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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691203/previously-undiagnosed-risk-factors-and-medication-nonadherence-are-prevalent-in-young-adults-with-first-ever-stroke
#1
Sheng-Feng Sung, Edward Chia-Cheng Lai, Darren Philbert Wu, Cheng-Yang Hsieh
PURPOSE: The incidence of stroke and prevalence of traditional vascular risk factors (VRFs) in young adults (age < 55 y) are both increasing. Young patients tend to be unaware of their VRFs and to have lower medication adherence. We examined how age affects the prevalence of previously undiagnosed VRFs and the extent of medication nonadherence among stroke patients. METHODS: Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, we identified consecutive adult patients with first-ever stroke between 2000 and 2013...
July 10, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626830/overweight-obesity-and-risk-of-cardiometabolic-multimorbidity-pooled-analysis-of-individual-level-data-for-120%C3%A2-813-adults-from-16-cohort-studies-from-the-usa-and-europe
#2
Mika Kivimäki, Eeva Kuosma, Jane E Ferrie, Ritva Luukkonen, Solja T Nyberg, Lars Alfredsson, G David Batty, Eric J Brunner, Eleonor Fransson, Marcel Goldberg, Anders Knutsson, Markku Koskenvuo, Maria Nordin, Tuula Oksanen, Jaana Pentti, Reiner Rugulies, Martin J Shipley, Archana Singh-Manoux, Andrew Steptoe, Sakari B Suominen, Töres Theorell, Jussi Vahtera, Marianna Virtanen, Peter Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Marie Zins, Mark Hamer, Joshua A Bell, Adam G Tabak, Markus Jokela
BACKGROUND: Although overweight and obesity have been studied in relation to individual cardiometabolic diseases, their association with risk of cardiometabolic multimorbidity is poorly understood. Here we aimed to establish the risk of incident cardiometabolic multimorbidity (ie, at least two from: type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and stroke) in adults who are overweight and obese compared with those who are a healthy weight. METHODS: We pooled individual-participant data for BMI and incident cardiometabolic multimorbidity from 16 prospective cohort studies from the USA and Europe...
June 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622383/long-term-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-patients-hospitalized-with-ischemic-stroke-from-1995-to-2010-in-sweden
#3
Kok Wai Giang, Zacharias Mandalenakis, Susanne Nielsen, Lena Björck, Georgios Lappas, Martin Adiels, Christina Jern, Annika Rosengren
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of stroke is expected to increase partly because of prolonged life expectancy in the general population. The objective of this study was to investigate trends in the prevalence of patients hospitalized with ischemic stroke (IS) in Sweden from 1995-2010. METHODS: The Swedish inpatient and cause-specific death registries were used to estimate the absolute numbers and prevalence of patients who were hospitalized with and survived an IS from 1995-2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614161/multiple-cerebral-infarcts-in-a-young-patient-associated-with-marijuana-use
#4
Leila Costa Volpon, Camila Lacerda Muniz de Melo Sousa, Silvia Keiko Kavaguti Moreira, Sara Reis Teixeira, Ana Paula de Carvalho Panzeri Carlotti
: Cerebrovascular events associated with marijuana use have been reported previously. This association is plausible, but not well-established yet. A 14-year-old girl, long-term heavy cannabis user, presented with generalized tonic-clonic seizures and decreased level of consciousness a few hours after smoking cannabis. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple areas of acute, subacute and chronic ischemic lesions in the left frontal lobe, basal ganglia, and corpus callosum. History of other illicit drug use and other known causes of stroke were ruled out...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597693/the-effects-of-mental-practice-combined-with-modified-constraint-induced-therapy-on-corticospinal-excitability-movement-quality-function-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-persons-with-stroke
#5
Hee Kim, Eun-Young Yoo, Min-Ye Jung, Jongbae Kim, Ji-Hyuk Park, Dae-Hyuk Kang
PURPOSE: Studies on to what extent the combined therapy of modified constraint-induced movement therapy and mental practice is more effective than modified constraint-induced movement therapy alone are lacking. This study aims to compare the effects of the combined therapy with modified constraint-induced movement therapy alone on corticospinal excitability, quality of the movement of the affected upper extremity, upper motor functions, and performance of the affected arm in daily life of hemiplegic stroke patients...
