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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890765/revascularization-of-moyamoya-angiopathy-in-older-adults
#1
Richard W Williamson, Adib A Abla, Joseph M Zabramski, Peter Nakaji, Robert F Spetzler, John E Wanebo
BACKGROUND: Moyamoya angiopathy most often presents in young people in the second and third decade of life. Although uncommon, it can present later in life. In this report, we present our results with moyamoya patients older than 50 years of age who were treated with surgical revascularization via either direct bypass or indirect bypass (encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted to identify patients with moyamoya disease who were treated with surgical revascularization at our institution between 2002 and 2015...
November 24, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816343/epidemiology-of-stroke-in-europe-and-trends-for-the-21st-century
#2
Yannick Béjot, Henri Bailly, Jérôme Durier, Maurice Giroud
Despite major improvements in primary prevention and acute treatment over the last decades, stroke is still a devastating disease. At the beginning of the 21st century, the age-standardized incidence of stroke in Europe ranged from 95 to 290/100,000 per year, with one-month case-fatality rates ranging from 13 to 35%. Approximately 1.1 million inhabitants of Europe suffered a stroke each year, and ischemic stroke accounted for approximately 80% of cases. Although global stroke incidence is declining, rates observed in young adults are on the rise, thus suggesting a need for strategies to improve prevention...
November 2, 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806518/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-dispatching-of-traumatic-brain-injuries-in-the-fifth-period-at-the-rajaie-hospital-in-ghachsaran
#3
Abouzar Alidadi, Rooholah Zaboli, Razzagh Abedi, Mohammad Reza Soltanizarandi
INTRODUCTION: Increasing car accidents in young group and head-stroke mechanisms in developing countryis are the main cause of brain lesions and injuries related to trauma, so that traumatic severe brain lesions and injuries and uncontrollable hemorrhage are the major cause of mortality and morbidity due to trauma. Statistical analysis and factors along with main injuries can give us useful information in the field of injury management, patient dispatching management, proper scheduling, and patients dispatching to appropriate centers...
July 25, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784343/patterns-of-association-of-chronic-medical-conditions-and-major-depression
#4
S B Patten, J V A Williams, D H Lavorato, J L Wang, N Jetté, T T Sajobi, K M Fiest, A G M Bulloch
AIMS: Age and sex-related patterns of association between medical conditions and major depressive episodes (MDE) are important for understanding disease burden, anticipating clinical needs and for formulating etiological hypotheses. General population estimates are especially valuable because they are not distorted by help-seeking behaviours. However, even large population surveys often deliver inadequate precision to adequately describe such patterns. In this study, data from a set of national surveys were pooled to increase precision, supporting more precise characterisation of these associations...
October 27, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754113/os-22-09-population-attributable-risk-of-hypertension-in-development-of-stroke-using-the-national-sample-cohort
#5
Sunhee Kim, Nam-Kyoo Lim, Jung Hoon Lee, Hyun-Young Park
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension has been discussed as a key role in developing cardiovascular diseases. The stroke incidence is relatively high in South Korea compared to other countries. In our research, we quantified the impact of hypertension by estimating population attributable-risk in the development of stroke. DESIGN AND METHOD: We selected 154,786 people aged over 40 among National Health Insurance Service-National sample cohort who have not diagnosed either stroke or TIA within baseline periods (2002-2005)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753831/sy-04-1-cvd-risk-prediction-in-high-risk-versus-low-risk-populations
#6
Hyeon Chang Kim
Disease risk prediction models have been developed to assess the impact of multiple risk factors and to estimate an individual's absolute disease risk. Accurate disease prediction is essential for personalized prevention, because the benefits, risks, and costs of alternative strategies must be weighed to choose the best preventive strategy for individual patients. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) prediction is the earliest example of individual risk predictions. Since the Framingham study reported a CVD risk prediction method in 1976, an increasing number of risk assessment tools have been developed to CVD risk in various settings...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741113/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-association-between-hemoglobin-concentration-and-hypertension-a-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Na Hyun Kim, Ju-Mi Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Joo-Young Lee, Hyungseon Yeom, Jung Hyun Lee, Il Suh
We investigated the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between hemoglobin concentration and hypertension in a Korean population.Between 2006 and 2013, we examined 4899 participants with mean age of 56.6 years (range 35-88 years) from a rural community. We excluded 298 participants with a history of myocardial infarction or stroke and 264 participants with very low hemoglobin levels (men: <13.3 g/dL; women: <11.6 g/dL). Finally, we performed a cross-sectional analysis on 1629 men and 2708 women...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676969/french-translation-and-psychometric-properties-of-high-level-mobility-assessment-tool-for-people-with-neurological-diseases-preliminary-results
