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Tomonori Watanabe, Shinsuke Miyazaki, Takatsugu Kajiyama, Sadamitsu Ichijo, Takamitsu Takagi, Miyako Igarashi, Hiroaki Nakamura, Hiroshi Taniguchi, Hitoshi Hachiya, Yoshito Iesaka
Persistent iatrogenic atrial septal defects (iASDs) can be observed after intervention requiring a left atria (LA) access, including pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) of atrial fibrillation (AF). We investigated the incidence of iASDs post-second-generation cryoballoon ablation and the pre-procedural predictors. Eighty-three paroxysmal AF patients underwent PVI using second-generation cryoballoons. The LA was accessed with single 15-Fr steerable sheaths following a radiofrequency transseptal puncture, and the iASD was evaluated with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), a median of 9...
March 17, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Shiwei Huang, Binglin Pan, He Zou, Wei Lin
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) usually originates from pulmonary veins (PVs) but can also be caused by pulmonary veins outside, such as the coronary sinus (CS), the superior vena cava (SVC), and the ligament of Marshall. CASE PRESENTATION: A 69-year-old male with a history of palpitations for 10 years was referred to our institute because of its recurrence for half a day. A dynamic electrocardiogram revealed sinus rhythm (SR) and paroxysmal AF. Echocardiography demonstrated normal cardiac structure, and physical examination results were unremarkable...
March 13, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Patrycja Pruszkowska, Radosław Lenarczyk, Jakub Gumprecht, Ewa Jedrzejczyk-Patej, Michał Mazurek, Oskar Kowalski, Adam Sokal, Tomasz Podolecki, Stanisław Morawski, Witold Streb, Katarzyna Mitręga, Zbigniew Kalarus
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein isolation with cryobaloon catheter ablation (CCB) is an effective method oftreatment in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) but in patients with heart failure (HF) therole of CCB remains unknown. AIMS: To assess feasibility, effectiveness and safety of CCB in patients with HF and cardiac electronic devices (CIED), the impact of the procedure on symptoms and echocardiographic parameters. METHODS: Thirty consecutive HF patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (EF)≤40% and CIED, referred for CCB of AF were included...
March 12, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
Thomas J Buist, Ahmet Adiyaman, Jaap Jan J Smit, Anand R Ramdat Misier, Arif Elvan
The name of the author Jaap Jan J. Smit was rendered wrongly in the original publication. The original article has been corrected.
March 6, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Duygu Kocyigit, Muhammed Ulvi Yalcin, Kadri Murat Gurses, Selin Ardali, Gamze Turk, Ugur Canpolat, Banu Evranos, Hikmet Yorgun, Tuncay Hazirolan, Kudret Aytemir
AIMS: Several studies have investigated the influence of pulmonary vein(PV) anatomy on outcomes of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between PV orientation and AF-free survival following cryoablation. METHODS: 160 patients scheduled for cryoablation between September 2012-March 2014 were included. Patients underwent a pre-procedural cardiac CT scan with retrospective ECG gating. PV orientation was assessed according to the position of the PV orifice relative to the sagittal plane with reference to coronal and horizontal planes...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Kaoru Okishige, Hideshi Aoyagi, Takurou Nishimura, Takatoshi Shigeta, Tomofumi Nakamura, Yasuteru Yamauchi, Takehiko Keida, Tetsuo Sasano, Kenzo Hirao
BACKGROUND: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) can provoke acute reconnections after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). This study aimed to investigate dormant conduction (DC) after ablation with second-generation cryoballoon (CB). METHODS: Two hundred sixteen patients (148 male; age 64±9 years) with atrial fibrillation (AF) were included. After a successful PVI with the CB, 20mg of ATP was administered. All patients were followed up for 425±56 days. RESULTS: Seven hundred ninety-five out of 864 (92%) PVs were successfully isolated solely by the CB...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
Kivanc Yalin, Amr Abdin, Evgeny Lyan, Noureddin Sawan, Spyridon Liosis, Christian Elsner, Alexander Jobs, Ben Brüggemann, Jelena Koester, Ingo Eitel, Charlotte Eitel, Roland Richard Tilz
BACKGROUND: The second-generation cryoballoon (CB) is increasingly used for treatment of persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). Data regarding the clinical outcome and mechanism of arrhythmia recurrence following persistent AF ablation using CB is sparse. In this study, we aimed to assess the efficacy of CB and mechanisms of atrial tachyarrhythmia (ATA) recurrence in patients with persistent AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 133 patients (66 ± 10 years, 60% male) with symptomatic persistent AF, who were scheduled for PVI using the second-generation CB were enrolled...
