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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918764/fragile-environment-seasonality-and-maternal-and-childhood-undernutrition-in-bangladesh
#1
Masuda Mohsena, Mahabub Hossain, Barnali Chakraborty, Abdul Bayes, A N Mahfuzur Rahman
This study assessed whether agricultural and household incomes were the same across different agro-ecological environments in Bangladesh. An in-depth analysis of the effect of unfavourable ecologies on maternal and child malnutrition was carried out. Data were from a longitudinal data set comprising a nationally representative data sample collected in 2014 and the Food Security Nutrition Surveillance Project (FSNSP) conducted in 2011 and 2012. Anthropometric indices were used to assess the nutritional status of mothers and under-five children...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917959/ann-ashworth-pioneer-in-child-nutrition
#2
Richard Lane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915796/correlates-of-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-failure-in-child-household-contacts-with-infectious-tuberculosis-in-high-burden-settings-in-nairobi-kenya-a-cohort-study
#3
Florence Nafula Okwara, John Paul Oyore, Fred Nabwire Were, Samson Gwer
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa continues to document high pediatric tuberculosis (TB) burden, especially among the urban poor. One recommended preventive strategy involves tracking and isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) for children under 5 years in close contact with infectious TB. However, sub-optimal effectiveness has been documented in diverse settings. We conducted a study to elucidate correlates to IPT strategy failure in children below 5 years in high burden settings. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal cohort study was done in informal settlings in Nairobi, where children under 5 years in household contact with recently diagnosed smear positive TB adults were enrolled...
September 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914727/summer-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-program-for-young-children-who-are-overweight-results-from-a-nonrandomized-pilot-trial
#4
Paulo A Graziano, Alexis Garcia, Crystal S Lim
OBJECTIVE: To examine initial outcomes of an 8-week Healthy-Lifestyle Intervention Program (HIP) which included children's participation in a daily summer camp along with parents' participation in a parenting program focused on overweight/obesity. METHODS: Using a nonrandomized pilot trial design, 16 children (M child age = 6.42 yr; 81% male; 100% Latino) classified as overweight/obese and their mothers completed 3 assessments (baseline, posttreatment, and 6-8 mo follow-up)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910328/non-governmental-organization-facilitation-of-a-community-based-nutrition-and-health-program-effect-on-program-exposure-and-associated-infant-feeding-practices-in-rural-india
#5
Veena Singh, Saifuddin Ahmed, Michele L Dreyfuss, Usha Kiran, Deepika N Chaudhery, Vinod K Srivastava, Ramesh C Ahuja, Abdullah H Baqui, Gary L Darmstadt, Mathuram Santosham, Keith P West
BACKGROUND: Integrated nutrition and health programs seek to reduce undernutrition by educating child caregivers about infant feeding and care. Data on the quality of program implementation and consequent effects on infant feeding practices are limited. This study evaluated the effectiveness of enhancing a nutrition and health program on breastfeeding and complementary-feeding practices in rural India. METHODS: Utilizing a quasi-experimental design, one of the implementing districts of a Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere (CARE) nutrition and health program was randomly selected for enhanced services and compared with a district receiving the Government of India's standard nutrition and health package alone...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905440/child-fosterage-and-sex-biased-nutritional-outcomes-among-namibian-pastoralists
#6
Sean P Prall, Brooke A Scelza
OBJECTIVES: Across cultures, fosterage has been shown to impact child health. Contextual factors, such as the reason for fosterage and the relationship between foster parent and child, are known to magnify variance in nutritional outcomes for foster children. Another important, but less studied, factor is the role of gender. Sex-biases in physiology and cultural norms are both known to affect child nutrition, and we posit these effects might be magnified in the presence of fosterage. In this study, we investigate how sex interacts with fosterage to affect nutritional outcomes among Namibian pastoralists...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904119/metrics-for-identifying-food-security-status-and-the-population-with-potential-to-benefit-from-nutrition-interventions-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#7
REVIEW
Bianca D Jackson, Neff Walker, Rebecca Heidkamp
Background: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) uses the poverty head-count ratio at $1.90/d as a proxy for food security to identify the percentage of the population with the potential to benefit from balanced energy supplementation and complementary feeding (CF) interventions, following the approach used for the Lancet's 2008 series on Maternal and Child Undernutrition. Because much work has been done in the development of food security indicators, a re-evaluation of the use of this indicator was warranted.Objective: The aim was to re-evaluate the use of the poverty head-count ratio at $1...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904118/nutrition-interventions-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#8
REVIEW
