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Physical exercise in the elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086943/a-lifestyle-intervention-among-elderly-men-on-active-surveillance-for-non-aggressive-prostate-cancer-a-randomised-feasibility-study-with-whole-grain-rye-and-exercise
#1
Anne Kirstine Eriksen, Rikke Dalgaard Hansen, Michael Borre, Ryan Godsk Larsen, Jeppe Munthe Jensen, Kristian Overgaard, Mette Borre, Cecilie Kyrø, Rikard Landberg, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for men with non-aggressive prostate cancer is good, and several studies have investigated the impact of lifestyle changes including physical activity and diet on the prognosis. Despite positive results in animal studies and a few human interventions with whole-grain rye on markers of prostate cancer progression, the feasibility of trials investigating such dietary changes in combination with physical activity remains largely unstudied. The primary aim was to investigate the feasibility of an intervention with high whole-grain rye intake and vigorous physical activity for 6 months in men diagnosed with prostate cancer...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076256/statin-therapy-as-primary-prevention-in-exercising-adults-best-evidence-for-avoiding-myalgia
#2
N John Bosomworth
INTRODUCTION: This review aims to determine whether active adults who begin statins and develop myalgia reduce or stop activity to become less symptomatic. If this occurs, strategies to mitigate symptoms are explored. Should these strategies fail, the question of whether exercise is an adequate alternative to statin therapy is addressed. METHODS: PubMed, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Database were searched with keywords designed to retrieve information on statin myopathy in exercising adults...
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067736/alzheimer-s-disease-and-exercise-a-literature-review
#3
Shane P Cass
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that impairs memory and cognitive judgment. It is the leading cause of dementia in late adult life and is associated with a significant social burden and increased morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Because of mixed effectiveness of medications, exercise has been considered as a treatment for pre-clinical AD, late stage AD, and as a prevention strategy. Exercise appears to improve brain blood flow, increase hippocampal volume, and improve neurogenesis...
January 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067190/leisure-activities-education-and-cognitive-impairment-in-chinese-older-adults-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#4
Xinyi Zhu, Chengxuan Qiu, Yi Zeng, Juan Li
BACKGROUND: We examine the association between leisure-time activities and the risk of developing cognitive impairment among Chinese older people, and further investigate whether the association varies by educational level. METHODS: This follow-up study included 6,586 participants (aged 79.5 ± 9.8 years, range 65-105 years, 51.7% female) of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey who were aged ≥65 years and were free of cognitive impairment in 2002...
January 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065611/-diet-and-lifestyle-rules-in-chronic-constipation-in-adults-from-fantasy-to-reality%C3%A2
#5
Nadia Fathallah, Dominique Bouchard, Vincent de Parades
Chronic constipation is one of the most common chronic gastrointestinal complaints and a frequent reason for consultation. Lifestyle modification and dietary advice attract a lot of patients, often dissatisfied with a long-term drug intake. These behavioral modifications are recommended as a first-line approach in the treatment of chronic mild constipation in the majority of current guidelines despite a low level of evidence. Fiber supplementation is probably the most relevant measure because of a satisfactory level of proof...
January 5, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054834/long-term-restrictions-in-participation-in-stroke-survivors-under-and-over-70-years-of-age
#6
Joris A de Graaf, Maria L van Mierlo, Marcel W M Post, Wilco P Achterberg, L Jaap Kappelle, Johanna M A Visser-Meily
PURPOSE: This study aims to (1) assess differences in participation restrictions between stroke survivors aged under and over 70 years and (2) identify predictors associated with favorable and unfavorable long-term participation in both age groups. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in which 326 patients were assessed at stroke onset, two months and one year after stroke. The Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation (USER-Participation) was used to measure participation restrictions one year after stroke...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042985/enhancing-elderly-health-examination-effectiveness-by-adding-physical-function-evaluations-and-interventions
#7
Chia-Ming Li, Ching-I Chang, Wen-Ruey Yu, Winnie Yang, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Ching-Yu Chen
This study aimed to assess the benefit of adding physical function evaluations and interventions to routine elderly health examination. This is a Quasi-experimental controlled trial. 404 elderly adults (aged 70 and over) scoring 3-6 on the Canadian Study of Health and Aging Clinical Frailty Scale Chinese In-Person Interview Version (CSHA-CFS) in a 2012 annual elderly health examination were enrolled. Both the control and experimental groups received the routine annual health examination with the latter further provided with functional evaluations, exercise instruction, and nutrition education...