February 28, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Y Xing, B Xu, X Sheng, C Xu, F Peng, Y Sun, S Wang, H Guo
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Uninterrupted warfarin during cryoballoon ablation (CB-A) of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been widely accepted. However, to our knowledge, no previous studies exist investigating the optimal intensity of anticoagulation with warfarin for CB-A. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of uninterrupted low-intensity warfarin for CB-A of AF in the elderly. METHODS: Paroxysmal AF patients (age ≥ 70 years) who underwent CB-A were enrolled prospectively...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
B E Louie, W Hofstetter, G Triadafilopoulos, B L Weusten
Current ablation devices for dysplastic Barrett's esophagus are effective but have significant limitations. This pilot study aims to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and dose response of a novel cryoballoon swipe ablation system (CbSAS) in three experimental in vitro and in vivo models. CbSAS is a through-the-scope compliant balloon that is simultaneously inflated and cooled by liquid nitrous oxide delivered from a disposable handheld unit. When the cryogen is applied through a special diffuser it covers a 90° section of the circumference of the esophagus for 3 cm length...
February 21, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Wilber Su, G Joseph Orme, Robert Hoyt, James Baker, Steven Compton, Christopher Fellows, John Harding, J Thomas Svinarich, Marcin Kowalski, Bryan Piedad, David Kenigsberg, John Seger, Zeshan K Ahmad, Paul Wang
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) via catheter ablation is an approved therapy for patients with drug-refractory and symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF). Furthermore, cryoballoon is now considered to be as effective as focal radiofrequency catheter ablation. This study examines the second-generation cryoballoon performance in a US multicenter review of real-world practices. METHODS: By retrospective chart collections, the long-term efficacy and safety of the cryoballoon procedure were assessed in 15 US centers...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Luigi Sciarra, Saverio Iacopino, Zefferino Palamà, Ermenegildo De Ruvo, Pasquale Filannino, Alessio Borrelli, Paolo Artale, Alberto Caragliano, Antonio Scarà, Paolo Golia, Lucia De Luca, Domenico Grieco, Marco Rebecchi, Stefano Favale, Leonardo Calò
BACKGROUND: Third-generation cryoballoon (CB3) is characterized by a 40% shorter distal tip designed to increase the rate of pulmonary veins real-time signal recording in order to measure time necessary to isolate veins, the "Time to effect" (TTE). Few data are currently available on clinical follow up of CB3 treated patients. METHODS: Sixtyeight consecutive patients (mean age 57.8 ± 9.6 years, 48 male) with paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) were enrolled...
February 21, 2018: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
Abigail Louise D Te, Li-Wei Lo, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Shih-Lin Chang, Yu-Feng Hu, Fa-Po Chung, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Tze-Fan Chao, Jo-Nan Liao, Yao-Ting Chang, Chin-Yu Lin, Shinya Yamada, Ting-Yung Chang, Simon Salim, Minh Quang Hoang, Ting-Chun Huang, Shih-Ann Chen
BACKGROUND: Vasovagal responses (VR) encountered during radiofrequency pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) suggest ablation of the atrial tissue subjacent to the ganglionic plexi (GP) and confer durability of PVI. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that VR during cryoballoon PVI (CB-PVI) in PAF can predict mid-term AF recurrence. METHODS: We enrolled 39 patients who underwent PVI using 2nd generation cryoballoon for PAF from November 2014 to July 2016...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Shinsuke Miyazaki, Takatsugu Kajiyama, Tomonori Watanabe, Sadamitsu Ichijo, Yoshito Iesaka
Isolation areas post-28-mm cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation (CB-PVI) are smaller than post-radiofrequency PV antrum isolation at the left superior PV (LSPV) antrum and recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF) can originate from this area. This pilot study evaluated the impact of additional extra-PV CB applications at the LSPV antrum following conventional CB-PVI. Eighteen paroxysmal AF patients underwent CB-PVI with single 3-min freeze techniques. Following the CB-PVI, 2-min CB applications were added once or twice at the LSPV antrum...
