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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791947/global-burden-of-stroke
#1
Mira Katan, Andreas Luft
Stroke is the second leading cause of death and a major cause of disability worldwide. Its incidence is increasing because the population ages. In addition, more young people are affected by stroke in low- and middle-income countries. Ischemic stroke is more frequent but hemorrhagic stroke is responsible for more deaths and disability-adjusted life-years lost. Incidence and mortality of stroke differ between countries, geographical regions, and ethnic groups. In high-income countries mainly, improvements in prevention, acute treatment, and neurorehabilitation have led to a substantial decrease in the burden of stroke over the past 30 years...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767602/excess-stroke-incidence-in-young-aboriginal-people-in-south-australia-pooled-results-from-two-population-based-studies
#2
Anna H Balabanski, Jonathan Newbury, James M Leyden, Hisatomi Arima, Craig S Anderson, Sally Castle, Jennifer Cranefield, Tracey Paterson, Amanda G Thrift, Judith Katzenellenbogen, Alex Brown, Timothy J Kleinig
Background Retrospective data indicate increased stroke incidence in Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians, possibly with poorer outcomes. We present the first prospective population-based stroke incidence study in Indigenous Australians. Methods We pooled data from ASCEND and SEARCH, two prospective "ideal" South Australian stroke incidence studies, ASCEND conducted in urban Northwestern Adelaide (2009-2010) and SEARCH in five South Australian rural centers (2009-2011). We calculated age-standardized incidence for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751520/young-adult-polycystic-kidney-disease-is-associated-with-major-cardiovascular-complications
#3
Ya-Wen Chuang, Tung-Min Yu, Shih-Ting Huang, Kuo-Ting Sun, Ying-Chih Lo, Pin-Kuei Fu, Bor-Jen Lee, Cheng-Hsu Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
Background: Patients with polycystic kidney disease (PKD) might have a risk of cardiovascular diseases because several cardiovascular risk factors are occasionally associated with PKD patients. Data on the association between PKD and the risk of cardiovascular events, including acute coronary syndrome (ACS), stroke, and congestive heart failure (CHF), are scant. Methods: Patients aged ≥20 years who were newly diagnosed with PKD (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes 753...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628338/stroke-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-individuals-in-sub-saharan-africa-ssa-a-systematic-review
#4
Amir Abdallah, Jonathan L Chang, Cumara B O'Carroll, Abdu Musubire, Felicia C Chow, Anthony L Wilson, Mark J Siedner
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with worse outcomes after stroke, but this association is less well-described in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We reviewed literature on stroke among people living with HIV (PLWH) in SSA. METHODS: We systematically reviewed published literature for original clinical stroke studies conducted in SSA that included PLWH. We included studies that reported data on presenting characteristics, risk factors, and/or outcomes after stroke...
July 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621789/temporal-trends-of-stroke-epidemiology-in-southern-sweden-a-population-based-study-on-stroke-incidence-and-early-case-fatality
#5
Joseph Aked, Hossein Delavaran, Bo Norrving, Arne Lindgren
BACKGROUND: Up-to-date epidemiological stroke studies are important for healthcare planning and evaluating prevention strategies. This population-based study investigates temporal trends in stroke incidence and case-fatality in southern Sweden. METHODS: First-ever stroke cases in the local catchment area of Skåne University Hospital in Lund, Sweden, between March, 2015 and February, 2016, were included from several sources, including 2 prospective hospital-based registers, retrospective screening of primary care visits, and autopsy registers...
2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614682/non-genetic-risk-factors-for-degenerative-and-vascular-young-onset-dementia-results-from-the-inspired-and-kgow-studies
#6
Monica Cations, Brian Draper, Lee-Fay Low, Kylie Radford, Julian Trollor, Henry Brodaty, Perminder Sachdev, Peter Gonski, Gerald Anthony Broe, Adrienne Withall
BACKGROUND: Several brain reserve, vascular risk, and other modifiable factors have been associated with late-onset dementia, but their association with young onset dementia (YOD) has not been adequately explored. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of cognitive reserve enhancing factors, cardiovascular risk factors (including smoking), depression, alcohol use, and traumatic brain injury (TBI) with non-autosomal dominant degenerative and/or vascular YOD. METHODS: Data for this matched case-control study were taken from two larger studies conducted in NSW, Australia...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604488/prefrontal-over-activation-during-walking-in-people-with-mobility-deficits-interpretation-and-functional-implications
#7
Kelly A Hawkins, Emily J Fox, Janis J Daly, Dorian K Rose, Evangelos A Christou, Theresa E McGuirk, Dana M Otzel, Katie A Butera, Sudeshna A Chatterjee, David J Clark
BACKGROUND: Control of walking by the central nervous system includes contributions from executive control mechanisms, such as attention and motor planning resources. Executive control of walking can be estimated objectively by recording prefrontal cortical activity using functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to investigate group differences in prefrontal/executive control of walking among young adults, older adults, and adults post-stroke...
