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Vladimiro Guarnaccia, Pedro W Crous
Species of Diaporthe are considered important plant pathogens, saprobes, and endophytes on a wide range of plant hosts. Several species are well-known on citrus, either as agents of pre- or post-harvest infections, such as dieback, melanose and stem-end rot on fruit. In this study we explored the occurrence, diversity and pathogenicity of Diaporthe species associated with Citrus and allied genera in European orchards, nurseries, and gardens. Surveys were carried out during 2015 and 2016 in Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, and Spain...
December 2017: IMA Fungus
Laetitia Jacquesson
Hypofertility is defined as the absence of conception after one year of trying. Women's exploration needs biologist attendance for the ovarian reserve evaluation and radiologist attendance for the exploration of the uterus, the fallopian tubes and the ovary. The management of women's treatment as ovarian stimulation combine hormonal levels and transvaginal ultrasonography during all the treatment. The collaboration between clinician and biologist is necessary for the diagnosis and during women's infertily treatment...
September 2015: Annales de Biologie Clinique
Giorgio Franco, Leonardo Misuraca, Mario Ciletti, Costantino Leonardo, Cosimo De Nunzio, Enzo Palminteri, Carlo De Dominicis
Surgery for male infertility includes three main areas: varicocele surgery, recanalization of seminal tract, sperm retrieval.Varicocele treatment in infertily is still controversial. Recent scientific evidence appears to demonstrate that in selected cases varicocele treatment is beneficial in improving semen parameters and pregnancy rate. The key for the success of treatment seems to be a correct indication. It is our opinion that varicocele should be treated in presence of abnormal semen parameters, when clinically significant, and in adolescents with atrophy of the affected testis...
July 2014: Urologia
Kyung-Hee Lee, Chung-Hoon Kim, You-Jeong Lee, Sung-Hoon Kim, Hee-Dong Chae, Byung-Moon Kang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the surgical resection or aspiration with ethanol sclerotherapy (AEST) of endometrioma before in vitro fertilization (IVF) affect controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) and IVF outcome in the infertilie women with endometroma undergoing IVF. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 101 consecutive IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles that were performed in 101 patients with endometrioma(s) between January 2008 and December 2012 were included...
July 2014: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Chandralekha G Swami, Jeganathan Ramanathan, C Charan Jeganath
The noise stress, after it passes through the hearing apparatus, not only affects the auditory apparatus but also other body functions. The alterations in the levels of cortical hormone, adrenocorticosterone, nor-epinephrine hormone (which are primarily considered as stress hormones) on follicular stimulating hormone, testosterone, and lutinizing hormone were reported in relation with stress. Male albino rats weighing 200 to 250 grams were exposed to 100 dB of noise for one hour and three hours in acute group and daily one hour exposure for 60 day, and 90 day in chronic group...
July 2007: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Raúl Lagos-Cabré, Ricardo D Moreno
Bisphenol A [2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane] (BPA), 4-nonylphenol (NP) and di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), and its metabolite mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP) are chemicals found in plastics, which act as endocrine disruptors (EDs) in animals, including human. EDs act like hormones in the endocrine system, and disrupt the physiologic function of endogenous hormones. Most people are exposed to different endocrine disruptors and concern has been raised about their true effect on reproductive organs. In the testis, they seem to preferentially attack developing testis during puberty rather than adult organs...
2012: Biological Research
Eliana Garalejić, Biljana Arsić, Dragana Bojović-Jović, Milija Veljković, Biljana Macanović, Dejan Pavlović, Bojan Vasić, Dragana Lekić
INTRODUCTION: Anal atresia is a congenital anomaly, very life-threatening and urgent. Surgical treatment of this anomaly consists of colostomy first, and then of anal reconstruction. CASE REPORT: We presented a 31-year old female with the surgery treatment of anal atresia in the early childhood. In the reproductive period, due to tubal infertily, the patient was included in the program of in vitro fertilization (IVF), in the Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics "Narodni front", Belgrade...
March 2010: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
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