February 20, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Giacomo Mugnai, Carlo de Asmundis, Saverio Iacopino, Erwin Ströker, Massimo Longobardi, Maria Claudia Negro, Valentina De Regibus, Hugo Enrique Coutino-Moreno, Ken Takarada, Rajin Choudhury, Juan Pablo Abugattas de Torres, Cesare Storti, Pedro Brugada, Gian-Battista Chierchia
PURPOSE: Acute pericarditis is a minor complication following atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation procedures. The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence and clinical aspects of pericarditis following cryoballoon (CB) ablation of AF investigating a possible association with procedural characteristics and a possible relationship with post-ablation recurrences. METHODS: Four hundred fifty consecutive patients (male 73%, age 59.9 ± 11.2 years) with drug-resistant paroxysmal AF who underwent CB ablation as index procedure were enrolled...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Eun Sun Jin, Paul J Wang
The cryoballoon was invented to achieve circumferential pulmonary vein isolation more efficiently to compliment the shortcomings of point-by-point ablation by radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Its efficacy and safety were shown to be comparable to those of RFA, and the clinical outcomes have improved with the second-generation cryoballoon. The basic biophysics, implemental techniques, procedural recommendations, clinical outcomes, and complications of the cryoballoon are presented in this practical and systematic review...
February 2018: Korean Circulation Journal
Mario Matta, Matteo Anselmino, Federico Ferraris, Marco Scaglione, Fiorenzo Gaita
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency and cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation are common approaches for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation treatment, showing similar results in recent multicenter studies, including heterogeneous tools and protocols. The aim of this study is to compare prospectively in a single, high-volume center the outcome of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation ablation performed specifically by second-generation cryoballoon or contact force radiofrequency ablation. METHODS: Consecutive patients scheduled for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation transcatheter ablation have been included and prospectively followed up...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
C Eickholt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Alexander Pott, Christoph Kraft, Tilman Stephan, Kerstin Petscher, Wolfgang Rottbauer, Tillman Dahme
BACKGROUND: The optimal freeze duration in cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is unknown. The 3rd generation cryoballoon facilitates observation of the time-to-isolation (TTI) and thereby enables individualized cryoenergy titration. To evaluate the efficacy of an individualized freeze duration we compared the clinical outcome of patients treated with a TTI-guided ablation protocol to the outcome of patients treated with a fixed ablation protocol. METHODS: We compared 100 patients treated with the 3rd generation cryoballoon applying a TTI-based protocol (TTI group) to 100 patients treated by a fixed freeze protocol (fixed group)...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
David Mörtsell, Helena Malmborg, Stefan Lönnerholm, Victoria Jansson, Carina Blomström-Lundqvist
Aims: A single cryoballoon (CB) application per vein for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) could save time and was therefore compared to the standard approach of two consecutive CB applications for acute and long-term efficacy and safety. Methods and results: Patients with symptomatic AF were randomized to a single CB application per vein guided by an Achieve® catheter (Single cryo-arm) or to two CB applications using a standard guidewire (Routine cryo-arm)...
February 6, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Thomas J Buist, Ahmet Adiyaman, Jaap Jan J Smit, Anand R Ramdat Misier, Arif Elvan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare second-generation cryoballoon and contact-force radiofrequency point-by-point pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with regard to pulmonary vein reconnection and arrhythmia-free survival. METHODS AND RESULTS: Altogether, 269 consecutive patients with drug-refractory AF undergoing PVI were included and randomly allocated to second-generation cryoballoon or contact-force point-by-point radiofrequency ablation...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
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