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Health services for the elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028567/accessibility-of-prison-healthcare-for-elderly-inmates-a-qualitative-assessment
#1
Raheleh Heidari, Tenzin Wangmo, Serena Galli, David M Shaw, Bernice S Elger
Aging in custody and the rising population of elderly prisoners are creating compelling challenges for criminal justice, prison and public healthcare systems. Geriatric syndrome and higher prevalence of co-morbidities amongst older inmates result in heightened vulnerability in prison environments. Empirical research addressing older adults' access to medical care in detention is scarce; therefore, this study assessed access to medical care in prison from the perspective of older prisoners in Switzerland. We interviewed a sample of 35 older inmates (average age 61 years) on their experience of healthcare accessibility in prison; data were qualitatively analysed and major themes regarding evaluation of their access to medical services were extracted...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027807/annals-express-biochemistry-of-the-menopause
#2
John W Honour
The life of a human female is characterised from teenage years by monthly menstruation which ceases (the menopause) typically between the age of 40 and 60 years. The potential for reproduction declines and ceases as the ovaries become depleted of follicles. A transition period in mid-life, for 2 to 10 years, when menstruation is less regular is called the peri-menopause. The menopause is associated with a significant decline in plasma concentrations of sex hormones, an increase in the concentrations of the gonadotrophins and changes in other hormones such as the inhibins...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019961/the-role-of-the-social-network-in-access-to-psychosocial-services-for-migrant-elderly-a-qualitative-study
#3
Daphne Schoenmakers, Majda Lamkaddem, Jeanine Suurmond
Abstract:Background: Despite high prevalence of mental problems among elderly migrants in The Netherlands, the use of psychosocial care services by this group is low. Scientific evidence points at the crucial role of social support for mental health and the use of psychosocial services. We therefore explored the role of social networks in the access to psychosocial care among elderly migrants in The Netherlands. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured group interviews and individual interviews...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019952/socioeconomic-differences-and-trends-in-the-place-of-death-among-elderly-people-in-china
#4
Jiaoli Cai, Hongzhong Zhao, Peter C Coyte
China is facing a dramatic aging of its population. Little is known about the factors that influence the place of death and the trends in the place of death for elderly people in China. The purposes of this study were: (1) to examine the impact of the socioeconomic status (SES) on place of death for elderly Chinese residents; and (2) to assess temporal trends in the place of death over the last 15 years. Data were derived from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) (1998-2012). Place-of-death as an outcome was dichotomized into either death at home or death outside the home...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017542/financial-burden-of-healthcare-for-cancer-patients-with-social-medical-insurance-a-multi-centered-study-in-urban-china
#5
Wenhui Mao, Shenglan Tang, Ying Zhu, Zening Xie, Wen Chen
BACKGROUND: Cancer accounts for one-fifth of the total deaths in China and brings heavy financial burden to patients and their families. Chinese government has made strong commitment to develop three types of social medical insurance since 1997 and recently, more attempts were invested to provide better financial protection. To analyze health services utilization and financial burden of insured cancer patients, and identify the gaps of financial protection provided by insurance in urban China...
October 10, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994647/factors-influencing-the-initiation-of-smokeless-tobacco-consumption-among-low-socioeconomic-community-in-bangladesh-a-qualitative-investigation
#6
Md Shahjahan, Md Golam Dostogir Harun, A B M Alauddin Chowdhury, Kapil Ahmed, Hafiz T A Khan
This study explored factors influencing the initiation of smokeless tobacco (SLT) consumption in a low socioeconomic urban community in Bangladesh. The study conducted four focus group discussions among 33 informants involves school teachers, community leaders, women, and betel-nut shops owners. The results were prepared by thematic analysis of the transcripts where informants mean age was 30 ( SD ± 6.8) years with varying level of education. Tradition of hospitality, curiosity, offer from an elderly person, and avoiding nausea during pregnancy and at time of quitting smoking were key factors for the initiation of SLT consumption...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992514/profile-of-and-expenditure-on-morbidity-and-hospitalizations-among-elderly-analysis-of-a-nationally-representative-sample-survey-in-india
#7
Kathiresan Jeyashree, Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader, Soundappan Kathirvel, Palanivel Chinnakali, Ajay Kumar Mv
INTRODUCTION: Understanding morbidity pattern and associated expenditure is essential for implementation of appropriate healthcare and social security measures for the elderly. This study aims to assess the proportion of ailing persons (PAP) in the last 15days, the utilization of hospitalization services in the last 365days and the expenditure incurred for hospitalizations among the elderly in India. METHODS: This study analysed data from a nationally representative survey by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) in 2014-15 on 36,480 rural and 29,452 urban households...
