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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491883/haemophilus-parainfluenzae-endocarditis-associated-with-maxillary-sinusitis-and-complicated-by-cerebral-emboli-in-a-young-man
#1
Anthony E Duzenli, John Dwyer, Jeanne Carey
HACEK endocarditis is often difficult to diagnose given the slow-growing characteristics of the organisms involved. Haemophilus parainfluenzae, one of the HACEK organisms, is an uncommon cause of endocarditis. We describe a case of a previously healthy young man with H parainfluenzae endocarditis that was associated with maxillary sinusitis and severe systemic complications, including septic cerebral emboli and mitral valve perforation. Previously reported cases have also described a predilection for younger people, cardiac valve pathology, and a high prevalence of stroke...
April 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422629/development-and-alternate-form-reliability-of-the-complex-task-performance-assessment-ctpa-for-people-with-mild-stroke
#2
Juan Pablo Saa, Meghan Doherty, Alexis Young, Meredith Spiers, Emily Leary, Timothy J Wolf
Cognitive impairment is a common consequence of mild stroke. Current performance-based assessments for mild stroke can detect mild impairments in executive function but lack alternate forms to be used as outcome measures. This study aimed to develop an alternate form of the Complex Task Performance Assessment (CTPA-Alt), a performance-based assessment of executive function, and to establish the alternate form reliability of the CTPA-Alt. A repeated-measures study was conducted with 26 community participants...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400903/neurosarcoidosis-presenting-with-recurrent-strokes-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Naheed Raza, Karisa C Schreck
Neurosarcoidosis is a rare but important cause of stroke as it is treatable. Cases reported thus far have primarily been in young people who are relatively healthy. Here we report the case of a 73-year-old woman presenting with recurrent strokes and high-grade intracranial stenosis caused by probable neurosarcoidosis. This is unique as neurosarcoidosis is not usually considered as an etiology for recurrent strokes in our patient's age-group. We review and categorize published cases of neurosarcoidosis causing stroke and describe a classification scheme for certainty of diagnosis...
April 2017: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398967/current-trends-in-exercise-intervention-research-technology-and-behavioral-change-strategies-for-people-with-disabilities-a-scoping-review
#4
Byron Lai, Hui-Ju Young, C Scott Bickel, Robert W Motl, James H Rimmer
This review synthesized physical activity and exercise intervention literature for the past 10 yrs for people with physical and cognitive disabilities including intervention characteristics, behavior change strategies, and types of technologies used to improve targeted outcomes. Systematic searches yielded 132 eligible studies. The major disability groups were multiple sclerosis (41%), stroke (15%), and spinal cord injury (12%). Research designs primarily involved randomized controlled trials (61%) versus quasi-experimental designs (39%)...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395081/are-more-young-people-having-strokes-a-simple-question-with-an-uncertain-answer
#5
James F Burke, Lesli E Skolarus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390402/an-analysis-of-depressive-symptoms-in-stroke-survivors-verification-of-a-moderating-effect-of-demographic-characteristics
#6
Eun-Young Park, Jung-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: The rehabilitation of depressed stroke patients is more difficult because poststroke depression is associated with disruption of daily activities, functioning, and quality of life. However, research on depression in stroke patients is limited. The aim of our study was to evaluate the interaction of demographic characteristics including gender, age, education level, the presence of a spouse, and income status on depressive symptoms in stroke patients and to identify groups that may need more attention with respect to depressive symptoms...
April 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368550/home-or-foster-home-care-versus-institutional-long-term-care-for-functionally-dependent-older-people
#7
REVIEW
Camilla Young, Amanda M Hall, Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Terry J Quinn, Lotty Hooft, Barbara C van Munster, David J Stott
BACKGROUND: Changing population demographics have led to an increasing number of functionally dependent older people who require care and medical treatment. In many countries, government policy aims to shift resources into the community from institutional care settings with the expectation that this will reduce costs and improve the quality of care compared. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of long-term home or foster home care versus institutional care for functionally dependent older people...
