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Coarctation Repair

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734405/aortic-coarctation-repair-how-i-teach-it
#1
EDITORIAL
Michael E Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705800/congenital-kinking-of-aorta
#2
Muralidharan Thodi Ramamurthy, Vinod Kumar Balakrishnan, Sunny Anand Nesan David, Hema Sundar Korrapati
Pseudocoarctation is an unusual anomaly mirroring true coarctation. Congenital kinking or pseudocoarctation of aorta was never a benign condition. Although surgical repair should be suggested for all symptomatic individuals. Regular follow-up is obligatory for all asymptomatic patients deprived of linked anomalies. We suggest CT-aortogram as a non-invasive imaging modality for the definitive diagnosis of pseudocoarctation.
July 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703088/poor-blood-pressure-control-in-adults-with-repaired-coarctation-of-the-aorta-and-hypertension-a-register-based-study-of-associated-factors
#3
Daniel Rinnström, Mikael Dellborg, Ulf Thilén, Peder Sörensson, Niels-Erik Nielsen, Christina Christersson, Martin Ugander, Bengt Johansson
BACKGROUND: Arterial hypertension is common in adults with repaired coarctation of the aorta, and is associated with several severe complications. Aims This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of poorly controlled (⩾140/90 mmHg) blood pressure among patients with diagnosed hypertension and to identify associated factors. METHODS: In the national register for CHD, adults with repaired coarctation of the aorta and diagnosed hypertension - defined as a registry diagnosis and/or use of anti-hypertensive prescription medication - were identified...
July 13, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690293/tracheal-compression-caused-by-a-mediastinal-hematoma-after-interrupted-aortic-arch-surgery
#4
Qingwang Hua, Zhiyong Lin, Xingti Hu, Qifeng Zhao
Congenital abnormalities of the aortic arch include interrupted aortic arch (IAA), coarctation of the aorta (CoA), and double aortic arch (DAA). Aortic arch repair is difficult and postoperative complications are common. However, postoperative tracheobronchial stenosis with respiratory insufficiency is an uncommon complication and is usually caused by increased aortic anastomotic tension. We report here a case of tracheal compression by a mediastinal hematoma following IAA surgery. The patient underwent a repeat operation to remove the hematoma and was successfully weaned off the ventilator...
July 10, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651676/anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-right-pulmonary-artery-in-a-univentricular-heart
#5
Ziyad M Binsalamah, Diego A Lara, Emmett D McKenzie
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the right pulmonary artery in single ventricles is a very rare congenital anomaly. Failure to recognise it preoperatively may lead to adverse outcomes, including death. We report the case of a neonate with a univentricular heart in the form of a double-outlet right ventricle, mitral atresia with discrete coarctation of the aorta, and an incidental intraoperative finding of an anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the right pulmonary artery. The patient underwent a successful repair with an uneventful postoperative course...
June 27, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642065/severe-and-resistant-hypertension-in-an-older-woman-with-claudication
#6
Puneet Gupta, Robert Hagberg, Electra Kaloudis, Anika Lucas, Parth Shah, William B White
Coarctation of the aorta is an uncommon cause of treatment-resistant hypertension in adults. It is typically detected and treated in infancy or childhood with surgical or endovascular procedures. Most cases of recurrence of coarctation after repair occur in childhood or early adulthood; recurrence in older persons (>70 years) has rarely been reported. A 73-year-old woman was referred to us for the management of treatment-resistant hypertension accompanied by symptoms of claudication and headaches, which had resulted in multiple emergency room visits...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622942/arterial-hypertension-after-coarctation-repair-in-long-term-follow-up-coafu-predictive-value-of-clinical-variables
#7
Pinar Bambul Heck, Jelena Pabst von Ohain, Harald Kaemmerer, Peter Ewert, Alfred Hager
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617686/imaging-adult-patients-with-coarctation-of-the-aorta
#8
Akanksha N Thakkar, Ponraj Chinnadurai, C Huie Lin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of current recommendations and techniques used to image coarctations of the aorta. RECENT FINDINGS: Imaging of coarctation of the aorta in adults is moving away from conventional techniques such as echocardiography and invasive angiography. Echocardiography may assist in making the diagnosis but is limited in its ability to quantify the severity of coarctations. Current guidelines recommend that every patient with a coarctation must undergo a computed tomography (CT) or MRI scan for accurate delineation of morphology...