September 29, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991084/association-among-obesity-metabolic-health-and-the-risk-for-colorectal-cancer-in-the-general-population-in-korea-using-the-national-health-insurance-service-national-sample-cohort
#8
Cheol Min Shin, Kyungdo Han, Dong Ho Lee, Yoon Jin Choi, Nayoung Kim, Young Soo Park, Hyuk Yoon
BACKGROUND: In Korea, the incidence of colorectal cancer has increased and obesity is on a rising trend because of a Westernized lifestyle in men. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between metabolic health status, as well as BMI, and the incidence of colorectal cancer. DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted with the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort...
November 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990831/the-patient-centered-medical-home-model-healthcare-services-utilization-and-cost-for-non-elderly-adults-with-mental-illness
#9
Jennifer J Bowdoin, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Elaine Puleo, David Keller, Joan Roche
BACKGROUND: The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model is designed to improve health outcomes while containing the cost of care. However, the evidence is inconclusive. AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between receipt of care consistent with the PCMH and healthcare services utilization and expenditures for non-elderly adults with mental illness in the USA. METHOD: A surveillance study was conducted using self-reported data for 6908 non-elderly adults with mental illness participating in the 2007-2012 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990314/female-breast-cancer-management-and-survival-the-experience-of-major-public-hospitals-in-south-australia-over-3-decades-trends-by-age-and-in-the-elderly
#10
David Roder, Gelareh Farshid, Jim Kollias, Bogda Koczwara, Christos Karapetis, Jacqui Adams, Rohit Joshi, Dorothy Keefe, Caroline Miller, Kate Powell, Kellie Fusco, Marion Eckert, Elizabeth Buckley, Kerri Beckmann, Timothy Price
BACKGROUND: Clinical registry data from major South Australian public hospitals were used to investigate trends in invasive breast-cancer treatment and survival by age. METHODS: Disease-specific survival was calculated for the 1980 to 2013 diagnostic period using Kaplan-Meier product-limit estimates, with a censoring of live cases on December 31, 2014. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to examine differences in survival by age and tumour characteristic...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989858/assessment-of-personal-care-and-medical-robots-from-older-adults-perspective
#11
REVIEW
K M Goher, N Mansouri, S O Fadlallah
Demographic reports indicate that population of older adults is growing significantly over the world and in particular in developed nations. Consequently, there are a noticeable number of demands for certain services such as health-care systems and assistive medical robots and devices. In today's world, different types of robots play substantial roles specifically in medical sector to facilitate human life, especially older adults. Assistive medical robots and devices are created in various designs to fulfill specific needs of older adults...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979107/cognitive-impairment-associated-with-locomotive-syndrome-in-community-dwelling-elderly-women-in-japan
#12
Misa Nakamura, Fumie Tazaki, Kazuki Nomura, Taeko Takano, Masashi Hashimoto, Hiroshi Hashizume, Ichiro Kamei
In our worldwide aging society, elderly people should maintain cognitive and physical function to help avoid health problems. Dementia is a major brain disease among elderly people, and is caused by cognitive impairment. The locomotive syndrome (LS) refers to a condition in which people require healthcare services because of problems associated with locomotion. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between cognitive impairment and LS. Study participants were 142 healthy elderly female volunteers living in a rural area in Japan...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976824/investigating-factors-affecting-elderly-s-intention-to-use-m-health-services-an-empirical-study
#13
G M Azmal Ali Quaosar, Md Rakibul Hoque, Yukun Bao
BACKGROUND: m-Health as an important part of e-health has recently become one of the most influential initiative in healthcare sector all over the world. In developing countries healthcare service providers started to provide m-health services from the last few years. Despite the widespread acceptance of mobile phones, the adoption of m-health among elderly is significantly low in developing countries. However, little research has been conducted to explore factors influencing elderly's intention to use m-health services particularly in developing countries...