#8
Antoine Zaczyk, Mathilde Prestini, Juliette Martel, Marjorie Deplanque, Céline Ramspacher, Samantha Demaille
OBJECTIVE: The high-level mobility assessment tool (HiMAT) was developed to quantify balance and mobility problems after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The revised HiMAT is valid for people with neurological diseases. The aim of this cohort study was to translate and investigate the internal consistency, reliability of the French version in people with neurological conditions. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: The original version of HiMAT was translated into French, cross-culturally adapted and field tested...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643040/os-22-09-population-attributable-risk-of-hypertension-in-development-of-stroke-using-the-national-sample-cohort
#9
Sunhee Kim, Nam-Kyoo Lim, Jung Hoon Lee, Hyun-Young Park
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension has been discussed as a key role in developing cardiovascular diseases. The stroke incidence is relatively high in South Korea compared to other countries. In our research, we quantified the impact of hypertension by estimating population attributable-risk in the development of stroke. DESIGN AND METHOD: We selected 154,786 people aged over 40 among National Health Insurance Service-National sample cohort who have not diagnosed either stroke or TIA within baseline periods (2002-2005)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642884/sy-04-1-cvd-risk-prediction-in-high-risk-versus-low-risk-populations
#10
Hyeon Chang Kim
Disease risk prediction models have been developed to assess the impact of multiple risk factors and to estimate an individual's absolute disease risk. Accurate disease prediction is essential for personalized prevention, because the benefits, risks, and costs of alternative strategies must be weighed to choose the best preventive strategy for individual patients. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) prediction is the earliest example of individual risk predictions. Since the Framingham study reported a CVD risk prediction method in 1976, an increasing number of risk assessment tools have been developed to CVD risk in various settings...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642526/mirror-visual-feedback-training-improves-intermanual-transfer-in-a-sport-specific-task-a-comparison-between-different-skill-levels
#11
Fabian Steinberg, Nils Henrik Pixa, Michael Doppelmayr
Mirror training therapy is a promising tool to initiate neural plasticity and facilitate the recovery process of motor skills after diseases such as stroke or hemiparesis by improving the intermanual transfer of fine motor skills in healthy people as well as in patients. This study evaluated whether these augmented performance improvements by mirror visual feedback (MVF) could be used for learning a sport-specific skill and if the effects are modulated by skill level. A sample of 39 young, healthy, and experienced basketball and handball players and 41 novices performed a stationary basketball dribble task at a mirror box in a standing position and received either MVF or direct feedback...
2016: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613670/estimating-years-of-life-lost-from-cardiovascular-mortality-related-to-air-pollution-in-guangzhou-china
#12
Jun Yang, Chun-Quan Ou, Yu-Feng Song, Li Li, Ping-Yan Chen, Qi-Yong Liu
Previous studies have mainly used mortality or morbidity as the health outcome to examine the air pollution-health association. Little evidence is available on relationships between air pollutants and years of life lost (YLL). We aimed to estimate the YLL from cardiovascular mortality due to air pollution. Daily data on weather and air pollutants and individual data of all registered deaths for years 2004-2007 were obtained in Guangzhou, China. The generalized additive model was used to assess the YLL associated with 10μg/m(3) increases in NO2, SO2 and PM10...
December 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491766/-alcohol-consumption-in-women-and-the-elderly-when-does-it-induce-heart-failure
#13
S Pankuweit
The association between alcohol consumption and the etiology and prognosis of cardiovascular diseases has been the focus of attention and also the subject of controversial discussions for many years. This is particularly true for heart failure, which can be induced by coronary artery disease (CAD), arterial hypertension, atrial and ventricular arrhythmias and cardiomyopathies. Acute effects of high doses of alcohol can lead to impairment of the cardiac contraction strength with rhythm disturbances (holiday heart syndrome), transient ischemic attacks and in rare cases to sudden cardiac death...
September 2016: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489401/aphasia-and-auditory-processing-after-stroke-through-an-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-lens
#14
REVIEW
Suzanne C Purdy, Iruni Wanigasekara, Oscar M Cañete, Celia Moore, Clare M McCann
Aphasia is an acquired language impairment affecting speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Aphasia occurs in about a third of patients who have ischemic stroke and significantly affects functional recovery and return to work. Stroke is more common in older individuals but also occurs in young adults and children. Because people experiencing a stroke are typically aged between 65 and 84 years, hearing loss is common and can potentially interfere with rehabilitation. There is some evidence for increased risk and greater severity of sensorineural hearing loss in the stroke population and hence it has been recommended that all people surviving a stroke should have a hearing test...
