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Physical performance in the elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534281/elder-mistreatment-perpetrators-with-substance-abuse-and-or-mental-health-conditions-results-from-the-national-elder-mistreatment-study
#1
Travis Labrum, Phyllis L Solomon
A large portion of persons who commit elder mistreatment have long been known to have indicators of substance abuse and/or mental health conditions (SAMHC). However, few studies have specifically examined elder mistreatment by persons with SAMHC, preventing the development of specialized intervention strategies. Using results from the National Elder Mistreatment Study, the current article examines victim, perpetrator, and interaction characteristics between cases of emotional and physical elder mistreatment in which the perpetrator is reported to have vs...
May 23, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531243/increased-postural-sway-during-quiet-stance-as-a-risk-factor-for-prospective-falls-in-community-dwelling-elderly-individuals
#2
Jonas Johansson, Anna Nordström, Yngve Gustafson, Göran Westling, Peter Nordström
Objective: fall-related injuries constitute major health risks in older individuals, and these risks are projected to increase in parallel with increasing human longevity. Impaired postural stability is a potential risk factor related to falls, although the evidence is inconclusive, partly due to the lack of prospective studies. This study aimed to investigate how objective measures of postural sway predict incident falls. Design, setting and participants: this prospectively observational study included 1,877 community-dwelling individuals aged 70 years who participated in the Healthy Ageing Initiative between June 2012 and December 2015...
May 22, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526382/quality-of-diet-and-level-of-physical-performance-related-to-inflammatory-markers-in-community-dwelling-frail-elderly-people
#3
Do-Yeon Kim, Chang-O Kim, Hyunjung Lim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether diet quality and functional status were associated with serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in frail, elderly, community-dwelling individuals. METHODS: Seventy-eight frail, elderly individuals (age ≥65 y, usual gait speed <0.6 m/s and Mini Nutritional Assessment <24) participated in this cross-sectional study from the National Home Healthcare Services in Gangbuk-gu, Seoul, South Korea...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525988/positive-and-negative-influences-of-social-participation-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-dwelling-elderly-aged-65-70%C3%A2-years-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#4
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: Although numerous investigations have indicated that social participation (SP) has positive effects on the health of older adults, there have been few studies on its negative health consequences. We examined the cross-sectional associations of the type, frequency, and autonomy for SP with physical and mental health. METHODS: The analytical subjects were 5126 males and 7006 females who were functionally independent, born between 1945 and 1949, and covered by A City's medical insurance system...
May 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523252/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-in-the-world-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-general-population-studies
#5
REVIEW
Gita Shafiee, Abbasali Keshtkar, Akbar Soltani, Zeinab Ahadi, Bagher Larijani, Ramin Heshmat
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia, an age-related decline in muscle mass and function, is one of the most important health problems in elderly with a high rate of adverse outcomes. However, several studies have investigated the prevalence of sarcopenia in the world, the results have been inconsistent. The current systematic review and meta- analysis study was conducted to estimate the overall prevalence of sarcopenia in both genders in different regions of the world. METHODS: Electronic databases, including MEDLINE (via PubMed), SCOPUS and Web of Science were searched between January 2009 and December 2016...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508810/timed-up-and-go-device-for-unsupervised-functional-assessment-of-elderly-patients
#6
Andreas Ziegl, Robert Modre-Osprian, Alberto Sánchez, Markus Falgenhauer, Peter Kastner, Günter Schreier
Functional evaluation of elderly patients is one key component in a comprehensive Geriatric Assessment. The increased workload and high costs associated to close and continuous monitoring in clinical settings may be counterbalanced by the application of ICT-supported remote follow-up. Although clinical parameters and questionnaires can be supported with smartphones and smart gadgets, physical performance trials pose a challenge for community-based approaches with difficulties arising from setting up trials, the lack of guidance and supervision...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503542/role-of-physical-activity-in-mortality-prediction-in-elderly-hospice-patients
#7
Hye-Sang Park, Kyu-Tae Lee, Tae-Woon Kim
The prediction of life-expectancy in terminally ill patients is important both for medical and social reasons but it is widely recognized as being inaccurate. The aim of this study was to investigate the mortality predictors and indicators of life extension among elderly patients in a hospice service center. In order to determine the mortality predictors, we investigated the relationship between patients' cognitive status using the Korean-Mini Mental State Examination & Global Deterioration Scale (K-MMSE & GDS), the patient's physical function using the instrumental Activities of Daily Living (ADL) score, and the patient's blood component values...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503457/the-association-between-fall-history-and-physical-performance-tests-in-the-community-dwelling-elderly-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#8
