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Mithunah Krishnamoorthy, Fathima Hifza Mohamed Buhari, Tiantian Zhao, Patrick M Brauer, Kyle Burrows, Eric Yixiao Cao, Vincent Moxley-Paquette, Arthur Mortha, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker, Bebhinn Treanor
The transient receptor potential (TRP) family is a large family of widely expressed ion channels that regulate the intracellular concentration of ions and metals and respond to various chemical and physical stimuli. TRP subfamily M member 7 (TRPM7) is unusual in that it contains both an ion channel and a kinase domain. TRPM7 is a divalent cation channel with preference for Ca2+ and Mg2+ It is required for the survival of DT40 cells, a B cell line; however, deletion of TRPM7 in T cells does not impair their development...
June 5, 2018: Science Signaling
Payam Zarin, Tracy S H In, Edward L Y Chen, Jastaranpreet Singh, Gladys W Wong, Mahmood Mohtashami, David L Wiest, Michele K Anderson, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker
γδ T-cells perform a wide range of tissue and disease specific functions that are dependent on the effector cytokines produced by these cells. However, the aggregate signals required for the development of interferon-γ (IFNγ) and interleukin-17 (IL-17) producing γδ T-cells remain unknown. Here, we define the cues involved in the functional programming of γδ T-cells, by examining the roles of T-cell receptor (TCR), Notch, and cytokine-receptor signaling. KN6 γδTCR-transduced Rag2-/- T-cell progenitors were cultured on stromal cells variably expressing TCR and Notch ligands, supplemented with different cytokines...
May 13, 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
Chung-An M Wu, Theodore L Roth, Yuriy Baglaenko, Dario M Ferri, Patrick Brauer, Juan Carlos Zuniga-Pflucker, Kristina W Rosbe, Joan E Wither, Alexander Marson, Christopher D C Allen
Genome editing in human cells with targeted nucleases now enables diverse experimental and therapeutic genome engineering applications, but extension to primary human B cells remains limited. Here we report a method for targeted genetic engineering in primary human B cells, utilizing electroporation of CRISPR-Cas9 ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) to introduce gene knockout mutations at protein-coding loci with high efficiencies that in some cases exceeded 80%. Further, we demonstrate knock-in editing of targeted nucleotides with efficiency exceeding 10% through co-delivery of oligonucleotide templates for homology directed repair...
June 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Shawn P Fahl, Francis Coffey, Lisa Kain, Payam Zarin, Roland L Dunbrack, Luc Teyton, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker, Dietmar J Kappes, David L Wiest
Unlike αβ-T lineage cells, where the role of ligand in intrathymic selection is well established, the role of ligand in the development of γδ-T cells remains controversial. Here we provide evidence for the role of a bona fide selecting ligand in shaping the γδ-T cell-receptor (TCR) repertoire. Reactivity of the γδ-TCR with the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) Class Ib ligands, H2-T10/22, is critically dependent upon the EGYEL motif in the complementarity determining region 3 (CDR3) of TCRδ. In the absence of H2-T10/22 ligand, the commitment of H2-T10/22 reactive γδ-T cells to the γδ fate is diminished, and the specification of those γδ committed cells to the IFN-γ or interleukin-17 effector fate is altered...
February 20, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Alexander Falkenhagen, Jastaranpreet Singh, Sabah Asad, Danila Leontyev, Stanley Read, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker, Sadhna Joshi
HIV entry inhibitors are highly effective in controlling virus replication. We have developed a lentiviral vector that expresses a secreted entry inhibitor, soluble CD4 (sCD4), which binds to the HIV envelope glycoproteins and inactivates the virus. We have shown that sCD4 was secreted from gene-modified CD4+ T cells, as well as from human umbilical cord blood-derived CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs), and protected unmodified HIV target cells from infection in vitro. To investigate the in vivo application of our approach, we injected gene-modified HSPCs into NOD/SCID/γcnull (NSG) mice...
December 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Tracy S H In, Ashton Trotman-Grant, Shawn Fahl, Edward L Y Chen, Payam Zarin, Amanda J Moore, David L Wiest, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker, Michele K Anderson
IL-17-producing γδ T (γδT17) cells are critical components of the innate immune system. However, the gene networks that control their development are unclear. Here we show that HEB (HeLa E-box binding protein, encoded by Tcf12) is required for the generation of a newly defined subset of fetal-derived CD73- γδT17 cells. HEB is required in immature CD24+ CD73- γδ T cells for the expression of Sox4, Sox13, and Rorc, and these genes are repressed by acute expression of the HEB antagonist Id3. HEB-deficiency also affects mature CD73+ γδ T cells, which are defective in RORγt expression and IL-17 production...
