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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137512/microfinance-institutions-successful-delivery-of-micronutrient-powders-a-randomized-trial-in-rural-haiti
#1
Aaron Baum, Wesly Elize, Florence Jean-Louis
Globally, two-thirds of child deaths could be prevented by increased provision of health interventions such as vaccines, micronutrient supplements, and water purification tablets. We report the results from a randomized controlled trial in Haiti during 2012 that tested whether microfinance institutions-which reach 200 million households worldwide-can effectively deliver health products. These institutions provide loans to underserved entrepreneurs, primarily poor women in rural areas. In the intervention group, micronutrient powders to improve the nutrition of young children were distributed at regularly occurring microfinance meetings by a trained borrower...
November 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137132/maternal-vitamin-d-status-and-the-relationship-with-neonatal-anthropometric-and-childhood-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-results-from-the-seychelles-child-development-nutrition-study
#2
Eamon Laird, Sally W Thurston, Edwin van Wijngaarden, Conrad F Shamlaye, Gary J Myers, Philip W Davidson, Gene E Watson, Emeir M McSorley, Maria S Mulhern, Alison J Yeates, Mary Ward, Helene McNulty, J J Strain
Vitamin D has an important role in early life; however, the optimal vitamin D status during pregnancy is currently unclear. There have been recent calls for pregnant women to maintain circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations >100 nmol/L for health, yet little is known about the long-term potential benefits or safety of achieving such high maternal 25(OH)D concentrations for infant or child health outcomes. We examined maternal vitamin D status and its associations with infant anthropometric and later childhood neurocognitive outcomes in a mother-child cohort in a sun-rich country near the equator (4...
November 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136489/like-peas-and-carrots-combining-wellness-policy-implementation-with-classroom-education-for-obesity-prevention-in-the-childcare-setting
#3
Caree J Cotwright, Diane W Bales, Jung Sun Lee, Kathryn Parrott, Nathalie Celestin, Babatunde Olubajo
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated an intervention combining policy training and technical assistance for childcare teachers with a nutrition education curriculum to improve (1) the knowledge and self-efficacy of childcare teachers in implementing obesity prevention policies and practices, (2) the quantity and quality of nutrition and physical activity education, and (3) the childcare wellness environment. METHODS: Thirteen teachers and 8 administrators (2 of whom were also teachers) from 8 childcare programs in Clarke County, Georgia, participated in the Healthy Child Care Georgia intervention during June-October 2015...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136485/evaluating-the-impact-of-training-in-obesity-prevention-methods-on-the-counseling-knowledge-and-skills-of-wic-nutritionists-in-georgia-2014-2015
#4
Wendy Palmer, Danielle Henderson, Barbara Stahnke, Katherine Shary, Trisha Hardy, Jean A Welsh
OBJECTIVES: Motivational interviewing, a client-centered intervention method focused on enhancing intrinsic motivation for behavior change, shows a positive impact on children's weight status (ie, stabilizing or slowing down weight gain as a child grows). We evaluated the impact of a training program on knowledge and adoption of evidence-based obesity prevention counseling strategies among counselors from Georgia's Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136189/serum-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-treatment-outcomes-among-women-undergoing-assisted-reproduction
#5
Y-H Chiu, A E Karmon, A J Gaskins, M Arvizu, P L Williams, I Souter, B R Rueda, R Hause, J E Chavarro
STUDY QUESTION: Are serum polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) concentrations, including omega-3 (ω3-PUFA) and omega-6 (ω6-PUFA), related to ART outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Serum levels of long-chain ω3-PUFA were positively associated with probability of live birth among women undergoing ART. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Intake of ω3-PUFA improves oocyte and embryo quality in animal and human studies. However, a recent cohort study found no relation between circulating ω3-PUFA levels and pregnancy rates after ART...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130721/the-nutritional-limitations-of-plant-based-beverages-in-infancy-and-childhood
#6
Isidro Vitoria
Breastfeeding, infant formula and cow's milk are basic foods in infant nutrition. However, they are being increasingly replaced either totally or partially by plant-based beverages.The composition of 164 plant-based beverages available in Spain was reviewed based on the nutritional labeling of the package and the manufacturers' webpages. This was compared to the composition of cow's milk and infant formula. In addition, the nutritional disease associated with consumption of plant-based beverages in infants and children was reviewed by means of a literature search in Medline and Embase since 1990 based on the key words "plant-based beverages" or "rice beverages" or "almond beverages" or "soy beverages" and "infant" or "child"...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130702/-short-medium-and-long-term-benefits-of-human-milk-intake-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#7
Bibiana Chinea Jiménez, Yumana Awad Parada, Antonio Villarino Marín, Miguel Sáenz de Pipaón Marcos
AIM: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of human milk feeding during the first weeks of life in very low birth weight infants on weight gain at discharge, length of hospitalization, postmenstrual age at discharge and nutritional assessment, growth and neurodevelopment at two and five years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Longitudinal study of very-low-birth-weight infants (< 1,500 grams) admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of La Paz University Hospital, from January 1st 2009 to December 31st 2009, followed in the follow-up clinic...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128650/parent-and-child-care-provider-partnerships-protocol-for-the-healthy-me-healthy-we-hmhw-cluster-randomized-control-trial
#8
Heidi Hennink-Kaminski, Amber E Vaughn, Derek Hales, Reneé H Moore, Courtney T Luecking, Dianne S Ward
BACKGROUND: Formation of diet and physical activity habits begins during early childhood. However, many preschool-aged children in the United States do not achieve recommendations for a nutritious diet or active lifestyle. Two important spheres of influence, home and child care, could ensure that children receive consistent health messages. Innovative approaches that engage both parents and child care providers in a substantial way are needed. Social marketing, a promising approach for health promotion targeting children, uses principles that recognize the need to engage multiple stakeholders and to emphasize benefits and overcome barriers associated with behavior change...