June 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491883/haemophilus-parainfluenzae-endocarditis-associated-with-maxillary-sinusitis-and-complicated-by-cerebral-emboli-in-a-young-man
#6
Anthony E Duzenli, John Dwyer, Jeanne Carey
HACEK endocarditis is often difficult to diagnose given the slow-growing characteristics of the organisms involved. Haemophilus parainfluenzae, one of the HACEK organisms, is an uncommon cause of endocarditis. We describe a case of a previously healthy young man with H parainfluenzae endocarditis that was associated with maxillary sinusitis and severe systemic complications, including septic cerebral emboli and mitral valve perforation. Previously reported cases have also described a predilection for younger people, cardiac valve pathology, and a high prevalence of stroke...
April 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422629/development-and-alternate-form-reliability-of-the-complex-task-performance-assessment-ctpa-for-people-with-mild-stroke
#7
Juan Pablo Saa, Meghan Doherty, Alexis Young, Meredith Spiers, Emily Leary, Timothy J Wolf
Cognitive impairment is a common consequence of mild stroke. Current performance-based assessments for mild stroke can detect mild impairments in executive function but lack alternate forms to be used as outcome measures. This study aimed to develop an alternate form of the Complex Task Performance Assessment (CTPA-Alt), a performance-based assessment of executive function, and to establish the alternate form reliability of the CTPA-Alt. A repeated-measures study was conducted with 26 community participants...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400903/neurosarcoidosis-presenting-with-recurrent-strokes-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Naheed Raza, Karisa C Schreck
Neurosarcoidosis is a rare but important cause of stroke as it is treatable. Cases reported thus far have primarily been in young people who are relatively healthy. Here we report the case of a 73-year-old woman presenting with recurrent strokes and high-grade intracranial stenosis caused by probable neurosarcoidosis. This is unique as neurosarcoidosis is not usually considered as an etiology for recurrent strokes in our patient's age-group. We review and categorize published cases of neurosarcoidosis causing stroke and describe a classification scheme for certainty of diagnosis...
April 2017: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398967/current-trends-in-exercise-intervention-research-technology-and-behavioral-change-strategies-for-people-with-disabilities-a-scoping-review
#9
Byron Lai, Hui-Ju Young, C Scott Bickel, Robert W Motl, James H Rimmer
This review synthesized physical activity and exercise intervention literature for the past 10 yrs for people with physical and cognitive disabilities including intervention characteristics, behavior change strategies, and types of technologies used to improve targeted outcomes. Systematic searches yielded 132 eligible studies. The major disability groups were multiple sclerosis (41%), stroke (15%), and spinal cord injury (12%). Research designs primarily involved randomized controlled trials (61%) versus quasi-experimental designs (39%)...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395081/are-more-young-people-having-strokes-a-simple-question-with-an-uncertain-answer
#10
James F Burke, Lesli E Skolarus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390402/an-analysis-of-depressive-symptoms-in-stroke-survivors-verification-of-a-moderating-effect-of-demographic-characteristics
#11
Eun-Young Park, Jung-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: The rehabilitation of depressed stroke patients is more difficult because poststroke depression is associated with disruption of daily activities, functioning, and quality of life. However, research on depression in stroke patients is limited. The aim of our study was to evaluate the interaction of demographic characteristics including gender, age, education level, the presence of a spouse, and income status on depressive symptoms in stroke patients and to identify groups that may need more attention with respect to depressive symptoms...
April 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368550/home-or-foster-home-care-versus-institutional-long-term-care-for-functionally-dependent-older-people
#12
REVIEW
Camilla Young, Amanda M Hall, Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Terry J Quinn, Lotty Hooft, Barbara C van Munster, David J Stott
BACKGROUND: Changing population demographics have led to an increasing number of functionally dependent older people who require care and medical treatment. In many countries, government policy aims to shift resources into the community from institutional care settings with the expectation that this will reduce costs and improve the quality of care compared. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of long-term home or foster home care versus institutional care for functionally dependent older people...
April 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324754/effects-of-sit-to-stand-training-combined-with-transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-on-spasticity-muscle-strength-and-balance-ability-in-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Kyoung-Sim Jung, Tae-Sung In, Hwi-Young Cho
Sit-to-stand is a fundamental movement of human being for performing mobility and independent activity. However, Stroke people symptoms experience difficulty in conducting the sit-to-stand due to paralysis and especially ankle spasticity. Recently, transcutaneouselectrical- stimulation (TENS) is used to reduce pain but also to manage spasticity. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) whether TENS would lead to ankle spasticity reduction and (2) whether sit-to-stand training combined with TENS would improve spasticity, muscle strength and balance ability in stroke patients...
