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critical care medicine review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328691/factors-associated-with-discharge-home-after-transfer-to-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#1
Erin R Peebles, Michael R Miller, Tim P Lynch, Janice A Tijssen
OBJECTIVES: The transfer of children from community emergency departments (EDs) to tertiary care pediatric EDs for investigations, interventions, or a second opinion is common. In order to improve health care system efficiency, we must have a better understanding of this population and identify areas for education and capacity building. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients (aged 0-17 years) who were transferred from community ED to a pediatric ED from November 2013 to November 2014...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324029/vital-directions-for-health-and-health-care-priorities-from-a-national-academy-of-medicine-initiative
#2
Victor J Dzau, Mark B McClellan, J Michael McGinnis, Sheila P Burke, Molly J Coye, Angela Diaz, Thomas A Daschle, William H Frist, Martha Gaines, Margaret A Hamburg, Jane E Henney, Shiriki Kumanyika, Michael O Leavitt, Ruth M Parker, Lewis G Sandy, Leonard D Schaeffer, Glenn D Steele, Pamela Thompson, Elias Zerhouni
Importance: Recent discussion has focused on questions related to the repeal and replacement of portions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). However, issues central to the future of health and health care in the United States transcend the ACA provisions receiving the greatest attention. Initiatives directed to certain strategic and infrastructure priorities are vital to achieve better health at lower cost. Objectives: To review the most salient health challenges and opportunities facing the United States, to identify practical and achievable priorities essential to health progress, and to present policy initiatives critical to the nation's health and fiscal integrity...
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320461/neuroanatomy-of-sepsis-associated-encephalopathy
#3
REVIEW
Nicholas Heming, Aurelien Mazeraud, Franck Verdonk, Fernando A Bozza, Fabrice Chrétien, Tarek Sharshar
This article is one of ten reviews selected from the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2017. Other selected articles can be found online at http://ccforum.com/series/annualupdate2017 . Further information about the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine is available from http://www.springer.com/series/8901 .Originally published in the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2017. The number of authors differs in the two versions due to constraints regarding the number of authors in the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine...
March 21, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320437/anemia-and-blood-transfusion-in-the-critically-ill-patient-with-cardiovascular-disease
#4
REVIEW
Annemarie B Docherty, Timothy S Walsh
This article is one of ten reviews selected from the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2017. Other selected articles can be found online at http://ccforum.com/series/annualupdate2017 . Further information about the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine is available from http://www.springer.com/series/8901 .
March 21, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299952/n-acetylcysteine-s-role-in-sepsis-and-potential-benefit-in-patients-with-microcirculatory-derangements
#5
Jason Chertoff
OBJECTIVE: To review the data surrounding the utility of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in sepsis and identify areas needed for additional research. DATA SOURCES: A review of articles describing the mechanisms of action and clinical use of NAC in sepsis. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: Despite many advances in critical care medicine, still as many as 50% of patients with septic shock die. Treatments thus far have focused on resuscitation and restoration of macrocirculatory targets in the early phases of sepsis, with less focus on microcirculatory dysfunction...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290954/improving-surgical-complications-and-patient-safety-at-the-nation-s-largest-military-hospital-an-analysis-of-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-data
#6
Steve Maturo, Charlotte Hughes, George Kallingal, Stephen Silvey, A J Johnson, Douglas Soderdahl, Evan Renz, Joseph Brennan
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. Military Health System cares for over 9 million patients and encompasses 63 hospitals and 413 clinics worldwide. Military medicine balances the simultaneous tasks of caring for those patients wounded in military engagements, treating large numbers of families of service men and women, and training the next generation of health care providers and ancillary staff. Similar to civilian health care delivery in the United States, military medicine has also seen increased scrutiny in the areas of cost and quality...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290130/the-choosing-wisely-initiative-in-infectious-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Clara Lehmann, Reinhard Berner, Johannes R Bogner, Oliver A Cornely, Katja de With, Susanne Herold, Winfried V Kern, Sebastian Lemmen, Mathias W Pletz, Bernhard Ruf, Bernd Salzberger, Hans Jürgen Stellbrink, Norbert Suttorp, Andrew J Ullmann, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Norma Jung
OBJECTIVE: "Choosing Wisely" is a growing international campaign aiming at practice changes to improve patient health and safety by both, conduct of essential and avoidance of unnecessary diagnostic, preventive and therapeutic procedures. The goal is to create an easily recognizable and distributable list ("Choosing Wisely items") that addresses common over- and underuse in the management of infectious diseases. METHODS: The German Society of Infectious Diseases (DGI) participates in the campaign "Klug Entscheiden" by the German Society of Internal Medicine...