Adrienne Clermont, Neff Walker
The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) was initially developed in 2003 to estimate the impact of increasing coverage of efficacious interventions on under-5 mortality. Over time, the model has been expanded to include more outcomes (neonatal mortality, maternal mortality, stillbirths) and interventions. The model has also added risk factors, such as stunting and wasting, and over time has attempted to capture a full range of nutrition and nutrition-related interventions (e.g., antenatal supplementation, breastfeeding promotion, child supplemental feeding, acute malnutrition treatment), practices (e...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904115/new-option-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list-allows-for-the-conversion-of-prevalence-of-small-for-gestational-age-and-preterm-births-to-prevalence-of-low-birth-weight
#9
REVIEW
Naoko Kozuki, Joanne Katz, Adrienne Clermont, Neff Walker
Background: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is a software model that estimates the health impact of scaling up interventions on maternal and child health. One of the outputs of the model is an estimation of births by fetal size [appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) or small-for-gestational-age (SGA)] and by length of gestation (term or preterm), both of which influence birth weight. LiST uses prevalence estimates of births in these categories rather than of birth weight categories, because the causes and health consequences differ between SGA and preterm birth...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904112/modeling-the-impact-of-nutrition-interventions-on-birth-outcomes-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#10
REVIEW
Rebecca Heidkamp, Adrienne Clermont, Erica Phillips
Background: Negative birth outcomes [small-for-gestational age (SGA) and preterm birth (PTB)] are common in low- and middle-income countries and have important subsequent health and developmental impacts on children. There are numerous nutritional and non-nutritional interventions that can decrease the risk of negative birth outcomes and reduce subsequent risk of mortality and growth faltering.Objective: The objective of this article was to review the current evidence for the impact of nutritional interventions in pregnancy [calcium supplementation, iron and folic acid supplementation, multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation, and balanced energy supplementation (BES)] and risk factors (maternal anemia) on birth outcomes, with the specific goal of determining which intervention-outcome linkages should be included in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) software...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903112/savoring-sweet-sugars-in-infant-and-toddler-feeding
#11
Robert D Murray
During the first years of life, the sweetness of sugars has a capacity to hinder or to help in laying a strong nutritional foundation for food preferences that often extend over a lifetime. Aside from supplying 4 g/kcal of energy, sugars are non-nutritive. However, sugars have a powerful attribute, sweetness, which strongly influences human food preference. A child's first relationship with sweet taste begins even before birth and continues to evolve throughout complementary feeding. The sweetness of breastmilk encourages consumption and soothes the neonate...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902696/impact-of-conditional-cash-transfers-on-child-nutritional-outcomes-among-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Desalegn Ararso Garoma, Yosef Gebreyohannes Abraha, Serebe Abay Gebrie, Fasil Mengistu Deribe, Mamuye Hadis Tefera, Sudhakar Morankar
The objective of this review is to assess the impact of conditional cash transfers on child nutritional outcomes among sub-Saharan African countries. More specifically, the objectives are to assess the impact of conditional cash transfers on child anthropometry, micro-nutrient, and improvement in dietary diversity of households.
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902476/the-healthfulness-and-prominence-of-sugar-in-child-targeted-breakfast-cereals-in-canada
#13
Monique Potvin Kent, Cher Cameron, Sarah Philippe
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to compare the nutritional content and healthfulness of child-targeted and "not child-targeted" breakfast cereals and to assess the predominance of added sugar in these products. METHODS: We collected data on the nutritional content of 262 unique breakfast cereals found in the five largest grocery store chains in Ottawa (Ontario) and Gatineau (Quebec). We noted the first five ingredients and the number of added sugars present in each cereal from the ingredients list...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901887/microcytosis-is-associated-with-low-cognitive-outcomes-in-healthy-2-year-olds-in-a-high-resource-setting
#14
Elaine K McCarthy, Mairead E Kiely, Geraldine Hannon, Caroline Ahearne, Louise C Kenny, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Alan D Irvine, Deirdre M Murray
Fe deficiency in early childhood is associated with long-term consequences for cognitive, motor and behavioural development; however explorations in healthy children from low risk, high-resource settings have been limited. We aimed to explore associations between Fe status and neurodevelopmental outcomes in low risk, healthy 2-year-olds. This study was a secondary analysis of a nested case-control subgroup from the prospective, maternal-infant Cork Babies after Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints: Evaluating the Longitudinal Impact using Neurological and Nutritional Endpoints (BASELINE) Birth Cohort Study...
