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Physical performance in the elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667159/physical-activity-throughout-the-adult-life-span-and-domain-specific-cognitive-function-in-old-age-a-systematic-review-of-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-data
#1
REVIEW
Tobias Engeroff, Tobias Ingmann, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature suggests that physical activity might alleviate the age-related neurodegeneration and decline of cognitive function. However, most of this evidence is based on data investigating the association of exercise interventions or current physical activity behavior with cognitive function in elderly subjects. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and hypothesize that physical activity during the adult life span is connected with maintained domain-specific cognitive functions during late adulthood defined as age 60+ years...
April 17, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663090/human-activity-recognition-from-body-sensor-data-using-deep-learning
#2
Mohammad Mehedi Hassan, Shamsul Huda, Md Zia Uddin, Ahmad Almogren, Majed Alrubaian
In recent years, human activity recognition from body sensor data or wearable sensor data has become a considerable research attention from academia and health industry. This research can be useful for various e-health applications such as monitoring elderly and physical impaired people at Smart home to improve their rehabilitation processes. However, it is not easy to accurately and automatically recognize physical human activity through wearable sensors due to the complexity and variety of body activities...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652197/relationship-between-locomotive-syndrome-and-body-composition-among-community-dwelling-middle-age-and-elderly-individuals-in-japan-the-yakumo-study
#3
Satoshi Tanaka, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Tetsuro Hida, Taisuke Seki, Koji Suzuki, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Masayoshi Morozumi, Masaaki Machino, Kyotaro Ota, Naoki Ishiguro, Yukiharu Hasegawa, Shiro Imagama
OBJECTIVES: Locomotive syndrome (LS) is a condition requiring nursing care for musculoskeletal disorders. Our aim was to evaluate the correlation between body composition, measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), and LS, measured using the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Functional Scale (GLFS-25). METHODS: We enrolled 286 individuals who were undergoing regular health follow-up. All individuals completed the GLFS-25, body composition analysis by BIA, and five physical performance tests related to LS: Timed up-and-go test, 10-m gait time, maximum stride length, back strength, and grip strength...
April 13, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643603/physical-performance-of-elderly-adults-in-association-with-thigh-tissue-composition-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ibrahim Altubasi
[Purpose] Literature has revealed age-related changes in body regional tissues in the form of reduced muscle size and increased adipose tissue. There is also a decline in the performance of physical function with aging. The aim of this study is to examine the partial and part correlations between physical performance and thigh tissue composition among elderly adults. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-two elderly participants enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Mid-thigh CT images were used to determine the cross-sectional area of the muscular and adipose tissues...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643594/the-effect-of-a-vr-exercise-program-on-falls-and-depression-in-the-elderly-with-mild-depression-in-the-local-community
#5
Jong-Eun Yang, Tac-Young Lee, Jin-Kyung Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of a VR exercise program on falls and depression in the elderly with mild depression who reside in the local community. [Subjects and Methods] This study was performed by targeting 15 elderly subjects with mild depression who resided in the local community. The targeted subjects voluntarily selected 3 VR exercise programs (each lasting 10 minutes) among 4 activities, and a resting time of 5 minutes was given for an interval after each activity. The VR exercise program was performed for total 12 weeks (36 times), 3 times a week, 45 minutes per session...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643004/association-between-mediterranean-diet-and-hand-grip-strength-in-older-adult-women
#6
Luigi Barrea, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Carolina Di Somma, Giovanni Tramontano, Vincenzo De Luca, Maddalena Illario, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mediterranean Diet (MD) is an eating pattern associated with multiple healthy benefits, including the conservation of skeletal muscle. Frailty is a major geriatric syndrome characterized by low muscle strength. The Hand Grip Strength (HGS) is the most frequently used indicator of muscle functional capacity for clinical purposes. The association between the adherence to the MD and HGS in elderly has not yet fully investigated. The goal of this study was to examine the association between the adherence to the MD and HGS in a not hospitalized elderly who participated in the project PERsonalised ict Supported Services for Independent Living and Active Ageing (PERSSILAA)...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627040/insulin-resistance-and-cognitive-test-performance-in-elderly-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#7
Ayesha Z Sherzai, Magda Shaheen, Jeffrey J Yu, Konrad Talbot, Dean Sherzai
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between homeostatic model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and cognitive test performance among population≥60years in a national database. HYPOTHESIS: Higher insulin resistance is associated with lower cognitive test performance score in the population≥60years. PARTICIPANTS: We analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2000 and 2001-2002. MEASUREMENTS: Cognitive test performance was measured by the Digit Symbol Substitution (DSS) exercise score...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624960/associated-factors-with-sarcopenia-among-mexican-elderly-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-survey
#8
(no author information available yet)
Background: Sarcopenia involves the loss of skeletal muscle mass and age-related functionality; it diminishes physical independence, health and quality of life. In 2016 it was added to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). Information about the frequency of sarcopenia among Mexican older adults is scarce. The objective was to analyze associated factors with sarcopenia in Mexican older adults through the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey data. Methods: Cross-sectional study which included subjects of 60 years of age or more with simultaneous information on health and anthropometry questionnaires from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey...
