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lung ultrasound heart failure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077666/direct-ultrasound-of-the-pulmonary-artery-helps-diagnose-a-rare-cause-of-right-ventricular-failure-after-heart-transplantation-a-case-report
#1
John S McNeil, Si M Pham, Julie L Huffmyer
Pulmonary artery anastomosis stenosis is a rare cause of right ventricular failure after orthotopic heart transplantation. In this case report, direct ultrasound of the pulmonary artery helped diagnose stenosis at a location not visible on transesophageal echocardiography or even with standard epicardial ultrasound views. It is important to evaluate all vascular anastomoses after heart or lung transplantation because surgical revision of these lesions is facile, but if left undiagnosed, significant morbidity or mortality is likely...
October 26, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071663/usefulness-of-lung-ultrasound-in-the-management-of-patients-with-heart-failure
#2
Deodato Assanelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984662/rapid-cardiothoracic-ultrasound-protocol-for-diagnosis-of-acute-heart-failure-in-the-emergency-department
#3
Jonas Öhman, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Pasi Karjalainen, Johan Lassus
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a rapid cardiothoracic ultrasound protocol (CaTUS), combining echocardiographically derived E/e' and lung ultrasound (LUS), for diagnosing acute heart failure (AHF) in patients with undifferentiated dyspnea in an emergency department (ED). PATIENTS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 100 patients with undifferentiated dyspnea from a tertiary care ED, who all had CaTUS done immediately upon arrival in the ED...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980408/the-application-of-lung-ultrasound-in-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-and-reduced-ejection-fraction
#4
Feifei Yang, Qiushuang Wang, Guang Zhi, Liwei Zhang, Dangsheng Huang, Dong Shen, Meiqing Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Lung ultrasound detection of B-lines has become a simple, semiquantitative, noninvasive tool for evaluating pulmonary congestion in heart failure (HF) patients. This study compared the correlation of B-lines with E/e', NT-proBNP, and ejection fraction (EF) in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). METHODS: Eighty-two consecutive patients who were diagnosed with acute decompensated HF were divided into two groups: preserved ejection fraction heart failure (HFpEF, EF≥50%, n=32) and reduced ejection fraction heart failure (HFrEF, EF<50%, n=50)...
October 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960894/focused-echocardiography-and-lung-ultrasound-protocol-for-guiding-treatment-in-acute-heart-failure
#5
Jonas Öhman, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Pasi Karjalainen, Johan Lassus
AIMS: There is little evidence-based therapy existing for acute heart failure (AHF), hospitalizations are lengthy and expensive, and optimal monitoring of AHF patients during in-hospital treatment is poorly defined. We evaluated a rapid cardiothoracic ultrasound (CaTUS) protocol, combining focused echocardiographic evaluation of cardiac filling pressures, that is, medial E/e' and inferior vena cava index, with lung ultrasound (LUS) for guiding treatment in hospitalized AHF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 20 consecutive patients hospitalized for AHF, whose in-hospital treatment was guided using the CaTUS protocol according to a pre-specified treatment protocol targeting resolution of pulmonary congestion on LUS and lowering cardiac filling pressures...
September 28, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925053/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-can-save-lives-in-children-with-heart-or-lung-failure-after-liver-transplantation
#6
Sandrine Jean, Christophe Chardot, Mehdi Oualha, Carmen Capito, Olivier Bustarret, Philippe Pouard, Sylvain Renolleau, Florence Lacaille, Laurent Dupic
The risk of cardiac or lung failure after liver transplantation (LT) is significant. In rare cases, the usual intensive care techniques fail to maintain organ oxygenation with a risk of multiorgan dysfunction. Although extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a difficult and risky procedure, it can be proposed as life-saving. Four children with either acute pulmonary (three) or cardiac (one) failure after LT, and the criteria that decided the use of ECMO (level of ventilation and results, dosage of inotropic drugs, cardiac ultrasound, blood lactate) were retrospectively reported...