April 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324754/effects-of-sit-to-stand-training-combined-with-transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-on-spasticity-muscle-strength-and-balance-ability-in-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Kyoung-Sim Jung, Tae-Sung In, Hwi-Young Cho
Sit-to-stand is a fundamental movement of human being for performing mobility and independent activity. However, Stroke people symptoms experience difficulty in conducting the sit-to-stand due to paralysis and especially ankle spasticity. Recently, transcutaneouselectrical- stimulation (TENS) is used to reduce pain but also to manage spasticity. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) whether TENS would lead to ankle spasticity reduction and (2) whether sit-to-stand training combined with TENS would improve spasticity, muscle strength and balance ability in stroke patients...
March 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300652/increased-risk-of-stroke-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
P-S Hsu, H-H Lin, C-R Li, W-S Chung
OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthritis (OA) is related to carotid atherosclerosis. Few studies have investigated the incidence of cerebrovascular diseases in patients with OA. Therefore, we conducted a population-based cohort study to determine the incidence and risk of stroke in patients with OA. METHODS: We used data from Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 (LHID2000) to investigate the incidence of stroke in 43,635 patients with OA newly diagnosed between 2002 and 2003...
March 11, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282416/impact-of-level-and-patterns-of-alcohol-drinking-on-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke-burden-in-argentina
#10
Ariel Esteban Bardach, Joaquín Enzo Caporale, Adolfo Luis Rubinstein, Goodarz Danaei
BACKGROUND: Deaths from cardiovascular disease (CVD), including coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke are expected to increase in Latin America. Moderate and regular alcohol consumption confers cardiovascular protection, while binge drinking increases risk. We estimated the effects of alcohol use on the number of annual CHD and stroke deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in Argentina. METHODS: Alcohol use data were obtained from a nationally representative survey (EnPreCosp 2011), and etiological effect sizes from meta-analyses of epidemiological studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196265/association-of-coronary-artery-calcium-in-adults-aged-32-to-46-years-with-incident-coronary-heart-disease-and-death
#11
John Jeffrey Carr, David R Jacobs, James G Terry, Christina M Shay, Stephen Sidney, Kiang Liu, Pamela J Schreiner, Cora E Lewis, James M Shikany, Jared P Reis, David C Goff
Importance: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, prognostic data on CAC are limited in younger adults. Objective: To determine if CAC in adults aged 32 to 46 years is associated with incident clinical CHD, CVD, and all-cause mortality during 12.5 years of follow-up. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study is a prospective community-based study that recruited 5115 black and white participants aged 18 to 30 years from March 25, 1985, to June 7, 1986...
April 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191654/epidemiology-and-cardiovascular-comorbidities-in-patients-with-psoriasis-a-korean-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Eui Hyun Oh, Young Suck Ro, Jeong Eun Kim
There is a lack of nationwide studies examining the epidemiology and comorbidities of psoriasis vulgaris (PsV) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in Asian populations. The purpose of this study is to determine the demographics of psoriasis in Korea along with the incidence of cerebro-cardiovascular (CV) comorbidities and to compare these risks between populations with PsA and with PsV. This cohort study identified 15 484 patients with psoriasis among 855 003 subjects in the Korean National Health Insurance Database from 2002 through 2010...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110889/reliability-and-validity-of-culturally-adapted-executive-function-performance-test-for-koreans-with-stroke
#13
Hee Kim, Yu-Na Lee, Eun-Mi Jo, Eun-Young Lee
BACKGROUND: Executive Function Performance Test was unusable in Asia because of cultural differences, although evaluating the effect that executive function has on real life is essential to people with stroke. The aims of this study were to report the development and standardization of culturally appropriate Executive Function Performance Test for Koreans (EFPT-K) and to verify its reliability and validity in the stroke population. METHODS: EFPT-K was developed by going through the process of translation, back-translation, and an expert committee's conference on cultural adaptation...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011022/effects-of-ambient-temperature-on-stroke-hospital-admissions-results-from-a-time-series-analysis-of-104-432-strokes-in-guangzhou-china
#14
Pi Guo, Murui Zheng, Wenru Feng, Jiagang Wu, Changyu Deng, Ganfeng Luo, Li Wang, Bingying Pan, Huazhang Liu
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a main cause of death and public health burden in China. The evidence on the burden of different strokes attack attribute to ambient temperature in China is limited. This study aimed to show the characteristics of stroke attack and the attributable risk due to temperature based on hospital admission data in Guangzhou, one of the most developed cities in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015, 104,432 stroke hospitalizations in Guangzhou residents from 67 hospitals for stroke sentinel surveillance were registered...