Jin Chul Kim, Jinmann Chon, Hee Sang Kim, Jong Ha Lee, Seung Don Yoo, Dong Hwan Kim, Seung Ah Lee, Yoo Jin Han, Hyun Seok Lee, Bae Youl Lee, Yun Soo Soh, Chang Won Won
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between baseline characteristics, three physical performance tests and fall history in a sample of the elderly from Korean population. METHODS: A total of 307 participants (mean age, 76.70±4.85 years) were categorized into one of two groups, i.e., fallers and non-fallers. Fifty-two participants who had reported falling unexpectedly at least once in the previous 12 months were assigned to the fallers group. Physical performance tests included Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go test...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503331/exercise-modality-is-differentially-associated-with-neurocognition-in-older-adults
#9
Yu-Kai Chang, I-Hua Chu, Jen-Hao Liu, Chih-Han Wu, Chien-Heng Chu, Kao-Teng Yang, Ai-Guo Chen
This study explored the effects of exercise modality and type of fitness index on cognitive function in the older adults as assessed via behavioral and neuroelectrical approaches. Sixty older adults were assigned to an aerobic exercise, a coordination exercise, or a control group based on their previous exercise experience. The participants completed congruent and incongruent trials of a modified Stroop Test, during which, event-related potentials were recorded. The participants also completed multiple physical tests that assessed health- and skill-related fitness...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502778/the-joint-association-of-insulin-sensitivity-and-physical-activity-on-the-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-performance-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#10
Chuan-Wei Yang, Chia-Ing Li, Tsai-Chung Li, Chiu-Shong Liu, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Wen-Yuan Lin, Cheng-Chieh Lin
BACKGROUND: Many well-known risk factors that may lead to sarcopenia are already discovered. However, their combined effects on sarcopenia components remain unclear. This study aims to explore the joint association of physical activity and insulin sensitivity on skeletal muscle mass and performance of Taiwanese elder people from a metropolitan community. METHODS: The study sample involved 844 elders who were examined through dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and who underwent tests for fasting blood glucose and serum insulin level...
May 10, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496545/c-reactive-protein-and-frailty-in-the-elderly-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Dimitrios Velissaris, Nikolaos Pantzaris, Ioanna Koniari, Nikolaos Koutsogiannis, Vasilios Karamouzos, Ioanna Kotroni, Anastasia Skroumpelou, John Ellul
Chronic inflammation is a well-established background process in many age-related diseases. Many recent studies investigate the use of various inflammatory biomarkers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6, and interleukin-1 as predictors of physical and cognitive performance among elders. The phenotype of frailty has also been associated with underlying inflammatory mechanisms. The aim of this article was to review the literature referring to the correlation of CRP serum levels and frailty in older individuals...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494820/positive-and-negative-consequences-of-making-coffee-among-breakfast-related-irrelevant-objects-evidence-from-mci-dementia-and-healthy-ageing
#12
María Rodríguez-Bailón, Tamara García-Morán, Nuria Montoro-Membila, Estrella Ródenas-García, Marisa Arnedo Montoro, María Jesús Funes Molina
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have reported impairments in activities of daily living (ADL) performance in the presence of irrelevant but physically/functionally related objects in dementia patients. The aim of the present study was to increase our knowledge about the impact of the presence of contextually related non-target objects on ADL execution in patients with multi-domain mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. METHODS: We compared ADL execution in patients with MCI, dementia, and healthy elderly participants under two experimental conditions: One in which the target objects were embedded with contextually related non-target items that constituted the object set necessary to complete two additional (but unrequired) ADL tasks related to the target task, and a second, control condition where target objects were surrounded by isolated objects (they never constituted a whole set needed to complete an alternative ADL task)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493406/beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate-supplementation-and-skeletal-muscle-in-healthy-and-muscle-wasting-conditions
#13
REVIEW
Milan Holeček
Beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) is a metabolite of the essential amino acid leucine that has been reported to have anabolic effects on protein metabolism. The aims of this article were to summarize the results of studies of the effects of HMB on skeletal muscle and to examine the evidence for the rationale to use HMB as a nutritional supplement to exert beneficial effects on muscle mass and function in various conditions of health and disease. The data presented here indicate that the beneficial effects of HMB have been well characterized in strength-power and endurance exercise...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492999/physical-activity-improves-cognition-possible-explanations
#14
REVIEW
Blanka Koščak Tivadar
Good cognitive abilities (CA) enable autonomy, improve social inclusion and act preventively. Regular physical activity (PA) reduces the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) and, at the same time, it reduces the decline of CA and stimulates neurogenesis. So PA in connection with cognitive training, nutrition and social interaction has a positive effect on general CA and the central nervous system, the central executor, memory and attention, and reduces the likelihood of developing dementia. Our objective was to examine which sort and intensity of PA is preferred...