June 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542813/a-common-data-language-for-clinical-research-studies-the-national-institute-of-neurological-disorders-and-stroke-and-american-academy-for-cerebral-palsy-and-developmental-medicine-cerebral-palsy-common-data-elements-version-1-0-recommendations
#8
REVIEW
Verónica Schiariti, Eileen Fowler, Joline E Brandenburg, Eric Levey, Sarah Mcintyre, Theresa Sukal-Moulton, Sharon L Ramey, Jessica Rose, Susan Sienko, Elaine Stashinko, Laura Vogtle, Robin S Feldman, James I Koenig
To increase the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical research studies, cerebral palsy (CP) specific Common Data Elements (CDEs) were developed through a partnership between the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and the American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine (AACPDM). International experts reviewed existing NINDS CDEs and tools used in studies of children and young people with CP. CDEs were compiled, subjected to internal review, and posted online for external public comment in September 2016...
March 15, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526284/history-of-percutaneous-left-atrial-appendage-occlusion-with-amplatzer-devices
#9
REVIEW
Bernhard Meier, Wim Stegink, Apostolos Tzikas
AMPLATZER devices preceded WATCHMAN occluder in 2002 for catheter-based left atrial appendage occlusion. The AMPLATZER technique facilitates simultaneous closure of atrial shunts using two devices through one gear. Randomized WATCHMAN follow-up data showed a mortality benefit over warfarin. AMPLATZER data make this likely valid for the strategy. Particularly young people with atrial fibrillation should be offered left atrial appendage occlusion because the risk is confined to the intervention and early postintervention period...
April 2018: Interventional Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524160/development-of-foundational-movement-skills-a-conceptual-model-for-physical-activity-across-the-lifespan
#10
Ryan M Hulteen, Philip J Morgan, Lisa M Barnett, David F Stodden, David R Lubans
Evidence supports a positive association between competence in fundamental movement skills (e.g., kicking, jumping) and physical activity in young people. Whilst important, fundamental movement skills do not reflect the broad diversity of skills utilized in physical activity pursuits across the lifespan. Debate surrounds the question of what are the most salient skills to be learned which facilitate physical activity participation across the lifespan. In this paper, it is proposed that the term 'fundamental movement skills' be replaced with 'foundational movement skills'...
March 9, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461155/cut-stroke-in-half-polypill-for-primary-prevention-in-stroke
#11
Michael Brainin, Valery Feigin, Sheila Martins, Karl Matz, Jayanta Roy, Peter Sandercock, Yvonne Teuschl, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Anita Wiseman
This review summarizes the potential for polypill therapies for stroke prevention. While a number of studies applying different approaches regarding polypill have been performed, none of them has had a focus on stroke as the main outcome. A combination pill containing drugs such as statins, diuretics, and other antihypertensives is currently available in various formats. Estimates focusing mostly on primary prevention show that using such a combination drug a reduction in the 5-year stroke incidence by 50% can be achieved - especially in low- and middle-income countries with a high prevalence of risk factors even among people at young ages...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441421/diagnostic-error-in-stroke-reasons-and-proposed-solutions
#12
REVIEW
Ekaterina Bakradze, Ava L Liberman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We discuss the frequency of stroke misdiagnosis and identify subgroups of stroke at high risk for specific diagnostic errors. In addition, we review common reasons for misdiagnosis and propose solutions to decrease error. RECENT FINDINGS: According to a recent report by the National Academy of Medicine, most people in the USA are likely to experience a diagnostic error during their lifetimes. Nearly half of such errors result in serious disability and death...
February 13, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426384/development-of-internet-based-tasks-for-the-executive-function-performance-test
#13
Debbie Rand, Keren Lee Ben-Haim, Rachel Malka, Sigal Portnoy
OBJECTIVE: The Executive Function Performance Test (EFPT) is a reliable and valid performance-based tool to assess executive functions (EFs). This study's objective was to develop and verify two Internet-based tasks for the EFPT. METHOD: A cross-sectional study assessed the alternate-form reliability of the Internet-based bill-paying and telephone-use tasks in healthy adults and people with subacute stroke (Study 1). It also sought to establish the tasks' criterion reliability for assessing EF deficits by correlating performance with that on the Trail Making Test in five groups: healthy young adults, healthy older adults, people with subacute stroke, people with chronic stroke, and young adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (Study 2)...
March 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374634/neurogenic-pulmonary-oedema-secondary-to-vertebral-artery-dissection-while-playing-tennis
#14
Manaf Aljishi, Sisira Jayathissa
We present a case of a patient who developed vertebral artery dissection (VAD) while playing tennis and presented with neurogenic pulmonary oedema. The case highlights two important points: acute pulmonary oedema as an unusual presenting feature of VAD and VAD, an important cause of stroke in young people, as being associated with playing low-impact sports such as tennis. These associations, independent of each other, are under-recognised and can lead to a delay in diagnosis.
