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systemic review article

Rafael Alves Cordeiro, Leonardo Santos Hoff, Marcos Vinícius Fernandes Garcia, Hilton Muniz Leão Filho, Eduardo Ferreira Borba
Peliosis hepatis is a rare benign disorder characterized by the presence of multiple cavities filled with blood with no preferential localization in the liver parenchyma. It may be related to several etiologic conditions, especially infections and toxicity of immunosuppressive drugs. To our knowledge, there are only three articles reporting the association between peliosis hepatis and systemic lupus erythematosus. In this report, we describe a case of this rare condition, highlighting the importance of magnetic resonance imaging...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
S A Nemkova
The article covers the problems of diagnosis and treatment of mental impairment in children with cerebral palsy. Mental disorders in cerebral palsy include cognitive impairment (disorders of perception, memory, attention, motor-visual coordination, intelligence and speech), border disorders (cerebral/asthenic, neurosis-like, psychopathic-like syndromes) and personality disorders (accentuation of character, mental infantilism). Diagnosis of mental disorders in patients with cerebral palsy is a challenging task, due to various combinations of them with physical, speech and sensory disorders, which requires a differentiated approach...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Faisal Akhtar, Sabah Rehman
Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C have been major disease-causing agents among humans since they were discovered in the 1960s. Both cause jaundice-like symptoms initially but their prognosis and treatment are somehow different and depend upon many demographic details, such as the age and susceptibility of the patients and any other comorbid conditions. They clinically present primarily with hepatitis and can have many adverse effects or even be life-threatening at times, if not treated properly. However, their epidemiological background and findings in terms of morbidity, mortality, and case fatality rates are different...
January 16, 2018: Curēus
Julian A Marin-Acevedo, Catalina Sanchez-Alvarez, Ali A Alsaad, Ricardo J Pagán
Infiltrative cardiomyopathies include a variety of disorders that lead to myocardial thickening resulting in a constellation of clinical manifestations and eventually heart failure that could be the first clue to reach the diagnosis. Among the more described infiltrative diseases of the heart is amyloid cardiomyopathy. The disease usually presents with subtle, nonspecific symptoms. Herein, we illustrate a case of recurrent syncope as the initial presenting symptom for systemic amyloid with polyneuropathy and cardiomyopathy as a cause of syncope...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
Abdul G Dulloo, Jennifer L Miles-Chan, Yves Schutz
Collateral fattening refers to the process whereby excess fat is deposited as a result of the body's attempt to counter a deficit in lean mass through overeating. Its demonstration and significance to weight regulation and obesity can be traced to work on energy budget strategies in growing mammals and birds, and to men recovering from experimental starvation. The cardinal features of collateral fattening rests upon (i) the existence of a feedback system between lean tissue and appetite control, with lean tissue deficit driving hyperphagia, and (ii) upon the occurrence of a temporal desynchronization in the recovery of body composition, with complete recovery of fat mass preceeding that of lean mass...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sabato Santaniello, John T Gale, Sridevi V Sarma
Over the last 30 years, deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been used to treat chronic neurological diseases like dystonia, obsessive-compulsive disorders, essential tremor, Parkinson's disease, and more recently, dementias, depression, cognitive disorders, and epilepsy. Despite its wide use, DBS presents numerous challenges for both clinicians and engineers. One challenge is the design of novel, more efficient DBS therapies, which are hampered by the lack of complete understanding about the cellular mechanisms of therapeutic DBS...
March 20, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
Alison D Kissling, Kimberly D Ballinger
Faculty publications have been collected in universities, health, and medical institutions for many years, and Cincinnati Children's is no exception. Since 1949, a yearly list of faculty publications was manually compiled using multiple data sources and disseminated by the Edward L. Pratt Research Library. Products to centralize faculty publication collection and analysis with bibliometric tools are growing in popularity. This article will review the collaborative decision to choose a Research Information Management System and the implementation process including successes, challenges, and future opportunities...
April 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
Thomas J Penfold, Etienne Gindensperger, Chantal Daniel, Christel M Marian
Intersystem crossing (ISC), formally forbidden within nonrelativistic quantum theory, is the mechanism by which a molecule changes its spin state. It plays an important role in the excited state decay dynamics of many molecular systems and not just those containing heavy elements. In the simplest case, ISC is driven by direct spin-orbit coupling between two states of different multiplicities. This coupling is usually assumed to remain unchanged by vibrational motion. It is also often presumed that spin-allowed radiationless transitions, i...
March 20, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Rashi I Mehta, Rupal I Mehta
Hydrophilic polymers are ubiquitously applied as surface coatings on catheters and intravascular medical technologies. Recent clinical literature has heightened awareness on the complication of hydrophilic polymer embolism, the phenomenon wherein polymer coating layers separate from catheter and device surfaces, and may be affiliated with a range of unanticipated adverse reactions. Significant system barriers have limited and delayed reporting on this iatrogenic complication, the full effects of which remain underrecognized by healthcare providers and manufacturers of various branded devices...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
Rachael Piltch-Loeb, Elena Savoia, Nasandra Wright, Rahul Gupta, Michael A Stoto
To demonstrate how public health emergency systems can use health systems tools to analyze and learn from critical incidents, we employed a facilitated look-back approach to review the public response to a chemical spill in Charleston, West Virginia. We reviewed official reports, news articles, and other documents; conducted in-person interviews with key public health and emergency response officials and local community stakeholders; and organized a facilitated look-back meeting to identify root causes of the problems that were encountered...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Erin E Burke, Jonathan S Zager
Introduction Current treatment of advanced melanoma is rapidly changing with the introduction of new and effective therapies including systemic as well as locoregional therapies. An example of one such locoregional therapy is intralesional injection with talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC). Areas Covered T-VEC has been shown in a number of studies to be an effective treatment for patients with stage IIIB, IIIC and IVM1a melanoma. In this article the effectiveness, pharmacokinetics and safety profile of TVEC is reviewed...