2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624588/factors-determining-the-social-participation-of-older-adults-a-comparison-between-japan-and-korea-using-eass-2012
#9
Keiko Katagiri, Ju-Hyun Kim
AIMS: Japan and Korea are the world's most aged and most rapidly aging nations. They both have low fertility rates, thereby intensifying the importance of social structures to aid a large, dependent population of older adults. Common strategies involve improving their social participation, which enhances their physical and mental health, so they are supporting society rather than being supported. Since the social participation rates in both countries are not as high as those of Western countries, it is critical to shed light on the factors related to social participation of the elderly...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623702/testosterone-replacement-muscle-strength-and-physical-function
#10
REVIEW
You Seon Nam, Gyeongsil Lee, Jae Moon Yun, Belong Cho
Muscle strength and physical function decrease in older men, as do testosterone levels. Nonetheless, the effects of testosterone replacement therapy on muscle strength and physical function remain inconclusive and equivocal. We conducted a rapid systematic review, the results of which showed that testosterone replacement does not affect muscle strength (measured by hand grip strength and leg muscle strength), although it may increase physical function (measured by the 6-minute walk test, Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly score, and other physical performance tests)...
March 22, 2018: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622029/admission-rates-in-a-general-practitioner-based-versus-a-hospital-specialist-based-hospital-at-home-model-access-an-open-labelled-randomised-clinical-trial-of-effectiveness
#11
Christian Backer Mogensen, Ejnar Skytte Ankersen, Mats J Lindberg, Stig L Hansen, Jørgen Solgaard, Pia Therkildsen, Helene Skjøt-Arkil
BACKGROUND: Hospital at home (HaH) is an alternative to acute admission for elderly patients. It is unclear if should be cared for a primarily by a hospital intern specialist or by the patient's own general practitioner (GP). The study assessed whether a GP based model was more effective than a hospital specialist based model at reducing number of hospital admissions without affecting the patient's recovery or number of deaths. METHODS: Pragmatic, randomised, open-labelled multicentre parallel group trial with two arms in four municipalities, four emergency departments and 150 GPs in Southern Denmark, including + 65 years old patients with an acute medical condition that required acute hospital in-patient care...
April 5, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620558/effect-of-low-intensity-versus-high-intensity-resistance-training-on-the-functioning-of-the-institutionalized-frail-elderly
#12
Ulku K Sahin, Nuray Kirdi, Ergun Bozoglu, Aydin Meric, Galip Buyukturan, Ahmet Ozturk, Huseyin Doruk
Frailty has emerged as an important risk factor for disability. Age-related declines in physical and physiological function lead to increased risk of loss of independence and poor quality of life. Recent evidence has shown the effectiveness of physical exercise programmes in preventing or reversing frailty. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the functioning of frail elderly individuals after undergoing resistance training for 3 days a week for 8 weeks. The effectiveness of exercise training was investigated in 48 frail elderly individuals who were randomly assigned to the following intervention groups: high-intensity (HI; n=16; age: 69-96 years) or low-intensity (LI; n=16; age: 77-93 years) strength training groups or a control group (n=16; age: 76-93 years) with no specific exercise programme...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604401/limb-muscle-quality-and-quantity-in-elderly-adults-with-dynapenia-but-not-sarcopenia-an-ultrasound-imaging-study
#13
Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-Ting Wu, Kuo-Chin Huang, Wei Han Jan, Der-Sheng Han
BACKGROUND: Dynapenia is prevalent in people with reduced skeletal muscle mass, i.e. sarcopenia, but a certain population develops muscle strength loss despite having normal skeletal muscle volume. To date, studies investigating muscle quality and quantity in groups with dynapenia but not sarcopenia are limited. METHODS: Echogenicity and thickness of the biceps brachii, triceps brachii, rectus femoris, and medial gastrocnemius muscles were measured using high-resolution ultrasonography in 140 community-dwelling elderly adults...
