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Carotid intima media thickness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914134/association-between-lumbar-bone-mineral-density-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-korean-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-of-healthy-twin-study
#1
Jinyoung Shin, Joo Hyun Park, Yun Mi Song, Kayoung Lee, Joohon Sung
Bone mineral density (BMD) has been suggested to be associated with atherosclerosis. In the present study, we evaluated the association between lumbar BMD and the segments of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), a surrogate marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, in Korean adults, with consideration of sex and menopause status. Among 1,679 Korean adults who enrolled in a Healthy Twin Study, 723 men, 690 premenopausal women, and 266 postmenopausal women measured the CIMT at the common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT), carotid bifurcation intima-media thickness (BIF-IMT), internal carotid artery intima-media thickness (ICA-IMT) using B-mode ultrasound and lumbar BMD using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913876/atherosclerosis-assessment-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
C Bes, S Gürel, G Buğdaycı, O Dikbaş, M Soy
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with increased morbidity and mortality due to atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is an enzyme of phospholipase A2; it plays an important role in inflammation and atherosclerosis. Herein we aimed to investigate whether Lp-PLA2 activity is associated with atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and compare the Lp-PLA2 activity with carotid intima media thickness (CIMT)...
December 2, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913444/correlation-of-retinal-arterial-wall-thickness-with-atherosclerosis-predictors-in-type-2-diabetes-without-clinical-retinopathy
#3
Shigeta Arichika, Akihito Uji, Tomoaki Murakami, Kiyoshi Suzuma, Norimoto Gotoh, Nagahisa Yoshimura
AIMS: To evaluate retinal arterial wall thickness (WT) using high-resolution retinal imaging in patients with type 2 diabetes and assess its correlation with risk factors for arteriosclerosis. METHODS: Outer diameter, inner diameter and WT of the retinal artery were measured using adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy in 28 patients with type 2 diabetes without clinically apparent diabetic retinopathy and normal volunteers. Laboratory values and intima-media thickness (IMT) in the common carotid artery were measured...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913325/increasing-axial-resolution-of-ultrasonic-imaging-with-a-joint-sparse-representation-model
#4
Junbo Duan, Hui Zhong, Bowen Jing, Siyuan Zhang, Mingxi Wan
The axial resolution of ultrasonic imaging is confined by the temporal width of acoustic pulse generated by the transducer, which has a limited bandwidth. Deconvolution can eliminate this effect and, therefore, improve the resolution. However, most ultrasonic imaging methods perform deconvolution scan line by scan line, and therefore the information embedded within the neighbor scan lines is unexplored, especially for those materials with layered structures such as blood vessels. In this paper, a joint sparse representation model is proposed to increase the axial resolution of ultrasonic imaging...
December 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912784/liraglutide-improves-metabolic-parameters-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-diabetic-patients-with-the-metabolic-syndrome-an-18-month-prospective-study
#5
Manfredi Rizzo, Ali A Rizvi, Angelo Maria Patti, Dragana Nikolic, Rosaria Vincenza Giglio, Giuseppa Castellino, Giovanni Li Volti, Massimiliano Caprio, Giuseppe Montalto, Vincenzo Provenzano, Stefano Genovese, Antonio Ceriello
BACKGROUND: Liraglutide, a GLP-1 analogue, exerts several beneficial non-glycemic effects in patients with type-2 diabetes (T2DM), such as those on body weight, blood pressure, plasma lipids and inflammation markers. However, the effects of liraglutide on cardiovascular (CV) risk markers in subjects with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) are still largely unknown. We herein explored its effects on various cardio-metabolic risk markers of the MetS in subjects with T2DM. METHODS: We performed an 18-month prospective, real-world study...
December 3, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911121/endocan-is-a-predictor-of-increased-cardiovascular-risk-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#6
Merve Bicer, Aslı Guler, Gokcen Unal Kocabas, Cetin Imamoglu, Ali Baloglu, Oktay Bilgir, Arif Yuksel, Giray Bozkaya, Mehmet Calan
PURPOSE: Endocan is a proteoglycan secreted mainly from endothelial cells. It has been implicated that there is a link between endocan and endothelial dysfunction. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive and metabolic disease associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events. The aims of this study were to ascertain whether circulating endocan levels are altered in women with PCOS, and whether there is an association between endocan and carotid intima media thickness (cIMT)...
December 2, 2016: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909203/lipid-changes-around-the-final-menstrual-period-predict-carotid-subclinical-disease-in-postmenopausal-women
#7
Karen A Matthews, Samar R El Khoudary, Maria M Brooks, Carol A Derby, Siobán D Harlow, Emma J M Barinas-Mitchell, Rebecca C Thurston
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Atherogenic changes in lipids occur among women around the time of the natural menopause, that is, within 1 year of the final menstrual period (FMP). We investigated whether lipid changes around the FMP are related to carotid intima-media thickness, interadventitial diameter, and plaque in postmenopausal women. METHODS: A total of 863 natural postmenopausal women with no history of heart attack or stroke underwent carotid ultrasound scans at follow-up year 12 or 13 of the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation...
