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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328797/activation-senescence-and-inflammation-markers-in-hiv-patients-association-with-renal-function
#1
Alexandra Ozanne, Pierre Duffau, Frédéric-Antoine Dauchy, Claire Rigothier, Cécile Terrien, Estibaliz Lazaro, Charles Cazanave, Sylvie Lawson-Ayayi, Fabrice Bonnet, Patrick Blanco, Linda Wittkop, Isabelle Pellegrin
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between immune-activation (IA), immune-senescence (IS), inflammation biomarkers and renal function measured by estimated glomerular function rate (eGFR) at inclusion and its evolution over a 3-years follow-up in HIV-infected patients with undetectable viral load. DESIGN: The CIADIS (Chronic Immune Activation anD Senescence) sub-study consecutively included patients between October 2011 and May 2013 enrolled in the ANRS CO3 Aquitaine observational cohort...
March 21, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324251/simulating-changes-in-cropping-practises-in-conventional-and-glyphosate-tolerant-maize-i-effects-on-weeds
#2
Nathalie Colbach, Alice Fernier, Valérie Le Corre, Antoine Messéan, Henri Darmency
Herbicide-tolerant (HT) crops such as those tolerant to glyphosate simplify weed management and make it more efficient, at least at short-term. Overreliance on the same herbicide though leads to the spread of resistant weeds. Here, the objective was to evaluate, with simulations, the impact on the advent of glyphosate resistance in weeds of modifications in agricultural practises resulting from introducing HT maize into cropping systems. First, we included a single-gene herbicide resistance submodel in the existing multispecific FLORSYS model...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284287/-even-the-best-law-will-never-replace-reflection-in-the-field
#3
Jean-Pierre Bouchard
Implemented in 2006 by the French minister for health, the resource centres for people working with sex offenders (CRIAVS) provide support for professionals and non-professionals, concerned with transgressive sexual behaviour. They offer tools for legal, health and social professionals to facilitate the supervision of sex offenders. Florent Cochez, a psychiatrist and medical examiner, manager of the Aquitaine CRIAVS, describes in this interview the missions of these regional structures, their link with court-ordered therapy and his practice...
March 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262371/-cooperation-according-to-french-law-hospital-patients-health-and-territories-pharmacists-involvement-in-aquitaine-region
#4
M d'Elbée, M Baumevieille, C Dumartin
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the French Act "Hospital, Patients, Health and Territories" (loi "Hôpital, Patients, Santé et Territoires") reorganized the outpatient care pathway and defined missions aimed at improving cooperation between pharmaceutical and medical professionals. Five years later, we conducted a survey among community pharmacists in order to assess the appropriation of these missions and the way cooperation was implemented. We also aimed to investigate factors that could hamper or ease the development of these activities in order to identify actions needed to improve pharmacists' involvement...
March 2, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125043/comparison-of-aquitaine-and-rioja-red-wines-characterization-of-their-phenolic-composition-and-evolution-from-2000-to-2013
#5
Cindy Quaglieri, Noelia Prieto-Perea, Luis Angel Berrueta, Blanca Gallo, Zurine Rasines-Perea, Michael Jourdes, Pierre-Louis Teissedre
Wine chemical analysis was carried out on 194 commercial blended red wines produced by two major wine-growing areas-the Aquitaine (France) and Rioja (Spain) regions-in order to compare the wines of both regions. Anthocyanins and derived pigments, tannins and derivatives were identified and quantified by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS (high pressure liquid chromatography coupled to diode array detector and mass spectrometry using the electrospray ionization interface). Mean degree of polymerization (mDP) was determined...
January 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046052/integrative-analysis-of-immunological-data-to-explore-chronic-immune-t-cell-activation-in-successfully-treated-hiv-patients
#6
Marie-Quitterie Picat, Isabelle Pellegrin, Juliette Bitard, Linda Wittkop, Cécile Proust-Lima, Benoît Liquet, Jean-François Moreau, Fabrice Bonnet, Patrick Blanco, Rodolphe Thiébaut
OBJECTIVES: To unravel the complex relationships between cytomegalovirus-induced-, autoimmune-induced responses, microbial translocation and chronic immune activation (CIA) in successfully treated HIV-infected patients and to explore the mediating role of alpha-interferon in these processes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study nested in the ANRS CO3 Aquitaine Cohort, a prospective hospital-based cohort of HIV-1-infected patients in South-Western France. METHODS: Patients initiated antiretroviral therapy between 2005 and 2008 and were treated with sustained virological suppression for at least two years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811708/bucardium-grateloupianum-n-sp-from-the-lower-miocene-of-aquitaine-with-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-taxonomic-comments-on-some-fossil-species-from-europe-bivalvia-cardiidae
#7
Rafael La Perna
The genus Bucardium J. E. Gray, 1853 has been widely used in the past literature, either for living and fossil cardiids, but only a single species was known, its type species B. ringens (Bruguière, 1789), living in the tropical waters of West Africa. Another species, from the Lower Miocene of the Aquitaine Basin, turned out to be undescribed, though known since the 19th century. It is herein described as Bucardium grateloupianum n. sp. The genus seems to have always had a low diversity and a tropical distribution...
