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Nilton Salles Rosa Neto, Giancarla Gauditano, Natalino Hajime Yoshinari
The Brazilian human borreliosis, also known as Baggio-Yoshinari Syndrome (BYS), is a tickborne disease but whose ticks do not pertain to the Ixodes ricinus complex. It is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato microorganisms and resembles clinical and laboratory features of Lyme disease (LD). BYS is also distinguished from LD by its prolonged clinical evolution, with relapsing episodes and autoimmune dysfunction. We describe the case of a young female who, over one year, progressively presented with oligoarthritis, cognitive impairment, menigoencephalitis and erythema nodosum...
March 2014: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Mohammad Hossein Maleki, Zamberi Sekawi, Setareh Soroush, Farid Azizi-Jalilian, Khairollah Asadollahi, Sattar Mohammadi, Mohammad Emaneini, Morovat Taherikalani
OBJECTIVE(S): To date, the most important genes responsible for tetracycline resistance among Acinetobacter baumannii isolates have been identified as tet A and tet B. This study was carried out to determine the rate of resistance to tetracycline and related antibiotics, and mechanisms of resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the years 2010 and 2011, a total of 100 A. baumannii isolates were recovered from patients in different hospitals of Tehran, Iran. Antimicrobial susceptibility to tetracycline, minocycline, doxicycline and tigecycline was evaluated by E-test...
January 2014: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Amarnath Shenoy, Ahmaduddin, Nagesh Bolla, Sarath Raj, Pragna Mandava, Shruti Nayak
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of final rinsing solution on smear layer removal through penetrability of the root canal sealer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Each of the 30 teeth selected was decoronated and the root length standardized at 16 mm measured from the apex of the tooth to the cementoenamel junction (CEJ). A size 10-k file was used and working length was determined by subtracting 1mm from the measured length so that the length of the sample was 15mm. A combination of step back and crown down technique was done and apical portion was prepared till H-file no...
January 2014: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Maija Hytönen, Johanna Nokso-Koivisto, Pentti Huovinen, Eero Ilkko, Jukkapekka Jousimaa, Juho Kivistö, Matti Korppi, Helena Liira, Antti Malmivaara, Jura Numminen, Tapio Pirilä
Patients with common cold have often symptoms similar to sinusitis. These symptoms often resolve in time, but symptomatic treatment (e.g. analgesics, decongestants) may be used. If symptoms continue for over 10 days, or severe symptoms continue for over 3 days, or symptoms turn worse in the course of the disease, bacterial sinusitis should be suspected. Diagnosis is based on clinical findings, and can be confirmed with ultrasound examination. Amoxicillin, penicillin or doxicyclin are recommended for bacterial sinusitis...
2013: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
Diana Petrache, Gabriel-Adrian Popescu
A 72-year-old female was admitted with the symptoms of malaise, loss of appetite, upper right quadrant pain, fever, and sweats, which had been present for last 7 days. CT-scan of the abdomen revealed a hypodense mass in the right liver lobe; histopathological examination of the biopsy specimen yielded a diagnosis of actinomycotic abscess. Treatment with intravenous ampicillin for 8 weeks followed by a course of oral doxicycline for 28 weeks resulted in the complete resolution of the abscess.
May 2013: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
S M Kamal, A K M M Rashid, M A Bakar, M A Ahad
Anthrax is a zoonotic disease caused by Bacillus anthracis. It is potentially fatal and highly contagious disease. Herbivores are the natural host. Human acquire the disease incidentally by contact with infected animal or animal products. In the 18th century an epidemic destroyed approximately half of the sheep in Europe. In 1900 human inhalational anthrax occured sporadically in the United States. In 1979 an outbreak of human anthrax occured in Sverdlovsk of Soviet Union. Anthrax continued to represent a world wide presence...
December 2011: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine
Farzin Khorvash, Fatemeh Abdi, Hessam H Kashani, Farahnaz Fatemi Naeini, Tahmineh Narimani
BACKGROUND: There is considerable evidence which suggests a possible pathogenetic role for Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in acne vulgaris. AIM: The study was to determine S. aureus colonization and antibiotic susceptibility patterns in patients with acne and of healthy people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the case-control study, a total of 324 people were screened for nasal carriage of S. aureus: 166 acne patients and 158 healthy persons...
