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Slipped capital femoral

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298262/body-mass-index-affects-proximal-femoral-but-not-acetabular-morphology-in-adolescents-without-hip-pathology
#1
Eduardo N Novais, Sandra J Shefelbine, Karl-Philipp Kienle, Patricia E Miller, Garrett Bowen, Young-Jo Kim, Sarah D Bixby
BACKGROUND: Increased mechanical load secondary to a large body mass index (BMI) may influence bone remodeling. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether BMI is associated with the morphology of the proximal part of the femur and the acetabulum in a cohort of adolescents without a history of hip disorders. METHODS: We evaluated pelvic computed tomographic (CT) images in 128 adolescents with abdominal pain without a history of hip pathology. There were 44 male patients (34%) and the mean patient age (and standard deviation) was 15 ± 1...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286549/musculoskeletal-complications-following-total-body-irradiation-in-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-patients
#2
REVIEW
Taylor J Jackson, Sogol Mostoufi-Moab, Christine Hill-Kayser, Naomi J Balamuth, Alexandre Arkader
Total body irradiation (TBI) is commonly used in conditioning regimens for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) to treat benign and malignant disease. Though life-saving, these therapies place patients at risk for important side effects, including musculoskeletal complications such as short stature, osteonecrosis, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, and the development of benign and malignant bone tumors. With an increasing number of HSCT survivors, there is a growing need for awareness of the musculoskeletal complications of HSCT and TBI...
December 29, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260700/-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-is-diagnosed-too-late
#3
Anders Elneff Graversen, Niels Wisbech Pedersen, Roland Knudsen
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a serious orthopaedic hip disease in the adolescent population. It has a prevalence of 10.8 per 100.000 children and usually occurs in children 9-16 years of age. Despite focus on delay of the diagnosis, no improvements have been made. An adolescent complaining of stress-related pain in the hip, groin, thigh or knee should be suspected of having SCFE, until an X-ray has excluded this diagnosis. Delayed diagnosis may have serious consequences in terms of further displacement of the femoral head and risk of increased avascular necrosis...
December 11, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250341/results-of-hip-arthroscopy-in-patients-with-mri-diagnosis-of-subchondral-cysts-a-case-series
#4
David E Hartigan, Itay Perets, Leslie C Yuen, Benjamin G Domb
The aim of this article is to examine the results of arthroscopic management of patients with labral pathology who have preoperative magnetic resonance images (MRIs) demonstrating subchondral cysts. This institution's database was searched for patients who underwent hip arthroscopy and had subchondral cysts on MRI and >2-year follow-up. Exclusion criteria included previous hip surgery, Tönnis grade >1, inflammatory arthritis, Perthes, slipped capital femoral epiphysis or abductor repair. Patient-reported outcome (PRO) scores including visual analog scale, modified Harris hip score (mHHS), non-arthritic hip score and hip outcome score sports-specific subscale (HOS-SSS) were gathered preoperatively, at 3 months, and annually thereafter...
December 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212388/good-inter-and-intraobserver-reliability-for-assessment-of-the-slip-angle-in-77-hip-radiographs-of-children-with-a-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#5
Bengt Herngren, Mikael Lindell, Gunnar Hågglund
Background and purpose - The decision on and the outcome of treatment for a slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) depend on the severity of the slip. In 2015, web-based registration was introduced into the Swedish Pediatric Orthopedic Quality (SPOQ) register. To determine whether the inclusion of commonly used methods in Sweden for radiographic measurement of SCFE (the calcar femorale [CF] method and the Billing method) is justified, we measured the inter- and intraobserver reliability of these 2 measurements...