June 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608147/coarctation-index-predicts-recurrent-aortic-arch-obstruction-following-surgical-repair-of-coarctation-of-the-aorta-in-infants
#9
Gregory Adamson, Tara Karamlou, Phillip Moore, Luz Natal-Hernandez, Sarah Tabbutt, Shabnam Peyvandi
Recurrent aortic arch obstruction (RAAO) remains a major cause of morbidity following surgical neonatal repair of coarctation of the aorta (CoA). Elucidating predictors of RAAO can identify high-risk patients and guide postoperative management. The Coarctation index (CoA-I), defined as the ratio of the diameter of the narrowest aortic arch segment to the diameter of the descending aorta, has been used to help diagnose RAAO in neonates following the Norwood Procedure. We sought to assess the predictive value of the CoA-I on RAAO after CoA repair in infants with biventricular circulation...
June 12, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595675/is-the-medical-treatment-for-arterial-hypertension-after-primary-aortic-coarctation-repair-related-to-age-at-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Peter J Lillitos, Mohamed S Nassar, Shane M Tibby, Joy Simmonds, Caner Salih, Conal Austin, David Anderson, Thomas Krasemann
BACKGROUND: Hypertension following primary coarctation repair affects up to a third of subjects. A number of studies suggest that future hypertension risk is reduced if primary repair is performed at a younger age. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of future medical treatment for hypertension depending on age of primary coarctation repair. METHODS: This study was carried out at a tertiary paediatric cardiology referral centre...
June 9, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580660/long-term-outcomes-after-aortic-coarctation-repair-in-maltese-patients-a-population-based-study
#11
Maryanne Caruana, Victor Grech
OBJECTIVES: To investigate survival and freedom from reintervention after aortic coarctation repair in Maltese patients and to compare cardiovascular mortality in coarctation repair survivors with that in the general population. DESIGN: All 72 aortic coarctation patients with any type of repair, born by end-1997 and logged in the local database were included. Trends in timing and type of repair were determined by comparing patients born before and after 1985. Kaplan-Meier analyses of survival and reintervention-free survival were performed on the 59 repair survivors with complete follow-up data (mean follow-up 26...
June 5, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575303/are-more-extensive-procedures-warranted-at-the-time-of-aortic-arch-reoperation-%C3%A2
#12
Jeremy S Y Wong, Melissa G Y Lee, Johann Brink, Igor E Konstantinov, Christian P Brizard, Yves d'Udekem
OBJECTIVES: To determine the early and late outcomes of patients undergoing aortic arch reoperations. METHODS: The follow-up of 70 patients undergoing a second arch operation (excluding univentricular physiology) between 1979 and 2015 was reviewed. Median age at initial arch operation and second operation was 9 days (interquartile range: 5-35) and 10 months (interquartile range: 3-64), respectively. The most common indication for initial arch operation was coarctation in 79% (55/70)...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554563/left-ventricular-fibrosis-and-systolic-hypertension-persist-in-a-repaired-aortic-coarctation-model
#13
Jie Liu, Douglas Drak, Anish Krishnan, Sing-Young Chen, Carla Canniffe, Shisan Bao, Gareth Denyer, David S Celermajer
BACKGROUND: Despite successful repair in early life, patients with coarctation of the aorta (CoA) are predisposed to several cardiovascular complications in later life related to systemic hypertension or left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, or both, the pathogenesis of which is unclear. METHODS: Three-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats underwent transverse aortic constriction (TAC) or a sham operation, with release of the constriction 3 weeks later. Twenty-five weeks after the repair operation, animals underwent hemodynamic assessment, LV gene profiling, and histologic analysis...
May 27, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547126/endovascular-management-of-native-postcoarctation-thoracic-aortic-aneurysms
#14
Ziheng Wu, Xiangtao Zheng, Xin Fang, Yangyan He, Donglin Li, Chengfei Zheng, Hongkun Zhang
PURPOSE: Postcoarctation thoracic aortic aneurysm formation is one of the most serious complications for coarctation of aorta. Open surgery to repair these aneurysms is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Endovascular therapy is an attractive alternative to open surgery. We have studied the efficacy and safety of endovascular therapy for postcoarctation thoracic aortic aneurysms, and will share our findings and experience through this document. METHODS: The data was retrospectively collected on consecutive patients who were presented with postcoarctation thoracic aortic aneurysms at our medical center...