December 24, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018770/role-of-physical-exercise-education-and-work-related-measures-with-the-longevity-of-work-in-older-population-in-united-states
#8
Vatsalya Vatsalya, Antero Heloma, Gulshan L Khanna, Kan V Chandras, Robert C Karch
Growth of older population in United States (US) raises concerns for evaluation of health indices that could sustain their workability. This study aimed to characterize the association of health practices used by older working population and measures of quality and duration of their work. Forty (40) non-treatment seeking healthy working individuals residing within United States within 22 - 75 years of age were included in this study. Data were collected from the Customized Employee Biographical Questionnaire (EBQ) and Occupational Health Surveillance Questionnaire (OHRQ) by age groups as 22 - 31, 32 - 41, 42 - 51, 52 - 61 and 62+ and statistically analyzed...
January 2017: Advances in Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017944/-the-effects-of-exercise-and-sports-activities-on-bone-and-joint-morbidities
#9
Shinichi Yoshiya
Exercise and sports activities can afford mechanical stimuli to the bone and joint tissues which are required to maintain the tissue properties. Moreover, physical exercise is an important part of the management of bone and joint morbidities such as osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and low back pain. On the other hand, excessive mechanical load involved in exercise and sports activities can be harmful potentially causing overuse injuries of the musculoskeletal tissues. Especially, safety margin for the amount of acceptable mechanical stress is narrow in the elderly due to preexisting musculoskeletal problems...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017942/-physical-activity-for-knee-osteoarthritis
#10
Masashi Nagao, Muneaki Ishijima, Haruka Kaneko, Yuji Takazawa, Hiroshi Ikeda, Kazuo Kaneko
Elder populations have been increasing in Japan and estimated 24 million people have knee osteoarthritis(OA). Recently, people have diverse sociological background and demand for participating sports has been growing. People may participate sports to prevent some diseases such as locomotive syndrome. According to the recent studies, excessive high impact sports increase the risk of OA, while daily life exercise decrease the risk. Epidemiological approach demonstrated that reduced knee extension muscle strength increases the risk of OA...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965570/combining-exergame-training-with-omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-study-assessing-the-effect-on-neuronal-structure-function-in-the-elderly-brain
#11
Alexandra Schättin, Eling D de Bruin
A common problem in the older population is the risk of falling and related injury, immobility, and reduced survival. Age-related neuronal changes, e.g., decline in gray-and white-matter, affect neuronal, cognitive, and motor functioning. The improvement of these factors might decrease fall events in elderly. Studies showed that administration of video game-based physical exercise, a so-called exergame, or omega-3 fatty acid (FA) may improve motor and/or cognitive functioning through neuronal changes in the brain of older adults...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943243/objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-calcaneal-bone-health-in-older-japanese-adults-dose-response-relationships-in-longitudinal-data-from-the-nakanojo-study
#12
Roy J Shephard, Hyuntae Park, Sungjin Park, Yukitoshi Aoyagi
OBJECTIVES: To examine dose/response relationships between habitual physical activity and bone health in the elderly. DESIGN: Longitudinal. SETTING: Community of Nakanojo. PARTICIPANTS: Community-living Japanese aged 65 to 84 (212 men, 284 women). MEASUREMENTS: Daily 24-h pedometer/accelerometer data were collected continuously for 5 years. A quantitative calcaneal osteosonic index (OSI) was determined annually...
December 9, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942151/effects-of-compound-music-program-on-cognitive-function-and-qol-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#13
Takaaki Fujita, Akemi Ito, Nana Kikuchi, Tomohiro Kakinuma, Yoshihisa Sato
[Purpose] Interventions using music, physical exercise, and reminiscence therapy are widely used both for rehabilitation and care of the elderly. This study aimed to investigate the effect of structured interventions comprising music, physical exercise, and reminiscence therapy on cognitive function and quality of life of the community-dwelling elderly. [Subjects and Methods] The study included 15 community-dwelling elderly people who used a day-care center. Participants underwent sessions comprising the following three factors: 1) singing songs familiar to the elderly; 2) physical exercise to music; and 3) observation of historical pictures...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942147/effects-of-elastic-band-resistance-exercise-on-balance-mobility-and-gait-function-flexibility-and-fall-efficacy-in-elderly-people
#14
Cheol-Jin Kwak, You Lim Kim, Suk Min Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of elastic-band resistance exercise on balance, gait function, flexibility and fall efficacy in the elderly people of rural community. [Subjects and Methods] It is selected by 45 outpatients. They have come into the clinic continually to treat of physical therapy at least 1-2 times for a week. A group treated with both general physical therapy and elastic-band resistance exercise (23 patients), and the other group treated with only general physical therapy (22 patients)...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942146/effect-of-a-simple-and-adherent-home-exercise-program-on-the-physical-function-of-community-dwelling-adults-sixty-years-of-age-and-older-with-pre-sarcopenia-or-sarcopenia