December 6, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210310/outcome-of-pinning-in-patients-with-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-risk-factors-associated-with-avascular-necrosis-chondrolysis-and-femoral-impingement
#6
Alexandru Ulici, Madalina Carp, Iulia Tevanov, Catalin Alexandru Nahoi, Alin Gabriel Sterian, Dan Cosma
Objective This study aimed to assess the principal risk factors that could lead to the most common long-term complications of slipped capital femoral epiphysis, such as avascular necrosis, chondrolysis, and hip impingement. Methods We conducted a single-centre, retrospective study and evaluated patients (70 patients, 81 hips) who were treated for slipped capital femoral epiphysis from 2010 to 2015 and who underwent pinning. We measured the severity of displacement radiologically using the Southwick angle. Postoperative radiographs were evaluated for the most frequent long-term complications of avascular necrosis (AVN), chondrolysis, and femoral acetabular impingement (FAI)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206650/surgical-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-after-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#7
Jamil F Soni, Weverley R Valenza, Chistiano S Uliana
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) post slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) may lead to degenerative changes on the hip. We have reviewed the current procedures in the literature, aiming to correct the SCFE to prevent FAI and the ones that treat FAI post SCFE. RECENT FINDINGS: The trends of managing moderated or severe SCFE is to correct the displacement by reduction and fixation with articular hematoma decompression in unstable hips and Dunn modified procedure even for unstable and stable situations...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192936/outcomes-of-femoral-head-marrow-stimulation-techniques-at-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#8
David E Hartigan, Itay Perets, Edwin O Chaharbakhshi, John P Walsh, Leslie C Yuen, Benjamin G Domb
This study compared patients who underwent femoral head microfracture with a control group of patients who did not require microfracture. Patients had more than 2 years of follow-up. The patient groups had similar demographic and radiographic features, including sex, age within 5 years, body mass index within 5 points, equal Tönnis grade, lateral center edge angle within 5°, labral treatment, and capsular closure vs release. Inclusion criteria were a minimum of 2 years of follow-up, Outerbridge grade IV cartilage damage, and femoral head marrow stimulation technique performed at the time of arthroscopy...
November 30, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181581/evaluation-of-femoral-head-viability-via-bone-scintigraphy-in-the-postoperative-pediatric-patient
#9
Ashishkumar K Parikh, Eleby R Washington, Adam J Bobbey, Stephanie E Spottswood
BACKGROUND: Evaluating postoperative patients with hardware is challenging following surgical intervention for hip maladies such as femoral neck fractures and slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). These children are at increased risk of developing avascular necrosis, and imaging may be requested to confirm or exclude this diagnosis. Children with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease can be monitored for restoration of blood flow to the capital femoral epiphysis to guide management and help with prognosis...
November 27, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172934/early-osteoarthritis-after-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#10
Lukas Helgesson, Peter Kälebo Johansson, Ylva Aurell, Carl-Johan Tiderius, Johan Kärrholm, Jacques Riad
Background and purpose - Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) results in a more or less pronounced deformity of the proximal femur, sometimes causing impingement and early osteoarthritis. We studied early osteoarthritis after SCFE and the association with deformity and self-reported hip function, pain, and quality of life. Patients and methods - 9 women and 16 men, mean age 32 (21-50) years, 19 with unilateral and 6 with bilateral SCFE, participated. All patients had primarily been operated by pin or screw with no attempt at reposition of the slip...
November 27, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124076/clinical-outcomes-of-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-in-patients-with-femoral-retroversion-a-matched-study-to-patients-with-normal-femoral-anteversion
#11
David E Hartigan, Itay Perets, John P Walsh, Edwin O Chaharbakhshi, Leslie C Yuen, Benjamin G Domb
Background: Femoral retroversion has been noted as a possible risk factor for poor clinical results after hip arthroscopic surgery. Purpose: To compare the outcomes of the arthroscopic treatment of hip abnormalities in patients with femoral retroversion to patients with femoral anteversion between 10° and 20°. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: Between November 2011 and September 2013, 790 hip arthroscopic procedures were performed at a single institution...
