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Physical exercise in the elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475130/the-influence-of-winter-and-summer-seasons-on-physical-fitness-in-aged-population
#1
P Bezerra, Luis P Rodrigues, C Ayan, J M Cancela
Epidemiological studies have described the association between physical fitness and health. Few have reported the impact of seasonal variation on fitness determinants, in elderly. We investigated the effects of summer and winter environmental conditions on physical fitness, in both exercise and non-exercise elders. 371 non-institutionalized older adults (74.1% female; 78.4 ± 5.3 years) randomly recruited from a total sample of 1338 subjects from north of Portugal, were prospectively followed during 1 year and 3 assessments were performed - April (baseline), October (summer season) and April (winter season)...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466693/acute-extracellular-matrix-inflammatory-and-mapk-response-to-lengthening-contractions-in-elderly-human-skeletal-muscle
#2
Jacob R Sorensen, Caitlin Skousen, Alex Holland, Kyle Williams, Robert D Hyldahl
To uncover potential factors that may be involved in the impaired regenerative capacity of aged skeletal muscle, we comprehensively assessed the molecular stress response following muscle damage in old and young individuals. 10 young (22.7 ± 2.25 yrs) and 8 physically active old (70.9 ± 7.5 yrs) subjects completed a bout of 300 lengthening contractions (LC), and muscle biopsies were taken pre-exercise and at 3, 24, and 72 h post-LC. Both age groups performed the same amount of work during LC, with the old group displaying a resistance to LC-induced fatigue during the exercise...
February 18, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463936/relationship-between-social-participation-physical-activity-and-psychological-distress-in-apparently-healthy-elderly-people-a-pilot-study
#3
Yutaka Owari, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Hiroaki Kataoka
Few studies examined the relationship between social participation, physical activity and psychological distress in elderly people. Here we examined these relationships in apparently healthy elderly people. After exclusion of subjects who dropped out or did not meet enrollment criteria, the data of 86 subjects (apparently healthy elderly embers at a college health club; 25 males, 61 females) from July 20 to September 10, 2016 were used. We evaluated each subject's psychological distress using the K6 questionnaire, social participation by a self-completed questionnaire, and physical activity level by a triaxial accelerometer (7 consecutive days)...
February 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454336/change-in-physical-activity-level-and-clinical-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-knee-pain-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Jonathan G Quicke, Nadine E Foster, Peter R Croft, Reuben O Ogollah, Melanie A Holden
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions improve clinical outcomes of pain and function in adults with knee pain due to osteoarthritis and higher levels of physical activity are associated with lower severity of pain and higher levels of physical functioning in older adults with knee osteoarthritis in cross-sectional studies. However, to date no studies have investigated if change in physical activity level during exercise interventions can explain clinical outcomes of pain and function. This study aimed to investigate if change in physical activity during exercise interventions is associated with future pain and physical function in older adults with knee pain...
February 17, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451638/-association-between-health-anthropometric-indexes-with-physical-fitness-in-physically-active-elderly-women
#5
Pablo Valdés-Badilla, Andrés Godoy-Cumillaf, Jenny Ortega-Spuler, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, Samuel Durán-Agüero, José Zapata-Bastias, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria, Eduardo Guzmán-Muñoz, Antonio López-Fuenzalida
OBJECTIVE: To associate health anthropometric indexes with physical fitness of elderly women (EW) who participate in physical exercise workshops. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 272 Chilean women over 60 years took part in the study. The variables studied were BMI, waist circumference (WC), waist-height index (WHI) and physical fitness (PF). Correlations were made through the Pearson or Spearman coefficient, and bivariate associations using Pearson's Chi-square and the Fisher's exact test, considering p<0...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451419/physical-exercise-nutrition-and-hormones-three-pillars-to-fight-sarcopenia
#6
Paolo Sgrò, Massimiliano Sansone, Andrea Sansone, Stefania Sabatini, Paolo Borrione, Francesco Romanelli, Luigi Di Luigi
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is a pathophysiological condition diffused in elderly people; it represents a social issue due to the longer life expectancy and the growing aging population. It affects negatively quality of life and it represents a risk factor for other pathologies, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. No silver bullet exists to hinder sarcopenia, but it may be counteracted by physical exercise, nutrition, and a proper endocrine milieu. Indeed, we aim to analyze the scientific literature to give to clinician effective advices to counteract sarcopenia...
February 16, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444561/committed-to-be-fit-the-value-of-preoperative-care-in-the-perioperative-medicine-era
#7
Javier Ripollés-Melchor, Francesco Carli, Miquel Coca-Martínez, Macarena Barbero-Mielgo, José M Ramírez-Rodríguez, José A García-Erce
In the era of perioperative medicine, important advances have been made in the perioperative care of patients, usually within those known as Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols. These have led to a decrease in postoperative complications and the duration of hospital stays; however, there is still a lack of preoperative care, which could make perioperative medicine more prominent. Elderly patients, malnourished, anaemic and ones with a low physical function before surgery are likely to have sub-optimal recovery from surgery...