September 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901541/helping-parents-identify-their-child-s-swallowing-feeding-and-nutrition-disorder
#15
Justine Joan Sheppard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901336/vitamin-d-and-probiotics-supplement-use-in-young-children-with-genetic-risk-for-type-1-diabetes
#16
J Yang, R N Tamura, U M Uusitalo, C A Aronsson, K Silvis, A Riikonen, N Frank, G Joslowski, C Winkler, J M Norris, S M Virtanen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D and probiotics are nutrients of interest in the context of type 1 diabetes (T1D). We assessed the prevalence of and factors associated with vitamin D and probiotic supplementations among young children with genetic risk of T1D. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Use of supplements during the first 2 years of life was collected prospectively from 8674 children in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study. RESULTS: Single and/or multivitamin/mineral (MVM) supplements were reported by 81% of the children...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901334/rainfall-shocks-are-not-necessarily-a-sensitive-early-indicator-of-changes-in-wasting-prevalence
#17
N A Ledlie, H Alderman, J L Leroy, L You
Evidence on the impact of weather shocks on child nutrition focuses on linear growth retardation (stunting) and thus, associates the effect of a short-term measure (weather events) on a cumulative measure (attained height). Relatively little is known on how weather shocks predict increases in wasting in a population. This study explores whether deviation in rainfall in Ethiopia, a drought prone country, is a sensitive indicator of future increases in wasting. Around 12% of children 0-23 months were wasted, but we found no consistent association between the rainfall shock variables and child weight-for-height Z-scores...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901176/an-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-national-aeronautics-and-space-administration-mission-x-child-health-promotion-program-in-the-united-states
#18
Jungwon Min, Zhengqi Tan, Laurie Abadie, Scott Townsend, Hong Xue, Youfa Wang
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Mission-X: Train Like an Astronaut program (MX) on children's health-related knowledge and behaviors of a sample of US participants. DESIGN: A nonexperimental pilot intervention study in 5 cities with a pre-post comparison of children's health-related knowledge and behaviors in the United States in 2014 and 2015. SAMPLE: Children (n = 409) with a mean age (standard deviation) of 10...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898562/skipping-breakfast-among-australian-children-and-adolescents-findings-from-the-2011-12-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#19
Kylie J Smith, Monique C Breslin, Sarah A McNaughton, Seana L Gall, Leigh Blizzard, Alison J Venn
OBJECTIVE: Skipping breakfast has been linked with poor diet quality, higher BMI and adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1,592 2-17-year-olds completed two 24-hour recalls, collected via face-to-face and telephone interview, in the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Breakfast was an eating occasion of ≥210kJ named as 'breakfast' by the participant...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893755/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-online-menu-planning-intervention-to-improve-childcare-service-adherence-to-dietary-guidelines-a-study-protocol
#20
Sze Lin Yoong, Alice Grady, John Wiggers, Victoria Flood, Chris Rissel, Meghan Finch, Andrew Searles, David Salajan, Ruby O'Rourke, Jaqueline Daly, Karen Gilham, Fiona Stacey, Alison Fielding, Nicole Pond, Rebecca Wyse, Kirsty Seward, Luke Wolfenden
INTRODUCTION: The implementation of dietary guidelines in childcare settings is recommended to improve child public health nutrition. However, foods provided in childcare services are not consistent with guidelines. The primary aim of the trial is to assess the effectiveness of a web-based menu planning intervention in increasing the mean number of food groups on childcare service menus that comply with dietary guidelines regarding food provision to children in care. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A parallel group randomised controlled trial will be undertaken with 54 childcare services that provide food to children within New South Wales, Australia...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
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