December 1, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907041/carotid-atherosclerosis-cerebrospinal-fluid-pressure-and-retinal-vessel-diameters-the-asymptomatic-polyvascular-abnormalities-in-community-study
#8
Jing Yan Yang, Xuan Yang, Yang Li, Jie Xu, Yong Zhou, An Xin Wang, Xiang Gao, Liang Xu, Shou Ling Wu, Wen Bin Wei, Xing Quan Zhao, Jost B Jonas
PURPOSE: To assess relationships between carotid artery atherosclerosis and retinal arteriolar and venular diameters. METHODS: The community-based longitudinal Asymptomatic Polyvascular Abnormalities Community Study (APAC) included a sub-population of the Kailuan study which consisted of 101,510 employees and retirees of a coal mining industry. Based on the Chinese National Census 2010 and excluding individuals with history of cerebrovascular ischemic events, 4004 individuals were included into the APAC...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906841/annexin-a5-in-treated-hypertensive-patients-and-its-association-with-target-organ-damage
#9
Alessandro Maloberti, Paolo Meani, Paola Vallerio, Marisa Varrenti, Francesca Casadei, Francesco Musca, Rita Facchetti, Anna M Di Blasio, Susanna Ravassa, Giuseppe Mancia, Cristina Giannattasio
OBJECTIVE: Annexin A5 (AnxA5) has been previously linked to the presence of carotid and cardiac target organ damage (TOD) in the context of heart failure and rheumatologic patients. However, information is scant in the context of hypertension. Aim of our study was to evaluate AnxA5 in treated hypertension patients compared with normotensive controls and to determine whether it is associated with vascular and heart TOD evaluated as arterial stiffness, carotid plaque and left ventricular hypertrophy...
January 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905124/assessment-of-early-atherosclerosis-and-left-ventricular-dysfunction-in-children-with-21-hydroxylase-deficiency
#10
Rahmi Özdemir, Hüseyin Anil Korkmaz, Mehmet Küçük, Cem Karadeniz, Timur Meşe, Behzat Özkan
AIM: We analysed 25 children with 21-hydroxylase deficiency who received glucocorticoid and/or mineralocorticoid treatment for at least 12 months to determine the effects of the disease and its treatment on vascular structures and ventricular function. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with 21-hydroxylase-deficient congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and 25 control subjects were enrolled into this observational, cross-sectional study. The patients were investigated in terms of fasting blood glucose and insulin; fasting serum lipid profile; serum 17-hydroxyprogesterone; dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate; androstenedione; and adrenocorticotropic hormone...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904029/coronary-artery-calcium-and-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-and-plaque-clinical-use-in-need-of-clarification
#11
Maryam Zaid, Akira Fujiyoshi, Aya Kadota, Robert D Abbott, Katsuyuki Miura
Atherosclerosis begins in early life and has a long latent period prior to onset of clinical disease. Measures of subclinical atherosclerosis, therefore, may have important implications for research and clinical practice of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). In this review, we focus on coronary artery calcium (CAC) and carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) and plaque as many population-based studies have investigated these measures due to their non-invasive features and ease of administration...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901176/different-methods-of-calculating-ankle-brachial-index-in-mid-elderly-men-and-women-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#12
M Miname, I M Bensenor, P A Lotufo
The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis related to health-adverse outcomes. ABI is inexpensive compared to other indexes, such as coronary calcium score and determination of carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT). Our objective was to identify how the ABI can be applied to primary care. Three different methods of calculating the ABI were compared among 13,921 men and women aged 35 to 74 years who were free of cardiovascular diseases and enrolled in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)...
2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900969/proteinuria-graft-outcomes-and-cardiovascular-risk-among-kidney-transplant-recipients-in-a-south-african-public-hospital
#13
Aminu Muhammad Sakajiki, Sagren Naidoo, P Manga, M S Nazir, S Naicker
Proteinuria is a marker of poor long-term graft survival and an independent risk factor for total and cardiovascular mortality in the transplant population. We investigated the prevalence of proteinuria and its relationship with graft function and cardiovascular risk factors in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). Adult KTRs at the Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital were recruited. Patients' records were reviewed for information on their posttransplant follow-up. Echocardiography and carotid Doppler were performed for the assessment of cardiac status and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), respectively...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899862/the-relationship-between-lichen-planus-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness
#14
Koseoglu C, Erdogan M, Koseoglu G, Kurmus O, Ertem Ag, Efe Th, Kurmus Gi, Durmaz T, Keles T, Bozkurt E
BACKGROUND: Lichen planus (LP) is a chronic inflammatory disease. Although the association between chronic inflammation and subclinical atherosclerosis has been reported in the literature, the relationship between LP and carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) has not been previously investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between LP and CIMT. METHODS: One hundred eleven LP patients and 105 controls were enrolled in the study. Then, CIMT examination was performed with an ultrasonography device...