March 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300652/increased-risk-of-stroke-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#14
P-S Hsu, H-H Lin, C-R Li, W-S Chung
OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthritis (OA) is related to carotid atherosclerosis. Few studies have investigated the incidence of cerebrovascular diseases in patients with OA. Therefore, we conducted a population-based cohort study to determine the incidence and risk of stroke in patients with OA. METHODS: We used data from Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 (LHID2000) to investigate the incidence of stroke in 43,635 patients with OA newly diagnosed between 2002 and 2003...
March 11, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282416/impact-of-level-and-patterns-of-alcohol-drinking-on-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke-burden-in-argentina
#15
Ariel Esteban Bardach, Joaquín Enzo Caporale, Adolfo Luis Rubinstein, Goodarz Danaei
BACKGROUND: Deaths from cardiovascular disease (CVD), including coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke are expected to increase in Latin America. Moderate and regular alcohol consumption confers cardiovascular protection, while binge drinking increases risk. We estimated the effects of alcohol use on the number of annual CHD and stroke deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in Argentina. METHODS: Alcohol use data were obtained from a nationally representative survey (EnPreCosp 2011), and etiological effect sizes from meta-analyses of epidemiological studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196265/association-of-coronary-artery-calcium-in-adults-aged-32-to-46-years-with-incident-coronary-heart-disease-and-death
#16
John Jeffrey Carr, David R Jacobs, James G Terry, Christina M Shay, Stephen Sidney, Kiang Liu, Pamela J Schreiner, Cora E Lewis, James M Shikany, Jared P Reis, David C Goff
Importance: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, prognostic data on CAC are limited in younger adults. Objective: To determine if CAC in adults aged 32 to 46 years is associated with incident clinical CHD, CVD, and all-cause mortality during 12.5 years of follow-up. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study is a prospective community-based study that recruited 5115 black and white participants aged 18 to 30 years from March 25, 1985, to June 7, 1986...
April 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191654/epidemiology-and-cardiovascular-comorbidities-in-patients-with-psoriasis-a-korean-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Eui Hyun Oh, Young Suck Ro, Jeong Eun Kim
There is a lack of nationwide studies examining the epidemiology and comorbidities of psoriasis vulgaris (PsV) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in Asian populations. The purpose of this study is to determine the demographics of psoriasis in Korea along with the incidence of cerebro-cardiovascular (CV) comorbidities and to compare these risks between populations with PsA and with PsV. This cohort study identified 15 484 patients with psoriasis among 855 003 subjects in the Korean National Health Insurance Database from 2002 through 2010...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110889/reliability-and-validity-of-culturally-adapted-executive-function-performance-test-for-koreans-with-stroke
#18
Hee Kim, Yu-Na Lee, Eun-Mi Jo, Eun-Young Lee
BACKGROUND: Executive Function Performance Test was unusable in Asia because of cultural differences, although evaluating the effect that executive function has on real life is essential to people with stroke. The aims of this study were to report the development and standardization of culturally appropriate Executive Function Performance Test for Koreans (EFPT-K) and to verify its reliability and validity in the stroke population. METHODS: EFPT-K was developed by going through the process of translation, back-translation, and an expert committee's conference on cultural adaptation...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011022/effects-of-ambient-temperature-on-stroke-hospital-admissions-results-from-a-time-series-analysis-of-104-432-strokes-in-guangzhou-china
#19
Pi Guo, Murui Zheng, Wenru Feng, Jiagang Wu, Changyu Deng, Ganfeng Luo, Li Wang, Bingying Pan, Huazhang Liu
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a main cause of death and public health burden in China. The evidence on the burden of different strokes attack attribute to ambient temperature in China is limited. This study aimed to show the characteristics of stroke attack and the attributable risk due to temperature based on hospital admission data in Guangzhou, one of the most developed cities in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015, 104,432 stroke hospitalizations in Guangzhou residents from 67 hospitals for stroke sentinel surveillance were registered...
February 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890765/revascularization-of-moyamoya-angiopathy-in-older-adults
#20
Richard W Williamson, Adib A Abla, Joseph M Zabramski, Peter Nakaji, Robert F Spetzler, John E Wanebo
BACKGROUND: Moyamoya angiopathy most often manifests in patients in the second and third decades of life. Although uncommon, it can also manifest later in life. We present our results in patients >50 years old with moyamoya angiopathy who were treated with surgical revascularization via either direct bypass or indirect bypass (encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted to identify patients with moyamoya disease who were treated with surgical revascularization at our institution between 2002 and 2015...
March 2017: World Neurosurgery
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