#15
Kohei Maruya, Yasuyoshi Asakawa, Hideaki Ishibashi, Hiroaki Fujita, Tomoyuki Arai, Haruyasu Yamaguchi
[Purpose] To evaluate the effect of a home exercise program on physical function in community dwelling elderly with pre-sarcopenia or sarcopenia. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty-two community-dwelling individuals, over 60 years and meeting the diagnostic criteria for pre-sarcopenia or sarcopenia, were randomly assigned to intervention group (n=34) and control group (n=18). The intervention group completed 6-months home exercise programs, combining walking with lower limb resistance exercises. Body mass index, skeletal mass index, body fat percentage, handgrip strength, single-leg standing, walking speed (comfortable and maximal), and knee extension strength were evaluated at baseline and post-intervention...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932975/adaptations-of-prefrontal-brain-activity-executive-functions-and-gait-in-healthy-elderly-following-exergame-and-balance-training-a-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Alexandra Schättin, Rendel Arner, Federico Gennaro, Eling D de Bruin
During aging, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) undergoes age-dependent neuronal changes influencing cognitive and motor functions. Motor-learning interventions are hypothesized to ameliorate motor and cognitive deficits in older adults. Especially, video game-based physical exercise might have the potential to train motor in combination with cognitive abilities in older adults. The aim of this study was to compare conventional balance training with video game-based physical exercise, a so-called exergame, on the relative power (RP) of electroencephalographic (EEG) frequencies over the PFC, executive function (EF), and gait performance...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932873/coherence-between-self-reported-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Mimi Thyregod, Uffe Bodtger
The beneficial effects of physical activity (PA) in patients with COPD, as well as the methods of their assessment, are well known and described. As objective measures of PA, such as the use of motion sensors, video recordings, exercise capacity testing, and indirect calorimetry, are not easily obtained in the daily clinical life, the reliability of the more accessible self-reported measurements of PA is important. In this review, we systematically identified original studies involving COPD patients and at least one parameter of self-reported and objective exercise testing, and analyzed every article for coherence between the objectively and self-reported measured PA...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931197/reaching-the-elderly-understanding-of-health-and-preventive-experiences-for-a-tailored-approach-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#18
Christiane Patzelt, Susanne Heim, Bernhilde Deitermann, Gudrun Theile, Christian Krauth, Eva Hummers-Pradier, Ulla Walter
BACKGROUND: Often preventive measures are not accessed by the people who were intended to be reached. Programs for older adults may target men and women, older adults, advanced old age groups and/or chronically ill patients with specific indications. The defined target groups rarely participate in the conception of programs or in the design of information materials, although this would increase accessibility and participation. In the German "Reaching the Elderly" study (2008-2011), an approach to motivating older adults to participate in a preventive home visit (PHV) program was modified with the participatory involvement of the target groups...
December 8, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928136/evaluation-of-the-comprehensive-health-program-sumida-take10-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-which-aims-to-prevent-or-delay-the-need-for-long-term-nursing-care
#19
Mika Kimura, Ai Moriyasu, Shu Kumagai, Taketo Furuna
Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the comprehensive health program "Sumida TAKE10!", which aims to improve dietary habits and promote physical activity among community-dwelling older adults including the pre-frail elderly. This study has been ongoing since 2005 in Sumida Ward, Tokyo with the ultimate aim of preventing or delaying the need for long-term nursing care. We used the term "pre-frail elderly" for older adults who are at risk of requiring long-term care.Methods "Sumida TAKE10!" consists of a general lecture in a public hall followed by 5 educational sessions biweekly at 4-6 community centers...
2016: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918699/validation-of-questionnaire-assessed-physical-activity-in-comparison-with-objective-measures-using-accelerometers-and-physical-performance-measures-among-community-dwelling-adults-aged-%C3%A2-85-years-in-tokyo-japan
#20
Yuko Oguma, Yusuke Osawa, Michiyo Takayama, Yukiko Abe, Shigeho Tanaka, I-Min Lee, Yasumichi Arai
BACKGROUND: To date, there is no physical activity (PA) questionnaire with convergent and construct validity for the oldest-old. The aim of the present study was to investigate the validity of questionnaire-assessed PA in comparison with objective measures determined by uniaxial and triaxial accelerometers and physical performance measures in the oldest-old. METHODS: Participants were 155 elderly (mean age 90 years) who were examined at the university and agreed to wear an accelerometer for 7 days in the 3-year-follow-up survey of the Tokyo Oldest-Old Survey of Total Health...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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