November 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899079/vasopressin-related-copeptin-is-a-novel-predictor-of-early-endothelial-dysfunction-in-patients-with-adult-polycystic-kidney-disease
#15
Ismail Kocyigit, Mahmut Ilker Yilmaz, Ozkan Gungor, Eray Eroglu, Aydin Unal, Ozcan Orscelik, Bulent Tokgoz, Murat Sipahioglu, Ahmet Sen, Juan Jesús Carrero, Oktay Oymak, Jonas Axelsson
BACKGROUND: In this study, we examined the relative usefulness of serum copeptin levels as a surrogate marker of vasopressin (AVP) in adult polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) by correlating it with baseline and longitudinal changes in markers of both renal function and common CVD manifestations (hypertensive vascular disease, atherosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction) that accompany the progression of this disease. METHODS: We studied a cohort of young and otherwise healthy ADPKD patients (n = 235) and measured cardiovascular function using flow-mediation dilatation (FMD), carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) and pulse wave velocity (PWV), as well as serum copeptin (commercial ELISA, a stable marker of AVP activity)...
November 30, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896929/impact-of-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-on-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-without-metabolic-syndrome
#16
Ya-Ting Chang, Hsin-Ching Lin, Wen-Neng Chang, Nai-Wen Tsai, Chih-Cheng Huang, Hung-Chen Wang, Chia-Te Kung, Yu-Jih Su, Wei-Che Lin, Ben-Chung Cheng, Chih-Min Su, Ting-Yao Chen, Yi-Fang Chiang, Cheng-Hsien Lu
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a good indicator of the severity of atherosclerotic disease. This study tested the hypothesis that inflammation and oxidative stress determined carotid IMT in patients with OSA. The carotid IMT, mean systolic and diastolic pressure (night and morning) were significantly higher and the level of thiols and high-density lipoprotein were significantly lower in our 121 OSA patients than in 27 controls (P < 0...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895720/increased-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-brazilian-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Maria Fernanda Gontijo Sepulveda Fusaro, Jovita Lane Soares Santos Zanini, Ivani Novato Silva
BACKGROUND: Increased carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, is an independent predictor of future cardiovascular events, and has been reported in children with various chronic diseases, including type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). OBJECTIVES: Evaluate CIMT and its association with cardiovascular risk factors in Brazilian adolescents with DM1. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 118 adolescents, 57 with DM1 and no chronic complications related to the disease, and 61 healthy individuals...
2016: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895437/isotretinoin-increased-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-acne-patients
#18
A Saklamaz, B Uyar, M Yalcin, H Cengiz
BACKGROUND: Isotretinoin (Iso) in acne treatment may cause dyslipidemia and increase in liver enzymes. Moreover, its effect on lipid and glucose metabolism may induce atherosclerotic complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), osteopontin (OPN), lipid, high sensitive C-reaktive protein (hs-CRP) levels, and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in acne patients before and after Iso treatment. MATERIALS: Twenty-one acne patients were treated with Iso (0...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891375/flow-mediated-dilatation-carotid-intima-media-thickness-ankle-brachial-pressure-index-and-pulse-pressure-in-young-male-post-myocardial-infarction-patients-in-india
#19
Nikhil Gupta, Subhash Giri, Vinita Rathi, Gajender Singh Ranga
INTRODUCTION: Due to increase in Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) at a younger age, we should try to diagnose atherosclerotic process and population at risk, at the earliest. Flow Mediated Dilatation (FMD), Carotid Intima-Media Thickness (CIMT) and Ankle-Brachial Pressure Index (ABI) are probable markers for early atherosclerosis and may be useful in coronary risk stratification. AIM: To compare and correlate the FMD, CIMT, ABI and Pulse Pressure (PP) in young male patients of Myocardial Infarction (MI) with age and sex matched healthy controls...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889551/endothelial-dysfunction-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-survivors
#20
Paola Giordano, Paola Muggeo, Maurizio Delvecchio, Santa Carbonara, Alberto Romano, Maria Altomare, Gabriella Ricci, Federica Valente, Annapaola Zito, Pietro Scicchitano, Luciano Cavallo, Marco Matteo Ciccone, Nicola Santoro, Maria Felicia Faienza
BACKGROUND: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivors have increased risk of obesity, metabolic alterations and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Vascular endothelial function has been studied in adult cancers. Limited data exist regarding CVD risk factors among childhood ALL survivors. We aimed to assess endothelial function, metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors in young survivors of childhood ALL. METHODS: Auxological parameters, blood pressure, glucose, lipid profile, hemostatic markers (total adiponectin and high-molecular-weight subfraction, endothelin-1, von Willebrand factor antigen, thrombin-antithrombin complex, D-dimers, fibrinogen), high sensitive C-reactive protein and ultrasound parameters of endothelial function (flow-mediated dilation-FMD, common carotid intima-media thickness-C-IMT, and antero-posterior diameter of infra-renal abdominal aorta-APAO) were assessed in 52 ALL survivors and 34 sex and age-matched controls...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
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