keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ketamine neuron

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446381/ketamine-blocks-bursting-in-the-lateral-habenula-to-rapidly-relieve-depression
#1
Yan Yang, Yihui Cui, Kangning Sang, Yiyan Dong, Zheyi Ni, Shuangshuang Ma, Hailan Hu
The N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonist ketamine has attracted enormous interest in mental health research owing to its rapid antidepressant actions, but its mechanism of action has remained elusive. Here we show that blockade of NMDAR-dependent bursting activity in the 'anti-reward center', the lateral habenula (LHb), mediates the rapid antidepressant actions of ketamine in rat and mouse models of depression. LHb neurons show a significant increase in burst activity and theta-band synchronization in depressive-like animals, which is reversed by ketamine...
February 14, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427922/psychotomimetic-like-behavioral-effects-of-memantine-in-the-mouse
#2
Nobue Kitanaka, Junichi Kitanaka, F Scott Hall, Yoshiro Kubota, Yumi Mimura, Sayaka Ogura, Yukiya Okada, George R Uhl, Motohiko Takemura
A single administration of mice with memantine (1-amino-3,5-dimethyladamantane), a glutamatergic N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, induced stereotyped behaviors in dose- and time-dependent manners. The predominant behavioral component of the stereotypy was a continuous, exaggerated sniffing which was accompanied by persistent locomotion. In contrast, a psychostimulant methamphetamine (METH) predominantly induced a stereotyped biting and other forms of intense stationary stereotypical behaviors...
February 7, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427655/nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-are-associated-with-ketamine-induced-neuronal-apoptosis-in-the-developing-rat-retina
#3
Lingqi Gao, Junde Han, Jie Bai, Jing Dong, Sen Zhang, Mazhong Zhang, Jijian Zheng
Early synchronized spontaneous network activity is a hallmark of the brain growth spurt period, during which general anesthetics cause widespread neuronal apoptosis and subsequent cognitive dysfunction. However, the relationship of such activity to anesthetic-induced neuronal apoptosis remains to be determined. In this study, we utilized patch-clamp electrophysiological recording, immunohistochemistry, and TUNEL assays to investigate the potential roles of spontaneous network activity in ketamine-induced neuronal apoptosis during early development...
February 7, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370396/ketamine-induced-prefrontal-serotonin-release-is-mediated-by-cholinergic-neurons-in-the-pedunculopontine-tegmental-nucleus
#4
Haruko Kinoshita, Naoya Nishitani, Yuma Nagai, Chihiro Andoh, Nozomi Asaoka, Hiroyuki Kawai, Norihiro Shibui, Kazuki Nagayasu, Hisashi Shirakawa, Takayuki Nakagawa, Shuji Kaneko
Background: Ketamine rapidly elicits antidepressive effects in humans and mice, in which serotonergic activity is involved. Although α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α4β2 nAChR) in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) plays a key role in the ketamine-induced prefrontal serotonin release, the source of cholinergic afferents and its role are unclear. Methods: Prefrontal serotonin levels after ketamine injection were measured by microdialysis in rats. Electrolytic lesion of pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPTg) and laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (LDTg) was made with constant direct current...
January 23, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365093/ketamine-intervention-limits-pathogen-expansion-in-vitro
#5
German Torres, Christopher L Hoehmann, Joshua A Cuoco, Kyle Hitscherich, Charles Pavia, Michael Hadjiargyrou, Joerg R Leheste
Ketamine is one of several clinically important drugs whose therapeutic efficacy is due in part to their ability to act upon ion channels prevalent in nearly all biological systems. In studying eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms in vitro, we show that ketamine short-circuits the growth and spatial expansion of three microorganisms, Stachybotrys chartarum, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Borrelia burgdorferi at doses efficient at reducing depression-like behaviors in mouse models of clinical depression. Although our findings do not reveal the mechanism(s) by which ketamine mediates its antifungal and antibacterial effects, we hypothesize that a function of L-glutamate signal transduction is associated with the ability of ketamine to limit pathogen expansion...