March 20, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
L Rodriguez-Prunotto, R Cano-de-la-Cuerda
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of stroke has increased in recent years, highlighting the role of prevention and identification of risk factors, as well as the analysis of their costs. At present, new technologies, specifically mobile applications, are considered as tools with potential benefits in patients with stroke care. AIM: To carry out a systematic review about the information related to potential or specifically designed mobile applications in the field of stroke, in order to classify them and carry out a description of the main characteristics of them...
April 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Ho-Sheng Chiang, Ren-Yeong Huang, Pei-Wei Weng, Lian-Ping Mau, Chi-Chun Su, Yi-Wen Cathy Tsai, Yu-Chiao Wu, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Yi-Shing Shieh, Wan-Chien Cheng
PURPOSE: To identify 100 top-cited articles published in periodontal journals and analyse the research trends by using citation analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 top-cited articles published in periodontal journals were retrieved by searching the database of the ISI Web of Science and Journal Citation reports. For each article, the following principal bibliometric parameters: authorship, geographic and institute origin, manuscript type, study design, scope of study, and citation count of each time period were analysed from 1965 to 2015...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Miguel Ángel Sánchez-Tena, Cristina Alvarez-Peregrina, Mª Carolina Valbuena-Iglesias, Pablo Ruisoto Palomera
Optical illusions are involved in the perception of false or erroneous images which might involve disorientation. They occur by a discordance by the peripheral systems about the information captured and generally, resulting in pilots failure to recognize key signals. The aim of this study is to review the state of the art of spatial disorientation and optical illusions in aviation pilots. This kind of disorientation has important practical consequences, because a remarkable percentage of plane accidents are related to pilot's optical illusions...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
W Gregory Hundley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the utility of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) to detect abnormalities of the cardiovascular system that may result from cancer or its treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: With CMR, one may assess cardiac anatomy, function, myocardial perfusion, tissue composition, and blood flow. For those with cancer, these capabilities allow one to differentiate myocardial masses that may relate to the presence of cancer and evaluate diseases of the pericardium...
March 20, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Adel Alharf, Nasser Alqahtani, Ghazi Saeed, Ali Alshahrani, Mubarak Alshahrani, Nasser Aljasser, Mohammed Alquwaizani, Saleh Bawazir
Pharmacovigilance is vital to public health. Adopting a robust spontaneous reporting system for adverse drug events can counteract most hazards that arise from utilizing medicinal products. Prior to the establishment of the Saudi Food and Drug Authority (SFDA), the number of pharmacovigilance-related activities in Saudi Arabia was limited. In 2009, the SFDA established the National Pharmacovigilance and Drug Safety Center (Saudi Vigilance). The pharmacovigilance system has remarkably improved during the past few years...
March 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Luc Van Kaer, Danyvid Olivares-Villagómez
The intestine is continuously exposed to commensal microorganisms, food, and environmental agents and also serves as a major portal of entry for many pathogens. A critical defense mechanism against microbial invasion in the intestine is the single layer of epithelial cells that separates the gut lumen from the underlying tissues. The barrier function of the intestinal epithelium is supported by cells and soluble factors of the intestinal immune system. Chief among them are intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (iIELs), which are embedded in the intestinal epithelium and represent one of the single largest populations of lymphocytes in the body...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Cheng-Chia Lee, Daniel M Trifiletti, Arjun Sahgal, Antonio DeSalles, Laura Fariselli, Motohiro Hayashi, Marc Levivier, Lijun Ma, Roberto Martínez Álvarez, Ian Paddick, Jean Regis, Samuel Ryu, Ben Slotman, Jason Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has become popular as a standard treatment for cavernous sinus (CS) meningiomas. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the published literature specific to the treatment of CS meningioma with SRS found through a systematic review, and to create recommendations on behalf of the International Stereotactic Radiosurgery Society. METHODS: Articles published from January 1963 to December 2014 were systemically reviewed...
March 15, 2018: Neurosurgery
David M Orenstein, Robert N Abood
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cystic fibrosis (CF) has received a lot of attention in the past few years because of increased longevity and the emergence of ground-breaking new drugs targeting the molecular and cellular defects, making a huge clinical difference, and - not incidentally - carrying massive price tags. The prices of these new drugs make the question of overall costs of CF care highly relevant. RECENT FINDINGS: This article reviews recent developments in CF science and treatment, and highlights areas that contribute to costs of CF care, emphasizing how these costs have increased...
March 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Mohammed B Sarhan, Rula Ghandour, Niveen M E Abu Rmeileh
BACKGROUND: The burden of type 2 diabetes is increasing rapidly in the occupied Palestinian territory. Different counselling interventions have been applied worldwide to reduce HbA1c concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes. Achieving good glycaemic control is important for prevention of complications of type 2 diabetes. The aim of this modelling study was to assess the effectiveness of different counselling interventions in improving glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
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