January 26, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345591/should-antithrombotic-treatment-strategies-in-east-asians-differ-from-caucasians-focused-on-acs-or-pci-treated-patients
#15
Jae Seok Bae, Jong-Hwa Ahn, Udaya Tantry, Paul A Gurbel, Young-Hoon Jeong
With over 1.5 billion people, East Asians are the most populous race in the world. Health status in this population is an important global issue. In the contemporary trials of antithrombotic treatment, East Asian patients have a lower risk for atherothrombotic diseases (especially, coronary artery disease [CAD]) and a higher risk for bleeding (especially, gastrointestinal bleeding and hemorrhagic stroke). Despite these observations, antithrombotic treatment strategies in East Asian patients are mainly based on the American or European guidelines that are derived from randomized, controlled trials including mostly Caucasians...
January 16, 2018: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345501/-it-s-nothing-you-could-ever-prepare-anyone-for-the-experiences-of-young-people-and-their-families-following-parental-stroke
#16
Clare Coppock, Scott Ferguson, Anna Green, David Winter
AIMS: This study sought to explore the experiences of young people (aged 8-16) and their families following parental acquired brain injury (ABI), with the aim of developing an understanding of the ways in which members of a family make sense of events post-injury, and to consider the implications of different perspectives on adjustment and coping. DESIGN: The study applied a qualitative approach using a thematic analysis methodology. PROCEDURE: Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 individuals from three families affected by parental stroke...
January 18, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325730/use-of-cardiovascular-polypills-for-the-secondary-prevention-of-cerebrovascular-disease
#17
J Masjuan, J Gállego, J M Aguilera, J F Arenillas, M Castellanos, F Díaz, J C Portilla, F Purroy
INTRODUCTION: There is little control of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in secondary prevention after an ischaemic stroke, in part due to a lack of adherence to treatment. The CV polypill may contribute to proper treatment adherence, which is necessary for CV disease prevention. This study aimed to establish how and in what cases the CV polypill should be administered. METHODS: A group of 8 neurologists drafted consensus recommendations using structured brainstorming and based on their experience and a literature review...
January 8, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261153/protective-effects-of-ambient-ozone-on-incidence-and-outcomes-of-ischemic-stroke-in-changzhou-china-a-time-series-study
#18
Yongquan Yu, Huibin Dong, Shen Yao, Minghui Ji, Xingjuan Yao, Zhan Zhang
The potential beneficial effect of ozone (O₃) on stroke had been identified experimentally and clinically, but these effects remain controversial in population-based studies. This study aimed to explore the epidemiological association between O₃ and risk of ischemic stroke. Ischemic stroke related health data and air pollution data were obtained from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and Environmental Monitoring Center in Changzhou between 2015 and 2016, respectively. The associations between the short-term exposure to O₃ and daily ischemic stroke onsets and deaths were examined based on time-series generalized additive Poisson model...
December 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099327/extensive-cerebrovascular-disease-and-stroke-with-prolonged-prodromal-symptoms-as-first-presentation-of-perinatally-acquired-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-a-young-adult
#19
T G Chigonda, G T Chatora, G W Ngwende, R F Miller, R A Ferrand
A 26-year-old black African woman presented with an acute onset of hemiparesis and visual symptoms. This had been preceded several months by symptoms which were apparently psychiatric in nature. She had no apparent risk for cerebrovascular disease. Neurological evaluation revealed a striking burden of cerebrovascular disease for her age, including the rare stroke syndrome of basilar artery occlusion. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was identified during clinical assessment. This was judged to be perinatally acquired, as there was no history of sexual debut or blood transfusion; her mother was taking antiretroviral therapy and she had facial planar warts and underlying bronchiectasis...
May 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986426/increase-of-stroke-incidence-in-young-adults-in-a-middle-income-country-a-10-year-population-based-study
#20
Norberto Luiz Cabral, Aracélli Tavares Freire, Adriana Bastos Conforto, Nayara Dos Santos, Felipe Ibiapina Reis, Vivian Nagel, Vanessa V Guesser, Juliana Safanelli, Alexandre L Longo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The incidence of stroke is on the rise in young adults in high-income countries. However, there is a gap of knowledge about trends in stroke incidence in young adults from low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to measure trends in incidence of ischemic stroke (IS) and intracerebral hemorrhage (IH) in young people from 2005 to 2015 in Joinville, Brazil. METHODS: We retrospectively ascertained all first-ever IS subtypes and IH that occurred in Joinville in the periods of 2005 to 2006, 2010 to 2011, and 2014 to 2015...
November 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
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