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Physical performance in the elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103811/study-protocol-effect-of-playful-training-on-functional-abilities-of-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Jari Due Jessen, Henrik Hautop Lund
BACKGROUND: Loss of functional capabilities due to inactivity is one of the most common reasons for fall accidents, and it has been well established that loss of capabilities can be effectively reduced by physical activity. Pilot studies indicate a possible improvement in functional abilities of community dwelling elderly as a result of short-term playing with an exergame system in the form of interactive modular tiles. Such playful training may be motivational to perform and viewed by the subjects to offer life-fulfilling quality, while providing improvement in physical abilities, e...
January 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098134/-validity-reliability-and-associated-factors-of-the-international-physical-activity-questionnaire-adapted-to-elderly-ipaq-e
#2
Francisco Javier Rubio Castañeda, Concepción Tomás Aznar, Carmen Muro Baquero
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity contributes to improve health and reduce mortality in older people. The objective was to analyze the validity of content and reliability of the short version of IPAQ-E in elderly people who attended to Fernando el Católico health center between May 2013 and March 2015. METHODS: Validation study of the short version of the international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) adapted in Spanish elderly (IPAQ-E). Our sampling was for convenience...
January 18, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095780/effectiveness-of-medication-review-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
Victor Johan Bernard Huiskes, David Marinus Burger, Cornelia Helena Maria van den Ende, Bartholomeus Johannes Fredericus van den Bemt
BACKGROUND: Medication review is often recommended to optimize medication use. In clinical practice it is mostly operationalized as an intervention without co-interventions during a short term intervention period. However, most systematic reviews also included co-interventions and prolonged medication optimization interventions. Furthermore, most systematic reviews focused on specific patient groups (e.g. polypharmacy, elderly, hospitalized) and/or on specific outcome measures (e.g. hospital admissions and mortality)...
January 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092244/-depression-and-burden-on-primary-caregivers-of-elderly-persons-with-physical-dependence-of-the-umf-171
#4
Cristina Navarro-Sandoval, Lizbeth Carlota Uriostegui-Espíritu, Edna Gabriela Delgado-Quiñones, Minerva Natalia Sahagún-Cuevas
BACKGROUND: According to the National Health and Nutrition Survey of 2012, more than a quarter of older adults (26.9%) have some degree of disability, requiring a primary caregiver to perform basic activities of daily living. The aim is to determine the prevalence of depression and burden on primary caregivers of elderly persons with physical dependence. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study with non-probability sampling that included the primary caregivers of elderly patients with physical dependence...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091402/geriatric-assessment-to-predict-survival-and-risk-of-serious-adverse-events-in-elderly-newly-diagnosed-multiple-myeloma-patients-a-multicenter-study-in-china
#5
Yu-Ping Zhong, Yi-Zhuo Zhang, Ai-Jun Liao, Su-Xia Li, Chen Tian, Jin Lu
BACKGROUND: Elderly multiple myeloma (MM) patients often tend to suffer a variety of diseases, so the treatment of choice is very difficult for the elderly myeloma patients. The overall survival (OS) time and side effects with elderly patients are unclear in China. The study tried to find out the role of geriatric assessment in the Chinese elderly MM. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 628 newly diagnosed patients from six hospitals from June 2011 to June 2013...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090779/preparation-and-in-vitro-in-vivo-evaluation-of-metformin-hydrochloride-rectal-dosage-forms-for-treatment-of-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#6
Abdel-Azim Zaghloul, Ahmad Lila, Fathy Abd-Allah, Aly Nada
BACKGROUND: Metformin hydrochloride (MtHCL) is an oral antidiabetic drug and has many other therapeutic benefits. It has poor bioavailability, narrow absorption window and extensive liver metabolism. Moreover, children and elders face difficulty to swallow the commercial oral tablets. OBJECTIVES: Preparation, in vitro/in vivo evaluation of MtHCL suppositories for rectal administration to solve some of these problems. METHODS: Suppository fatty bases (Witepsol®, Suppocire® and Massa®; different grades) and PEG bases 1000, 4000 and 6000 (different ratios), were used to prepare rectal suppository formulations each containing 500 mg drug...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077141/determinants-of-and-socio-economic-disparities-in-self-rated-health-in-china
#7
Jiaoli Cai, Peter C Coyte, Hongzhong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) is not only used to measure health status and health inequalities, but also as a strong predictor of morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to: 1) evaluate the factors that account for variations in self-rated health among Chinese citizens; and to 2) explore the process through which socio-economic status may impact self-rated health. METHODS: Data were derived from the Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) (2013)...