January 22, 2018: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359413/effects-of-chronic-ketamine-on-hippocampal-cross-frequency-coupling-implications-for-schizophrenia-pathophysiology
#6
Timothy I Michaels, Lauren L Long, Ian H Stevenson, James J Chrobak, Chi-Ming A Chen
Disrupted neuronal oscillations have been identified as a potentially important biomarker for the perceptual and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia. Emerging evidences suggest that interactions between different frequency bands, cross-frequency coupling (CFC), serve an important role in integrating sensory and cognitive information and may contribute to disease pathophysiology. In the present study, we investigated the effects of 14-day consecutive administration of ketamine (30 mg/kg i.p.) versus saline on alterations in amplitude and changes in the coupling of low-frequency (0-30 Hz) phase and high-frequency (30-115 Hz) amplitude in the CA1 hippocampus of Long Evans rats...
January 23, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357460/response-adaptation-in-the-barn-owl-s-auditory-space-map
#7
Roland Ferger, Kerstin Pawlowsky, Martin Singheiser, Hermann Wagner
Response adaptation is the change of the firing rate of neurons induced by a preceding stimulus. It can be found in many sensory systems and throughout the auditory pathway. We investigated response adaptation in the external nucleus of the inferior colliculus (ICX) of barn owls ( Tyto furcata), a nocturnal bird of prey and specialist in sound localization. Individual neurons in the ICX represent locations in auditory space by maximally responding to combinations of interaural time and level differences (ITD and ILD)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276137/ketamine-inhibits-ultrasound-stimulation-induced-neuromodulation-by-blocking-cortical-neuron-activity
#8
Sungmin Han, Minkyung Kim, Hyungmin Kim, Hyunjoon Shin, Inchan Youn
Ultrasound (US) can be used to noninvasively stimulate brain activity. However, reproducible motor responses evoked by US are only elicited when the animal is in a light state of anesthesia. The present study investigated the effects of ketamine on US-induced motor responses and cortical neuronal activity. US was applied to the motor cortex of mice, and motor responses were evaluated based on robustness scores. Cortical neuronal activity was observed by fluorescence calcium imaging. US-induced motor responses were inhibited more than 20 min after ketamine injection, and US-triggered Ca2+ transients in cortical neurons were effectively blocked by ketamine...
December 21, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247465/cannabinoid-glutamate-interactions-and-neural-oscillations-implications-for-psychosis
#9
Mohamed A Sherif, Jose A Cortes-Briones, Mohini Ranganathan, Patrick D Skosnik
Preclinical and clinical data suggest that the cannabinoid and glutamatergic systems are implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SZ), the prototypical psychotic disorder. This has led to distinct "cannabis" and "ketamine" models of SZ, respectively. However, these two models need not be mutually exclusive. Indeed, in several brain regions implicated in the putative neural circuitry of SZ (e.g., hippocampus, frontal cortex, cerebellum), cannabinoid receptors type 1 (CB1Rs) and glutamate N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) have direct and indirect interactions...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246852/lin28b-and-sox2-regulate-anesthesia-induced-neural-degeneration-in-neural-stem-cell-derived-neurons
#10
Fangfang Zhang, Shiping Wang, Chen Lv, Mei Zhang, Liuying Yang, Xiaowen Guo
Ketamine, a commonly used anesthetic compound, may cause neurotoxicity in immature or developing brains. In this study, we indented to understand the molecular expression and functional role of Lin-28 Homolog B (lin28b) in regulating ketamine-induced neurotoxicity in neural stem cells (NSCs)-differentiated neurons. NSCs from embryonic rat brains were cultured in vitro, and induced toward neuronal differentiation. NSCs-differentiated neurons were treated with various concentrations of ketamine for 24h to evaluate the concentration-dependent effect of ketamine on endogenous lin28b mRNA level...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242823/processing-of-natural-echolocation-sequences-in-the-inferior-colliculus-of-seba-s-fruit-eating-bat-carollia-perspicillata
#11
M Jerome Beetz, Sebastian Kordes, Francisco García-Rosales, Manfred Kössl, Julio C Hechavarría
For the purpose of orientation, echolocating bats emit highly repetitive and spatially directed sonar calls. Echoes arising from call reflections are used to create an acoustic image of the environment. The inferior colliculus (IC) represents an important auditory stage for initial processing of echolocation signals. The present study addresses the following questions: (1) how does the temporal context of an echolocation sequence mimicking an approach flight of an animal affect neuronal processing of distance information to echo delays? (2) how does the IC process complex echolocation sequences containing echo information from multiple objects (multiobject sequence)? Here, we conducted neurophysiological recordings from the IC of ketamine-anaesthetized bats of the species Carollia perspicillata and compared the results from the IC with the ones from the auditory cortex (AC)...
