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Health services for the elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093379/the-epital-care-model-a-new-person-centered-model-of-technology-enabled-integrated-care-for-people-with-long-term-conditions
#1
Klaus Phanareth, Søren Vingtoft, Anders Skovbo Christensen, Jakob Sylvest Nielsen, Jørgen Svenstrup, Gro Karine Rosvold Berntsen, Stanton Peter Newman, Lars Kayser
BACKGROUND: There is worldwide recognition that the future provision of health care requires a reorganization of provision of care, with increased empowerment and engagement of patients, along with skilled health professionals delivering services that are coordinated across sectors and organizations that provide health care. Technology may be a way to enable the creation of a coherent, cocreative, person-centered method to provide health care for individuals with one or more long-term conditions (LTCs)...
January 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089404/the-schhs-hip-fracture-clinical-network-experience-improving-care-and-outcomes-through-an-interprofessional-approach
#2
Gillian Puckeridge, Morné Terblanche, Debbie Massey
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures are a major global health care issue, with the 1.26 million estimated cases in 1990 predicted to increase to 4.5 million by 2050. Varying models of care have been developed to improve outcomes following fragility hip fractures. Most of these care models embrace an interprofessional approach to care. Specialist orthopedic nurses play an important role in the management of fragility hip fracture patients and their contribution to the interprofessional health care team is an important predictor of patient outcomes...
December 18, 2016: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088166/impact-of-home-care-versus-alternative-locations-of-care-on-elder-health-outcomes-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#3
Laura Boland, France Légaré, Maria Margarita Becerra Perez, Matthew Menear, Mirjam Marjolein Garvelink, Daniel I McIsaac, Geneviève Painchaud Guérard, Julie Emond, Nathalie Brière, Dawn Stacey
BACKGROUND: Many elders struggle with the decision to remain at home or to move to an alternative location of care. A person's location of care can influence health and wellbeing. Healthcare organizations and policy makers are increasingly challenged to better support elders' dwelling and health care needs. A summary of the evidence that examines home care compared to other care locations can inform decision making. We surveyed and summarized the evidence evaluating the impact of home care versus alternative locations of care on elder health outcomes...
January 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069045/improving-nursing-home-care-through-feedback-on-performance-data-inform-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#4
Matthias Hoben, Peter G Norton, Liane R Ginsburg, Ruth A Anderson, Greta G Cummings, Holly J Lanham, Janet E Squires, Deanne Taylor, Adrian S Wagg, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback is effective in improving the quality of care. However, methods and results of international studies are heterogeneous, and studies have been criticized for a lack of systematic use of theory. In TREC (Translating Research in Elder Care), a longitudinal health services research program, we collect comprehensive data from care providers and residents in Canadian nursing homes to improve quality of care and life of residents, and quality of worklife of caregivers...
January 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068988/disability-support-and-long-term-social-care-of-an-elderly-spanish-population-2008-2009-an-epidemiologic-analysis
#5
J Almazán-Isla, M Comín-Comín, E Alcalde-Cabero, C Ruiz, E Franco, R Magallón, J Damián, J de Pedro-Cuesta, L A Larrosa-Montañes
BACKGROUND: Though poorly known, relationships between disability, need of help (dependency) and use of social services are crucial aspects of public health. The objective of this study was to describe the links between disability, officially assessed dependency, and social service use by an industrial population, and identify areas of inequity. METHODS: We took advantage of a door-to-door survey conducted in the Cinco Villas district, Spain, in 2008-2009, which provided data on disability, morbidity, and service use among 1216 residents aged ≥50 years, and officially assessed dependency under the 2006 Dependency Act (OAD)...
January 9, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065635/meals-enhancing-nutrition-after-discharge-findings-from-a-pilot-randomized-controlled%C3%A2-trial
#6
David R Buys, Anthony D Campbell, Alice Godfryd, Kellie Flood, Elizabeth Kitchin, Meredith L Kilgore, Sally Allocca, Julie L Locher
BACKGROUND: After older adults experience episodes of poor health or are hospitalized, they may not return to premorbid or prehospitalization eating behaviors. Furthermore, poor nutrition increases hospital readmission risk, but evidence-based interventions addressing these risks are limited. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study's objective was to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial assessing a post-discharge home-delivered meal program's impact on older adults' nutritional intake and hospital readmissions and to assess patient acceptability and satisfaction with the program...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062982/psychiatric-comorbidities-among-breast-cancer-survivors-in-south-korea-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#7
Jaesung Heo, Mison Chun, Young-Taek Oh, O Kyu Noh, Logyoung Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of mental disorders in breast cancer survivors using claims data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service in South Korea. We also analyzed patterns of mental disorders with respect to the time of diagnosis and age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We confirmed mental disorders in a nationwide cohort of 87,843 people who were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer and underwent surgery between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2014...