September 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924977/performing-lung-ultrasound-at-rest-and-or-after-an-exercise-stress-test-to-better-identify-high-risk-ambulatory-patients-with-heart-failure
#7
EDITORIAL
Nicolas Girerd, Patrick Rossignol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874293/a-plea-for-an-early-ultrasound-clinical-integrated-approach-in-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-a-proactive-comment-on-the-esc-guidelines-on-heart-failure-2016
#8
G Tavazzi, A N Neskovic, A Hussain, G Volpicelli, G Via
BACKGROUND: The European Association of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of acute heart failure (AHF) indicate prompt therapy initiation and performance of relevant investigations as paramount. Specifically, echocardiography prior to treatment is advocated only with hemodynamic instability, and the evaluation of clinical signs of peripheral perfusion and congestion is suggested as guidance for early interventions. Given the growing body of evidence on the diagnostic/monitoring capabilities of bedside ultrasound (including focused cardiac ultrasound, comprehensive echocardiography, lung ultrasound), we discuss the potential benefit of an integrated clinical/ultrasound approach at the very early stages of acute heart failure...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871936/xanthoma-like-skin-changes-in-an-elderly-woman-with-a-normal-lipid-profile
#9
Piotr Nockowski, Zdzisław Woźniak, Adam Reich, Joanna Maj
Dear Editor, An 83-year-old woman developed yellow-brownish infiltrates, nodules, and tumors mimicking xanthomas, mostly involving the periorbital and chest area within three months (Figure 1). She had no abnormalities in serum cholesterol or triglycerides levels. A detailed laboratory analysis revealed the presence of mild monoclonal gammopathy with a presence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) kappa light chains; however, according to hematologist consultation, it did not require medical intervention. Imaging assessment and ultrasound examination did not show any specific involvement of internal organs...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865726/b-lines-with-lung-ultrasound-the-optimal-scan-technique-at%C3%A2-rest-and-during-stress
#10
Maria Chiara Scali, Angela Zagatina, Iana Simova, Nadezhda Zhuravskaya, Quirino Ciampi, Marco Paterni, Mario Marzilli, Clara Carpeggiani, Eugenio Picano
Various lung ultrasound (LUS) scanning modalities have been proposed for the detection of B-lines, also referred to as ultrasound lung comets, which are an important indication of extravascular lung water at rest and after exercise stress echo (ESE). The aim of our study was to assess the lung water spatial distribution (comet map) at rest and after ESE. We performed LUS at rest and immediately after semi-supine ESE in 135 patients (45 women, 90 men; age 62 ± 12 y, resting left ventricular ejection fraction = 41 ± 13%) with known or suspected heart failure or coronary artery disease...
November 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859840/corrigendum-to-lung-ultrasound-predicts-decompensation-in-heart-failure-outpatients-another-piece-to-the-puzzle-but-still-an-incomplete-picture-int-j-cardiol-240-2017-324-325
#11
Eustachio Agricola, Claudia Marini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803375/lung-ultrasound-in-internal-medicine-efficiently-drives-the-management-of-patients-with-heart-failure-and-speeds-up-the-discharge-time
#12
Chiara Mozzini, Marco Di Dio Perna, Giancarlo Pesce, Ulisse Garbin, Anna Maria Fratta Pasini, Andrea Ticinesi, Antonio Nouvenne, Tiziana Meschi, Alder Casadei, Maurizio Soresi, Luciano Cominacini
Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a valid tool for the assessment of heart failure (HF) through the quantification of the B-lines. This study in HF patients aims to evaluate if LUS: (1) can accelerate the discharge time; (2) can efficiently drive diuretic therapy dosage; and (3) may have better performance compared to the amino-terminal portion of B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels in monitoring HF recovery. A consecutive sample of 120 HF patients was admitted from the Emergency Department (ED) to the Internal Medicine Department (Verona University Hospital)...
August 12, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793969/lung-ultrasound-in-internal-medicine-a-bedside-help-to-increase-accuracy-in-the-diagnosis-of-dyspnea
#13
Tiziano Perrone, Alessia Maggi, Carmelo Sgarlata, Ilaria Palumbo, Elisa Mossolani, Sara Ferrari, Ariel Melloul, Roberta Mussinelli, Michele Boldrini, Ambra Raimondi, Aderville Cabassi, Francesco Salinaro, Stefano Perlini
BACKGROUND: Dyspnea is one of the most frequent causes of admission in Internal Medicine wards, leading to a sizeable utilization of medical resources. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The role of bedside lung ultrasound (LUS) was evaluated in 130 consecutive patients (age: 81±9years), in whom blindly collected LUS results were compared with data obtained by clinical examination, medical history, blood analysis, and chest X-ray. Dyspnea etiology was classified as "cardiac" (n=80), "respiratory" (n=36) or "mixed" (n=14), according to the discharge diagnosis (congestive heart failure either alone [n=80] or associated with pneumonia [n=14], pneumonia [n=24], and obstructive disventilatory syndrome [n=12])...