November 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125871/does-ownership-of-improved-dairy-cow-breeds-improve-child-nutrition-a-pathway-analysis-for-uganda
#9
Nassul S Kabunga, Shibani Ghosh, Patrick Webb
The promotion of livestock production is widely believed to support enhanced diet quality and child nutrition, but the empirical evidence for this causal linkage remains narrow and ambiguous. This study examines whether adoption of improved dairy cow breeds is linked to farm-level outcomes that translate into household-level benefits including improved child nutrition outcomes in Uganda. Using nationwide data from Uganda's National Panel Survey, propensity score matching is used to create an unbiased counterfactual, based on observed characteristics, to assess the net impacts of improved dairy cow adoption...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124048/breastfeeding-for-one-month-or-longer-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-osteoarthritis-in-older-adults-nhanes-1999-2012
#10
Clara Yongjoo Park
Breastfeeding is associated with many health benefits to the mother but the association between osteoarthritis (OA) is not known. Menopause, a state of rapid estrogen loss, is associated with OA. To test whether lactation, another physiological state of low estrogen status, is associated with OA, a nationally representative dataset National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2012 was analyzed. Information of OA diagnosis history and lactation for at least one month was self-reported by women 50 years and older that had given birth to at least one child...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121495/energy-expenditure-growth-and-nutritional-therapy-in-appropriate-and-small-for-gestational-age-preterm-infants
#11
Andrea Dunshee de Abranches, Fernanda Valente Mendes Soares, Letícia Duarte Villela, Maria Dalva Barbosa Barker Méio, Olivia Araújo Zin, Saint-Clair Gomes Junior, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the resting energy expenditure, growth, and quantity of energy and macronutrients intake in a group of preterm newborns. METHODS: The cohort study was performed with appropriate and small for gestational age preterm infants (birth weight lower than 1500g or gestational age<32 weeks). Resting energy expenditure was measured using indirect calorimetry on the 7th, 14th, 21st, and 28th days of life, and at discharge. Length, head circumference and body weight were assessed weekly...
November 6, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120310/preconception-health-interventions-delivered-in-public-health-and-community-settings-a-systematic-review
#12
Hilary K Brown, Melissa Mueller, Sarah Edwards, Catriona Mill, Joanne Enders, Lisa Graves, Deanna Telner, Cindy-Lee Dennis
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effects of preconception health interventions, delivered to individuals of reproductive age in public health and community settings, on reproductive, maternal, and child health outcomes. METHODS: A search of Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsychINFO, Scopus, Gender Studies Database, and SocINDEX from July 1999 through July 2016 was performed. We included studies that reported original data, used an interventional study design, included reproductive-aged women or men, were written in English, and were published in peer-reviewed journals...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119823/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-child-nutritional-status-a-cross-sectional-study-in-socially-disadvantaged-pakistani-community
#13
Qamar Saeed, Nadia Shah, Sumera Inam, Kashif Shafique
Malnutrition is a primary cause of child morbidity and mortality. The effects of maternal depressive symptoms on children's health, especially their nutritional status, have received less attention in developing countries but needs to be evaluated to understand the public health implications of maternal depression. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between maternal depressive symptoms and children's nutritional status using data from low socioeconomic community in Pakistan. Maternal depressive symptoms defined as Aga Khan University Anxiety and Depression Scale score of 20 or greater was assessed for mothers with children under two years of age...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119815/improving-transition-to-adult-healthcare-for-young-people-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-systematic-review
#14
Imelda Coyne, Aisling M Sheehan, Emily Heery, Alison E While
As survival increases worldwide, large numbers of young people will need to transition from child to adult cystic fibrosis (CF) services. Little is known about the best method for transitioning patients with CF and which transition programmes yield better outcomes. This paper provides a systematic review of the empirical literature on the outcomes and experiences of transition for young people with CF. Outcomes data were subject to a narrative synthesis and a thematic synthesis of experiences data. Structured transition programmes were associated with increased satisfaction, discussions about transition, self-care and self-advocacy skills, more independence, lower anxiety, and increased self-management and parent management of physiotherapy and nutritional supplementation...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116931/early-life-selenium-status-and-cognitive-function-at-5-and-10-years-of-age-in-bangladeshi-children