November 2012: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
E M Mokhov, R Iu Chumakov, A N Sergeev
An investigation of specific course of the wound process and near results of operations on 398 patients with emergency abdominal surgical pathology has revealed advantages of using new biologically active suture materials "Nikant" (with doxicyclin) and "Nikant-P" (with doxicyclin and stimulator of regeneration from the group of hermanium-containing organic compounds) in performing surgical interventions. Total number of patients with complications at the early postoperative period, operated using threads "Nikant" (38-29...
2012: Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova
Yasmeen Taj, Farhan Essa Abdullah, Shahana Urooj Kazmi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of antibiotic resistance in the clinical isolates of Staphylococcus (S.) aureus, Methicillin Resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and define the possible emergence of Vancomycin resistant S. aureus (VRSA) in Karachi. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Essa Laboratories and Department of Molecular Genetics, Ziauddin Hospital, from January to December 2009. METHODOLOGY: Staphylococcal isolates from different clinical specimens, pus, urine, blood, high vaginal swab and other secretions received at Ziauddun laboratories and Dr...
November 2010: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
V I Iliukhin, T V Senina, M N Trushkina, E V Shubnikova, Iu V Antonov, N V Andropova
Among the known species of Burkholderia only two are obligate pathogens, i.e., B. mallei and B. pseudomallei, causative agents of glanders and melioidosis respectively. The other species are saprophytes as natural inhabitants of water reservoirs and soil, still capable of causing opportunistic infections in humans and animals under definite conditions. All the species of Burkholderia are characterized by high resistance to antibacterials, including antibiotics. By the MICs, the most efficient chemotherapeutics against pathogenic burkholderias are tetracyclines, fluoroquinolones, penems and combined sulfanilamides...
2009: Antibiotiki i Khimioterapii︠a︡, Antibiotics and Chemoterapy [sic]
Dilista Piljić, Sead Ahmetagić, Dragan Piljić, Muharem Zildzić, Humera Porobić
INTRODUCTION: Etiological factors of community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTI) are specific for age, gender, season, complication of UTI and type of UTI. Their prevalence and susceptibility to antimicrobial agents shows geographic and time variability. PURPOSE: To evaluate etiological characteristics of acute community-acquired UTI in hospitalised patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective-prospective study included 200 adult patients with community-acquired UTI who were, in view of the serious clinical picture and unsuccessful ambulatory treatment, hospitalised in the Clinic for Infectious Diseases in Tuzla, for a period of two years (2006 and 2007)...
2009: Medicinski Arhiv
Matteo Anselmino, Melissa Vinci, Chiara Comoglio, Mauro Rinaldi, Maria Grazia Bongiorni, Gian Paolo Trevi, Pier Giorgio Golzio
INTRODUCTION: Pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillator infections, when not treated, lead to serious consequences. The aim is to identify the prevalent strains of the responsible bacteria to guide an effective therapy. METHODS: Between May 2003 and April 2008, 118 leads were extracted from 61 patients, with chronic draining sinus, pocket infection, pacemaker endocarditis, or sepsis. Following extraction, samples of the leads underwent cultural and antibiogram examination...
September 2009: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
F López-Fabal, E Culebras, I Bonilla, M Gómez, J J Picazo
Introduction. As the number of multidrug-resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa has risen in the intensive care unit (ICU) of the San Carlos Clinic Hospital, 12 consecutive isolates from different patients were collected to determine the possibility of an epidemic outbreak caused by the spread of a single strain. We determined the antimicrobial susceptibility to the most common agents used in the treatment of infections caused by this bacteria. The results of susceptibility studies suggest that different strains of P...
September 2008: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
M A Gafur, J H Bhuiyan, T Zaman, A B Shamsuzzaman, S M Islam
A 42 year old male individual having a hugely distended scrotum and barely perceptible penis, unable to maintain his livelihood on account of his handicap and socially withdrawn for the fear of humiliation, got admitted into the Surgery department of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital in August 5, 2007. The person had been carrying the so called curse for the last four years. On the basis of clinical, serological and haematological examinations, diagnosis was established as lymphatic filariasis causing elephantiasis of the scrotum...