December 8, 2017: Nature Communications
Amanda J Moore, Tracy Sh In, Ashton Trotman-Grant, Kogulan Yoganathan, Bertrand Montpellier, Cynthia J Guidos, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker, Michele K Anderson
Interleukin-7 receptor (IL-7R) signaling is critical for multiple stages of T-cell development, but a role in the establishment of the mature thymic architecture needed for T-cell development and thymocyte selection has not been established. Crosstalk signals between developing thymocytes and thymic epithelial cell (TEC) precursors are critical for their differentiation into cortical TECs (cTECs) and medullary TECs (mTECs). In addition, mTEC-derived factors have been implicated in the recruitment of thymic dendritic cells (DCs) and intrathymic DC development...
November 2017: Immunology and Cell Biology
Yang Li, Patrick M Brauer, Jastaranpreet Singh, Sintia Xhiku, Kogulan Yoganathan, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker, Michele K Anderson
Hematopoietic stem cells arise from mesoderm-derived hemogenic endothelium (HE) during embryogenesis in a process termed endothelial-hematopoietic transition (EHT). To better understand the gene networks that control this process, we investigated the role of the transcription factor HEB (TCF12) by disrupting the TCF12 gene locus in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and inducing them to differentiate toward hematopoietic outcomes. HEB-deficient hESCs retained key features of pluripotency, including expression of SOX2 and SSEA-4 and teratoma formation, while NANOG expression was reduced...
September 12, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
Qiang Shen, Brenda Cohen, Weiyue Zheng, Ramtin Rahbar, Bernard Martin, Kiichi Murakami, Sara Lamorte, Patrycja Thompson, Hal Berman, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker, Pamela S Ohashi, Michael Reedijk
Notch activation, which is associated with basal-like breast cancer (BLBC), normally directs tissue patterning, suggesting that it may shape the tumor microenvironment. Here, we show that Notch in tumor cells regulates the expression of two powerful proinflammatory cytokines, IL1β and CCL2, and the recruitment of tumor-associated macrophages (TAM). Notch also regulates TGFβ-mediated activation of tumor cells by TAMs, closing a Notch-dependent paracrine signaling loop between these two cell types. We use a mouse model in which Notch can be regulated in spontaneous mammary carcinoma to confirm that IL1β and CCL2 production, and macrophage recruitment are Notch-dependent...
November 2017: Cancer Discovery
Nafees Rahman, Patrick M Brauer, Lilian Ho, Tatiana Usenko, Mukul Tewary, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker, Peter W Zandstra
Efforts to recapitulate haematopoiesis, a process guided by spatial and temporal inductive signals, to generate haematopoietic progenitors from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) have focused primarily on exogenous signalling pathway activation or inhibition. Here we show haemogenic niches can be engineered using microfabrication strategies by micropatterning hPSC-derived haemogenic endothelial (HE) cells into spatially-organized, size-controlled colonies. CD34+VECAD+ HE cells were generated with multi-lineage potential in serum-free conditions and cultured as size-specific haemogenic niches that displayed enhanced blood cell induction over non-micropatterned cultures...
May 25, 2017: Nature Communications
Michelle J Smith, Dawn K Reichenbach, Sarah L Parker, Megan J Riddle, Jason Mitchell, Kevin C Osum, Mahmood Mohtashami, Heather E Stefanski, Brian T Fife, Avinash Bhandoola, Kristin A Hogquist, Georg A Holländer, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker, Jakub Tolar, Bruce R Blazar
Infusion of in vitro-derived T cell progenitor (proT) therapy with hematopoietic stem cell transplant aids the recovery of the thymus damaged by total body irradiation. To understand the interaction between proTs and the thymic microenvironment, WT mice were lethally irradiated and given T cell-deficient (Rag1-/-) marrow with WT in vitro-generated proTs, limiting mature T cell development to infused proTs. ProTs within the host thymus led to a significant increase in thymic epithelial cells (TECs) by day 21 after transplant, increasing actively cycling TECs...
May 18, 2017: JCI Insight
Shreya Shukla, Matthew A Langley, Jastaranpreet Singh, John M Edgar, Mahmood Mohtashami, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker, Peter W Zandstra
The molecular and cellular signals that guide T-cell development from hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) remain poorly understood. The thymic microenvironment integrates multiple niche molecules to potentiate T-cell development in vivo. Recapitulating these signals in vitro in a stromal cell-free system has been challenging and limits T-cell generation technologies. Here, we describe a fully defined engineered in vitro niche capable of guiding T-lineage development from HSPCs. Synergistic interactions between Notch ligand Delta-like 4 and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) were leveraged to enhance Notch signaling and progenitor T-cell differentiation rates...