February 14, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443878/skeletal-muscle-pathophysiology-the-emerging-role-of-spermine-oxidase-and-spermidine
#8
REVIEW
Manuela Cervelli, Alessia Leonetti, Guglielmo Duranti, Stefania Sabatini, Roberta Ceci, Paolo Mariottini
Skeletal muscle comprises approximately 40% of the total body mass. Preserving muscle health and function is essential for the entire body in order to counteract chronic diseases such as type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. Prolonged physical inactivity, particularly among the elderly, causes muscle atrophy, a pathological state with adverse outcomes such as poor quality of life, physical disability, and high mortality. In murine skeletal muscle C2C12 cells, increased expression of the spermine oxidase (SMOX) enzyme has been found during cell differentiation...
February 14, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432893/improvement-of-cognitive-functions-in-response-to-a-regular-nordic-walking-training-in-elderly-women-a-change-dependent-on-the-training-experience
#9
A Gmiąt, J Jaworska, K Micielska, J Kortas, K Prusik, K Prusik, M Lipowski, A Radulska, N Szupryczyńska, J Antosiewicz, E Ziemann
Although regular physical activity is known to benefit health of aging populations, there are still many factors, which regulate exercise-induced adaptive changes. Among many vitamin D and myokines are under consideration. We, therefore, evaluated the influence of a single session of and regular Nordic Walking (NW) training combined with vitamin D supplementation on cognitive functions and muscle strength and some elements of the amino-acid profile. Thirty-five healthy elderly women (68 ± 5 years old) from health promotion programmes took part in the study...
February 9, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421607/differences-in-muscle-adaptation-to-a-12-week-mixed-power-training-in-elderly-men-depending-on-usual-protein-intake
#10
M C Dulac, C H Pion, F Lemieux, G Boutros El Hajj, M Belanger, P Gaudreau, S Chevalier, J A Morais, G Gouspillou, M Aubertin-Leheudre
INTRODUCTION: Normal aging is often associated with a decline of muscle mass (MM), strength (MS) and quality (MQ: MS/MM), leading to functional incapacities. This aging-related deterioration of muscles may involve a decreased protein intake. Mixed power training has been recently shown to induce positive effects on MM, MS and MQ. However, to our knowledge, no study has examined if muscle adaptations following mixed power training could be influenced by the daily amount of protein ingested in elderly men...
February 5, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416326/developing-an-assessment-based-on-physical-fitness-age-to-evaluate-motor-function-in-frail-and-healthy-elderly-women
#11
Masaki Nakagaichi, Yuya Anan, Yuto Hikiji, Sou Uratani
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify a method for assessing physical fitness age that is easy to use with both frail and healthy elderly women and to examine its validity. Methods: Principal component analysis was used to develop a formula of physical fitness age from four motor function variables. The subjects comprised 688 (75.7±6.0 years) elderly women, in order to develop a physical fitness scale. The formula for calculating physical fitness age was expressed as physical fitness age =-0...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401658/relative-contributions-of-different-lifestyle-factors-to-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-elderly
#12
Xiaona Zhang, Ruyi Xia, Shu Wang, Wei Xue, Jian Yang, Shuliu Sun, Guihua Zhuang
Much of the previous literature has studied the relationship between individual lifestyle factors and the health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, only a few studies combined them to explore their relative importance to the HRQOL in the elderly. This study assesses the HRQOL of the urban, rural, and institutionalized Chinese elderly and explores the relative contributions of different lifestyle factors to their HRQOL. The SF-36v2 Health Survey, the WHOQOL-OLD module, and the socio-demographic and lifestyle questionnaire were utilized in this study...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396436/effects-of-elastic-band-exercise-on-lean-mass-and-physical-capacity-in-older-women-with-sarcopenic-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Chun-De Liao, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Shih-Wei Huang, Jan-Wen Ku, Dun-Jen Hsiao, Tsan-Hon Liou
Sarcopenia is associated with loss of muscle mass as well as an increased risk of physical disability in elderly people. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of elastic band resistance training (ERT) on muscle mass and physical function in older women with sarcopenic obesity. A randomized controlled trial with an intention-to-treat analysis was conducted. A total of 56 women (mean ± SD age 67.3 ± 5.1 years) were randomly assigned to the experimental group receiving 12 weeks of ERT and to the control group receiving no exercise intervention...