October 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062815/a-comparison-study-of-radiographic-and-computerized-tomographic-angles-in-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#12
Iberê Pereira Datti, Bruno Sérgio Ferreira Massa, Leandro Ejnisman, Nei Botter Montenegro, Roberto Guarniero, Kodi Edson Kojima
OBJECTIVE: To compare proximal femur radiologic angles in patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis and to analyze whether computerized tomography may modify the treatment. METHODS: Cross-sectional study comparing and analyzing the similarity between angles and radiologic classification of interest in slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). RESULTS: It was observed that the therapeutic management in slipped capital femoral epiphysis might be modified depending on the classification and radiologic acquisition method adopted...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984686/intraobserver-and-interobserver-reliability-of-radiographic-analysis-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-in-adolescents
#13
Michelle C Burke, Christopher Minnock, Christopher B Robbins, Matthew D Abbott, Michelle S Caird, Frances A Farley, Jacob Kirsch, Jared Thomas, Ying Li
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have shown low intrarater and interrater agreement of radiographic classification systems for proximal humerus fractures (PHFs) in adults. There is no standardized method of measuring angulation of pediatric PHFs, nor is there consensus as to the amount of angulation and displacement that require operative fixation of adolescent PHFs. We propose a new standardized method to measure fracture angulation that is similar to the method used to measure the epiphyseal-shaft angle for slipped capital femoral epiphysis...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967534/femoral-head-fracture-similar-to-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-in-an-elderly-woman-with-antecedent-hip-osteoarthritis-after-subchondral-insufficiency-fracture-a-case-report
#14
Shoji Baba, Goro Motomura, Satoshi Ikemura, Kazuhiko Sonoda, Yusuke Kubo, Takeshi Utsunomiya, Hiroyuki Hatanaka, Yasuharu Nakashima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961634/seasonal-variation-in-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-new-findings-using-a-national-children-s-hospital-database
#15
Randall T Loder, Chris A Schneble
BACKGROUND: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) demonstrates seasonal variation in certain latitudes but not others. Is such variation influenced by temperature differences, sunlight exposure and subsequent vitamin D production, or other climate variables? It was the purpose of this study to further investigate the seasonal variation in month of presentation for SCFE. METHODS: Data for this study originated from the Pediatric Hospital Information System for all children with a diagnosis of SCFE from January 1, 2004 through December 31, 2014...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923047/prepubertal-onset-of-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-associated-with-hypothyroidism-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Saori Kadowaki, Tomohiro Hori, Hideki Matsumoto, Kaori Kanda, Michio Ozeki, Yu Shirakami, Norio Kawamoto, Hidenori Ohnishi, Toshiyuki Fukao
BACKGROUND: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a common hip disorder characterized by displacement of the capital femoral epiphysis from the metaphysic through the femoral epiphyseal plate. SCFE usually occurs during puberty, with obesity a common risk factor. We experienced a rare case of SCFE associated with hypothyroidism in a prepubescent patient who was not obese. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was an 8-year-old boy suffering from bilateral SCFE with hypothyroidism...
September 18, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904634/treatment-of-chronic-stable-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-via-surgical-hip-dislocation-with-combined-osteochondroplasty-and-imhauser-osteotomy
#17
J B Erickson, W P Samora, K E Klingele
PURPOSE: Treatment of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), including the modified Dunn procedure, restores anatomy with significant risk for avascular necrosis (AVN), if performed in the setting of moderate to severe, stable SCFE. The Imhauser osteotomy has been shown to be an effective way to correct residual deformity without the risk of AVN. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a combined Imhauser osteotomy and osteochondroplasty, performed via a surgical hip dislocation approach for the acute and delayed treatment of stable SCFE...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866455/gait-deviations-in-transverse-plane-after-scfe-in-dependence-on-the-femoral-offset
#18
S Hummel, D Rosenthal, C Zilkens, H Hefter, R Krauspe, B Westhoff
Residual deformity of the femoral head after slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) may be accompanied by a loss of femoral offset and lead to femoro-acetabular impingement (FAI), especially during hip flexion. It is hypothesized that during phases of the gait cycle, when the hip is flexed, the offset-loss is compensated by an increased external rotation. The gait pattern of 36 patients suffering from SCFE, who were treated by pinning-in-situ, were compared to a control group of 40 healthy adults by an instrumented 3D-gait analysis...
October 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840319/southwick-angle-measurements-and-scfe-slip-severity-classifications-are-affected-by-frog-lateral-positioning
#19
Carly E Jones, Anthony P Cooper, Jonathan Doucette, Lawrence L Buchan, David R Wilson, Kishore Mulpuri, Agnes G d'Entremont
OBJECTIVE: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a hip disorder where the femoral head slips relative to the neck at the physis. Appropriate treatment of SCFE depends on the severity of the slip, commonly categorised using the Southwick (SW) angle. The SW angle is measured in the frog-lateral leg position, which can be painful and potentially unattainable for patients. The purpose of this study is to determine how errors in frog-lateral radiograph positioning affect measured SW angles and slip classifications...
August 24, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831651/treatment-of-stable-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-systematic-review-and-exploratory-patient-level-analysis
#20
H Naseem, S Chatterji, K Tsang, M Hakimi, A Chytas, S Alshryda
BACKGROUND: Several aspects of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) treatment remain controversial. Loder's work has been instrumental in changing our understanding and approach to the management of the condition when he introduced the concept of "slip instability" and showed that avascular necrosis (AVN) developed in 47% of unstable slips but none of the stable slips. As the two types of SCFE behave differently in terms of presentation, progress and complications, we approached them as two different conditions to highlight these differences...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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