July 2008: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Teodoro Carrada-Bravo
Cardiovascular tertiary syphilis may lead to aortitis, aortic aneurism, coronary stenosis, aortic insufficiency and, rarely, to myocarditis. The physician must be familiar with the clinical presentations of this process, including the asymptomatic variety and must be able to have an organized plan for the diagnosis and evaluation to establish or exclude the presence of cardiovascular pathology and the differential diagnosis with other entities. Once the etiologic and topographic diagnosis is established, the patient should be treated with penicillin, doxicycline and other antibiotics, and the consequences of the disorder, both actual and potential, should be considered before deciding weather to recommend surgical intervention...
October 2006: Archivos de Cardiología de México
Zenaida Cerimagić, Safet Guska, Ilijaz Pilav, Bedrudin Banjanović
UNLABELLED: Pleural effusion is acumulation of liquid in pleural space, wich caused primary of pleural diseases or secundary of systemic diseases. PROBLEM: Pleural effusion are the most frequently caused by malignancy and make worse poor condition of patients with malignancy. Pleural punction is insufficient metod for treatmen of malignancy pleural effusion. The best modefor treatment is pleurodesis using Doxicyclin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: There are embrased all patient hospitalized in thoracis surgery department of KCU Sarajevo in period may 1999...
2006: Medicinski Arhiv
C R García Acebes, L Barchino Ortiz, S Aboín González, B Díaz Ley, P Ruiz Fernández, F Sánchez de Paz
Atypical mycobacterial infections are increasingly important in immunosuppressed patients as well as in healthy hosts. The atypical mycobacterium that most commonly affects the skin is Mycobacterium marinum. The infection should be suspected upon the presence of ulcers, nodules or chronic plaques and a history of contact with fresh or salt water. Optimal therapy is yet to be established. We report a case of Mycobacterium marinum infection in a patient receiving immunosuppressive therapy that responded favourably to treatment with doxicycline...
December 2006: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
Ayhan Zengi, Funda Elmas, Meltem Tasbakan, Ozen Kacmaz Basoglu, Mustafa Hikmet Ozhan
Pleural involvement is a rare presentation of brucellosis. We report a patient referred for the evaluation of fever, right-sided pleural effusion and hilar lymph node enlargement. The pleural fluid revealed exudative characteristics with the predominance of neutrophils. Brucella melitensis was isolated from bone marrow, pleural effusion and blood cultures. The diagnosis was also confirmed by demonstration of a high Brucella agglutinin titre. The patient was successfully treated with rifampicin and doxicycline for three months...
October 2006: Tropical Doctor
Daniele Catalucci, Elisabetta Sporeno, Agostino Cirillo, Gennaro Ciliberto, Alfredo Nicosia, Stefano Colloca
Production of multiply deleted adenoviral (Ad) vectors with increased cloning capacity and reduced immunogenicity to adenovirus gene products requires the concomitant generation of efficient packaging cell lines. High expression levels of the complementing genes must be achieved in a coordinated fashion with viral replication. This is a particularly difficult task in light of the significant cytotoxicity displayed by adenoviral proteins. To this end, we developed a novel adenovirus-based amplicon with an Epstein-Barr virus origin of replication, Ad type 5 (Ad5) inverted terminal repeats, all Ad5 early region 2 (E2) genes, and the early region 4 (E4) open reading frame 6 (ORF6) under the control of a tetracycline-dependent promoter...
May 2005: Journal of Virology
Ahidé López-Merino, Araceli Contreras-Rodríguez, Roberto Migranas-Ortiz, Rubén Orrantia-Gradín, Gerardo M Hernández-Oliva, Arturo Torres Y Gutiérrez-Rubio, Oscar Cardeñosa
Brucellosis is a disease of domestic and wild animals that is transmitted to humans and exists worldwide. We assessed the in vitro activity of moxifloxacin, ciprofloxacin, tetracycline, doxicycline, rifampin, streptomycin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) against 97 Brucella strains isolated from clinical samples, animals and dairy products in Mexico. Fluoroquinolones showed an antibacterial activity similar to that of tetracyclines (MIC(90) 0.5). Other drugs commonly used against brucellosis were less active, such as rifampin (MIC(90) 2...
2004: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases
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