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Physical performance in the elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223185/aiding-medical-professionals-in-fitness-to-drive-screenings-for-elderly-drivers-development-of-an-office-based-screening-tool
#1
Judith H J Urlings, Ariane Cuenen, Tom Brijs, Mark Lutin, Ellen M M Jongen
BACKGROUND: Elderly drivers are an increasing group in society. Previous research has found that functional and cognitive abilities are more important for driving abilities than biological age. In an attempt to conserve independent mobility for elderly drivers, many researchers have focused on elderly drivers diagnosed with cognitive decline (mild cognitive impairment or mild Dementia). This study is the first to focus on elderly drivers with cognitive complaints or suspected of diminished fitness to drive by an (in)formal caregiver as an at-risk group...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222883/the-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-predicts-mortality-in-nonagenarians-and-centenarians-receiving-home-care
#2
Hui Wang, Shan Hai, Yan Zhou, Ping Liu, Bi-Rong Dong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The increasing prevalence of malnutrition in old people is related to the risk of illness and death. A number of screening tools to detect malnutrition have been used in the elderly to assess nutritional status and predict prognosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status and predict mortality in very old home-care people by using a cross-sectional study of Chinese older people aged 90-105 years...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222712/categorization-and-association-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-adverse-drug-events
#3
REVIEW
Lina Zhou, Anamika Paul Rupa
PURPOSE: Adverse drug events (ADE) are among the leading causes of morbidity and hospitalization. This review analyzes risk factors for ADE, particularly their categorizations and association patterns, the prevalence, severity, and preventability of ADE, and method characteristics of reviewed studies. METHODS: Literature search was conducted via PubMed, Science Direct, CINAHL, and MEDLINE. A review was conducted of research articles that reported original data about specific risk factors for ADE since 2000...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220527/inverse-association-between-neck-pain-and-all-cause-mortality-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#4
Antonio Muscari, Giampaolo Bianchi, Paola Forti, Donatella Magalotti, Paolo Pandolfi, Marco Zoli
Objective: In a previous study, we found an apparent protective effect of neck pain on all-cause mortality in subjects older than age 85 years. The present longitudinal investigation was performed to verify this unexpected finding in a larger sample and to establish its significance. Design: Population follow-up study. Setting: Three towns of Northern Italy. Subjects: We examined 5,253 community-dwelling residents age 65-102 years (55% female)...
December 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214669/tooth-loss-and-its-relationship-with-protein-intake-by-elderly-brazilians-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#5
Rafael A Bomfim, Luciana B de Souza, José E Corrente
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at assessing the relationship between self-perceived tooth loss and wearing dentures, on the one hand, and the consumption of protein, on the other hand, among the elderly population of Botucatu, SP. Food consumption tends to decrease with ageing, especially protein intake, and one of the causes could be the precariousness of oral health. Several risk factors associated with deficient dietary protein intake have been identified, namely greater physical dependence, reduced caloric intake and food insecurity, but no studies have analysed whether tooth loss and prostheses interfere with protein intake...
December 7, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213494/performance-on-cognitive-tests-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-and-depressive-symptoms-of-a-community-based-sample-of-elderly-adults-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#6
Christina Martins Borges Lima, Heloisa Veiga Dias Alves, Daniel Correa Mograbi, Flávia Furtado Pereira, Jesus Landeira Fernandez, Helenice Charchat-Fichman
Objective: To describe the performance on basic cognitive tasks, instrumental activities of daily living, and depressive symptoms of a community-based sample of elderly adults in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) who participated in multiple physical, social, and cognitive activities at government-run community centers. Methods: A total of 264 educated older adults (> 60 years of age of both genders) were evaluated by the Brief Cognitive Screening Battery (BCSB), Lawton's and Pfeffer's activities of daily living indexes, and the Geriatric Depressive Scale (GDS)...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211116/high-burden-and-frailty-association-with-poor-cognitive-performance-in-older-caregivers-living-in-rural-areas
#7
Allan Gustavo Brigola, Bruna Moretti Luchesi, Tiago da Silva Alexandre, Keika Inouye, Eneida Mioshi, Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini
INTRODUCTION: Older caregivers living in rural areas may be exposed to three vulnerable conditions, i.e., those related to care, their own aging, and their residence context. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association of burden and frailty with cognition performance in older caregivers in rural communities. METHOD: In this cross-sectional survey, 85 older caregivers who cared for dependent elders were included in this study. Global cognition (Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination - Revised; Mini Mental State Examination), burden (Zarit Burden Interview) and frailty (Fried's frailty phenotype) were assessed...