October 26, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676996/management-of-stroke-patients-by-general-practioners-an-observational-study
#8
Bertrand Glize, Étienne Santos, Sophie Broussy, Igor Sibon, Pierre-Alain Joseph, Patrick Dehail
OBJECTIVE: Post-stroke medical management, defined by national and international guidelines, involves many professionals, allowing optimal secondary prevention. The general practitioner is as a major player in this management. The improved of this management appears as the new challenge following the stroke Plan 2009-2014. The aim of this study was to evaluate the medical and paramedical management of patients in the year following a stroke. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was an observational study among general practitioners of stroke patients in Aquitaine...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667130/breed-differences-of-bull-frozen-thawed-semen
#9
A Ntemka, G Tsousis, C Brozos, E Kiossis, C M Boscos, I A Tsakmakidis
The objective of this study was to investigate the quality of frozen-thawed semen from different bull breeds. Commercial frozen-thawed bull semen samples (26 per breed, 130 totally) of five breeds (Holstein [Η], Brown Swiss [BS], Limousin [L], Belgian Blue [BB], Blonde d' Aquitaine [BA]) were used. After thawing, each semen sample was subjected to thermal resistance test (TR) for 0.5 and 1 hr at 38°C and hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST) for 1 hr at 150 mOsm at 37°C. Additionally, all samples were evaluated at times 0 hr (thawing), 0...
December 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564716/multidisciplinary-care-management-has-a-positive-effect-on-paediatric-obesity-and-social-and-individual-factors-are-associated-with-better-outcomes
#10
C Carriere, C Cabaussel, C Bader, P Barberger-Gateau, P Barat, H Thibault
AIM: The RePPOP Aquitaine network, which was established in south-west France to prevent and treat paediatric obesity, has developed a multidisciplinary approach based on multicomponent lifestyle interventions and family-based actions. This study assessed the impact of its care management programme and investigated the factors associated with better outcomes. METHODS: The impact of the RePPOP care management programme was assessed by changes in the body mass index (BMI) Z score, between baseline and the end-of-care management...
November 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461460/dynamic-models-for-estimating-the-effect-of-haart-on-cd4-in-observational-studies-application-to-the-aquitaine-cohort-and-the-swiss-hiv-cohort-study
#11
Mélanie Prague, Daniel Commenges, Jon Michael Gran, Bruno Ledergerber, Jim Young, Hansjakob Furrer, Rodolphe Thiébaut
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has proved efficient in increasing CD4 counts in many randomized clinical trials. Because randomized trials have some limitations (e.g., short duration, highly selected subjects), it is interesting to assess the effect of treatments using observational studies. This is challenging because treatment is started preferentially in subjects with severe conditions. This general problem had been treated using Marginal Structural Models (MSM) relying on the counterfactual formulation...
March 2017: Biometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364174/prevalence-of-cannabis-and-cocaine-consumption-in-french-fishermen-in-south-atlantic-region-in-2012-2013-and-its-policy-consequences
#12
Emmanuel Fort, Thierry Lassiège, Alain Bergeret
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of cannabis and cocaine among fishermen followed in occupational medicine in the ports of Aquitaine and Charente-Maritime (Direction interrégionale de la mer Sud-Atlantique [DIRM-SA]). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thousand fishermen could be recruited during medical regulatory examination by the occupational physicians and nurses of Occupational Health Department for Seamen. RESULTS: About 20% of fishermen were former smokers...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311913/factors-and-motivations-associated-with-use-of-e-cigarette-among-primary-care-patients-in-a-prospective-cohort-study-e-tac-study-protocol
#13
Shérazade Kinouani, Philippe Castéra, Catherine Laporte, François Pétrègne, Bernard Gay
INTRODUCTION: While the relationship between electronic cigarette use and smoking has often been studied, the association between electronic cigarette use and socioeconomic factors has received less attention. This is a study protocol aiming to describe the relationship between the consumption of psychoactive products (in particular: smoking) or some socioeconomic factors and the evolution of the use of electronic cigarette in primary healthcare over 1 year. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Electronic cigarette, Tobacco, Alcohol and Cannabis (e-TAC) is a prospective multisite cohort study, including 473 patients at baseline and carrying out in general practices in the Aquitaine area (France)...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200135/-safety-evaluation-of-anticancer-drugs-circuit-in-a-regional-hospital-in-tunisia
#14
Jihène Sahli, Meriam El Ghardallou, Iheb Bougmiza, Besma Henchiri, Manel Limam, Rim Mejdoub, Ali Mtiraoui, Thouraya Ajmi
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, the circuit of drugs is a plague. This situation may cause serious harm to patients. In this context, we conducted a study with the aim to describe and evaluate the circuit of anticancer drugs in a Tunisian regional hospital. METHODS: This is an evaluative study of the risk of anticancer drugs, conducted over a period of 15 days during the year 2014 in the Department of Cancer Research of the Regional Hospital of Gafsa (Tunisia). The evaluation method is based on that conducted by the project "SECURIMED" and developed by the Coordination Committee of the Clinical Evaluation and Quality in Aquitaine (CCECQA) in France...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27131655/validation-of-modelled-imaging-plates-sensitivity-to-1-100-kev-x-rays-and-spatial-resolution-characterisation-for-diagnostics-for-the-petawatt-aquitaine-laser
#15
G Boutoux, D Batani, F Burgy, J-E Ducret, P Forestier-Colleoni, S Hulin, N Rabhi, A Duval, L Lecherbourg, C Reverdin, K Jakubowska, C I Szabo, S Bastiani-Ceccotti, F Consoli, A Curcio, R De Angelis, F Ingenito, J Baggio, D Raffestin
Thanks to their high dynamic range and ability to withstand electromagnetic pulse, imaging plates (IPs) are commonly used as passive detectors in laser-plasma experiments. In the framework of the development of the diagnostics for the Petawatt Aquitaine Laser facility, we present an absolute calibration and spatial resolution study of five different available types of IP (namely, MS-SR-TR-MP-ND) performed by using laser-induced K-shell X-rays emitted by a solid silver target irradiated by the laser ECLIPSE at CEntre Lasers Intenses et Applications...