August 6, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763158/frequency-and-number-of-b-lines-using-a-regionally-based-lung-ultrasound-examination-in-cats-with-radiographically-normal-lungs-compared-to-cats-with-left-sided-congestive-heart-failure
#14
Gregory R Lisciandro, Robert M Fulton, Geoffrey T Fosgate, Kelly A Mann
OBJECTIVE: To establish a baseline lung ultrasound (LUS) artifact profile using a regionally based protocol in cats without clinical signs of respiratory disease and with radiographically normal lungs compared to a cohort of cats with left-sided congestive heart failure (CHF). DESIGN: Prospective case series. ANIMALS: Forty-nine cats without clinical signs of respiratory disease and with radiographically normal lungs and 7 cats with radiographic evidence of left-sided CHF...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631156/diagnosis-of-secondary-pulmonary-lymphangiectasia-in-congenital-heart-disease-a-novel-role-for-chest-ultrasound-and-prognostic-implications
#15
Christopher Z Lam, Tanmay Anant Bhamare, Tamadhir Gazzaz, David Manson, Tilman Humpl, Mike Seed
BACKGROUND: Secondary pulmonary lymphangiectasia is a complication of congenital heart disease that results from chronic pulmonary venous obstruction. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the performance of chest ultrasound (US) in diagnosing secondary pulmonary lymphangiectasia and to review the clinical course of children with secondary pulmonary lymphangiectasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chest US was performed on 26 children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, total anomalous pulmonary venous connection or cor triatriatum in a prospective observational study...
October 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606681/lung-ultrasound-predicts-decompensation-in-heart-failure-outpatients-another-piece-to-the-puzzle-but-still-an-incomplete-picture
#16
EDITORIAL
Eustachio Agricola, Claudia Marini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606680/pulmonary-congestion-evaluated-by-lung-ultrasound-predicts-decompensation-in-heart-failure-outpatients
#17
Marcelo H Miglioranza, Eugenio Picano, Luigi P Badano, Roberto Sant'Anna, Marciane Rover, Facundo Zaffaroni, Rosa Sicari, Renato K Kalil, Tiago L Leiria, Luna Gargani
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary congestion is the main cause of hospital admission among heart failure (HF) patients. Lung ultrasound (LUS) assessment of B-lines has been recently proposed as a reliable and easy tool for evaluating pulmonary congestion. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic value of LUS in predicting adverse events in HF outpatients. METHODS: Single-center prospective cohort of 97 moderate-to-severe systolic HF patients (53±13years; 61% males) consecutively enrolled between November 2011 and October 2012...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606649/accuracy-of-lung-ultrasound-in-patients-with-acute-dyspnea-the-influence-of-age-multimorbidity-and-cognitive-and-motor-impairment
#18
Luca Vizioli, Paola Forti, Elena Bartoli, Marco Giovagnoli, Guerino Recinella, Davide Bernucci, Marco Masetti, Elena Martino, Gian Luca Pirazzoli, Marco Zoli, Giampaolo Bianchi
Discriminating between causes of dyspnea may be difficult, particularly in the elderly. The aim of this retrospective study of 83 inpatients with acute dyspnea was to assess the influence of age, multimorbidity and cognitive or motor impairment on the diagnostic accuracy of lung ultrasound (LUS) in discriminating acute heart failure (AHF) from noncardiogenic dyspnea (NCD). Univariate analysis indicates that LUS misdiagnosis was associated with the following parameters: history of stroke (p = 0.037), lower activity of daily living (p = 0...
June 9, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591966/-the-value-of-early-diastolic-transmitral-velocity-to-early-mitral-anulus-diastolic-velocity-ratio-for-pulmonary-edema-in-severe-sepsis-patients
#19
Wan-Hong Yin, Yi Li, Yao Qin, Yan Kang, Ji-Yuan Zhao, Tong-Juan Zou, Zhi-Yun Tang
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between the value of early diastolic transmitral velocity to early mitral anulus diastolic velocity ratio (E/E')measured by bedside ultrasound and pulmonary edema in severe sepsis (including septic shock) patients. METHODS: Data were obtained from the critical ultrasound database between November 2014 and August 2015. The severe sepsis (including septic shock) patients were eligible, but those with chronic heart disease or acute heart failure were excluded...
July 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580770/evaluating-pulmonary-congestion-with-lung-ultrasound-and-the-need-to-take-the-next-steps-in-heart-failure
#20
EDITORIAL
Johan Lassus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
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