March 13, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285459/a-critical-review-for-developing-accurate-and-dynamic-predictive-models-using-machine-learning-methods-in-medicine-and-health-care
#8
Hamdan O Alanazi, Abdul Hanan Abdullah, Kashif Naseer Qureshi
Recently, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been used widely in medicine and health care sector. In machine learning, the classification or prediction is a major field of AI. Today, the study of existing predictive models based on machine learning methods is extremely active. Doctors need accurate predictions for the outcomes of their patients' diseases. In addition, for accurate predictions, timing is another significant factor that influences treatment decisions. In this paper, existing predictive models in medicine and health care have critically reviewed...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273405/heart-rhythm-society-expert-consensus-statements-part-2
#9
REVIEW
Susie Sennhauser, Rishi Anand, Fred Kusumoto, Nora Goldschlager
One of the most important roles for professional societies in medicine is assembling multiple stakeholders and experts to develop documents that can help guide and define policies and strategies for best medical care. Each year the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) develops several consensus documents that address critical clinical subjects that have been identified by input from HRS members and HRS committees. Over the past 5 years, HRS has produced documents with multiple professional societies from around the world, and although the topics chosen for exploration center around arrhythmia management, the reviews and recommendations made in the documents are important for clinical cardiologists and generalists who are not arrhythmia specialists...
March 8, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273360/heart-rhythm-society-expert-consensus-statements-part-1
#10
REVIEW
Susie Sennhauser, Rishi Anand, Fred Kusumoto, Nora Goldschlager
One of the most important roles for professional societies in medicine is assembling multiple stakeholders and experts to develop documents that can help guide and define policies and strategies for best medical care. Each year the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) develops several consensus documents that address critical clinical subjects that have been identified by input from HRS members and HRS committees. Over the past 5 years, HRS has produced documents with multiple professional societies from around the world, and although the topics chosen for exploration center around arrhythmia management, the reviews and recommendations made in the documents are important for clinical cardiologists and generalists who are not arrhythmia specialists...
March 8, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271367/optical-surgical-navigation-for-precision-in-tumor-resections
#11
Stefan Harmsen, Nutte Teraphongphom, Michael F Tweedle, James P Basilion, Eben L Rosenthal
Optical imaging methods have significant potential as effective intraoperative tools to visualize tissues, cells, and biochemical events aimed at objective assessment of the tumor margin and guiding the surgeon to adequately resect the tumor while sparing critical tissues. The wide variety of approaches to guide resection, the range of parameters that they detect, and the interdisciplinary nature involving biology, chemistry, engineering, and medicine suggested that there was a need for an organization that could review, discuss, refine, and help prioritize methods to optimize patient care and pharmaceutical and instrument development...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271320/the-icm-research-agenda-on-critical-care-ultrasonography
#12
REVIEW
P Mayo, R Arntfield, M Balik, P Kory, G Mathis, G Schmidt, M Slama, G Volpicelli, N Xirouchaki, A McLean, A Vieillard-Baron
PURPOSE: Critical care ultrasonography has utility for the diagnosis and management of critical illness and is in widespread use by frontline intensivists. As there is a need for research to validate and extend its utility, the Editor of Intensive Care Medicine included critical care ultrasonography as a topic in the ICM Research Agenda issue. METHODS: Eleven international experts in the field of critical care ultrasonography contributed to the writing project. With the intention of developing a research agenda for the field, they reviewed best standards of care, new advances in the field, common beliefs that have been contradicted by recent trials, and unanswered questions related to critical care ultrasonography...