January 11, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068553/the-relationship-of-community-activities-with-cognitive-impairment-and-depressive-mood-independent-of-mobility-disorder-in-japanese-older-adults
#8
Mika Okura, Mihoko Ogita, Miki Yamamoto, Toshimi Nakai, Tomoko Numata, Hidenori Arai
AIM: This study aimed to examine the relationship of participating in community activities (CA) with cognitive impairment and depressive mood independent of mobility disorder (MD) among older Japanese people. METHODS: Elderly residents in institutions or those requiring long-term care insurance services were excluded; questionnaires were mailed to 5401 older adults in 2013. The response rate was 94.3% (n=5094). We used multiple imputation to manage missing data...
December 29, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054834/long-term-restrictions-in-participation-in-stroke-survivors-under-and-over-70-years-of-age
#9
Joris A de Graaf, Maria L van Mierlo, Marcel W M Post, Wilco P Achterberg, L Jaap Kappelle, Johanna M A Visser-Meily
PURPOSE: This study aims to (1) assess differences in participation restrictions between stroke survivors aged under and over 70 years and (2) identify predictors associated with favorable and unfavorable long-term participation in both age groups. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in which 326 patients were assessed at stroke onset, two months and one year after stroke. The Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation (USER-Participation) was used to measure participation restrictions one year after stroke...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052929/physical-functioning-and-disability-trajectories-by-age-of-migration-among-mexican-elders-in-the-united-states
#10
Marc A Garcia, Adriana M Reyes
OBJECTIVES: To address a gap in our understanding of the long-term consequences of nativity and age of migration for the health of the Mexican elderly population. METHOD: We employ age graded latent growth curve models stratified by gender to examine the extent of physical functioning and disability, measured in terms of performance-oriented mobility assessments (POMAs) and activities of daily living (ADLs) after age 65 in a large longitudinal sample of Mexican-origin individuals...
January 3, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051266/one-stage-breast-reconstruction-techniques-in-elderly-patients-to-preserve-quality-of-life
#11
M Maruccia, M Mazzocchi, L A Dessy, M G Onesti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review one-stage breast reconstruction techniques performed in elderly patients at our institution to identify the criteria of selection of each in terms of outcomes and quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients older than 65 years who underwent one-stage breast reconstruction between January 2004 and July 2014 at our hospital were included. Patients and procedure-related data were collected from the medical records...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045706/improved-functional-performance-in-geriatric-patients-during-hospital-stay
#12
Anders Karlsen, Mads Rohde Loeb, Kristine Bramsen Andersen, Katrine Jeong Joergensen, Frederik Ulrik Scheel, Ida Fanny Turtumoeygard, Alberto Luis Rodrigues Perez, Michael Kjaer, Nina Beyer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to evaluate the time course of changes in strength and functional performance in elderly hospitalized medical patients. DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study in elderly medical patients of age 65 years or older at a geriatric department.Measurements were obtained on days 2 to 4, day 5 to 8, and days 9 to 13. Functional performance was measured with De Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI) test and a 30-second chair stand test (30-s CST)...
December 30, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043805/utility-of-sarc-f-for-assessing-physical-function-in-elderly-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Shinya Tanaka, Kentaro Kamiya, Nobuaki Hamazaki, Ryota Matsuzawa, Kohei Nozaki, Emi Maekawa, Chiharu Noda, Minako Yamaoka-Tojo, Atsuhiko Matsunaga, Takashi Masuda, Junya Ako
OBJECTIVES: A simple and inexpensive tool for screening of sarcopenia would be helpful for clinicians. The present study was performed to determine whether the SARC-F questionnaire is useful in screening of patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) for impaired physical function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Single university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 235 Japanese patients ≥65 years old admitted to our hospital for CVD...