August 2016: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487854/risk-factors-for-stroke-among-young-old-and-old-old-community-dwelling-adults-in-japan-the-ohasama-study
#15
Keiko Murakami, Kei Asayama, Michihiro Satoh, Ryusuke Inoue, Megumi Tsubota-Utsugi, Miki Hosaka, Ayako Matsuda, Kyoko Nomura, Takahisa Murakami, Masahiro Kikuya, Hirohito Metoki, Yutaka Imai, Takayoshi Ohkubo
AIM: Few studies have addressed stroke risk factors in older populations, particularly among the old-old. We examined differences in traditional risk factors for stroke among the old-old compared with the young-old in community-dwelling Japanese adults. METHODS: We followed 2,065 residents aged ≥ 60 years who had no history of stroke. Traditional risk factors for stroke were obtained from a self-administered questionnaire at baseline. We classified participants into two age categories, 60-74 years (n=1,502) and ≥ 75 years (n=563), and assessed whether traditional risk factors were differentially associated with stroke incidence according to age category...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27407071/long-term-outcomes-from-acute-rheumatic-fever-and-rheumatic-heart-disease-a-data-linkage-and-survival-analysis-approach
#16
Vincent Y F He, John R Condon, Anna P Ralph, Yuejen Zhao, Kathryn Roberts, Jessica L de Dassel, Bart J Currie, Marea Fittock, Keith N Edwards, Jonathan R Carapetis
BACKGROUND: We investigated adverse outcomes for people with acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and the effect of comorbidities and demographic factors on these outcomes. METHODS: Using linked data (RHD register, hospital, and mortality data) for residents of the Northern Territory of Australia, we calculated ARF recurrence rates, rates of progression from ARF to RHD to severe RHD, RHD complication rates (heart failure, endocarditis, stroke, and atrial fibrillation), and mortality rates for 572 individuals diagnosed with ARF and 1248 with RHD in 1997 to 2013 (94...
July 19, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27285491/impaired-pulmonary-v%C3%AB-o2-kinetics-in-cystic-fibrosis-depend-on-exercise-intensity
#17
Zoe Louise Saynor, Alan Robert Barker, Patrick John Oades, Craig Anthony Williams
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of mild-to-moderate cystic fibrosis (CF) on the pulmonary oxygen uptake (V˙O2) kinetics of 7 pediatric patients (13.5 ± 2.8 y) versus 7 healthy matched controls (CON; 13.6 ± 2.4 y). We hypothesized that CF would slow the V˙O2 kinetic response at the onset of moderate (MOD) and very heavy (VH) intensity cycling. METHODS: Changes in breath-by-breath V˙O2, near-infrared spectroscopy-derived muscle deoxygenation ([HHb]) at the m...
June 9, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279848/cardiovascular-diseases-in-patients-65-years-and-younger-with-non-cardiogenic-stroke
#18
Anetta Lasek-Bal, Zbigniew Gąsior
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 10-15% of patients with stroke are under 65 years of age. The aim of the study was to determine types of stroke In people below 65. We analysed the incidence and types of associated cardiovascular diseases in patients with non-cardiogenic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective study patients (aged ≤ 65) with stroke underwent physical examination, computed tomography of the head, blood tests, electrocardiogram, echocardiography, and transcranial and carotid artery ultrasound...
June 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245699/cardiovascular-safety-of-methylphenidate-among-children-and-young-people-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-nationwide-self-controlled-case-series-study
#19
Ju-Young Shin, Elizabeth E Roughead, Byung-Joo Park, Nicole L Pratt
OBJECTIVE:  To determine whether treatment with methylphenidate in children and young people with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was associated with cardiovascular events. DESIGN:  Self controlled case series analysis. SETTING:  Nationwide health insurance database, 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2011, in South Korea. PARTICIPANTS:  1224 patients aged ≤17 who had experienced an incident cardiovascular event and had had at least one incident prescription for methylphenidate...
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27143683/low-systolic-blood-pressure-and-vascular-mortality-among-more-than-1-million-korean-adults
#20
Sang-Wook Yi, Yejin Mok, Heechoul Ohrr, Jee-Jeon Yi, Young Duk Yun, Jihwan Park, Sun Ha Jee
BACKGROUND: The association between low systolic blood pressure (SBP) and vascular disease is unclear, especially in nonclinical populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 1 235 246 individuals who participated in routine medical examinations between 1992 and 1995. The hazard ratios (HRs) were adjusted for potential confounders. During 22.7 million person-years of follow-up, 34 816 individuals died of atherosclerotic vascular diseases. An increase in SBP was directly related to an increase in vascular mortality at SBP above ≈100 mmHg...
June 14, 2016: Circulation
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