February 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383267/geriatric-cyclists-assessing-risks-safety-and-benefits
#14
REVIEW
Tochukwu C Ikpeze, Gabriel Glaun, Daren McCalla, John C Elfar
Nearly 1 in every 3 Americans ride bicycles each year, but only 20% of the reported 100 million cyclists ride on a weekly basis. Bicycling is a common form of transportation and recreation and has gained popularity among the elderly patients. In recent years, the number of elderly cyclists has increased steadily and studies have cited ease of use, need for exercise, and enjoyment as important contributing factors. The benefits of physical activity on health is well-documented, and elderly individuals are encouraged to remain active to reduce the progression of age-related weakness and loss of muscle mass...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380857/the-impact-of-dietary-factors-on-indices-of-chronic-disease-in-older-people-a-systematic-review
#15
C A Nowson, C Service, J Appleton, J A Grieger
OBJECTIVES: There has been little evaluation of the evidence relating dietary factors to functional capacity in older adults. The aims were to i) conduct a systematic review of studies assessing dietary factors in relation to six key functional indicators which impact on quality of life in adults ≥65 yrs: non-fatal cardiovascular events, cognition, mental health, falls and fractures, physical health (muscle mass, strength) and frailty; and ii) assess if there was sufficient evidence to devise food-based dietary recommendations...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377872/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-objective-assessment-of-physical-fitness-in-patients-undergoing-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#16
Chun Hin Angus Lee, Joseph C Kong, Hilmy Ismail, Bernhard Riedel, Alexander Heriot
BACKGROUND: Gas exchange-derived variables obtained from cardiopulmonary exercise testing allow objective assessment of functional capacity and hence physiological reserve to withstand the stressors of major surgery. Field walk tests provide an alternate means for objective assessment of functional capacity that may be cheaper and have greater acceptability, in particular, in elderly patients. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated the predictive value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing and field walk tests in surgical outcomes after colorectal surgery...
March 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372056/home-exercise-improves-the-quality-of-sleep-and-daytime-sleepiness-of-elderlies-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Glauber Sá Brandão, Glaucia Sá Brandão Freitas Gomes, Glaudson Sá Brandão, Antônia A Callou Sampaio, Claudio F Donner, Luis V F Oliveira, Aquiles Assunção Camelier
Background: Aging causes physiological changes which affect the quality of sleep. Supervised physical exercise is an important therapeutic resource to improve the sleep of the elderlies, however there is a low adherence to those type of programs, so it is necessary to implement an exercise program which is feasible and effective. The study aimed to test the hypothesis that a semi-supervised home exercise program, improves sleep quality and daytime sleepiness of elderlies of the community who present poor sleep quality...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370215/high-levels-of-incidental-physical-activity-are-positively-associated-with-cognition-and-eeg-activity-in-aging
#18
Javier Sanchez-Lopez, Juan Silva-Pereyra, Thalía Fernández, Graciela C Alatorre-Cruz, Susana A Castro-Chavira, Mauricio González-López, Sergio M Sánchez-Moguel
High levels of physical activity seem to positively influence health and cognition across the lifespan. Several studies have found that aerobic exercise enhances cognition and likely prevents cognitive decline in the elderly. Nevertheless, the association of incidental physical activity (IPA) with health and cognition during aging has not been studied. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the association of IPA level with cognitive functions and resting electroencephalogram (EEG) in healthy old participants...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363988/effects-of-12-week-brisk-walking-training-on-exercise-blood-pressure-in-elderly-patients-with-essential-hypertension-a-pilot-study
#19
L I He, Wang Ren Wei, Zhao Can
BACKGROUND: Essential hypertension (EP) is characterized by blood pressure (BP) elevations, which often lead to target organ damage and cardiovascular illness. The following study investigates whether aerobic exercise programs with different intensities could reduce the magnitude of BP rise. METHODS: Patients with essential hypertension were recruited from the Baoshan Community Health Service Center. A total of 46 patients were finally selected and randomly assigned into two groups: control group (CON) included patients who did not participate in exercise intervention training; treatment group (TRG) included patients who participated in 12-week brisk walking training (60-min of brisk walking, three times a week for a total of 12 weeks)...
January 24, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358716/impact-of-a-motivational-resistance-training-programme-on-adherence-and-body-composition-in-the-elderly
#20
Pablo Jorge Marcos-Pardo, Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez, Alexander Gil-Arias
Lack of physical activity is one of the major causes for obesity and functional disability in the elderly. Including regular exercise in the elderly's lifestyle is not an easy task. The main objective was to analyse the effect of a motivational resistance-training programme on satisfying the individual's psychological needs, level of self-determination and body composition. A quasi-experimental study was performed with 47 volunteers (29 females, 18 males) of 67-75 years of age, divided into two groups: experimental (n = 27) and control (n = 20)...
January 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
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