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Pediatrics, obstetrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876427/geographical-distribution-of-medical-graduates-from-a-public-university
#1
Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Maria Helena Senger, Lucas Braga, Rafael Lacerda, Marlon Filippo, Fernando Colugnati, Danette McKinley, Eliana Amaral
Objective: To evaluate the geographic distribution and career trajectory of medical graduates and the factors associated with their choice of practice location. Method: A cross-sectional study involving graduates from December 2001 to December 2010 was conducted. A self-administered questionnaire collected demographics and geographic information (place of birth, place of residence at the time of medical school admission, place of residency training and practice location), and reason for choosing the current location...
June 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859210/oral-desensitization-to-penicillin-for-the-treatment-of-pregnant-women-with-syphilis-a-successful-program
#2
Jéssica Dallé, Mauro Cunha Ramos, Mirela Foresti Jimenez, Fernanda Garcia Escobar, Vicente Sperb Antonello
Gestational syphilis is a prevalent disease in Brazil and other low and medium income countries. Desensitization to penicillin is recommended for pregnant women with syphilis who are allergic to β-lactams. This is a descriptive study utilizing outpatient medical records from 2011 to 2015 from a mother and child hospital that is part of the national healthcare system in the South of Brazil, which performs an average of 3,600 birth assistances per year. All cases of pregnant women with syphilis and presumptive diagnosis of β-lactam allergy during the study period were included...
August 31, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843515/estimating-tanzania-s-national-met-and-unmet-blood-demand-from-a-survey-of-a-representative-sample-of-hospitals
#3
REVIEW
Bakary Drammeh, Anindya De, Naomi Bock, Sonal Pathak, Abdu Juma, Regina Kutaga, Mwanakheir Mahmoud, Dunstan Haule, Senga Sembucha, Karen Chang, Efespa Nkya, Matthew Kuehnert, Anthony A Marfin
Estimating blood demand to determine collection goals challenges many low-income countries. We sampled Tanzanian hospitals to estimate national blood demand. A representative sample based on probability proportional to size sampling of 42 of 273 (15%) Tanzanian transfusing hospitals was selected. Blood bank registers, patient medical records, and blood component disposition records were reviewed prospectively from June to September 2013 to determine the number of components requested and the number and proportion issued, not issued due to nonavailability, and not issued for other reasons...
July 21, 2017: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834845/primary-care-residents-in-teaching-health-centers-their-intentions-to-practice-in-underserved-settings-after-residency-training
#4
Zohray Talib, Mariellen Malloy Jewers, Julia H Strasser, David K Popiel, Debora Goetz Goldberg, Candice Chen, Hayden Kepley, Fitzhugh Mullan, Marsha Regenstein
PURPOSE: To describe the residents who chose to train in teaching health centers (THCs), which are community-based ambulatory patient care sites that sponsor primary care residencies, and their intentions to practice in underserved settings. METHOD: The authors surveyed all THC residents training in academic years 2013-2014, 2014-2015, and 2015-2016, comparing their demographic characteristics with data available for residents nationally, and examined THC residents' intentions to practice in underserved settings using logistic regression analysis...
August 22, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813762/the-impact-of-a-rural-training-track-on-medical-students-specialty-choice
#5
Brooke Jensen, Susan M Anderson, Edward Simanton
BACKGROUND: Compare the expectations and outcomes of students involved in rural medical training versus those of urban trainees. METHODS: Survey items relating to primary care interest were added to program evaluation surveys already being sent at the beginning and end of the primary clinical year. Students from the graduating class of 2016 and the class of 2017 responded to the surveys (N=115). Responses from students trained in rural sites were compared with students trained in medium or large communities...
June 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806579/access-to-emergency-care-services-a-transversal-ecological-study-about-brazilian-emergency-health-care-network
#6
T A H Rocha, N C da Silva, P V Amaral, A C Q Barbosa, J V M Rocha, V Alvares, D G de Almeida, E Thumé, E B A F Thomaz, R C de Sousa Queiroz, M R de Souza, A Lein, N Toomey, C A Staton, J R N Vissoci, L A Facchini
OBJECTIVES: Studies of health geography are important in the planning and allocation of emergency health services. The geographical distribution of health facilities is an important factor in timely and quality access to emergency services; therefore, the present study analyzed the emergency health care network in Brazil, focusing the analysis at the roles of small hospitals (SHs). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional ecological study. METHODS: Data were collected from 9429 hospitals of which 3524 were SHs and 5905 were high-complexity centers (HCCs)...
August 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795915/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#7
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
Background Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. Objective To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. Design We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759264/breastfeeding-education-and-support-services-provided-to-family-medicine-and-obstetrics-gynecology-residents
#8
Elizabeth Rodriguez Lien, Karen Shattuck
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding education is known to be insufficient in pediatric (PEDS) training and is, in part, responsible for suboptimal rates of breastfeeding. No recent studies about the level of education provided to family medicine (FM) and obstetrics-gynecology (OB) residency trainees are available. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate breastfeeding education and support services provided to FM and OB residents in the United States. The results were compared with a 2011 study of PEDS residents...