May 10, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489319/low-physical-activity-as-a-key-differentiating-factor-in-the-potential-high-risk-profile-for-depressive-symptoms-in-older-adults
#15
Sofie Holmquist, Sabina Mattsson, Ingrid Schele, Peter Nordström, Anna Nordström
BACKGROUND: The identification of potential high-risk groups for depression is of importance. The purpose of the present study was to identify high-risk profiles for depressive symptoms in older individuals, with a focus on functional performance. METHODS: The population-based Healthy Ageing Initiative included 2,084 community-dwelling individuals (49% women) aged 70. Explorative cluster analysis was used to group participants according to functional performance level, using measures of basic mobility skills, gait variability, and grip strength...
May 10, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488827/water-versus-land-based-exercises-as-physical-training-programs-in-elderly
#16
Elvira Padua, Francesca Campoli, Vincenzo Manzi, Michele Panzarino, Mauro Lombardo, Giovanni Melchiorri, Virginia Tancredi, Pietro Lebone, Francesco Palazzo, Giuseppe Annino
BACKGROUND: The study aims to analyze and quantify the improvements of some physical skills in a group of subjects over 65 years old who practice regular activities in the gym and in a microgravity environment. METHODS: 132 subjects (68.9 ± 5.5 yrs, 72.7 ± 14.4 kg, 155.3 ± 9.2, 30.6 ± 5 kg/m2) who perform regular physical activity adapted and controlled for the elderly twice a week (50' per session) for a period of 8 months. The tests evaluate flexibility, abdominal and leg strength and balance...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483100/caregiver-burden-in-alzheimer-type-dementia-and-psychosis-a-comparative-study-from-india
#17
P Sinha, N G Desai, O Prakash, S Kushwaha, C B Tripathi
BACKGROUND: Caregiver burden in dementia is an important area of research. Providing care for a relative can be a potent source of chronic stress and can have deleterious consequences for both the physical and emotional health of caregivers. This study aims to evaluate the burden of care in caregivers of patients with Alzheimer-type dementia and compare it with elderly psychosis; and to also study the factors that influence burden of care in Alzheimer's dementia. METHODS: Thirty-two caregiver-patient dyads of Alzheimer-type dementia were compared with thirty-two caregiver-patient dyads of psychosis...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481172/clinical-decision-making-to-address-poor-outcomes-in-persistent-horizontal-semicircular-canal-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-case-study
#18
Brian M Moore
BACKGROUND: Horizontal semicircular canal BPPV (HSC-BPPV) can occur in 10-30% of BPPV cases. Lower success rates are reported for HSC-BPPV. The apogeotropic form of HSC-BPPV is more difficult to treat, as 5-40% of cases are described to be refractory to repositioning maneuvers. PURPOSE: To describe the assessment and treatment of a patient presenting with HSC-BPPV and to demonstrate the potential use of Forced-Prolonged Positioning (FPP) as a home exercise program (HEP) for persistent HSC-BPPV in an elderly patient...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479556/wearable-and-mobile-technology-for-safe-and-active-living
#19
Mette Røhne, Elin Sundby Boysen, Dag Ausen
The study explores how mobile safety alarms can be utilized for ambient assisted living (AAL), and provides elderly safety, autonomy, independence and mobility. The aim is to generate knowledge on usage, usability and technical requirements to harvest the potential benefits of using wearable and mobile technologies in care for safe and active living. The study is based on real life pilots in three Norwegian municipalities with 71 users, their caregivers and relatives. Pilot users wore the mobile safety alarm while performing their daily activities - indoor and outdoor...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475643/a-combination-of-routine-blood-analytes-predicts-fitness-decrement-in-elderly-endurance-athletes
#20
Helmuth Haslacher, Franz Ratzinger, Thomas Perkmann, Delgerdalai Batmyagmar, Sonja Nistler, Thomas M Scherzer, Elisabeth Ponocny-Seliger, Alexander Pilger, Marlene Gerner, Vanessa Scheichenberger, Michael Kundi, Georg Endler, Oswald F Wagner, Robert Winker
Endurance sports are enjoying greater popularity, particularly among new target groups such as the elderly. Predictors of future physical capacities providing a basis for training adaptations are in high demand. We therefore aimed to estimate the future physical performance of elderly marathoners (runners/bicyclists) using a set of easily accessible standard laboratory parameters. To this end, 47 elderly marathon athletes underwent physical examinations including bicycle ergometry and a blood draw at baseline and after a three-year follow-up period...
2017: PloS One
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