March 28, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600837/the-effects-of-functional-and-traditional-strength-training-on-different-parameters-of-strength-elderly-women-a-trial-randomized-and-controlled
#14
José C Aragão-Santos, Antônio G de Resende-Neto, Albernon Costa Nogueira, M Lourdes Feitosa-Neta, Leandro H Albuquerque Brandão, Leury M da Silva Chaves, Marzo E da Silva-Grigoletto
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise is the main strategy for improving physical fitness in elderly population. However, it is not clear which training method lead to greater adaptations on maximal dynamic strength, muscle power, muscle endurance and isometric strength in this population. Thus, our aim was to compare the effects of functional and traditional training on these variables in the elderly. METHODS: This study lasted twelve weeks, where forty-four elderly women were randomly divided into three groups: Functional (FT; n = 18); Traditional (TT; n = 15); and Control (CG; n = 11)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596767/challenges-of-ageing-in-portugal-data-from-the-epidoc-cohort
#15
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Rute Dinis Sousa, Sara S Dias, Maria José Santos, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Simões Coelho, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
INTRODUCTION: Portuguese adults have a long lifespan, but it is unclear whether they live a healthy life in their final years. We aimed to determine the prevalence of multimorbidity and characterize lifestyle and other health outcomes among older Portuguese adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional evaluation of 2393 adults, aged 65 and older, during the second wave of follow-up of the EpiDoC cohort, a population-based study involving long-term follow-up of a representative sample of the Portuguese population...
February 28, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593907/effects-of-a-12-week-exercise-training-program-on-physical-function-in-institutionalized-frail-elderly
#16
Cristiane Batisti Ferreira, Pâmela Dos Santos Teixeira, Geiane Alves Dos Santos, Athila Teles Dantas Maya, Paula Americano do Brasil, Vinícius Carolino Souza, Cláudio Córdova, Aparecido Pimentel Ferreira, Ricardo Moreno Lima, Otávio de Toledo Nóbrega
With the increase in life expectancy, the Brazilian elderly population has risen considerably. However, longevity is usually accompanied by problems such as the loss of functional capacity, cognitive decline, frailty syndrome, and deterioration in anthropometric parameters, particularly among those living in long-term care facilities. This randomized controlled trial aimed to verify the effects of exercise training on biochemical, inflammatory, and anthropometric indices and functional performance in institutionalized frail elderly...
2018: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593384/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-physical-activity-scale-for-the-elderly-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Ayidh M Alqarni, Vishal Vennu, Sulaiman A Alshammari, Saad M Bindawas
Purpose: Older adults are the fastest growing population group worldwide. Regular physical activity (PA) is reported to reduce the risk of health conditions and improve personal well-being. Few validated instruments can be used to measure the PA levels among older adults in Saudi Arabia. The Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) is used worldwide for evaluating the PA levels of the elderly in epidemiological studies. However, this scale has not been translated into Arabic. This study aimed to cross-culturally adapt the PASE into Arabic language and evaluate its reliability and validity among community-dwelling older adults in Saudi Arabia...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590199/the-urine-albumin-creatinine-ratio-is-a-predictor-for-incident-long-term-care-in-a-general-population
#18
Shuko Takahashi, Fumitaka Tanaka, Yuki Yonekura, Kozo Tanno, Masaki Ohsawa, Kiyomi Sakata, Makoto Koshiyama, Akira Okayama, Motoyuki Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Several types of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) impair the physical and mental status. The purpose of this study was to assess the predictive ability of several cardiovascular biomarkers for identifying the incidence of disability as future recipients of public long-term care (LTC) service. METHODS: The subjects of this study were community-dwelling elderly individuals ≥ 65 years of age without a history of CVD (n = 5,755; mean age, 71 years). The endpoint of this study was official certification as a recipient of LTC...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583137/-organized-physical-activity-in-the-elderly-a-tool-to-improve-physical-fitness-during-ageing
#19
Alba Gómez-Cabello, Sara Vila-Maldonado, Raquel Pedrero-Chamizo, José Gerardo Villa-Vicente, Narcis Gusi, Luis Espino, Marcela González-Gross, José Antonio Casajús, Ignacio Ara
OBJECTIVE: An adequate level of fitness is critical to achieving healthy ageing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of organized physical activity (PA) and the number of hours of practice on the fitness levels of the elderly. METHODS: A total of 3104 people over 65 years old from Spain, belonging to the EXERNET Multicenter Project (722 men and 2382 women, mean age: 72.1 ± 5.3 years) participated in the study. Fitness was evaluated by 8 specific tests for this population...
March 27, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582895/-feeling-more-self-confident-cheerful-and-safe-experiences-from-a-health-promoting-intervention-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-qualitative-study
#20
Å von Berens, A Koochek, M Nydahl, R A Fielding, T Gustafsson, D R Kirn, T Cederholm, M Södergren
OBJECTIVES: Studies show that regular exercise in combination with nutritional support can be effective in managing sarcopenia, which is age-related involuntary loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength. Qualitative investigations of participants' experiences from interventions in this domain are scarce. In this study, we explored older persons' experiences from an intervention designed to prevent sarcopenia, with the aim of capturing the participants' thoughts and opinions. DESIGN: A qualitative study embedded in the multicenter randomized clinical trial The Vitality and Vigor in the Elderly study, VIVE2...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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