July 31, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751846/consensus-document-of-the-italian-association-of-hospital-cardiologists-anmco-italian-society-of-pediatric-cardiology-sicp-and-italian-society-of-gynaecologists-and-obstetrics-sigo-pregnancy-and-congenital-heart-diseases
#9
Innocenzo Bianca, Giovanna Geraci, Michele Massimo Gulizia, Gabriele Egidy Assenza, Chiara Barone, Marcello Campisi, Annalisa Alaimo, Rachele Adorisio, Francesca Comoglio, Silvia Favilli, Gabriella Agnoletti, Maria Gabriella Carmina, Massimo Chessa, Berardo Sarubbi, Maurizio Mongiovì, Maria Giovanna Russo, Sebastiano Bianca, Giuseppe Canzone, Marco Bonvicini, Elsa Viora, Marco Poli
The success of cardiac surgery over the past 50 years has increased numbers and median age of survivors with congenital heart disease (CHD). Adults now represent two-thirds of patients with CHD; in the USA alone the number is estimated to exceed 1 million. In this population, many affected women reach reproductive age and wish to have children. While in many CHD patients pregnancy can be accomplished successfully, some special situations with complex anatomy, iatrogenic or residual pathology are associated with an increased risk of severe maternal and fetal complications...
May 2017: European Heart Journal Supplements: Journal of the European Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742676/committee-opinion-no-711-opioid-use-and-opioid-use-disorder-in-pregnancy
#10
(no author information available yet)
Opioid use in pregnancy has escalated dramatically in recent years, paralleling the epidemic observed in the general population. To combat the opioid epidemic, all health care providers need to take an active role. Pregnancy provides an important opportunity to identify and treat women with substance use disorders. Substance use disorders affect women across all racial and ethnic groups and all socioeconomic groups, and affect women in rural, urban, and suburban populations. Therefore, it is essential that screening be universal...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742670/committee-opinion-no-711-summary-opioid-use-and-opioid-use-disorder-in-pregnancy
#11
(no author information available yet)
Opioid use in pregnancy has escalated dramatically in recent years, paralleling the epidemic observed in the general population. To combat the opioid epidemic, all health care providers need to take an active role. Pregnancy provides an important opportunity to identify and treat women with substance use disorders. Substance use disorders affect women across all racial and ethnic groups and all socioeconomic groups, and affect women in rural, urban, and suburban populations. Therefore, it is essential that screening be universal...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739361/gender-affects-long-term-neurological%C3%A2-outcome-of-neonates
#12
Amir Freud, Eyal Sheiner, Tamar Wainstock, Daniella Landau, Asnat Walfisch
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the possible association between fetal gender and long-term pediatric neurological morbidity. METHODS: We performed a population-based retrospective cohort analysis comparing the risk of long-term neurological morbidity (up to age 18 years) of children born during the years 1991 to 2013 according to their gender. Neurological morbidity evaluated included hospitalizations in childhood involving pervasive developmental disorder, obstructive sleep apnea, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and infantile spasms and disorders of eating as recorded in the hospital files...
September 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688642/why-do-patients-receive-care-from-a-short-term-medical-mission-survey-study-from-rural-guatemala
#13
Micaela M Esquivel, Joy C Chen, Russell K Woo, Nora Siegler, Francisco A Maldonado-Sifuentes, Jehidy S Carlos-Ochoa, Andy R Cardona-Diaz, Tarsicio Uribe-Leitz, Dennis Siegler, Thomas G Weiser, George P Yang
BACKGROUND: Hospital de la Familia was established to serve the indigent population in the western highlands of Guatemala and has a full-time staff of Guatemalan primary care providers supplemented by short-term missions of surgical specialists. The reasons for patients seeking surgical care in this setting, as opposed to more consistent care from local institutions, are unclear. We sought to better understand motivations of patients seeking mission-based surgical care. METHODS: Patients presenting to the obstetric and gynecologic, plastic, ophthalmologic, general, and pediatric surgical clinics at the Hospital de la Familia from July 27 to August 6, 2015 were surveyed...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685719/motivations-and-training-needs-of-general-practitioner-preceptors
#14
Wen Ren, Nulanbieke Hasenbieke, Ying Liu, Yan Qiu, Zhao-Nong Zhou, Xiao-Yan Mao, Jing-Jing Ren
BACKGROUND: General practitioner (GP) preceptors play an important role in the cultivation of GPs. Many problems exist in the training of GP preceptors. This study aimed to explore the willingness and training needs of GP preceptors and compare the differences between preceptors from general practice and other specialties. METHODS: A total of 375 questionnaire forms were sent to 375 GP preceptors from 11 different provinces, and 344 completed forms were returned...