November 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238293/the-impact-of-anesthetic-state-on-spike-sorting-success-in-the-cortex-a-comparison-of-ketamine-and-urethane-anesthesia
#12
K Jannis Hildebrandt, Maneesh Sahani, Jennifer F Linden
Spike sorting is an essential first step in most analyses of extracellular in vivo electrophysiological recordings. Here we show that spike-sorting success depends critically on characteristics of coordinated population activity that can differ between anesthetic states. In tetrode recordings from mouse auditory cortex, spike sorting was significantly less successful under ketamine/medetomidine (ket/med) than urethane anesthesia. Surprisingly, this difficulty with sorting under ket/med anesthesia did not appear to result from either greater millisecond-scale burstiness of neural activity or increased coordination of activity among neighboring neurons...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218434/inhibition-of-gsk-3beta-signaling-pathway-rescues-ketamine-induced-neurotoxicity-in-neural-stem-cell-derived-neurons
#13
Jingjing Zhang, Changlei Cui, Yanhui Li, Haiyang Xu
Clinical application of anesthetic reagent, ketamine (Keta), may induce irreversible neurotoxicity in central nervous system. In this work, we utilized an in vitro model of neural stem cells-derived neurons (nSCNs) to evaluate the role of GSK-3 signaling pathway in Keta-induced neurotoxicity. Embryonic mouse-brain neural stem cells were differentiated into neurons in vitro. Keta (50 μM)-induced neurotoxicity in cultured nSCNs was monitored by apoptosis, immunohistochemical and western blot assays, respectively...
December 7, 2017: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180675/protein-kinase-m%C3%AE-in-medial-prefrontal-cortex-mediates-depressive-like-behavior-and-antidepressant-response
#14
W Yan, J-F Liu, Y Han, W Zhang, Y-X Luo, Y-X Xue, W-L Zhu, C Yang, W-H Chen, H-L Guo, Y-N Ma, K Yuan, J-S Wang, J Shi, L Lu
Neuronal atrophy and alterations of synaptic structure and function in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of depression, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. The protein kinase Mζ (PKMζ), a brain-specific atypical protein kinase C isoform, is important for maintaining long-term potentiation and storing memory. In the present study, we explored the role of PKMζ in mPFC in two rat models of depression, chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) and learned helplessness...
November 28, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162814/trkb-dependent-adult-hippocampal-progenitor-differentiation-mediates-sustained-ketamine-antidepressant-response
#15
Zhenzhong Ma, Tong Zang, Shari G Birnbaum, Zilai Wang, Jane E Johnson, Chun-Li Zhang, Luis F Parada
Adult neurogenesis persists in the rodent dentate gyrus and is stimulated by chronic treatment with conventional antidepressants through BDNF/TrkB signaling. Ketamine in low doses produces both rapid and sustained antidepressant effects in patients. Previous studies have shed light on post-transcriptional synaptic NMDAR mediated mechanisms underlying the acute effect, but how ketamine acts at the cellular level to sustain this anti-depressive function for prolonged periods remains unclear. Here we report that ketamine accelerates differentiation of doublecortin-positive adult hippocampal neural progenitors into functionally mature neurons...