May 25, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545853/elevated-sympathetic-activity-endothelial-dysfunction-and-late-hypertension-after-repair-of-coarctation-of-the-aorta
#15
Melissa G Y Lee, Robyn A Hemmes, Jonathan Mynard, Elisabeth Lambert, Geoffrey A Head, Michael M H Cheung, Igor E Konstantinov, Christian P Brizard, Gavin Lambert, Yves d'Udekem
BACKGROUND: There is a high prevalence of late hypertension after coarctation repair. The relative contribution of elevated sympathetic tone and endothelial dysfunction to its development is unknown. This study aims to investigate the neural profile of coarctation patients including muscle sympathetic nerve activity testing to directly measure sympathetic nervous activity. METHODS: Twenty-three patients aged ≥18years with a coarctation repair underwent measurements of clinic and 24-h blood pressures, muscle sympathetic nerve activity, sympathetic and cardiac baroreflex functions, digital endothelial function, and ambulatory arterial stiffness index...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523342/exercise-capacity-before-and-after-stent-placement-for-coarctation-of-the-aorta-a-single-center-case-series
#16
Brandon D Morrical, Jason H Anderson, Nathaniel W Taggart
Over the last 15 years, stent placement has become a viable and safe alternative to surgical repair for native and recurrent coarctation of the aorta. Although patients with coarctation of the aorta often have lower exercise tolerance, there is no published data regarding the effect of coarctation stenting on exercise capacity. We aimed to determine the effect of coarctation stent placement on exercise capacity. We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent stent placement for native or recurrent coarctation of the aorta at our institution from January 2000 to October 2012...
May 18, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520538/treatment-strategies-for-paradoxical-hypertension-following-surgical-correction-of-coarctation-of-the-aorta-in-children
#17
Peter P Roeleveld, Eline G Zwijsen
BACKGROUND: Paradoxical hypertension after repair of coarctation of the aorta is a well-known phenomenon. The pathogenesis involves the activation of the sympathetic nervous system (first phase) and renin-angiotensin system (second phase). Only a limited number of different treatment strategies have been published in the literature, without any comparative studies. METHODS: Our aim was to describe the current international practice variation surrounding pharmacological treatment currently being employed to treat paradoxical hypertension following the repair of coarctation of the aorta in children...
May 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508920/chronic-low-dose-prostaglandin-and-neonatal-heart-block
#18
Safwat A Aly, Sawsan M Awad, Ra-Id Abdulla, Suhaib Kazmouz, Hoang H Nguyen
Long-term prostaglandin use is commonly associated with side effects such as cortical proliferation of the bones, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, and soft tissue swelling of the extremities. We report a neonate with critical coarctation of the aorta, who developed second and third degree atrioventricular blocks associated with prolonged prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) infusion. Interestingly, these conduction blocks only occurred at low PGE1 dose. The rhythm disturbances resolved promptly with the discontinuation of PGE1 following surgical repair...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501658/hybridizing-the-sandwich-and-chimney-techniques-in-the-endovascular-repair-of-coarctation-of-the-aortic-arch-and-postcoarctation-ectasia-concomitant-with-a-left-subclavian-artery-aneurysm
#19
Mingguang Zhang, Hao Nie, Xinyu Gui, Jiang Shao, Bao Liu, Yongjun Li, Changwei Liu, Yuehong Zheng
Coarctation of aorta is a rare congenital malformation and is usually accompanied by other cardiac or vascular lesions. In this case we describe a 51-year-old patient presented with coarctation of the aortic arch and postcoarctation ectasia concomitant with a left subclavian artery aneurysm. Endovascular therapy included the deployment of an inverted wedge-shaped covered stent inserted by a long "chimney" stent and another cylinder-covered stent, forming a "sandwich"-like configuration. The symptoms were alleviated after surgery, and no perioperative or stent-graft-related complications were observed at a 2-year follow-up...
May 10, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498970/results-of-a-multimodal-approach-for-the-management-of-aortic-coarctation-and-its-complications-in-adults
#20
Pierre-Emmanuel Noly, Valéry Legris-Falardeau, Reda Ibrahim, Ismaïl El-Hamamsy, Raymond Cartier, Yoan Lamarche, Denis Bouchard, Jean-François Dorval, Nancy Poirier, Philippe Demers
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the results of various tailored management strategies for adults with coarctation in our centre. METHODS: : We reviewed all adults patients treated for aortic caorctation between January 2000 and December 2015 in our institution. The primary end point was a composite of death, perioperative stroke, paraplegia, need for unplanned reoperation or occurrence of pseudoaneurysm during the follow-up. The mean follow-up was 82 ± 5 months...
May 11, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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