December 4, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210932/score-distributions-of-the-balance-outcome-measure-for-elder-rehabilitation-boomer-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-vertebral-fracture
#8
Zachary M Brown, Jenna C Gibbs, Jonathan D Adachi, Maureen C Ashe, Keith D Hill, David L Kendler, Aliya Khan, Alexandra Papaioannou, Sadhana Prasad, John D Wark, Lora M Giangregorio
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate the Balance Outcome Measure for Elder Rehabilitation (BOOMER) in community-dwelling women 65 years and older with vertebral fracture and to describe score distributions and potential ceiling and floor effects. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of baseline data from the Build Better Bones with Exercise randomized controlled trial using the BOOMER. A total of 141 women with osteoporosis and radiographically confirmed vertebral fracture were included...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209970/haze-and-health-impacts-in-asean-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
Logaraj Ramakreshnan, Nasrin Aghamohammadi, Chng Saun Fong, Awang Bulgiba, Rafdzah Ahmad Zaki, Li Ping Wong, Nik Meriam Sulaiman
Seasonal haze episodes and the associated inimical health impacts have become a regular crisis among the ASEAN countries. Even though many emerging experimental and epidemiological studies have documented the plausible health effects of the predominating toxic pollutants of haze, the consistency among the reported findings by these studies is poorly understood. By addressing such gap, this review aimed to critically highlight the evidence of physical and psychological health impacts of haze from the available literature in ASEAN countries...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201525/complete-penile-skin-necrosis
#10
Abdulkadir Pektaş, Ali Özgür Karakaş, Ali Çift, Mehmet Özgür Yücel
Superficial penile skin infections may be presented in different clinical situations that vary from simple infection to organ loss and serious morbidity and mortality. Antibiotic treatment and, if necessary, urgent debridement is required. A 46-year-old male patient with the complaints of urethral discharge and pain admitted to our outpatient clinic. He declared that there were midpenil tenderness and erythema 14 days ago which occurred after sexual intercourse. Complete penile skin necrosis with purulent discharge was detected in physical examination...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201368/medication-use-and-falls-applying-beers-criteria-to-medication-review-in-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Eleanor Yusupov, Davina Chen, Bhuma Krishnamachari
Objectives: Our goal was to assess the association between potentially inappropriate medication use and risk of falls in the Parkinson's disease population. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at an outpatient Parkinson's Disease Treatment Center. Individuals 65 years of age or older, diagnosed with Parkinson's disease who attended at least three visits in 2015 for physical, occupational therapy, or physician's visits were included in the study...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200064/informed-consent-and-cognitive-dysfunction-after-noncardiac-surgery-in-the-elderly
#12
Kirk J Hogan, Lisa C Bratzke, Kendra L Hogan
Cognitive dysfunction 3 months after noncardiac surgery in the elderly satisfies informed consent thresholds of foreseeability in 10%-15% of patients, and materiality with new deficits observed in memory and executive function in patients with normal test performance beforehand. At present, the only safety step to avoid cognitive dysfunction after surgery is to forego surgery, thereby precluding the benefits of surgery with removal of pain and inflammation, and resumption of normal nutrition, physical activity, and sleep...
November 30, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198045/physical-and-mental-health-status-and-their-correlations-among-older-wheelchair-users-with-dementia-in-long-term-care-facilities
#13
Chu-Lin Chang, Kuei-Min Chen
PURPOSE: To investigate the physical health (daily functioning and functional fitness) and mental health (depression and behavioral dysfunction) of older wheelchair users with dementia in long-term care facilities, examine the correlations between physical and mental health, and identify the independent variables of their daily functioning. METHODS: A descriptive correlational method was adopted, which was conducted in six long-term care facilities in three cities, south Taiwan...
December 2, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197830/association-of-accelerometry-measured-physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-events-in-mobility-limited-older-adults-the-life-lifestyle-interventions-and-independence-for-elders-study
#14
Shannon K Cochrane, Shyh-Huei Chen, Jodi D Fitzgerald, John A Dodson, Roger A Fielding, Abby C King, Mary M McDermott, Todd M Manini, Anthony P Marsh, Anne B Newman, Marco Pahor, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Walter T Ambrosius, Thomas W Buford
BACKGROUND: Data are sparse regarding the value of physical activity (PA) surveillance among older adults-particularly among those with mobility limitations. The objective of this study was to examine longitudinal associations between objectively measured daily PA and the incidence of cardiovascular events among older adults in the LIFE (Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders) study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cardiovascular events were adjudicated based on medical records review, and cardiovascular risk factors were controlled for in the analysis...