November 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162522/loss-of-consciousness-is-related-to-hyper-correlated-gamma-band-activity-in-anesthetized-macaques-and-sleeping-humans
#16
Michał Bola, Adam B Barrett, Andrea Pigorini, Lino Nobili, Anil K Seth, Artur Marchewka
Loss of consciousness can result from a wide range of causes, including natural sleep and pharmacologically induced anesthesia. Important insights might thus come from identifying neuronal mechanisms of loss and re-emergence of consciousness independent of a specific manipulation. Therefore, to seek neuronal signatures of loss of consciousness common to sleep and anesthesia we analyzed spontaneous electrophysiological activity recorded in two experiments. First, electrocorticography (ECoG) acquired from 4 macaque monkeys anesthetized with different anesthetic agents (ketamine, medetomidine, propofol) and, second, stereo-electroencephalography (sEEG) from 10 epilepsy patients in different wake-sleep stages (wakefulness, NREM, REM)...
November 21, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161812/acute-amino-acid-d-serine-administration-similar-to-ketamine-produces-antidepressant-like-effects-through-the-identical-mechanisms
#17
I-Hua Wei, Kuang-Ti Chen, Mang-Hung Tsai, Ching-Hsiang Wu, Hsien-Yuan Lane, Chih-Chia Huang
D-serine is an amino acid and can work as an agonist at the glycine sites of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). Interestingly, both types of glutamatergic modulators, NMDAR enhancers and blockers, can improve depression through common targets, namely alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionaic acid receptors (AMPARs) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). To elucidate the cellular signaling pathway underlying this counterintuitive observation, we activated NMDARs in rats by using D-serine. Saline, ketamine (NMDAR antagonist), and desipramine (tricyclic antidepressant) were used as controls...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158584/ketamine-enhances-structural-plasticity-in-mouse-mesencephalic-and-human-ipsc-derived-dopaminergic-neurons-via-ampar-driven-bdnf-and-mtor-signaling
#18
L Cavalleri, E Merlo Pich, M J Millan, C Chiamulera, T Kunath, P F Spano, G Collo
Among neurobiological mechanisms underlying antidepressant properties of ketamine, structural remodeling of prefrontal and hippocampal neurons has been proposed as critical. The suggested mechanism involves downstream activation of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptors, which trigger mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-dependent structural plasticity via brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and protein neo-synthesis. We evaluated whether ketamine elicits similar molecular events in dopaminergic (DA) neurons, known to be affected in mood disorders, using a novel, translational strategy that involved mouse mesencephalic and human induced pluripotent stem cells-derived DA neurons...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158578/ketamine-and-its-metabolite-2r-6r-hydroxynorketamine-induce-lasting-alterations-in-glutamatergic-synaptic-plasticity-in-the-mesolimbic-circuit
#19
N Yao, O Skiteva, X Zhang, P Svenningsson, K Chergui
Low doses of ketamine trigger rapid and lasting antidepressant effects after one injection in treatment-resistant patients with major depressive disorder. Modulation of AMPA receptors (AMPARs) in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex is suggested to mediate the antidepressant action of ketamine and of one of its metabolites (2R,6R)-hydroxynorketamine ((2R,6R)-HNK). We have examined whether ketamine and (2R,6R)-HNK affect glutamatergic transmission and plasticity in the mesolimbic system, brain regions known to have key roles in reward-motivated behaviors, mood and hedonic drive...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158577/vgf-function-in-depression-and-antidepressant-efficacy
#20
C Jiang, W-J Lin, M Sadahiro, B Labonté, C Menard, M L Pfau, C A Tamminga, G Turecki, E J Nestler, S J Russo, S R Salton
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a critical effector of depression-like behaviors and antidepressant responses. Here, we show that VGF (non-acronymic), which is robustly regulated by BDNF/TrkB signaling, is downregulated in hippocampus (male/female) and upregulated in nucleus accumbens (NAc) (male) in depressed human subjects and in mice subjected to chronic social defeat stress (CSDS). Adeno-associated virus (AAV)-Cre-mediated Vgf ablation in floxed VGF mice, in dorsal hippocampus (dHc) or NAc, led to pro-depressant or antidepressant behaviors, respectively, while dHc- or NAc-AAV-VGF overexpression induced opposite outcomes...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
62139
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"