March 7, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270884/critical-imperative-for-the-reform-of-british-interpretation-of-fetal-heart-rate-decelerations-analysis-of-figo-and-nice-guidelines-post-truth-foundations-cognitive-fallacies-myths-and-occam-s-razor
#13
REVIEW
Shashikant L Sholapurkar
Cardiotocography (CTG) has disappointingly failed to show good predictability for fetal acidemia or neonatal outcomes in several large studies. A complete rethink of CTG interpretation will not be out of place. Fetal heart rate (FHR) decelerations are the most common deviations, benign as well as manifestation of impending fetal hypoxemia/acidemia, much more commonly than FHR baseline or variability. Their specific nomenclature is important (center-stage) because it provides the basic concepts and framework on which the complex "pattern recognition" of CTG interpretation by clinicians depends...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255928/a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-to-assess-outcomes-of-genetic-counseling
#14
REVIEW
Barbara A Athens, Samantha L Caldwell, Kendall L Umstead, Philip D Connors, Ethan Brenna, Barbara B Biesecker
With the advancements in precision medicine and health care reform, it is critical that genetic counseling practice respond to emerging evidence to maximize client benefit. The objective of this review was to synthesize evidence on outcomes from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of genetic counseling to inform clinical practice. Seven databases were searched in conducting this review. Studies were selected for inclusion if they were: (a) RCTs published from 1990 to 2015, and (b) assessed a direct outcome of genetic counseling...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255613/intensive-care-medicine-research-agenda-on-invasive-fungal-infection-in-critically-ill-patients
#15
REVIEW
Matteo Bassetti, Jose Garnacho-Montero, Thierry Calandra, Bartjan Kullberg, George Dimopoulos, Elie Azoulay, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Daniel Kett, Cristobal Leon, Luis Ostrosky-Zeichner, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Jean-Francois Timsit, Malcom D Richardson, Andrew Shorr, Oliver A Cornely
PURPOSE: To describe concisely the current standards of care, major recent advances, common beliefs that have been contradicted by recent trials, areas of uncertainty, and clinical studies that need to be performed over the next decade and their expected outcomes with regard to Candida and Aspergillus infections in non-neutropenic patients in the ICU setting. METHODS: A systematic review of the medical literature taking account of national and international guidelines and expert opinion...
March 2, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253601/-igg-4-related-disease-involving-the-trachea-and-paratracheal-soft-tissue-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
W L Fang, H J Wang, Y W Lu, R E Feng, X N Bu, Q H Fang
Objective: To investigate the clinical data of a patient with IgG(4)-related disease involving the trachea and paratracheal soft tissue and review the literature so as to improve the understanding level of the disorder. Methods: To analyze the clinical manifestation, laboratory examination, imaging, histopathology, treatment and prognosis of a patient with IgG(4)-related disease trachea and paratracheal soft tissue involved, who was admitted to the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital...
March 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241941/an-analysis-of-messages-sent-between-nurses-and-physicians-in-deteriorating-internal-medicine-patients-to-help-identify-issues-in-failures-to-rescue
#17
Hannah J Wong, Rachel Bierbrier, Philip Ma, Sherman Quan, Sannie Lai, Robert C Wu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in patients who deteriorate and require transfer to the intensive care unit (ICU), how many have a critical text message communicating deterioration and what is the quality of this message? Is message quality, message response or the timeliness of rapid response team (RRT) activation related to death? METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all ICU transfers from General Internal Medicine (GIM) wards from January 2012 until August 2014...
April 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238004/effects-of-therapeutic-hypothermia-for-neuroprotection-from-the-viewpoint-of-redox-regulation
#18
REVIEW
Nobuyuki Nosaka, Ayumi Okada, Hirokazu Tsukahara
Redox regulation has recently been recognized as an important factor in acute illnesses as well as in chronic diseases. It has also become a target for neuroprotection in acute intensive care. Despite its well-known therapeutic effects, therapeutic hypothermia has recently been re-evaluated for its potential use in emergency and critical care medicine. Hypothermia is an undesirable physiological condition that can increase oxidative stress and decrease anti-oxidative potency. However, many studies have shown that under ischemia/reperfusion conditions, therapeutic hypothermia actually suppresses enhanced oxidative stress and maintains or increases anti-oxidative potency...
February 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237005/pediatric-epilepsy-neurology-functional-imaging-and-neurosurgery
#19
REVIEW
James M Mountz, Christina M Patterson, Mandeep S Tamber
In this chapter we provide a comprehensive review of the current role that functional imaging can have in the care of the pediatric epilepsy patient from the perspective of the epilepsy neurologist and the epilepsy neurosurgeon. In the neurology section, the diagnosis and classification of epilepsy adapted by the International League Against Epilepsy as well as the etiology and incidence of the disease is presented. The neuroimaging section describes how advanced nuclear medicine imaging methods can be synergized to provide a maximum opportunity to localize an epileptogenic focus...
March 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215660/progress-in-evidence-based-medicine-a-quarter-century-on
#20
REVIEW
Benjamin Djulbegovic, Gordon H Guyatt
In response to limitations in the understanding and use of published evidence, evidence-based medicine (EBM) began as a movement in the early 1990s. EBM's initial focus was on educating clinicians in the understanding and use of published literature to optimise clinical care, including the science of systematic reviews. EBM progressed to recognise limitations of evidence alone, and has increasingly stressed the need to combine critical appraisal of the evidence with patient's values and preferences through shared decision making...
February 16, 2017: Lancet
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