April 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27050752/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-severe-bacterial-infections-in-people-living-with-hiv-anrs-co3-aquitaine-cohort-2000-2012
#16
Amandine Collin, Fabien Le Marec, Marie-Anne Vandenhende, Estibaliz Lazaro, Pierre Duffau, Charles Cazanave, Yann Gérard, François Dabis, Mathias Bruyand, Fabrice Bonnet
Severe non-AIDS bacterial infections (SBI) are the leading cause of hospital admissions among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in industrialized countries. We aimed to estimate the incidence of SBI and their risk factors in a large prospective cohort of PLHIV patients over a 13-year period in France. Patients followed up in the ANRS CO3 Aquitaine cohort between 2000 and 2012 were eligible; SBI was defined as a clinical diagnosis associated with hospitalization of ≥48 hours or death. Survival analysis was conducted to identify risk factors for SBI...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26868830/detection-of-frailty-in-elderly-cancer-patients-improvement-of-the-g8-screening-test
#17
Aurélie Petit-Monéger, Muriel Rainfray, Pierre Soubeyran, Carine A Bellera, Simone Mathoulin-Pélissier
OBJECTIVE: The G8 is a screening test to identify frail elderly patients with cancer. Objectives were to design and evaluate the performance of alternative tests taking into account other predictive domains for frailty. METHODS: We conducted a literature review to identify predictive factors of frailty. Using a Delphi consensus, we collected 24 European experts' opinions to validate the most relevant items to improve the G8. Alternative tests were created and performance assessed on a development population (ONCODAGE cohort)...
March 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26628126/study-of-imaging-plate-detector-sensitivity-to-5-18-mev-electrons
#18
G Boutoux, N Rabhi, D Batani, A Binet, J-E Ducret, K Jakubowska, J-P Nègre, C Reverdin, I Thfoin
Imaging plates (IPs) are commonly used as passive detectors in laser-plasma experiments. We calibrated at the ELSA electron beam facility (CEA DIF) the five different available types of IPs (namely, MS-SR-TR-MP-ND) to electrons from 5 to 18 MeV. In the context of diagnostic development for the PETawatt Aquitaine Laser (PETAL), we investigated the use of stacks of IP in order to increase the detection efficiency and get detection response independent from the neighboring materials such as X-ray shielding and detector supports...
November 2015: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26585286/animal-performance-and-meat-characteristics-in-steers-reared-in-intensive-conditions-fed-with-different-vegetable-oils
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
T Castro, A Cabezas, J De la Fuente, B Isabel, T Manso, V Jimeno
Enhancing the quality of beef meat is an important goal in terms of improving both the nutritional value for the consumer and the commercial value for producers. The aim of this work was to study the effects of different vegetable oil supplements on growth performance, carcass quality and meat quality in beef steers reared under intensive conditions. A total of 240 Blonde D' Aquitaine steers (average BW=293.7±38.88 kg) were grouped into 24 batches (10 steers/batch) and were randomly assigned to one of the three dietary treatments (eight batches per treatment), each supplemented with either 4% hydrogenated palm oil (PALM) or fatty acids (FAs) from olive oil (OLI) or soybean oil (SOY)...
March 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26552629/-impact-of-an-intervention-improving-the-food-supply-excluding-school-meals-with-educational-support-in-middle-and-high-schools
#20
C Carriere, S Lorrain, C Langevin, P Barberger Gateau, S Maurice, H Thibault
Within the Nutrition, Prevention, and Health Program for children and teenagers in Aquitaine, an experimental intervention was implemented in 2007-2008 in the middle and high schools in Aquitaine (southwest France). This intervention aimed to improve the eating habits of adolescents, combining actions to improve the food supply sold during recreational times (remove/limit fat and sugar products sold and promote the sale of fruits and bread) and health education actions to make adolescents aware of the concept of nutritional balance and steer their choice towards recommended products...
December 2015: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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