May 2017: Nature Methods
Stefano Volpi, Yasuhiro Yamazaki, Patrick M Brauer, Ellen van Rooijen, Atsuko Hayashida, Anne Slavotinek, Hye Sun Kuehn, Maja Di Rocco, Carlo Rivolta, Ileana Bortolomai, Likun Du, Kerstin Felgentreff, Lisa Ott de Bruin, Kazutaka Hayashida, George Freedman, Genni Enza Marcovecchio, Kelly Capuder, Prisni Rath, Nicole Luche, Elliott J Hagedorn, Antonella Buoncompagni, Beryl Royer-Bertrand, Silvia Giliani, Pietro Luigi Poliani, Luisa Imberti, Kerry Dobbs, Fabienne E Poulain, Alberto Martini, John Manis, Robert J Linhardt, Marita Bosticardo, Sergio Damian Rosenzweig, Hane Lee, Jennifer M Puck, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker, Leonard Zon, Pyong Woo Park, Andrea Superti-Furga, Luigi D Notarangelo
We studied three patients with severe skeletal dysplasia, T cell immunodeficiency, and developmental delay. Whole-exome sequencing revealed homozygous missense mutations affecting exostosin-like 3 (EXTL3), a glycosyltransferase involved in heparan sulfate (HS) biosynthesis. Patient-derived fibroblasts showed abnormal HS composition and altered fibroblast growth factor 2 signaling, which was rescued by overexpression of wild-type EXTL3 cDNA. Interleukin-2-mediated STAT5 phosphorylation in patients' lymphocytes was markedly reduced...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Patrick M Brauer, Jastaranpreet Singh, Sintia Xhiku, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker
T cells, as orchestrators of the adaptive immune response, serve important physiological and potentially therapeutic roles, for example in cancer immunotherapy. T cells are readily isolated from patients; however, the yield of antigen-specific T cells is limited, thus making their clinical use challenging. Therefore, the generation of T lymphocytes from hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) and human pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) in vitro provides an attractive method for the large-scale production and genetic manipulation of T cells...
December 2016: Trends in Immunology
Patrick M Brauer, Itai M Pessach, Erik Clarke, Jared H Rowe, Lisa Ott de Bruin, Yu Nee Lee, Carmen Dominguez-Brauer, Anne M Comeau, Geneve Awong, Kerstin Felgentreff, Yuhang H Zhang, Andrea Bredemeyer, Waleed Al-Herz, Likun Du, Francesca Ververs, Marion Kennedy, Silvia Giliani, Gordon Keller, Barry P Sleckman, David G Schatz, Frederic D Bushman, Luigi D Notarangelo, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker
Primary immunodeficiency diseases comprise a group of heterogeneous genetic defects that affect immune system development and/or function. Here we use in vitro differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) generated from patients with different recombination-activating gene 1 (RAG1) mutations to assess T-cell development and T-cell receptor (TCR) V(D)J recombination. RAG1-mutants from severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) patient cells showed a failure to sustain progression beyond the CD3(--)CD4(-)CD8(-)CD7(+)CD5(+)CD38(-)CD31(-/lo)CD45RA(+) stage of T-cell development to reach the CD3(-/+)CD4(+)CD8(+)CD7(+)CD5(+)CD38(+)CD31(+)CD45RA(-) stage...
August 11, 2016: Blood
Sina Oppermann, Jarkko Ylanko, Yonghong Shi, Santosh Hariharan, Christopher C Oakes, Patrick M Brauer, Juan C Zúñiga-Pflücker, Brian Leber, David E Spaner, David W Andrews
Novel agents such as the Bcl-2 inhibitor venetoclax (ABT-199) are changing treatment paradigms for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) but important problems remain. Although some patients exhibit deep and durable responses to venetoclax as a single agent, other patients harbor subpopulations of resistant leukemia cells that mediate disease recurrence. One hypothesis for the origin of resistance to venetoclax is by kinase-mediated survival signals encountered in proliferation centers that may be unique for individual patients...
August 18, 2016: Blood
Mahmood Mohtashami, Payam Zarin, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker
Recreating the thymic microenvironment in vitro poses a great challenge to immunologists. Until recently, the only approach was to utilize the thymic tissue in its three-dimensional form and to transfer the hematopoietic progenitors into this tissue to generate de novo T cells. With the advent of OP9-DL cells (bone marrow-derived cells that are transduced to express Notch ligand, Delta-like), hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) could be induced to differentiate into T cells in culture for the first time outside of the thymic tissue on a monolayer...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Michelle J Smith, Beau R Webber, Mahmood Mohtashami, Heather E Stefanski, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker, Bruce R Blazar
T lymphocytes are critical mediators of the adaptive immune system and have the capacity to serve as therapeutic agents in the areas of transplant and cancer immunotherapy. While T cells can be isolated and expanded from patients, T cells derived in vitro from both hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) and human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) offer great potential advantages in generating a self-renewing source of T cells that can be readily genetically modified. T-cell differentiation in vivo is a complex process requiring tightly regulated signals; providing the correct signals in vitro to induce T-cell lineage commitment followed by their development into mature, functional, single positive T cells, is similarly complex...
November 2015: Stem Cells
Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2015: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Haydn C-Y Liang, Juan Carlos Zúñiga-Pflücker
The study of hematopoiesis has been a focus for developmental biologists for over 100 years. What started as a series of microscopic observations in different animal model systems has since evolved into studies of gene expression and regulation, and subsequent protein-protein interactions, cell surface protein expression profiling, and functional mapping of cell fates. In this review, we will discuss the milestone discoveries that have been achieved in the field of hematopoietic development, as well as the techniques that have been employed...
April 11, 2015: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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