January 7, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056392/trends-of-classification-incidence-mortality-and-survival-of-mds-patients-in-switzerland-between-2001-and-2012
#8
Nicolas Bonadies, Anita Feller, Alicia Rovo, Axel Ruefer, Sabine Blum, Bernhard Gerber, Georg Stuessi, Rudolf Benz, Nathan Cantoni, Andreas Holbro, Adrian Schmidt, Thomas Lehmann, C Matthias Wilk, Volker Arndt
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are emerging disorders of the elderly with an increasing burden on healthcare systems. He we report on the first population-based, epidemiological analysis of patients diagnosed with MDS in Switzerland between 2001 and 2012. The aim of this study was to characterize the extent and limitations of currently available population-based, epidemiological data and formulate recommendations for future health services research. The investigated outcomes comprised trends of annual case frequency, classification of morphological subtypes, incidence, mortality and survival...
January 2, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056068/the-association-between-polypharmacy-and-dementia-a-nested-case-control-study-based-on-a-12-year-longitudinal-cohort-database-in-south-korea
#9
Hae-Young Park, Ji-Won Park, Hong Ji Song, Hyun Soon Sohn, Jin-Won Kwon
Dementia is a major concern among growing chronic diseases in the aging society and its association with polypharmacy has not been adequately assessed. The objective of this study was to determine the association between polypharmacy and dementia through multiple statistical approaches. We conducted a nested case-control study for newly diagnosed dementia cases using the South Korean National Health Insurance Service sample cohort database (2002-2013, n = 1,025,340). Interactions between polypharmacy (an average use of ≥5 prescription drugs daily) and comorbidities or potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) were tested...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042891/screening-tools-for-identification-of-elder-abuse-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Chiara Gallione, Alberto Dal Molin, FabioV B Cristina, Hilary Ferns, Mark Mattioli, Barbara Suardi
BACKGROUND: The mistreatment of older people represents a widespread problem, with exponential growth risk, especially considering the progressive ageing of the world population. It could have serious consequences for the victim's health if not recognised early, denounced and stopped. Abuse is often undetected by service providers because there is a lack of awareness surrounding the magnitude of the problem. Education and formal training in the signs of abuse are also generally poorly developed, as are reporting procedures which would lead to further investigation...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035296/projections-of-demand-for-cardiovascular-surgery-and-supply-of-surgeons
#11
Jung Jeung Lee, Nam Hee Park, Kun Sei Lee, Hyun Keun Chee, Sung Bo Sim, Myo Jeong Kim, Ji Suk Choi, Myunghwa Kim, Choon Seon Park
BACKGROUND: While demand for cardiovascular surgery is expected to increase gradually along with the rapid increase in cardiovascular diseases with respect to the aging population, the supply of thoracic and cardiovascular surgeons has been continuously decreasing over the past 10 years. Consequently, this study aims to achieve guidance in establishing health care policy by analyzing the supply and demand for cardiovascular surgeries in the medical service area of Korea. METHODS: After investigating the actual number of cardiovascular surgeries performed using the National Health Insurance claim data of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, as well as drawing from national statistics concerning the elderly population aged 65 and over, this study estimated the number of future cardiovascular surgeries by using a cell-based model...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034409/visualizing-the-knowledge-structure-and-evolution-of-big-data-research-in-healthcare-informatics
#12
REVIEW
Dongxiao Gu, Jingjing Li, Xingguo Li, Changyong Liang
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the literature associated with healthcare big data has grown rapidly, but few studies have used bibliometrics and a visualization approach to conduct deep mining and reveal a panorama of the healthcare big data field. METHODS: To explore the foundational knowledge and research hotspots of big data research in the field of healthcare informatics, this study conducted a series of bibliometric analyses on the related literature, including papers' production trends in the field and the trend of each paper's co-author number, the distribution of core institutions and countries, the core literature distribution, the related information of prolific authors and innovation paths in the field, a keyword co-occurrence analysis, and research hotspots and trends for the future...
February 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028585/effects-of-a-primary-care-intervention-to-improve-the-quality-of-zolpidem-prescriptions-in-elderly-patients
#13
Rocío López-Sepúlveda, María Ángeles García Lirola, Esther Espínola García, Salvadora Martín Sances, Sonia Anaya Ordóñez, José María Jurado Martínez, José Cabeza Barrera
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to measure the impact of an intervention on the prescription habits of general practitioners (GPs) in order to improve the quality of zolpidem prescriptions in patients aged 75 or older. METHODS: A prospective multicentric non-randomized trial was performed in the Metropolitan Granada Primary Healthcare Area (Andalusian Public Healthcare Service, Spain), which serves a total population of approximately 675,000 inhabitants...