October 4, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971433/smart-health-caring-home-a-systematic-review-of-smart-home-care-for-elders-and-chronic-disease-patients
#14
Marina Moraitou, Adamantia Pateli, Sotiris Fotiou
As access to health care is important to people's health especially for vulnerable groups that need nursing for a long period of time, new studies in the human sciences argue that the health of the population depend less on the quality of the health care, or on the amount of spending that goes into health care, and more heavily on the quality of everyday life. Smart home applications are designed to "sense" and monitor the health conditions of its residents through the use of a wide range of technological components (motion sensors, video cameras, wearable devices etc...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971413/performance-management-in-healthcare-organizations-concept-and-practicum
#15
Panagiotis E Dimitropoulos
Organizational performance can create and sustain competitive advantages for corporations and even improve their sustainability and future prospects. Health care organizations present a sector where performance management is structured by multiple dimensions. The scope of this study is to analyze the issue of performance management in healthcare organizations and specifically the implementation of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) methodology on organizations providing health services. The study provides a discussion on the BSC development process, the steps that management has to take in order to prepare the implementation of the BSC and finally discusses a practical example of a scorecard with specific strategic goals and performance indicators...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970549/risk-factors-for-unintentional-injuries-among-the-rural-elderly-a-county-based-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Hongping Zhang, Feng Wei, Mo Han, Jianquan Chen, Songxu Peng, Yukai Du
This study aimed to provide evidence for the prevention and reduction of unintentional injuries in the rural elderly by analysing epidemiological data of injuries among rural older adults (65(+)) and identifying the involved risk and protective factors. This study analysed all information, including the social demographic characteristics, chronic disease condition, lifestyle, living environment, mental health, activities of daily living and detailed information about the nature of the injuries. Chi-square tests, rank tests and a multivariate logistic regression were performed...
October 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970439/pharmacist-intervention-program-at-different-rent-levels-of-geriatric-healthcare
#17
Conxita Mestres, Anna Agustí, Marta Hernandez, Laura Puerta, Blanca Llagostera
As a pharmacy service giving pharmaceutical care at different levels of health care for elderly people, we needed a standardization procedure for recording and evaluating pharmacists' interventions. Our objective was to homogenize pharmacist interventions; to know physicians' acceptance of our recommendations, as well as the most prevalent drug related problems (DRP); and the impact of the pharmacists' interventions. To achieve this goal we conducted a one year prospective study at two levels of health care: 176 nursing homes (EAR) (8828 patients) and 2 long-term and subacute care hospitals (HSS) (268 beds)...
May 19, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970435/introducing-pharmaceutical-care-to-primary-care-in-iceland-an-action-research-study
#18
Anna Bryndis Blondal, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong, Anna Birna Almarsdottir
Even though pharmaceutical care is not a new concept in pharmacy, its introduction and development has proved to be challenging. In Iceland, general practitioners are not familiar with pharmaceutical care and additionally no such service is offered in pharmacies or primary care settings. Introducing pharmaceutical care in primary care in Iceland is making great efforts to follow other countries, which are bringing the pharmacist more into patient care. General practitioners are key stakeholders in this endeavor...
April 26, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970040/-the-private-pediatrician-in-the-clinical-care-pathway-for-children-affected-by-specific-learning-disorders-in-france
#19
T-N Willig, J P Blanc, R Assathiany
The clinical care pathway for children presenting specific learning disorders, including language, motor coordination, and attention disorders is based on different levels of assessment by the professionals involved. In France, a first step of organization was established in 2002 by founding of a network of structures devoted to clinical assessment of complex cases, research, and teaching for the professionals involved. Although this organization proved to contribute an essential service, the demand largely exceeded the availability of access...
September 29, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969173/pattern-of-ocular-morbidity-in-the-elderly-population-of-northern-india
#20
Vibha Florence Baldev, Rupali Chopra, Nitin Batra, Shavinder Singh
INTRODUCTION: The frequency of eye diseases has been suggested to start increasing around 40 years of age, with an even steeper increase beginning around 60 years of age. Health promotions and curative and rehabilitative services for the visually impaired elderly population should therefore be a priority in the coming years especially in low and middle income countries. AIM: To examine the changing pattern of ocular morbidity in the elderly population of Northern India and to determine the socioeconomic status in relation to ocular morbidities...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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