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Physical performance in the elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332856/association-between-serum-gamma-glutamyl-transferase-and-serum-uric-acid-levels-in-chinese-females-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Zhao Ya, Liu Fei, Zeng Yue, Liu Dan, Lin Neng-Bo, Luo Yi, Miao Ying, Wan Qin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels and serum uric acid levels in middle-aged and elderly Chinese females. METHODS: A cross-sectional population survey was performed in Luzhou, China (2014). Questionnaires, physical examinations and biochemical tests were conducted. Finally, we included 2486 females who were > 40 years old as participants. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to estimate the association of serum acid levels and other variables...
March 23, 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331906/associations-between-sarcopenia-and-degenerative-lumbar-scoliosis-in-older-women
#2
Yawara Eguchi, Munetaka Suzuki, Hajime Yamanaka, Hiroshi Tamai, Tatsuya Kobayashi, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Miyako Suzuki, Kazuhide Inage, Kazuki Fujimoto, Hirohito Kanamoto, Koki Abe, Yasuchika Aoki, Tomoaki Toyone, Tomoyuki Ozawa, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Age-related sarcopenia can cause various forms of physical disabilities. We investigated how sarcopenia affects degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS) and lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS). METHODS: Subjects comprised 40 elderly women (mean age 74 years) with spinal disease whose chief complaints were low back pain and lower limb pain. They included 15 cases of DLS (mean 74.8 years) and 25 cases of LSCS (mean age 72.9 years). We performed whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to analyze body composition, including appendicular and trunk skeletal muscle mass index (SMI; lean mass (kg)/height (m)(2)) and bone mineral density (BMD)...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330455/exergames-versus-self-regulated-exercises-with-instruction-leaflets-to-improve-adherence-during-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Peter Oesch, Jan Kool, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Ellen Brox, Gunn Evertsen, Anton Civit, Roger Hilfiker, Stefan Bachmann
BACKGROUND: Improving mobility in elderly persons is a primary goal in geriatric rehabilitation. Self-regulated exercises with instruction leaflets are used to increase training volume but adherence is often low. Exergames may improve adherence. This study therefore compared exergames with self-regulated exercise using instruction leaflets. The primary outcome was adherence. Secondary outcomes were enjoyment, motivation and balance during walking. METHODS: Design: single center parallel group non-blinded randomized controlled trial with central stratified randomization...
March 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329818/elder-fraud-and-financial-exploitation-application-of-routine-activity-theory
#4
Marguerite DeLiema
Background and Objectives: Elder financial exploitation, committed by individuals in positions of trust, and elder fraud, committed by predatory strangers, are two forms of financial victimization that target vulnerable older adults. This study analyzes differences between fraud and financial exploitation victims and tests routine activity theory as a contextual model for victimization. Routine activity theory predicts that criminal opportunities arise when a motivated offender and suitable target meet in the absence of capable guardians...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327836/-health-related-quality-of-life-of-the-elderly-population-in-a-rural-and-urban-area-of-peru
#5
Jean Hernandez-Huayta, Sofía Chavez-Meneses, Nilton Yhuri Carreazo
Objectives.: To assess the health related quality of life in a sample of elderly population in a rural and urban Peruvian area. Materials and methods.: A cross-sectional study was performed in elderly population from four rural districts and one urban from the period October 2014 to January 2016. The association between the area of residence and five sociodemographic variables was assessed with the chi square test. Using the Wilcoxon rank sum test and assessing size effect, WHOQoL-OLD and WHOQoL-BREF domain scores and global score of the former obtained in the survey were measured and compared...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326112/associations-of-upper-arm-and-thigh-circumferences-with-dementia-and-depression-in-korean-elders
#6
Yong-Seong Lee, Sang-Dae Kim, Hee-Ju Kang, Sung-Wan Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Jin-Sang Yoon, Jae-Min Kim
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have reported an association between weight loss and cognitive impairment. Changes in anthropometric measurements, such as arm and thigh circumferences, are associated with body mass changes and physical activity. Our aim was to investigate the association of upper arm and thigh circumferences with dementia and depression in the community-dwelling elderly population. METHODS: In total, 2,498 community residents aged 65 years or over were clinically assessed for dementia using the Korean version of the Community Screening Interview for Dementia...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321187/steps-to-health-in-cognitive-aging-effects-of-physical-activity-on-spatial-attention-and-executive-control-in-the-elderly
#7
Giancarlo Condello, Roberta Forte, Simone Falbo, John B Shea, Angela Di Baldassarre, Laura Capranica, Caterina Pesce
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether physical activity (PA) habits may positively impact performance of the orienting and executive control networks in community-dwelling aging individuals and diabetics, who are at risk of cognitive dysfunction. To this aim, we tested cross-sectionally whether age, ranging from late middle-age to old adulthood, and PA level independently or interactively predict different facets of the attentional performance. Hundred and thirty female and male individuals and 22 adults with type 2 diabetes aged 55-84 years were recruited and their daily PA (steps) was objectively measured by means of armband monitors...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320328/expenditures-of-medicine-use-in-hypertensive-diabetic-elderly-and-physical-activity-and-engagement-in-walking-cross-secctional-analysis-of-sabe-survey
#8
Denise Rodrigues Bueno, Maria de Fátima Nunes Marucci, Luis Alberto Gobbo, Manuela de Almeida-Roediger, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lucia Lebrão
BACKGROUND: The literature shows the inverse association between physical activity level (PAL) and chronic diseases that have a significant burden over health care costs. However, in upper-middle income countries and in elderly population this information are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To describe the annual drug expenditures for the hypertensive and diabetic elderly population in Brazil and to analyze the association with PAL and engagement in walking. METHODS: This cross sectional study is part of SABE Survey and comprised 806 hypertensive and/or diabetic elderly (≥60 years old)...