December 2, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196141/effect-of-resistance-training-on-muscle-strength-and-rate-of-force-development-in-healthy-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Pedro de Camargo Guizelini, Rafael Alves de Aguiar, Benedito Sérgio Denadai, Fabrizio Caputo, Camila Coelho Greco
Rapid force capacity, identified by rate of rise in contractile force at the onset of contraction, i.e., the rate of force development (RFD), has been considered an important neuromuscular parameter of physical fitness in elderly individuals. Randomized control studies conducted in adults have found that resistance training may elicit different outcomes in terms of RFD and muscle strength. Thus, the main purpose of this study was to review systematically the literature for studies regarding the influence of resistance training on muscle strength and RFD in elderly persons...
November 28, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191108/a-screening-tool-using-five-risk-factors-was-developed-for-fall-risk-prediction-in-chinese-community-dwelling-elderly-individuals
#16
Li Kang, Xiaoyu Chen, Peipei Han, Yixuan Ma, Liye Jia, Liyuan Fu, Hairui Yu, Lu Wang, Lin Hou, Xing Yu, Zongyang An, Xuetong Wang, Lu Li, Yuanyuan Zhang, Peng Zhao, Qi Guo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine falls risk profiles to derive a falls risks prediction score and establish a simple and practical clinical screening tool for Chinese community-dwelling elderly individuals. METHOD: This was a prospective cohort study (N=619) among adults aged 60 years and older. Falls were ascertained at a 1-year follow-up appointment. Sociodemographic information, medical history and physical performance data were collected...
November 30, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188884/model-construction-for-biological-age-based-on-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-healthy-chinese-han-population
#17
W Zhang, L Jia, G Cai, F Shao, H Lin, Z Liu, F Liu, D Zhao, Z Li, X Bai, Z Feng, X Sun, X Chen
OBJECTIVES: Biological age (BA) has been proposed to evaluate the aging status in an objective way instead of chronological age (CA). The purpose of our study is to construct a more precise formula of BA in the cross-sectional study based on a largest-ever sample of our studies. This formula aims at better evaluation of body function and exploring the disciplines of aging in different genders and age stages. METHODS: A total of 1,373 healthy Chinese Han (age range, 19-93 years) were recruited from five cities in China, including 581 males and 792 females...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188859/cognitive-performance-does-not-limit-physical-activity-participation-in-the-lifestyle-interventions-and-independence-for-elders-pilot-study-life-p
#18
K F Reid, M P Walkup, J A Katula, K M Sink, S Anton, R Axtell, D R Kerwin, A C King, F Kramer, M E Miller, V Myers, C Rosano, S A Studenski, O L Lopez, J Verghese, R A Fielding, J Williamson
OBJECTIVES: We examined whether multiple domains of baseline cognitive performance were associated with prospective physical activity (PA) adherence in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot study (LIFE-P). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: The LIFE-P study was a single-blind, multicenter, randomized controlled trial of a PA intervention compared to a successful aging educational intervention in sedentary, mobility-limited older adults. INTERVENTION: A 12-month structured, moderate-intensity, multi-modal PA program that included walking, resistance training, and flexibility exercises...
2017: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188857/assessing-the-relationship-between-vitamin-d-status-and-impairments-in-cognitive-and-physical-performance-in-older-adults-using-a-dual-task-physical-performance-test
#19
J Lopez, A Campa, J E Lewis, F G Huffman, J P Liuzzi, T Li, A H Martinez, S M Ferris, A Rasul, A Farooqi, A M Lopez Medrano, S E Atlas, E Tiozzo, J Konefal, J M Woolger
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with an increased risk of falls in older adults. Several studies have demonstrated an association between vitamin D deficiency and gait and cognitive impairments, which are two risk factors for falls in the elderly. There is lack of research about the role of vitamin D in cognitive function in the context of mobility. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between vitamin D status with the age-related changes in mobility through higher order cognitive function using a dual task physical performance test...
2017: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188577/benefits-of-resistance-training-in-physically-frail-elderly-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Pedro Lopez, Ronei Silveira Pinto, Regis Radaelli, Anderson Rech, Rafael Grazioli, Mikel Izquierdo, Eduardo Lusa Cadore
AIM: Exercise is one of the most important components in frailty prevention and treatment. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the effect of resistance training (RT) alone or combined with multimodal exercise intervention on muscle hypertrophy, maximal strength, power output, functional performance, and falls incidence in physically frail elderly. METHODS: MEDLINE, Cochrane CENTRAL, PEDro, and SPORTDiscus databases were searched from 2005 to 2017. Studies must have mentioned the effects of RT (i...
November 29, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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