese version of Brief Pain Inventory was conducted among outpatients with chronic noncancer pain registered by the Taiwan Food and Drug Administration. Patients were also asked about their sexual behavior, depression, opioid misuse behaviors, and use of complementary and alternative medicine...
December 23, 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013414/gonorrhea-infection-increases-the-risk-of-prostate-cancer-in-asian-population-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Y-C Wang, C-H Chung, J-H Chen, M-H Chiang, Ti-Yin, C-H Tsao, F-H Lin, W-C Chien, S-T Shang, F-Y Chang
This nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study evaluated the risk of developing prostate cancer among patients with gonorrhea. We identified cases of newly diagnosed gonorrhea in men between 2000 and 2010 from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Each patient with gonorrhea was matched to four controls, based on age and index year. All subjects were followed up from the index date to December 31, 2010. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to assess the risk of prostate cancer...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011646/infection-related-hospitalization-and-risk-of-end-stage-renal-disease-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#18
Chien-Hung Lin, Peir-Haur Hung, Hsiao-Yun Hu, Yann-Jang Chen, How-Ran Guo, Kuan-Yu Hung
BACKGROUND: Infections are a major cause of morbidity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and may lead to death. No nationally representative study of patients with SLE has examined the rates of infection-related hospitalization and the risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: We conducted a nationwide cohort study of 7326 patients with newly diagnosed SLE and no history of ESRD. All data were from Taiwan's National Health Insurance claims database for the period 2000-11...
December 22, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005963/association-of-respiratory-tuberculosis-with-incident-bone-fracture-bridging-the-tuberculosis-airway-infection-and-the-osteoporotic-bone
#19
Jun-Jun Yeh, Yu-Chiao Wang, Che-Chen Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Wu-Huei Hsu
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between respiratory tuberculosis (RT) and incident fragility fracture and osteoporosis/fragility fracture in the general population is not well determined; therefore, we conducted a nationwide cohort study to investigate this relationship. METHODS: We used the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan to identify 6612 newly diagnosed patients with RT (RT cohort) and 13220 patients without RT (non-RT cohort) from 1999 to 2005...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000517/anxiety-and-depression-are-associated-with-long-term-outcomes-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-nationwide-study-of-a-taiwan-cohort
#20
King-Teh Lee, Jin-Jia Lin, Hon-Yi Shi
OBJECTIVE: A natural experimental design was coupled with propensity score matching to assess the risks of anxiety and depression and to assess the longitudinal effects of anxiety and depression on healthcare utilization and mortality in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. METHODS: This nationwide population-based cohort study retrospectively analyzed 7,304 patients treated for HCC during 1996-2010. Generalized estimating equations were used to estimate differences-in-differences models for examining the effects of anxiety and depression disorders...
December 21, 2016: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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