March 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316011/changes-in-pro-inflammatory-markers-and-leucine-concentrations-in-response-to-nordic-walking-training-combined-with-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-elderly-women
#9
A Gmiat, J Mieszkowski, K Prusik, K Prusik, J Kortas, A Kochanowicz, A Radulska, M Lipiński, M Tomczyk, J Jaworska, J Antosiewicz, E Ziemann
Mechanisms underpinning age-related decreases in muscle strength and muscle mass relate to chronic inflammation. Physical activity induces an anti-inflammatory effect, but it is modulated by additional factors. We hypothesized that vitamin D, which has also anti-inflammatory activity will modify adaptation to exercise and reduce inflammation in elderly women. Twenty-seven women aged 67 ± 8 years were included and divided into groups with baseline vitamin D concentration more than 20 ng mL(-1) (MVD) and less than 20 ng mL(-1) (LVD)...
March 18, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315394/physical-activity-and-dietary-habits-related-to-cardiovascular-risk-in-independent-community-living-older-women
#10
A B Fraile-Bermúdez, M Kortajarena, I Zarrazquin, A Irazusta, A Fernandez-Atutxa, F Ruiz-Litago, J J Yanguas, J Gil, J Irazusta
A side effect of increased life expectancy is a surge in sequelae of diseases and injuries, which in turn increase the duration of life with disability among the elderly. The aim of this study was to ascertain the physical activity and nutritional parameters that better predict cardiovascular risk in a cohort of older women. A cross-sectional study was designed including 65 women able to independently perform basic activities of daily life. Data collection included anthropometric measurement, blood pressure measurement, blood analytics, objectively measurement of physical activity, and dietary assessment...
March 14, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303397/association-of-the-baltic-sea-and-mediterranean-diets-with-indices-of-sarcopenia-in-elderly-women-osptre-fps-study
#11
Masoud Isanejad, Joonas Sirola, Jaakko Mursu, Toni Rikkonen, Heikki Kröger, Marjo Tuppurainen, Arja T Erkkilä
PURPOSE: To examine whether higher adherence to Baltic Sea diet (BSD) and Mediterranean diet (MED) have beneficial association with sarcopenia indices in elderly women. METHODS: In total 554 women, aged 65-72 years belonging to OSTPRE-FPS study answered a questionnaire on lifestyle factors and 3-day food record at baseline in 2002. Food consumptions and nutrient intakes were calculated. Nine components were selected to calculate BSD score. MED score was calculated using eight components...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296815/anterior-trunk-mobility-does-not-predict-disability-in-elderly-women-with-acute-low-back-pain-brazilian-back-complaints-in-the-elders-bace-brazil-study-results
#12
Diogo Carvalho Felicio, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Juliano Bergamaschine Mata Diz, Barbara Zille de Queiroz, Juscelio Pereira da Silva, Amanda Aparecida Oliveira Leopoldino, Leani Souza Maximo Pereira
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, ancillary study of an international multicenter epidemiological study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of the anterior trunk mobility with self-report and physical performance measures in elderly women with acute low back pain (LBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: LBP is one of the most prevalent pain complaints in the elderly population. It is postulated that the increased range of motion (ROM) of limited joints of the trunk may improve LBP and functionality of patients...
March 14, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293486/sacral-insufficiency-fractures-recognition-and-treatment-in-patients-with-concurrent-lumbar-vertebral-compression-fractures
#13
Jesse Hatgis, Michelle Granville, Robert E Jacobson, Aldo Berti
INTRODUCTION: In reviewing a larger group of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs), we found that the overall incidence of sacral insufficiency fractures (SIFs) is higher than commonly reported values. This is especially seen in patients with previous or concurrent lumbar VCFs and also in a subgroup that had lumbar stenosis or hip arthroplasty. The altered biomechanics due to associated lumbar stenosis or hip arthroplasty lead to increased mechanical stress on already weakened and deficient sacral alae, which are more vulnerable to osteoporotic weakening than other parts of the sacrum...