December 27, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026728/-influence-of-the-weather-on-the-incidence-of-fractures-in-the-elderly
#14
F Burget, O Foltán, J Kraus, K Kudrna, M Novák, J Ulrych
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The incidence of geriatric fractures (proximal femur, distal radius, proximal humerus and thoracolumbar spine injuries) in the population increases with ageing. However, the role of weather conditions, such as icy and slippery winter, should not be overlooked. A deeper insight into this relationship may bring about a better understanding of the fracture aetiology and thus allow for improvement in the prevention of fractures in elderly people. MATERIAL AND METHODS This prospective study included 676 patients (469 women and 207 men) aged 65 and over...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024862/perceived-urban-neighborhood-environment-for-physical-activity-of-older-adults-in-seoul-korea-a-multimethod-qualitative-study
#15
Seunghyun Yoo, Dong Ha Kim
This study assessed the attributes of a perceived urban neighborhood environment for the physical activity (PA) of older adults by applying a qualitative multimethod approach to collect both descriptive and spatial information. Conducted in a northern community of Seoul, Korea, from April 2014 to November 2015, data collection methods included 90 walking tours by researchers, 46 face-to-face, semi-structured interviews combined with qualitative mapping with senior residents aged 65+, 19 guided tours with the interviewees, and 3 focus groups with 12 community service providers...
December 24, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009623/electroconvulsive-therapy-ect-and-race-a-report-of-ect-use-and-sociodemographic-trends-in-texas
#16
Julie Williams, Lawrence Chiu, Robin Livingston
OBJECTIVES: Minimal research on race and other sociodemographic disparities in patients receiving electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) exists. One previously noted national trend reveals whites receiving ECT disproportionately more than other races. The aim of this study is to determine whether a county ECT program demonstrates similar disparities observed at the state and national levels. METHODS: This study examined 21 years of ECT data, between 1993 and 2014, provided by the Texas Department of State Health Services, focusing on race, sex, age, and payer source and 2...
December 21, 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007583/towards-a-privacy-preserving-cohort-discovery-framework-for-clinical-research-networks
#17
Jiawei Yuan, Bradley Malin, François Modave, Yi Guo, William R Hogan, Elizabeth Shenkman, Jiang Bian
BACKGROUND: The last few years have witnessed an increasing number of clinical research networks (CRNs) focused on building large collections of data from electronic health records (EHRs), claims, and patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Many of these CRNs provide a service for the discovery of research cohorts with various health conditions, which is especially useful for rare diseases. Supporting patient privacy can enhance the scalability and efficiency of such processes; however, current practice mainly relies on policy, such as guidelines defined in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), which are insufficient for CRNs (e...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997259/a-new-comprehensive-model-for-continuous-professional-development
#18
Niels Kristian Kjaer, Marianne Vedsted, James Høpner
BACKGROUND: It is generally agreed that continuing professional development (CPD) for GPs is important for quality of care. Internationally, however, different approaches to identify the learning objectives and the CPD content have been chosen. OBJECTIVES: To improve GPs' CPD in Denmark we explore how general practitioners' (GPs) self-experienced learning needs can be combined with learning needs experienced from a societal perspective and still make sense for GPs...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995225/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-care-model-in-china
#19
Jian Liu, Shan Shan Zhang, Shu Guo Zheng, Tao Xu, Yan Si
OBJECTIVE: To review the current oral health status and oral health care models in China in an effort to provide recommendations for the future implementation of these models. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted. The Medline, EMBASE, CNKI and Wanfang databases were searched for English and Chinese articles reporting relevant data from 1949 to the present. Data from three national oral health epidemiology surveys, Chinese government reports and national statistics yearbooks from 2011 to 2015 were also included...
2016: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990752/risk-for-hip-fracture-due-to-alpha-blocker-treatment-in-korean-women-national-health-insurance-database-study
#20
Gi H Seo, Sung R Shim, Hwan W Lee, Jin H Kim, Dong-Il Chun, Hyun J Kim, Hyun Y Lee, Jae H Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the risk for hip fracture associated with adverse drug reactions caused by α1-adrenergic (alpha) blockers to treat female voiding dysfunction. METHODS: Information from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2012 was used. Hip fracture women patients who received a prescription for an alpha blocker due to voiding dysfunction were the cases. A 30-day hazard period after administration of an alpha blocker was set...
December 19, 2016: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
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