February 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890765/revascularization-of-moyamoya-angiopathy-in-older-adults
#15
Richard W Williamson, Adib A Abla, Joseph M Zabramski, Peter Nakaji, Robert F Spetzler, John E Wanebo
BACKGROUND: Moyamoya angiopathy most often manifests in patients in the second and third decades of life. Although uncommon, it can also manifest later in life. We present our results in patients >50 years old with moyamoya angiopathy who were treated with surgical revascularization via either direct bypass or indirect bypass (encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted to identify patients with moyamoya disease who were treated with surgical revascularization at our institution between 2002 and 2015...
March 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816343/epidemiology-of-stroke-in-europe-and-trends-for-the-21st-century
#16
Yannick Béjot, Henri Bailly, Jérôme Durier, Maurice Giroud
Despite major improvements in primary prevention and acute treatment over the last decades, stroke is still a devastating disease. At the beginning of the 21st century, the age-standardized incidence of stroke in Europe ranged from 95 to 290/100,000 per year, with one-month case-fatality rates ranging from 13 to 35%. Approximately 1.1 million inhabitants of Europe suffered a stroke each year, and ischemic stroke accounted for approximately 80% of cases. Although global stroke incidence is declining, rates observed in young adults are on the rise, thus suggesting a need for strategies to improve prevention...
December 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806518/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-dispatching-of-traumatic-brain-injuries-in-the-fifth-period-at-the-rajaie-hospital-in-ghachsaran
#17
Abouzar Alidadi, Rooholah Zaboli, Razzagh Abedi, Mohammad Reza Soltanizarandi
INTRODUCTION: Increasing car accidents in young group and head-stroke mechanisms in developing countryis are the main cause of brain lesions and injuries related to trauma, so that traumatic severe brain lesions and injuries and uncontrollable hemorrhage are the major cause of mortality and morbidity due to trauma. Statistical analysis and factors along with main injuries can give us useful information in the field of injury management, patient dispatching management, proper scheduling, and patients dispatching to appropriate centers...
July 25, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784343/patterns-of-association-of-chronic-medical-conditions-and-major-depression
#18
S B Patten, J V A Williams, D H Lavorato, J L Wang, N Jetté, T T Sajobi, K M Fiest, A G M Bulloch
AIMS: Age and sex-related patterns of association between medical conditions and major depressive episodes (MDE) are important for understanding disease burden, anticipating clinical needs and for formulating etiological hypotheses. General population estimates are especially valuable because they are not distorted by help-seeking behaviours. However, even large population surveys often deliver inadequate precision to adequately describe such patterns. In this study, data from a set of national surveys were pooled to increase precision, supporting more precise characterisation of these associations...
October 27, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754113/os-22-09-population-attributable-risk-of-hypertension-in-development-of-stroke-using-the-national-sample-cohort
#19
Sunhee Kim, Nam-Kyoo Lim, Jung Hoon Lee, Hyun-Young Park
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension has been discussed as a key role in developing cardiovascular diseases. The stroke incidence is relatively high in South Korea compared to other countries. In our research, we quantified the impact of hypertension by estimating population attributable-risk in the development of stroke. DESIGN AND METHOD: We selected 154,786 people aged over 40 among National Health Insurance Service-National sample cohort who have not diagnosed either stroke or TIA within baseline periods (2002-2005)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753831/sy-04-1-cvd-risk-prediction-in-high-risk-versus-low-risk-populations
#20
Hyeon Chang Kim
Disease risk prediction models have been developed to assess the impact of multiple risk factors and to estimate an individual's absolute disease risk. Accurate disease prediction is essential for personalized prevention, because the benefits, risks, and costs of alternative strategies must be weighed to choose the best preventive strategy for individual patients. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) prediction is the earliest example of individual risk predictions. Since the Framingham study reported a CVD risk prediction method in 1976, an increasing number of risk assessment tools have been developed to CVD risk in various settings...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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