February 2, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291022/effects-of-descending-stair-walking-on-health-and-fitness-of-elderly-obese-women
#14
Trevor C Chen, Chung-Chan Hsieh, Kuo-Wei Tseng, Chih-Chiao Ho, Kazunori Nosaka
PURPOSE: Eccentric exercise training produces positive fitness and health outcomes, but whether this is also the case for descending stair walking (DSW) is unknown. This study investigated the hypothesis that DSW would improve insulin sensitivity, lipid profiles and physical fitness better than ascending stair walking (ASW). METHODS: Elderly (≥60 y) obese women were placed to either DSW or ASW group (n=15/group). An elevator was used to eliminate ascending stairs for DSW, and descending stairs for ASW...
March 13, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288956/home-based-intervention-program-to-reduce-food-insecurity-in-elderly-populations-using-a-tv-app-study-protocol-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-come-senior
#15
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
BACKGROUND: The limited or uncertain access to adequate food in elderly people includes not only economic restrictions but also inability of food utilization due to functional or cognitive impairment, health problems, and illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the protocol of the randomized controlled trial Saúde.Come Senior, an educational and motivational television (TV)-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and decrease food insecurity in elderly people...
March 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285816/survival-disabilities-in-activities-of-daily-living-and-physical-and-cognitive-functioning-among-the-oldest-old-in-china-a-cohort-study
#16
Yi Zeng, Qiushi Feng, Therese Hesketh, Kaare Christensen, James W Vaupel
BACKGROUND: The oldest-old (those aged ≥80 years) are the most rapidly growing age group globally, and are most in need of health care and assistance. We aimed to assess changes in mortality, disability in activities of daily living, and physical and cognitive functioning among oldest-old individuals between 1998 and 2008. METHODS: We used data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study. Three pairs of cohorts aged 80-89 years, 90-99 years, and 100-105 years (in total, 19 528 oldest-old participants) were examined; the two cohorts in each pair were born 10 years apart, with the same age at the time of the assessment in the 1998 and 2008 surveys...
March 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285311/postural-transitions-during-activities-of-daily-living-could-identify-frailty-status-application-of-wearable-technology-to-identify-frailty-during-unsupervised-condition
#17
Saman Parvaneh, Jane Mohler, Nima Toosizadeh, Gurtej Singh Grewal, Bijan Najafi
BACKGROUND: Impairment of physical function is a major indicator of frailty. Functional performance tests have been shown to be useful for identification of frailty in older adults. However, these tests are often not translatable into unsupervised and remote monitoring of frailty status at home and/or community settings. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we explored daily postural transition quantified using a chest-worn wearable technology to identify frailty in community-dwelling older adults...
March 11, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281730/cardiovascular-risk-reduction-in-sedentary-postmenopausal-women-during-organized-physical-activity
#18
Krzysztof Mazurek, Piotr Żmijewski, Ewa Kozdroń, Anna Fojt, Anna Czajkowska, Piotr Szczypiorski, Tomasz Mazurek
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CV) diseases are the major cause of death in elderly women. Aerobic training (AT) improves component CV risk factors. Long-time higher-intensity group-based and home-based exercise training has been determined to improve exercise performance. However it is not clear if short-time group-based or home-based training with educational program permanently improves cardiometabolic parameters in elderly women. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of organized physical activity programs dedicated to elderly, sedentary women...
March 10, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276089/life-space-mobility-and-cognitive-decline-among-mexican-americans-aged-75-years-and-older
#19
Seraina Silberschmidt, Amit Kumar, Mukaila M Raji, Kyriakos Markides, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Soham Al Snih
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between life-space mobility and cognitive decline over a five-year period among older Mexican Americans. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly survey conducted in the southwestern of United States (Texas, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and California). PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred thirty-two Mexican Americans aged 75 and older with normal or high cognitive function at baseline...
March 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272705/the-most-common-factors-hindering-the-independent-functioning-of-the-elderly-at-home-by-age-and-sex
#20
D Talarska, S Kropińska, M Strugała, M Szewczyczak, S Tobis, K Wieczorowska-Tobis
OBJECTIVE: Changes occurring with increased age as well progressive illnesses can negatively affect the independent functioning of older people. The goal of this study was to identify the most common problems that make independent life at home more difficult for the elderly and to try and present their relation with age and gender. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 506 persons over 60 years of age took part in the study. They were residents of Poznań, Poland and surrounding areas...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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