July 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663283/t-piece-versus-self-inflating-bag-ventilation-in-preterm-neonates-at-birth
#15
Ruth Guinsburg, Maria Fernanda Branco de Almeida, Junia Sampel de Castro, Walusa Assad Gonçalves-Ferri, Patricia Franco Marques, Jamil Pedro Siqueira Caldas, Vera Lucia Jornada Krebs, Ligia Maria Suppo de Souza Rugolo, João Henrique Carvalho Leme de Almeida, Jorge Hecker Luz, Renato S Procianoy, José Luiz Muniz Bandeira Duarte, Marcia Gomes Penido, Daniela Marques de Lima Mota Ferreira, Navantino Alves Filho, Edna Maria de Albuquerque Diniz, Juliana Paula Santos, Ana Lucia Acquesta, Cristina Nunes Dos Santos, Maria Rafaela Conde Gonzalez, Regina Pg Vieira Cavalcanti da Silva, Jucile Meneses, José Maria de Andrade Lopes, Franciscó Eulógio Martinez
OBJECTIVE: To verify whether the use of the T-piece resuscitator compared with the self-inflating bag in preterm infants ventilated at birth modifies survival to hospital discharge without major morbidities. DESIGN: Pragmatic prospective cohort study. SETTING: 20 Brazilian university hospitals of Brazilian Network on Neonatal Research. Patients were 1962 inborn infants in 2014-2015 ventilated at birth with 23-33' weeks gestation and birth weight 400-1499 g without malformations...
June 29, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647929/vitamin-d-status-among-israeli-medical-residents
#16
Hadar Moran-Lev, Dror Mandel, Yosef Weisman, Amit Ovental, Ronit Lubetzky
BACKGROUND: Israel is a country with a sunny climate; however, vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are common findings in certain populations whose exposure to sunlight is limited. Medical residency is known for long indoor working hours, thus theoretically limiting the opportunities for sun exposure. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the vitamin D status among residents in a single medical center in Tel Aviv is below the normal range. METHODS: Forty-six residents (28 females, 18 males, average age 33...
June 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617430/physician-views-regarding-the-benefits-and-burdens-of-prenatal-surgery-for-myelomeningocele
#17
R M Antiel, C A Collura, A W Flake, M P Johnson, N E Rintoul, J D Lantos, F A Curlin, J C Tilburt, S D Brown, C Feudtner
OBJECTIVE: Examine how pediatric and obstetrical subspecialists view benefits and burdens of prenatal myelomeningocele (MMC) closure. STUDY DESIGN: Mail survey of 1200 neonatologists, pediatric surgeons and maternal-fetal medicine specialists (MFMs). RESULTS: Of 1176 eligible physicians, 670 (57%) responded. Most respondents disagreed (68%, 11% strongly) that open fetal surgery places an unacceptable burden on women and their families. Most agreed (65%, 10% strongly) that denying the benefits of open maternal-fetal surgery is unfair to the future child...
September 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617151/lithium-exposure-during-pregnancy-outcomes-for-women-who-attended-a-specialist-antenatal-clinic
#18
Jacqueline Frayne, Thinh Nguyen, Tabitha Mok, Yvonne Hauck, Helena Liira
INTRODUCTION: Lithium treatment in pregnancy represents a significant dilemma for women and treating health professionals alike. The complexity of risk-benefit analysis is impacted by limited information. METHODS: A cohort study of 33 women with severe mental illness, who were prescribed lithium at any time during the pregnancy, and gave birth between December 2007 and January 2015 at a specialist antenatal clinic in Western Australia. A descriptive comparison for women who continued lithium throughout pregnancy, and those who ceased on discovery of pregnancy was undertaken examining demographic, obstetric, neonatal and psychiatric variables...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608354/-presumed-perinatal-ischemic-stroke-risk-factors-and-clinical-and-radiological-findings
#19
N Villora-Morcillo, C Cordero-Castro, M Berenguer-Potenciano, J I Rodriguez-Martin, L Lucendo-Jimenez, A Camacho-Salas
INTRODUCTION: Presumed perinatal ischemic stroke is a frequent cause of neurological sequelae. We aimed to describe the different clinical findings and risk factors and to analyse the differences according the vascular origin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive study of patients diagnosed with presumed perinatal ischemic stroke attended at a tertiary pediatric hospital from 1990 to 2015. RESULTS: 44 patients were included. A total of 24 patients (55%) had arterial ischemic stroke and 20 (45%) had periventricular venous infarction...
June 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561211/-increasing-consumption-of-crystal-meth-in-saxony-and-its-risks-for-mother-and-child-experiences-at-a-level-i-perinatal-center-from-a-pediatric-viewpoint
#20
Jürgen Dinger, Nicole Näther, Pauline Wimberger, Ulrich S Zimmermann, Jochen Schmitt, Jörg Reichert, Mario Rüdiger
Over the past several years, the number of first-time users of methamphetamine considerably increased within the Free State of Saxony. This number also, and especially, includes women of child-bearing age and young mothers. A supportive intervention aimed at reducing the effects of drug abuse should begin in a timely way - during pregnancy at latest, but better before it. To develop an optimal care protocol for both the mother and her child, more knowledge regarding the personal conditions of the women as well as the specific features of later child development after prenatal methamphetamine exposure (PME) is vital...
April 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
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