#15
Helena Skröder, Maria Kippler, Fahmida Tofail, Marie Vahter
BACKGROUND: In older adults, selenium status has been positively associated with cognitive function. We recently reported a positive association between maternal selenium status in pregnancy and children's cognitive function at 1.5 y. OBJECTIVE: We followed up the children to assess if prenatal and childhood selenium status was associated with cognitive abilities at 5 and 10 y. METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study was nested in Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat), a population-based, randomized supplementation trial in pregnancy in rural Bangladesh...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113618/milk-products-in-the-dietary-management-of-childhood-undernutrition-a-historical-review
#16
Veronika Scherbaum, M Leila Srour
The present narrative review outlines the use of milk products in infant and young child feeding from early history until today and illustrates how research findings and technical innovations contributed to the evolution of milk-based strategies to combat undernutrition in children below the age of 5 years. From the onset of social welfare initiatives, dairy products were provided by maternal and child health services to improve nutrition. During the last century, a number of aetiological theories on oedematous forms of undernutrition were developed and until the 1970s the dogma of protein deficiency was dominant...
November 8, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113439/nurses-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-malnutrition-in-children-and-its-management-in-ghana
#17
Victor Mogre, Alaru Yakubu, Musah Fuseini, Anthony Amalba, Sixtus Aguree
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition contributes significantly to child morbidity and mortality. Nurses require appropriate knowledge, skills and attitudes to prevent and treat malnutrition in children using appropriate guidelines or protocols. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article was to assess nurses' knowledge, attitudes towards malnutrition and its management using the World Health Organization (WHO) or United Nations International Children's Fund guidelines for the treatment of severely malnourished children and to evaluate factors associated with their knowledge and attitudes...
October 31, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113038/micronutrient-dietary-intake-in-latina-pregnant-adolescents-and-its-association-with-level-of-depression-stress-and-social-support
#18
Angelie Singh, Caroline Trumpff, Jeanine Genkinger, Alida Davis, Marisa Spann, Elizabeth Werner, Catherine Monk
Adolescent pregnant women are at greater risk for nutritional deficits, stress, and depression than their adult counterparts, and these risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes are likely interrelated. This study evaluated the prevalence of nutritional deficits in pregnant teenagers and assessed the associations among micronutrient dietary intake, stress, and depression. One hundred and eight pregnant Latina adolescents completed an Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall (ASA24) in the 2nd trimester...
November 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110396/using-cognitive-mapping-to-understand-senegalese-infant-and-young-child-feeding-decisions
#19
Stephanie Zobrist, Nikhila Kalra, Gretel Pelto, Brittney Wittenbrink, Peiman Milani, Abdoulaye Moussa Diallo, Tidiane Ndoye, Issa Wone, Megan Parker
Caregivers make decisions about how to feed their infants and young children based on complex interactions of knowledge, beliefs, and values, as well as assessments of situational determinants, including economic and social constraints and opportunities. Because of the relationship of these factors to the adoption of new feeding behaviours, the development of nutrition interventions for this age group must be grounded in knowledge about the target population. This paper presents the results of a study that used cognitive mapping techniques to gain insight into mothers' knowledge and perceptions of foods for infants and young children and examine their significance for feeding decisions in Saint-Louis, northern Senegal...
November 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107197/the-adaptation-and-translation-of-the-peach%C3%A2-rct-intervention-the-process-and-outcomes-of-the-peach%C3%A2-in-the-community-trial
#20
R A Perry, R K Golley, J Hartley, A M Magarey
OBJECTIVE: To describe the process and report selected outcomes of translating an effective child weight management initiative (PEACH™) from a randomised controlled trial intervention to a community health programme. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Pre-post study design utilising the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation and maintenance (RE-AIM) evaluation framework. Adaptation of PEACH™ required significant promotional activity and consideration of legal, ethical and financial issues...
October 26, 2017: Public Health
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