December 31, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043551/the-prevalence-of-tuberculosis-among-iranian-elderly-patients-admitted-to-the-infectious-ward-of-hospital-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
M Azami, K Sayehmiri, M H YektaKooshali, M R HafeziAhmadi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Age increasing is caused physiological changes in the human body, such as reducing the power of the immune system. Weakened immune systems are more susceptible to bacterial infections like tuberculosis. So, this present study was performed for evaluating the prevalence of tuberculosis among Iranian elderly patients admitted to the infectious ward of a hospital. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis study has been done based on PRISMA guidelines...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042985/enhancing-elderly-health-examination-effectiveness-by-adding-physical-function-evaluations-and-interventions
#15
Chia-Ming Li, Ching-I Chang, Wen-Ruey Yu, Winnie Yang, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Ching-Yu Chen
This study aimed to assess the benefit of adding physical function evaluations and interventions to routine elderly health examination. This is a Quasi-experimental controlled trial. 404 elderly adults (aged 70 and over) scoring 3-6 on the Canadian Study of Health and Aging Clinical Frailty Scale Chinese In-Person Interview Version (CSHA-CFS) in a 2012 annual elderly health examination were enrolled. Both the control and experimental groups received the routine annual health examination with the latter further provided with functional evaluations, exercise instruction, and nutrition education...
December 24, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035933/frontal-lobe-function-correlates-with%C3%A2-one-year-incidence-of-urinary-incontinence-in-elderly-with-alzheimer-disease
#16
Taiki Sugimoto, Masaki Yoshida, Rei Ono, Shunsuke Murata, Naoki Saji, Shumpei Niida, Kenji Toba, Takashi Sakurai
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is frequently observed in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although previous works highlight the association between frontal lobe-related function and UI, causal relationship is unclear. OBJECTS: To clarify the longitudinal association between frontal lobe function and the incidence of UI at 1 year in patients with AD. METHODS: The subjects were 215 continent AD patients who attended the Memory Clinic of the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology of Japan during the period from March 2011 to December 2014...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031495/risk-factors-for-fear-of-falling-in-elderly-patients-with-severe-knee-osteoarthritis-before-and-one-year-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#17
Theano Tsonga, Maria Michalopoulou, Stylianos Kapetanakis, Eirini Giovannopoulou, Paraskevi Malliou, George Godolias, Panagiotis Soucacos
PURPOSE: To evaluate the regression of fear of falling (FOF) and identify its risk factors in patients with severe knee osteoarthritis before and one year after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: 11 men and 57 women with a mean age of 73 years and a mean body mass index of 30.36 kg/m2 who had severe (grade 3 or 4) knee osteoarthritis and knee pain of ≥1 year were included. Two weeks before and one year after TKA, patients were asked about their FOF status and falls history...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024862/perceived-urban-neighborhood-environment-for-physical-activity-of-older-adults-in-seoul-korea-a-multimethod-qualitative-study
#18
Seunghyun Yoo, Dong Ha Kim
This study assessed the attributes of a perceived urban neighborhood environment for the physical activity (PA) of older adults by applying a qualitative multimethod approach to collect both descriptive and spatial information. Conducted in a northern community of Seoul, Korea, from April 2014 to November 2015, data collection methods included 90 walking tours by researchers, 46 face-to-face, semi-structured interviews combined with qualitative mapping with senior residents aged 65+, 19 guided tours with the interviewees, and 3 focus groups with 12 community service providers...
December 24, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001209/quality-of-life-and-its-association-with-work-the-internet-participation-in-groups-and-physical-activity-among-the-elderly-from-the-epifloripa-survey-florian%C3%A3-polis-santa-catarina-state-brazil
#19
Larissa Pruner Marques, Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider, Eleonora d'Orsi
The study aimed to investigate the association between changes in social relations and physical activity on the quality of life of the elderly in the city of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina state, Brazil. Data on 1,197 elderly from two waves of the population and household survey, EpiFloripa Idoso, were analyzed. Multiple linear regression was performed to estimate association of social change variables and lifestyle on quality of life score (QoL; measured by CASP-16 Brazil, score can range from 0, which represents no QoL to 48, total satisfaction in all domains of CASP)...
December 22, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999844/dietary-variety-and-decline-in-lean-mass-and-physical-performance-in-community-dwelling-older-japanese-a-4-year-follow-up-study
#20
Y Yokoyama, M Nishi, H Murayama, H Amano, Y Taniguchi, Y Nofuji, M Narita, E Matsuo, S Seino, Y Kawano, S Shinkai
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations of dietary variety with changes in lean mass and physical performance during a 4-year period in an elderly Japanese population. DESIGN: Four-year prospective study. SETTING: The Hatoyama Cohort Study and Kusatsu Longitudinal Study, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: 935 community-dwelling Japanese aged 65 years or older. MEASUREMENTS: Dietary variety was assessed using a 10-item food frequency questionnaire...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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